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PAPER TOOL OF THE PROCEDURE FOR

THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE


HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS OF WASTE

Effective from 1 January 2002


(Revised 31st August 2004)

Volume I

Your Plan - Your Future

Clean Technology Centre


Cork Institute of Technology
Melbourne Business Park
Model Farm Road
Cork
31st August 2004

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

Procedure for the Identification of the Hazardous


Components of Waste
(2000-DS-3-M1)

Authors
Jean Finn
Eileen O'Leary
Noel Duffy
Dermot Cunningham

Clean Technology Centre


Cork Institute of Technology
Melbourne Business Park
Model Farm Road
Cork

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This report has been prepared as part of the Environmental Research, Technological
Development and Innovation Programme under the Productive Sector Operational
Programme 2000-2006. The programme was financed by the Irish Government under the
National Development Plan. The programme is administered on behalf of the Department of
Environment and Local Government by the Environmental Protection Agency which has the
statutory function of co-ordinating and promoting environmental research.
DISCLAIMER
While great effort has been made to ensure that the information contained herein is accurate,
the Clean Technology Centre assumes no responsibility and disclaims all liability for any
injury or damage resulting from the use or effect of any product or information specified in
the publication. Anyone using this information assumes all liability arising from such use.

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GUIDELINES TO PAPER CLASSIFICATION TOOL

Printing This Document (IMPORTANT NOTE)


This tool should:
1. Be printed as a single sided document,
2. Be placed in a ring binder folder,
3. Have numbered dividers/tabs throughout the tool identifying the
appropriate paper tool tab numbers.

Introduction
Many waste generators find the task of classifying their waste as hazardous waste or
non-hazardous waste a complicated one. This tool was developed to simplify the
hazardous waste classification process.
This tool guides the waste generator through both Irish and EU legislation and allows
the waste to be classified as hazardous waste or non-hazardous waste in an orderly
and straightforward manner.
The paper tool is a 'handbook'. Only certain sections may be relevant to a
particular waste. Follow the instructions within the tool. Do not attempt to read
the tool like a novel!
If in doubt about the classification of your waste, consult the appropriate regulatory
authority for advice on whether this waste should be classified as a hazardous waste
or not. The following documentary evidence should be submitted to the regulatory
authority:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Guide to Using the Tool
Step 1: Collect Relevant Legislation/Appendices
Before you begin to use the tool you will need to gather a number of pieces of
legislation, which are referenced throughout the paper tool. You will need the
following appendices:
Appendix I

Waste Management Act, 1996 (No. 10 of 1996)

Appendix II

EPA document1 "European Waste Catalogue and Hazardous Waste


List - Valid from 1 January 2002"2

Available under 'Technical Information' on the EPA website (www.epa.ie) and from EPA
Publications
2
This document represents a consolidated version of the following legislation:
Commission Decision 2000/532/EC of 3 May 2000 replacing Decision 94/3/EC establishing a
list of wastes pursuant to Article 1(a) of Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste and Council
Decision 94/904/EC establishing a list of hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council
Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste.

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Mark the legislation with the correct Appendix number.


The legislation referenced in this document is correct as of 31st August 2004.
However, this legislation is constantly evolving. Please ensure that you reference the
most recent legislation. The EPA web site (www.epa.ie) will contain updates for this
tool which should be consulted by the user prior to assessment of your waste.
Note:
If property testing is required on your waste, the paper tool will direct you to a
number of European Directives. In order to conduct the tests, these Directives will
need to be gathered in addition to the legislation outlined above. This legislation is
not required elsewhere in the tool.
Step 2: Collect Worksheet
The paper tool includes a 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' (Effective from
1 January 2002). Photocopy this document. This document will be referenced
throughout the paper tool and provides a record of your decisions as you progress
through the tool. This worksheet should only be completed when instructed to do so
in the paper tool.
Step 3: Begin Classification
You are ready to begin classification of your waste. Before you begin ensure that you
have to hand:
1. Paper tool
2. Appendices containing relevant legislation
3. 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' (Revised 31st August 2004)
Turn to Tab No. 1 of the paper tool and follow the instructions provided on each Tab.
Record information of the worksheet where instructed to do so. Refer to the relevant
legislation/appendices as required.

Commission Decision 2001/118/EC of 16 January 2001 amending Decision 2000/532/EC as


regards the list of wastes.
Commission Decision 2001/119/EC of 22 January 2001 amending Decision 2000/532/EC
replacing Decision 94/3/EC establishing a list of wastes pursuant to Article 1(a) of Council
Directive 75/442/EEC on waste and Council Decision 94/904/EC establishing a list of
hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste.
Council Decision 2001/573/EC of 23 July 2001 amending Commission Decision 2000/532/EC
as regards the list of wastes.

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Revision History
Title

Latest Revision

No. Pages

Title Page

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Acknowledgements and Disclaimer

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Guidelines to Paper Classification Tool

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Revision History

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TAB NO. 1

Determining if your material is a waste


GUIDANCE

This tool has been developed to provide generators of waste with a procedure, based
on the most up to date standards and information available, for the identification and
categorisation of the hazardous components of waste.
This tool is for materials that are classified as a waste. If your material is not a waste,
then this tool is not applicable to you.
The definition of a waste according to the Waste Management Act 1996 is as follows:
waste means any substance or object belonging to a category of waste specified in
the First Schedule [to the Waste Management Act 1996] or for the time being
included in the European Waste Catalogue which the holder discards or intends or is
required to discard, and anything which is discarded or otherwise dealt with as if it
were waste shall be presumed to be waste until the contrary is proved.

