Section 21

Manufactures

This section presents summary data for
manufacturing as a whole and more
detailed information for major industry
groups and selected products. The types
of measures shown at the different levels
include data for establishments, employment and payroll, plant and equipment
expenditures, value and quantity of production and shipments, value added by
manufacture, inventories, and various
indicators of financial status.
The principal sources of these data are
U.S. Census Bureau reports of the censuses of manufactures conducted every
5 years, the Annual Survey of Manufactures, and Current Industrial Reports.
Reports on current activities of industries
or current movements of individual commodities are compiled by such government agencies as the Bureau of Labor Statistics; the Economic Research Service of
the Department of Agriculture; the International Trade Administration; and by private research or trade associations.
Data on financial aspects of manufacturing industries are collected by the U.S.
Census Bureau (see especially Tables
987−989) as part of the Quarterly Financial Report. Industry aggregates in the
form of balance sheets, profit and loss
statements, analyses of sales and
expenses, lists of subsidiaries, and types
and amounts of security issues are published for leading manufacturing corporations registered with the Securities and
Exchange Commission. The BEA issues
data on capital in manufacturing industries and capacity utilization rates in
manufacturing. See also Section 15,
Business Enterprise.
Several private trade associations provide
industry coverage for certain sections of
the economy. They include the Aluminum
Association (Table 996), American Iron
and Steel Institute (Tables 997 and 998),
Consumer Electronics Association (Table
1004), and the Aerospace Industries Association (Tables 1009 and 1011). Machine
tool consumption data (Table 1000) is

produced jointly by the Association for
Manufacturing Technology and American
Machine Tool Distributors Association.
Censuses and annual surveys—The
first census of manufactures covered the
year 1809. Between 1809 and 1963, a
census was conducted at periodic intervals. Since 1967, it has been taken every
5 years (for years ending in ‘‘2’’ and ‘‘7’’).
Results from the 2002 census are presented in this section utilizing the NAICS
(North American Industry Classification
System). For additional information see
text, Section 15, Business Enterprise, and
the Census Bureau Web site at <http:
//www.census.gov/econ/census02/>.
Census data, either directly reported or
estimated from administrative records,
are obtained for every manufacturing
plant with one or more paid employees.
The Annual Survey of Manufactures
(ASM), conducted for the first time in
1949, collects data for the years between
censuses for the more general measure of
manufacturing activity covered in detail
by the censuses. The annual survey data
are estimates derived from a scientifically
selected sample of establishments. The
2004 annual survey is based on a sample
of about 50,000 from a universe of
346,000 establishments. These establishments represent all manufacturing establishments of multiunit companies and all
single-establishment manufacturing companies mailed schedules in the 2002 Census of Manufactures. For the current panel
of the ASM sample, all establishments of
companies with 2002 shipments in manufacturing in excess of $500 million were
included in the survey with certainty. For
the remaining portion of the mail survey,
the establishment was defined as the
sampling unit. For this portion, all establishments with 500 employees or more
and establishments with a very large
value of shipments also were included.
Therefore, of the 50,000 establishments
included in the ASM panel, approximately
Manufactures

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

621

24,000 are selected with certainty. Smaller establishments in the remaining portion of the mail survey were selected by
sample.
Establishments and classification—
Each of the establishments covered in the
2002 Economic Census—Manufacturing
was classified in 1 of 480 industries (473
manufacturing industries and 7 former
manufacturing industries) in accordance
with the industry definitions in the 2002
NAICS Manual. In the NAICS system, an
industry is generally defined as a group of
establishments that have similar production processes. To the extent practical,
the system uses supply-based or
production-oriented concepts in defining
industries. The resulting group of establishments must be significant in terms of
number, value added by manufacture,
value of shipments, and number of
employees.
Establishments frequently make products
classified both in their industry (primary
products) and other industries (secondary
products). Industry statistics (employment, payroll, value added by manufacture, value of shipments, etc.) reflect the
activities of the establishments, which
may make both primary and secondary
products. Product statistics, however, represent the output of all establishments
without regard for the classification of the
producing establishment. For this reason,
when relating the industry statistics,
especially the value of shipments, to the
product statistics, the composition of the
industry’s output should be considered.
The censuses of manufactures for 1947
through 1992 cover operating manufacturing establishments as defined in the
Standard Industrial Classification Manual

622

(SIC), issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (see text, Section 12).
The Manual was also used for classifying
establishments in the annual surveys. The
comparability of manufactures data over
time is affected by changes in the official
definitions of industries as presented in
the Manual. It is important to note, therefore, that the 1987 edition of the Manual
was used for the 1987 and 1992 censuses; and the 1972 edition of the Manual
and the 1977 Supplement were used for
the 1972 through 1982 censuses.
Establishment—Establishment signifies
a single physical plant site or factory. It is
not necessarily identical to the business
unit or company, which may consist of
one or more establishments. A company
operating establishments at more than
one location is required to submit a separate report for each location and include
establishments with payroll at any time
during the year. An establishment
engaged in distinctly different lines of
activity and maintaining separate payroll
and inventory records is also required to
submit separate reports.
Durable goods—Items with a normal
life expectancy of 3 years or more.
Automobiles, furniture, household appliances, and mobile homes are common
examples.
Nondurable goods—Items which
generally last for only a short time
(3 years or less). Food, beverages, clothing, shoes, and gasoline are common
examples.
Statistical reliability—For a discussion
of statistical collection and estimation,
sampling procedures, and measures of
statistical reliability applicable to Census
Bureau data, see Appendix III.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Figure 21.1

GDP in Manufacturing by Industry: 2004
(Billions of current dollars)

Food1
167.9

Manufacturing, Total:
1,420.1
Chemical products
186.0
Other
698.1

1

2

Motor
vehicles2
120.1

Includes beverages and
tobacco products.
Includes bodies, trailers, and parts.

Computers and
electronics
132.6

Fabricated metals
115.4

Figure 21.2

Manufacturing as a Percent of Total Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 1998 to 2005
Percent of Total GDP
14.8
14.6
14.4
14.2
14.0
13.8
13.6
13.4
13.2
13.0

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Source: Figure 21.1 and 21.2 charts prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Table 971.

Figure 21.3

Employment in Top Five Manufacturing Industries: 1990 to 2005
2,500

In thousands
Computer and
electronic products

Transportation equipment
2,000

1,500

Food manufacturing

Machinery
1,000

Fabricated
metal products
500

0

1990 91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99 2000 01

02

03

04

05

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Table 980.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

623

Table 971. Gross Domestic Product in Manufacturing in Current and Real
(2000) Dollars by Industry: 2000 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (9,817.0 represents $9,817,000,000,000), except as indicated. Data are based on the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes 31-33. Data include nonfactor charges (capital consumption allowances, indirect business taxes, etc.) as well as factor charges against gross product; corporate profits and capital consumption allowances
have been shifted from a company to an establishment basis]
Industry

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Gross domestic product, total 1 . . . . . . . . . .

9,817.0

10,128.0

10,469.6

10,971.3

11,734.3

12,487.1

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,426.2
14.53

1,341.3
13.24

1,352.6
12.92

1,369.2
12.48

1,420.1
12.10

1,496.5
11.98

CURRENT DOLLARS

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliances, and
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts .
Other transportation equipment . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

865.3
31.4
45.7
48.2
121.7
109.3
185.6

778.9
31.3
44.9
41.1
112.0
103.2
136.9

774.8
30.4
45.9
41.9
107.4
96.5
124.2

785.5
33.0
46.2
38.7
109.1
95.1
125.6

824.1
39.2
49.7
50.9
115.4
100.2
132.6

868.4
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

.
.
.
.
.

50.6
118.1
64.4
32.7
57.5

49.2
103.7
69.2
30.2
57.2

48.8
118.9
69.6
31.1
60.0

48.6
129.9
65.0
30.7
63.7

48.2
120.1
66.9
31.4
69.4

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and beverage and tobacco products
Textile mills and textile product mills . . . .
Apparel and leather and allied products . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . . .
Chemical products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

561.0
154.8
26.5
25.1
55.6
49.0
26.2
157.1
66.7

562.5
167.1
22.7
22.8
48.9
46.9
33.4
157.2
63.4

577.9
172.9
21.9
20.9
50.3
45.7
26.2
174.4
65.5

583.7
170.6
22.7
18.4
46.4
44.5
33.5
181.8
65.6

596.1
167.9
23.3
18.9
48.9
45.9
34.8
186.0
70.3

628.1
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

Gross domestic product, total 1 . . . . . . . . . .

9,817.0

9,890.6

10,048.8

10,320.6

10,755.7

11,134.8

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,426.2
14.53

1,346.9
13.62

1,384.4
13.78

1,410.4
13.67

1,478.1
13.74

1,536.6
13.80

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

CHAINED (2000) DOLLARS

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliances, and
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles, bodies and trailers, and parts .
Other transportation equipment . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

865.3
31.4
45.7
48.2
121.7
109.3
185.6

813.6
30.9
45.2
43.2
109.4
100.4
181.9

827.7
30.3
45.5
44.1
104.4
93.3
185.8

863.2
31.4
46.6
42.6
107.5
92.3
215.0

917.8
32.4
49.0
46.5
110.7
100.7
260.3

970.1
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

.
.
.
.
.

50.6
118.1
64.4
32.7
57.5

48.5
104.6
65.2
29.1
55.3

48.8
127.5
64.2
29.2
56.4

49.9
143.2
57.9
28.9
59.6

49.3
139.2
58.0
31.0
66.3

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and beverage and tobacco products
Textile mills and textile product mills . . . .
Apparel and leather and allied products . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . . .
Chemical products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

561.0
154.8
26.5
25.1
55.6
49.0
26.2
157.1
66.7

533.1
156.0
21.5
22.7
48.8
45.3
23.9
153.1
61.4

555.7
153.7
21.4
21.1
50.8
43.5
32.5
170.5
62.9

548.8
153.3
23.1
18.7
48.9
42.5
26.1
172.9
64.0

563.8
155.8
23.2
19.7
53.5
44.4
24.7
173.6
70.8

572.8
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

NA Not available.

1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

For additional industry detail, see Table 649.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 2006. See also <http://www.bea.gov
/bea/newsrelarchive/2006/gdpind05.pdf> (released 27 April 2006).

624

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 972. Manufacturing—Establishments, Employees, and Annual Payroll
by Industry: 2003 and 2004
[(113,398 represents 113,398,000). Excludes government employees, railroad employees, self-employed persons, etc. See ‘‘General Explanation’’ in source for definitions and statement on reliability of data. An establishment is a single physical location where
business is conducted or where services or industrial operations are performed. See Appendix III]
2003
2002
NAICS
code 1

Industry

All industries, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)

7,254,745

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-33
Percent of all industries . . . . . . . . . . (X)
Food manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverage & tobacco product . . . . . . . .
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather & allied product . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing & related support activities . . . .
Petroleum & coal products . . . . . . . . .
Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics & rubber products . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral product . . . . . . . .
Primary metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal product . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer & electronic product. . . . . . .
Electrical equip, appliance & component
Transportation equipment . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture & related product . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

311
312
313
314
315
316
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
339

Establishments,
number

2004
Establishments,
number

Employees 2
(1,000)

Annual
payroll
(mil. dol.)

113,398 4,040,889 7,387,724

Employees 2
(1,000)

Annual
payroll
(mil. dol.)

115,075

4,253,996

341,849
4.7

14,132
12.5

576,058
14.3

339,083
4.6

13,822
12.0

592,830
14.0

27,274
3,212
3,840
7,289
13,376
1,519
16,808
5,456
36,024
2,299
13,247
15,019
16,446
5,725
59,407
27,459
15,426
6,383
12,503
21,716
31,421

1,496
155
255
188
304
44
524
482
700
98
841
921
468
480
1,518
1,129
1,189
460
1,607
564
708

46,593
7,111
7,366
4,997
7,065
1,265
15,891
21,668
25,033
6,487
48,532
32,126
18,087
20,863
55,778
48,994
66,583
17,617
79,967
16,796
27,239

26,767
3,359
3,638
7,117
12,314
1,475
16,783
5,422
35,321
2,457
13,364
14,886
16,714
5,426
59,373
27,037
15,097
6,294
12,705
21,735
31,799

1,482
155
224
171
280
43
535
465
673
104
823
908
472
451
1,515
1,088
1,108
439
1,626
555
703

47,540
7,211
6,875
4,905
6,804
1,307
17,194
21,590
24,997
7,776
48,816
33,160
18,963
21,486
58,581
50,459
66,318
17,797
85,128
17,221
28,702

X Not applicable. 1 North American Industry Classification System, 2002; see text, Section 15.
employees who are on the payroll in the pay period including March 12.

2

Covers full- and part-time

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, ‘‘County Business Patterns’’; annual. See <http://www.census.gov/epcd/cbp/view/cbpview.html>.

Table 973. Manufacturing Establishments, Employees, and Annual Payroll
by State: 2004
[13,822 represents 13,822,000.) Data are for North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 codes 31-33. Excludes
government employees, railroad employees, self-employed persons, etc. See ‘‘General Explanation’’ in source for definitions and
statement on reliability of data. An establishment is a single physical location where business is conducted or where services or
industrial operations are performed]
State
United States .
Alabama . . . . . . . .
Alaska . . . . . . . . .
Arizona . . . . . . . . .
Arkansas. . . . . . . .
California. . . . . . . .
Colorado . . . . . . . .
Connecticut . . . . . .
Delaware. . . . . . . .
District of Columbia .
Florida . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . .
Hawaii . . . . . . . . .
Idaho . . . . . . . . . .
Illinois . . . . . . . . . .
Indiana . . . . . . . . .
Iowa . . . . . . . . . . .
Kansas . . . . . . . . .
Kentucky . . . . . . . .
Louisiana . . . . . . .
Maine . . . . . . . . . .
Maryland . . . . . . . .
Massachusetts . . . .
Michigan . . . . . . . .
Minnesota . . . . . . .
Mississippi. . . . . . .
1

Establish- Employees
ments
(1,000) 1
.
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.
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.

339,083
4,964
501
4,818
3,144
46,110
5,235
5,174
696
147
14,433
8,709
928
1,805
16,363
9,068
3,811
3,179
4,174
3,416
1,845
3,813
8,263
14,447
8,067
2,710

13,822
274
10
167
201
1,476
138
188
36
2
372
433
15
60
685
544
219
173
258
149
63
141
294
662
333
174

Annual
payroll
(mil. dol.)
592,830
10,068
396
7,493
6,551
70,372
6,275
9,579
1,645
74
14,635
15,894
479
2,415
29,467
23,739
8,644
6,986
10,716
6,980
2,526
6,747
15,590
32,391
15,026
5,594

State
Missouri . . . . .
Montana . . . . .
Nebraska . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire
New Jersey . . .
New Mexico. . .
New York . . . .
North Carolina .
North Dakota . .
Ohio . . . . . . . .
Oklahoma . . . .
Oregon . . . . . .
Pennsylvania . .
Rhode Island . .
South Carolina .
South Dakota . .
Tennessee. . . .
Texas . . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . . . .
Vermont . . . . .
Virginia . . . . . .
Washington . . .
West Virginia . .
Wisconsin . . . .
Wyoming. . . . .

Establish- Employees
ments
(1,000) 1
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

7,019
1,267
1,998
1,844
2,191
9,962
1,549
19,994
10,327
741
16,887
3,941
5,541
15,915
2,024
4,270
923
6,804
20,780
3,113
1,152
5,817
7,401
1,453
9,804
546

Annual
payroll
(mil. dol.)

303
18
104
43
76
326
33
599
571
24
815
141
177
668
58
275
40
392
829
111
39
295
254
67
489
10

11,703
688
3,633
1,789
3,529
17,001
1,297
25,307
20,691
780
35,719
5,371
7,532
27,931
2,261
10,796
1,274
15,268
36,255
4,321
1,638
12,026
12,232
2,598
20,479
432

Covers full- and part-time employees who are on the payroll in the pay period including March 12.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, ‘‘County Business Patterns’’; annual. See <http://www.census.gov/epcd/cbp/view/cbpview.html>.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

625

Table 974. Manufactures—Summary by Selected Industry: 2004
[13,404.3 represents 13,404,300. Based on the Annual Survey of Manufactures; see Appendix III]
All employees
2002
NAICS
code 1

Industry based on shipments

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-33
Food 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grain and oilseed milling . . . . . . . .
Sugar and confectionery product . . .
Fruit and vegetable preserving and
specialty food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dairy product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meat product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bakeries and tortilla. . . . . . . . . . . .
Other food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverage and tobacco product . . . . . .
Beverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood product 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other wood product. . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills . .
Converted paper product . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities . .
Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . .
Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resin, syn. rubber, and artificial and
syn. fibers and filaments . . . . . . . .
Pharmaceutical and medicine . . . . .
Soap, cleaning compound, and toilet
preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other chemical product . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . . . . .
Plastics product . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral product 5 . . . . . . .
Cement and concrete product . . . . .
Primary metal 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy. . .
Fabricated metal product 5 . . . . . . . . .
Architectural and structural metals . .
Machine shops, turned product and
screw, nut, and bolt . . . . . . . . . . .
Other fabricated metal product . . . .
Machinery 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agriculture, construction, and mining
machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other general-purpose machinery . .
Computer and electronic product 5 . . .
Computer and peripheral equipment .
Communications equipment . . . . . .
Semiconductor and other electronic
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Navigational, measuring, medical,
control instruments . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliance, and
component 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment 5 . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aerospace product and parts . . . . .
Furniture and related product 5 . . . . . .
Household and institutional furniture
and kitchen cabinet . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing 5 . . . . . .
Medical equipment and supplies . . .
Other miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . .

