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•A3 •B1 •C1

Filipino seafarers prone to ‘We cannot be silent about Docete

exploitation, says CBCP officials what we know’ –Pope A Catechetical Publication of the Episcopal
Commission on Catechesis and Catholic Education

Bishops blame mining, Church tells gov’t to ditch

gov’t neglect over plans for more casinos

ComVal landslides PLANS for a string of large-scale gambling and
casinos should be ditched, a religious leader has
IN a rare media interview, a Catholic bishop said.
took issue with the local authorities of Roman Catholic bishops called
Compostela Valley over the death of at least 20 on government officials to
people due to twin landslides there. block such a scheme. Depart-
Tagum Bishop Wilfredo Manlapaz said that ment of Trade and Industry
over Church-run Radyo Veritas, because for secretary Peter Favila,
him, those tragic deaths could have been pre- Protagonist of Truth, Promoter of Peace
earlier this week,
vented had the authorities acted earlier. claimed continuing
The landslides, which struck Poblacion September 15 - 28, 2008 Vol. 12 No. 19 Php 20.00 promotion of casi-
Landslides / A6 Casino / A6
© Roy Lagarde / CBCP Media

Cebu Archbishop Ricardo Cardinal Vidal crowns a statue of Our Lady of Mediatrix of All Grace during a Mass for the 5th National Pilgrimage to Lipa at the Carmel Monastery Church on Sept.12. The pilgrimage is also in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the reported

Church gains momentum on

"appearance" of the Blessed Mother to Sr. Teresita Castillo at the Carmelite Convent in Lipa.

fight vs. reproductive health

By Roy Lagarde The “on-air survey” released gress. “The reproductive advocacy of constitution promotes protection Llandro Mendoza (4rth district,
by Church-run Radyo Veritas on In the survey, the number of the church against RH bill 5043 is of mothers and unborn child from Batangas), Rene Velarde
THE Catholic Church September 15 painted a rosy pic- lawmakers against the passage of gaining momentum with more the moment of conception. (BUHAY), Emmanuel Villanueva
continued to gain ture of the Church’s gains after the bill pending in Congress is than 62 representatives and “All abortion and abortifacient (CIBAC), Eduardo Zialcita (1st
few weeks of campaigning now at 62 compared to the 26 that counting who are against the pas- pills, drugs, injectables are con- district, Parañaque), Carmencita
ground in its fight against the bill that pushes artifi- are in favor. sage of the bill,” he said. trary to God’s design. RH bill Reyes (Marinduque), Ellen
against the reproductive cial family planning. Fr. Anton Pascual, Radio “This bill is very disturbing to 5034 is anti-life, anti-family, and Ermita Buhain (1st district,
health bill, with a no- The poll also offered a glimpse Veritas President, said the result the Catholic moral principle of anti-Filipino,” said Pascual. Batangas), Eleandro Madrona
table lead in lawmakers’ of how some lawmakers made a of their survey only proves that absolute value of human life Started only last September 8, (Romblon), Vincent Garcia (2nd
turnaround stand in the weeks of the advocacy of the Church from first moment of conception the “on-air survey” of Veritas is district, Davao), Belma Cabilao
support, according to a lobbying by Church officials and against RH bill 5043 is gaining up to the end of this natural life,” expected to conclude by Friday, (1st district, Zamboanga
newly released poll. pro-life organizations in Con- momentum. he added, saying that even the September 19. Sibugay), Edgar Valdez (APEC),
Among those who opposed the Reynila Nicolas (4rth district,

Pope appoints RP bishop,

RH bill are Bem Noel (AN Bulacan), Hermilando Mandanas
WARAY), Glenn Chong (Biliran), (2nd district, Batangas), Teodolo
Mary Ann Susano (2nd district, Coquilla (Eastern Samar), Irwin
Quezon City), Rizalina Seachon Tieng (BUHAY), Antonio Cuenco

