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Name of student: ___________________________

Class:
Date:
Week:
Time:

School: ___________________________________

Tuesday
03.01.2017
01
6.30 pm ~ 9.00 pm

Kipli Yassin Resources, Heritage Garden, Kuching


AddMaths Form 4
2: Quadratic Equation (Persamaan Kuadratik)
2.1 Quadratic Equation & Its Roots (Persamaan Kuadratik & Punca2nya)

Subject:
Topic:
Sub-topic:

Quadratic Equations in General Form


1.

The general form (bentuk am) of a quadratic equation is given by


a0
constants,
and x an unknown.

ax 2 bx c 0

where a, b, and c are

Examples of quadratic equations in general form:


3x2 12x + 5 = 0;

k2 2k = 0;

4m2 25 = 0

2.

Observe the examples, the highest degree (power) of the unknown of the quadratic equations is 2.

3.

The roots of a quadratic equation are values of the unknown that satisfy the equation.

4.

A quadratic equation can only has the highest of two roots.

5.

The primitive method to determine the roots of a quadratic equation is by substitution or trial and error method.

Exercise 2.1(a)
1.

(a)

Write each of the following quadratic equation in general form.


Tulis setiap persamaan kuadratik berikut dalam bentuk am.
3
1 3 x 2 2 x x 2 4
1 2x
(b)
x

(c)

( 2m 1) 2 2m 3

(d)

(e)
AMF4/Tue/W1

2
x

(f)

4x

5
x

4 ( 2 y 1) 2 y 3 y

@cikgubid

Exercise 2.1(b)

2.

Express the following quadratic equation in the general form

ax 2 bx c 0

. State the values of a, b and c.

ax bx c 0
2

Ungkapkan setiap persamaan kuadratik berikut dalam bentuk am


bagi a, b dan c.
x ( x 7) 2 6
6(1 x 2 ) 4 5 x
(a)
(b)

(c)

(1 x )(2 x 3) 1 4 x
(d)

2 3x
4

(e)

3
2y
(g)

(f)

1
y

(5 3 x ) 2 2 x

x( 2 x)

8x 3

3z

(h)

. Seterusnya nyatakan nilai

1
z

3
5

Exercise 2.1(c)

AMF4/Tue/W1

@cikgubid

3.

3
Check whether the value given in each of the following quadratic equations is the root of the quadratic equation.
Semak sama ada nilai setiap persamaan kuadratik yang diberi berikut adalah punca bagi persamaan kuadratik.
x 2 5 x 4 0; x 4
(a)
3 x 2 7 x 2 0;

(b)
x

x (6 x 7) 1;

(d)

5 x 2 17 x 6;

(c)

5
1
6

4.

Given that 3 is a root of the equation

5.

Given that 2 is a root of the equation

ax 2 4 x 2 0

, find the value of a.


ax 2 4 x 2 0
Diberi bahawa 3 salah satu daripada punca-punca persamaan kuadratik
, cari nilai bagi a.

( 2 x 1)( x 3) k ( x 1)

, where k is a constant, find the value of k.


(2 x 1)( x 3) k ( x 1)
Diberi bahawa 2 salah satu daripada punca-punca persamaan kuadratik
, cari nilai
bagi k.

6.

Given

is one of the roots of the quadratic equation


1

Diberi bahawa
bagi k.

AMF4/Tue/W1

k x2 2k x k 1 0

, find the value of k.

salah satu daripada punca-punca persamaan kuadratik

k x2 2kx k 1 0

, cari nilai

@cikgubid

4
1

7.

Given

and

are the roots of the quadratic equation

ax 2 bx 1 0

, find the value of a and of b.

Diberi
b.

AMF4/Tue/W1

dan

adalah punca-punca bagi persamaan kuadratik

ax 2 bx 1 0

, cari nilai-nilai bagi a dan

@cikgubid

5
2

8.

9.

( 4a b) x (b a ) x 5ab 0
The quadratic equation
has roots 3 and 5. Find the values of a and b.
2
( 4a b) x (b a ) x 5ab 0
Persamaan kuadratik
mempunyai punca-punca 3 dan 5. Cari nilai dan nilai
b.

Determine the roots of the following quadratic equations by the inspection and substitution method.
x 2 4x 3 0
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

AMF4/Tue/W1

x 2 3 x 10

2 x 2 3x 1 0

(3 x)( x 1) 0

( x 2) 2 9

@cikgubid