2

Payroll
Number
(1,000)

Total
Per
(mil. employee
dol.)
(dol.)

Production
workers
(1,000) 2

Value
added by
manufactures 3
(mil.dol.)

Value of
shipments 4
(mil. dol.)

13,404.3

569,414

42,480

9,357.1 2,031,439 4,265,784

1,448.1
51.8
70.0

46,563
2,512
2,676

32,154
48,501
38,259

1,097.5
38.3
54.3

223,433
21,703
14,183

511,450
58,791
26,684

3114
3115
3116
3118
3119
312
3121
3122
321
3219
322
3221
3222
323
324
325
3251

164.1
125.6
493.4
286.8
174.4
144.9
123.0
21.9
535.2
318.9
440.0
137.0
302.9
658.9
96.7
768.5
161.3

5,209
5,063
13,176
8,993
6,113
6,879
5,589
1,290
17,039
9,486
20,561
8,121
12,440
24,789
7,017
43,664
10,430

31,745
40,312
26,706
31,354
35,060
47,474
45,454
58,793
31,834
29,749
46,731
59,257
41,064
37,623
72,583
56,813
64,653

135.6
86.9
422.4
174.7
124.7
80.7
64.3
16.3
428.2
250.9
340.4
109.1
231.3
465.2
61.4
435.5
93.1

27,838
24,422
47,811
34,098
37,392
71,700
38,259
33,441
43,662
22,018
74,016
37,026
36,990
57,250
61,830
295,328
58,589

53,083
73,038
143,147
51,633
64,199
112,270
73,457
38,813
103,420
48,612
153,969
70,505
83,464
93,193
312,885
528,215
139,431

. . . 3252
. . . 3254

84.7
231.0

4,873
14,209

57,562
61,500

57.6
112.9

28,555
120,870

72,919
157,479

3256
3259
326
3261
327
3273
331
3311
332
3323

100.7
100.4
882.7
724.9
455.1
211.6
435.2
109.3
1,469.6
362.1

4,808
4,825
32,121
25,517
18,107
8,418
21,159
6,758
57,426
13,392

47,747
48,060
36,390
35,203
39,782
39,773
48,625
61,816
39,076
36,984

62.4
56.4
685.0
561.7
351.4
161.0
342.3
87.2
1,084.5
259.5

40,459
19,007
91,517
74,396
58,800
26,460
73,011
31,445
143,899
32,004

66,053
38,026
182,547
148,492
101,870
48,201
178,996
73,855
259,875
63,682

. . . 3327
. . . 3329
. . . 333

349.8
262.9
1,054.0

13,973
10,944
48,225

39,948
41,630
45,756

261.8
190.3
666.4

28,749
31,938
133,826

45,564
52,769
269,203

.
.
.
.
.

3331
3339
334
3341
3342

167.2
268.3
1,060.8
118.5
143.1

7,265
12,386
61,152
7,383
8,417

43,456
46,157
57,646
62,332
58,823

110.4
155.5
473.1
35.6
53.3

26,918
30,831
214,650
32,344
30,347

60,293
61,864
361,938
64,894
58,213

. . . 3344

354.8

17,815

50,219

201.1

77,874

116,660

. . . 3345

389.2

25,061

64,386

146.8

66,470

103,509

. . . 311
. . . 3112
. . . 3113
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

335
336
3361
3363
3364
337

432.2
1,585.2
216.0
644.0
384.6
560.6

17,166
83,848
14,906
31,422
24,550
17,499

39,714
52,895
69,017
48,788
63,832
31,215

304.0
1,138.8
189.1
505.3
189.9
430.1

52,723
255,974
70,796
84,807
67,594
45,441

104,245
666,503
261,716
203,591
126,129
80,153

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

3371
339
3391
3399

367.6
701.8
312.5
389.3

10,653
27,840
13,865
13,976

28,982
39,669
44,366
35,898

291.1
438.7
180.6
258.2

26,505
84,083
47,779
36,305

47,356
132,287
68,262
64,026

1
2
North American Industry Classification System, 2002; see text, Section 15.
Includes employment and payroll at
administrative offices and auxiliary units. All employees represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for
the payroll period ended nearest the 12th of March. Production workers represents the average of the employment for the payroll
periods ended nearest the 12th of March, May, August, and November. 3 Adjusted value added; takes into account (a) value
added by merchandising operations (that is, difference between the sales value and cost of merchandise sold without further
manufacture, processing, or assembly), plus (b) net change in finished goods and work-in-process inventories between beginning
4
and end of year.
Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from shipments between establishments in the same
industry classification. 5 Includes industries not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufactures, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, Series
M04(AS)-1. See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/am0431gs1.pdf> (issued December 2005).

626

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 975. Manufactures—Summary by State: 2004
[13,381.2 represents 13,381,200. Data are for North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 codes 31-33. Sum
of state totals may not add to U.S. total because U.S. and state figures were independently derived. See Appendix III]
All employees

1

Production workers

1

Value added by
manufactures 2

Payroll

State

United States. . . . .

Number
(1,000)

Total
(mil. dol.)

Per
employee
(dol.)

Total
(1,000)

Wages
(mil. dol.)

Total
(mil. dol.)

Per
production
worker
(dol.)

Value of
shipments 3
(mil. dol.)

13,381.2

569,203

42,537

9,339.6

331,658

2,025,957

216,922

4,259,366

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

259.1
10.3
158.0
193.7
1,440.9

9,358
352
7,240
6,392
65,249

36,122
34,257
45,823
32,991
45,284

200.6
8.7
96.9
155.9
895.2

6,393
268
3,485
4,565
29,858

34,002
1,736
24,096
25,655
202,312

169,464
199,668
248,609
164,614
226,008

76,096
4,753
41,644
54,547
388,332

Colorado . . . . . . . .
Connecticut . . . . . .
Delaware. . . . . . . .
District of Columbia .
Florida . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

132.9
191.9
36.4
1.9
354.2
419.6

5,950
9,632
1,624
71
13,967
15,518

44,765
50,191
44,630
37,830
39,435
36,986

87.4
111.3
25.7
1.2
232.1
318.4

3,139
4,535
991
37
7,161
10,139

16,965
28,745
7,660
164
44,926
59,477

194,004
258,285
298,433
141,966
193,531
186,791

33,594
45,105
17,488
271
84,301
131,455

Hawaii .
Idaho . .
Illinois . .
Indiana .
Iowa . . .

Alabama .
Alaska . .
Arizona . .
Arkansas.
California.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

14.0
56.5
676.1
534.9
217.2

522
2,108
29,166
23,343
8,496

37,215
37,318
43,142
43,637
39,112

8.9
36.6
466.3
403.8
157.7

322
1,104
16,846
15,917
5,379

1,489
9,605
102,971
86,549
36,688

167,313
262,189
220,848
214,346
232,679

4,561
16,583
210,043
183,564
79,470

Kansas . .
Kentucky .
Louisiana
Maine . . .
Maryland .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

168.0
246.7
141.0
58.0
135.8

6,937
10,345
6,705
2,317
6,309

41,296
41,925
47,558
39,948
46,471

117.3
187.6
103.2
42.5
85.7

4,165
6,939
4,367
1,521
3,143

22,108
36,519
43,393
7,248
19,131

188,464
194,640
420,643
170,661
223,314

56,465
97,254
124,305
13,657
36,490

Massachusetts .
Michigan . . . . .
Minnesota . . . .
Mississippi. . . .
Missouri . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

302.3
651.9
325.6
169.9
302.9

14,895
32,548
14,211
5,546
12,707

49,280
49,924
43,645
32,632
41,949

179.7
478.5
214.8
134.2
228.9

6,561
21,733
7,631
3,836
8,333

45,010
93,659
43,707
18,201
44,783

250,405
195,749
203,489
135,639
195,680

76,538
220,455
88,472
43,862
102,804

Montana . . . . .
Nebraska . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire
New Jersey . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

17.3
99.7
44.0
72.5
308.6

665
3,533
1,850
3,333
14,448

38,407
35,434
42,073
45,970
46,822

12.7
76.6
28.9
45.6
201.4

423
2,393
976
1,598
7,494

2,386
12,477
5,251
8,466
49,127

187,776
162,932
181,840
185,698
243,907

6,469
34,434
9,551
15,439
94,125

New Mexico. .
New York . . .
North Carolina
North Dakota .
Ohio . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32.9
569.6
550.2
22.0
782.6

1,343
24,146
19,861
764
34,503

40,793
42,387
36,097
34,702
44,087

22.8
370.7
411.1
16.5
570.1

766
12,921
12,508
508
22,613

11,708
83,146
90,231
2,913
117,751

513,043
224,311
219,494
176,729
206,527

17,393
146,692
163,838
7,372
258,799

Oklahoma . . . .
Oregon . . . . . .
Pennsylvania . .
Rhode Island . .
South Carolina .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

132.5
174.2
645.8
55.4
258.2

5,241
7,277
26,816
2,236
10,293

39,545
41,770
41,524
40,377
39,863

96.3
124.2
457.0
35.5
194.7

3,330
4,378
16,274
1,120
6,608

17,933
33,773
96,329
6,322
35,663

186,261
271,887
210,785
177,874
183,157

45,710
54,836
190,371
11,173
81,630

South Dakota .
Tennessee. . .
Texas . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . . .
Vermont . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

37.5
384.2
773.5
107.4
38.3

1,222
14,808
33,559
4,202
1,687

32,617
38,548
43,386
39,142
44,009

28.6
286.8
525.3
72.8
24.4

824
9,679
18,583
2,299
893

4,500
58,678
150,698
14,015
5,019

157,189
204,591
286,862
192,481
205,863

12,084
125,531
385,534
29,589
9,911

Virginia . . . .
Washington .
West Virginia
Wisconsin . .
Wyoming. . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

284.1
242.5
63.1
476.8
8.7

11,915
11,179
2,652
19,808
352

41,944
46,103
42,032
41,545
40,624

206.1
153.8
47.5
344.7
6.5

7,158
5,599
1,792
12,307
243

49,715
36,834
8,846
65,693
1,684

241,263
239,453
186,039
190,592
260,123

87,843
77,665
20,579
135,676
5,010

.
.
.
.
.

1
Includes employment and payroll at administrative offices and auxiliary units. All employees represents the average of
production workers plus all other employees for the payroll period ended nearest the 12th of March. Production workers represents
the average of the employment for the payroll periods ended nearest the 12th of March, May, August, and November. 2 Adjusted
value added; takes into account (a) value added by merchandising operations (that is, difference between the sales value and cost
of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly), plus (b) net change in finished goods and
3
work-in-process inventories between beginning and end of year.
Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from
shipments between establishments in the same industry classification.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufactures, Geographic Area Statistics, Series M01(AS)-4. See also
<http://www.census.gov/prod/ec02/am0431as1.pdf> (issued January 2006).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

627

Table 976. Manufacturing Industries—Export-Related Shipments and
Employment by Industry: 2002
[3,915,599 represents $3,915,599,000,000. Exports include both ‘‘direct’’ exports (exports manufactured in the U.S. and consumed
in foreign markets and ‘‘indirect’’ exports (intermediate goods and services required to manufacture export goods). For methodology, see report]

2002
NAICS
code 1

Industry

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . 31-33
Food manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverage and tobacco products . . . .
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities.
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . .
Chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . .
Primary metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products . .
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products. . . . . .
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Value of
manfacturers’
shipments
(mil. dol.)

Exportrelated
shipments
(mil. dol.)

ExportAll
related
manufac- manufacturing
turing
employemployment
ment
(1,000)
(1,000)

Export-related as
percent of all
manufacturers
Shipments

Employment

3,915,599

687,748

14,745

2,568

17.6

17.4

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

311
312
313
314
315
316
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
331
332
333
334

458,128
104,871
45,637
32,226
44,793
6,336
88,398
154,468
95,618
215,473
455,932
172,931
94,982
140,312
248,369
252,257
361,961

26,864
3,143
10,780
2,532
4,916
2,476
5,615
20,553
7,303
16,046
91,978
25,233
8,242
39,776
42,437
68,386
121,731

1,509
162
268
184
342
45
541
493
718
103
854
983
484
496
1,576
1,170
1,277

74
4
68
16
32
14
31
62
57
7
173
143
45
138
275
316
445

5.9
3.0
23.6
7.9
11.0
39.1
6.4
13.3
7.6
7.4
20.2
14.6
8.7
28.3
17.1
27.1
33.6

4.9
2.6
25.4
8.8
9.3
31.0
5.8
12.7
8.0
6.5
20.3
14.5
9.4
27.9
17.5
27.0
34.9

.
.
.
.

335
336
337
339

104,623
636,400
75,913
125,972

21,626
146,223
2,395
19,493

494
1,697
597
754

106
435
18
106

20.7
23.0
3.2
15.5

21.5
25.6
3.1
14.0

North American Industry Classification System, 2002; see text, Section 15.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Exports from Manufacturing Establishments: 2002, series AR(02)-1. See also <http://www.census.gov
/mcd/exports/ar02.pdf> (released May 2006); and unpublished data.

Table 977. Manufacturing Industries—Export-Related Shipments and
Employment by State: 2002
[687,748 represents $687,748,000,000. Exports include both ‘‘direct’’ exports (exports manufactured in the U.S. and consumed
in foreign markets and ‘‘indirect’’ exports (intermediate goods and services required to manufacture export goods). For methodology, see report]
Exportrelated
Exportmanurelated facturing
ship- employments
ment
(mil. dol.)
(1,000)

State

U.S. . . . . . .
Alabama . . . . .
Alaska . . . . . .
Arizona. . . . . .
Arkansas . . . .
California . . . .
Colorado. . . . .
Connecticut . . .
Delaware . . . .
District
of Columbia . .
Florida . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . .
Hawaii . . . . . .
Idaho . . . . . . .
Illinois . . . . . .
Indiana . . . . . .
Iowa . . . . . . .
Kansas. . . . . .
Kentucky . . . .
Louisiana . . . .
Maine. . . . . . .
Maryland . . . .
Massachusetts.
Michigan. . . . .
Minnesota . . . .

Export-related as
percent of all
manufacturers

Exportrelated
Exportmanurelated facturing
ship- employments
ment
(mil. dol.)
(1,000)

State

Ship- Employments
ment

687,748

2,568

17.6

17.4

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

10,557
327
14,783
5,197
77,158
5,134
10,836
1,335

35
1
51
20
311
22
50
4

15.9
8.6
34.3
11.2
20.2
14.8
25.5
8.2

12.2
7.3
30.5
9.6
19.0
14.5
23.5
11.7

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

8
9,253
17,693
242
2,223
30,891
25,923
9,384
8,302
15,820
11,090
2,116
3,754
19,705
38,528
12,786

(D)
39
62

8
122
100
36
30
50
22
8
16
84
149
59

3.2
11.7
14.0
6.9
14.3
16.4
16.1
14.6
16.5
18.1
12.4
15.1
10.3
25.2
17.4
15.9

(D)
10.4
13.8
2.3
12.4
16.5
17.5
16.1
16.8
19.2
14.6
11.9
10.8
24.2
19.9
16.8

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual companies.

Mississippi . . . .
Missouri . . . . . .
Montana . . . . . .
Nebraska . . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire.
New Jersey . . . .
New Mexico . . .
New York . . . . .
North Carolina. .
North Dakota . .
Ohio . . . . . . . .
Oklahoma . . . . .
Oregon. . . . . . .
Pennsylva nia . .
Rhode Island . .
South Carolina .
South Dakota . .
Tennessee . . . .
Texas . . . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . . . .
Vermont . . . . . .
Virginia. . . . . . .
Washington . . . .
West Virginia . . .
Wisconsin . . . . .
Wyoming . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

4,128
10,665
306
4,724
751
2,977
12,988
3,220
22,932
20,963
1,226
48,749
5,658
6,539
31,469
1,899
18,399
899
17,538
61,382
5,852
2,078
11,030
37,460
3,098
17,362
414

15
41
1
17
4
16
48
9
97
92
4
186
24
27
116
10
66
3
66
170
21
8
42
117
10
74
1

Export-related as
percent of all
manufacturers
Ship- Employments
ment
10.7
11.6
6.1
16.0
9.2
19.5
13.4
31.9
15.5
13.4
17.9
20.1
14.3
14.2
17.4
17.6
22.7
8.4
16.1
20.1
23.5
21.5
13.1
46.6
16.6
13.5
10.5

8.4
12.8
6.4
16.6
9.6
19.6
13.1
27.9
15.2
14.8
16.7
21.3
15.8
14.9
16.2
16.7
22.8
8.9
16.0
19.9
19.4
18.9
13.4
42.2
15.0
14.5
10.5

− Represents or rounds to zero.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Exports from Manufacturing Establishments: 2002, series AR(02)-1. See also <http://www.census.gov
/mcd/exports/ar02.pdf> (released May 2006); and unpublished data.

