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TECH QUIZ

Switchgear & Circuit Breakers

By Ji m Whi te

Shermco Industries

Many companies dont maintain their switchgear in the manner they should which can
lead to problems and safety issues. We have seen instances where the protective relays have
been calibrated, but the switchgear and circuit breakers have not been maintained. A lot of
maintenance is driven by insurance company dictates, but that does not ensure a safe or efficient
electrical system. The following questions will help sharpen your maintenance knowledge:

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1. You are a facility maintenance manager


and you have several sections of mediumvoltage switchgear. This equipment has a
high reliability requirement and is in good
condition. According to ANSI/NETA
MTS-2011, how often should it be
electrically tested and maintained?
a. 6 months
b. 12 months
c. 18 months
d. 24 months
2. C
 able connected to bus using lugs is always
an issue. My experience has been that when
checked for tightness every three years,
roughly 50 percent of the connections
require retorquing. What three methods
does ANSI/NETA MTS-2011 recommend
for checking for connection problems?
a. _______________
b. _______________
c. _______________

SUMMER 2011

3. Using ANSI/NETA ATS-2009 as a


reference, what is the minimum voltage to
be used for performing a dc overpotential
test on 15 kV switchgear?
a. 15 kV
b. 25 kV
c. 27 kV
d. 37 kV
4. A
 NSI/NETA ATS-2009 recommends
what maximum value of leakage current
when performing the dc overpotential test
on 15 kV switchgear?
a. 1 Megohm/kV test voltage
plus 1 Megohm
b. 1.0 microampere
c. 100 microamperes
d. No failure of insulation
5. What is the minimum insulation
resistance of control wiring in switchgear
based on ANSI/NETA MTS-2007?
a. 1 Megohm
b. 2 Megohm
c. 4 Megohm
d. No failure of insulation

See answers on page 107.

Jim White is the


Training director for
Shermco Industries and
the principal Shermco
representative on the
NFPA 70B committee.
Jim is the alternate NETA
representative on the
NFPA 70E committee
and serves as the NETA
representative on the IEEE/
NFPA Arc-Flash Hazard
Work Group (RTPC)
Ad Hoc Committee. He
served as the Chairman of
the 2008 IEEE Electrical
Safety Workshop. Jim is
a NETA Certified Level
IV Electrical Testing
Technician and a member
of the NETA Safety
Committee.

tech quiz

TECH QUIZ ANSWERS

A N S W E R S
A nsw e r 1

A ns w e r 2

A ns we r 4

1. You are a facility maintenance


manager and you have several
sections of medium-voltage
switchgear. This equipment has a
high reliability requirement and
is in good condition. According
to ANSI/NETA MTS-2011, how
often should it be electrically tested
and maintained?
a. 6 months
b. Using Appendix B, switchgear
with a high reliability
requirement and in good
condition would have a
multiplication factor of 0.5.
The recommended interval
for electrical testing and
maintenance is 24 months, so
it would be 0.5 x 24 months =
12 months.
c. 18 months
d. 24 months

2. C
 able connected to bus using lugs
is always an issue. My experience
has been that when checked for
tightness every three years, roughly
50 percent of the connections
require retorquing. What three
methods does ANSI/NETA MTS2011 recommend for checking for
connection problems?
a. Using a microhmmeter
 sing a calibrated torque
b. U
wrench
c. Performing a thermographic
survey

4. A
 NSI/NETA ATS-2009
recommends
what maximum value of leakage
current
when performing the dc
overpotential test
on 15 kV switchgear?
a. 1 Megohm/kV test voltage
plus 1 Megohm
b. 1.0 microampere
c. 100 microamperes
d. No failure of insulation

A ns w e r 3

5. What is the minimum insulation


resistance of control wiring in
switchgear based on ANSI/NETA
MTS-2007?
a. 1 Megohm
b. 2 Megohm
c. 4 Megohm
d. No failure of insulation

3. Using ANSI/NETA ATS-2009 as


a reference, what is the minimum
voltage to
be used for performing a dc
overpotential
test on 15 kV switchgear?
a. 15 kV
b. 25 kV
c. 27 kV
d. 37 kV

A ns we r 5

NFPA Disclaimer: Although Jim White is a member of the NFPA Technical Committee for both
NFPA 70E Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace and NFPA 70B Recommended Practice for
Electrical Equipment Maintenance, the views and opinions expressed in this message are purely the authors
and shall not be considered an official position of the NFPA or any of its Technical Committees and shall not
be considered to be, nor be relied upon as, a formal interpretation or promotion of the NFPA. Readers are
encouraged to refer to the entire text of all referenced documents.

tech quiz answers

NETAWORLD

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