CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
PROBLEMS
4 mA
2 mA
3 k
4 mA
4 k
6 mA
V1
3 k
2 k
I1
Figure P3.1
2 k
4 mA
Figure P3.4
3.5 Find V1 and V2 in the circuit in Fig. P3.5 using nodal
analysis.
6 mA
6 mA
12 k
6 k
4 k
4 k
I1
V1
4 mA
Figure P3.2
4 k
V2
6 k
3 k
6 k
Figure P3.5
3.3 Find Io in the circuit in Fig. P3.3.
6 mA
2 k
2 mA
1 k
V1
V2
6 k
4 mA
3 k
2 mA
12 mA
Io
Figure P3.3
3 k
2 k
6 k
+
1 k
Vo

Figure P3.6
PROBLEMS
2 k
2 mA
4 mA
1 k
2 k
6 mA
4 mA
4 k
2 k
Figure P3.7
4 k
6 mA
12 k
Io
4 mA
Figure P3.11
2 k
2 mA
1 k
6 mA
1 k
Io
Figure P3.8
Vo
6 k
4 mA
2 k
1 k
2 mA
12 V
Io
12 k
6 k
6V
6 mA
Figure P3.12
2 k
Figure P3.9
3.10 Find Io in the circuit in Fig. P3.10 using nodal analysis.
8 k
1 k
2 mA
2 k
2 k
2 k
1 mA
3 k
1 k
6 k
Io
Figure P3.10
12 V
1 k
Vo
Figure P3.13
141
142
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
4 k
2 k
+
+
12 V
2 mA
Vo
2 k
1 k
2 mA
Vo
2 k
2 k
Figure P3.14
12 V
1 k
Figure P3.18
1 k
1 k
Io
2 k
4 mA
2 mA
6V
12 V
Figure P3.15
2 k
Io
2 k
1 k
2 k
1 k
2 mA
1 k
Figure P3.19
12 V
2 mA
6V
Io
Figure P3.16
+
1 k
1 k
2 k
2 k
4 mA
+
2 k
4 mA
1 k
Vo
1 k
2 k
Vo
Figure P3.17
12 V
Figure P3.20
PROBLEMS
143
1 k
4V
2 k
2 k
2 k
12 V
+
4 mA
Vo
1 k
+

12 V
Figure P3.21
1 k
6V
Io
Figure P3.24
3.25 Use nodal analysis to solve for the node voltages in the
circuit in Fig. P3.25. Also calculate the power supplied
by the 2mA current source.
12 k
2 k
4V
6 k
4 k
2 k
12 V
+
4 mA
Vo
2 k
+

2 mA
12 V
24 V
Figure P3.25
Figure P3.22
1 k
0.5 S
2 k
12 V
2 k
Figure P3.23
1 k
V1
6V
V2
24 V
5 mA
V3
2S
0.5 S
Io
Figure P3.26
1S
3 mA
V4
+
12 V
144
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
3.27 Use nodal analysis to solve for the node voltages in the
circuit in Fig. P3.27. Also calculate the power supplied
by the 2mA current source.
2 mA
4 k
2 k
6V
12 V
2 k
1 k
+

2 k
2V
2 k
2 k
1 k
4V
1 k
4 k
12 V
8V
Vo
16 V
Figure P3.31
Figure P3.27
3.32 Find Io in the network in Fig. P3.32 using nodal analysis.
1 k
+
1 k
2 k
2 k
12 V
1 k
Vx
2 mA
2 Vx
Io
Figure P3.32
Vo
1 k
2 k
12 V
1 k
1 k
Figure P3.28
3.29 Use nodal analysis to find Vo in the circuit in Fig. P3.29.
2 k
6V
+
1 k
1 k
1 k
2 mA
12 V
Io
4 Ix
Vo

Figure P3.29
1 k
+
6 k
1 k
Figure P3.33
12 V
1 k
2 k
2 mA
1 k
4 mA
Ix
6 k
Figure P3.30
2 k
12 V
Vo