628

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 978. Manufacturers’ E-Commerce Shipments by Industry: 2003 and 2004
[(4,015,081 represents $4,015,081,000,000). Based on the Annual Survey of Manufactures; subject to sampling variability. E-commerce
is the value of goods and services sold over computer-mediated networks (open or proprietary)]
2003

2004

E-commerce
Industry
2002
NAICS
code 1
Manufacturing, total . . . . 31-33
Food products . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverage and tobacco . . . . . .
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills. . . . . . . .
Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support
activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products .
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. .
Nonmetallic mineral products .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment,
appliances, and components .
Transportation equipment . . . .
Furniture and related products
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . .
1

ShipShipments,
ments,
total
total
(mil. dol.) (mil.dol.)

Percent
of total
shipments

4,015,081 842,666

21.0

E-commerce
Percent
distribution

100.0 4,259,366 996,174

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

311
312
313
314
315
316
321
322

483,226
108,806
42,588
31,261
38,668
5,784
92,119
151,094

59,576
46,998
3,639
7,244
9,137
653
5,753
18,683

12.3
43.2
8.5
23.2
23.6
11.3
6.2
12.4

7.1
5.6
0.4
0.9
1.1
0.1
0.7
2.2

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

323
324
325
326
327
331
332
333

92,663
247,316
486,563
178,328
96,923
138,142
245,550
257,375

4,452
51,586
85,186
26,954
8,631
12,578
23,735
34,797

4.8
20.9
17.5
15.1
8.9
9.1
9.7
13.5

0.5
6.1
10.1
3.2
1.0
1.5
2.8
4.1

. 334

352,636

67,476

19.1

8.0

.
.
.
.

100,140 23,722
661,142 327,401
75,423
9,983
129,334 14,482

23.7
49.5
13.2
11.2

2.8
38.9
1.2
1.7

335
336
337
339

ShipShipments,
ments,
total
total
(mil.dol.) (mil.dol.)

Percent
of total
shipments

Percent
distribution

23.4

100.0

64,121
52,783
4,416
8,472
8,694
611
7,974
19,631

12.6
47.2
11.0
25.4
26.1
10.6
7.7
12.7

6.4
5.3
0.5
0.0
0.9
0.1
0.8
2.0

93,495
8,259
312,940 77,527
527,930 102,967
182,948 33,220
102,040 10,850
179,241 33,410
259,772 33,992
269,321 52,292

8.8
24.8
19.5
18.2
10.6
18.6
13.1
19.4

0.8
7.8
10.3
3.3
1.1
3.4
3.4
5.2

362,492

76,197

21.0

7.6

103,892 25,177
663,352 346,473
78,099
11,264
132,387 17,844

24.2
52.2
14.4
13.5

2.5
34.8
1.1
1.8

509,500
111,891
40,144
33,394
33,364
5,745
103,211
154,208

North American Industry Classification System, 2002; see text, Section 15.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Internet site <http://www.census.gov/eos/www/papers/2004/2004reportfinal.pdf> (released 25
May 2006).

Table 979. Manufacturing Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Per
Hour Worked: 1990 to 2005
[As of March, for private industry workers. Based on a sample of establishments in the National Compensation Survey; see
Appendix III and source for details. See also Table 635, Section 12]
Cost (dol.)

Compensation
component
Total compensation . . . .

Percent distribution

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

17.33

23.41

26.02

28.10

29.47

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Wages and salaries. . . . . . .
Total benefits . . . . . . . . . . .
Paid leave . . . . . . . . . . .
Vacation . . . . . . . . . . .
Holiday . . . . . . . . . . .
Sick . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental pay . . . . . .
Premium pay. . . . . . . .
Nonproduction bonuses.
Shift pay. . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

11.86
5.47
1.31
0.67
0.48
0.12
0.05
0.65
0.34
0.22
0.09

16.01
7.40
1.74
0.86
0.65
0.13
0.10
1.04
0.58
0.36
0.10

17.43
8.59
1.97
1.00
0.73
0.16
0.10
1.23
0.60
0.51
0.11

18.14
9.96
2.05
1.03
0.76
0.16
0.10
1.20
0.60
0.48
0.12

18.98
10.49
2.17
1.10
0.80
0.17
0.10
1.25
0.62
0.50
0.13

68.4
31.6
7.6
3.9
2.8
0.7
0.3
3.8
2.0
1.3
0.5

68.4
31.6
7.4
3.7
2.8
0.6
0.4
4.4
2.5
1.5
0.4

67.0
33.0
7.6
3.8
2.8
0.6
0.4
4.7
2.3
2.0
0.4

64.6
35.4
7.3
3.7
2.7
0.6
0.4
4.3
2.1
1.7
0.4

64.4
35.6
7.4
3.7
2.7
0.6
0.3
4.2
2.1
1.7
0.4

Insurance. . . . . . . . . .
Health insurance . . .
Retirement and savings
Defined benefit . . . .
Defined contributions

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

1.37
(NA)
0.56
(NA)
(NA)

1.85
1.69
0.75
0.34
0.41

2.27
2.08
0.86
0.41
0.45

2.59
2.40
1.56
1.06
0.50

2.81
2.60
1.65
1.12
0.53

7.9
(NA)
3.2
(NA)
(NA)

7.9
7.2
3.2
1.5
1.8

8.7
8.0
3.3
1.6
1.7

9.2
8.5
5.6
3.8
1.8

9.5
8.8
5.6
3.8
1.8

Legally required . . . . . .
Social security . . . . . .
Federal unemployment
State unemployment . .
Workers compensation
Other benefits 1. . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1.54
1.02
0.03
0.12
0.36
0.04

1.92
1.38
0.03
0.11
0.40
0.09

2.18
1.51
0.03
0.13
0.51
0.08

2.43
1.57
0.03
0.18
0.64
0.13

2.50
1.32
0.03
0.20
0.63
0.11

8.9
5.9
0.2
0.7
2.1
0.2

8.2
5.9
0.1
0.5
1.7
0.4

8.4
5.8
0.1
0.5
2.0
0.3

8.6
5.6
0.1
0.6
2.3
0.5

8.5
4.5
0.1
0.7
2.1
0.4

NA Not available.

1

Includes severance pay, and supplemental unemployment benefits.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Historical Listing, annual, 1986−2001,
and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, March 2005. See also <http://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/ocwc/ect
/ecechist.pdf> (issued 19 June 2002) and <http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/sp/ecnr0058.pdf> (released 16 June 2005).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

629

Table 980. Manufacturing Industries—Employment by Industry: 1990 to 2005
[Annual averages of monthly figures (109,487 represents 109,487,000). Covers all full- and part-time employees who worked
during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month. Minus sign (−) indicates decrease. See also
headnote, Table 618]
2002
NAICS
code1

Industry

All industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)

Percent
change

All employees (1,000)
1990

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

109,487 131,785 130,341 129,999 131,435 133,463

Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-33
Percent of all industries . . . . . . . . . . (X)

17,695
16.2

17,263
13.1

15,259
11.7

14,510
11.2

14,315
10.9

14,232
10.7

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sawmills & wood preservation
Plywood & engineered wood
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other wood products . . . . . .

1990− 2000−
2000 2005
20.4

1.3

−2.4
(X)

−17.6
(X)

10,736

10,876

9,483

8,963

8,924

8,953

1.3

−17.7

. . . . . . 321
. . . . . . 3211

541
148

613
134

555
121

538
117

550
119

555
119

13.4
−9.6

−9.5
−10.9

. . . . . . 3212
. . . . . . 3219

96
297

122
357

116
318

114
306

118
313

123
313

28.2
20.1

0.4
−12.3

528
84
152
195

554
82
141
234

516
72
124
230

494
66
115
224

506
65
113
235

503
61
108
239

4.9
−1.9
−7.6
20.1

−9.2
−25.1
−23.1
2.2

Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . .
Clay products & refractories. . . . . .
Glass & glass products . . . . . . . . .
Cement & concrete products . . . . .
Lime, gypsum, & other nonmetallic
mineral products . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . .
Forging & stamping . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cutlery & hand tools . . . . . . . . . . .
Architectural & structural metals . . . .
Boilers, tanks, & shipping containers .
Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring & wire products . . . . . . . . . .
Machine shops & threaded products .
Coating, engraving, & heat treating
metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other fabricated metal products . . . .

Computer & electronic products . . . .
Computer & peripheral equipment
Communications equipment. . . . .
Audio & video equipment . . . . . .
Semiconductors & electronic
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic instruments . . . . . . . .
Magnetic media manufacturing &
reproduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

327
3271
3272
3273

. . 3279

Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron & steel mills & ferroalloy
production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel products from purchased steel .
Alumina & aluminum production . . . .
Other nonferrous metal production . .
Foundries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agricultural, construction, & mining
machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial machinery . . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial & service industry
machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HVAC & commercial refrigeration
equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . .
Turbine & power transmission
equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other general purpose machinery . .

.
.
.
.

98

97

91

89

94

94

−0.3

−3.1

. 331

689

622

509

477

467

469

−9.7

−24.6

.
.
.
.
.

3311
3312
3313
3314
3315

187
70
108
109
214

135
73
101
96
217

107
63
80
81
178

102
61
75
74
166

95
61
74
71
165

96 −27.7
60
4.0
74
−7.3
72 −11.7
167
1.4

−29.0
−17.9
−26.2
−25.4
−23.1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

332
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327

1,610
128
79
357
117
57
78
309

1,753
138
79
428
107
50
81
365

1,549
113
64
399
96
42
70
318

1,479
109
61
380
91
40
64
311

1,497
110
59
389
92
38
62
327

1,519
8.9
111
7.9
56
0.3
396
20.0
90
−9.1
35 −12.8
59
4.3
344
18.4

−13.3
−19.8
−29.2
−7.5
−15.4
−29.9
−26.5
−5.9

. 3328
. 3329

143
344

175
330

149
296

143
281

143
278

144
284

1,408

1,455

1,230

1,149

1,143

229
152

222
163

200
131

188
123

195
121

. . 333
. . 3331
. . 3332

−17.8
−13.8

1,162

3.3

−20.1

209
124

−2.8
7.5

−5.8
−23.8

. . 3333

147

147

130

118

115

111

0.3

−24.7

. . 3334
. . 3335

165
267

194
274

167
217

157
205

153
202

153
202

17.8
2.5

−21.2
−26.1

. . 3336
. . 3339

114
335

111
343

101
285

94
265

93
265

97
265

−2.4
2.4

−12.8
−22.8

334
3341
3342
3343

1,903
367
232
60

1,820
302
248
52

1,507
250
186
42

1,355
224
155
37

1,323
210
148
33

1,320
−4.3
207 −17.8
148
7.0
32 −13.3

−27.5
−31.6
−40.2
−38.0

. . . 3344
. . . 3345

574
626

676
479

525
450

461
430

454
431

451
17.8
438 −23.6

−33.3
−8.5

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

. . . 3346

Electrical equipment & appliances
Electric lighting equipment. . . .
Household appliances . . . . . .
Electrical equipment . . . . . . . .
Other electrical equipment &
components . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . 3359

Transportation equipment 2 . . . . .
Motor vehicles . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle bodies & trailers .
Motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . .
Aerospace products & parts . .
Ship & boat building . . . . . . . .
Other transportation equipment

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

22.7
−4.0

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

335
3351
3352
3353

336
3361
3362
3363
3364
3366
3369

43

63

55

48

46

633
81
114
244

591
85
106
210

497
72
98
175

460
67
93
160

445
65
90
154

195

191

152

140

137

2,133
271
130
653
841
173
35

2,056
291
183
840
517
153
40

1,829
265
152
734
470
146
39

1,774
265
153
708
442
146
38

1,766
256
165
692
442
148
38

46.4

−30.1

436
−6.7
61
5.0
86
−7.0
152 −13.9

44

−26.3
−27.9
−18.5
−27.5

−2.3

−28.4

1,772
−3.6
250
7.4
171
40.8
678
28.6
456 −38.5
153 −11.4
39
14.0

136

−13.8
−14.3
−6.6
−19.2
−11.8
−0.1
−3.3

See footnotes at end of table.

630

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table. 980. Manufacturing Industries—Employment by Industry:
1990 to 2005—Con.
[Annual averages of monthly figures (109,487 represents 109,487,000). Covers all full- and part-time employees who worked
during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month. See also headnote, Table 618]
2002
NAICS
code 1

Industry

1990− 2000−
2000 2005

1990

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

337
3371
3372
3379

601
398
156
47

680
440
181
58

604
400
151
54

573
382
139
52

573
385
135
53

563
380
130
53

13.0
10.6
16.0
23.1

−17.1
−13.7
−28.1
−9.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing . . . . . . . . 339
Medical equipment & supplies . . . . . . 3391
Other miscellaneous manufacturing . . 3399

690
288
403

733
310
423

688
308
380

663
304
359

656
301
354

654
306
348

6.2
7.7
5.1

−10.8
−1.4
−17.7

Furniture & related products . . . . . .
Household & institutional furniture.
Office furniture & fixtures. . . . . . .
Other furniture-related products . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)

6,959

6,388

5,775

5,547

5,391

5,278

−8.2

−17.4

311
3111
3112
3113

1,507
57
71
99

1,553
55
65
92

1,526
51
62
84

1,518
50
62
85

1,494
50
60
83

1,472
48
60
78

3.0
−4.2
−9.1
−7.3

−5.2
−12.1
−7.6
−15.3

. . . 3114
. . . 3115
. . . 3116

218
145
427

197
136
507

183
137
517

185
135
516

181
131
505

174
132
502

−9.5
−5.9
18.6

−12.0
−3.2
−1.1

. . . 3117
. . . 3118
. . . 3119

54
292
143

45
306
150

44
297
151

42
292
152

42
285
156

42 −17.2
280
4.9
158
5.0

−7.6
−8.8
5.3

Beverages & tobacco products . . . . . . . 312
Beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3121

218
173

207
175

207
174

200
169

195
166

192
167

−4.9
1.2

−7.3
−4.6

Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiber, yarn, & thread mills . . .
Fabric mills. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile & fabric finishing mills .

313
3131
3132
3133

492
102
270
120

378
81
192
105

291
63
145
83

261
57
130
74

237
54
115
68

218
50
104
64

−23.1
−20.5
−29.0
−12.1

−42.4
−38.1
−45.6
−39.8

Textile product mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314
Textile furnishings mills . . . . . . . . . . . 3141
Other textile product mills . . . . . . . . . 3149

209
127
82

216
129
88

195
116
78

179
105
74

176
101
75

172
98
75

3.3
1.3
6.4

−20.3
−24.1
−14.7

Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel knitting mills . . . . .
Cut & sew apparel . . . . . . .
Accessories & other apparel

315
3151
3152
3159

929
112
776
41

497
69
394
34

360
50
283
27

312
45
243
24

286
42
221
23

260
37
203
21

−46.5
−38.4
−49.3
−16.9

−47.6
−46.9
−48.5
−39.5

Leather & allied products . . . . . . . . . . . 316
Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3162
Leather & hide tanning & finishing &
other leather products . . . . . . . . . . . 3169

133
83

69
31

50
22

45
20

42
19

40 −48.3
18 −62.8

−42.6
−41.7

51

38

28

25

23

22 −25.0

−43.2

Paper & paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills . . . . . 3221
Converted paper products . . . . . . . . . 3222

647
238
409

605
191
413

547
165
382

516
151
365

496
146
350

484
−6.6
141 −19.7
343
1.1

−19.9
−26.3
−16.9
−19.7

Food manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . .
Animal food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grain & oilseed milling . . . . . . . .
Sugar & confectionery products . .
Fruit & vegetable preserving &
specialty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Animal slaughtering & processing .
Seafood product preparation &
packaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bakeries & tortilla manufacturing .
Other food products . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Printing & related support activities. . . . . 323

809

807

707

681

663

648

Petroleum & coal products . . . . . . . . . . 324

153

123

118

114

112

113 −19.4

−8.5

325
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255

1,036
249
158
52
207
85

980
188
136
48
274
79

928
170
115
45
291
72

906
162
112
42
292
69

887
156
110
42
290
68

879
−5.3
151 −24.4
110 −14.2
41
−8.8
289
32.4
68
−6.6

−10.3
−19.8
−18.6
−15.1
5.1
−13.7

Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resin, rubber, & artificial fibers. . .
Agricultural chemicals. . . . . . . . .
Pharmaceuticals & medicines . . .
Paints, coatings, & adhesives . . .
Soaps, cleaning compounds, and
toiletries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other chemical products and
preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

Percent
change

All employees (1,000)

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

−0.2

. . . 3256

132

129

121

119

115

116

−2.4

−10.1

. . . 3259

153

127

114

111

107

105 −17.1

−17.1

Plastics & rubber products . . . . . . . . . . 326
Plastics products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3261
Rubber products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3262

826
619
207

952
738
214

848
664
184

815
639
177

806
633
172

800
631
169

−16.0
−14.5
−21.0

15.3
19.3
3.5

X Not applicable. 1 Based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2002 (NAICS). See text, this section.
Includes railroad rolling stock manufacturing not shown separately.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Current Employment Statistics program Internet site <http://www.bls.gov/ces/home.htm>.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