QUESTION
Is your material a waste according to the First Schedule of the Waste Management
Act (Appendix I, Page 96 to 97)?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, your material is not a waste and this tool is not applicable, since it applies
only to the classification of waste.
 If yes, your material is a waste. This tool will help determine its classification.
Please complete Box A on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet'
with the company name, company address, current date, IPC or Waste License
Number (if applicable), contact person and a brief description of the waste.
Please turn to Tab No. 2 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of
the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet')

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TAB NO. 2

Assigning, if possible, an EWC code


GUIDANCE

The EWC (European Waste Catalogue) is a harmonised, non-exhaustive list of


wastes. The EWC codes reflect either the origin of the waste from a particular sector,
or the type of waste.
A specific production unit may need to classify its activities in several chapters of the
Catalogue. For instance, a car manufacturer may find its wastes listed in chapters 12
(wastes from shaping and surface treatment of metals), 11 (inorganic wastes
containing metals from metal treatment and the coating of metals) and 08 (wastes
from the use of coatings), depending on the different process steps.
Initially, examine chapters 01 to 12 and 17 to 20 (excluding -- -- 99 codes). It is
important to look at ALL the chapters 01 to 12 and 17 to 20, as the most applicable
code may not be the first one you find. If you fail to find an appropriate code, extend
the examination to chapters 13, 14 and 15 (excluding -- -- 99 codes). Again, if you do
not succeed with these three chapters, extend the examination to chapter 16
(excluding -- -- 99 codes). Only if you have still been unsuccessful should you
consider assigning a code ending in 99 (wastes not otherwise specified). Return to the
chapters in the same sequence and seek a code.
Please review the Catalogue's chapters, strictly in the following order:
Chapter
01 - 12 (excluding -- -- 99 codes)
17 - 20 (excluding -- -- 99 codes)
13, 14, 15 (excluding -- -- 99 codes)
16 (excluding -- -- 99 codes)
Codes ending in 99 (wastes not otherwise
specified), examined in the order:
01 - 12; 17 - 20
13, 14, 15
16

Location in Appendix II
Pages 12 -30
Pages 35 - 43
Pages 30 - 32
Pages 32 - 35
Pages 12 - 43

If you are in any doubt about the steps to be taken in assigning an EWC code to your
waste, refer to the definitive text in the Introduction of the European Waste Catalogue
(Appendix II Pages 9-10).
As you go through the chapters, enter possibilities for the code into Box B on the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet'. Where there is an asterisk, *, marked
next to the code, please indicate in Box B.
If you have any doubts as to which is the most suitable code for your waste, consult
the appropriate regulatory body. Note it may still not be possible to select any code
for your waste.

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Mirror Entries
Certain wastes have mirror entries: a particular waste that contains a dangerous
substance(s) is given one code and classified as a hazardous waste, while the same
waste that does not contain any dangerous substances is given another code and not
classified as a hazardous waste. For example:
soil and stones containing dangerous substances is given the code 17 05 03*,where
the asterisk indicates it is on the hazardous waste list. However, soil and stones other
than those mentioned in 17 05 03 is given the code 17 05 04, and is not on the
hazardous waste list.
If you know your waste DOES contain dangerous substances, choose the appropriate
code and proceed. If you know your waste DOES NOT contain dangerous
substances, choose the appropriate code and proceed.
However, if your waste could fall into either one of these mirror entries, and you are
unsure if it contains a dangerous substance(s) or not, proceed as follows:


note the EWC code which is marked with an asterisk, i.e. the one containing
dangerous substances, into Box C, and EWC Description in Box D, and the other
EWC code into Box C1, and EWC Description in Box D1.

proceed with the classification of your waste based on the EWC code which is
marked with an asterisk, i.e. the one containing dangerous substances. The
applicable code will be determined later in this tool.

Packaging Waste
Separately collected packaging waste (including mixtures of different packaging
materials) shall be classified under 15 01 packaging (including separately collected
municipal packaging waste), not under 20 01 municipal wastes - separately
collected fractions.

QUESTION
Have you successfully identified an EWC code from chapters 01 to 20?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, you must consult the appropriate regulatory body for advice on assigning a
code. You cannot progress further with the classification of your waste until a
code is assigned.
 If yes, note the most appropriate EWC code in Box C and EWC Description in
Box D on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet'. Turn to Tab No. 3 and
record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, and you are unsure which code of a mirror entry applies to your waste, note
the EWC code marked with an asterisk, into Box C, and EWC Description in Box
D, and the other EWC code into Box C1, and EWC Description in Box D1. Turn
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to Tab No. 3 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 3

Determining if your waste is on the


Hazardous Waste List (HWL)
GUIDANCE

Any waste marked with an asterisk (*) in the European Waste Catalogue (Appendix
II) is classified as a hazardous waste.
At this point in the classification you should have chosen an EWC code for your
waste, which is either:

A single entry with an asterisk (classified as hazardous waste)

A single entry without an asterisk (classified as non-hazardous waste)

A mirror entry and you are unsure which code of the mirror entry applies to your
waste. If this is the case, please proceed with the EWC code marked with an
asterisk (*) in Box C, i.e. as if the waste was on the HWL and so is classified as a
hazardous waste. The applicable code MAY be determined later in this tool.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
 If you have chosen a mirror entry and you are unsure which code of the mirror
entry applies to your waste, please  Mirror Entry on Box E. You will be
required to examine in detail the constituents and/or the properties of your waste.
It may involve some analysis and testing of the waste. Upon completion of the
procedure, you may submit all of the information gathered to the appropriate
regulatory authority for a decision on whether your waste should be classified as
hazardous waste or not. Turn to Tab No. 4 and record this tab number in Box N
(at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If you have chosen a single entry without an asterisk next to it, your waste is not
classified as hazardous waste based on the answers you have supplied. Please 
No on Box E. Put the EWC code from Box C and description from Box D into
Boxes L and M respectively. This is your final EWC code. You are now finished.
 If you have chosen a single entry with an asterisk next to it, your waste is
classified as a hazardous waste based on the answers you have supplied. Please
 Yes in Box E. Put the EWC code from Box C and description from Box D
into Boxes L and M respectively. This is your final EWC code.
If you do not agree that your waste should be classified as hazardous waste, you
have the option to demonstrate that your waste does not display the properties of
hazardous waste. According to Article 3 of Commission Decision 2000/532/EC
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Member States may decide, in exceptional cases, on the basis of documentary


evidence provided in an appropriate way by the holder, that a specific waste
indicated in the list as being hazardous does not display any of the properties
listed in Annex III to Directive 91/689/EEC".

If you wish to proceed with this option, turn to Tab No. 4 and record this tab
number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
This option requires you to examine in detail the constituents and/or the properties
of your waste. It may involve some analysis and testing of the waste. Upon
completion of the procedure, you may submit all of the information gathered to
the appropriate regulatory authority for a decision on whether your waste should
be classified as hazardous waste or not.

