10 views

Uploaded by Isa Gumus

1b_ate_gp11b_ate_gp11b_ate_gp11b_ate_gp11b_ate_gp1

- 540.303.01_Syllabus
- Gas-flow Calculations - Don't Choke
- Binder - Fluid Mechanics.pdf
- Aspen HYSYS Webinar - Flare Network Revalidation Reduces CAPEX
- fluid-mechanics-practice-problem.pdf
- Phd Entrance Test Syllabus for PEC Chandigarh
- 1b_ate_gp1.pdf
- AspenHYSYSDynModelV7 2 Ref
- Transport Phenomena Fluid Mechanics Problem Solution BSL _ Newtonian Fluid Flow in a Circular Tube
- 15017030
- Novel Ventilation System
- Transport Phenomena Fluid mechanics problem solution BSL _ Newtonian fluid flow in a circular tube.pdf
- 2D Euler Riemann Roe
- DIGITAL PHYSICS SIMULATION OF LID-DRIVEN CAVITY FLOW
- Yeong-Pei Tsai and Chung-Chyi Chou- Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Hydrogen-Oxygen Reacting Flow
- Lecture 4 Compressible Flow.pptx
- me
- Hysys Rubrics Assignment March2018
- 2
- 1

You are on page 1of 13

Bernoullis equation (steady, inviscid, incompressible):

Pressure tapping in a wall parallel to

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

71

Although the velocity and pressure have changed, for steady, inviscid, incompressible

flow, the stagnation pressure has the same value at points 1 and 2.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

72

The steady flow energy equation:

h0 =

SFEE becomes:

Thus, the stagnation enthalpy only changes when heat or shaft-work are interchanged

(it is independent of the local flow velocity, but does depend on the frame of reference).

The SFEE is TRUE FOR COMPRESSIBLE AND INCOMPRESSIBLE flow.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

73

For a perfect gas, define the stagnation (or total) temperature T0 as:

CpT0 = CpT +

SFEE becomes:

(It is independent of the local flow velocity, but does depend on the frame of reference).

This is why, in earlier courses, we have often ignored the KE of the flow in the SFEE.

We have actually been using stagnation temperature:

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

74

It is possible to define a useful reference pressure, the stagnation (or total) pressure p0

by considering an isentropic deceleration between:

and

T and p

T0 and p0

Thus:

=

Stagnation temperature is constant provided there is no heat or work transfer.

Stagnation pressure is only constant if, in addition, the flow is isentropic.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

75

Stagnation conditions are easily represented on

a T-S diagram since:

entropy as the static conditions (T & p)

In carrying out the cycle analysis, for example finding the work or heat transfer, in a gas

turbine, it is the stagnation quantities which should be used.

Important: Stagnation conditions depend on the frame of reference.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

76

, so important?

=

purely a function on Mach number (and ).

Similarly:

=

The graphs of T0/T and p0/p are in Thermo-Fluids Data Book (2004 edition).

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

77

For incompressible flow:

V2 =

Bernoullis Equation is NOT correct for the flow of gases. It should only be used where

the Mach number is less than 0.3, i.e. where the effects of compressibility are small.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

78

The mass flow rate per unit area:

/A = V

Maximum value of

/A occurs at the

For steady adiabatic flow:

V=

= 0

Hence:

/A =

= function( T )

The maximum mass flow per unit area can be found (by differentiation) to be when:

T = 2 T0/(+1)

corresponds to

V=

=a

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

79

As the (static) pressure at the exit of a nozzle is decreased, the flow velocity will

increase until the velocity is sonic at the throat (minimum area). This corresponds to

the maximum possible mass flow rate through the nozzle (for fixed inlet stagnation

conditions) and the nozzle is said to be choked. Lowering the exit static pressure

further will not increase the mass flow rate through the nozzle.

convergent-divergent (con-di) nozzle

To accelerate a flow beyond sonic velocity

it is first necessary to reduce the flow area

to a throat and then increase the flow area

downstream of the throat.

It is not normally worthwhile fitting a con-di nozzle to a subsonic civil aircraft as the exit

jet velocity will only be slightly supersonic. (Unconstrained expansion.)

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

80

very common in rocket motors for

spacecraft.

In such applications the pressure

at the nozzle exit is very low

(zero?) and so the flow accelerates

to a very high Mach number.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

81

/A can be expressed in non-dimensional form as:

=

This is purely a function of Mach number (and adiabatic index ) and its graph is shown

in the Thermo-Fluids Data Book (2004 edition).

At the throat, when M = 1, for the flow of air ( = 1.4 ):

= 1.281

The mass flow through a choked nozzle is proportional to the inlet stagnation pressure

and inversely proportional to the square root of the inlet stagnation temperature.

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

82

The quantities:

,

and

calculations.

For air ( = 1.4 ) the graph is in the

Thermo-Fluids Data Book (2004 edition).