631

Table 981. Average Hourly Earnings of Production Workers in Manufacturing
Industries by State: 2002 to 2005
[In dollars. Data are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 basis]
State
United States . . . .
Alabama . . . . . . . . .
Alaska . . . . . . . . . .
Arizona . . . . . . . . . .
Arkansas. . . . . . . . .
California. . . . . . . . .
Colorado . . . . . . . . .
Connecticut . . . . . . .
Delaware. . . . . . . . .
District of Columbia 1 .
Florida . . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . . .
Hawaii . . . . . . . . . .
Idaho . . . . . . . . . . .
Illinois . . . . . . . . . . .
Indiana . . . . . . . . . .
Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kansas . . . . . . . . . .
Kentucky . . . . . . . . .
Louisiana . . . . . . . .
Maine . . . . . . . . . . .
Maryland . . . . . . . . .
Massachusetts . . . . .
Michigan . . . . . . . . .
Minnesota . . . . . . . .
Mississippi. . . . . . . .
1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2002

2003

2004

2005

15.29

15.74

16.15

16.56

13.10
13.24
14.16
13.30
14.89
15.44
17.24
16.60
(NA)
13.30
13.38
13.07
13.80
14.99
17.15
15.32
15.98
15.73
17.03
15.55
15.21
16.25
20.51
15.06
12.32

13.56
12.18
14.38
13.55
15.04
16.89
17.74
16.91
15.76
14.09
14.08
12.90
13.72
15.20
17.84
15.70
15.83
16.01
16.86
16.28
15.74
16.53
21.20
15.43
12.89

14.33
12.01
14.20
13.49
15.36
16.46
18.35
17.66
16.73
13.84
14.54
13.50
14.15
15.61
17.92
16.17
16.57
16.50
16.40
16.97
16.47
16.89
21.51
16.04
13.12

14.93
14.22
14.55
13.71
15.70
15.91
18.96
17.72
16.80
13.89
14.56
14.35
14.96
15.84
18.14
16.25
17.14
16.64
17.30
17.28
16.98
17.67
21.50
16.63
13.53

State
Missouri . . . . .
Montana . . . . .
Nebraska . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire
New Jersey . . .
New Mexico. . .
New York . . . .
North Carolina .
North Dakota . .
Ohio . . . . . . . .
Oklahoma . . . .
Oregon . . . . . .
Pennsylvania . .
Rhode Island . .
South Carolina .
South Dakota . .
Tennessee. . . .
Texas . . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . . . .
Vermont . . . . .
Virginia . . . . . .
Washington . . .
West Virginia . .
Wisconsin . . . .
Wyoming. . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2002

2003

2004

2005

16.80
14.43
14.05
14.62
14.21
15.19
13.41
16.75
13.18
13.17
17.49
14.11
15.06
14.75
12.75
14.00
12.60
13.15
13.93
14.12
14.33
15.20
18.15
15.40
15.86
17.72

18.22
14.02
14.86
14.63
14.85
15.45
13.19
16.78
13.66
14.04
17.99
14.13
15.20
14.99
12.88
14.19
13.13
13.56
13.94
14.90
14.54
15.90
18.02
16.05
16.12
16.75

17.92
14.87
15.19
14.60
15.48
15.89
13.13
17.29
14.25
14.35
18.47
14.24
15.34
15.16
13.03
14.73
13.37
13.84
13.98
15.38
14.60
16.11
18.28
16.57
16.19
16.58

17.43
15.61
15.44
14.98
15.87
16.33
13.66
17.77
14.38
15.29
19.07
14.65
15.49
15.26
13.12
15.23
13.47
14.03
14.03
14.71
15.06
16.40
18.83
17.14
16.29
17.07

Represents the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Division.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Current Employment Statistics program Internet site <http://www.bls.gov/ces/home.htm>.

Table 982. Manufacturing Full-Time Equivalent Employees and Wages by
Industry: 2000 to 2004
[124,707 represents 124,707,000. Full-time equivalent employees equals the number of employees on full-time schedules plus
the number of employees for part-time schedules converted to full-time basis]
1997
NAICS
code 1

Industry

All industries, total . . . . . . . . (X)
Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-33
Percent of all industries. . . . . . . . . . (X)
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles, bodies and
trailers, and parts . . . . . . . . . .

1

2000

2002

2003

Wage and salary accruals
per FTE worker (dol.)
2004

2000

2002

2003

2004

124,707 123,843 123,389 124,523

38,762

40,263

41,468

43,327

16,947
13.6

15,056
12.2

14,301
11.6

14,112
11.3

44,216
114.1

44,864
111.4

46,762
112.8

48,731
112.5

(X)
321
327
331
332
333

10,713
606
545
611
1,738
1,420

9,374
566
511
498
1,527
1,209

8,851
544
491
466
1,458
1,135

8,807
556
495
458
1,469
1,125

47,007
30,360
38,879
45,745
37,688
46,882

47,047
31,058
40,481
46,575
39,147
47,117

49,061
32,130
41,676
48,500
40,340
49,009

51,125
33,710
43,002
51,710
41,967
51,589

. 334

1,813

1,479

1,336

1,300

71,372

66,344

70,702

74,649

568

491

456

440

42,732

42,051

43,976

46,741

1,283

1,143

1,103

1,104

49,727

51,390

54,249

54,728

736
664
728

673
593
685

639
560
663

647
560
652

52,612
29,660
38,504

57,952
30,823
40,973

59,946
32,087
43,171

62,546
33,090
45,672

. (X)

6,235

5,681

5,449

5,305

39,420

41,264

43,028

44,758

. 311-312
313. 314

1,719

1,702

1,670

1,650

34,110

35,482

36,778

37,656

584

474

436

405

29,018

30,632

31,189

32,845

. 315
. 322

538
596

408
528

360
501

332
484

24,769
45,578

26,365
48,497

27,988
50,169

29,790
51,420

.
.
.
.

767
120
968
942

705
116
913
835

671
114
893
805

662
109
870
793

38,966
62,310
60,928
35,375

38,384
65,972
62,782
37,212

39,345
68,847
66,146
38,445

40,619
76,067
69,382
39,961

.
.
.
.
.
.

. 335
3361. 3363
3364Other transportation equipment . . . 3365
Furniture and related products . . . 337
Miscellaneous manufacturing . . . . 339

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and beverage and tobacco
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mills and textile product
mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel and leather and allied
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support
activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . .
Chemical products . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . .

Full-time equivalent (FTE)
employees (1,000)

323
324
325
326

North American Industry Classification System, 1997; see text, this section.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, monthly. See also <http://www.bea.gov/bea/dn
/nipaweb/SelectTable.asp?Selected=N> (released 04 August 2005).

632

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 983. Manufactures’ Shipments, Inventories, and New Orders:
1992 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (2,904 represents $2,904,000,000,000), except ratio. Based on a sample survey; for methodology, see source]

Shipments

Inventories
(Dec. 31)1

Ratio of
inventories to
shipments 2

New orders

Unfilled orders
(Dec. 31)

2,904
3,020
3,238
3,480
3,597
3,835
3,900
4,032
4,209
4,023
3,965
3,972
4,259

370
371
391
415
421
433
439
453
470
437
428
396
423

1.57
1.51
1.48
1.47
1.44
1.39
1.38
1.38
1.37
1.34
1.33
1.23
1.23

(NA)
2,960
3,200
3,427
3,567
3,780
3,808
3,957
4,161
3,917
3,867
3,901
4,208

448
422
431
443
485
508
492
501
545
507
474
470
491

4,545

440

1.19

4,550

572

Year
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2005 . . . . . . . . . . .
NA Not available.

1

Inventories are stated at current cost.

2

Ratio based on December seasonally adjusted data.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1992−2005,
Series M3-1(05). See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/m3-05.pdf> (released May 2006) and <http://www.census.gov
/indicator/www/m3/PastPressReleases/Prel/2005/dec05prel.pdf> (released 03 February 2006).

Table 984. Ratios of Manufacturers’ Inventories to Shipments and Unfilled
Orders to Shipments by Industry Group: 1999 to 2005
[Based on a sample survey; for methodology, see source]
Industry

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

INVENTORIES-TO-SHIPMENTS
RATIO
1.38

1.37

1.34

1.33

1.23

1.23

1.19

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products. . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products.
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . .
Miscellaneous products . . . . . . . .

All manufacturing industries . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1.53
1.26
1.17
1.69
1.56
2.05
1.42

1.55
1.32
1.23
1.69
1.56
2.08
1.54

1.52
1.24
1.17
1.73
1.47
2.12
1.49

1.51
1.23
1.15
1.70
1.50
2.13
1.52

1.39
1.25
1.17
1.63
1.50
1.83
1.39

1.41
1.25
1.16
1.64
1.57
1.84
1.41

1.37
1.35
1.09
1.56
1.50
1.76
1.30

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1.42
1.42
1.35
1.89

1.44
1.35
1.35
1.90

1.42
1.35
1.25
1.80

1.43
1.29
1.25
1.77

1.35
1.15
1.17
1.70

1.40
1.13
1.21
1.72

1.38
1.17
1.15
1.60

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products .
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products . . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . . .
Basic chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1.18
0.86
1.55
1.52
1.62
1.89
2.18
1.16
0.81
0.90
1.38
1.20

1.14
0.88
1.51
1.49
1.75
1.89
2.12
1.11
0.80
0.71
1.40
1.21

1.11
0.87
1.48
1.54
1.61
1.74
2.47
1.11
0.75
0.65
1.37
1.12

1.12
0.87
1.63
1.42
1.59
1.72
2.59
1.11
0.77
0.71
1.38
1.07

1.04
0.78
1.65
1.21
1.29
1.42
1.57
1.10
0.76
0.85
1.23
1.07

1.02
0.75
1.59
1.19
1.09
1.60
1.63
1.11
0.79
0.77
1.23
1.14

0.99
0.73
1.65
1.20
1.09
1.64
1.71
1.08
0.79
0.74
1.19
1.12

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

UNFILLED
ORDERS-TO- SHIPMENTS
RATIO
All manufacturing industries . . . . . . .
Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products.
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . .
Miscellaneous products . . . . . . . .

1.51

1.57

1.53

1.45

1.43

1.40

1.52

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2.61
1.69
2.02
2.50
2.93

2.78
1.45
2.02
2.51
3.07

2.79
1.51
1.92
2.50
3.22

2.65
1.37
1.75
2.16
3.29

2.67
1.57
1.83
2.39
3.45

2.64
1.49
1.94
2.37
3.38

2.90
1.58
2.12
2.56
3.29

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1.78
4.24
1.27
0.49

1.76
4.92
1.14
0.62

1.57
4.97
1.10
0.41

1.68
4.67
0.93
0.42

1.68
4.46
0.99
0.52

1.77
4.50
1.04
0.53

1.96
5.41
1.02
0.40

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1992−2005,
Series M3-1(05). See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/m3-05.pdf> (released May 2006) and <http://www.census.gov
/indicator/www/m3/PastPressReleases/Prel/2005/dec05prel.pdf> (released 03 February 2006).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

633

Table 985. Value of Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and New Orders
by Industry: 1999 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (4,031,887 represents $4,031,887,000,000). Based on a sample survey; for methodology, see source. These
data are on a North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 basis and not comparable to previous data, which were
based on the Standard Industrial Classification system]
Industry

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

SHIPMENTS
4,031,887

4,208,584

4,022,901

3,965,245

3,972,114

4,259,207

4,544,839

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products .
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . .
Miscellaneous products . . . . . . . .

All manufacturing industries . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2,326,736
97,311
96,153
156,648
257,071
276,904
467,059

2,373,688
93,669
97,329
156,598
268,213
291,548
510,639

2,203,102
88,550
94,460
137,469
258,918
268,457
434,427

2,168,434
90,120
93,755
137,789
257,475
256,215
391,274

2,130,238
91,240
96,349
136,839
244,662
253,600
353,667

2,251,915
103,420
101,870
178,996
259,874
269,203
361,938

2,385,367
105,030
112,321
194,247
275,301
295,315
394,644

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

118,313
676,328
72,659
108,290

125,443
639,861
75,107
115,281

116,919
613,837
70,885
119,180

105,393
634,614
72,898
128,901

101,770
645,759
76,621
129,731

104,244
659,930
80,153
132,287

112,096
666,790
87,079
142,544

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . .
Food products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills . . . . . . . . .
Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . .
Basic chemicals . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1,705,151
426,001
106,920
54,306
32,689
62,305
9,653
156,915
101,536
162,620
420,321
171,885

1,834,896
435,229
111,692
52,112
33,654
60,339
9,647
165,298
104,396
235,134
449,159
178,236

1,819,799
456,692
117,422
45,141
34,165
56,545
8,108
159,150
99,303
222,356
442,790
178,127

1,796,811
467,353
104,579
43,152
34,933
53,201
8,718
157,834
96,045
211,910
441,494
177,592

1,841,876
482,815
106,873
42,557
30,827
40,624
6,003
149,271
92,191
237,010
477,360
176,345

2,007,292
511,450
112,270
40,258
33,254
33,495
5,757
153,969
93,193
312,884
528,215
182,547

2,159,472
532,496
114,800
36,012
34,326
33,879
5,630
158,053
89,822
404,591
553,657
196,206

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

INVENTORIES (Dec. 31)
All manufacturing industries . . . .

452,803

470,084

436,622

428,086

395,920

423,197

439,763

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products .
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . .
Miscellaneous products . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

288,362
10,289
9,279
22,309
32,800
46,050
52,838

298,232
10,329
9,799
22,199
34,085
49,151
63,024

271,597
9,146
9,009
19,887
31,070
45,966
52,001

264,010
9,150
8,746
19,603
31,368
43,964
47,614

239,411
9,398
9,114
18,622
29,844
37,467
39,309

256,144
10,663
9,570
24,410
33,087
39,914
41,073

264,976
11,776
9,925
25,295
33,631
42,026
41,131

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

13,510
76,781
7,983
16,523

14,505
69,199
8,261
17,680

13,307
66,633
7,216
17,362

12,112
65,631
7,399
18,423

11,027
59,490
7,316
17,824

11,694
59,488
7,878
18,367

12,354
62,280
8,111
18,447

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . .
Food products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products
Textile mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills . . . . . . . . .
Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products . . .
Basic chemicals . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

164,441
30,650
14,167
6,648
4,219
9,454
1,675
15,034
6,394
11,375
47,806
17,019

171,852
31,882
14,331
6,243
4,698
9,170
1,634
15,205
6,445
12,840
51,623
17,781

165,025
33,273
14,696
5,586
4,401
7,889
1,603
14,604
5,811
11,179
49,567
16,416

164,076
34,061
14,335
4,906
4,441
7,322
1,814
14,414
5,737
11,614
49,768
15,664

156,509
31,223
14,765
4,147
3,185
4,596
759
13,448
5,508
15,466
47,902
15,510

167,053
31,680
14,961
3,854
2,886
4,261
757
14,083
5,765
18,675
53,052
17,079

174,787
32,479
15,779
3,473
2,991
4,406
780
14,008
5,550
23,303
53,916
18,102

All manufacturing industries . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

NEW ORDERS
3,957,242

4,161,472

3,917,225

3,866,899

3,900,807

4,208,065

4,549,636

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2,252,091
97,311
96,153
156,968
258,116
278,277
402,216

2,326,576
93,669
97,329
153,625
270,021
294,608
436,415

2,097,426
88,550
94,460
135,902
255,179
263,754
352,220

2,070,088
90,120
93,755
136,421
253,809
246,231
316,275

2,058,931
91,240
96,349
139,030
244,335
258,145
281,435

2,200,773
103,420
101,870
183,267
264,364
271,736
289,773

2,390,164
105,030
112,321
197,739
281,683
304,955
324,505

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

120,774
660,215
73,393
108,668

126,196
663,326
74,532
116,855

113,930
605,854
70,270
117,307

104,845
627,219
72,102
129,311

101,309
639,000
77,255
130,833

105,329
667,728
80,770
132,516

114,951
720,083
87,452
141,445

Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1,705,151

1,834,896

1,819,799

1,796,811

1,841,876

2,007,292

2,159,472

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . .
Primary metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products .
Electrical equipment, appliances,
and components . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products . . . .
Miscellaneous products . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1992−2005,
Series M3-1(05). See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/m3-05.pdf> (released May 2006) and <http://www.census.gov
/indicator/www/m3/PastPressReleases/Prel/2005/dec05prel.pdf> (released 03 February 2006).

634

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 986. Value of Manufactures’ Shipments, Inventories, and New Orders
by Market Grouping: 1999 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (4,031,887 represents $4,031,887,000,000). Based on a sample survey; for methodology, see source]
Market grouping

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

SHIPMENTS
All manufacturing industries . . . . . . . 4,031,887 4,208,584 4,022,901 3,965,245 3,972,114 4,259,207

4,544,839

Consumer goods . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer durable goods . . . . . .
Consumer nondurable goods. . . .
Aircraft and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defense aircraft and parts. . . . . .
Nondefense aircraft and parts . . .
Construction materials and supplies .
Motor vehicles and parts . . . . . . . .
Computers and related products . . .
Information technology industries. . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

. 1,438,519 1,500,532 1,499,818 1,499,041 1,560,671 1,679,985
.
426,337
391,463
377,514
395,817
416,418
419,372
. 1,012,182 1,109,069 1,122,304 1,103,224 1,144,253 1,260,613
.
120,242
111,658
118,333
110,504
99,477
102,780
.
27,719
24,560
27,848
34,538
37,584
40,084
.
92,523
87,098
90,485
75,966
61,893
62,696
.
434,138
444,812
430,226
432,419
426,625
459,478
.
498,716
471,180
439,905
463,808
485,921
494,622
.
113,162
110,242
92,595
84,835
68,768
64,894
.
374,384
399,751
357,327
314,988
277,281
283,889

1,793,004
422,668
1,370,336
119,883
39,897
79,986
488,096
481,835
78,405
307,279

Nondefense capital goods
Excluding aircraft . . . .
Defense capital goods . . .
Durables excluding capital

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
768,799
808,345
731,280
674,464
631,666
654,931
.
713,042
757,617
680,413
633,454
600,469
624,559
.
70,955
67,051
72,946
78,434
83,825
91,107
. 1,486,982 1,498,292 1,398,876 1,415,536 1,414,747 1,505,877

730,842
683,934
90,677
1,563,848

.....
.....
.....
goods

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

INVENTORIES (Dec. 31)
All manufacturing industries . . . . . . .