Filipina to attend Synod in Rome

(3rd district, Masbate), Proceso (2nd district, Cebu), Reynaldo Uy
Alcala (2nd district, Quezon), (1st district, Western Samar),
Emil Ong (2nd district, northern Sharee Ann Tan (2nd district,
Samar), Rufus Rodriguez (2nd Western Samar), Oscar Malapitan
district, Cagayan de Oro), (1st district, Caloocan), Florencio
Milagros Magsaysay (1st district, Miraflores (Aklan), Pablo John
Zambales), Antonino Rodolfo Garcia (3rd district, Cebu), Al
(4rth district, Nueva Ecija), Francis Bichara (2nd district,
Edgardo Chatto (1st district, Albay), Raul del Mar (1st district,
Bohol), Joseph Abaya (1st district, Cebu), Liwayway Chato
Cavite), Bienvenido Abante (6th (Camarines Norte), Alfonso
district, Manila), Amelita Umali (2nd district, Oriental
Bastes David Yap-Go Pabillo Tagle Quevedo
Quevedo Villarosa (Occidental Mindoro), Mindoro), Edgardo San Luis (4rth
A LAY Filipina is among the over twenty It is neither a deliberative body nor one that She also hosts a weekly TV magazine pro- Erico Fabian (2nd district, district, Laguna), Edwin Uy (2nd
women from around the world appointed by defines dogmas or makes rules for the Church. gram, Power to Unite aired at NBN and IBC. Zamboanga), Exequiel Javier district, Isabela), Herminia
Pope Benedict XVI to attend the Synod on the Also appointed by the Pope to participate in Go likewise heads the International Organi- (Antique), Carmelo Lazatin (1st Ramiro (2nd district, Misamis Oc-
Word of God in October in Rome. the Synod was Cotabato Archbishop Orlando zation of Folk Arts Philippines promoting val- district, Pampanga), Monico cidental), Guillermo Romarate
The Vatican officially announced last week Quevedo, secretary general of the Federation ues among public school children nationwide Puentevella (Bacolod), Eric (2nd district, Surigao del Norte),
the appointment of Elvira Yap-Go, a Papal of the Asian Bishops Conferences. through myths and legends. Singson (2nd district, Ilocos Sur), Rodolfo Valencia (1st district,
Awardee Pro Ecclesiae et Pontificae as one of Quevedo’s appointment will bring the num- In addition to the voting members consist- Iggy Arroyo (5th district, Negros Oriental Mindoro), Thelma
the Auditors of the said gathering. ber of Filipino bishops who will be attending ing of bishops and priests, there are also guests Occidental), Zenaida Angpin (3rd Almario (2nd district, Davao),
The Vatican report said the upcoming Synod the said meeting to five. called Auditors. district, Manila), Benjamin Asilo Carissa Coscolluela (Buhay), An-
of Bishops includes the largest participation Members of the Catholic Bishops Conference As appointed Auditor, Go is expected to at- (1st district, Manila), Amado tonio Alvarez (1st district,
ever by women. of the Philippines last July elected bishops Luis tend all the sessions and will have the opportu- Bagatsing (5th district, Manila), Palawan), Nanette Daza (4rth dis-
The Pontiff appointed 25 women to join in- Antonio Tagle, Pablo David, Arturo Bastes and nity to express her opinions on the various sub- Roilo Golez (2nd district, trict, Quezon City), Pedro
cluding six Experts and 19 Auditors. Among Broderick Pabillo as their delegates to the Synod. jects addressed in the commissions and discus- Parañaque), Therese David- Romualdo (Camiguin), Mariano
them are three Asians, one of which is Go. Go is the chair of the national secretariat of sion circles which are established according to Bonoan (4rth district, Manila), Piamonte (A-Teacher) and Joseph
A Synod is a gathering of Catholic bishops, the Catholic Family Bible Quiz, a program linguistic criteria, personal dialogues with the Jaime Lopez (2nd district, Ma- Violago (2nd district, Nueva
summoned to Rome by the Pope, to advise him which aims to draw families to closer to God Synod fathers, as well as the so called auditions nila), Francisco Matugas (1st dis- Ecija).
on the subject of his choice. and the Church through the Bible. on plenary sessions. (CBCPNews) trict, Surigao del Norte), Mark Reproductive Health / A6