IB-ATE-nts10.01.doc

- 540.303.01_SyllabusUploaded byjunkingmail7
- Gas-flow Calculations - Don't ChokeUploaded byMartín Diego Mastandrea
- Binder - Fluid Mechanics.pdfUploaded bycubanninja
- Aspen HYSYS Webinar - Flare Network Revalidation Reduces CAPEXUploaded byganeshdhage
- fluid-mechanics-practice-problem.pdfUploaded bypavan_marthi
- Phd Entrance Test Syllabus for PEC ChandigarhUploaded byjasvindersinghsaggu
- 1b_ate_gp1.pdfUploaded bypreetham108
- AspenHYSYSDynModelV7 2 RefUploaded bynguyennha1211
- Transport Phenomena Fluid Mechanics Problem Solution BSL _ Newtonian Fluid Flow in a Circular TubeUploaded byyudhaputra
- 15017030Uploaded byAli Alkassem
- Novel Ventilation SystemUploaded byUnna Malai
- Transport Phenomena Fluid mechanics problem solution BSL _ Newtonian fluid flow in a circular tube.pdfUploaded byyudhaputra
- 2D Euler Riemann RoeUploaded byJR
- DIGITAL PHYSICS SIMULATION OF LID-DRIVEN CAVITY FLOWUploaded byMiguel Angel Escalante
- Yeong-Pei Tsai and Chung-Chyi Chou- Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Hydrogen-Oxygen Reacting FlowUploaded byWhiteLighte
- Lecture 4 Compressible Flow.pptxUploaded byAllyssa Mae Firmalan
- meUploaded byEk-ek Felizardo Almoroto Gontiñas Jr.
- Hysys Rubrics Assignment March2018Uploaded byAnonymous jbDGVNta
- 2Uploaded byasathishmct
- 1Uploaded byARUNGREESMA
- IndexUploaded byRonald Zapata Vásquez
- Brooks 1982.pdfUploaded bymuco
- Example-Transpiration Cooling.pdfUploaded byBerkcan Arslan
- Analysis of Development Methods for Gravel Envelope WellsUploaded bybuthheadgac
- Negash1Uploaded byabuabe51
- TutorialUploaded byfaffs
- Lectuerer MechanicalUploaded bymadking987
- Lect05Uploaded byBrayan
- Fm Session Plan (2)Uploaded bysudheer0101
- UNIT-VUploaded byajaythermal

- LECTURE05.pdfUploaded byAdil Rasheed
- ME 472 Computer Applications in Mechanical Engineering(Şarmutah)Uploaded byIsa Gumus
- C# Calculator codesUploaded byIsa Gumus
- sistemson_20170414030144Uploaded byIsa Gumus
- NA Differentiation 2Uploaded byIsa Gumus
- HMW3_MATH205Uploaded byIsa Gumus
- Engineering Mechanics Dynamics Solution Manual 6th PDFUploaded byIsa Gumus

- How to Do a Tie-InUploaded byrenjithv_4
- OU Open University SM358 2013 exam solutionsUploaded bysam smith
- shovel payload monitoring thesisUploaded byMaikPortnoy
- Practical Aspects in PSC WorkUploaded byradhakrishnang
- Voltage-Oriented Vector Control of Induction Motor-Principle AndUploaded byDaniel Gutierrez
- Threaded FastenersUploaded byksathishgreen
- Homework 5Uploaded byNaniy Chonnaniyah
- Rinnai US.pdfUploaded byGlauber Goncalves
- 051200.docUploaded bysiva
- Motoare electrice MavilorUploaded byMuresan Andrei
- Analysis of a Large Power PMSM Using Different Control MethodsUploaded bypixelo09
- REFRIGERATION-AND-AIR-CONDITIONING_TH_1.10_AC19.pdfUploaded bySaurav Sinha
- AUC R2017_20181008_AET Question Paper, Model ExamUploaded byGurunath Aero
- REF ATAUploaded byHamza Ghzaiel
- Nonlinear Elastic Shell Theory Libai1983Uploaded byFelipeAndrésArriagadaMartínez
- OAJS-02-00054 (1)Uploaded byPrince
- jIsuzu NPR Transmission r403e_04_wUploaded byCathy Oliver
- Paper Repairing Internal Corrosion Defects in PipelinesUploaded byMohamed Samy
- Paper26555-557Uploaded byanandg4ps10ccs01
- HIPL2004_1062533-64.pdfUploaded bybercketowzhenya
- Ktm Duke 790Uploaded byDavid Francisco Benites Millan
- Recit 09 AnswersUploaded byDiyanika
- 3 Phase Separators (‘Separators’) _ Ascom SeparationUploaded bynaveenbaskaran1989
- CIVE1163_Introduction to Structural SystemsUploaded byMikeChan
- 0Alltemp_Refrigeration_Air_Conditioning_Catalogue.pdfUploaded byEdenia Jolvino
- 5. hms5 & HMSA 10Uploaded byAshish Kumar
- Rheem Pipe Cover Assembly RTG20227Uploaded bytsemmes
- enfield-bullet-workshop-manual-2000Uploaded byAmbadnya-Amogh Anbhavane
- 1Uploaded byaqqq
- Reliance Product Catalog 2012Uploaded byAlejandroVCMX