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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

shown. Determine the resultant internal loadings acting on

the section through point A.

0.3 m

A

30

0.1 m

80 N

Equations of Equilibrium:

+

QFx = 0;

NA - 80 cos 15 = 0

NA = 77.3 N

a+ Fy = 0;

Ans.

VA - 80 sin 15 = 0

VA = 20.7 N

a+

MA = 0;

Ans.

- 80 sin 45(0.1 + 0.3 sin 30) = 0

MA = -0.555 N # m

Ans.

or

a+

MA = 0;

-80 cos 15(0.1 cos 30) = 0

MA = -0.555 N # m

Ans.

Negative sign indicates that MA acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

45

01 Solutions 46060

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

have a uniform weight of 50 lb/ft. If the hoist and load weigh

300 lb, determine the resultant internal loadings in the crane

on cross sections through points A, B, and C.

D

2 ft

B

8 ft

3 ft

5 ft

C

300 lb

7 ft

+

; Fx = 0;

+ c Fy = 0;

NA = 0

Ans.

VA - 150 - 300 = 0

VA = 450 lb

a + MA = 0;

Ans.

MA = -1125 lb # ft = -1.125 kip # ft

Ans.

Negative sign indicates that MA acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

Equations of Equilibrium: For point B

+

; Fx = 0;

NB = 0

+ c Fy = 0;

VB - 550 - 300 = 0

Ans.

VB = 850 lb

a + MB = 0;

Ans.

MB = -6325 lb # ft = -6.325 kip # ft

Ans.

Negative sign indicates that MB acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

Equations of Equilibrium: For point C

+

; Fx = 0;

+ c Fy = 0;

VC = 0

Ans.

NC = -1200 lb = -1.20 kip

a + MC = 0;

Ans.

MC = -8125 lb # ft = -8.125 kip # ft

Ans.

Negative signs indicate that NC and MC act in the opposite direction to that shown

on FBD.

01 Solutions 46060

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

on the cross section through point D. Assume the reactions

at the supports A and B are vertical.

6 kip/ft

a + MB = 0;

+ c Fy = 0;

a + MA = 0;

1

1

(6)(6)(2) + (6)(6)(10) - A y(12) = 0 A y = 18.0 kip

2

2

+

: Fx = 0;

ND = 0

18.0 -

1

(6)(6) - VD = 0

2

MD - 18.0 (2) = 0

6 kip/ft

3 ft

D

3 ft

6 ft

Ans.

VD = 0

Ans.

MD = 36.0 kip # ft

Ans.

on the wooden block. Determine the resultant internal

loadings acting on section aa passing through point A.

121.

200 mm

F 900 N

Internal Loadings: Referring to the free-body diagram of the section of the clamp

shown in Fig. a,

Fy = 0;

900 cos 30 - Na - a = 0

Na - a = 779 N

Ans.

Fx = 0;

Va - a - 900 sin 30 = 0

Va - a = 450 N

Ans.

a + MA = 0;

900(0.2) - Ma - a = 0

Ma - a = 180 N # m

12

Ans.

30

a

F 900 N

01 Solutions 46060

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Page 17

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

wall at A, determine the resultant internal loadings acting on

the cross section at B. Neglect the weight of the wrench CD.

300 mm

200 mm

B

60 N

D

400 mm

60 N

150 mm

C

Fx = 0;

(NB)x = 0

Ans.

Fy = 0;

(VB)y = 0

Ans.

Fz = 0;

Ans.

(VB)z = 70.6 N

Mx = 0;

(TB)x = 9.42 N # m

My = 0;

Ans.

(MB)y = 6.23 N # m

Mz = 0;

Ans.

Ans.

(MB)z = 0

17

150 mm

01 Solutions 46060

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Page 23

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

area of 1.25 in2. Determine the average normal stress in

each member due to the loading P = 8 kip. State whether

the stress is tensile or compressive.