Priest joins Ramadhan CBCP calls on Catholics to reject

REDEMPTORIST priest Amado Picardal thing. I am praying and fasting for
is joining the Muslims in praying and
fasting for peace in this holy month of
peace amidst the escalating armed con-
flict in Mindanao during the month of
Ramadhan. I will be doing this every
‘false prophets’
Picardal, who hails from Iligan City Friday. I will still be fasting on the THE Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the their lives and souls.” tain interested parties to make use of the
said that he is observing the fast to ex- other days of the week but it will be Philippines today called on the Catholic “Lawmakers owe it to themselves and proposed law as a convenient vehicle to
press his solidarity with Muslims in the traditional Catholic type of fasting, faithful “to stand in solidarity and cour- to the people they serve to recognize that enter into a permanent sales contract with
Mindanao who are also fasting. this means eating only one meal a day,” age and reject false prophets who are try- the truth about man and woman ema- manufacturers of contraceptives.
“For 24 hours, I won’t be eating any- he said. ing to impose a new morality upon the nates from God, and not from Congress. “Our friends in Congress should exert
Picardal said the abandonment of the nation, which offends all notions of right It is not created by politically designed every effort to make sure the proposed
peace process between the govern- and wrong, good and bad, and rejects the surveys or political consensus,” the state- law is not exploited by certain parties, in
ment and the Moro Islamic Lib- very truth we have received from God.” ment said. collaboration with contraceptives manu-
eration Front (MILF) has sad- The call was made by Archbishop “The Church will continue to teach the facturers and suppliers, to create their
dened him considering the Paciano Aniceto of San Fernando, truth, and tell the faithful what they need own pork barrel, which will again hit the
rising atrocities reported Pampanga, on behalf of the CBCP Epis- to know to perfect their lives in good- poor, in the billions of pesos,” the ECFL
daily. copal Commission on Family and Life ness. The Church will not tell men and statement said.
“There is nothing much I (ECFL), which he chairs, in the wake of women what they simply want to hear, “There is nothing to prevent an unscru-
can do. I feel so helpless in published statements attributed to the or give moral consent to any wrong or pulous politician from demanding com-
the midst of this seemingly principal author of House Bill 5043 on harmful thing they may want to do, at missions from the condoms manufactur-
hopeless situation. I cannot reproductive health, which makes certain the bidding of false prophets. The ers for having helped in the passage of
bike for peace across the claims against the Catholic Church. Church will continue to denounce as an law that provides for the continued gov-
war-torn areas, the clashes In a statement to the press, Aniceto cau- offense against the fundamental right of ernment purchase of contraceptives year
have already started and be- tioned lawmakers against “trying to Christians, any effort to fashion a new after year. The proposed 2009 budget
sides I am afraid to be propagate false and harmful doctrines golden calf as an object of worship in alone carries an appropriation of at least
caught in the cross-fire. So that have already misled countless men lieu of God.” P3.4 billion for this purpose,” a source
Ramadhan / A6 and women around the world, and The Archbishop called on the members close to Archbishop Aniceto explained.
caused the moral and spiritual ruin of of Congress to check any effort by cer- (CBCPNews)
CBCP Monitor
A2 World News Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Holy Father concludes his visit, saying,

‘I prayed for France and for the world!’
LOURDES, France, September 15, 2008—The Holy Fa- light which was a prominent feature of his preaching,
ther thanked the French for their hospitality during his the Holy Father depicted Lourdes as “like a light in the
four-day trip that ended with a departure ceremony on darkness of our groping to reach God. Mary opened
Monday afternoon. During his closing remarks, the Pon- there a gate towards a hereafter which challenges and
tiff recalled that before the Grotto of Massabielle, he spent charms us.”
time praying for the pilgrims, for the Church, for France, “The Pope was duty bound to come to Lourdes to cel-
and for the world. ebrate the 150th anniversary of the apparitions,” he said.
Following this morning’s Mass for the sick, the Pope “Before the Grotto of Massabielle, I prayed for all of you.
traveled to the airport of Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrenees for I prayed for the Church. I prayed for France and for the
his farewell ceremony. Present for the celebration were world.”
the French prime minister, Francois Fillon, political and Similar to all other pilgrims, the Holy Father explained,
civil authorities, the bishops of the Mini-Pyrenees re- “I completed all four stages of the Jubilee Way, visiting
gion, and the president, vice president and secretary gen- the parish church, the Cachot and the Grotto, and finally
eral of the Conference of Bishops of France. the chapel of the hospital. I also prayed with and for the
Benedict XVI thanked all who had worked “devotedly sick who come here to seek physical relief and spiritual
and whole-heartedly for the successful outcome,” of his hope. God does not forget them, and neither does the
four day visit to France. Church. Like every faithful pilgrim, I wanted to take
He described his journey in terms of the two panel part in the torchlight procession and the Blessed Sacra-
piece of art called a diptych. ment procession. They carry aloft to God our prayers
The first panel of the visit was “Paris, a city that I know and our praise,” he reminded.
well and the scene for several important meetings. There Benedict XVI also recalled how he shared with French
I met a vibrant people, proud of their firm faith; I came to bishops “my conviction that the times are favorable for a
encourage them to persevere courageously in living out return to God.”
the teaching of Christ and His Church,” he said. Minutes later, Pope Benedict boarded his flight and
The second panel of the diptych contained “a sym- departed, arriving two hours later at Rome’s Ciampino
bolic place, which attracts and fascinates every believer,” airport. From there, the Holy Father traveled to his sum-
Pope Benedict commented. Picking up on the theme of mer residence at Castel Gandolfo. (CNA)