452,803

470,084

436,622

428,086

395,920

423,197

439,763

Consumer goods . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer durable goods . . . . . .
Consumer nondurable goods. . . .
Aircraft and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defense aircraft and parts. . . . . .
Nondefense aircraft and parts . . .
Construction materials and supplies .
Motor vehicles and parts . . . . . . . .
Computers and related products . . .
Information technology industries. . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

123,218
26,307
96,911
42,599
11,052
31,547
47,510
22,102
7,963
44,375

128,148
26,108
102,040
36,091
9,423
26,668
49,389
22,283
8,350
50,795

124,225
23,506
100,719
35,347
9,153
26,194
45,034
19,773
7,035
42,259

126,144
24,805
101,339
34,220
9,387
24,833
46,201
20,428
6,126
37,905

120,753
23,824
96,929
31,790
10,227
21,563
44,546
20,686
3,662
33,715

126,882
25,010
101,872
30,317
10,580
19,737
48,890
21,837
3,971
35,553

131,725
25,384
106,341
31,922
11,405
20,517
51,168
22,445
3,974
34,758

Nondefense capital goods
Excluding aircraft . . . .
Defense capital goods . . .
Durables excluding capital

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

121,653
96,254
19,754
146,955

127,162
106,669
17,153
153,917

115,012
95,193
17,788
138,797

105,939
88,050
17,940
140,131

95,757
78,880
15,054
128,600

98,275
83,672
14,966
142,903

102,346
86,644
14,861
147,769

.....
.....
.....
goods

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

NEW ORDERS
All manufacturing industries . . . . . . . 3,957,242 4,161,472 3,917,225 3,866,899 3,900,807 4,208,065

4,549,636

Consumer goods . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer durable goods . . . . . .
Consumer nondurable goods. . . .
Aircraft and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defense aircraft and parts. . . . . .
Nondefense aircraft and parts . . .
Construction materials and supplies .
Motor vehicles and parts . . . . . . . .
Computers and related products . . .
Information technology industries. . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

. 1,440,903 1,501,810 1,498,197 1,498,851 1,561,641 1,680,496
.
428,721
392,741
375,893
395,627
417,388
419,883
. 1,012,182 1,109,069 1,122,304 1,103,224 1,144,253 1,260,613
.
107,336
130,575
111,611
103,304
90,126
102,561
.
25,717
31,326
36,587
39,414
40,274
30,988
.
81,619
99,249
75,024
63,890
49,852
71,573
.
435,034
446,792
426,392
431,760
425,288
462,478
.
499,527
468,470
438,837
464,370
487,464
495,364
.
114,481
107,656
92,137
85,740
67,235
63,530
.
389,160
409,500
347,051
308,181
272,614
286,039

1,791,838
421,502
1,370,336
175,721
36,575
139,146
494,225
483,467
78,173
314,559

Nondefense capital goods
Excluding aircraft . . . .
Defense capital goods . . .
Durables excluding capital

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
772,703
831,335
698,785
647,124
627,150
664,570
.
728,089
767,754
663,396
615,525
604,513
623,449
.
67,900
79,598
82,723
78,180
87,295
97,156
. 1,411,488 1,415,643 1,315,918 1,344,784 1,344,486 1,439,047

805,784
698,118
82,560
1,501,820

.....
.....
.....
goods

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders: 1992−2005,
Series M3-1(05). See also <http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/m3-05.pdf> (released May 2006) and <http://www.census.gov
/indicator/www/m3/PastPressReleases/Prel/2005/dec05prel.pdf> (released 03 February 2006).

Table 987. Finances and Profits of Manufacturing Corporations: 1990 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (2,811 represents $2,811,000,000,000). Data exclude estimates for corporations with less than $250,000
in assets at time of sample selection. For 1990−2001, based on Standard Industrial Classification system; thereafter, based on
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). See text, Section 15. See Table 773 for individual industry data]
Item
Net sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Net operating profit . . . . . . . . .
Net profit:
Before taxes . . . . . . . . . . . .
After taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cash dividends . . . . . . . . . . . .
Net income retained in business

..
..
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

2001

2

2002

2

2003

2

2004

2

2005

2

1995

1999

2000

2,811
173

3,528
268

4,149
317

4,548
348

4,308
185

4,295
186

4,217
225

4,397
237

4,934
320

5,466
353

160
112
62
49

274
198
81
117

355
258
104
154

381
275
132
143

82
36
102
-67

83
36
103
-66

196
135
106
28

306
237
115
122

447
348
143
205

524
406
173
233

1
Based on Standard Industrial Classification system.
Text, Section 15.

2

2001

1

1990

Based on the North American Industry Classification System; see

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing, Mining, and Trade Corporations. See also
<http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/qfr05q4.pdf> (released April 2006).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

635

Table 988. Manufacturing Corporations—Assets and Profits by Asset Size:
1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (2,629,458 represents $2,629,458,000,000). Corporations and assets as of end of 4th quarter; profits for entire year. Through 2000, based on Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code; beginning 2001, based on North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For corporations above a certain asset value based on complete canvass. The asset
value for complete canvass was raised in 1988 to $50 million and in 1995 to $250 million. Asset sizes less than these values are
sampled, except as noted. For details regarding methodology, see source for first quarter, 1988. Minus sign (−) indicates loss]
Asset-size class
Year
Assets:
1990. .
1991. .
1992. .
1993. .
1994. .
1995. .
1996. .
1997. .
1998. .
1999. .
2000. .
2001 2
2002. .
2003. .
2004. .
Net profit:
1990. .
1991. .
1992. .
1993. .
1994. .
1995. .
1996. .
1997. .
1998. .
1999. .
2000. .
2001 2
2002. .
2003. .
2004. .
2005. .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Total

1

Under
$10 mil. 1

$10−
$25 mil.

$25−
$50 mil.

$50−
$100 mil.

$100−
$250 mil.

$250−
$1 bil.

$1 bil.
and over

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2,629,458
2,688,422
2,798,625
2,904,869
3,080,231
3,345,229
3,574,407
3,746,797
3,967,309
4,382,814
4,852,106
4,747,789
4,823,219
5,162,852
5,538,113

142,498
140,056
143,766
149,763
148,751
155,618
163,928
167,921
170,068
170,058
171,666
169,701
166,191
161,462
163,070

74,477
70,567
70,446
72,854
81,505
87,011
87,096
87,398
87,937
85,200
85,482
84,664
82,369
80,681
80,085

55,914
58,549
65,718
61,243
66,405
68,538
69,722
76,034
69,627
67,352
72,122
67,493
62,654
62,592
71,674

72,554
72,694
75,967
81,389
82,116
87,262
93,205
85,186
86,816
97,810
90,866
88,088
81,667
77,205
81,741

123,967
127,748
132,742
134,388
138,950
159,133
156,702
157,130
148,060
138,143
149,714
131,617
134,821
126,826
126,950

287,512
295,743
302,287
317,774
358,100
370,263
398,651
397,559
419,153
398,881
389,537
393,752
407,423
392,192
414,144

1,872,536
1,923,066
2,007,698
2,087,457
2,204,404
2,417,403
2,605,102
2,775,570
2,985,647
3,425,370
3,892,720
3,812,474
3,888,095
4,261,894
4,600,447

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

110,128
66,407
22,085
83,156
174,874
198,151
224,869
244,505
234,386
257,805
275,313
36,168
134,686
237,041
348,160
406,359

8,527
6,820
9,567
11,195
14,131
13,224
15,802
17,948
18,350
17,398
16,578
8,387
10,003
9,821
14,973
17,436

5,160
4,271
4,748
5,415
7,057
5,668
6,872
8,383
6,421
7,618
6,820
3,366
2,784
3,374
5,745
6,464

2,769
2,564
3,245
3,439
4,072
3,767
4,266
4,153
3,790
3,504
3,403
−408
807
2,005
3,828
3,995

2,661
1,704
3,034
3,218
4,996
5,771
5,664
4,675
4,681
4,798
2,742
403
1,699
2,256
3,080
3,928

3,525
1,707
4,553
3,584
6,745
7,000
7,935
7,074
5,610
4,795
3,510
−543
3,356
2,973
5,140
8,087

7,110
5,027
5,919
4,555
14,626
16,549
16,059
18,433
14,364
12,756
15,121
−6,782
−1,227
4,115
12,787
16,737

80,377
44,316
−8,979
51,750
123,250
146,172
168,271
183,836
181,170
206,934
227,136
31,746
117,262
212,497
302,571
349,711

3

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1
Excludes estimates for corporations with less than $250,000 in assets at time of sample selection.
reported on a NAICS basis. 3 After taxes.

2

Beginning 2001, data

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing, Mining, and Trade Corporations. See also
<http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/qfr05q4.pdf> (released April 2006).

Table 989. Manufacturing Corporations—Selected Finances: 1990 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (2,811 represents $2,811,000,000,000). Data are not necessarily comparable from year to year due to
changes in accounting procedures, industry classifications, sampling procedures, etc.; for detail, see source. Through 2000, based
on Standard Industrial Classification code; beginning 2001, based on North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)]
All manufacturing corps.
Profits

Year

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

...
...
..
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
3
..
...
...
...
...
2

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Durable goods industries

1

Profits

Sales

Before
taxes

After
taxes

2,811
2,761
2,890
3,015
3,256
3,528
3,758
3,922
3,949
4,149
4,548
4,295
4,217
4,397
4,934
5,466

158
99
31
118
244
275
307
331
315
355
381
83
196
306
447
524

110
66
22
83
175
198
225
244
234
258
275
36
135
237
348
406

Nondurable goods industries

1

Profits

Sales

Before
taxes

After
taxes

1,357
1,304
1,390
1,490
1,658
1,808
1,942
2,076
2,169
2,314
2,457
2,321
2,261
2,283
2,537
2,722

57
14
−34
39
121
131
147
167
175
199
191
−69
45
118
200
209

41
7
−24
27
87
94
106
121
128
140
132
−76
21
88
157
160

1

Sales

Before
taxes

After
taxes

1,454
1,457
1,500
1,525
1,598
1,721
1,816
1,847
1,781
1,835
2,091
1,974
1,955
2,114
2,397
2,744

101
85
65
79
123
144
160
164
140
157
190
152
149
188
248
315

69
59
46
56
88
104
119
123
107
117
144
112
113
149
192
246

1
Beginning 1998, profits before and after income taxes reflect inclusion of minority stockholders’ interest in net income before
2
and after income taxes.
Data for 1992 (most significantly 1992: I qtr.) reflect the early adoption of Financial Accounting
Standards Board Statement 106 (Employer’s Accounting for Post-Retirement Benefits Other Than Pensions) by a large number
of companies during the fourth quarter of 1992. Data for 1993: I qtr. also reflect adoption of Statement 106. Corporations must show
the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle in the first quarter of the year in which the change is adopted.
3
Beginning 2001, data reported on a NAICS basis.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing, Mining and Trade Corporations. See also
<http://www.census.gov/prod/2006pubs/qfr05q4.pdf> (released April 2006).

636

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 990. Tobacco Products—Summary: 1990 to 2005
[(710 represents 710,000,000,000). Production data are for calendar years. Excludes cigars produced in customs bonded manufacturing warehouses. 2005 data are preliminary]
Item

Unit

PRODUCTION
Cigarettes, total . . . . . . . .
Nonfilter tip . . . . . . . . .
Filter tip . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tobacco 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smoking . . . . . . . . . . .
Chewing tobacco . . . . .
Snuff . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXPORTS
Cigarettes. . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smoking tobacco . . . . . . .
IMPORTS
Cigarettes. . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smoking tobacco . . . . . . .
CONSUMPTION
Tobacco products per
person 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigarettes per person 2 . . .
EXPENDITURES
Consumer expenditures,
total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigarettes. . . . . . . . . . . .
Cigars . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1990

1995

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

710
23
687
1.9
142
16
73
53

747
15
732
2.1
131
12
63
60

607
8
599
2.9
133
15
51
67

565
7
558
2.8
133
14
49
70

562
6
556
3.7
130
13
47
70

532
5
527
3.8
133
16
45
73

499
6
494
4.0
137
18
43
76

494
5
488
4.4
135
16
39
79

489
(NA)
(NA)
3.7
143
17
39
87

. Bil. cigarettes . .
. Bil. cigars. . . . .
. Bil. lb. . . . . . . .

164.3
72.0
0.8

231.1
94.0
0.3

151.4
84.0
1.6

147.9
113.0
0.5

133.9
124.0
11.0

127.4
122.7
7.9

121.5
130.2
0.7

118.7
171.5
1.3

113.1
183.4
1.2

. Bil. cigarettes . .
. Bil. cigars. . . . .
. Bil. lb. . . . . . . .

1.4
111.0
2.9

3.0
195.0
4.2

8.7
463.4
4.3

11.3
497.0
4.2

14.7
543.4
1.9

20.8
413.5
2.1

23.1
508.0
2.1

22.7
615.6
1.5

18.1
651.7
3.0

. Lb. 3 . . . . . . . .
. 1,000 . . . . . . .

5.6
2.8

4.8
2.5

4.2
2.1

4.1
2.1

4.3
2.1

4.2
2.0

4.0
1.9

3.9
1.8

3.7
1.7

43.8
41.6
0.7
1.5

48.7
45.8
1.0
2.5

72.1
68.3
1.8
2.7

77.5
72.9
1.8
2.7

82.9
77.8
2.1
3.0

88.2
82.8
2.2
3.1

86.8
81.1
2.5
3.2

86.3
80.0
2.9
3.2

88.9
82.0
3.2
3.7

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Billions
Billions
Billions
Billions
Mil. lb. .
Mil. lb. .
Mil. lb. .
Mil. lb. .

Bil.
Bil.
Bil.
Bil.

dol.
dol.
dol.
dol.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1
Smoking and chewing tobaccos and snuff output. 2 Based on estimated population, 18 years old and
NA Not available.
over, as of July 1, including Armed Forces abroad. 3 Unstemmed processing weight equivalent.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Tobacco Situation and Outlook, quarterly. See also
<http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/ers/TBS/2000s/2006/TBS-04-28-2006.pdf> (released 25 April 2006).

Table 991. Cotton, Wool, and Manmade Fibers—Consumption by End-Use:
1990 to 2004
[14,011 represents 14,011,000,000. Represents products manufactured by U.S. mills. Excludes glass fiber]
Cotton

Wool

Manufactured fibers
Artificial

Year

Total:
1990. . . . . . .
2000. . . . . . .
2001. . . . . . .
2002. . . . . . .
2003. . . . . . .
2004. . . . . . .
Apparel:
1990. . . . . . .
2000. . . . . . .
2001. . . . . . .
2002. . . . . . .
2003. . . . . . .
2004. . . . . . .
Home textiles:
1990. . . . . . .
2000. . . . . . .
2001. . . . . . .
2002. . . . . . .
2003. . . . . . .
2004. . . . . . .
Floor coverings:
1990. . . . . . .
2000. . . . . . .
2001. . . . . . .
2002. . . . . . .
2003. . . . . . .
2004. . . . . . .
Industrial: 1
1990. . . . . . .
2000. . . . . . .
2001. . . . . . .
2002. . . . . . .
2003. . . . . . .
2004. . . . . . .

Synthetic

Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent
Total
Total
of
Total
of
Total
of
Total
of
Total
(mil. lb.) (mil. lb.) end-use (mil. lb.) end-use (mil. lb.) end-use (mil. lb.) end-use (mil. lb.)

