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2011

Regulations:

BANNARI AMMAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Anna University)

SATHYAMANGALAM 638 401

Question Bank
Department : Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Branch & Semester :

EEE & VI

Subject Code & Title : 11E601 Solid state drives


Faculty Name

: V.Suresh , R.Ashok kumar

PART A
Marks

Q.
No.
1.

Question

In the consideration which is not involved in the selection of the type of electric drive
for a particular application depends on
A)
Speed control range and its nature
B)

Starting torque

C)

Environmental conditions

D)

Voltage Sag

Thinking
Skill
(Blooms
Taxonomy)

2.

The developed torque in fan and pump drives is


A)
T
B)
T 2
C)
T 3
D)
T IL2

In a mercury arc rectifier positive ions are attracted towards

5.

A)

mercury pool

B)

shell bottom

C)

cathode

D)

anode.

For 3 phase rotary converters, when power factor is unity. the ac line to dc current
ratio is
A)

AC slip ring motor

B)
C)

Ward Leonard controlled DC shunt motor


DC compound motor

D)

Hysteresis motor

For 1 phase rotary converters, when power factor is unity. the ac line to dc current
ratio is

A)

high starting torque

B)

low starting current

C)

speed control over limited range

D)

all of the above

Chopper control for DC motor provides variation in

A)

Input Voltage

B)

Frequency

C)

speed

D)

efficiency

In single phase full converter, if and are firing and extinction angle, then load current is
discontinuous if
A)

( -) >

B)

( -) <

C)

( -) =

D)

( -) = 3 /2

For type A chopper has Vs as source voltage, R as load resistance and as the duty cycle. The output
Voltage for this Chopper is given by

A)
B)
C)
D)

Vs /
Vs / (1- )
Vs (1- )
Vs.

9
In motor circuit static frequency changers are used for

10

A)

Power factor improvement

B)

improved cooling

C)

reversal of direction

D)

speed regulation

Ap

A typical active load is


U
A)
B)
C)
D)

11

A fully controlled line commutated converter operates as an inverter


In the range of firing angles

A)
B)
C)
D)
12

Hoist
Blower
Pump
Lathe
U

0 90
90o 180o
90o 180o with suitable dc source in the load
when it supplies RLE load

The transfer function of converter in a speed controller is

A)

3 2VLL
Ec

B)

2VLL
Ec

C)

3VLL
Ec

D)
13

VLL
Ec

In motor circuit static frequency changers are used for

14

A)

power factor improvement

B)

improved cooling

C)

speed regulation.

D)

reversal of direction

A single-phase half-wave controlled rectifier has 400 sin 314 t as the input voltage
and R as the load. For a firing angle of 60 for the SCR, the average output voltage is
A)
B)
C)

Ap

400/
300/
200/

D)
15

240/
A single-phase one-pulse controlled- circuit has resistance and counter emf load and
400 sin 314 t as the source voltage. For a load counter emf of 200 V, the range of
firing angle control is

Ap

A)

16

17

30 to 150
B)
30 to 180
C) 60 to 180
D) 60 to 120
In a single-phase half-wave circuit with RL load, and a freewheeling diode across the
load, extinction angle 13 is more than 1t. For a firing angle a, the BCR and
freewheeling diode would conduct, respectively, for
A)
-,
B)
-,-
C) - , -
D) - , -
A single-phase full-wave mid point thyristor converter uses a 230/200 V transformer
with center tap on the secondary side. The P.I.V. per thyristor is
A)
100 V
B)
200 V
C) 141.4 V
D) 282.8 V

Ap

18

A single-phase two-pulse bridge converter has an average output voltage and power
output of 500 V and 10 kW respectively. The SCRs used in the two-pulse bridge
converter are now re-employed to form a single-phase two-pulse mid-point converter.
This new controlled converter would give, respectively, an average output voltage and
power output of
A)
500 V, 10 kW
B)
250 V, 5 kW
C) 500 V, 5 kW
D)

19

250 V, 10 kW

In a single-phase full converter, for continuous conduction, each pair of SCRs


conducts for
A)
-
B)

C)

Ap

In a single-phase full converter, for discontinuous load current and extinction angle
> , each SCR conducts for
A)

B)

C) -
D) +
D)

20

21

In a single-phase semi-converter, for continuous conduction, each SCR conducts for


A)
B)
C)
D)

22

+
-

In a single-phase semi converter, for discontinuous conduction and extinction angle >
, each SCR conducts for
A)

B)
-
C) -

. In a single-phase semi converter, with discontinuous conduction and extinction angle


> , freewheeling diode conducts for
A)

B)
-
C) +
D)
. In a single-phase semi converter, with discontinuous conduction and extinction angle
< , freewheeling diode conducts for

D)
23

24

A)
B)
C)
D)
25

-
-
Zero degree

In a single-phase full converter, if and are firing and extinction angles respectively,
then the load current is
A)
discontinuous if (-) <
B)
discontinuous if ( - ) >
C)
D)

discontinuous if ( - ) =
continuous if (-) <

PART B

Q.
No.

Question

Thinking Skill
(Blooms
Taxonomy)

What are the uses of phase controlled rectifiers in DC drives?