Catholic journalists being First Asian congress on

promoting the liturgy begins
hunted by Vietnamese police in Sri Lanka
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Septem-
With tensions simmering between the police and the Catholic ber 15, 2008—”Liturgy as a
protestors, the government has spent the better part of the past Glimpse of Heaven on Earth” is
month using its influence in the state media to spread false accu- the theme of the first liturgical
sations, defame parishioners, their priests, and the Church as a congress that will take place in
whole. Asia, in Sri Lanka. The meeting
False priests and people who aren’t even Catholics have also will be held from tomorrow un-
been trotted out for TV interviews, radio, and newspapers. til September 21 in
The police have even gone so far as to physically attack some of Uswatakeiyawa, a coastal city
the protestors, local sources report. about 30 kilometers from the
Realizing that their efforts to distort the Catholic protests are capital of Colombo.
not succeeding when it comes to international news outlets, such Organized by the Congrega-
as CNA, the Vietnamese police have made internet reporting a tion for Divine Worship and Dis-
crime and have organized a manhunt for Catholic reporters. cipline of Sacraments, the con-
One source informed CNA that plain-clothed police are hunt- gress is expected to include 55 del-
ing for Catholic reporters who have corresponded with media egates from 19 Asian countries,
outlets regarding developments of the protests. including cardinals, bishops, and Archbishop Malcolm Ranjith, secretary gen-
One Catholic reporter, who asked to remain anonymous out of priests. The participants will hold eral of Congregation for Divine Worship
fear of being discovered, related a recent incident. “I was about to meetings, group discussions, and and Discipline of Sacraments
send an email, when police swamped in. The person next to me working sessions. Council has several aims in view:
had his browsing history inspected. He was even forced to log Each country will present a re- it desires to impart an ever in-
into his Gmail account for a ‘security inspection’.” port from its own national commis- creasing vigor to the Christian
HANOI, Vietnam, September 11, 2008—Thousands of Catholics in The Vietnamese government is closely monitoring reports of sion on the liturgy, and the del- life of the faithful; to adapt more
Hanoi are continuing their peaceful protests asking for the return Catholic outlets on the protests. “You are in serious trouble should egates will attend parish Masses and suitably to the needs of our own
of their land illegally seized by the Vietnamese government. Wor- your browsing history include Asia-News, Catholic News Agency, meet the faithful of Sri Lanka. The times those institutions which are
ried about the international exposure of their tactics, the police Catholic World News, Independent Catholic News, VietCatholic meeting will be presided over by subject to change; to foster what-
are engaging in a campaign against journalists and foreign media. News, Zenit... just to say a few names,” the source warned. (CNA) Nigerian cardinal Francis Arinze, ever can promote union among
prefect of the congregation, to- all who believe in Christ; to

Benedict XVI honors late cardinal who

gether with the secretary general, strengthen whatever can help to
Archbishop Malcolm Ranjith, a na- call the whole of mankind into
tive of the diocese of Kurunegala in the household of the Church. The
Sri Lanka. The archbishop of Co- Council therefore sees particu-

stood before firing squad during WWII

lombo, Oswald Gomis, will deliver larly cogent reasons for under-
the opening address tomorrow. taking the reform and promotion
At a press conference, Arch- of the liturgy.”
bishop Ranjith explained that The liturgical congress (the
VATICAN CITY, September 11, 2008—A car- saving those destined for deportation. For toral visits.” “the celebration of the liturgy be- second of its kind, after the one
dinal who assisted those sentenced to be de- this he was arrested and condemned to be He was elevated to the College of Cardi- comes true living out of our faith. held in Ghana in Africa) will con-
ported during World War II died Septem- shot, but the order was reversed as he stood nals in 1985. Liturgy is the key for any church clude in the morning of Septem-
ber 6 at the age of 93. Yesterday, Benedict before of the firing squad,” Benedict XVI re- Cardinal Innocenti held the following po- renewal. What you celebrate is ber 21 with a solemn Mass pre-
XVI spoke of Cardinal Anthony Innocenti’s called. sitions at the Vatican: prefect of the Congre- what you believe—’lex orandi, lex sided over by Cardinal Arinze at
life in a homily at the Vatican Basilica. After the war, the cardinal served the gation for the Clergy, president of the Pon- credendi’ and what we believe de- the Santa Lucia cathedral in
The Holy Father began his homily on Church in Rome. He was “appointed as pon- tifical Commission for the Cultural Patri- pends on how we will live—’lex Kotahena, Colombo. “We hope,”
Wednesday morning by sharing the details tifical representative to Paraguay” and was mony of the Church and of the Pontifical orandi, lex credendi, lex vivendi. ‘“ Archbishop Ranjith says, “that
of the Italian cardinal’s life. ordained a bishop in 1968. Later, he was Commission “Ecclesia Dei.” “The Constitution on the Sacred these liturgy conventions in dif-
After his priestly ordination in 1938, Car- appointed to serve in Rome and assumed Referring to Cardinal Innocenti’s episco- Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium ferent regions and continents
dinal Innocenti taught at the diocesan semi- “the role of secretary of the Congregation pal motto, “Lucem spero fide,” Pope Benedict gives us the guidelines to the cel- will become a source of closer
nary. During World War II, he accompanied for the Sacraments and Divine Worship. concluded his homily by expressing the de- ebration of sacred liturgy. In the communication and dialogue
his bishop on pastoral visits. “In that dra- Later, in 1980, he was sent as apostolic nun- sire that “faith and hope may give way to introduction of the ‘Sacrosanctum between the Holy Father and the
matic period he stood out for his selfless- cio to Spain where he twice welcomed my the greatest of all truths, the charity which Concilium’ it says ‘This sacred continents.” (AsiaNews)
ness and generosity in helping people and venerated predecessor John Paul II on pas- will never end.” (CNA)