3 ft

A

4 ft

Joint A:

sAB =

FAB

13.33

=

= 10.7 ksi

A AB

1.25

(T)

Ans.

sAE =

FAE

10.67

=

= 8.53 ksi

A AE

1.25

(C)

Ans.

(C)

Ans.

Joint E:

sED =

FED

10.67

=

= 8.53 ksi

A ED

1.25

sEB =

FEB

6.0

=

= 4.80 ksi

A EB

1.25

Ans.

(T)

Joint B:

sBC =

FBC

29.33

= 23.5 ksi

=

A BC

1.25

(T)

Ans.

sBD =

FBD

23.33

=

= 18.7 ksi

A BD

1.25

(C)

Ans.

23

E

0.75 P

4 ft

01 Solutions 46060

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2:43 PM

Page 39

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

the load of P = 2 kN is applied to the ring, determine the

average normal stress in each rod if u = 60.

A

u

P

B

+

: Fx = 0;

2 - FAB sin 60 = 0

+ c Fy = 0;

FAB = 2.309 kN

FBC = 1.155 kN

p

(0.0052)

4

A savg B AB =

2.309(103)

FAB

= 117.62(106) Pa = 118 MPa

=

A AB

6.25(10 - 6)p

Ans.

A savg B BC =

1.155(103)

FBC

= 58.81(106) Pa = 58.8 MPa

=

A BC

6.25(10 - 6)p

Ans.

39

01 Solutions 46060

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Page 42

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

force of 50 kip from one plate to the other. Determine the

average normal and average shear stress components that

this loading creates on the face of the weld, section AB.

50 kip

30

30

2 in.

Equations of Equilibrium:

a+ Fy = 0;

+

Q Fx = 0;

N - 50 cos 30 = 0

-V + 50 sin 30 = 0

N = 43.30 kip

A

6 in.

V = 25.0 kip

50 kip

A = a

s =

tavg

2

b (6) = 13.86 in2

sin 60

N

43.30

=

= 3.125 ksi

A

13.86

V

25.0

=

=

= 1.80 ksi

A

13.86

Ans.

Ans.

developed in the pins at A and C. The pins are subjected to

double shear as shown, and each has a diameter of 18 mm.

a + MA = 0;

30

FBC = 40 kN

A

+

: Fx = 0;

A x - 40 cos 30 = 0

+ c Fy = 0;

A y - 20 - 20 + 40 sin 30

A x = 34.64 kN

A y = 20 kN

2m

FA = 2 A x 2 + A y 2 = 2 34.64 2 + 202 = 40 kN

Pins A and C are subjected to double shear. Referring to their FBDs in Figs. b and c,

FA

FBC

40

40

VA =

VC =

=

= 20 kN

=

= 20 kN

2

2

2

2

p

The cross-sectional area of Pins A and C are A A = A C = (0.0182)

4

= 81(10 - 6)p m2. Thus

tA =

20(103)

VA

= 78.59(106) Pa = 78.6 MPa

=

AA

81(10 - 6)p

Ans.

tC =

20(103)

VC

= 78.59(106) Pa = 78.6 MPa

=

AC

81(10 - 6)p

Ans.

42

B

2m

2m

P

01 Solutions 46060

5/6/10

2:43 PM

Page 45

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

the joint. A C-clamp placed between two of the blocks is

used to draw the joint tight. If the glue can withstand a

maximum average shear stress of 800 kPa, determine the

maximum allowable clamping force F.

50 mm

F

glue

45

25 mm

Internal Loadings: The shear force developed on the glued shear plane can be

obtained by writing the force equation of equilibrium along the x axis with

reference to the free-body diagram of the triangular block, Fig. a.

+

: Fx = 0;

F cos 45 - V = 0

V =

2 2

F

2

Average Normal and Shear Stress: The area of the glued shear plane is

A = 0.05(0.025) = 1.25(10 - 3)m2. We obtain

tavg =

V

;

A

2 2

F

2

800(103) =

1.25(10 - 3)

F = 1414 N = 1.41 kN

Ans.

