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A licensed PureNet Company

FINAL REPORT

TA-6498 REG: Knowledge and Innovation Support for

ADB's Water Financing Program – 1& 2

Piloting Integrated Non-Revenue Water (NRW) and


Asset Management Software (ASM) for
Nghe An Water Supply in Viet Nam (42384-012)

Contract No. 124790-S87437 and 124788-S87578

February - December 2016

Prepared by FRRL Industrial Trading Corporation for the Asian Development Bank

1 5 0 4 C I T Y L AN D 1 0 T O W E R 1 H . V . D E L A C O S T A S T . M AK AT I C I T Y , P H I L I P P I N E S 1 2 0 0
M O B I L E S : + 6 3 9 1 7 8 9 8 3 4 8 2 / 8 0 0 7 6 6 6 T E L : + 6 3 2 9 6 6 6 6 3 / 5 7 7 6 0 3 9 T E L E F AX : + 6 3 2 6 2 1 0 8 5 3
S AL E S @ F I T P H . C O M /
AD M I N @ F I TP H . C OM / W W W . F I T P H . C O M
A licensed PureNet Company
OVERVIEW

The Asian Development Bank’s multitranche financing facility (MFF-0054-VIE) “Water Sector
Investment Program” is implemented with the support of a capacity development technical
assistance (TA8357-VIE) to help the government of Viet Nam improve water supply operations.
Assigned as part TA-6498 REG: Knowledge and Innovation Support for ADB’s Water Financing
Program; under Contract Nos. 124790-S87437 and 124790-S87437, a series of works have been
conducted to successfully accomplish Piloting an Integrated Non-Revenue Water and Asset
Management Software for Nghe An Water Supply Company in Viet Nam, the specific project area
being Vinh City – the capital of Nghe An province – 300 km South of Hanoi.

Data on the water distribution network in Vinh City were gathered which include billing records,
network map, cadastral map, land use map and future development map, which were either in
spreadsheet or CAD format. Improved, aligned, and incorporated into a geodatabase, these
data were used to create a hydraulic model and all the components necessary to perform
hydraulic and water quality analyses, billing analysis, and creation of master plan. Ultimately, a
web-based GIS viewing interface has been created that shows the aligned maps and spatial
datasets, water distribution network system data, analyses results, and standard reports – all
presented in an integrated and well-designed website.

PureNet Asset Management software is an innovative technology that creates and streamlines
utility databases such as billing systems, hydraulic models, and spatial datasets. Combining these
systems with a condition assessment program, PureNet provides a more efficient planning and
decision-making tool by establishing maintenance priorities and providing information on the
condition of the water pipelines and infrastructures, aiming to move water utilities from reactive
to proactive asset management.

1 5 0 4 C I T Y L AN D 1 0 T O W E R 1 H . V . D E L A C O S T A S T . M AK AT I C I T Y , P H I L I P P I N E S 1 2 0 0
M O B I L E S : + 6 3 9 1 7 8 9 8 3 4 8 2 / 8 0 0 7 6 6 6 T E L : + 6 3 2 9 6 6 6 6 3 / 5 7 7 6 0 3 9 T E L E F AX : + 6 3 2 6 2 1 0 8 5 3
S AL E S @ F I T P H . C O M /
AD M I N @ F I TP H . C OM / W W W . F I T P H . C O M
A licensed PureNet Company

Table of Contents
I. INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................... 1
A. Background ........................................................................................................................................... 1
B. Project Area .......................................................................................................................................... 1
C. Objective ............................................................................................................................................... 2
D. Scope of Works ..................................................................................................................................... 2
E. Limitations............................................................................................................................................. 3
II. METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................................................................ 5
A. Collection and Verification of Data ....................................................................................................... 5
B. Data Processing, Integration and Linking ............................................................................................. 6
C. Hydraulic Modeling ............................................................................................................................... 6
D. Review and Analysis ............................................................................................................................. 6
E. Master Planning .................................................................................................................................... 7
III. PROJECT SCHEDULE ................................................................................................................................. 8
IV. GEODATABASE DESIGN............................................................................................................................ 9
A. PureNet Web ........................................................................................................................................ 9
B. Basemap................................................................................................................................................ 9
C. Other Layers ........................................................................................................................................ 12
D. System Layers ..................................................................................................................................... 14
E. Customer Database ............................................................................................................................. 16
F. Other Maps (Used as a Reference Only) ............................................................................................. 17
V. BILLING ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................... 18
A. Customer Data .................................................................................................................................... 18
B. Billing Records ..................................................................................................................................... 18
C. Average Annual Daily Demand (AADD) .............................................................................................. 19
D. Billing Analysis 1: Metered and Unmetered Stands ........................................................................... 19
E. Billing Analysis 2: Consumption Characteristic – Low Consumption .................................................. 19
F. Billing Analysis 3: Consumption Characteristic – Month Ratio 3 ........................................................ 20
G. Water Reports .................................................................................................................................... 21
VI. SYSTEM ANALYSIS .................................................................................................................................. 22
A. Hydraulic Modeling............................................................................................................................. 22
B. Calibration and Hydraulic Analysis...................................................................................................... 27

1 5 0 4 C I T Y L AN D 1 0 T O W E R 1 H . V . D E L A C O S T A S T . M AK AT I C I T Y , P H I L I P P I N E S 1 2 0 0
M O B I L E S : + 6 3 9 1 7 8 9 8 3 4 8 2 / 8 0 0 7 6 6 6 T E L : + 6 3 2 9 6 6 6 6 3 / 5 7 7 6 0 3 9 T E L E F AX : + 6 3 2 6 2 1 0 8 5 3
S AL E S @ F I T P H . C O M /
AD M I N @ F I TP H . C OM / W W W . F I T P H . C O M
A licensed PureNet Company
C. First Calibration ................................................................................................................................... 29
D. Water Quality Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 30
E. Chlorine Concentration Based on Hydraulic Model............................................................................ 31
VII. MASTER PLAN ....................................................................................................................................... 32
A. Demand Projection ............................................................................................................................. 32
B. Pipe Sizing ........................................................................................................................................... 32
C. District Metered Areas ........................................................................................................................ 33
D. Masterplan Evaluation........................................................................................................................ 35
VIII. TECHNOLOGY AND DATA TRANSFER ................................................................................................... 38
A. Training and Team Components......................................................................................................... 38
B. Flowchart of Regular Updating of Data .............................................................................................. 39
IX. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS.............................................................................................. 40
APPENDIX .................................................................................................................................................... 42