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TAB NO. 4

Determining if your hazardous waste is a


Category I waste/Category II waste (with
constituents)
GUIDANCE

You have decided to examine the properties of your waste in more detail. This tab is
designed to gather some basic information on the nature of your waste as set out in the
definition of hazardous waste. According to Section 4(2) of the Waste Management
Act 1996 (see Appendix I), hazardous waste means
(i) hazardous waste for the time being mentioned in the list prepared [the Hazardous
Waste List] pursuant to Article 1 (4) of Council Directive 91/689/EEC of 12th
December 1991 [the hazardous waste Directive] being either
(I) Category I waste that has any of the properties specified in Part III of the
Second Schedule, or
(II) Category II waste that
(A) contains any of the constituents specified in Part II of the Second
Schedule, and
(B) has any of the properties specified in Part III of the Second
Schedule,
(ii) such other waste, having any of the properties specified in Part III of the Second
Schedule, as may be prescribed for the purposes of this definition.
Category I wastes are listed in Box F, Category II wastes are listed in Box G and
Category II waste constituents are listed in Box H of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet'.

QUESTION
According to Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part I), is your waste listed as a Category
I Waste (Page 97 to 98) or Category II waste (with constituents)(Page 98 to 100)?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If your waste is a Category I waste, please  the category in Box F of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet'which applies to the waste and turn to
Tab No. 5 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If your waste is identified as a Category II waste,
Please  the category in Box G of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet' which applies to the waste (Note: The last waste identified is 'Any

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Other Waste'. Therefore if you do not find your waste in any of the other
categories within Category II, you must classify it as 'Any Other Waste') and
Please  the constituents which apply to your waste in Box H of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet'.
Turn to Tab No. 5 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 5

Determining the route to classify your waste


GUIDANCE

For your waste to be classified as hazardous waste, it must exhibit at least one of the
properties of waste which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)):


Explosive

Corrosive

Oxidising

Infectious

Flammable

Toxic for Reproduction

Irritant

Mutagenic

Harmful

Ecotoxic

Toxic

Residuary hazardous property

 Carcinogenic
In order to establish if your waste exhibits any of the properties of waste which
render it hazardous, this tool will first draw on any existing information that you
possess for the waste. This includes:
1. results from property testing conducted on the waste,
 for example using results from flammability testing, ecotoxicity testing or
any other property testing which was conducted on the waste
2. results from waste composition testing conducted on the waste,
 for example using results from composition analysis (GCMS analysis etc.)
which determines what components are present in the waste and at what
levels/concentrations they are present at.
Such existing information MAY be sufficient to classify your waste. In the event that
existing information is NOT sufficient to classify your waste, the tool will then guide
you to perform waste analysis for composition, or through test methods for the
properties of waste which render it hazardous.

QUESTION
None

No test methods available for this property

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INSTRUCTIONS
It is CRUCIAL to follow instructions for the FIRST APPLICABLE item
 If you have information on the waste for ALL PROPERTIES of waste which
render it hazardous as per Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to
102)) for your waste as a whole, turn to Tab No. 6 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If you have information on the waste for SOME PROPERTIES of waste which
render it hazardous as per Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to
102)) for your waste as a whole, turn to Tab No. 8 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If you know the FULL COMPOSITION of the waste, turn to Tab No. 10 and
record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If you know the PARTIAL COMPOSITION of the waste, turn to Tab No. 15 and
record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If you know NONE of the above, turn to Tab No. 21 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 6

Classifying your waste based on ALL


PROPERTIES of the waste AS A WHOLE
GUIDANCE

You have been directed here since you have information on the waste for ALL
PROPERTIES of waste which render it hazardous as per Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)) of the waste AS A WHOLE.
Note: It is important to stress at this point that ALL the properties of waste which
render it hazardous in Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102))
should have been considered before the question below is answered. If you are of the
opinion that not all properties of the waste which render it hazardous have been
addressed, you should go to Tab No. 8 and record this tab number in Box N (at the
back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
It is possible, based on this knowledge, to determine a classification for your waste.
Complete Box I with the titles of the various tests that were conducted on the waste
and the associated results.
Before proceeding with the waste classification, you must ensure that the property test
methods that have been conducted on your waste conform to the test methods outlined
in Annex V of Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments. These tests are listed in
Tab No. 29 (record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet')) and then return to this tab.
You may need to reference the listed legislation to ensure the same test methods were
used on your waste as those specified in Annex V. Once the correct test has been
identified from Annex V for each property of the waste, insert the test code into the
'Test Code' column of Box I, for example A5.

QUESTION
Have you information on the waste for ALL the properties of your waste which
render it hazardous in accordance with Annex V of 67/548/EEC and its amendments?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 7 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If no, turn to Tab No. 9 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 7

Waste Classification
GUIDANCE

The test method results listed in Box I must now be compared to Annex VI of
Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments in order to classify the waste. The most
recent amendments to Annex VI are listed in Tab No. 30 (record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet')). Do not
forget to return to this tab after referring to Tab No. 30. Annex VI is in a number of
parts including:
Classification on the Basis of Physico-Chemical Properties
Classification on the Basis of Toxicological Properties
Classification on the Basis of Specific Effects on Human Health
Classification on the Basis of Environmental Effects
Once the test results are compared to this Annex you may be able to classify your
waste with a hazard label and risk phrase, or alternatively determine that your waste
does not possess this property.
Once the waste has been classified from Annex VI for each property of the waste,
complete Box I by inserting the appropriate hazard label(s) and risk phrase(s), for
example hazard label of 'Corrosive (C)' with a risk phrase of 'R35 Causes severe
burns'.

QUESTION
Can your waste be classified according to Annex VI of 67/548/EEC and its
amendments with a hazard label and risk phrase for ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page
100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 24 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If no, turn to Tab No. 25 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 8

Classifying your waste based on SOME


PROPERTIES of the waste AS A WHOLE
GUIDANCE

You have been directed here since you have information on the waste for SOME
PROPERTIES of waste which render it hazardous as per Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)) of the waste AS A WHOLE.
It MAY be possible, based on this knowledge, to determine that your waste is
classified as hazardous waste. However, this knowledge will not be sufficient to
establish if your waste is not classified as a hazardous waste. The reason for this is
that ALL of the properties of waste which render it hazardous as listed in
Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)) must be checked for a
waste to be given the classification not classified as a hazardous waste.
Complete Box I with the titles of the various tests that were conducted on the waste
and the associated results.
Before proceeding with the waste classification, you must ensure that the property test
methods that have been conducted on your waste conform to the test methods outlined
in Annex V of Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments. These tests are listed in
Tab No. 29 (record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet')) and then return to this tab.
You may need to reference the listed legislation to ensure the same test methods were
used on your waste as those specified in Annex V. Once the correct test has been
identified from Annex V for each property of the waste, insert the test code into the
'Test Code' column of Box I, for example A5.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
Turn to Tab No. 9 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 9

Waste Classification
GUIDANCE

The test method results listed in Box I must now be compared to Annex VI of
Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments in order to classify the waste. The most
recent amendments to Annex VI are listed in Tab No. 30 (record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet')). Do not
forget to return to this tab after referring to Tab No. 30. Annex VI is in a number of
parts including:
Classification on the Basis of Physico-Chemical Properties
Classification on the Basis of Toxicological Properties
Classification on the Basis of Specific Effects on Human Health
Classification on the Basis of Environmental Effects
Once the test results are compared to this Annex you may be able to classify your
waste with a hazard label and risk phrase, or alternatively determine that your waste
does not possess this property.
Once the waste has been classified from Annex VI for each property of the waste,
complete Box I by inserting the appropriate hazard label(s) and risk phrase(s), for
example hazard label of 'Corrosive (C)' with a risk phrase of 'R35 Causes severe
burns'.