165.

the joint. A C-clamp placed between two of the blocks is

used to draw the joint tight. If the clamping force is

F = 900 N, determine the average shear stress developed

in the glued shear plane.

50 mm

45

F

glue

25 mm

Internal Loadings: The shear force developed on the glued shear plane can be

obtained by writing the force equation of equilibrium along the x axis with

reference to the free-body diagram of the triangular block, Fig. a.

+

: Fx = 0;

900 cos 45 - V = 0

V = 636.40 N

Average Normal and Shear Stress: The area of the glued shear plane is

A = 0.05(0.025) = 1.25(10 - 3)m2. We obtain

tavg =

V

636.40

= 509 kPa

=

A

1.25(10 - 3)

Ans.

45

01 Solutions 46060

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Page 58

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

an allowable normal stress of sallow = 24 ksi. If it is

required that it be able to slowly lift 5000 lb, from u = 20

to u = 50, determine the smallest diameter of the cable to

1

the nearest 16

in. The boom AB has a length of 20 ft.

Neglect the size of the winch. Set d = 12 ft.

u

20 ft

f

sin c

sin 20

=

20

12

c = 11.842

+

: Fx = 0;

+ c Fy = 0;

T = 20 698.3 lb

FAB = 22 896 lb

P

;

s =

A

Use

20 698.3

p

2

4 (d)

d = 1.048 in.

24(103) =

d = 1

1

in.

16

Ans.

the pine block. If the allowable bearing stresses for

these materials are soak = 43 MPa and spine = 25 MPa,

determine the greatest load P that can be supported. If

a rigid bearing plate is used between these materials,

determine its required area so that the maximum load P can

be supported. What is this load?

s =

P

;

A

25(106) =

P

(0.06)(0.06)

P = 90 kN

Ans.

s =

P

;

A

43(106) =

P

(0.06)(0.06)

P = 154.8 kN

Area of plate based on strength of pine block:

154.8(10)3

P

s = ;

25(106) =

A

A

A = 6.19(10 - 3)m2

Ans.

Pmax = 155 kN

Ans.

58

01 Solutions 46060

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2:43 PM

Page 62

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

bike is pinned at C and supported by the shock absorber

BD. If it is designed to support a load of P = 1500 N,

determine the factor of safety of pins B and C against

failure if they are made of a material having a shear failure

stress of tfail = 150 MPa. Pin B has a diameter of 7.5 mm,

and pin C has a diameter of 6.5 mm. Both pins are subjected

to double shear.

P

A

considerning the equilibrium of the free-body diagram of the soft-ride suspension

system shown in Fig. a.

+ MC = 0;

FBD = 5905.36 N

+

: Fx = 0;

Cx - 5905.36 cos 60 = 0

+ c Fy = 0;

Cx = 2952.68 N

Thus,

FB = FBD = 5905.36 N

FC = 2 Cx 2 + Cy 2 = 2 2952.682 + 3614.202

= 4666.98 N

VB =

FB

5905.36

=

= 2952.68N

2

2

VC =

FC

4666.98

=

= 2333.49 N

2

2

Allowable Shear Stress: The areas of the shear plane for pins B and C are

p

p

A B = (0.00752) = 44.179(10 - 6)m2 and A C = (0.00652) = 33.183(10 - 6)m2.

4

4

We obtain

A tavg B B =

VB

2952.68

= 66.84 MPa

=

AB

44.179(10 - 6)

A tavg B C =

VC

2333.49

= 70.32 MPa

=

AC

33.183(10 - 6)

tfail

=

(F.S.)B =

A tavg B B

tfail

(F.S.)C =

=

A tavg B C

100 mm

300 mm

150

= 2.24

66.84

Ans.

150

= 2.13

70.32

Ans.

62

30 mm

B

60

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