1 5 0 4 C I T Y L AN D 1 0 T O W E R 1 H . V . D E L A C O S T A S T . M AK AT I C I T Y , P H I L I P P I N E S 1 2 0 0
M O B I L E S : + 6 3 9 1 7 8 9 8 3 4 8 2 / 8 0 0 7 6 6 6 T E L : + 6 3 2 9 6 6 6 6 3 / 5 7 7 6 0 3 9 T E L E F AX : + 6 3 2 6 2 1 0 8 5 3
S AL E S @ F I T P H . C O M /
AD M I N @ F I TP H . C OM / W W W . F I T P H . C O M
A licensed PureNet Company

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Background

This report is prepared and submitted in accordance with the Terms of Reference under
contract no. 124790-S87437for ADB TA-6498 REG: Knowledge and Innovation Support for ADB's
Water Financing Program – 1& 2, Piloting Integrated Non-Revenue Water (NRW) and Asset
Management (ASM) Software for Nghe An Water Supply Company in Viet Nam (42384-012),

B. Project Area

The area of interest of this project is located in TP Vinh. It involves twenty-five (25) towns namely
BếnThủy, Cửa Nam, ĐộiCung, HưngĐông, ĐôngVĩnh, HưngBình, HưngDũng, HưngHòa,
HưngLộc, hưngNguyên, HưngPhúc, HồngSơn, HàHuyTập, Lê Lợi, Lê Mao, Nghi Kim, NghiLiên,
NghiPhú, QuánBàu, Quang trung, TrungĐô, TrườngThi, VinhTân, XãHưngLợi, HưngChính. The
total area of the Area Management is 273 km2 and the area of interest is 77 km2 with centroid
at lat 18.69° and long 105.69°.The area is bounded on the east by Lam River, on the south and
west by Hung Nguyen District and on the north by NghiLoc District and the towns Nghi Lien,
Nghi An and Nghi Duc.

Figure 1.1
Project Location

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I. Introduction
A licensed PureNet Company

C. Objective

The Asian Development Bank assigned this project as part of the capacity development
technical assistance (TA8357-VIE) implemented in support of “Water Sector Investment
Program” (MFF-0054-VIE), a multi-tranch financing facility that funds operational
improvements for urban water supply during 2011-2020, with the objectives of improving the
performance of water supply services and making water companies more accountable and
efficient.

In line with the overall objectives of MFF and TA, this project specifically aims to provide Nghe
An Water Supply Company (NAWASCO) with an implementation of an integrated NRW and
ASM software that can create GIS databases, analyze the hydraulic system, and provide a
decision support system aligned with non-revenue water reduction and asset management
principles.

D. Scope of Works

Under the Terms of Reference, the consultants shall be responsible for:


 Alignment and integration of existing service area map and distribution system map
into satellite imagery
 Creation and design of system layers and database structure
o Satellite/aerial photograph
o Sources (type, elevation, location, coordinates, year built)
o Treatment and pumping facilities (Pump station ID no., type, capacity, elevation,
year built, coordinates, location, well data, pump and motor specifications, as-built
plans, repair history, status)
o Service connections (account name, account no., address, meter size and no.,
consumption, history of maintenance order, status)
o Transmission and distribution pipelines (size, length, material, year installed,
elevation, status)
o Storage facilities (type, capacity, material, year built, elevation, location)
o Fire hydrants
o Valves (type, size, material, location, year installed, elevation, coordinates, status)
All the above are componentized and placed in a hierarchy suitable for inclusion in a
standard asset register and usable for future asset management practices.
 Data integration to the database, while ensuring security and confidentiality of records
 Creation, design, development and regular updating of GIS database during 12
months
 Web-based data hosting and server uploading services for 12 months after project
completion
 Supply, delivery and installation of GIS software with corresponding reference manuals,
brochures, system upgrades and applicable licenses and assist in transition from web-
based to in-house setup
 Linking NAWASCO’s Billing and Collection System to the GIS to obtain concessionaire
information
 Design and calibration of hydraulic model

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I. Introduction
A licensed PureNet Company
 Installation of software for the purpose of performing water consumption and water
demand analyses, based on data obtained from the Billing and Collection System, as
well as water balances and revenues calculation

NAWASCO is responsible for providing the following data:


 Satellite imagery
 Accurate base map of Vinh water supply distribution map
 Hardware and software for GIS and hydraulic modeling
 Cost estimates for materials and construction
 Water demand pattern data (historical and forecast)
 As-built/design drawings, maps and other documents

E. Limitations

a. Field investigation and system data verification


Investigation at the treatment and pumping facilities was carried out after initial analysis
of the hydraulic system to verify the condition of the boundaries for the hydraulic
simulation. Field investigation and verification of system data incorporated into the
hydraulic model (such as valve settings, pipe interconnections, etc.) are assumed to be
NAWASCO’s responsibility; as the Scope of Works for consultants does not include such
item.

b. Flow meter accuracy


It has been stated by NAWASCO personnel that the flow meters at the production are
erroneous by 10%. This creates an error in the computation of total supply and water loss
that may have ramifications in the hydraulic analysis.

c. Customer location
Accurate locations of customers are an important data especially in the allocation of
demand into the hydraulic model. Such data is not available; thus, referencing from the
google maps and cad files for some establishments was done. However, a more
systematic approach has been suggested to NAWASCO and a data collection mobile
application has been provided. This data will be incorporated into the GIS database once
successfully completed by NAWASCO.

d. Data Availability
In lieu of some important data that are not available from NAWASCO, the following
alternative data were used:
 Satellite imagery
o Google Earth imagery
 Material and construction cost
o Set of default costs for pipelaying per linear meter per diameter
 Water demand pattern
o Historical: average flow pattern computed from historical data
o Projected: a peak factor of 1.4 is used

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I. Introduction
A licensed PureNet Company
However, some data can not inherently be substituted by random values or dataset such
as leakage report data, one-year monthly flow data at production needed for standard
water balance, and time-series flow data needed for calibration.

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II. Methodology
A licensed PureNet Company

II. METHODOLOGY

PureNet methodology is applied in this project. It efficiently creates, improves and links billing
system, hydraulic model and GIS data into a full asset management system.