QUESTION
Can your waste be classified according to Annex VI of 67/548/EEC and its
amendments with a hazard label and risk phrase for ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page
100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, you must undertake further steps in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab
No. 20 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 24 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

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TAB NO. 10

Classifying waste based on FULL


COMPOSITION identifying component
properties
GUIDANCE

You have been directed here since you know the FULL COMPOSITION of the
waste.
Note: It is important to bear in mind that certain individual components at
concentrations as low as 0.1% may cause a waste to be classified as hazardous waste.
Therefore, if you feel that you do not have the full composition, you should go to Tab
No. 15 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
It is possible, based on this knowledge, to determine a classification for your waste.
Composition will be used to determine the waste properties, which will then be
assessed to determine the classification of the waste.
The first step involves completing Box J on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet' with the following data for each component of the waste. Guidance is
given as to where such data can be obtained.
Data Required

Data Sources

Individual Component or Substance Name


% Composition in Waste
Flash-Point of Substance (C)
European Hazard
European Risk phrases (R-phrases)
Is the substance carcinogenic? If so, what is
the carcinogen category of the substance?
Is the substance toxic for reproduction? If so,
what is the toxic for reproduction category of
the substance?
Is the substance mutagenic? If so, what is
the mutagenic category of the substance?

Waste analysis results/ Knowledge of waste


sources
Substance MSDS
Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC lists over
2,500 substances which have been classified
according to EU legislation. This Annex is
available on CD3. The CD is searchable for
substance and associated hazard labels and
risk phrases. This CD is updated
periodically. Additional sources of
information include suppliers, European
MSDSs and alternative European
classification literature.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
Once Box J is completed, turn to Tab No. 11 and record this tab number in Box N (at
the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

Available from the NCEC, F6 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 3ED, UK
Telephone 01235 463060 Fax 01235 463070 Website www.the-ncec.com

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Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 11

Classifying waste based on FULL


COMPOSITION (continued) summing
component properties
GUIDANCE

The second step in determining the properties of the waste using full composition
involves combining the information from Box J on the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet' into a new format. This involves summing like properties of
components, where relevant, to determine the overall properties of the waste.
 For each listed property in Box K, identify the components in Box J that share this
same property, for example very toxic.
 For each of these properties, sum the % composition and transfer the information
into Box K on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' under the headings
provided. For example, if two components (12% and 22% composition
respectively) are both very toxic then transfer 34% into Column 'Total % in
Waste' next to Very Toxic in Box K.
 Repeat this for all properties listed in Box J (except flammability).
 Ensure that all the properties have been transferred correctly into Box K.
 If one or more components of your waste is known or suspected to be flammable
(having a flash point < 55C) than the waste should be tested for flammability, in
accordance with the test methods outlined in Annex V of 67/548/EEC and its
amendments. Refer to Tab No. 29 for these tests and associated legislation
(record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet')). Return to this Tab.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
Once Box K on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' has been completed
turn to Tab No. 12 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 12

Classifying waste based on FULL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to properties with thresholds
GUIDANCE

In both EU and Irish legislation, hazardous wastes must display one or more of the
properties of waste which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)).
A number, but not all, of these properties of waste which render it hazardous have
been assigned thresholds, above which a waste is classified as a hazardous waste.
The tool will first compare the summed component properties of your waste with
such properties that have thresholds. If these properties are not applicable, or if the
components of your waste are below such thresholds, the remaining non-threshold
properties of waste which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)) will be assessed against your waste.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
With reference to Box K1, compare the sum of the components of your waste with
ALL the thresholds for ALL the properties in the European Waste Catalogue
(Appendix II, Article 2).
 If your waste does not display ANY of these properties, further steps are necessary
in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab No. 13 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If your waste does display ANY of these properties of waste which render it
hazardous, but does not exceed the relevant thresholds, further steps are necessary
in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab No. 14 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If your waste exceeds AT LEAST ONE threshold, turn to Tab No. 24 and record
this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 13

Classifying waste based on FULL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to non-threshold properties
GUIDANCE

Since your waste did not possess any of the properties with thresholds, comparison
will now be made against remaining properties that do not have any thresholds. These
properties have yet to be assigned a threshold under European legislation.

QUESTION
With reference to Box K2, does your waste have ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous which do not have a threshold in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, turn to Tab No. 25 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 26 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 14

Classifying waste based on FULL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to non-threshold properties
GUIDANCE

Since your waste did possess at least one of the properties of waste which render it
hazardous with thresholds, but did not exceed any of these thresholds, comparison
will now be made against remaining properties of waste which render it hazardous
that do not have any thresholds. These properties (Box K2) have yet to be assigned a
threshold under European legislation.

QUESTION
With reference to Box K2, does your waste have ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous which do not have a threshold in Appendix I under the
Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, turn to Tab No. 27 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 28 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 15

Classifying waste based on PARTIAL


COMPOSITION
identifying component properties
GUIDANCE

You have been directed here since you know PARTIAL COMPOSITION of the
waste.
Your knowledge of the composition of the waste will be utilised to determine the
properties of the waste. These properties will be assessed to determine, if possible,
the classification of the waste. Classification may not be possible with partial
composition. In such an event, you will be directed to perform further composition
analysis or tests for properties.
The first step involves completing Box J on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet' with the following data for each component of the waste. Guidance is
given as to where such data can be obtained.
Data Required

Data Sources

Individual Component or Substance Name


% Composition in Waste
Flash-Point of Substance (C)
European Hazard
European Risk phrases (R-phrases)
Is the substance carcinogenic? If so, what is
the carcinogen category of the substance?
Is the substance toxic for reproduction? If so,
what is the toxic for reproduction category of
the substance?
Is the substance mutagenic? If so, what is
the mutagenic category of the substance?