2 k
6 k
6 k
2 Vo
6 k
2 mA
1 k
Vo
Figure P3.34
145
PROBLEMS
analysis.
1 k
Ix
1 k
2 Vx
4 Ix
2 mA
+ Vx
12 V
1 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
Vo
1 k
6V
Io
Figure P3.38
Figure P3.35
+ 12 V
Ix
2 mA
2 Ix
1 k
1 k
Vo
1 k
1 k
1 k
Vo
1 k
1 k
12 V
2 Io
Figure P3.39
3.40 Use nodal analysis to find Vo in the circuit in
Io
Fig. P3.40.
12 V
Figure P3.36
Vo
1 k
+
4 Ix
Vx
1 k 2 mA
1 k
analysis.
Ix
2 Vx
Figure P3.40
3.41 Use nodal analysis to find Vo in the circuit in
Fig. P3.41.
4 mA
Io
1 k
1 k
4 Vx
2 mA
1 k
Vx
6V
6V
2 Vx
Vx
Figure P3.37
Figure P3.41
Vo
146
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
Fig. P3.42.
analysis.
4 mA
12 k
12 k
1 k
1 k
2 Vx
2 mA
1 k
Vx
1 k
Vo
12 k
Ix
12 V
4Ix
12 mA
1 k
Io
Figure P3.45
Figure P3.42
Vx
3.43 Use nodal analysis to find Vo in the circuit in
2 k
1 k
+
2Vx
1000
2 mA
Vo
1 k
Fig. P3.43.
Figure P3.46
2 Vx
+
12 V
1 k
1 k
1 k
+
+
4 mA
Vx
2 mA
1 k
1 k
Vo
+
2000Ix
12 k
Figure P3.43
6V
2 k
4 k
2 mA
4 k
Ix
Vo

Figure P3.47
3.44 Use nodal analysis to find Io in the circuit in Fig. P3.44.
3.48 Determine Vo in the network in Fig. P3.48 using nodal
V1
4 Ix
1 k
V2
1 k
+ Vx
6V
analysis.
1 k
1 k
Io
Ix
2 Vx
2Ix
2 mA
1 k
V3
Ix
1 k
1 k
2 mA
1 k
12 V
1 k
Vo

Figure P3.44
Figure P3.48
147
PROBLEMS
3.49 Use nodal analysis to find V1, V2, V3, and V4 in the
2Vx
V2
V1
VA
3A
3Ix
V1
4A
V3
10
V4
Ix
2 VA
3A
V2
Vx
V3
V4
12 V
4A
Figure P3.49
Figure P3.52
3.50 Use nodal analysis to determine the node voltages defined
in the circuit in Fig. P3.50.
V4
VA
6 k
12
2 VA
V2
V1
+
Io
V5
IA
12 V
5A
V3
6V
4 k
4 IA
Figure P3.50
2 k
24 V
Io
V5
Ix
V4
Vx
2 Ix
6V
3A
+ 0.5 Vx
2 k
Figure P3.54
V1
24 V
Figure P3.53
4 k
6 k
V2 6
3 k
V3
12 V
+
+
12 V
4 k
4 k
4 k
Vo

Figure P3.51
Figure P3.55
148
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
Fig. P3.60.
12 k
3V
6V
12 k
6 k
3 k
3V
12 V
2 k
6 k
2 mA
Io
Vo

Figure P3.60
Figure P3.56
4 k
6V
8 k
2 k
2 k
4 mA
2 k
4 k
1 k
2 k
+ 12 V
Vo
1 k
8V
6 k
6 mA
16 V
Figure P3.61
Figure P3.57
3.62 Find Vo in the circuit in Fig. P3.62 using loop analysis.
2 mA
4 mA
6V
1 k
12 V
Vo
1 k
+
1 k
6V
2 k
2 k
1 k
Vo
Figure P3.62
Figure P3.58
2 mA
2 k
2 mA
2 k
12 V
1 k
Vo
4 mA
2 k
Io
Figure P3.59
1 k
Figure P3.63
6V
PROBLEMS
2 mA
6 k
2 k
6 k
1 k
1 k
149
4 mA
6V
2 k
6 k
5 mA
6 k
Io
Figure P3.68
Io
Figure P3.64
3.65 Find Vo in the network in Fig. P3.65 using loop analysis.
+
2 k
6 mA
1 k
2 mA
6V
12 k
Vo
4V
4 mA
1 k
2 k
Figure P3.65
12 V
Vo
6 k
12 k
2 mA
Figure P3.69
Fig. P3.70.
+
1 k
2 k
2 k
4V
6 mA
4 mA
2 k
Vo
1 k
6V
1 k
6V
+
1 k
2 k
4 mA
12 V
Vo
1 k
Figure P3.70
Figure P3.66
3.67 Find Io in the network in Fig. P3.67 using loop analysis.
1 k
6V
12 V
1 k
1 k
1 k
6 mA
+