Figure 2.1
PureNet Work Flow

A. Collection and Verification of Data

A checklist of required data for full implementation of PureNet was given to NAWASCO at the
onset of the project. NAWASCO provided several files. See Appendix 2 for the full list of files
and their contents. Available information was received, sorted and assessed to determine
what manipulation will be required to perform the work and prepare reports, as well as get an
indication of where there are gaps in the information. All data were inspected to determine
outstanding required data.

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II. Methodology
A licensed PureNet Company
Time-series pressure data at ten (10) pressure monitoring points were downloaded from the
utility’s remote telemetry site http://118.70.151.182:88/. Flow data were not available from
telemetry; historical flow data at production was provided by NAWASCO.A field investigation
at the treatment plant and pumping stations was conducted to verify the condition of the
pumps. Consultations with NAWASCO were also made regarding integrity of data.

B. Data Processing, Integration and Linking

Using PureNet GIS, the CAD files were imported and converted into GIS shapefiles. This data
capturing includes the items and attributes available from the data sources.

Maps were aligned with the projection Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Zone 48 North. In
lieu of satellite imagery, Google maps images were captured and georeferenced. Other file
images given by NAWASCO were similarly georeferenced. After intensive data checking and
data cleaning, datasets were created:
 Basemaps
 Customers and billing
 System data
 Other GIS shapefiles
 Other Georeferenced Maps

The available attributes on properties of the GIS stand or land parcel layouts and the possibility
to link each to the corresponding entity in the billing data was investigated. The billing data
structure and methods for obtaining extracts were also investigated.

Linking of billing with the customer polygons and analysis of meter reading were done using
PureNet billing analysis software which produced the annual average daily demand (AADD)
of each customer and shows the characteristic of customer’s historical consumption.

C. Hydraulic Modeling

System data originally in CAD format were converted into hydraulic model using PureNet
hydraulic modeling software. Other components such as pump curves, tank capacity and
tank levels were also created. AADD values computed by the billing software were
incorporated as baseline customer demands. Non-revenue water was similarly incorporated
after performing a water balance.

D. Review and Analysis

Time simulation (extended-period simulation) and calibration of the hydraulic model were
done. Time-series pressure data from ten (10) existing pressure monitoring points were used in
the calibration. Analysis of hydraulic heads was helpful in determining anomalies in the system.
Water age and chlorine concentration analyses were also made.

Billing analysis also showed customer’s consumption characteristics. Anomalies in the billing
such as those with steep decline in consumption may aid in determining apparent loss.

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II. Methodology
A licensed PureNet Company

E. Master Planning

The information obtained out of the hydraulic model was used to create a master plan based
on acceptable service level, incorporating estimated future demand. The master plan also
includes proposed DMAs.

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III. PROJECT SCHEDULE

The project commenced on February 26, 2016 and should end on June 9, 2016. Shown below is the work breakdown and project
schedule. Delay on the schedule of the project were noted as the data provided by the client were given by batch and incomplete.
The new target date of project completion is December 30, 2016 as per the Contract Variation No. 1 dated June 17, 2016.

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IV. GEODATABASE DESIGN

A. PureNet Web

The data are published in the NAWASCO PureNet web https://vinh.imqs.co.za. The website
is username protected and only key persons can access the website.

Figure 4.1
PureNet Web
Login Page

B. Basemap

a. Satellite Imagery and Georeferenced Images

Two (2) different sets of images were captured from Google Maps in lieu of Satellite
Imagery.

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A licensed PureNet Company
Figure 4.2
Sets of
Combined Tile
Images

Figure 4.1
PureNet Web
Login Page

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IV. Geodatabase Design
A licensed PureNet Company
Table 4.1 Tile Image Details

Description Details
Dimensions 256 x 256
Width 256 pixels
Height 256 pixels
Bit Depth 8

Table 4.2 Boundary Limit (UTM)

Set No. Left Top Right Bottom


X-Coordinate Y-Coordinate X-Coordinate Y-Coordinate
1 548,719.88 2,083,632.48 581,373.14 2,060,344.87
2 566,531.00 2,070,908.00 581,620.00 2,061,011.00

Table 4.3 Georeferenced Raster Images

Filename
Area of Interest
Map of the Area Management Vinh City and Vicinity
NAWASCO
Pressure Points (Cap Nuoc Nghe An)

Figure 4.3
Different
Background
Images
Published on
NAWASCO
PureNet Web

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IV. Geodatabase Design
A licensed PureNet Company
b. Boundaries

Boundaries of area management, area of interest, districts and towns are shown in
Figure 4.4.

Figure 4.4
Boundaries

C. Other Layers

a. Map Index

Figure 4.4a
Map Index

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IV. Geodatabase Design
A licensed PureNet Company

b. Gauging Points

Figure 4.4b
Gauging
Points

c. Road Network

Figure 4.4c
Road
Network

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IV. Geodatabase Design
A licensed PureNet Company

d. Lots or Parcel

Figure 4.4d
Lots or
Parcel

D. System Layers

Figure 4.5 through 4.8 show the different system layers and properties.

Figure 4.5
Pipes Layer

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Figure 4.6
Valves
Layer

Figure 4.7
Tanks
Layer

Figure 4.8
Pumps
Layer

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IV. Geodatabase Design
A licensed PureNet Company
E. Customer Database

Figure 4.9 shows the digitized customer polygons. Billing records are linked to the
customer polygons. Also, the data included are results of Billing Analysis.

Figure 4.9 Customer Polygons Shown Per Suburb Category (Town)

Figure 4.10 Customer Data Incorporated Into The Database

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IV. Geodatabase Design
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F. Other Maps (Used as a Reference Only)

Figure 4.11
Vinh and Ben Thuy
Topographic
Quadrangle Map

Figure 4.12
Vinh Topographic
Quadrangle Map

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V. Billing Analysis
A licensed PureNet Company

V. BILLING ANALYSIS

PureNet Billing Analysis software links the billing records with the corresponding customer polygons.
Billing Analysis is a great tool in determining apparent losses (such as erroneous meter reading and
water theft).