Write the expression for the average output voltage of a single phase and three phase full

converter fed DC drive.


What is meant by critical speed in phase controlled DC drives?

Ap

when harmonics are considered ,Three phase converters are better than single phase converters?
Will this advantage be of any use in motor drives?
What are all the conditions to be satisfied for the regenerative braking operation to take place ?

What is discontinuous conduction mode? Mention its merits and demerits

What is meant by duty cycle?

What are the methods of control strategies of chopper control? Which is best suited for DC motor

Ap

control?
What is meant by current limit control?

10

What are the advantages of operating choppers at high frequency?

11

Mention the applications of chopper fed DC drives.

Ap

12

Why thyristors are not preferred now days for chopper fed DC drives?

13

State the conditions for a continuous current conduction mode for DC motor.

14

Draw the diagram of a regenerative chopper fed separately excited DC motor drive

15

Mention the types of electric braking employed for electric drives

16

How critical is the current loop design in a four quadrant DC motor drive?

17

What causes poor input power factor in phase controlled DC drives?

18

State the conditions for a continuous current conduction mode for DC motor

19

Write the expression for the average output voltage of a single phase and three phase full

20

converter fed DC drive?


What are the uses of phase controlled rectifiers in DC drives?

PART C

Q. No.
1.

Question

Explain the operation of a single phase fully controlled converter fed separately excited DC motor
with neat waveforms and derive the speed torque characteristics
Deduce an expression relating speed and torque of a single phase full converter fed separately
excited DC motor drive operating in the continuous current mode and discontinuous modes.
Suggest a SCR based power circuit, fed from a DC supply to control the speed of a separately
excited DC motor in both directions and explain its working
What are the advantages of three phase drives over single phase drives?

Explain the operation of the two quadrant chopper fed DC drive system

Explain in detail the working of a multi quadrant control of chopper fed DC series motor.

A separately excited DC motor with constant field current has an armature source whose potential

2
3

Thinking
Skill
(Blooms
Taxonomy)

Ap
R
U
R
U
U
Ap

difference of 400 V and the speed of the motor is 1600 rpm, if all the losses in the motor are
neglected.
a)

What is the armature current when the load torque is


420 Nm

b)

If the armature potential difference is held at 600 volts


and field current is reduced until the motors at 4000 rpm. Determine the torque
that the motor may exert this speed.

c)
What is the required power rating of the source?
A 220 volts, 1500 rpm, 10 Amps separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 10 . It
is fed from a single phase fully controlled bridge rectifier with an ac source voltage of 230 volts, at

Ap

50 Hz. Assuming continuous load current, compute


a. The motor speed at firing angle of 30 degrees and torque of 5 NM
9

10

b. Developed torque at the firing angle of 45 degrees and speed of 1000 RPM
A separately excited DC motor rated at 10KW, 240 V, 1000 rpm is supplied from a fully controlled
two pulse bridge converter. The converter is supplied at 250 V, 50 Hz supply. An extra inductance
is connected in the load circuit to make the conduction continuous. Determine the speed, power
factor and efficiency of operation for thyristors firing angles of 0 and 60 degrees assuming the
armature resistance of 0.4 and an efficiency of 87% at rated conditions. Assume constant torque
load
A 200 volts, 875 rpm, 150 A separately excited DC motor has an armature resistance of 0.06 . It
is fed from a single phase fully controlled rectifier with an ac source of 220 Volts, 50Hz. Assuming

Ap

Ap

continuous conduction calculate


a. Firing angle for rated motor torque and 750 rpm
11

b. Motor speed for =160 degrees and rated torque


A 220 volts, 1500 rpm, 10 Amps separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 0.5 is
fed from a three phase fully controlled rectifier. Available AC source has a line voltage of 400
volts, 50 Hz. A star-delta connected transformer is used to feed the armature so that motor terminal
voltage equals rated voltage when converter firing angle is zero. Calculate transformer turns ratio.
Determine the value of firing angle when
a. Motor is running at 1200 rpm and rated torque
b. When motor is running at (-800 rpm) and twice the rated torque. Assume continuous

12

conduction.
The speed of a separately excited DC motor is controlled by a chopper. The DC supply voltage is

Ap