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# 2012 VCAA Physics Exam 2 Solutions

2012 itute.com

Q5c When the speed is halved, the peak voltage is halved and
the period is doubled.

## Area of study 1 Electric power

Q1a The magnetic field produced by the solenoid points to the
right (east) at point P. Earths magnetic field points upwards
(north).
magnetic
north

P
Q1b The magnetic field produced by the solenoid points to the
left (west) at point Q. .: the bar magnet aligns itself with the
magnetic field, and its north pole points to the left, assuming
Earths magnetic field is zero. .: C
Q2a When the current is switched on, it flows from J to K, .: the
magnetic force on side KJ is downwards. .: B

Q6a Vrms , s =

Ns
150
Vrms , p =
20 = 5.0 V
Np
600

## Q6b The battery provides a constant voltage at the primary coil

which produces a constant magnetic field in the transformer
core. This constant magnetic field produces a constant magnetic
flux through the secondary coil and thus no voltage is induced
across the secondary coil according to Faradays law of
electromagnetic induction.
Q7a The flux is maximum initially.

## Q2b F = nBIL = 50 0.050 2.0 0.060 = 0.30 N

( )

150 2

V 2
Q3 AC supply: Pav = rms = 2 = 1875 W
R
6.0
2
2
V
120
DC supply: P =
=
2057 W
R
7.0
.: DC supplies the most power to the caravan.

av = n

## Q4b Total resistance of the circuit R = 7.0 + 18 = 25

V
1000
I rms = rms =
= 40 A
R
25

Q7c The output becomes dc when the slip rings are replaced
with a split-ring commutator.

Time taken t =

T
1
1
=
=
= 0.125 s
4 4 f 42

, 3.6 = n

0.0036
, .: n = 125 turns
0.125

## Q4c Across the motor, Vrms = 40 18 = 720 V < 900 V,

.: the pump will not operate correctly. The motor needs 900 V.
Q4d 1st change: Use a step-up transformer to increase the
voltage for transmission. This will reduce the transmission
current for the same power delivered and thus lower the power
loss because Ploss I 2 . A step-down transformer is then used to
restore the high voltage to the correct level.
2nd change: Since Ploss R , .: replace the transmission wires to
those with lower resistance, e.g. wires of the same metal with
greater diameter or wires of a different metal with lower
resistivity.

Q8a A

flux

time
Q8b D

|emf|

time
Q5a Period T = 100 ms = 100 10 3 s, read from the graph.
1
1
.: frequency f = =
= 10 Hz
T 100 10 3
20
Q5b V peak = 20 V, read from the graph, .: Vrms =
14 V
2

Q8c As the square loop moves out of the magnetic field, the
(out of the page) magnetic flux decreases. To compensate for the
decrease in flux an anticlockwise current (from Y to X through
the microammeter) will be induced in the square loop to produce
a magnetic field (out of the page) according to Lenzs law.

2012 itute.com

## Area of study 2 Interactions of light and matter

c

Q1a max =

3.0 108
= 405 10 9 m = 405 nm
7.40 1014

f threshold

## Q1b Increased intensity produces more photons per unit time

but does not change the energy of each photon. Hence the
energy of an electron, after absorption of such a photon, remains
insufficient for it to escape from the metal. The observation of
no emission of photoelectrons contradicts the prediction of the
wave model of light, which relates the energy of the light wave
to the intensity of light. According to the wave model, bright
light provides more energy to the electrons allowing them to
escape.

15

## Q4b Electrons have wave behaviours. An electron in orbit

around a hydrogen nucleus is a standing wave. Only standing
waves of an integral multiple of wavelengths can be sustained
around the nucleus. This explains why only certain energy levels
are stable.

1
A

2
C

hc

Q6 d =

## (6.63 10 )(3.0 10 ) = 3.25 10

8

19

612 10 9
Laser energy in a second:
E = P t = 5.0 10 3 (1) = 5.0 10 3 J

Number of photons

1
C

5.0 10 3
= 1.5 1016
3.25 10 19

)(

9
A

10
D

11
B

12
D

2 1.6 10 19 (4000)
3.8 107 m s-1
31
9.1 10

2eV
=
m

0.12 109
n
0.35 10 9 m = 0.35 nm
= 1

2 sin
2
sin
9
.
8

2
D

3
B

## Q2c Number of wavelengths in 2.142 10 6 m

4
A

2.142 10
=
=
= 3.5

612 10 9
.: it is the fourth dark band on the right of C.

6
B

7
B

)(

8
C

9
D

10
B

11
A

12
D

Q7 The greatest

5
C

## hc 4.14 1015 3.0 108

=
480 10 9 m = 480 nm C
E
2.6
n
n
Q5 sin c = 2 , sin 70 = 2 , n2 1.52
C
ncore
1.62
Q1 =

## Q2b Lights arriving at C from S1 and S2 are in phase because

the path difference is zero. This results in constructive
interference of the two light waves to produce a bright band.

2.142 10

8
A

## Detailed study 2 Photonics

7
D

mv
9.1 10 31 2.7 107
=
0.0011 T = 1.1 mT
re
1.6 10 19 (0.14)

Q5 v =

34

6
C

Q3 B =

Q1d 0.825 eV

E=

5
C

eV 1.6 10 19 (2000)
=
= 6.4 10 15 N
d
0.05

)(7.50 10 ) 2.28

## Q2a Laser photon energy:

4
D

Q2 F =

14

= 0.825 eV

3
A

n2
smallest acceptance angle.
ncore

## Q8 Speed of light in a medium =

B
B

c
, higher n, lower speed.
n

## Q2d Same path difference, .: 2 = 1.5 612 10 9

1
B

.: = 459 10 9 m = 459 nm

)(

1
1
Q3a Ek = mv 2 = 9.1 10 31 1.5 105
2
2
= 0.064 eV
Q3b Electron: =

= 1.024 10

20

Q1 =
J

)(

hc

(6.63 10 )(3.0 10 )
34

4.857 10 9

= 4.095 10 17 J 256 eV

)(

5
D

6
C

7
D

8
A

9
B

10
C

11
A

12

63

= 10 10

12

## = 2.0 106 W m-2

12
C
B
C

1
distance 4 intensity +6 dB, .: 69 dB
2

Q4

Q9 L =

v
340

=
=
= 0.5 m
4 4 f 4 170

## Q10 The next resonance has the same frequency,

.: length = 3L = 1.5 m

4
A

v 340
=
= 3.4 m
f 100
L

## X-ray photon: Same wavelength = 4.857 109 m to produce

the same pattern.
X-ray photon energy E =

3
C

Q3 I = 10 10

h
6.63 10 34
=
= 4.857 10 9 m
mv 9.1 10 31 1.5 105

2
C

## hc 4.14 10 15 3.0 108

.: =
=
478 10 9 m 480 nm
E
2.6
2012 VCAA Physics Exam 2 Solutions

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and/or mathematical errors
2012 itute.com