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A.

Lets Get Ready

TASK 1
Study this following notes!
PROCEDURE TEXT
The Definition Of Procedure Text
Procedure text is a text that is designed to describe how something
is achieved through a sequence of actions or steps. It explains how
people perform different processes in a sequence of steps.
1. Goal/aim ( or title)
2. Materials (not required for all procedural texts)
3. Steps (the actions that must be taken)
Language Features of Procedure Text
In the Procedure Text, we use:
1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE.
2. Use of imperatives (e.g.: cut, dont mix)
3. Use of action verbs (e.g.: turn, put, mix)
4. Use of connectives (e.g. : first, then, finally, )
5. Use of adverbial phrases (e.g. : for five minutes, 2 centimeters from
the top)
Generic Structure of Procedure
1. Goal : It is containt the purpose of the text. (e.g : How to make
spagheti)
2. Material or Ingredient : it is containt of the materials that used in
the process. (e.g : the material to cook omelette are egg, onion,
vegetable oil, etc)
3. Step : it is containt of the steps to make something in the goal.
(e.g : first, wash the tomatoes, onion, ...., second cut the onions
becomes slice. . .

Purpose of a Procedure Text

An anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned


actions. A particular course of action intended to achieve a result.
Or To help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of
instructions or directions.
Example of Procedure:
How to make Coconut Shell Stilts (aim/goal)
You

need (materials)

Materials:
Two coconut shells
Sharp knife
String or rope (about 1 meter long)
Sandpaper
Paint and brush
Nail
Steps:
1. First, shape the coconut shells into semi-circle for each.
2. After that, take off the fiber of the coconut shell by polishing the
-

surface with sandpaper.


3. Make a small hole in the top of the coconut shells with the nail.
4. Paint the coconut shells and decorate it as you want with the paint
and the brush.
5. If the paint has already dried, put on the upper end of the rope into
one of the coconuts shells hole. Then, tie it up.
6. Take the other end of the rope and put it on the left coconut shells
hole.
Last, tie it up firmly.
7. Finally, you can play it with your friends and feel the joy to play it!

Grammar Focus in Procedure Text


Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense is to express general truth or fact,


and habitual activities/ actions. The tme references used in Simple
Present Tense are ever... (week/ month/ year/ etc.), always, often,
usually, sometimes, seldom, never, etc. the pattern of Simple Present
Tense is as followed:
a. Verbal Pattren
(+) He, she, it + V1-s/es
(-) He, she, it +does+ not + V1

(+) I, we, you, they +V1


(-) I, we, you, they + do +

not+ V1
(?) Does+ he, she, it + V1?

(?) Do+ I, we, you, they + V1?

b. Nominal Pattern
(+) He, she, it +is + Adj/N

(+) They, we, you + are+

Ajd/N
(-) He, she, it + is+ not + Adj/N

(-) They, we, you+ are+ not+

Adj/ N
(?) Is + He, She, It + Ajd/ N ?

(?) Are+ They, we, you+

Adj/N?
(+) I+ is+ Adj/N
(-) I+ am+ not+ Adj/N
(?) Am+ I+ Adj/N?

TASK 2

Study and pronounce the following words. Then, read


the text and answer the questions!
bay leaf [ beli:f] (kb)

: daun salam

boil [ bl] (kkt)

: didihkan

candlenut [kndlnt](kb)

: kemiri

clove [kluv] (kb)

: butir; siung

coriander seed [krn si:d](kb)

: ketumbar

galangal [glanga] (kb)

: laos

garlic [ga: lk] (kb)

: bawang putih

green jack fruit [gri:n dk fru:t] (kb)


pour [p:r] (kkt)

: nangka muda

: tuang

onion [njn] (kb)

: bawang merah

saut [sute] (kkt/kki)

: tumis

shrimp cracker [rimp krk] (kb) : kerupuk udang


shrimp paste [pest] rimp (kkt)

: terasi udang

simmer [sme] (kkt)

: didihkan (dengan api kecil)

stir [st:] (kkt)