Percent
of
end-use

14,011
17,904
16,231
15,715
14,816
13,948

4,699
5,128
4,619
4,102
3,512
2,726

33.5
28.6
28.5
26.1
23.7
19.5

185
132
116
96
99
93

1.3
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.7

9,127
12,645
11,496
11,518
11,205
11,129

65.1
70.6
70.8
73.3
75.6
79.8

599
305
282
250
225
228

4.3
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.6

8,528
12,340
11,214
11,268
10,980
10,911

60.9
68.9
69.1
71.7
74.1
78.2

5,204
6,039
5,335
4,733
4,133
3,447

2,897
3,089
2,648
2,232
1,912
1,420

55.7
51.2
49.6
47.2
46.3
41.2

118
79
73
64
65
62

2.3
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.6
1.8

2,189
2,871
2,613
2,437
2,157
1,965

42.1
47.5
49.0
51.5
52.2
57.0

287
154
135
113
93
76

5.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.2

1,902
2,717
2,479
2,325
2,064
1,889

36.5
45.0
46.5
49.1
49.9
54.8

2,235
2,862
2,678
2,504
2,173
1,778

1,325
1,644
1,587
1,492
1,278
974

59.3
57.4
59.3
59.6
58.8
54.8

14
15
13
10
12
10

0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.6
0.6

896
1,203
1,079
1,002
883
794

40.1
42.0
40.3
40.0
40.6
44.7

104
61
56
49
43
40

4.7
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.3

792
1,142
1,022
953
840
753

35.4
39.9
38.2
38.0
38.7
42.4

3,075
4,519
4,059
4,261
4,377
4,481

18
31
30
30
29
29

0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6

21
25
20
14
14
14

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.3

3,036
4,464
4,009
4,218
4,334
4,438

98.7
98.8
98.8
99.0
99.0
99.0











3,036
4,463
4,009
4,218
4,334
4,438

98.7
98.8
98.8
99.0
99.0
99.0

2,965
4,484
4,160
4,216
4,133
4,242

313
364
354
347
293
303

10.6
8.1
8.5
8.2
7.1
7.1

10
13
10
8
8
7

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2,642
4,107
3,796
3,861
3,832
3,932

89.1
91.6
91.3
91.6
92.7
92.7

179
90
91
88
89
112

6.0
2.0
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.6

2,463
4,017
3,705
3,773
3,743
3,831

83.1
89.6
89.1
89.5
90.6
90.3

− Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes consumer-type products.
Source: Fiber Economics Bureau, Inc., Arlington, VA, Fiber Organon, monthly (copyright).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

637

Table 992. Broadwoven and Knit Fabrics—Shipments and Foreign Trade: 2004
[2,106,257 represents 2,106,257,000. Fabric blends as shown in the report are reported based on the chief weight of the fiber;
whereas, fabrics blends as shown for imports are based on the chief value of the fiber]
Manufacturers’
shipments
(quantity)

Quantity

Value 1
($1,000)

Percent
imports to
manufacturers’
shipments

.
.
.
.

2,106,257
7,076,464
(D)
15,910

1,463,642
1,156,673
40,462
21,662

1,651,717
1,364,501
298,456
199,852

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pile fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elastic fabric . . . . . . . . . . . .

432,333
35,885
26,413

182,681
31,421
34,527

Other warp knit fabrics . . . . .
Other narrow knit fabrics . . . .
Other knit fabrics . . . . . . . . .

50,017
9,890
310,128

28,242
1,058
87,434

Product description

Quantity

Value
($1,000)

Percent
exports to
manufacturers’
shipments

69.5
16.3
(D)
136.2

567,112
629,473
4,379
8,998

1,095,264
1,237,438
21,006
47,047

26.9
8.9
(D)
56.6

1,120,374
190,124
345,550

42.3
87.6
(S)

272,322
17,472
41,070

1,625,238
162,083
389,721

63.0
48.7
(S)

173,883
11,744
399,072

56.5
10.7
28.2

11,849
3,649
198,282

104,934
30,150
938,350

23.7
36.9
63.9

Imports for
consumption

Exports of domestic
merchandise

BROADWOVEN FABRICS
(quantity 1,000 sq. meters)
Cotton fabrics 2 . . . . .
Manmade fiber fabrics
Silk fabrics . . . . . . . .
Wool fabrics . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

KNIT FABRICS
(quantity 1,000 kilograms)

D Data withheld to avoid disclosing figures for individual companies.

S Does not meet publication standards.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Series MQ313 and MA313K, annual. See also<http://www
.census.gov/industry/1/mq313t045.pdf> (issued June 2005)<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma313k04.pdf> (issued May 2005).

Table 993. Footwear—Consumption, Production, and Imports: 1990 to 2004
[In millions of pairs of shoes (1,305.2 represents 1,305,200,000), except as indicated]
Item

1990

CONSUMPTION
Consumption, total
Production . . . . . . . . . .
Imports . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of consumption.
PRODUCTION
Men’s . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men’s work . . . . . . . .
Women’s . . . . . . . . . . .
Juveniles’ . . . . . . . . . . .
Athletic . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slippers . . . . . . . . . . . .

2000

2003

2004

. 1,305.2 1,851.5 2,007.9 2,159.0
. 184.6
86.6
39.8
35.2
. 1,120.7 1,764.9 1,968.1 2,123.8
.
85.9
95.3
98.0
98.4
.
.
.
.
.
.

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

24.0
9.2
9.8
1.4
0.3
31.2

12.7
8.1
5.2
0.3
0.1
3.9

12.1
8.9
4.7
0.2
0.1
2.7

Item
Other. . . . . . . . . .
Rubber or fabric . .
Plastic or protective
IMPORTS
Men’s . . . . . . . . .
Men’s work . . . .
Women’s . . . . . . .
Juveniles’ . . . . . . .
Athletic . . . . . . . .
Slippers . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . .
Rubber or fabric . .
Plastic or protective

.....
.....
.....
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

2000

2003

2004

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

2.0
20.6
7.2

0.2
11.3
6.2

0.2
8.5
6.8

102.1
13.2
415.2
132.8
212.3
17.9
3.9
199.2
23.9

200.5
24.1
587.2
228.3
288.1
76.3
9.9
317.3
10.4

213.3
26.5
730.5
251.5
345.2
84.5
9.4
225.7
18.3

220.5
27.8
814.4
259.8
361.8
124.9
9.6
188.4
19.2

NA Not available.
Source: American Apparel and Footwear Association, Arlington, VA, Shoe Stats, annual. See also <http://www.apparelandfootwear
.org/>.

Table 994. Pharmaceutical Preparations—Value of Shipments: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (33,954 represents 33,954,000,000]
NAICS
product
code1

Product description
Pharmaceutical preparations,
except biologicals . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)

1990

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

33,954

79,262

100,741

107,561

109,852

116,301

Affecting neoplasms, endocrine systems,
and metabolic disease . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acting on the central nervous system
and sense organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acting on the cardiovascular system . . .
Acting on the respiratory system . . . . . .

. . 3254121100

2,743

9,784

17,499

20,065

20,789

23,341

. . 3254124100
. . 3254127100
. . 325412A100

7,219
4,815
3,724

18,508
8,993
10,179

24,345
10,339
12,504

24,759
9,671
13,758

25,001
10,224
15,148

25,044
10,246
16,216

Acting on the digestive system . . . . . . .
Acting on the skin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vitamin, nutrient, and hematinic preps. . .
Affecting parasitic and infective disease .
Pharmaceutical preps. for veterinary use

.
.
.
.
.

4,840
1,558
2,588
5,411
1,057

10,046
2,941
5,676
11,037
2,096

13,373
2,844
6,029
11,337
2,471

15,052
3,083
6,877
11,848
2,449

15,252
3,283
6,683
10,819
2,653

16,776
3,245
6,827
11,244
3,362

X Not applicable.

1

.
.
.
.
.

325412D100
325412G100
325412L100
325412P100
325412T100

Based on the North American Industry Classification System, 1997; see text Section 15.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA28G; thereafter, MA325G(01)-1. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma325g05.pdf> (released June 2006).

638

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 995. Inorganic Chemicals and Fertilizers—Production: 1995 to 2004
[17,402 represents 17,402,000]
Product description

Unit

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

.
.
.
.

17,402
8,489
2,647
8,117

15,809
7,979
2,808
7,682

12,227
6,431
2,588
6,702

13,863
7,096
2,945
7,758

11,130
6,328
2,871
6,375

12,058
7,229
3,005
6,344

. . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons . . . . .

8,839
13,134
47,519

8,708
12,492
43,643

7,074
11,546
40,064

7,651
12,289
39,760

7,189
12,537
41,144

7,129
12,693
41,920

. . . . . . . . 1,000 sh. tons . . . . .

10,364

8,899

8,109

8,756

8,837

8,737

INORGANIC FERTILIZERS
Ammonia, synthetic anhydrous . . . . .
Ammonium nitrate, original solution . .
Ammonium sulfate . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Urea (100%) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nitric acid (100%). . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phosphoric acid (100% P2O5) . . . .
Sulfuric acid, gross (100%) . . . . . .
Superphosphates and other fertilizer
materials (100% P2O5) . . . . . . . .

INORGANIC CHEMICALS
Chlorine gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sodium hydroxide, total liquid . . . . . .
Potassium hydroxide liquid. . . . . . . .
Finished sodium bicarbonate . . . . . .
Titanium dioxide, composite and pure

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000

sh.
sh.
sh.
sh.

tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000

metric
metric
metric
metric
metric

tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

12,395
11,408
(D)
520
1,382

14,000
11,523
539
536
1,547

11,489
9,813
465
513
1,327

11,438
9,461
470
535
1,409

10,361
8,796
471
540
1,422

12,329
9,620
525
579
(NA)

Hydrochloric acid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum sulfate (commercial) . . . . . . .
Sodium chlorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sodium phosphate tripoly . . . . . . . . . .
Sodium silicates 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sodium metasilicates . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sodium sulfate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Carbon activated 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydrogen peroxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phosphorous, oxychloride, and trichlorde

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000

metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric
metric

tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .
tons .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

3,904
4,764
1,144
617
(D)
1,203
93
(D)
156
355
226

4,717
(D)
1,076
940
(D)
1,136
72
509
166
1,083
(D)

3,970
2,863
1,020
792
(D)
1,070
63
76
(S)
(S)
(D)

4,028
(D)
1,054
721
(D)
1,054
58
74
(D)
(S)
(D)

(S)
(D)
965
669
(D)
1,074
61
89
112
340
(D)

5,302
(D)
992
677
(D)
1,114
58
86
(D)
357
(D)

1

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

D Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.
Other than metasilicates. 2 Granular and pulverized.

NA Not available.

S Does not meet publication standards.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Series MAQ325A, and MA325B, annual. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/mq325a045.pdf> (released September 2005) and <http://www.census.gov/industry/1/mq325b045.pdf>
(released September 2005).

Table 996. Aluminum—Supply, Shipments, and Foreign Trade: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of pounds (17,334 represents 17,334,000,000)]
Item
SUPPLY
Aluminum supply, total. . .
Primary production . . . . . . . . . .
Recovery from scrap. . . . . . . . .
Imports of ingot and mill products

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

17,334
8,925
5,276
3,133

20,425
7,441
7,030
5,956

23,586
8,087
7,606
7,893

20,071
5,812
6,543
7,687

21,118
5,964
6,453
8,702

21,146
5,962
6,215
8,969

22,282
5,549
6,669
10,064

23,571
5,468
6,592
11,510

Aluminum net shipments, total

1

...

17,188

21,019

24,496

22,802

23,607

23,391

24,952

25,595

PRODUCT
Mill products, total . . . . . . . . .
Sheet, plate, and foil . . . . . .
Rod, bar, and wire. . . . . . . .
Electrical conductor . . . . . . .
Extruded shapes and tube . .
Powder and paste . . . . . . . .
Forgings and impacts . . . . .
Ingot for castings and other 2 . .
MARKET
Domestic, total. . . . . . . . . . . .
Building and construction . . .
Transportation . . . . . . . . . .
Consumer durables . . . . . . .
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment . .
Containers and packaging . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FOREIGN TRADE 3
Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

1990

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

13,013
9,297
370
542
2,546
106
152
4,175

15,716
11,168
534
566
3,102
108
238
5,303

17,676
12,116
690
681
3,792
142
255
6,820

15,434
10,376
571
675
3,447
142
223
7,368

15,700
10,569
591
708
3,457
142
233
7,907

15,691
10,561
576
693
3,468
146
247
7,700

17,123
11,461
631
766
3,821
155
289
7,829

17,784
11,817
660
807
4,048
144
308
7,811

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

14,637
2,663
3,205
1,122
1,309
992
4,772
574
2,551

18,152
2,679
5,749
1,369
1,395
1,257
5,088
615
2,867

21,680
3,204
7,947
1,692
1,704
1,496
4,992
645
2,816

20,506
3,288
7,033
1,421
1,507
1,476
4,961
820
2,296

21,211
3,437
7,523
1,504
1,491
1,427
4,979
850
2,396

21,403
3,432
7,804
1,498
1,433
1,452
4,941
843
1,988

22,904
3,692
8,509
1,585
1,583
1,610
5,098
827
2,048

23,113
3,693
8,683
1,561
1,657
1,664
5,115
740
2,482

........
........

3,753
3,718

3,846
6,899

4,100
9,358

3,734
8,828

3,746
9,679

3,662
9,884

4,416
11,221

5,629
12,607

1
Statistics on shipments and markets for 1990−2000 represent total U.S. producer’s shipments plus imports by consumers.
Figures for 2001−2005 include Canada. 2 Net ingot for foundry castings, export and destructive uses. 3 U.S. imports and
exports of aluminum ingot, mill products, and scrap.

Source: The Aluminum Association, Inc., Washington, DC, Aluminum Statistical Review, annual.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

639

Table 997. Iron and Steel Industry—Summary: 1990 to 2005
[95.5 represents 95,500,000 tons. For financial data, the universe in 1992 consists of the companies that produced 68 percent
of the total reported raw steel production. The financial data represent the operations of the steel segment of the companies. Minus
sign (−) indicates net loss]
Item
Steel mill products, apparent supply .
Net shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scrap consumed . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scrap inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel products: Exports . . .
Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacity by steelmaking process . . .
Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Net income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stockholders’ equity . . . . . . . . . . .
Total assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capital expenditures . . . . . . . . . . .
Working capital ratio 2 . . . . . . . . . .
Inventories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average employment. . . . . . . . . . .
Hours worked. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of output, all employees 3 . . .

Unit
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. tons . .
Mil. net tons .
Bil. dol. . . . .
Bil. dol. . . . .
Bil. dol. . . . .
Bil. dol. . . . .
Bil. dol. . . . .
Ratio. . . . . .
Bil. dol. . . . .
1,000 . . . . .
Million . . . . .
1997 = 100 .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005,
prel.

95.5
85.0
4.3
17.2
50.1
3.6
5.3
21.9
116.7
30.9
0.1
4.3
28.3
2.6
1.6
4.7
169.0
350.0
70.2

109.6
97.5
7.1
24.4
62.0
4.1
8.2
27.3
112.4
35.1
1.5
8.6
35.1
2.5
1.5
5.1
122.6
269.2
90.0

131.9
109.1
6.5
29.4
65.0
5.3
7.7
42.6
130.3
38.8
−1.1
9.9
43.9
2.1
1.7
6.8
99.5
219.7
106.0

116.4
98.9
6.1
30.1
63.0
4.9
7.2
34.4
125.5
31.0
−3.9
5.5
38.1
1.1
1.6
5.7
88.0
186.4
104.4

117.8
100.0
6.0
32.6
62.0
4.2
7.0
37.3
113.7
31.6
−1.3
1.4
34.1
1.1
1.3
5.5
74.4
157.1
124.9

116.1
106.0
8.2
23.1
61.8
4.5
9.3
27.9
121.6
34.3
−6.9
−5.0
29.8
2.1
0.9
4.9
42.5
90.6
130.3

131.8
111.4
7.9
35.8
57.3
4.8
9.6
41.2
116.1
51.1
4.4
11.2
37.3
1.6
2.1
6.5
39.7
87.8
157.7

119.3
103.5
9.4
32.1
(NA)
(NA)
11.3
37.8
119.5
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

NA Not available. 1 In millions of short tons. 2 Current assets to current liabilities. 3 NAICS code 3311. Output per hour.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Internet site <http://stats.bls.gov/iprhome.htm>.
Source: Except as noted, American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC, Annual Statistical Report (copyright).

Table 998. Steel Products—Net Shipments by Market Classes: 1990 to 2005
[In thousands of short tons (84,981 represents 84,981,000). Comprises carbon, alloy, and stainless steel]
Market class
Net shipments, total 1 . . . . . . .
Automotive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel service centers, distributors . . . .
Construction, incl. maintenance 2 . . . .
Containers, packaging, shipping. . . . .
Machinery, industrial equipment, tools .
Steel for converting and processing . .
Rail transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contractors’ products . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas industries . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appliances, utensils, and cutlery . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

84,981
11,100
21,111
9,245
4,474
2,388
9,441
1,080
2,870
1,892
2,453
1,540

97,494
14,622
23,751
14,892
4,139
2,310
10,440
1,373
(2)
2,643
2,397
1,589

109,050
16,063
30,108
20,290
3,708
1,784
12,708
1,307
(2)
2,885
2,055
1,907

99,448
14,059
27,072
21,543
3,232
1,456
10,311
981
(2)
2,953
1,684
1,820

99,191
12,562
22,828
15,729
3,251
1,137
7,201
751
(2)
1,658
1,336
1,734

105,974
15,883
28,551
23,787
3,028
1,178
9,448
938
(2)
2,112
1,099
2,018

111,385
13,858
34,667
23,810
2,592
1,853
8,151
1,185
(2)
2,487
2,026
919

103,474
13,031
23,213
15,858
2,504
1,300
7,559
1,019
(2)
2,056
1,088
1,895

1
2
Includes nonclassified shipments and other classes not shown separately.
Beginning 1994, contractors’ products
included with construction.
Source: American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC, Annual Statistical Report (copyright).