A. Customer Data

Customer basic information includes:


o Account Code [Mã KH] – a unique eight (8)-character alphanumeric reference code
assigned by NAWASCO to each customer; e.g. LMS11200
o Customer Name [TênKháchHàng] and Address [Địachỉ]
o Account Type [Mụcđíchsửdụng] / Land use
 SH – Residential [Sinhhoạt]
 KD – Business/Commercial [Kinhdoanh]
 SX – Industrial [Sảnxuất]
 CQ – Government Office [Cơquan]
o Meter brand [Loạiđồnghồ]; Meter Serial number [Seri đồnghồ]; Meter Size [Cỡđồnghồ]; Year
installed [Nămlắpđồnghồ]; Meter with meter box (yes/no) [Hộpđồnghồ (Có/ Không)]; Meter
location (in/out) [Vịtríđồnghồ (Trong/Ngoài)]

B. Billing Records

Monthly consumption data from June 2014 to June 2016 given by NAWASCO shows the
consumption in cubic meter per month and the growth in the number of customers. A total
of 67,383 active customers were listed as of June 2016.

Figure 5.1
Growth in
Number of
Customers

Table 5.1 Overview of June 2016 Billing Records

MDSD No. of Customers Total Monthly Consumption


(m3)
SH (Residential) 64,711 96% 1,127,750 74%
CQ (Government) 676 1% 165,311 11%
SX (Industrial) 438 1% 74,211 5%
KD (Business) 1,558 2% 149,011 10%

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V. Billing Analysis
A licensed PureNet Company

C. Average Annual Daily Demand (AADD)

The software computes AADD based on the historical consumption. Total AADD of Vinh is 43.

Figure 5.2
PureNet
Billing
Analysis
Software
Showing
AADD Values

D. Billing Analysis 1: Metered and Unmetered Stands

There are 180 unmetered stands shown in green color in Figure 5.3.

Figure 5.3
PureNet Billing
Analysis
Software
Showing
Metered and
Unmetered
Stands

E. Billing Analysis 2: Consumption Characteristic – Low Consumption

The low water consumption range >0 – 0.2 has considerably high number of accounts. This
should be a starting point for investigation by NAWASCO.

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V. Billing Analysis
A licensed PureNet Company

Figure 5.4
AADD vs.
Accounts

F. Billing Analysis 3: Consumption Characteristic – Month Ratio 3


This ratio indicates whether the consumption of a customer is declining or increasing. A
ratio within 0 – 0.2 range means that consumption has a steep decline. A ratio greater than
2 means a substantial increase in consumption.

Figure 5.5
PureNet
Billing
Analysis
Software
Showing
Month
Ratio 3

Table 5.2 No. of Accounts versus Month Ratio 3

Ratio Month 3 No. of Accounts


0.0 - 0.2 238
>0.2 - 0.5 967
>0.5 - 1.0 36,234
>1.0 - 2.0 29,129
>2.0 - 5.0 620

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V. Billing Analysis
A licensed PureNet Company

G. Water Reports

Consumption Report for Total Vinh

Figure 5.6 Report for Total Vinh Consumption

Consumption Report per Suburb (Town)

Figure 5.7 Screenshot of Consumption Report per Suburb

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VI. SYSTEM ANALYSIS

A. Hydraulic Modeling

a. Pipe Alignment and Properties

Figure 6.1 through Figure 6.3 show screenshots of hydraulic model running on PureNet
Hydraulic Modeling Software, indicating different pipe characteristics.

Figure 6.1
Pipe
Diameter

Figure 6.2
Pipe
Material

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VI. System Analysis
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Figure 6.3
Pipe Age

Figure 6.4
Breakdown of Pipe Characteristics versus Length

The distribution network has a total pipe length of 737.35 kilometers, the largest diameter
being 700 mm at the treatment plant and goes downstream at 600mm, 500m, 400mm and
300mm through the transmission mains.

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VI. System Analysis
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b. Elevation

Ground elevations range from a minimum of 0.01 m to maximum of 8.4 m. The area is
relatively flat with elevation mostly in the range of 3-6 m.

Figure 6.5
Node
Elevation

c. Source1: Hung Vinh Treatment Plants, Tanks and Pumps

The main water source for the TP Vinh area is the river which sits alongside the city. The
raw water goes into two (2) Hung Vinh treatment plants.

Figure 6.6
Locations of Hung
Vinh WTPs

Table 6.1 Characteristics of Hung Vinh WTPs


Hung Vinh 20,000 m3 Hung Vinh 40,000 m3
WTP Capacity 20,000 m3 per day 40,000 m3 per day
Treated Water Tank
min level 1.7 m 1.4 m
max level 4.25 m 4.25 m
volume 4,000 m3 8,000 m3
bottom elevation 2.50 m 2.50 m
Pumps 650 m3 per hr x 45m 1,200 m3 per hr x 45m
650 m3 per hr x 45m 1,200 m3 per hr x 45m
1,200 m3 per hr x 45m 600 m3 per hr x 45m
650 m3 per hr x 45m 2,600 m3 per hr x 45m

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d. Source 2: Bulk Flow at DHT Dang Thai Mai

The location of the gauging point at Dang Thai Mai serves as the point where flow going
to TP Vinh area is measured. However, there is no available logged data; the client
provided only monthly reading from January to June 2016 which average to around 10.3
MLD. The source of the water coming in through this point is the Cau Bach WTP which is
outside the area of interest of this project.

Figure 6.7
DHT Dang Thai Mai
Modeled as Bulk
Flow

e. Service Reservoir and Pumping Station at Tram Hung Hoa

This pumping station is on stand-by mode. NAWASCO indicated that it is used during
summer only. The two pumps both have a design capacity of 55 m3/hr x 43.8 m.

Figure 6.8
AL Tram Hung Hoa
Pumping Station

f. Demand Allocation

Baseline Demands

1. Customer consumption
Average Annual Daily Consumption (AADD) computed by PureNet Billing Analysis
program provides the customer baseline demand.

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Figure 6.9
Customer Demand

2. Non-revenue water

NRW is approximated to be 20.97 MLD and similarly allocated into the hydraulic
model.

Table 6.2 Water Balance


Component Volume
Supply (System Input) 64,228.562 m3/day
Hung Vinh 40,000 m 31,387.91 m3/day†
3

Hung Vinh 20,000 m3 22,517.99 m3/day†


DHT Dang Thai Mai 10,322.66 m3/day‡
Billed Volume 43,253.88 m3/day
NRW 20,974.69 m3/day (33%)*
†Average of data in Sep 2015, Dec 2015, Mar 2016 & June 2016 as provided by NAWASCO.
The client also indicated a ten percent (10%) error in the flowmeter.
‡Average based on six monthly readings from January to June 2016 as provided by
NAWASCO.
*An error range of six percent (6%) in the NRW computation due to error in the flow meter
at the production.