: aduk

tamarind [tmrnd] (kb)

: asam

tender[tend] (ks)

: lunak

Gudeg Jogja (Green Jack Fruit Sweet Stew)

Ingredients:
- 5 onions
- 10 candlenuts
- 10 garlic cloves
- 4 bay
- 1/2 lb. (250g) green jack fruit
- 2-1/2 tsp. (12g) coriander seeds
- 1-1/4 tsp. (6g) cumin
- 1/4 cup (62ml) coconut sugar
- 2 cups (500ml) coconut milk
- 2 tsp. (30g) tamarind
- 2 lb. (1kg) chicken (cut into small pieces with bone)
- 5 cups (1.25l) water
- 2 inches bruised galangal
Instructions:
First, cut green jack fruit 1 inch thick. Wash and boil until tender.
Next, ground onions, candle nuts, saut paste, bay leaves, and
galangal until fragrant. -Add the chicken pieces, stir fry until chicken
changes clour. Then, pour 4 cups of water and coconut sugar, bring to
a boil. Add the green jack fruit and simmer until the chicken and
vegetables are tender. Finally, add coconut milk 5 minutes before its
done, bring back to a boil. Serve hot with rice. This dish is sweet and
usually served with shrimp cracker.
Adapted from: http://original-indonesian-recipe.blogspot.com

Notes:
tbs: tablespoon lb: pound tsp: teaspoon

oz: ounce kg: kilogram

l: litre g: gram

ml: millilitre

Questions:
1. What does the text tell you?
2. What ingredients do you need?
3. What equipment do you need?
4. What are the steps to cook it?
5. How do you serve it?

B. Lets Study More!

TASK 1

Fill in the blanks with the suitable words in the box. Compare
your work with a classmates. Look at the example!
First cook finally then cut

absorbed

stir oil

Satay Ayam Madura (Madura Chicken Satay)


Ingredients:
2 chicken breasts, each 360 g
3 tbs vegetable oil
1 small onion, peeled and finely chopped
1 garlic clove, peeled and finely chopped
2 candle nuts, grated
2 tbs coconut, desiccated

1 tbs coriander
1 tbs sambal
tbs lemon grass, ground
1 pea-size dried shrimp paste, softened with 2 tbs water
1 tbs brown sugar
bamboo or metal skewers
Instructions:
First, skin the chicken breasts, if desired, and ______ into bite-size
cubes and set aside.
_________, heat __________ in a saucepan and add all remaining
ingredients. _______ well and heat through before removing from

heat.
After that, add the chicken cubes to cooked mixture and leave for

at least 1 hour to allow strong aromatic spices to be ___________.


___________, skewer marinated meat and ________ until well done
over charcoal heat. Serve it.
Adapted from http://www.indolists.com Picture: http://warunglele.com

TASK 2

In pairs, match the words in Column A with the synonyms in


Column B. Consult your dictionary if necessary. Look at the
example.
A

Desicctate

Cut

Chop

Separate

Fry

Dry

Boil

Shed

Peel

Skin

Strain

Saute

Grate

Simmer

Steep

Soak

TASK 3

To which picture do the steps belong? Look at the example.


You may work in pairs.
N
o
1

Pictures

Steps
Boil one egg and
slice it.
Boil young cabbage,
long beans, and slice
them.

Coto Makassar
2

Risoles

Pempek

Klepon

Cut beef into big


chunks.
Ground onions,
garlic, coriander
seeds, roasted
peanuts, and Holland
red pepper to a fine
past
Put some dough into
your hand and put
half boiled egg
inside, then boil in
water until oating.
Drain all the water,
deep fry it and add
some of the soup
Cut beef into big
chunks.
Ground onions,
garlic, coriander
seeds, roasted
peanuts, and Holland
red pepper to a fi ne
paste.
Mix 1/2 of the egg
with our and
butter.
Form thin layer of
squares - for
wrappers.