Table 999. Metalworking Machinery—Value of Shipments: 1990 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (3,426 represents $3,426,000,000)]
Product

2000
NAICS
code 1

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal cutting type 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boring machines 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drilling machines 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear cutting machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grinding and polishing machines . . . . . . . . .
Lathes 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Milling machines 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machining centers6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Station type machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other metal cutting machine tools 7 . . . . . . .
Remanufactured metal cutting machine tools .
Metal forming type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Punching and shearing machines . . . . . . . .
Bending and forming machines . . . . . . . . . .
Presses, except forging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forging machines 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other metal forming 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(X)
(X)
333512A1
333512A1
33351211
33351221
33351231
33351241
33351271
33351281
33351291
3335126111
(X)
33351311 pt.
33351311 pt.
33351331
33351351 pt.
33351351 pt.

3,426
2,371
(3)
184
103
434
356
214
437
502
142
(NA)
1,080
200
223
308
74
275

4,547
3,037
172
79
137
550
478
195
699
477
246
(NA)
1,511
326
257
379
(D)
548

3,632
2,552
87
24
181
454
287
151
630
402
333
(NA)
1,080
204
262
303
(D)
311

2,988
2,164
125
23
137
368
262
138
435
348
276
49
824
155
203
180
(D)
276

2,002
1,419
128
17
111
211
132
56
274
170
238
50
583
106
141
140
(D)
187

1,966
1,399
77
53
287
169
119
39
318
(D)
250
42
567
103
133
121
(D)
169

2,492
1,839
91
53
342
196
232
35
475
(D)
365
46
653
148
175
123
(D)
150

1
D Data withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available.
X Not applicable.
Based on the North American Industry
Classification System, 2000; see text Section 15. 2 Beginning 1995, data for ‘‘All lathes (turning machines)’’ and ‘‘All milling
machines,’’ valued at under $3,025 each are included in total ‘‘Metal cutting type’’ for 1995 through 2000. 3 For 1990, data for
4
‘‘Boring machines’’ were combined with ‘‘Drilling machines’’ to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Beginning 1995,
product code 33351230, ‘‘Lathes,’’ excludes the value for product code 3335123031. All lathes valued under $3,025 each.
5
Beginning 1995, product code 33351240, ‘‘Milling machines,’’ excludes the value for product code 3335124001. ‘‘All milling
machines valued under $3,025 each.’’ 6 Multifunction numerically controlled machines. 7 Excludes those designed primarily
for home workshops, labs, etc. 8 For 1995 through 2003, data for ‘‘Forging machines’’ have been combined with ‘‘Other metal
forming machines’’ to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, Current Industrial Reports, Series MQ35W; and thereafter, MQ333W. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/mq333w045.pdf> (released July 2005).

640

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1000. U.S. Machine Tool Consumption—Gross New Orders and Exports:
2004 and 2005
[Value in millions of dollars (3,244 represents $3,244,000,000)]
2004

2005

Total

Metal
cutting
machines

Metal
forming
machines

Other
manufacturing
technology

Total

Metal
cutting
machines

21,015

18,434

1,184

1,397

22,943

19,324

1,103

2,516

.
.
.
.
.

3,509
3,460
6,331
4,429
3,287

3,121
2,898
5,422
3,960
3,034

157
270
369
249
139

231
292
540
220
114

3,605
3,892
6,837
4,993
3,615

3,077
3,198
5,545
4,252
3,252

165
209
289
297
143

363
485
1,003
445
221

New order value, total .

Item

New order units, total . .
Northeast 1
South 2. . .
Midwest 3 .
Central 4 . .
West 5 . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Other
Metal manufacforming
turing
machines technology

3,244

2,658

185

401

3,606

2,887

194

526

.
.
.
.
.

479
495
1,267
610
392

402
376
1,040
495
345

18
57
59
34
18

59
62
169
81
29

480
596
1,254
803
473

404
452
992
633
406

24
45
66
42
16

52
99
196
128
51

Export order units 6 . . . . . . .
Export order value 6 . . . . . . .

1,763
447

1,425
345

159
35

179
67

1,943
565

1,461
424

206
48

276
93

Northeast 1
South 2. . .
Midwest 3 .
Central 4 . .
West 5 . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

1
Covers Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and
2
Pennsylvania.
Covers Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee,
Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. 3 Covers Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana. 4 Covers Minnesota,
North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana,
5
6
Covers Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, and Arizona.
Represents
Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah.
orders placed with U.S. builders.

Source: The Association for Manufacturing Technology, McLean, VA, (copyright); and American Machine Tool Distributors
Association, Rockville, MD, U.S. Machine Tool Consumption Report, monthly.

Table 1001. Semiconductors, Printed Circuit Boards, and Other Electronic
Components—Value of Shipments by Class of Product:
1990 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (56,301 represents $56,301,000,000). N.e.c. = not elsewhere classified]
2000
NAICS
code 1

Product

1990

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

56,301

164,854

118,868

104,897

103,438

115,340

. . 3344111
. . (X)

1,097
24

703
(2)

700
(2)

584
(2)

629
(2)

638
(2)

. . 3344114
. . 3344117

1,344
143

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X)
Transmittal, industrial, and special-purpose
electron tubes (except x-ray) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electron tubes, receiving type . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receiving type electron tubes and cathode ray
picture tubes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electron tube parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Printed circuit boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integrated microcircuits (semiconductor networks) .
Transistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diodes and rectifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other semiconductor devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

2

2

2

2

3,458
144

2,847
125

2,486
91

1,508
63

1,049
68

3344120
3344131
3344134
3344137
334413A

7,175
16,623
682
668
5,741

11,892
73,664
1,569
621
9,757

8,911
46,337
913
403
7,632

5,764
49,726
818
370
6,632

4,871
54,830
608
391
6,519

4,965
65,950
656
407
7,176

Capacitors for electronic applications . . . . . . . . . 3344140
Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344150
Coils, transformers, reactors, and chokes
for electronic applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344160

1,392
800

2,786
982

1,734
776

1,338
653

1,192
636

1,170
714

976

1,719

1,362

1,154

957

1,048

Coaxial connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344171
Cylindrical connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344174
Rack and panel connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344177

420
514
500

805
725
532

506
688
359

464
528
264

402
563
268

400
631
290

Printed circuit connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334417A
Other connectors including parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 334417D

805
1,085

1,811
2,059

1,147
2,052

776
1,436

834
1,418

1,015
1,101

Filters (except microwave) and piezoelectric
devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transducers, electrical/electronic input or output . .
Switches, mechanical types for electronic circuitry .
Printed circuit assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microwave components and devices . . . . . . . . . .
All other electronic components n.e.c . . . . . . . . .

457
741
579
8,269
1,369
4,898

1,168
1,519
903
37,273
2,435
8,332

984
1,331
828
31,214
1,848
6,173

726
1,203
836
23,171
1,511
4,366

601
1,219
739
19,715
1,415
4,060

619
1,464
729
19,838
1,303
4,110

3344191
3344194
3344197
334418B
334419A
334419E

X Not applicable. 1 North American Industry Classification System, 2000; see text, Section 15. 2 Product codes combined
to avoid disclosing figures for individual companies.
Source: U.S Census Bureau, 1990, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA36Q; thereafter, MA334Q. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma334q04.pdf> (released August 2005).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

641

Table 1002. Computers and Office and Accounting Machines—Value of
Shipments: 1990 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (25,630 represents $25,630,000,000)]
Selected products
Electronic computers 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Host computers (multiusers) . . . . . . .
Single user computers . . . . . . . . . . .
Other computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loaded computer processor boards and
board subassemblies 2 . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer storage devices & equipment .
Parts for computer storage devices &
subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer terminals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer peripheral equipment, n.e.c. 3 .
Parts for input/output equipment . . . . . .
Calculating and accounting machines. . .
Magnetic and optical recording media . .

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

.
.
.
.

25,630
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

49,038
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

62,857
22,877
38,981
998

48,541
16,469
31,492
581

40,448
13,053
26,586
809

38,271
12,237
25,164
870

39,540
12,786
26,164
590

...
...

2,247
7,488

24,448
7,903

37,273
8,995

31,214
7,319

23,171
5,027

19,715
5,101

19,838
5,065

.
.
.
.
.
.

955
2,067
7,697
3,706
(D)
3,695

2,236
1,086
12,331
2,391
1,279
5,106

1,692
415
12,434
2,766
1,210
3,206

1,699
361
10,637
2,360
1,191
2,228

1,578
266
10,460
1,905
845
2,207

1,130
258
9,483
1,849
923
2,271

991
299
9,373
2,593
735
1,882

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

NA Not available. D Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual companies. 1 Beginning 2000, computer industry data
2
These data are collected on two Current Industrial Report forms, MA35R,
are not entirely comparable to previous years.
Computers and Office and Accounting Machines (Shipments) and MA36Q, Semiconductors, Printed Circuit Boards, and Other
Electronic Components. 3 n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA334R. See also <http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma334r04.pdf>
(released August 2005).

Table 1003. Computers and Office and Accounting Machines—Shipments:
2003 and 2004
[Quantity in thousands of units (23,029 represents 23,029,000, value in millions of dollars (38,271 represents $38,271,000,000)]
Number
of
companies,
2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

.

109

23,029

24,492

38,271

39,540

.
.
.
.

13
17
21
7

175
(D)
(D)
(D)

94
(D)
(D)
(D)

3,184
(D)
(D)
(D)

2,463
(D)
(D)
(D)

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

29
33
8
12
5
4
4
26
51

14,950
1,168
9
5,107
(D)
(D)
315
164
(X)

15,790
1,027
42
5,641
(D)
(D)
416
184
(X)

14,709
1,991
25
8,161
(D)
(D)
278
870
5,101

15,272
1,912
72
8,604
(D)
(D)
304
590
5,065

.
.
.
.

16
25
185
19

(X)
(X)
(X)
1,100

(X)
(X)
(X)
195

1,129
258
9,483
47

991
299
9,373
34

.
.
.
.
.

20
8
34
615
34

2,040
(D)
(X)
(X)
(X)

2,694
(D)
(X)
(X)
(X)

1,998
(D)
923
19,715
2,271

1,293
(D)
735
19,838
1,882

Product
Electronic computers (automatic data processors) .
Host computers (multiusers):
Large scale systems and unix servers . . . . . . . .
Medium-scale systems and unix servers. . . . . . .
PC servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other host computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-user computers:
Personal computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Workstations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Laptops (AC/DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notebooks, subnotebooks (battery operated). . . .
Personal digital assistants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other portable computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other single-user computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer storage devices and equipment . . . . . . . . .
Parts for computer storage devices and
subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer peripheral equipment, n.e.c. 1 . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer printers:
Laser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inkjet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calculating and accounting machines . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printed circuit assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Magnetic and optical recording media. . . . . . . . . . . .
X Not applicable.

Quantity
(1,000)

D Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual companies.

1

Value
(mil. dol.)

n.e.c. = not elsewhere classsified.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA334R. See also <http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma334r04.pdf>
(released August 2005).

642

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1004. Consumer Electronics and Electronic Components—
Factory Sales by Product Category: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (43,033 representes $43,033,000,000). Factory sales include imports]
Product category
Total 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video products, total 1 . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog direct-view color TV . . . . . .
Analog projection TV . . . . . . . . . .
Monochrome TV . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital direct-view and projection TV
LCD TV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plasma TV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TV Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Videocassette players . . . . . . . . . .
VCR decks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Camcorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct-to-home satellite . . . . . . . . .
Personal video recorders. . . . . . . .
Digital versatile disc players (DVD) .
Home and portable products,total 1. . .
Compact audio systems . . . . . . . .
Separate audio components . . . . .
Home radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Portable audio equipment . . . . . . .
Portable MP3 players . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile electronics, total 1 . . . . . . . . .
Aftermarket autosound equipment . .
Mobile video and navigation. . . . . .
Factory installed autosound . . . . . .
Wireless (cellular) telephones. . . . .
Pagers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Family Radio Services (FRS) . . . . .
Vehicle security . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PDAs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home office products, total 1 . . . . . . .
Cordless telephones . . . . . . . . . . .
Corded telephones . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telephone answering devices. . . . .
Caller ID devices . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home computers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer printers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modems/fax modems . . . . . . . . . .
Computer peripherals . . . . . . . . . .
Computer software (incl. CDROM) .
Home fax machines . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic gaming, total . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic gaming hardware . . . . . .
Electronic gaming software . . . . . .
Blank media, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blank audio cassettes . . . . . . . . . .
Blank videocassettes . . . . . . . . . .
Blank computer media . . . . . . . . .
Flash media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessories and batteries, total . . . . .
Electronic accessories . . . . . . . . .
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home security systems . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

43,033
12,440
6,197
626
99
(NA)
83
(NA)
178
65
2,439
2,260
421
(NA)
(NA)
5,210
1,270
1,935
360
1,645
(NA)
5,733
1,192
(NA)
3,100
1,133
118
(NA)
190
(NA)
11,021
842
638
827
(NA)
4,187
(NA)
(NA)
1,980
971
920
(NA)
3,375
975
2,400
1,638
376
948
314
(NA)
2,176
793
1,383
1,440

67,905
15,376
6,798
1,417
34
(NA)
75
(NA)
723
59
2,767
2,130
1,265
(NA)
(NA)
6,378
1,162
1,911
284
2,506
(NA)
11,422
1,931
(NA)
3,100
2,574
300
(NA)
142
(NA)
24,140
1,141
557
1,077
(NA)
12,600
2,430
770
816
2,500
919
(NA)
4,500
1,500
3,000
1,415
334
708
373
(NA)
3,544
944
2,600
1,130

96,943
17,927
6,503
1,481
15
1,355
64
(NA)
1,292
14
1,869
2,838
790
77
1,717
6,323
1,776
1,545
351
2,156
80
17,071
2,169
386
2,700
8,995
750
418
218
1,265
36,854
1,562
386
984
54
16,400
5,116
1,564
1,950
4,480
386
1,825
8,550
2,700
5,850
2,169
162
351
1,200
456
6,299
1,356
4,943
1,750

94,211
16,607
5,130
1,060
15
2,485
62
116
790
5
1,058
2,236
1,175
144
2,097
5,726
1,357
1,261
326
1,846
100
16,799
2,098
436
2,850
8,651
790
461
266
1,077
34,924
1,960
294
1,062
35
12,960
5,245
1,564
2,150
5,062
349
1,972
9,689
3,250
6,439
2,679
129
357
1,550
643
5,968
1,378
4,590
1,820

95,793
18,506
5,782
733
12
3,574
246
515
733
4
826
2,361
1,116
57
2,427
5,111
965
1,202
300
1,526
205
16,189
2,211
586
2,950
8,106
810
251
265
875
33,505
1,261
266
1,060
20
12,609
4,829
1,445
2,256
4,961
297
2,794
10,848
3,750
7,098
3,210
98
602
1,600
910
6,460
1,500
4,960
1,965

102,611
19,267
4,756
293
9
4,351
664
1,590
778
2
407
2,002
1,476
178
3,050
4,779
731
981
318
1,355
424
17,184
2,090
580
3,245
9,163
729
235
260
759
38,282
1,268
256
1,210
12
15,584
4,734
1,419
2,707
5,060
242
3,921
10,253
3,188
7,065
3,750
77
527
1,800
1,346
7,041
1,635
5,406
2,055

113,090
20,999
3,526
85
5
6,271
1,579
2,347
867
2
130
1,651
1,886
460
2,183
5,671
900
1,325
232
992
1,289
18,984
2,124
782
3,569
10,538
675
201
255
720
41,770
1,134
259
1,247
13
18,233
4,053
1,465
3,032
5,162
186
4,739
10,512
3,162
7,350
5,458
65
450
1,841
3,102
7,545
1,815
5,730
2,150

125,910
22,552
2,734
15
4
5,320
3,295
4,012
1569
(NA)
71
1,466
1,358
718
1,679
7,266
627
1,211
202
777
3,754
22,367
2,230
951
3,855
13,585
525
168
253
680
45,032
1,017
261
1,426
9
18,215
3,858
1,525
3,575
5,250
128
7,468
11,635
3,594
8,041
6,373
57
422
2,294
3,600
8,435
2,175
6,260
2,250

NA Not available. 1 Includes categories, not shown separately.
Source: Consumer Electronics Association, Washington, DC, Electronic Market Data Book, annual (copyright).

Table 1005. Communication Equipment—Value of Shipments: 1990 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (36,990 represents $36,990,000,000]
NAICS
code 1

1990

2000

(X)
3342101
3342104
3342107
3342201
3342202

36,990
7,537
5,014
3,181
14,768
1,856

104,389
15,174
13,112
28,971
36,357
4,029

. 3342903
. 3342901

346
1,027

447
2,755

471

838

806

928

945

910

1,209
(NA)
109
1,473

782
(S)
272
1,652

1,172
1,051
233
1,752

1,168
929
174
1,971

1,223
833
196
1,760

1,460
983
255
2,273

Product description
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telephone switching and switchboard equipment . . . . . . . .
Carrier line equipment and modems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other telephone and telegraph equipment and components .
Communication systems and equipment (except broadcast) .
Broadcast, studio, and related electronic equipment . . . . . .
Intercommunications systems, including inductive paging
systems (selective calling) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicular and pedestrian traffic control equipment and
electrical railway signals and attachments . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic teaching machines, teaching aids, trainers and
simulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Laser sources 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ultrasonic equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other electronic systems and equipment, n.e.c. . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.

. 3342902
.
.
.
.

