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Work on solid waste treatment plant begins

Ignatius Pereira
Project expected to be commissioned in October 2009

Project estimated to cost Rs.6.50 crore


The existing waste dumping site to be closed

KOLLAM: Jamshedpur Utility and Services Company Limited (JUSCO), a Tata enterprise, has begun the
preliminary work at Kureepuzha here to construct a comprehensive municipal solid waste management
project for the city.
Chief of JUSCOs public health wing Captain Dhananjay Mishra told The Hindu over telephone from
Jamshedpur that the project would be commissioned in October next year.
The project involves establishment of an integrated solid waste processing and disposal facility, a new
engineered sanitary landfill facility, closure of the existing waste dump site, erection of an electromechanical compost plant and establishment of a leachate (liquid that seeps from a landfill) treatment
plant.
The agreement for constructing the project was signed between JUSCO and the Kerala Sustainable
Urban Development Project (KSUDP) on July 29 last in the presence of Mayor N. Padmalochanan at the
corporation office here.
The signatories to the agreement are Captain Mishra and KSUDP project manager K. Ajikumaran.
Captain Mishra said it would be a Rs.6.50-crore project having a capacity to process and dispose 100
tonnes of waste each day. He said studies conducted by JUSCO showed that the city produced around 60
tonnes of solid waste a day. An extra 40 tonne processing capacity would be added to meet the needs of
the future.
He said right now at Kureepuzha, during the rainy season, there was an alarming seepage of leachate
into nearby drinking water wells and Ashtamudi Lake. The landfill site would be one that obstructed such
seepage of leachate. The project would be built, commissioned and then transferred to the corporation.
Personnel to operate the project would be trained by JUSCO. Preliminary work on the project began in
September. Captain Mishra said that with the commissioning of the project, the pollution problem at
Kureepuzha would come to an end. The project would help Kollam city comply with the Management and
Handling Rules 2000 and contribute towards conserving Ashtamudi Lake, he said.
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JUSCO blames Kollam Corportaion


Author: Express News Service

Published Date: Apr 26, 2012 3:51 AM

Last Updated: May 16, 2012 7:45 PM

KOLLAM: Even as the Kollam Corporation remains locked in a stalemate with the
residents of Kureepuzha over the garbage treatment plant for almost a year, it also seems
to be at loggerheads wit
KOLLAM: Even as the Kollam Corporation remains locked in a stalemate with the residents of Kureepuzha over
the garbage treatment plant for almost a year, it also seems to be at loggerheads with the construction agency of
the plant, Jamshedpur Utility and Services Company Limited (JUSCO).
While JUSCO, a Tata enterprise, blames the Corporation for making a grave mistake in choosing an inhabited
area for the plant, the Corporation maintains that the standoff with the residents sparked off due to the delay
caused by JUSCO in the construction of the Leachate Treatment Plant.
Chief of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) wing of JUSCO K Arun told Express over phone that Kollam Corporation
has to be blamed for the issues that has propped up as it chose the wrong site for the plant.
The Leachate Treatment Plant should not be constructed in an inhabited area.
The leachate is the liquid that seeps from a landfill and can contain highly toxic components, he said.
Terming that the public was right in the Kureepuzha Plant issue, Arun said that due to the mistake made by the
Corporation, JUSCO was also suffering.
Only 60 percent of the amount has been paid and a payment of Rs 1.75 crore has been delayed for the past
one-and-a-half years.
We are on the receiving end due to the delay caused to complete the construction, as the price of materials and
labour costs are increasing.
We have called back our site engineers too due to the delay, he said.
Meanwhile, Mayor Prasanna Earnest blamed JUSCO for the delay in the construction of the Leachate Treatment
Plant.
(The agreement with the JUSCO involved construction of an engineered sanitary landfill facility,
electromechanical compost plant and establishment of a leachate treatment plant.
The plant was commissioned after constructing the landfill facility and compost plant on July 29, 2010.) After
commissioning the plant, JUSCO delayed the construction of the leachate treatment plant for over a year, citing
non-availability of raw materials.
As a result, the garbage brought to the plant remained unprocessed, which led to the residents agitation, she
said.
Corporation suffered another major setback due to the delay with the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) rules being
notified in January 2011.
The protestors raised objection against the leachate plant, which was to be constructed near the bank of the
Ashtamudi Lake, citing the CRZ rules and they moved the High Court against it.

This forced the Corporation to identify another site and couple of alternative sites identified by the Corporation
too drew flak from the protestors.
Forty five cents of land in front of the plant had been identified and the plant would be constructed based on the
directives of the Pollution Control Board, the Mayor said, adding that the Corporation was determined to begin
the operations of the plant at the earliest.

TODAY'S PAPER NATIONAL KERALA

KOLLAM, August 13, 2011

Pollution near Kureepuzha alarming: study


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Water in Ashtamudi Lake contaminated


A recent study has concluded that the pollution level of groundwater near the solid waste
dumping site of the Kollam City Corporation at Kureepuzha has reached alarming proportions.
The study, conducted by the Zoology Department of Fatima Mata National College and the
Environmental Sciences Department of the University of Kerala, was published in the latest
edition of the Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment. The team was led by Sherly
Williams and comprised Razeena Karim and D.S. Jaya. The study reports severe bacterial
contamination of open wells in the vicinity of the site, caused by leachates from garbage.
Boil for 20 minutes'
The study proposes that people should drink water from these wells only after boiling it for at
least 20 minutes. High physico-chemical and bacteriological contamination was recorded in the
water of Ashtamudi Lake course along the waste dumping site.
Since the wells in the area are the chief source of potable water, those living near the dumping
site are vulnerable to water-borne diseases. Leachate reduces the oxygen content in the water,
posing a threat to the aquatic life of the lake.
While the Corporation estimates that 108 metric tonnes of solid waste is generated each day in
the city, waste quantification and characterisation surveys conducted in the city as part of the
study puts the figure at about 164 metric tonnes.
A significant portion of the waste is dumped on the streets or open collection points, causing
severe pollution in the city. Only about 18 per cent of the waste reaches the Kureepuzha dumping
site. Since there is no waste treatment system in the city, the entire solid waste collected is
dumped at this site. In fact, waste collected in the past several years lay accumulated at the site.