Waste analysis results/ Knowledge of waste


sources
Substance MSDS
Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC lists over
2,500 substances which have been classified
according to EU legislation. This Annex is
available on CD4. The CD is searchable for
substance and associated hazard labels and
risk phrases. This CD is updated
periodically. Additional sources of
information include suppliers, European
MSDSs and alternative European
classification literature.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS


Once Box J is completed turn to Tab No. 16 and record this tab number in Box N
(at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

Available from the NCEC, F6 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 3ED, UK
Telephone 01235 463060 Fax 01235 463070 Website www.the-ncec.com

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 16

Classifying waste based on PARTIAL


COMPOSITION (continued) summing
component properties
GUIDANCE

The second step in determining the properties of the waste using partial composition
involves combining the information from Box J on the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet' into a new format. This involves summing like properties
of components, where relevant, to determine the overall properties of the waste.
 For each listed property in Box K, identify the components in Box J that share this
same property, for example very toxic.
 For each of these properties, sum the % composition and transfer the information
into Box K on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' under the headings
provided. For example, if two components (12% and 22% composition
respectively) are both very toxic then transfer 34% into Column 'Total % in
Waste' next to Very Toxic in Box K.
 Repeat this for all properties listed in Box J (except flammability).
 Ensure that all the properties have been transferred correctly into Box K.
 If one or more components of your waste is known or suspected to be flammable
(having a flash point < 55C) than the waste should be tested for flammability, in
accordance with the test methods outlined in Annex V of 67/548/EEC and its
amendments. Refer to Tab No. 29 for these tests and associated legislation
(record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet'). Return to this Tab.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
Once Box K on the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet' has been completed
turn to Tab No. 17. Record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 17

Classifying waste based on PARTIAL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to properties with thresholds
GUIDANCE

In both EU and Irish legislation, hazardous wastes must display one or more of the
properties of waste which render it hazardous as listed in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)).
A number, but not all, of these properties of waste which render it hazardous have
been assigned thresholds, above which a waste is classified as a hazardous waste.
The tool will first compare the summed component properties of your waste with such
properties that have thresholds. If these properties are not applicable, or if the
components of your waste are below such thresholds, the remaining non-threshold
properties listed in Appendix I (Second Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102)) will be
assessed against your waste.
If necessary, you will then be directed for further component analysis or property
testing.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
With reference to Box K1, compare the sum of the components of your waste with
ALL the thresholds for ALL the properties in the European Waste Catalogue
(Appendix II, Article 2).
 If your waste does not display ANY of these properties, further steps are necessary
in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab No. 18 and record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If your waste does display ANY of these properties, but does not exceed ANY of
the thresholds, further steps are necessary in order to classify your waste. Turn to
Tab No. 19 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous
Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If your waste exceeds AT LEAST ONE threshold, turn to Tab No. 24 and record
this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 18

Classifying waste based on PARTIAL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to non-threshold properties
GUIDANCE

Since your waste did not possess any of the properties of the waste which render it
hazardous with thresholds, comparison will now be made against remaining
properties that do not have any thresholds. These properties have yet to be assigned a
threshold under European legislation.
After this comparison, you will be directed for further component analysis or
property testing, if necessary.

QUESTION
With reference to Box K2, does your waste have ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous and which do not have a threshold in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, further steps are necessary in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab No.
20 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 26 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 19

Classifying waste based on PARTIAL


COMPOSITION (continued) comparing
waste to non-threshold properties
GUIDANCE

Since your waste did possess at least one of the properties with thresholds, but did not
exceed any of these thresholds, comparison will now be made against remaining
properties that do not have any thresholds. These properties (Box K2) have yet to be
assigned a threshold under European legislation.

QUESTION
With reference to Box K2, does your waste have ANY of the properties of waste
which render it hazardous and which do not have a threshold in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If no, you must undertake further steps in order to classify your waste. Turn to Tab
No. 20 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, turn to Tab No. 28 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the
'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 20

Choosing component or property analysis


GUIDANCE

Further information is required before the waste can be classified as a hazardous


waste or not classified as a hazardous waste. Therefore, you must either:
- Analyse for (additional) waste components
- Test for (additional) properties of the waste, i.e.


Explosive

Corrosive

Oxidising

Infectious

Flammable

Toxic for Reproduction

Irritant

Mutagenic

Harmful

Ecotoxic

Residuary hazardous property

 Toxic
 Carcinogenic

It may be advisable to consider analysing for components as a first option since this is
often easier than analysing for properties. However, there may be cases where
composition analysis is difficult in which case you may wish to consider testing for
properties. This is particularly true where one or more properties suggest themselves
from your knowledge of the waste and which are not likely to be difficult to obtain,
for example, flammability.
Bear in mind that if you follow the property route, in order to prove a waste is not a
hazardous waste you must test for ALL properties. It may be possible to infer
properties from information such as current scientific knowledge. Any such inference
that suggests a waste should not be classified as hazardous waste must be
communicated to the appropriate regulatory authority.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
 If you are going to analyse for components go to Tab No. 22 and record this tab
number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If you are going to test for properties go to Tab No. 23 and record this tab number
in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

No test methods available for this property

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 21

Choosing component or property analysis


GUIDANCE

You know neither the properties of the waste nor the waste composition. Further
information is required before the waste can be classified as a hazardous waste or not
classified as a hazardous waste. Therefore, you must either:
- Analyse for waste components
- Test for properties of the waste, i.e.


Explosive

Corrosive

Oxidising

Infectious

Flammable

Toxic for Reproduction

Irritant

Mutagenic

Harmful

Ecotoxic

Toxic

Residuary hazardous property

 Carcinogenic
It may be advisable to consider analysing for components as a first option since this is
often easier than analysing for properties. However, there may be cases where
composition analysis is difficult in which case you may wish to consider testing for
properties. This is particularly true where one or more properties suggest themselves
from your knowledge of the waste and which are not likely to be difficult to obtain,
for example, flammability.
Bear in mind that if you follow the property route, in order to prove a waste is not a
hazardous waste you must test for ALL properties. It may be possible to infer
properties from information such as current scientific knowledge. Any such inference
that suggests a waste should not be classified as hazardous waste must be
communicated to the appropriate regulatory authority.