3333197
3359997
335999A
335999F

2003

2004

93,803 62,212 56,587
12,188 7,437 4,900
10,943 4,488 3,045
22,841 13,886 12,272
36,501 25,104 25,805
3,491 3,304 2,932

2001

61,672
6,161
3,227
12,139
28,535
2,898

451
2,374

2002

385
2,440

428
2,258

462
2,370

1
North American Industry Classification System; see text,
NA Not available. S Does not meet publication standards.
Section 15. 2 Beginning in 1995, data for laser equipment, instrumentation, and components were eliminated from this survey.
Only laser sources are being collected.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA334P. See also <http://www.census.gov/industry/1
/ma334p04.pdf> (released August 2005).

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

643

Table 1006. Motor Vehicle Manufactures—Summary by Selected Industry: 2004
[51,123 represents $51,123,000,000. Based on the Annual Survey of Manufactures; see Appendix III]
All employees

2

Payroll
Industry

2002
NAICS
code 1

Motor vehicle manufacturing, total .
Motor vehicle, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automobile & light duty motor vehicle . . .
Automobile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Light truck & utility vehicle . . . . . . . . .
Heavy duty truck. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle body & trailer . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle body & trailer . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle body . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel trailer & camper . . . . . . . . . . .

.
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.
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.
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.
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.

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.

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.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.

3361-3363
3361
33611
336111
336112
33612
3362
33621
336211
336212
336213
336214

Motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle gasoline engine & engine parts. . .
Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment
Motor vehicle steering and suspension . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle transmission & power train parts . .
Motor vehicle seating & interior trim . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle metal stamping . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

3363
33631
33632
33633
33634
33635
33636
33637
33639

Per
employee Production
(dol.)
workers2

Value of
shipments 3
(mil. dol.)

Number

Total
(mil. dol.)

1,016,713
215,974
186,912
74,305
112,607
29,062
136,694
136,694
39,052
27,133
22,557
47,952

51,123
14,906
13,589
5,305
8,284
1,317
4,796
4,796
1,460
875
828
1,633

50,283
69,017
72,703
71,400
73,563
45,311
35,084
35,084
37,383
32,249
36,719
34,048

803,098
189,101
165,854
64,074
101,780
23,247
108,660
108,660
29,852
22,477
18,662
37,670

494,623
261,716
241,294
86,818
154,475
20,422
29,316
29,316
8,861
5,695
6,357
8,404

664,045
81,082
77,496
38,856
39,727
89,183
49,968
107,521
160,212

31,422
4,501
3,320
1,918
1,587
5,864
2,029
5,930
6,272

47,318
55,508
42,844
49,364
39,958
65,751
40,599
55,157
39,149

505,337
63,348
55,861
30,904
31,463
72,192
36,854
88,877
125,839

203,591
36,258
22,275
10,982
13,494
35,240
16,104
26,451
42,788

1
2
North American Industry Classification System, 2002; see text, Section 15.
Includes employment and payroll at
administrative offices and auxiliary units. All employees represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for
the payroll period ended nearest the 12th of March. Production workers represents the average of the employment for the payroll
periods ended nearest the 12th of March and May, 3 Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from shipments between
establishments in the same industry classification.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufactures, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, Series
M03(AS)-1. See also <http://www.census.gov/MCD/ASM-AS1.html>.

Table 1007. Motor Vehicle Manufactures—Employees, Payroll, and Shipments
by Major State: 2003
[14,314 represents $14,314,000,000. Industry based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), 2002; see
text, Section 15]

Major state based on
employment

United States
Alabama . . . . . .
Arkansas . . . . .
California . . . . .
Florida . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . .
Illinois . . . . . . .
Indiana . . . . . . .
Iowa . . . . . . . .
Kansas. . . . . . .
Kentucky . . . . .
Michigan. . . . . .
Minnesota . . . . .
Mississippi . . . .
Missouri . . . . . .
New York . . . . .
North Carolina . .
Ohio . . . . . . . .
Oklahoma . . . . .
Oregon. . . . . . .
Pennsylvania . . .
South Carolina. .
Tennessee . . . .
Texas . . . . . . . .
Virginia. . . . . . .
Wisconsin . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
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.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.
.

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.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Motor vehicle manufacturing
(NAICS 3361)

Motor vehicle body and trailer
manufacturing (NAICS 3362)

Motor vehicle parts
manufacturing (NAICS 3363)

Employees, total

Payroll
(mil. dol.)

Shipments
(mil. dol.)

Employees, total

Payroll
(mil. dol.)

Shipments
(mil. dol.)

Employees, total

Payroll
(mil. dol.)

Shipments
(mil. dol.)

211,423
5,231
(1)
6,877
(NA)
6,649
7,580
12,575
(NA)
(1)
17,825
43,782
2,333
(2)
17,014
(NA)
4,405
27,210
(2)
1,202
(NA)
(4)
(5)
5,683
(2)
(4)

14,314
317
(D)
475
(NA)
402
407
784
(NA)
(D)
1,322
3,322
155
(D)
1,256
(NA)
173
1,925
(D)
45
(NA)
(D)
(D)
352
(D)
(D)

259,588
5,820
(D)
7,068
(NA)
7,378
6,540
20,165
(NA)
(D)
22,992
62,323
2,401
(D)
22,172
(NA)
3,092
34,278
(D)
319
(NA)
(D)
(D)
11,797
(D)
(D)

127,157
3,221
1,353
10,116
3,300
3,054
2,837
31,254
7,855
2,680
(NA)
2,217
2,833
(3)
(1)
1,382
2,784
4,155
(2)
6,257
(4)
(1)
2,458
6,302
1,526
(2)

4,325
105
34
296
116
95
100
1,209
262
82
(NA)
81
100
(D)
(D)
46
114
131
(D)
194
(D)
(D)
69
211
41
(D)

25,868
721
227
1,811
604
661
533
7,864
1,455
448
(NA)
428
773
(D)
(D)
253
883
702
(D)
1,264
(D)
(D)
415
1,048
255
(D)

670,428
11,111
6,603
26,337
5,640
9,960
26,511
78,215
6,342
2,982
26,253
164,474
3,585
5,940
13,118
27,280
18,223
95,587
5,590
1,374
12,961
16,920
32,415
13,777
6,231
17,383

31,398
538
192
942
171
367
1,066
3,980
238
105
1,003
9,247
133
201
508
1,594
672
4,888
181
60
488
673
1,165
516
247
827

200,681
3,621
1,000
4,903
892
2,173
6,218
23,449
1,511
662
8,222
55,281
629
1,224
3,486
8,994
5,817
30,391
1,189
313
2,686
5,781
11,530
3,722
1,796
5,184

NA Not available. D Withheld to avoid disclosing data on individual companies. 1 Employee size class of 1,000 to 2,499
2
3
Employee size class of 2,500 to 4,999 employees.
Employee size class of 950 to 999 employees.
employees.
4
Employee size class of 5,000 to 9,999 employees. 5 Employee size class of 10,000 to 24,999 employees.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufactures, Geographic Area Statistics, Series M01(AS)-3. See also
<http://www.census.gov/MCD/ASM-AS3.html>.

644

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1008. Aerospace—Sales, New Orders, and Backlog: 1990 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (136.6 represents $136,600,000,000), except as indicated. Reported by establishments in which the principal business is the development and/or production of aerospace products]
Item
Net sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent U.S. government . . . .
Complete aircraft and parts 1 . . . .
Aircraft engines and parts . . . . . .
Missiles and space vehicles, parts
Other products, services . . . . . . .
Net, new orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backlog, Dec. 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

136.6
53.8
49.9
16.4
22.0
48.3
146.0
250.1

109.3
37.5
57.2
12.5
15.6
24.0
140.1
215.0

117.1
38.6
58.7
15.9
15.5
26.9
122.3
220.1

115.2
46.1
53.9
14.8
15.6
30.9
114.8
222.5

116.2
52.9
49.0
13.9
16.0
37.3
116.7
222.9

116.4
52.9
49.6
13.8
15.6
37.4
117.7
226.9

125.2
52.0
49.6
16.1
14.4
45.2
132.6
234.3

Except engines sold separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, Current Industrial Reports, Series M37G; thereafter M336G. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/m336g0413.pdf> (released August 2005).

Table 1009. Net Orders for U.S. Civil Jet Transport Aircraft: 1990 to 2005
[1990 data are net new firm orders; beginning 1995, net announced orders. Minus sign (−) indicates net cancellations. In 1997,
Boeing acquired McDonnell Douglas]
Type of aircraft and customer
Total number 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 737, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 747, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 757, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 767, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 777, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . . .
Boeing 787, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . . .
Unidentified . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
McDonnell Douglas MD-11, total . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90, total .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .
McDonnell Douglas MD-95, total . . .
U.S. customers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign customers . . . . . . . . . .

.
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.

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.

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.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

670
259
411
189
38
151
153
24
129
66
33
33
60
23
37
34
34





52
16
36
116
91
25


421
138
283
189
85
104
35
2
33
−7
−6
−1
26
4
22
83

83




−6
3
−9
51

51
50
50

585
412
193
378
302
86
24
1
18
43
38
14
6
−2
14
113
60
53










21
13
8

271
49
130
184
51
73
16
7
13
23
15
6
32
−1
9
30

20










−14
−23
9

174
89
172
117
64
127
17

13

2

−2
1
12
26
−1
27










16
23
−7

237
84
185
204
74
145
4

9
−1
−7
6
10

15
12
11
8










8
6
2

267
23
204
142
16
92
10
1
10



9

1
42

43
56

56







8
6
2

1,004
220
811
571
152
439
43
13
30



15

20
154
10
146
235
45
190







−14

−14

1
Includes types of aircraft not shown separately. Beginning 1999, includes unidentified customers.
− Represents zero.
Source: Aerospace Industries Association of America, Washington, DC, Research Center, Statistical Series 23, Internet site
at <http://www.aia-aerospace.org/stats/aerostats/aerostats.cfm>.

Table 1010. U.S. Aircraft Shipments, 1990 to 2004, and Projections, 2005
[Value in millions of dollars (64,567 represents $64,567,000,000)]
Total

Civil

Year

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Large transports

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
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.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Military

General aviation

1

Helicopters

Units

Value

Units

Value

Units

Value

Units

Value

Units

Value

3,321
3,092
2,585
2,585
2,309
2,436
2,220
2,757
3,533
3,799
4,113
3,902
3,251
3,221
3,804
4,518

64,567
67,510
64,740
59,103
52,718
49,381
55,583
65,129
75,724
80,974
72,669
77,608
73,112
68,006
74,526
81,498

521
589
567
408
309
256
269
374
559
620
485
526
379
281
283
290

22,215
26,856
28,750
24,133
18,124
15,263
18,915
26,929
35,663
38,171
30,327
34,155
27,547
21,033
20,484
22,116

1,144
1,021
941
964
928
1,077
1,115
1,549
2,193
2,475
2,802
2,616
2,196
2,080
2,296
2,853

2,007
1,968
1,840
2,144
2,357
2,842
3,048
4,593
5,534
6,803
8,040
7,991
7,261
6,205
6,918
8,632

603
571
324
258
308
292
278
346
363
345
493
415
318
517
805
925

254
211
142
113
185
194
193
231
252
200
270
247
157
366
515
750

1,053
911
753
955
764
811
558
488
418
359
333
345
358
343
420
450

40,091
38,475
34,008
32,713
32,052
31,082
33,427
33,376
34,275
35,800
34,032
35,215
38,147
40,402
46,609
50,000

Excludes off-the-shelf military aircraft.

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Internet site <http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/aerospace/inform/>.

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

645

Table 1011. Aerospace Industry Sales by Product Group and Customer:
1990 to 2006
[In billions of dollars (134.4 represents $134,400,000,000). Due to reporting practices and tabulating methods, figures may differ from those in Table 1008]
Product group
and customer

2005

1

2

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

134.4

107.8

144.7

151.6

152.3

146.6

155.7

170.1

184.0

2006

CURRENT DOLLARS
Total sales. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product group:
Aircraft, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civil 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Military. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Missiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related products and services 5
Customer group:
Aerospace, total . . . . . . . . . . .
DOD 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NASA 7 and other agencies . .
Other customers 8 . . . . . . . .
Related products and services 5
CONSTANT (1987) DOLLARS

...
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

71.4
31.3
40.1
14.2
26.4
22.4

55.0
24.0
31.1
7.4
27.4
18.0

81.6
47.6
34.0
9.3
29.7
24.1

86.5
51.3
35.2
10.4
29.5
25.3

79.5
41.3
38.1
12.8
34.6
25.4

72.8
32.4
40.4
3.5
35.9
24.4

79.1
32.5
46.6
14.7
35.9
26.0

89.1
39.2
50.0
15.3
37.3
28.3

100.4
49.5
50.8
14.4
38.5
30.7

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

112.0
60.5
11.1
40.4
22.4

89.8
42.4
11.4
36.0
18.0

120.6
47.5
13.4
59.7
24.1

126.4
50.1
14.5
61.8
25.3

127.0
57.7
16.4
52.9
25.4

122.2
64.0
15.5
42.7
24.4

129.8
70.1
16.0
43.8
26.0

141.7
74.3
17.4
50.1
28.3

153.3
74.9
17.8
60.6
30.7

...

123.5

86.1

108.2

110.6

109.4

102.3

105.1

110.4

114.8

3

Total sales. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product group:
Aircraft, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civil 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Military. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Missiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related products and services 5
Customer group:
Aerospace, total . . . . . . . . . . .
DOD 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NASA 7 and other agencies . .
Other customers 8 . . . . . . . .
Related products and services 5

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

65.6
28.7
36.8
31.0
24.3
20.6

44.0
19.1
24.8
5.9
21.9
14.3

61.0
35.6
25.4
6.9
22.2
18.0

63.1
37.4
25.7
7.6
21.5
18.4

57.1
29.7
27.4
9.2
24.9
18.2

50.8
22.6
28.2
9.4
25.0
17.1

53.4
22.0
31.5
9.9
24.3
17.5

57.8
25.4
32.4
9.9
24.2
18.4

62.6
30.9
31.7
9.0
24.0
19.1

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

102.9
55.6
10.2
37.1
20.6

71.7
33.9
9.1
28.8
14.3

90.1
35.5
10.0
44.6
18.0

92.2
36.6
10.6
45.0
18.4

91.2
41.5
11.8
38.0
18.2

85.3
44.7
10.8
29.8
17.1

87.6
47.3
10.8
29.5
17.5

92.0
48.2
11.3
32.5
18.4

95.7
46.7
11.1
37.8
19.1

1
Preliminary. 2 Estimate. 3 Based on AIA’s aerospace composite price deflator. 4 All civil sales of aircraft (domestic and
export sales of jet transports, commuters, business, and personal aircraft and helicopters). 5 Electronics, software, and ground
support equipment, plus sales of nonaerospace products which are produced by aerospace-manufacturing use technology,
6
7
Department of Defense.
National Aeronautics and Space
processes, and materials derived from aerospace products.
Administration. 8 Includes civil aircraft sales (see footnote 4), commercial space sales, all exports of military aircraft and missiles,
and related propulsion and parts.

Source: Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc., Washington, DC, 2005 Year-end Review and Forecast; and
Internet site <http://www.aia-aerospace.org>.

Table 1012. Major Household Appliances—Value of Shipments: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (11,670.0 represents $11,670,000,000). For North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2000
based codes]
Product

2000
NAICS
code

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33522
Electric household ranges, ovens, and
surface cooking units, equipment, and
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gas household ranges, ovens, and
surface cooking units, equipment, and
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other household ranges, cooking
equipment, outdoor cooking equipment incl. parts and accessories . . . .
Household refrigerators 1, 2 . . . . . . . . .
Food freezers, complete units, for
freezing and/or storing frozen food—
(household type) 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts and attachments for household
refrigerators and freezers . . . . . . . . .
Household laundry machines
and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water heaters, electric . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water heaters, except electric . . . . . . .
Household appliances, n.e.c. and
parts 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2004

2005

11,670.0 17,125.2 16,710.6 16,835.8 18,119.3 18,721.3

1990

2000

2001

2002

2003

20,230.5

3352211

1,659.8

2,170.3

2,004.5

1,823.5

2,176.1

2,284.7

2,554.7

3352213

739.4

779.1

902.0

929.4

1,017.9

1,119.8

1,390.2

3352215
3352221

581.1
3,208.1

1,251.1
5,395.8

1,027.0
5,227.1

1,050.8
5,080.3

966.7
4,993.3

913.6
5,001.5

964.0
5,404.9

3352222

226.6

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

3352223

134.0

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

3352240
3352281
3352283

2,924.5
433.8
577.2

4,046.6
572.7
843.6

4,162.0
555.7
799.3

4,446.5
576.0
842.0

4,769.5
569.5
985.6

5,129.6
545.3
884.1

5,236.3
638.4
973.8

3352285

1,185.5

2,066.1

2,033.1

2,008.9

2,055.9

2,296.8

2,480.7

D Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual companies. 1 Includes combination refrigerator-freezers. 2 Product code
3
33522210000 and 3352222000 are combined to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.
n.e.c. = not elsewhere
classified.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, Current Industrial Reports, Series MA36F; thereafter Series MA335F. See also
<http://www.census.gov/industry/1/ma335f05.pdf> (released July 2006).

646

Manufactures
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007