Islamic leader: it is permissible

Pontiff denies claim 1962 missal is a regression to kill the owners of ‘immoral’
Calls liturgy a living, developing reality television channels
RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, September 13, 2008—If satellite television chan-
nels broadcast “immoral” programs, it is “permissible to kill” their
EN ROUTE TO PARIS, September 12, 2008—An allowance for the and the lay state. owners and editors, because they are violating the rigid norms on
celebration of Mass according to the 1962 Missal is in no way a return “It seems evident to me that laicism is not in contradiction with the customs and morality established by Islam. This is affirmed by the
to the past, but rather an expression of pastoral concern, says Benedict faith,” the Pontiff said. “I would even say that it is a fruit of the faith, sheikh Salih Ibn al-Luhaydan, the most authoritative judge on the
XVI. since the Christian faith was, from the beginning, a universal reli- Saudi court, according to whom certain “diabolical” entertainment
The Pope affirmed this today en route to France; he gave a brief gion and therefore, did not identify itself with a state but was present programs can foster “debauchery” among their viewers.
press conference on the plane, answering four questions previously in all states. With the spread of satellite television channels, the Arab world has
submitted by the journalists selected to be in the press corps accom- “Politics, the state, were not a religion, but a profane reality with a seen a rapid increase in broadcasters capable of transmitting their
panying the Holy Father. specific mission, and both should be mutually open.” signals to the entire region of the Middle East, where there are watched
The Pontiff said it is “groundless” to fear that “Summorum Another question gave Benedict XVI the chance to confess his love by millions of Muslims each day. For this reason, religious leaders are
Pontificum”—which opened the way for a wider celebration of the for France: “I love France, the great French culture, and above all, carefully following the popularity of the programs, and are evaluat-
Mass according to the 1962 Missal—is a regression. clearly, the great cathedrals, as well as the great French art, great ing them carefully in regard to the values of Islam.
“This ‘motu proprio’ is simply an act of tolerance, with a pastoral theology.” The sheik expressed the fatwa in response to a question from a
objective, for people who have been formed in this liturgy, who love Lastly, the Pope spoke of the principal motive for his visit: the listener during a radio broadcast. In the Arab world, religious leaders
it, know it and want to live with this liturgy,” he said. “It is a small 150th anniversary of the apparitions of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes. frequently use radio, television, or websites to express views or judg-
group, given that it presupposes a formation in Latin, a formation in He noted that the liturgical feast of the visionary, St. Bernadette, is ments on the most disparate aspects of daily life. In this case, the lis-
a certain culture. But it seems to me a normal demand of faith and also his birthday. “For this reason, I feel very close to this little saint, tener was asking how appropriate it is to broadcast programs show-
pastoral concern for a bishop of our Church to have love and toler- this little child, pure, humble, who spoke with the Virgin,” he said. ing “scantily” dressed women during the holy month of Ramadan.
ance for these people and permit them to live with this liturgy.” “To encounter this reality, this presence of the Virgin in our era, to Salih Ibn al-Luhaydan’s blunt and disturbing reply was that “some
“There is no opposition whatsoever between the liturgy renewed see the footsteps of this little youth who was a friend of the Virgin, broadcasts are diabolical”, and the owners are just as “guilty” as those
by the Second Vatican Council and this liturgy,” Benedict XVI contin- and on the other hand, to encounter the Virgin, her mother, is on the who watch this trash TV. He also added that “it is permissible to kill”
ued. “Each day, the Council fathers celebrated Mass according to this other hand a very important event for me. if there are no other means or punishments to stop this “devilry”.
old rite and, at the same time, have conceived a natural development “Naturally, we’re not going to find miracles. I am going to en- Already in the past, the 79-year-old religious leader had drawn at-
for the liturgy in all of this century, since the liturgy is a living reality counter the love of the Mother, which is the true healing for all tention with his “sentences”, including his favorable view of the Sau-
that develops and that conserves its identity in its development.” sorrows and to be in solidarity with those who suffer, in the love of dis who want to join the Islamic fundamentalists in their fight against
“Therefore, there are certainly distinct accents, but a fundamental the Mother.” the Americans in Iraq. This new fatwa could even strike the Saudi
identity that excludes a contradiction, an opposition between the Upon his arrival to Paris, Benedict XVI was greeted by the pealing royal family: one of the most popular Arab television channels is
renewed liturgy and the preceding liturgy,” the Pope affirmed. “I of the bells of the churches. A smiling President Nicolas Sarkozy Rotana, which broadcasts music films and videos and is owned by
think that there is the possibility of mutual enrichment. It’s clear that received him at the airport, introducing the Pope to members of his Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal.
the renewed liturgy is the ordinary liturgy of our times.” family; the two also exchanged gifts. The Saudi billionaire was recently named the 13th richest man in the
This was followed by the Pope’s address in the Elysee’s great hall world by Forbes, and the programs broadcast on his television chan-
Encountering the Mother of celebrations to members of the government, parliamentarians nel are not always in line with the rigid and austere style imposed by
Previously, the Holy Father answered a question about secularism and bishops. (Zenit) Islamic precepts. (AsiaNews)
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 News Features A3