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Demand Pattern

Demand pattern is taken as the average computed based on the historical data in Sep
2015, Dec 2015, Mar 2016 and Jun 2016 on flow at the production.

Figure 6.10
Demand Pattern

B. Calibration and Hydraulic Analysis

Pressure Data at Sources

Figure 6.11 Pressure (m) Data at Sources

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Pressure Data at Other Gauging Points

Figure 6.12 Pressure (m) Data at Other Gauging Points

Semi-Calibration

A full-blown calibration may be made once data sources have logged flow data as well
as flow data at least in each town/ward.

Due to lack of significant data, a semi-calibration was only possible. Flow data at the
sources were assumed to be the same as the historical data, in lieu of the time-series data
taken at the same time as the pressure data. Demand pattern was assumed to be uniform
all throughout the system.

Significant findings include low efficiency rate of the pumps at the pumping stations – the
actual downstream head is at 25m whilst design head of pumps is 45 m. A substantial head
loss also exists along the 400mm cast iron pipe along Tran Hung Dao.

Several areas are having low pressures at peak hours, as shown in Figure 6.13

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VI. System Analysis
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Figure 6.13
Pressure Head (m)
at Peak Hour

C. First Calibration

Findings:

1. Pumps are not running at design capacity - verified

2. Significant head loss

Possible Causes:

 Leakage – approx. 10 MLD


 Closed Valves
 Excessive corrosion of old pipes

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VI. System Analysis
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Other possible contributors:

 Erroneous flow meter reading – both at the production and customer level
 Vast customer locations

3. Zero Pressure

Booster Pumps

D. Water Quality Analysis

Water Aging

The longest time for water aging happens at the peripheries of the water network. The
oldest water age in the TP Vinh water distribution network is thirteen hours.

Figure 6.14 Water Aging Analysis

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A licensed PureNet Company
E. Chlorine Concentration Based on Hydraulic Model

Figure 6.15 Chlorine Concentration

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VII. MASTER PLAN

A. Demand Projection

A projected demand was estimated and used in the master plan.†

Table 7.1 Projected Demand


Component Volume
Customer Demand
Existing 42.3 MLD
Additional 20.0 MLD
Projected NRW: 25% 20.8 MLD
Projected Total Supply: 83.1 MLD

Hung Vinh WTPs have a combined capacity of 60 MLD and source at Dang Thai Mai has
10 MLD capacity for a total of 70 MLD. It is likely that the Hung Vinh WTPs will be utilized
more than its design capacity.

B. Pipe Sizing

Pipe sizing is based on unit head loss limits and on acceptable service level.

Figure 7.1 Proposed Pipe Sizing

†A more intensive demand projection study may be necessary.

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VII. Master Plan
A licensed PureNet Company

Figure 7.2
Pressure Head (m)
at Peak Hour
with Projected
Demand and
Proposed Pipe
Sizing

C. District Metered Areas

Figure 7.3
Proposed
DMA
Boundaries

A total of seventy-one (71) DMAs were proposed based on data processed.

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VII. Master Plan
A licensed PureNet Company
Indicated in the hydraulic model are the boundary valves. Some DMAs are single source
while others will be multiple-source. We use valves whenever isolated DMAs are to be
established. See figure below.

Figure 7.4
Proposed
Boundary
Valves

The hydraulic model and associated software can work with flow meters instead of valves
as boundaries of DMA. This creates much more hydraulic flexibility in operating the
network. We advise to have the DMAs open as much as possible and use flowmeters to
serve as boundaries whenever series DMAs are to be created. See figure below.

Figure 7.5
Proposed
Boundary
Flowmeter

Appendix 4 shows the recommended flowmeter sizes as well as the total number of
flowmeters and valves per DMA. Some DMA’s will require more than one flowmeter,
depending on the number of supply source.

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VII. Master Plan
A licensed PureNet Company

D. Masterplan Evaluation

A. Using the PureNet’s MP Hydraulic Model

Below are the analysis results of the Masterplan simulation using future demands. 10, 20
and 25 MLD additional demands were evenly distributed to the network. Result shows that
PureNet's masterplan design is quite flexible that the network can still experience relatively
high pressures even with additional demands. Figure 7.6 below shows the high pressure
profile of the PureNet hydraulic model when loaded with 10MLD, 20MLD and 25MLD
additional demands.

Figure 7.6 Masterplan Simulation

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VII. Master Plan
A licensed PureNet Company

Table 7.2 Actual vs. Projected Supply

Figure 7.7 Locations of Supply Source

B. Evaluation of the Vietnamese Consultants Master Plan and Hydraulic Model

Figure 7.8 Vietnamese Consultants Master Plan and Hydraulic Model

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VII. Master Plan
A licensed PureNet Company
NAWASCO’s Vietnamese consultants had provided us with a hydraulic model of the
master plan for the Vinh pipe networks. Using their model, we loaded the existing
demands to the network and found out that the system is not capable to address the
low pressures in some areas of the city. Some areas show low and even zero pressures
(Fig. 7.9). Thus, the network is not capable anymore to carry the additional future
demands. Therefore this design will not at all accommodate future demand.

Figure 7.9
Master Plan
Hydraulic
Model of
Vietnamese
Consultants

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VIII. TECHNOLOGY AND DATA TRANSFER

A. Training and Team Components

PureNet’s personnel went to Vinh City water utility to conduct data gathering and
trainings. These dates are; (a) March 7 – 10, (b) March 24 – 25, (c) May 18 – 20, (d) July 5 –
8, and (e) September 19 – 20, in the year of 2016.

Authorized personnel of NAWASCO were provided with training last July 2016 –
orientation and technical skills to carry out future projects independently. The training
was conducted within the premises of NAWASCO office.

Table 8.1 PureNet Asset Management


Description Quantity
PureNet GIS App 10
PureNet Hydraulic Modeling Program 1
PureNet Web-Based Access 3

Table 8.2 Proposed NAWASCO Team Components


No. of
Team Duties and Responsibilities
Persons
a. GIS 5  Shall continue update on other
GIS related database
b. Hydraulic Modeling and 5  Capable of performing updates
Billing Analysis in the hydraulic model, running
billing analysis, and linking results
to the model, performing static
and extended period simulations
and analyzing simulation results:
c. Database Administrators 2  Responsible in administering
(1 from GIS and 1 from database including running the
Hydraulic Modeling Team) treasury data analysis
d. Document Coordinators 2  Responsible in controlling the
document flow, coordinating
with departments and with
technical persons.

