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IELTSReading:MatchingHeadings

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IELTSReading:MatchingHeadings
August6,2014byLiz
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Practice IELTS reading matching headings by understanding how paraphrasing


will help you nd the right answer. You will see there are two paragraphs but 6
possibleheadings.Readtheheadingsrstandthenreadthearticletodecidewhich
headingistherightoneforeachparagraph.

TipsforMatchingHeadings
Spendtimeparaphrasingthepossibleheadings
Readtheparagraphstondthemainidea
Distinguishbetweenmainideasandextrainformationintheparagraph
Matchmainideasnotvocabulary
Notallheadingswillbeused

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Youranswermustbeanumeral(forexample,iorv1)notwords.
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MatchingHeadingsPractice
Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A & B from the list of headings
below.
i.Temperaturesonearth

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ii.Whatisagreenhouse
iii.Howisearthagreenhouse

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iv.Plantsthatgrowinagreenhouse
v.Earthsatmosphere

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vi.Whypeoplehavegreenhouses

Thegreenhouseeffect

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A.Agreenhouseisahousemadeofglass.Ithasglasswallsandaglassroof.
People grow tomatoes and owers and other plants in them. A greenhouse

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stays warm inside, even during winter. Sunlight shines in and warms the
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IELTSReading:MatchingHeadings

plantsandairinside.Buttheheatistrappedbytheglassandcannotescape.So
during the daylight hours, it gets warmer and warmer inside a greenhouse,

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andstaysquitewarmatnighttoo.
B. Earths atmosphere does the same thing as the greenhouse. Gases in the
atmosphere such as carbon dioxide do what the roof of a greenhouse does.
Duringtheday,theSunshinesthroughtheatmosphere.Earthssurfacewarms

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Bethefirstofyourfriendstolikethis

upinthesunlight.Atnight,Earthssurfacecools,releasingtheheatbackinto
the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere.ThatiswhatkeepsourEarthawarmandcomfortable59degrees
Fahrenheit,onaverage.
Answers
ParagraphA=ii

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Explanation: The passage is about the greenhouse eect so the rst paragraph

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explains the meaning of the word greenhouse. This is shown in the topic

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sentenceandexplainedinthefollowingsentences.Therstparagraphdoesgive
informationaboutplantsinagreenhouse(iv)butthisisonlyanexampleofhow
agreenhouseisusedandnottheaimoftheparagraph.

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ParagraphB=iii

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Explanation:Thesecondparagraphexplainsthatearthfunctionsthesameway
as a greenhouse due to gases in the atmosphere. This is shown in the topic
sentence. There is information about the temperatures on earth (i) but only to

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explain the greenhouse eect. Also there is information about earths


atmosphere(v)butonlyasitrelatestothegreenhouseeect.
Theabovearticlewastakenfromwiki.

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