QUESTION
None

INSTRUCTIONS
 If you are going to analyse for components go to Tab No. 22 and record this tab
number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If you are going to test for properties go to Tab No. 23 and record this tab number
in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

No test methods available for this property

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 22

Analysing for waste components


GUIDANCE

When analysing for waste components be aware of the thresholds which may render a
waste as hazardous waste. These thresholds are listed in Article 2 of the European
Waste Catalogue (Appendix II). If you are aware of the identity of the components
but not the composition you may be able to infer from scientific literature, MSDS etc.,
what the likely properties of these components are. Also from knowledge about the
origins of the waste you may be able to infer component levels in the waste. This can
be used as a guideline when choosing components for compositional analysis. If you
are unsure of what to test for, seek professional advice.

QUESTION
Have you analysed for some or all of your waste components?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, and you now have FULL COMPOSITION, you should be able to classify
your waste. For further information go to Tab No. 10 and record this tab number
in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, and you now have PARTIAL COMPOSITION, you MAY be able to
classify your waste. Go to Tab No. 15 and record this tab number in Box N (at the
back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').
 If no, you cannot proceed any further until analysis is carried out. Alternatively, if
you wish to test for properties go to Tab No. 23 and record this tab number in Box
N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 23

Testing for waste properties


GUIDANCE

In order to determine which property you are going to test for, proceed as follows:
1. Choose the property to be tested with regard to those you consider most likely to
be relevant to your waste from the following:
 Corrosive
 Explosive


Oxidising

Infectious

Flammable

Toxic for Reproduction

Irritant

Mutagenic

Harmful

Ecotoxic

Residuary hazardous property

 Toxic
 Carcinogenic

2. View the list of tests for that property in Tab No. 29 (record this tab number in
Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet') and then
return to this tab.
3. Consult with the body responsible for testing your waste for this property in order
to choose the most appropriate test
4. Refer to the most appropriate test methods as listed in the relevant legislation in
Tab No. 29 and then return to this tab.
5. Conduct test and complete Box I with the test title, result and test code.

QUESTION
Have you tested the waste for at least one of the properties in Appendix I (Second
Schedule, Part III (Page 100 to 102))?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, and you have now tested for ALL properties of the waste, go to Tab No. 7
and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If yes, but you have information on only SOME properties of the waste, go to Tab
No. 9 and record this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste
Classification Worksheet').
 If no, you cannot proceed any further until property testing is carried out.
Alternatively, if you wish to analyse for components go to Tab No. 22 and record

No test methods available for this property

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

this tab number in Box N (at the back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification
Worksheet').

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 24

Final Classification
(and EWC code confirmation)
GUIDANCE

Based on the answers you have supplied your waste DOES display a
property/number of properties of waste which render it hazardous and at a
threshold which classify it as a hazardous waste

QUESTION
When you assigned an EWC code (in Tab No. 2), were you unsure if your waste
contained dangerous substances, i.e. did you take note of the mirror entry in Box C1
and D1?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, your waste is classified as hazardous waste. Transfer the EWC code that
you noted in Box C (with the asterisk for 'containing dangerous substances'),
together with the waste description in Box D into Boxes L and M respectively.
You are now finished.
 If no, your waste is classified as hazardous waste. Transfer the EWC code
marked in Box C, together with the waste description in Box D into Boxes L and
M respectively. You are now finished.

Note:
The waste must now be classified according to the transport of waste legislation, for
example, the ADR Regulations for the transport of dangerous substances. In addition,
the waste must be processed in licensed or permitted facilities. Each of these
regulatory instruments will ensure that the waste is handled in such a manner as befits
its potential to cause public health or environmental pollution problems.

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 25

Final Classification
(and EWC code confirmation)
GUIDANCE

Based on the answers you have supplied your waste DOES NOT display any
properties of waste which render it hazardous

QUESTION
When you assigned an EWC code (in Tab No. 2), were you unsure if your waste
contained dangerous substances, i.e. did you take note of the mirror entry in Box C1
and D1?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, the regulatory authority must decide if the waste is not classified as a
hazardous waste. Submit the following documentary evidence to the regulatory
authority in order to determine if the waste may be handled as a non-hazardous
waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
You are now finished.
 If no, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code marked in Box C, together with the waste description in
Box D into Boxes L and M respectively. You are now finished.

Note:
This does not of course exclude the transport of the waste from, for example, the ADR
Regulations for the transport of dangerous substances. Nor does it exempt the waste
from the obligation that it be processed only in licensed or permitted facilities. Each
of these regulatory instruments will ensure that the waste is handled in such a manner
as befits its potential to cause public health or environmental pollution problems.

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 26

Final Classification
(and EWC code confirmation)
GUIDANCE

Based on the answers you have supplied your waste has a property/number of
properties of waste which render it hazardous which DO NOT have a threshold

QUESTION
When you assigned an EWC code (in Tab No. 2), were you unsure if your waste
contained dangerous substances, i.e. did you take note of the mirror entry in Box C1
and D1?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code that you noted in Box C (with the asterisk for 'containing
dangerous substances'), together with the waste description in Box D into Boxes L
and M respectively. You are now finished.
 If no, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code marked in Box C, together with the waste description in
Box D into Boxes L and M respectively. You are now finished.
Note:
This does not of course exclude the transport of the waste from, for example, the ADR
Regulations for the transport of dangerous substances. Nor does it exempt the waste
from the obligation that it be processed only in licensed or permitted facilities. Each
of these regulatory instruments will ensure that the waste is handled in such a manner
as befits its potential to cause public health or environmental pollution problems.

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 27

Final Classification
(and EWC code confirmation)
GUIDANCE

Based on the answers you have supplied your waste has a property/number of
properties of waste which render it hazardous which DO have a threshold, but
your waste is below such threshold(s)

QUESTION
When you assigned an EWC code (in Tab No. 2), were you unsure if your waste
contained dangerous substances, i.e. did you take note of the mirror entry in Box C1
and D1?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code that you noted in Box C (with the asterisk for 'containing
dangerous substances'), together with the waste description in D into Boxes L and
M respectively. You are now finished.
 If no, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code that you noted in Box C, together with the waste
description in D into Boxes L and M respectively. You are now finished.
Note:
This does not of course exclude the transport of the waste from, for example, the ADR
Regulations for the transport of dangerous substances. Nor does it exempt the waste
from the obligation that it be processed only in licensed or permitted facilities. Each
of these regulatory instruments will ensure that the waste is handled in such a manner
as befits its potential to cause public health or environmental pollution problems.