Filipino seafarers prone to

exploitation, says CBCP officials
FILIPINO seafarers are prone to exploitation not only abroad but He added they extend allowances and stipends during their aca- Zamora said of the many applicants who see him at his office very
even within domestic shipping companies. This was one of the rev- demic and apprenticeship along with cash incentives should they few are taken in. “Of almost a hundred applicants, you’d be lucky to
elations made during a news/public affairs program Veritas Metro excel during their formal training. find one or two good applicants,” he added.
last September 13 in preparation for the 13th National Seafarers Day Captain Michael Cuanzon, a former consultant of CHED and PRC “Exploitation is not only happening abroad because it also hap-
scheduled on Sunday, September 28. on maritime education said while there are many training facilities pens in the Philippines,” Zamora added.
Fr. Edwin Corros, executive secretary of the CBCP’s Episcopal Com- and maritime schools in the Philippines, most have instructors who Both Captains Zamora and Cuanzon said Filipino seafarers ought
mission on Migrant and Itinerant People said government statistics lack the proper credentials to teach sensitive subjects. to be aware of their rights so as not to be subjected to exploitation by
revealed 1,077,623 Filipinos left for overseas work last year. He said “There are even schools and potential employers who require unscrupulous employers. Both attested Norwegians have been the
migration only proves the country faces economic difficulties. managerial training from fresh graduates which are all unnecessary,” best partners to Filipinos in inter-ocean tankers and cargo ships.
“One would not leave the comfort of his home to work abroad if Cuanzon said. He added should the government fail to address these Fr. Corros said the Catholic Church is aware of the problems faced
there are jobs with decent wages in the country,” Fr. Corros said. concerns other countries may slip past the country as the world’s top by migrants.
Veteran seafarer Capt. Remigio Zamora said his Norwegian part- supplier of highly-qualified seafarers. “The recent consultation on migration held in Manila last month
ners have remained optimistic Filipino nautical and marine engi- Cuanzon, who started working as seafarer since 1949 said today’s was attended by 18 Catholic bishops’ conferences in Asia because the
neering graduates would continue to man their ships, mostly inter- maritime schools could not provide facilities for apprenticeship and church recognizes it as the region’s most important issue,” he added.
ocean chemical tankers. maritime cadets have to pay just to be accommodated in the country’s Fr. Corros called on the Catholic faithful to join this year’s 13th
“They have launched scholarship programs to get the best among shipping companies which include Sulpicio Lines, Super Ferry among National Seafarers Day at the Quirino Grandstand, Luneta on Sun-
high school seniors for college education at Daniel B. Lacson Mari- others. day, September 28 from 8:00 -10:00 a.m. for the Memorial Service at
time College in Bacolod City where college students have no other He added there are 9,000 graduates yearly from the country’s mari- Manila Bay and the traditional parade, Eucharistic celebration and
obligation but to study well,” Zamora said. time schools but not all can find jobs because of stiff competition. awarding ceremonies set to begin at 2 p.m. (Melo M. Acuña)