To ensure all the customers be georeferenced correctly, we did the initiative to


georeferenced the area. We also provided 10 persons in the utility with an App PureNet
GIS App which could be downloaded on their smartphones, thus enabling them to
georeferenced the users in a very easy way during water meter reading exercises. During
our visit in Vinh last September 2016 we provided training on this App together with video
tutorial. However, we found out that NAWASCO was not using the PureNet GIS App after
the change of the Director. Nobody tried to continue it so this web based application was
stopped.

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B. Flowchart of Regular Updating of Data

Regular updating of data should be done by the assigned NAWASCO team. Shown in the figure below shall be a guide for
the updating process.

Figure 8.1 Flowchart of Regular Updating of Data on PureNet

Data Collection
& Verification

Hydraulic GIS Linking Monthly Other GIS


Model (Stands) Billing Data Data

No

Water Verification
Analysis Demand Data
No & Data
Checking

Ye
sd
Verification

Ye Publish to
sd Web

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IX. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

An integrated NRW and Asset Management software has been implemented for TP Vinh. A
streamlined geodatabase has been completed which incorporated all the relevant data. A more
comprehensive look at the characteristics of the water distribution network can now be made
and subsequently utilized by management and operators alike for more intelligent decision-
making. The billing records have been analyzed and determination of billing anomalies possibly
contributing to apparent loss has been done. Also, analysis of future billing data can now be
made readily. Simulation and analysis of water network model have been done and results were
used in creating master plan. We evaluated the way how over the past years Master Plans are
made in Vietnam and used the Vinh model as an example. It is clear that the high level
investigation which does not include the demand positioning in the network, does not lead to the
creation of good and flexible master plans. (The proposed plan did not remediate the issues with
the actual demand )

Further improvements which should be included in the database are:

1. Procurement of satellite imagery


Acquire the most recent archived satellite imagery/aerial photographs (2016, if available)
with the following specifications:
- WorldView-1, WorldView-2
- 50 cm Resolution 1:12000 Orthorectified Satellite Imagery and Georeferenced
2. Plotting of structural or building footprints in GIS based on the acquired satellite image
3. Geocoding of customer location
Our consultants georeferenced the whole customer database with desktop exercises –
the specific way some Vietnamese streets and addresses are applied. Because of this type
of exercise, this might result to some errors. Although we are convinced that the applied
methodology results in an accurate evaluation of demand (the GIS position of larger
customers was more in depth studied), a 100% accurate georeferencing can only be
accomplished by physical verification.
A PureNet geocoding mobile app has been provided to NAWASCO to geocode customer
locations and collect additional data on meter conditions.
We provided an App which could assist them in their job. This application is very useful in
creating forms and surveys using mobile phones only – making geocoding of customer’s
location easy and accurate . The application can be addressed in the cloud.

4. Inventory of hydrants
PureNet data collection mobile app has been provided to NAWASCO to collect data on
hydrants. The exact location of these hydrants (200) is very important as it will aid
installation of future permanent leak detection tools.
5. Incorporation of leakage report data
Data on leakage incidents can be very helpful in asset management.
6. Demand projection
An intensive demand projection study is necessary in master planning. Due to the lack of
certainty on where future demands will take place in the future, the proposed MP includes
a ring system offering maximal flexibility in output over time on each point of the network.

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It is highly recommended to install accurate flow meters at the production (WTP). The flows at
these points serve as a baseline on which all other computations and subsequent analyses are
made. Hydraulic analysis of the model also indicates that pumps need to be tested for efficiency.

Regular updating and improvement of database are of great importance for more up-to-date
analyses and future planning exercises.

A leakage detection equipment may be used in the trunk mains to carry out pipe repairs or pipe
replacement.

The masterplan can be used to include managing the areas of the DMAs and adding future
demands.

After the creation of the DMAs, which can be executed in a phased approach, from the source
to the extremities in the utility, leakage detection activities can be executed and followed up in
the DMAs. As guidelines one can use the IWA guidelines of leakage detection using different
methodologies. These methodologies where successfully implemented in one isolated and
measured DMA in the utility under the guidance of VEI.

We did not receive the details on costing for the execution of the master plan and the creation
of the DMA s from the utility. Adding this information will lead to a good estimation of the cost of
execution of the master plan.

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APPENDIX

Appendix 1: List of Files Transmitted by NAWASCO

Filename Date Transmitted Information


dachkhachhang.xlsx Mar 7-9, 2016 Customer information
 Account code
 Customer name
 Address
 Account Type (SH, SX, KD, CQ)
A total of 62,948 customers were listed

List Customer TT2.xlsx Mar 7-9, 2016 Billing records – monthly customer
consumption data from June 2014 –
February 2016 (21 months)
 Customer name, address, ward,
monthly consumption in cubic
meter
 A total of 66,596 customers were
listed
TP Vinh.dwg Mar 7-9, 2016 System Map
Phu Can Vinh.dwg  Pipe Size and Material
Political Boundaries
 Ward/Town [Phường/ Xã]
boundaries
 Khoi boundaries
Cadastral Map
Structural Footprint
NAWASCO.pptx Mar 7-9, 2016  Political Boundaries of Nghe An
 Capacity of WTP and Pumping
Stations in Nghe An
 Areas (Branches/Stations) of
NAWASCO
 Chart showing no. of customers
per branch by type (SH, SX, CQ,
KD) as of January 2016
 Chart showing Total production in
2015 per branch
 Monthly consumption per branch
in 2015
 Consumption per branch per user
type in January 2016
 Pie chart showing consumption
percentage per user type

Chi nhanh 1.dwg Mar 7-9, 2016 System maps of CN1 through CN5
Chi nhanh 2.dwg Boundary of each CN
Chi nhanh 3.dwg
Chi nhanh 4.dwg
Chi nhanh 5.dwg
5chinhanh.dwg
MangCl.ll – Cap nuoc.dwg Mar 7-9, 2016 Main water lines in TP Vinh and Phu Can
gheptuyenchinh.dwg Vinh

