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# NIKKI ANNE P.

BEGASO
BSN 2-2
ASSIGNMENT IN PHYSICS LECTURE
Work- it is defined as the product of the displacement and the component of the force along the displacement. Work
is a scalar quantity. The term work is commonly used in connection with widely physical or mental activities is
restricted in physics, in cases wherein there is a force and a displacement along the direction of force.
There are three ways on how work is done:

If the force is just to impart uniform motion on the body, the force of friction has done the same amount of
work
In changing the position or configuration pf the body system, as in the case of force applied on a body to
raise the body on an inclined plane
In imparting acceleration
Units of Work

SYSTEM
MKS
CGS
British

## WORK = FORCE x DISPLACEMENT

Joule (J) = newton (n) x meter (m)
Erg = dyne (dyn) x centimeters (cm)
Foot-pound = pound (lb) x foot

Example:
A wooden box is being pulled 10 m from its original position along a horizontal surface by a constant force of 25N.
Calculate the work done on the box if
a) The force is applied horizontally
b) The force makes an angle of 37 above horizontal
Solution:
a) W = F S
= 25N 10m
= 250N m (joule)
b) W = Fcos37 S
= (25N)(cos37)(10m)
= 199.66N m (Joule)

Energy- it is the property of a body or system of bodies by virtue of which work can be performed. It is a scalar
quantity. Energy can exist in many forms and can be transformed from one form to another. The energy possessed
by an object by virtue of its motion is called kinetic energy, or energy of motion. Energy of position, or configuration,
is called potential energy.
When work is done on a body in the absence of frictional force, the work done is equal to the sum of the increase in
kinetic energy and the increase in potential energy. The units in which energy is expressed are the same as the units
of work.

Types of Energy

Potential Energy an object may store energy because of its position. The energy that is stored is called
Potential energy (PE), because in the stored state, it has the potential to do work.
o Gravitational Potential Energy the potential energy due to elevated positions.
Kinetic Energy If an object is moving, then by virtue of that motion, it is capable of doing work. It is called
energy of motion, or kinetic energy.
Transformation and Conservation of Energy Energy is given to a body or system of bodies when work
is done upon it. In this process, there is merely a transfer of energy from one body to another. In such
transfer no energy is created nor destroyed; it merely changes from one form to another. This statement is
known as the law of conservation of energy.

Example:
A body of mass m is thrown vertically upward with a velocity of 25 m/s
a) How high will it rise?
b) What is its velocity at a height of 20 m
Solution:
a) KE bottom = PE at highest point

1
mV 21=mgh
2

h=

V2
2g

( 25 )2
2 ( 9.8 )

31.88 m
b) KE1 = KE2 + PE2

1
1
2
2
mV 1= m V 2+mgh 2
2
2
1
1
( 25 m/s )2= V 22 + ( 9.8 m/ s ) ( 20 m )
2
2

V 22=2

1
( 25 m/s )( 9.8 m/s )( 20 m )
2

V 2=15.26 m/ s

Power The time rate doing work. Power measures the amount of work done in given time:

power=

work done W FS
S
= = =F =Fv
elapsed time t
t
t

In MKS System, the unit of power is in joule per second, also known as the watt, named after James Watt. In the
CGS system, the unit of per is in erg per second. In the English system, the standard unit of power is the horsepower.
Example:
How much power is expended by a man who can push a load with a force of 190 lbs to a distance of 100 ft in 4min?
Solution:

P=

work
time

(80 lbs)(

100 ft
)
4 min

## 2000 ftlbs /min

3

2 x 10 ftlbs /min