Reproductive Health Bill to Church matches

ruin people’s health, warns condom ads with
Archbishop Cruz
THE controversial Reproductive bill. This is apparently because the government disregard pub- country come in hideous form.
pro-life DVDs
Health Bill 5043 will ruin the such approval will see for them- lic morals, then the families and “This is why fetuses are disturb-
health of the people, said selves a brisk sale of their prod- country are in big trouble respec- ingly found here and there, some
Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop ucts, a joyful raking in of prof- tively. This is the standing les- of them shamefully thrown at
Oscar Cruz. its,” Cruz, a professor of Canon son of history.” garbage dumps or simply left be-
“The bill will lead to the imple- Law said. The bill promotes use of con- hind in different unlikely places.”
mentation of an immoral It is rather hard to ascertain that traceptives that are contrary to The bill entitled, “An Act pro-
policy—a proposed synthetic ar- big corporations really consider Catholic Church’s teaching. viding for a National Policy on
tificial contraceptives eventually the welfare of the poor. “Neither Church authorities across the na- Reproductive Health, Respon-
designed to ruin health as it are they really motivated by tion are spearheading advocacy sible Parenthood and Population
slants the idea of responsible par- their desire to promote national movement against the passage of Development, and for other Pur-
enthood to issues of depopula- development, nor are they fun- the bill. According to them, the poses,” is intrinsically harmful to
tion, which proponents claim damentally concerned with the bill that allows contraceptives life, family and society, Cruz said
will result to progress among un- health of people. Instead, it is will necessarily entails abortion. earlier.
derdeveloped countries like ‘business as usual’ which at times “Contraception and abortion The bill that claims to control
ours,” he said in his blog http:// can be gross and cruel,” he said. are intimate partners to the ex- population is a myth, the prelate The bill is immoral, he stressed tent of being twins at times—not- said. “But no matter how ‘safe’ or
Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales watches a video entitled S.A.F.E.
The lawmakers are to start the saying, “No human act, no legis- withstanding all convictions, ‘protective’ artificial contracep- Aboard: Subtle Attacks against the Family Explained, produced by the Ministry for
plenary debates next week with lative bill, no executive function, pretensions and arguments to the tive drugs and devises are adver- Family and Life of the Archdiocese of Manila.
Albay Representative Edcel no judicial work is over and contrary,” Cruz warned. tised, everything is altogether
Lagman, the bill’s principal au- above morality. Morality is nei- “What is the use of mandating false nor reasonable,” Cruz ADVERTISEMENTS promoting artificial family planning has
thor and sponsor supported by ther irrelevant in politics, not in- a contraception bill when abor- stressed. found a match from its major opponent, the Roman Catholic
others. different in a secular society. Ir- tion is already prevalent? Can the The Church also plans to gather Church.
“The multi-national companies respective of the race, color and pro-contraception bill actually a million signatures against the The Archdiocese of Manila’s Ministry for Family and Life has
manufacturing contraceptive creed of those concerned, the eradicate abortion?” he asked. reproductive health bill and produced a digital video disc (DVD) aimed at raising awareness
drugs and devices must be look- moment individuals fool around He said that it is a matter of present them to Congress. about issues affecting family and life.
ing forward to the passage of the with private morals, the moment bemoaned fact abortions in the (Santosh Digal) The seven DVD series, entitled S.A.F.E Aboard: Attacks against
the Family and Explained, is part of the Church’s effort to sup-
port the family amidst the “challenges of the modern times.”
Clergy urged to take cue from St. Paul’s The DVD sets tackle issues about demography; New Age
sprituality; sex education; the “truth and meaning of human sexu-
ality”; violence and pornography in the mass media; the Gospel
life as paradigm for priesthood of Life; and marriage and family in God’s Plan.
Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales said all the
said topics were discussed by professionals and experts in their
ON the occasion of the Pauline Year of St. Paul, the Apostle, Rome- Sedes Sapientiae International Seminary and study at the Pontifical respective fields.
based international seminary Rector addressed priests from five semi- University of the Holy Cross in Rome. All those, he said, were conceptualized to help families be-
naries to follow the conversion of St. Paul as a paradigm in priestly The Pontifical University of the Holy Cross is an institution set up come “a visible sign of truth and love and recognize the values
life. by the Holy See. It was started in 1984 by Opus Dei, with the aim of which are written in human nature itself and are therefore com-
Pope Benedict XVII declared June 28, 2008-June 29, 2009, the Year of offering the universal Church an effective instrument for formation mon to all humanity.”
St. Paul the Apostle to mark bi-millennium of the birth of St. Paul. and research. It was born in the heart Rome and is open to priests, “These are principles not derived from a particular confession
“We have just concluded a two-week long visit of Monsignor seminarians, religious and lay people, both men and women, from of faith alone but from the application of a truth respectful of the
Pedro Huidobro, the former Rector of the Sedes Sapientiae Interna- dioceses all over the world. rights of each human being,” said Rosales.
tional Seminary (Seat of Wisdom), Rome, in the various seminaries The University offers an ongoing formation both to its academic “May I highly recommend that each family, diocese, parish
in the Philippines (San Pablo, Tarlac, Palo, Sorsogon, and Lipa) staff to students, with a particular focus on topics of current interest. priest, seminary, catechist, schools, religious men and women,
where graduates of that international seminary are now working,” The ratio of academic staff to students in one to nine. Most of the worker in the family life ministry and indeed any searching
Opus Dei Fr. Mickey Cardenas, director of Theological Centrum, members of the academic staff hold degrees from both secular and individual be equipped with this indispensable catechetical tool,”
told CBCP News. ecclesiastical universities. he added.
Monsignor Huidobro gave conferences taking off from St. Paul The University grants a degree in Sacred Theology specializing in The DVD sets were launched on Monday at the height of the
and his experience of conversion as a paradigm of the response of a Dogmatic Theology, Moral Theology, Spiritual Theology, History intensifying debate against a pending reproductive health bill
seminarian to the Lord’s calling and the important role of conver- of the Church, Liturgical Theology or Biblical Theology. that pushes artificial contraception to control population growth.
sion in the response to the vocation and the fidelity of the priest, said Priest scholars, on the other hand, may stay in one of these resi- The educational materials cost P1,500 each and can be ordered
Fr. Mickey. dences: Collegio Ecclesiastico Internazionale Tiberinum—Torre Rosa, through email at . (Roy
Seminarians from various dioceses of the Philippines stay at the Mater Christi and Pontificio Collegio Filippino. (CBCPNews) Lagarde)