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

TAB NO. 28

Final Classification
(and EWC code confirmation)
GUIDANCE

Based on the answers you have supplied your waste has a property/number of
properties of waste which render it hazardous which DO have a threshold, but
is below this threshold. In addition, your waste has a property/number of
properties of waste which render it hazardous which DO NOT have a threshold

QUESTION
When you assigned an EWC code (in Tab No. 2), were you unsure if your waste
contained dangerous substances, i.e. did you take note of the mirror entry in Box C1
and D1?

INSTRUCTIONS
 If yes, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code that you noted in Box C (with the asterisk for 'containing
dangerous substances'), together with the waste description in Box D into Boxes L
and M respectively. You are now finished.
 If no, you must classify the waste as hazardous waste OR submit the following
documentary evidence to the regulatory authority in order to determine if the
waste may be handled as a non-hazardous waste:
i.
completed worksheet
ii.
copies of original laboratory results records (if applicable)
iii.
information on what decision or advice is being sought
Transfer the EWC code marked in Box C, together with the waste description in
Box D into Boxes L and M respectively. You are now finished.
Note:
This does not of course exclude the transport of the waste from, for example, the ADR
Regulations for the transport of dangerous substances. Nor does it exempt the waste
from the obligation that it be processed only in licensed or permitted facilities. Each
of these regulatory instruments will ensure that the waste is handled in such a manner
as befits its potential to cause public health or environmental pollution problems.

15th May 2001

Clean Technology Centre

Guide to Annex V of 67/548/EEC


Test Methods For The Determination of
Properties

TAB NO. 29

GUIDANCE
Annex V of Directive 67/548/EEC and its subsequent amendments are concerned with
test methods for the determination of physicochemical properties (Part A),
toxicological properties (Part B) and ecotoxicological properties (Part C). Annex V
has been amended several times. The information provided in this tab includes all
amendments to Directive 67/548/EEC up to and including Directive 2001/59/EC in
relation to Annex V. The EPA web site (www.epa.ie) will contain updates for this tab
which should be consulted by the user prior to conducting the test methods outlined.
Note:
There is also a general introduction to Part B and Part C. This may be useful if
conducting tests in these parts. These have been amended several times and references
to the most recent legislation are provided in the following tables.
General Introduction: Part B

General introduction: Part C

Directive 84/449/EEC,
Directive 92/69/EEC,
Directive 96/54/EC
Directive 87/302/EEC,
Directive 92/69/EEC,
Directive 2000/32/EC

PROPERTY
Explosive

CODE
A. 14.

TITLE
Explosive Properties

LEGISLATION
Directive 92/69/EEC

Oxidizing

A. 17.

Oxidizing Properties (Solids)

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 21.

Oxidizing Properties (Liquids)

Directive 2004/73/EC

A. 2.

Boiling Temperature

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 9.

Flash Point

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 10.

Flammability (Solids)

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 11.

Flammability (Gases)

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 15.

Auto-Ignition Temperature (Liquids


And Gases)

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 16.

Relative Self-Ignition Temperature


For Solids

Directive 92/69/EEC

Flammable

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

PROPERTY
Irritant &
Corrosive

Harmful &
Toxic

31st August 2004

CODE
B. 4.

TITLE
Acute Toxicity: Dermal
Irritation/Corrosion

LEGISLATION
Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 5.

Acute Toxicity (Eye Irritation)

Directive 92/69/EEC

B. 40.

Skin Corrosion

Directive 2000/33/EC

B. 1bis

Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose


Procedure

Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 1tris

Acute Oral Toxicity - Acute Toxic


Class Method

Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 2.

Acute Toxicity (Inhalation)

Directive 92/69/EEC &


Directive 93/21/EC

B. 3.

Acute Toxicity (Dermal)

Directive 92/69/EEC

B. 4.

Acute Toxicity: Dermal


Irritation/Corrosion

Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 5.

Acute Toxicity: Eye


Irritation/Corrosion

Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 7.

Repeated Dose (28 Days) Toxicity


(Oral)

Directive 96/54/EC

B. 8.

Repeated Dose (28 Days) Toxicity


(Inhalation)

Directive 92/69/EEC

B. 9.

Repeated Dose (28 Days) Toxicity


(Dermal)

Directive 92/69/EEC

B.26.

Subchronic Oral Toxicity Test:


Repeated Dose 90-Day Oral
Toxicity Study in Rodents

Directive 2001/59/EC

B.27.

Subchronic Oral Toxicity Test:


Repeated Dose 90-Day Oral
Toxicity Study in Non-Rodents

Directive 2001/59/EC

B.28.

Sub-Chronic Dermal Toxicity


Study: 90-Day Repeated Dermal
Dose Study Using Rodent Species

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.29.

Sub-Chronic Inhalation Toxicity


Study: 90-Day Repeated Inhalation
Dose Study Using Rodent Species

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.30.

Chronic Toxicity Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.33.

Combined Chronic
Toxicity/Carcinogenicity Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

Clean Technology Centre

PROPERTY
Harmful &
Toxic (continued)

Carcinogenic

CODE
B.37

TITLE
Delayed Neurotoxicity Of
Organophosphorus Substances
Following Acute Exposure

LEGISLATION
Directive 96/54/EC

B.38

Delayed Neurotoxicity Of
Organophosphorus Substances 28Day Repeated Dose Study

Directive 96/54/EC

B. 41.

Phototoxicity - In Vitro 3T3 NRU


Phototoxicity Test

Directive 2000/33/EC &


Directive 2001/59/EC

B.32.

Carcinogenicity Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.33.

Combined Chronic
Toxicity/Carcinogenicity Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

Infectious
Toxic for
Reproduction

Mutagenic

No Test Methods Available For This Property


B.31.

Prenatal Developmental Toxicity


Study

Directive 2004/73/EC

B.34.

One-Generation Reproduction
Toxicity Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.35.

Two-Generation Reproduction
Toxicity Study

Directive 2004/73/EC

B. 10.

Mutagenicity - In Vitro Mammalian


Chromosome Aberration Test

Directive 2000/32/EC

B. 11.

Mutagenicity - In Vivo Mammalian


Bone Marrow Chromosome
Aberration Test

Directive 2000/32/EC

B. 12.

Mutagenicity - In Vivo
Mammalian Erythrocyte
Micronucleus Test

Directive 2000/32/EC

Mutagenicity - reverse mutation test


using bacteria

Directive 2000/32/EC &


Directive 2001/59/EC

B.15.

Gene Mutation - Saccharomyces


cerevisiae

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.16.