2 k
2 mA
6 k
Io
Figure P3.67
Figure P3.71
4 k
2 k
1 mA
2 k
150
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
1 k
4 mA
1 k
+

12 V
1 k
1 k
2 mA
12 V
1 k
1 k
1 k
Io
1 k
1 k
1 k
4 mA
1 k
2 mA
1 k
1 k
Io
1 k
Figure P3.76
Figure P3.72
3.73 Find Io in the circuit in Fig. P3.73 using loop analysis.
3.77 Find the mesh currents in the network in Fig. P3.77.
4 mA
1 k
2 k
6V
1 k
2 k
1 k
6 mA
Io
2 mA
1 k
2 mA
1 k
6V
+

Figure P3.73
3.74 Find Io in the network in Fig. P3.74 using loop analysis.
2 mA
1 k
I1
I2
2 k
2 k
+ 12 V
I5
1 k
1 k
I3
1 k
I4
Figure P3.77
1 k
6V
6 mA
Ix
12 V
4 mA
2 k
4 k
12 V
1 k
2 k
Io
2 k
2 Ix
Figure P3.74
3.75 Find Vo in the circuit in Fig. P3.75 using loop analysis.
4 mA
2 k
1 k
Vo
1 k
2 mA
Figure P3.75
Vo
6V
4V
2 mA
Figure P3.78
1 k
1 k
4 mA
2 k
Vo
12 V
1 k
2 k
Vo

Figure P3.79
151
PROBLEMS
analysis.
Ix
2 Ix
3 mA
10 k
+
10 k
Ix
Vo

Figure P3.80
10 k
4000Ix
+
10 k
4 mA
10 k
Vo

Figure P3.84
3.85 Find Io in the circuit in Fig. P3.85 using loop analysis.
2 Ix
3.81 Find the power supplied by the 2A current source in the
network in Fig. P3.81 using loop analysis.
Io
Ix
4
+

2Ix
10 V
6V
5
2A
1 k
1 k
2 k
2 mA
Ix
Figure P3.85
Figure P3.81
3.86. Use mesh analysis to find Vo in the circuit in
Fig. P3.86.
6 Vx
6 mA
8 k
4000Ix
2 k
2 k
4 k
12 k
Ix
Vx
12 k
12 mA
+
12 k
Vo
4 k
Io
Figure P3.86
Figure P3.82
1 k
1 k
Ix
Figure P3.83
1 k
Vo
2 k
4 k
1 k
12 V
Vx
4000
4 k
+
6 mA
Vx

Figure P3.87
Vo
4 k

152
CHAPTER 3
N O D A L A N D L O O P A N A LY S I S T E C H N I Q U E S
+
+
1 k
12 mA
1 k
1 k
Vo

1 k
2Vx
12 V
+

+ 2 k
1 k
Vx
1000
Vx
2 k 2 k
4 mA
4 mA
1 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
Figure P3.88
Vo

Figure P3.92
2 k
1 k
2 k
12 V
2 mA
1 k
2Vx +
+

Vx
Vo

1 k
1 k
Figure P3.89
Ix
1 k
Io
12 V
1 k
Vx

2 mA
1 k
Ix
1 k
Figure P3.93
1 k
12 V
2Ix
2 mA
1 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
2Ix
2Vx
Vo
1 k
Figure P3.90
1 k
1 k
12 V
1 k
2Vo
+
1 k
Vo

Figure P3.91
1 k
1 k
+
2 k
Vx
6V
Io
Figure P3.94
1 k
Ix
2 Vx