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VH-00-30-101-01.dwg May 26, 2016 Hung Vinh WTP Underground Pipe Layout
duongongkythuat.dwg
HosoThietbi [folder] May 26, 2016
PCT1 flowmeter.doc Commissioning checklists for flowmeter,
PCT2 pressure.doc pressure meter and pumps
PCT5 pumps.doc
PCT6 blower.doc Pre-commissioning trail for air blower,
PCT7 MixerA.doc mixers, chlorine gas detect, and chlorine
PCT7 MixerB.doc dosing station
PCT7 MixerC.doc
PCT8 Gasdetect.doc
PCT9 Chlorine dosing station.doc
Files on Cau Bach WTP (outside area May 26, 2016
of interest)

Day chuyencongnghe.dwg Process diagram of Cau Bach WTP

O&M Cau Bach WTP(electric) [folder]


O&M Cau Bach WTP Capacity Operating Manual
20.000M3.NGD [folder]
Phuluc 1 quyen [folder]
(lots of files)
Large customer.xls Jul 7, 2016 Information on Large customers per CN
Number of customer.xls Jul 7, 2016 Information on all customers per CN
Water prices.doc Jul 7, 2016 Tariff per Account type
Water reading SOP.doc Jul 7, 2016 Billing procedures
DanhSach KH_NAWASCO.xlsx Jul 7, 2016 Consumption data of all customers from
June 2014-June 2016 (52 months)
Dma 2.dwg Jul 7, 2016 System map of DMA VEI
Locations of customers
VINHCITY_07072016.dwg Jul 7, 2016 Updated system map
Duong dong muc.dwg Jul 7, 2016 Spot elevation map
Dong ho tong dang thaimai Jul 7, 2016 Monthly reading at Dang Thai Mai flow
meter from Feb 2016 to June 2016
thong so kythuat NMN Hung Vinh.xls Jul 7, 2016 Pump units and pump design capacity at
Hung Vinh WTPs
Maximum and minimum levels of Hung
Vinh reservoirs
thong so lam vieccau bach.xlsx Jul 7, 2016 Flow and pressure data at Cau Bach WTP
nhatkybomtram2(2van) nguon 1.xlsx Jul 7, 2016 Hourly flow and pressure data at Hung
Vinh 20,000 m3 WTP in the months of:
Sep 2015, Dec 2015, Mar 2016 and Jun
2016
nhatkylichbomtramcap2-4van nguon Jul 7, 2016 Hourly flow and pressure data at Hung
2.xlsx Vinh 40,000 m3 WTP in the months of:
Sep 2015, Dec 2015, Mar 2016 and Jun
2016
quyhoachTpVinh [folder] Jul 7, 2016 Future development plan/master plan
(lots of files)
Vinh08082016.dwg Aug 8, 2016 System map with year of construction
Chi nhanh 1.xlsx Sep 22, 2016 Info on all customers including year of
Chi nhanh 2.xlsx meter installation
Chi nhanh 3.xls
Chi nhanh 4.xlsx
Chi nhanh 5.xlsx

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Appendix 2: Hardware and Software Requirements

The software applications which are proposed to be implemented under this project are
PureNet as GIS system and hydraulic modeling system. PureNet is a proprietary desk top and
web based GIS solution deployed widely across South Africa as an information management
platform for infrastructure and asset management in the water and other related infrastructure
sectors.

PureNet – NAWASCO, PC

Software
o Adobe Acrobat
o Internet Explorer 9 or 10, Chrome, Safari, Firefox, iPad, Samsung, Galaxy Tablets.

Other
o Must have access to the internet for internet map services (i.e. Google Maps, OpenStreetMap)
 Port 80 and 443
o Must have access to the web server

PureNet – NAWASCO Web Server

Processor
o Xeon Processor of 2 GHz or better. Recommended Quad core processors or better.
o If running on virtual server then
 minimum 2 cores are required – small client
 minimum 4 cores required – large client

Operating System
o Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2

Hard Disk
o 400 GB Hard Disk for OS, Database and Application.
 7200 rpm harddrive RAID 0, SSD preferable
 Database resides locally on machine: Postgres with GIS extension

System RAM requirement


o Minimum 24 GB
o No limits to Virus Scanners; ideally scheduled once per day

Software
o All software requirements will be provided by PureNet

Network requirements
o Access to web server (Port 80 and 443)

Internet Requirements
o User accessing the application:
 Web Server accessible from the internet via https/authentication, and/or

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 VPN access (recommended)
o For maintenance and support from PureNet:
 Access to server via remote desktop with admin rights (requirement)
 VPN; access to the guest.

Figure A. Conceptual Solution Architecture

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Appendix 3: PureNet Brochure

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A licensed PureNet Company
Appendix 4: Flowmeter Size and No. of Flowmeters and Valves Per DMA

Total No.
DMA Entry Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Pipe Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
90 65
63 40
90 65
200 50
63 32 7 at 50mm, 1 at 63mm, 4 at 80mm, 8 at 90mm, 1 at
1 10 21
90 50 200mm
150 125
200 65
90 50
90 50
2 110 100 1 at 40mm, 6 at 50mm, 8 at 63mm, 1 at 110mm 1 16
150 125
12 at 50mm, 9 at 63mm, 3 at 90mm, 1 at 110mm, 1
3 90 80 3 26
at 200mm
110 100
200 80
200 200
6 at 40mm, 16 at 50mm, 8 at 63mm, 3 at 80mm, 7 at
4 100 50 5 44
90mm, 3 at 150mm, 1 at 200mm
150 125
100 40
150 100
90 32 1 at 50mm, 7 at 63mm, 4 at 80mm, 3 at 90mm, 1 at
5 4 19
150 80 110mm, 3 at 150mm
150 50
200 80 1 at 40mm, 1 at 63mm, 1 at 76mm, 2 at 80mm, 1 at
6 2 6
150 50 200mm

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
7 110 100 3 at 50mm, 10 at 63mm 1 13
150 100
150 125
8 2 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 8 at 90mm, 2 at 150mm 4 14
63 40
63 40
9 90 80 3 at 90mm 1 3
100 80
10 4 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 6 at 100mm, 1 at 110mm 2 15
110 32
160 100 2 at 40mm, 5 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 1 at 75mm, 6 at
11 2 18
90 50 90mm, 1 at 150mm, 1 at 160mm
12 150 65 2 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 1 at 150mm 1 5
13 90 90 None 1 0
200 50
14 90 50 1 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm, 1 at 200mm 3 3
63 50
90 65
15 3 at 90mm 2 3
90 65
16 90 90 2 at 90mm 1 2
150 100
17 3 at 50mm, 4 at 90mm, 1 at 110mm, 1 at 150mm 2 9
90 80
18 90 50 1 at 90mm 1 1
6 at 50mm, 9 at 63mm, 7 at 75mm, 12 at 90mm, 1 at
19 200 150 1 35
200mm
20 90 50 1 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm 1 2