Mitotic Recombination Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Directive 87/302/EEC

B. 17.

Mutagenicity - In Vitro Mammalian


Cell Gene Mutation Test

Directive 2000/32/EC

B.18.

DNA Damage And RepairUnscheduled DNA SynthesisMammalian Cells In Vitro

Directive 87/302/EEC

B. 13/14

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

PROPERTY
Mutagenic
(continued)

Ecotoxic

31st August 2004

CODE
B.19.

TITLE
Sister Chromatid Exchange Assay
In Vitro

LEGISLATION
Directive 87/302/EEC

B.20.

Sex-Linked Recessive Lethal Test


In Drosophila melanogaster

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.21.

In Vitro Mammalian Cell


Transformation Tests

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.22.

Rodent Dominant Lethal Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

B. 23.

Mammalian Spermatogonial
Chromosome Aberration Test

Directive 2000/32/EC

B.24.

Mouse Spot Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.25.

Mouse Heritable Translocation

Directive 87/302/EEC

B. 39.

Unscheduled DNA Synthesis


(UDS) Test With Mammalian Liver
Cells In Vivo

Directive 2000/32/EC

A. 8.

Partition Coefficient

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 1.

Acute Toxicity For Fish

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 2.

Acute Toxicity For Daphnia

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 3.

Algal Inhibition Test

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 4.

Determination Of 'Ready'
Biodegradability
C.4-A: Dissolved Organic Carbon
(DOC) Die-Away Test
C.4-B: Modified OECD Screening
Test
C.4-C: Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Evolution Test
C.4-D: Manometric Respirometry
Test
C.4-E: Closed Bottle Test
C.4-F: MITI (Ministry Of
International Trade & IndustryJapan) Test

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 5.

Degradation Biochemical Oxygen


Demand

Directive 92/69/EEC

C. 6.

Degradation Chemical Oxygen


Demand

Directive 92/69/EEC

Clean Technology Centre

PROPERTY
Ecotoxic
(continued)

CODE
C. 7.

C. 8.

31st August 2004

TITLE
Degradation Abiotic Degradation:
Hydrolysis As A Function Of pH

LEGISLATION
Directive 92/69/EEC

Toxicity For Earthworms: Artificial


Soil Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

C. 9.

Biodegradation - Zahn -Wellens


Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

C. 10.

Biodegradation - Activated Sludge


Simulation Tests

Directive 87/302/EEC

C. 11.

Biodegradation - Activated Sludge


Respiration Inhibition Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

C. 12.

Biodegradation - Modified SCAS


Test

Directive 87/302/EEC

C. 13.

Bioconcentration: Flow-Through
Fish Test

Directive 98/73/EC

C.14.

Fish Juvenile Growth Test

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.15.

Fish, Short-Term Toxicity Test on


Embryo and Sac-Fry Stages

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.16.

Honeybees - Acute Oral Toxicity


Test

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.17.

Honeybees - Acute Contact


Toxicity Test

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.18.

Adsorption/Desorption Using A
Batch Equilibrium Method

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.19.

Estimation of the Adsorption


Coefficient (Koc) on Soil and on
Sewage Sludge Using High
Performance Liquid
Chromatography (HPLC)

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.20.

Daphnia magna Reproduction Test

Directive 2001/59/EC

C.21.

Soil Micro-Organisms: Nitrogen


Transformation Test

Directive 2004/73/EC

C.22.

Soil Micro-Organisms: Carbon


Transformation Test

Directive 2004/73/EC

C.23.

Aerobic and Anaerobic


Transformation in Soil

Directive 2004/73/EC

C.24.

Aerobic and Anaerobic


Transformation in Aquatic
Sediment Systems

Directive 2004/73/EC

Clean Technology Centre

Residuary
Hazardous
Property (a)

Residuary
Hazardous
Property (b)

A. 12.

Flammability (Contact With Water)

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 13.

Pyrophoric Properties of Solids and


Liquids

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 20.

Solution/Extraction Behaviour of
Polymers in Water

Directive 98/73/EC

Tests, other than those listed above may be referenced. The most recent tests are
provided in the following tables:
CODE
A. 1.

TITLE
Melting/Freezing Temperature

LEGISLATION
Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 3.

Relative Density

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 4.

Vapour Pressure

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 5.

Surface Tension

Directive 92/69/EEC

A. 6.

Water Solubility

Directive 92/69/EEC

A.18.

Number-Average Molecular Weight And


Molecular Weight Distribution Of Polymers

Directive 98/73/EC

A.19

Low Molecular Weight Content Of Polymers

Directive 98/73/EC

B. 6.

Skin Sensitisation

Directive 96/54/EC

B.36.

Toxicokinetics

Directive 87/302/EEC

B.42.

Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay

Directive 2004/73/EC

B.43.

Neurotoxicity Study in Rodents

Directive 2004/73/EC

INSTRUCTIONS
Return to the Tab you were previously at and record this tab number in Box N (at the
back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

31st August 2004

Clean Technology Centre

Guide To Annex VI of 67/548/EEC


General Classification Requirements

TAB NO. 30

GUIDANCE
Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC and its subsequent amendments are concerned
with general classification and labelling requirements for dangerous substances and
preparations. Annex VI has been amended several times. The information provided
in this tab includes all amendments to Directive 67/548/EEC up to and including
Directive 2001/59/EC in relation to Annex VI. The EPA web site (www.epa.ie) will
contain updates for this tab which should be consulted by the user prior to classifying
the waste.
SECTIONS
1 General Introduction
2

LEGISLATION
Directive 2001/59/EC

Classification on the Basis of Physico-Chemical


Properties

3 Classification on the Basis of Toxicological Properties

Directive 2001/59/EC
Directive 2001/59/EC

Classification on the Basis of Specific Effects on


Human Health

Directive 2001/59/EC

5 Classification on the Basis of Environmental Effects

Directive 2001/59/EC

6 Choice of Safety Advice Phrases

Directive 2001/59/EC

7 Labelling

Directive 2001/59/EC

8 Special Cases (Substances)

Directive 2001/59/EC

9 Special Cases (Preparations)

Directive 2001/59/EC

For some properties, for example toxicity and ecotoxicity, the Directive provides
thresholds that must be interpreted according to the provisions of the Directive in
order to classify the waste. This level of referencing is too extensive to include in this
tool.

INSTRUCTIONS
Return to the Tab you were previously at and record this tab number in Box N (at the
back of the 'Hazardous Waste Classification Worksheet').

20th March 2002

Clean Technology Centre