Ice tamarind
6

Mix 1/2 of the egg


with our and
butter.
Form thin layer of
squares - for
wrappers.
Gado-gado

TASK 4
Find two Indonesian food recipes. Then, write them
down in the boxes!

C. Lets Make Reflection!


Reect on your learning in this unit and write down your reection in
the space below.
What I like best in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________
What I dont like in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________
The improvement I have made after learning English in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
____________

A.Lets Get Ready

TASK 1
Study the following pictures! Discuss with your classmates to
name the characters and then match them with their origin.
Look at the example!
1

1.
2.
3.
4.

The Legend of Banyuwangi


.
.
.
5. .

West Sumatra
East Java
Bali
Yogyakarta
West Java

TASK 2
In pairs, answer the following questions!
1. How many Indonesian folktales have you ever heard? Mention them!
Which one is your favorite?
2. What do you think about legend, myth, or fable? Do you believe in
those stories?
3. Among the characters in Task 1, who do you think the most
interesting? Why?

TASK 3
Lets read this story and answer the following
questions!
The Legend of Banyuwangi
ONCE upon a time in Sindureja Kingdom, King Sidareja was
talking to his vice regent, his name was Patih Sidapaksa. The King
asked Patih Sidapaksa to give him the esh of a young deer.
Patih Sidapaksa took the mission. When he arrived in the jungle,
he saw a young deer. He pointed his arrow to the deer. Unfortunately,
he missed the target. He ran after the deer. He was running and
running until he arrived at a hut. Patih Sidapaksa knocked the door.
A young and beautiful girl opened the door. She was very
beautiful. Patih Sidapaksa fell in love at the first sight. How can I help
you Sir? asked the girl. "I...I...am looking for a young
deer", Patih Sidapaksa was speechless. "You can find a lot of deer in
the jungle. But it's already late and it will be dark soon. You can
continue hunting tomorrow morning. You can come and spend the
night here. Both my father and I are happy to welcome you", said the
girl. Patih Sidapaksa accepted the offer. He introduced himself. The
girl's name was Sri Tanjung and her father's name was Ki Buyut.

In the morning, Patih Sidapaksa continued his hunting and after


he got a young deer he returned to the hut. He came back because he
wanted to marry Sri Tanjung. Luckily, Sri Tanjung also loved him.
Later Patih Sidapaksa asked them to join him to the palace. The
King was very happy Patih Sidapaksa brought him a young deer.
However he was also amazed by the beauty of Sri Tanjung.
The King also fell in love with her. The King had a bad plan. He
wanted to marry Sri Tanjung. So he gave Patih Sidapaksa a very
difficult mission. The King asked Patih Sidapaksa to give him three
golden rings from Indran Kingdom. Patih Sidapaksa knew the mission
was more difficult than hunting a young deer. Indran Kingdom was not
an ordinary kingdom. It was a kingdom of criminals! No one ever came
back after going there. However he still accepted the mission. And
before he left, he asked Sri Tanjung to wait for him.
After Patih Sidapaksa left, the King approached Sri Tanjung. He
proposed Sri Tanjung to marry him. He promised Sri Tanjung to be a
queen. She did not accept the proposal. She loved Patih Sidapaksa and
she already promised to wait for him. The King was angry and put her
in the jail.
Luckily, Patih Sidapaksa could do the mission and came back to
the palace. Sadly he could not meet Sri Tanjung. The King lied. He
said Sri Tanjung was in jail because she asked the King to marry her.
The
King
said Sri Tanjung wanted
to
be
a
queen.
At
first Patih Sidapaksa believed the King. Sri Tanjung then said, "Throw
me to the river. If the river smells good, it means I'm innocent.
However if the river smells bad, then the King is lying",
said Sri Tanjung.
Patih Sidapaksa then threw her into the river. Amazingly, the
river smelled good. Patih Sidapaksa was very sorry. Sri Tanjung died.
He regretted not to believe her.
When
the
river
smelled
good,
people
instantly
said Banyuwangi. Banyu means water and Wangi means good smell.
Since then the place has been named Banyuwangi. ***
(Taken from: http://indonesianfolklore.blogspot.co.id)
Questions:
1. Who is Sidapaksa?
2. What is the first mission that the King asked to Sidapaksa?
3. Who lived in the hut?
4. What did Sri Tanjung suggest when she welcomed Sidapaksa?