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
90 90
90 90
90 90
90 90
90 50
50 25
90 80 4 at 25mm, 34 at 32mm, 33 at 40mm, 11 at 50mm,
21 14 116
90 65 20 at 63mm, 14 at 90mm
90 90
90 90
90 65
90 90
90 80
63 32
15 at 40mm, 6 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm, 6 at
22 110 80 1 32
110mm
150 65
50 25
11 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 1 at 75mm, 3 at 90mm, 2 at
23 90 65 5 21
110mm
63 20
75 65
150 100
150 125
24 150 50 1 at 63mm, 8 at 90mm, 1 at 110mm, 4 at 150mm 5 14
150 100
90 40

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A licensed PureNet Company
Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
160 80
25 2 at 90mm, 1 at 100mm, 1 at 150mm, 1 at 160mm 2 5
90 90
26 90 80 2 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm 1 3
27 90 90 1 at 50mm, 3 at 63mm, 2 at 90mm 1 6
90 65
28 63 50 1 at 90mm 3 1
90 25
90 90
29 90 65 1 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 5 at 90mm 3 8
90 20
90 80
90 32
90 65 2 at 40mm, 10 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 9 at 90mm, 1 at
30 6 27
50 15 125mm, 1 at 150mm, 2 at 200mm
200 200
90 10
31 150 125 1 at 50mm, 6 at 90mm, 2 at 150mm, 1 at 200mm 1 10
32 90 80 1 at 90mm 1 1
3 at 63mm, 2 at 90mm, 2 at 100mm, 4 at 150mm, 2
33 250 250 1 13
at 200mm
34 150 150 5 at 63mm, 6 at 90mm, 1 at 100mm, 2 at 150mm 1 14
35 90 80 1 at 90mm 1 1
36 150 125 1 at 50mm, 5 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm, 1 at 150mm 1 8
200 100 2 at 50mm, 6 at 63mm, 1 at 80mm, 15 at 90mm, 2 at
37 2 27
150 150 100mm, 1 at 110mm

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
38 110 100 7 at 50mm, 4 at 64mm, 3 at 90mm, 1 at 110mm 1 15
90 40 2 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 1 at 80mm, 9 at 90mm, 2 at
39 2 18
150 50 150mm
40 150 80 2 at 63mm, 1 at 80mm, 1 at 150mm 1 4
7 at 50mm, 3 at 63mm, 4 at 80mm, 1 at 90mm, 1 at
41 200 150 1 16
200mm
110 80
42 3 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm, 1 at 80mm, 1 at 100mm 2 7
90 65
9 at 32mm, 2 at 40mm, 3 at 50mm, 14 at 63mm, 4 at
43 200 150 75mm, 3 at 90mm, 1 at 100mm, 1 at 110mm, 4 at 1 45
150mm, 4 at 200mm
200 125 1 at 40mm, 1 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 4 at 90mm, 1 at
44 2 13
200 125 150mm, 2 at 200mm
200 50
45 2 at 63mm, 2 at 90mm, 2 at 200mm 2 6
150 100
160 150
1 at 40mm, 4 at 50mm, 3 at 63mm, 6 at 90mm, 1 at
46 90 65 3 15
160mm
150 80
200 150
47 11 at 50mm, 7 at 63mm, 9 at 90mm, 1 at 200mm 2 28
90 90
200 150 1 at 40mm, 8 at 50mm, 6 at 63mm, 2 at 80mm, 6 at
48 2 28
200 125 90mm, 1 at 110mm, 4 at 200mm
49 63 25 none 1 0
50 90 50 1 at 40mm, 1 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm 1 3
51 100 50 1 at 100mm 1 1
52 200 100 1 at 90mm, 1 at 200mm 1 2

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
90 65
150 125
150 100
150 65
150 80
200 80
150 100
63 40 1 at 40mm, 30 at 50mm, 23 at 63mm, 16 at 90mm, 3
53 15 80
at 110mm, 5 at 150mm, 2 at 200mm
110 80
90 50
200 125
110 65
90 65
90 65
200 100
8 at 50mm, 1 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm, 1 at 100mm, 2 at
54 200 200 1 13
200mm
55 200 200 1 at 80mm, 3 at 90mm, 3 at 200mm 1 7
56 90 50 1 at 63mm, 1 at 76mm, 1 at 190mm 1 3
110 100
90 80
57 2 at 80mm, 1 at 90mm 4 3
90 65
90 65
58 90 80 1 at 63mm, 1 at 80mm, 1 at 90mm 1 3
59 150 125 2 at 50mm, 3 at 6mm, 1 at 80mm, 1 at 150mm 1 7

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
90 80
60 1 at 50mm, 3 at 90mm 2 4
90 80
61 90 80 3 at 50mm, 1 at 63mm 1 4
62 300 250 2 at 63mm, 3 at 90mm 1 5
63 63 65 2 at 50mm, 3 at 90mm 1 5
64 150 100 3 at 50mm, 1 at 90mm 1 4
65 90 65 1 at 50mm, 2 at 63mm 1 3
150 65 1 at 40mm, 2 at 50mm, 1 at 76mm, 2 at 100mm, 1 at
66 2 7
100 100 150mm
90 90
150 150 4 at 40mm, 13 at 50mm, 15 at 63mm, 10 at 80mm,
67 4 52
150 150 10 at 90mm
150 65
150 65
68 150 80 2 at 50mm, 1 at 63mm, 3 at 90mm 3 6
150 125
90 40
90 40
90 32
90 65
69 150 20 3 at 50mm, 7 at 63mm, 1 at 90mm, 3 at 150mm 9 14
90 50
90 50
150 80
150 80

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Total No.
DMA Entry Pipe Flow Meter Size Total No.
DMA No. No. of Valves by Diameter of Flow
Size (mm) (mm) of Valves
Meters
90 50 5 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 6 at 76mm, 5 at 90mm, 1 at
70 2 21
160 125 160mm
63 20
1 at 50mm, 4 at 63mm, 2 at 80mm, 8 at 90mm 1 at
71 200 100 3 16
200mm
200 150
TOTAL 174 1020

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