Dr. Williams said that the team is conducting further studies to assess hazard to various aquatic
life in Ashtamudi Lake near the dumping site.

Kollam Corporation

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Solid Waste Management


Waste Generation
The resident of the city generate solid waste at an estimated of 200 grams per capita per day. Based
on Census 2001 population figures of 0.32 million for Kollam city, the total waste generated would be
64.00 MT/day. Table 9-11 indicates the source wise solid waste generation at the corporation level.
Table 9-11 Waste Generation in Kollam (2001)

Sl. No.

Source of Waste
Generation

Waste Generation per


day(MT)

Percentage to
the Total

1
2
3
4
5
6

Domestic waste
Shops and establishment
Vegetable and fruit market
Meat fish and slaughter
house
Clinical waste
Construction/Demolition
Total

54.80
14.55
3.70

63.76
22.73
5.78

2.00

3.12

1.40
1.55
74.00

2.18
2.43
100.00

Street Cleansing
Under the Kerala Municipalities Act 1994, road/street sweeping and drain cleaning are obligatory
responsibilities of the Municipal Corporation area has been geographically divided into 50 wards
deploying Sanitary Workers and Drivers under the supervision of a Sanitary Inspector . The
sweepers of the Kollam Municipal Corporation (MC) are provided with the tools /Equipment like
brooms made of coconut leaves, baskets, wheelbarrow/push carts and shovels for the street
cleansing operation. Only the main roads and city centre area are cleaned daily b between 06.30
hours and 12.30 hours; other parts of the city are not. Street sweepers keep the waste collected in
small
heaps,
which
are
removed
by
a
handcart
collection
crew.
Primary Collection and Storage
In Kollam, a large section of household , shops and commercial establishments generally do not
practice waste segregation at source. A few households/commercial establishments separate
recyclable/reuse
waste
and
sell
the
same
to
scrap
dealers.
Currently residents leave their household refuse at the nearest open temporary storage point in
the morning from where it is collected by the Municipal Corporation (MC) staff Market waste is
directly collected form large heaps accumulated in front of the market; none of the market stalls
have individual containers. At the SNT fish and meat market the common practice is to dump
waste in to the adjacent area long side a canals. Every day after1800 hours the waste is openly
burnet.
Shops
have
no
individual
storage
bins.
There are 260 waste collection points located with in the M C area using a variety of methods for
the primary collection And storage of solid waste comprising : (i) open storage points;(ii) concrete
cylindrical
bins:
(iii)
small
steal
bins.
All
bins
are
emptied
manually.
Secondary open collection point are open places of waste disposal conveniently identified by the
conservancy staff for waste disposal from house holds, street sweepings and drain cleanings.
These are spread all over the city where waste is stored openly prior to being collected and
transported
for
disposal
.
Concrete cylindrical bins have been placed in residential areas but are mostly phased out due to
difficulty
in
emptying.
Transportation

of

wastes

Kollam MCs Health Department has a fleet of 26 collection vehicles of which four vehicles

(tractor trailers) are its own. The remaining 22 vehicles are hired Lorries and this number could
increase during festivals or as per requirements. All loading and unloading operations are manually
handled. At present there are no waste transfer points ( temporary dumping yard ) and waste is
transported directly to the disposal site. In FY 2003-04 the MC spent Rs320,000 on hired Lorries.
There is no routine planning for the collection and transportation of waste from different parts of the
city. Vehicles collect waste from open storage areas/dustbins as and when required especially in
residential areas. These sites are often attended to more on the basis of the complaints received.
Most open storage points/dustbins are not cleared everyday. The garbage is removed from 06.30
hours
to
12.30
hours.
Disposal

and

Treatment

of

Wastes

Kollam MC is operating a municipal waste composting plant and disposal site (4Ha) at
Kureepuzha 6 k m from the city centre, functioning since 2002. A total of 30 to 35 MT of
unsegregated waste is transported to the site out of which 15 to 20 MT is converted into compost.
The rejects of the compost plant are disposed into trenches, which is then covered with clay. The
compost plant was constructed at a cost of Rs. 1.75 crores which has been handed over to PMT
Earthmovers for operation. There are the three Orgavor machines each having a processing
capacity of 15 MT per day. The Corporation makes a payment of Rs 281,000 per month to the
contractor for operating the plant. The current installed capacity of the plant is 45MT per day. There
is a need for providing a weighbridge and extension of the present shed at the composting plant. The
area
required
for
sanitary
landfill
up
to
the
year
2021
is
3
Ha.
Bio Medical Waste: There are 20 private clinics, hospitals and nursing homes within Kollam
Municipal Corporation. The Corporation does not dispose of any medical waste. There is a
biomedical treatment plant (BMTP)located pallakad and a vehicle from BMTP, pallakad normally
collects the waste from Kollam.

Attachment
Executive Summary STP kollam .pdf
Executive Summary WTP kollam.pdf
EXEUTIVE SUMMARY biogas plant kollam..pdf
Executive summary STP .pdf

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