5. How was the Kings reaction when he saw Sri Tanjung?


6. How is the ending of the story?

B. Lets Study More

TASK 1
Study the following notes!
What is the text in Task 3 called?
The text in Task 14 is called narrative text. A Narrative text is a text
that the purpose is to entertain and instruct the readers.
- It entertains because it deals with the unusual and unexpected
development of events.
- It instructs because it teaches readers that problems should be
confronted, and attempts made to resolve them.

The Generic structure


narrative text

or

the

organization

of

1) Orientation: a stage that introduces the main character/s in a


setting of time and place.
2) Complication: A crisis arises. The events are evaluated by the
character/s, thus making it clear to the reader that a crisis has
developed.

3)
resolved.

Resolution: The problem is resolved or attempted to be

4) Evaluation (optional): A stage which makes explicit how the


character has changed and what has been learned from the
experience.
5) Reorientation (optional): The conclusion of the story.

The Grammatical Feature of narrative text


-

use of particular nouns to refer or to describe the particular


people, animals and things that the story is about;
use of adjectives to build noun groups to describe the people,
animals or things in the story;
use of time connectives and conjunctions to sequence events
through time;
use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to locate the particular
events;
use of past tense action verbs to indicate the actions; and
use of saying and thinking verbs to indicate what characters are
feeling, thinking or saying.

TASK 2
Study this following information!
FOLK TALES
Have you ever heard about folk tales?
Folk tales are kinds of narrative text. Folk tale is a story that has
no known author and was originally passed from one generation
to another by word of mouth.
There are 5 kinds of Folk tales;
a. Fable
b. Myth
c. Legend
d. Fairy tales
e. Tall tales
Below are the lists of differences between them:
Aspects Fairy Tales
Characters

Fables

*Royalty
*Animals
(King, Queen, acting
etc.)
like

Myths

Legends

Tall Tales

*God
*Goddes
ses

*Everyday
people
*Animals

*Everyday
people with
superhuma

*Fairy

people
*3 or less

Setting

*Castle
*Forest

Proble
m

Good vs. Evil

*Forest
*Generall
y outside
somewhe
re
Only one
problem
using
trickery

Solutio
n

*Magic
*Ends
*happily ever with
after
lesson
(Moral)

*Not
specific

Explains
somethi
ng that
happens
in
nature
by using
gods
and
goddess
es
*Good=
rewarde
d
*Bad=
punishe
d
*Magic
*Unusua
l
creature
s
Can
teach a
lesson

are often n abilities


become
the main
characters
*known
*Linked
places
into a real
historical
time period
Explains
how
or
why
something
in nature
come
to
be

Problem
solved in a
humorous
way

*Magic
*Sometim
es
it
teaches a
lesson

*Exaggerat
ed details
*Tells
us
about
a
persons
accomplish
ments

C. Lets Do More!

TASK 1
Rearrange the jumbled paragraphs of the story
entitled Timun Mas into a good text by numbering the
paragraphs! Look at the example!
ONCE upon a time, not far from a jungle, lived a husband
and a wife. They were farmers. They were diligent
farmers and always worked hard in the paddy fields. They
had been married for many years and still not have a
child yet. Every day they prayed and prayed for a child.

Paragraph
1

Not long after that, a big golden cucumber grew from


plants. After it had ripe, the farmers picked and cut it.
They were very surprised to see beautiful girl inside the

Paragraph .
..

cucumber. They named her Timun Mas or Golden


Cucumber. Years passed by and Timun Mas has changed
into a beautiful girl.
One night, while they were praying, a giant passed their
house. The giant heard they pray. "Don't worry farmers. I
can give you a child. But you have to give me that child
when she is 17 years old," said the giant.

Paragraph .
..

On her 17th birthday, Timun Mas was very happy.


However, the parents were very sad. They knew they had
to keep their promise to the giant but they also did not
want to lose their beloved daughter. "My daughter, take
this bag. It can save you from the giant," said the father.
"What do you mean, Father? I don't understand,"
said Timun Mas.

Paragraph .
..

The farmers were so happy. They did not think about the
risk of losing their child later and agree to take the offer.
Later, the giant gave them a bunch of cucumber seeds.
The farmers planted them carefully. Then the seeds
changed into plants.

Paragraph .
..

However, the giant was still able to


Paragraph .
chase Timun Mas. Timun Mas took her third magic stuff. It . .
was cucumber seeds. She threw them and became
cucumber field.
But the giant still could escape from the field. Then it was
the last magic stuff she had in the bag. It was a shrimp
paste, terasi. She threw it and became a big swamp.
The giant was still trying to swim the swamp but he was
very tired. Then he was drowning and died. Timun Mas
then immediately went home. The farmers were so happy
that they finally together again. ***

Paragraph .
..

Timun Mas then opened the bag and threw a handful of


salt. It became a sea. The giant had to swim to cross the

Paragraph .
..

sea. Later, Timun Mas threw some chilli. It became a


jungle with trees. The trees had sharp thorns so they hurt
the giant.
Right after that, the giant came into their house.
"Run Timun Mas. Save your life!" said the mother. The
giant was angry. He knew the farmers wanted to break
their promise. He chased Timun Mas away. The giant was
getting closer and closer.

Paragraph .
..

TASK 2
Match the following adjectives in Column A with the
antonyms in Column B! Look at the example!
A

diligent

delightful

big

carelessly

ripe

dull

beautiful

lazy

sad
carefully

small

sharp

ugly

TASK 3

Complete the following story with the words in the


box! Make any verb changes if necessary! Look at the
example!
Give
Propose
Forgive
Grow

Hear
come
learn
find

Want
die
have

Calon Arang
Calon Arang was a widow of Girah who gave birth to a daughter
in the jungle. Her daughter up to be the famed beauty Ratna
Menggali. Calon Arang her daughter to marry a prince from
Airlanggas palace. However, no prince along. Infuriated by this,
Calon Arang the art of black magic and practised it against the
kingdom, causing many people to die.
When the king Airlangga of the epidemic in Girah, he
consulted his high priest, Mpu
Bharadah. The priest then sent his son to Ratna Menggali. Calon
Arang was pleased, the curse ended, and the couple wed.
Calon Arang inscribed her black magic secret on a lontar (palm
leaf book). One day, her son-in-law it and gave it to his father. When
Calon Arang found out that Mpu Bharadah had learned her secrets, she
was furious and declared war upon him. The priest no choice but to
fight and, in a deadly struggle, destroyed the widow by casting a spell.
Before she , Calon Arang asked forgiveness. Mpu Bharadah her
and showed her the way to heaven.
Adapted from: http://www.bali-directory.com

A. Lets Make Reflection!


Reect on your learning in this unit and write down your reection in
the space below.
What I like best in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________
What I dont like in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________
The improvement I have made after learning English in this unit:
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
____________

References
Renitasari, Virga, Joko Priyana, Ph.D, Arnys Rahayu Irjayanti. 2008.
Interlanguage: English for Senior High School Students X. Jakarta: Pusat
Perbukuan. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
file:///C:/Users/USER/Downloads/Inter_Languange_Kelas_10_Joko_Priyana_Virg
a_Renitasari_AR_irjayani_2008.pdf(cited on Thursday 5th January 2017)
Effendi, Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng. 2009. Developing English
Competencies 2 : For Senior High School (SMA/MA)
Grade XI of Natural and Social Science Programmes. Jakarta: Pusat
Perbukuan. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
http://bsd.pendidikan.id/data/SMA_11/Developing_English_Competencies_2_K

elas_11_Achmad_Doddy_Achmad_Sugeng_Effendi_2009.pdf (cited on
Thursday 5th January 2017)

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