CBCP, PBS to make low-cost bibles available to poor families

A NATIONWIDE biblical cam- the Philippines (CBCP) and the munity all over the country lical endeavor. CBCP President and Jaro Arch- A launching Mass to be pre-
paign may yet put a copy of the Philippine Bible Society (PBS) through the bible project. In a letter sent to ECBA Cardi- bishop Angel Lagdameo has also sided by Papal Nuncio Edward
bible in the home of every Fili- with the involvement of other The “May They Be One” cam- nal Kasper noted that the com- endorsed the campaign saying Joseph Adams with other bish-
pino family. churches will make available paign highlights unity, “since mon undertaking of the Catholic that the endeavor will give a push ops will be held at the Metropoli-
Dubbed “May They Be One”, low-cost or free bibles to ordi- unity is vital for making the Church and the PBS already mir- to Pope Benedict’s call “to a tan Cathedral on September 30
the campaign is a five-year na- nary people, especially poor Word of God accessible, under- rors a sign of oneness among Fili- greater love for, and interaction to jumpstart the campaign.
tionwide undertaking meant to families. standable, respected and lived.” pino Christians. with, the Sacred Scriptures.” Meanwhile, Manila Archbishop
encourage Filipinos to read and Inspired by the upcoming Gen- The campaign slogan, also a “It also reflects the trust and The project aims to raise funds Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales has
live the Scriptures that would ef- eral Assembly of the Synod of take from John 17:21 is an invita- common effort to promote to- to make 5 million bibles acces- sent a directive to all parish
fect transformation in the lives of Bishops on the Word of God in tion for everyone to live in unity gether the values of the Gospel, sible to Filipino families at a sub- priests and Religious men and
the faithful and the country in Rome this October which carries so vital in achieving national and to be guided by the unifying sidized price of P50 each over a women of the archdiocese urg-
general. the theme “The Word of God in transformation. power of the Sacred Scripture and five-year period. ing all to participate in the
The drive being spearheaded the Life and Mission of the Cardinal Walter Kasper, Presi- indeed by the very words of The ECBA-endorsed Basic launching mass which will be
by the Episcopal Commission for Church”, both ECBA and PBS are dent of the Pontifical Council for Christ himself that all his dis- Ecclesial Community Bible preceded by an Ecumenical
Biblical Apostolate (ECBA) of the grabbing the chance to put Bibles Promoting Christian Unity has ciples ‘may be one’” (Jn 17:21) he (BEC) is currently sold at P165 prayer meeting. (Pinky
Catholic Bishops’ Conference of in every home, parish and com- voiced out his support for the bib- said. per copy. Barrientos, FSP)
CBCP Monitor
A4 Opinion Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008


Christianizing economics
THE Knights of Columbus Fraternal Association of the
Philippines (KCFAPI) celebrated its 50th anniversary last
September 13. A mutual benefit association, it was
established in 1958 to serve primarily its members through
an exclusive insurance system that has grown from a
thirty-thousand-peso start-up to a multibillion-peso
enterprise that it is today.
A Jesuit priest, Fr. George J. Willmann, started this
with the intention of concretizing the social teachings of
the Church right from one of the most volatile segment of
the temporal order—the business community. Aside from
the institution of an insurance system, he also inspired the
founding of some 200 or so credit cooperatives in the 60s
Armed with Christian principles, KCFAPI has expanded
itself to even owning and operating banks, life and non-life
insurance companies, real estate ventures, among others.
Along the way, it has graduated over a hundred priests
scholars, a hundred more career professionals, various
charitable work, relief and rehabilitation programs to
calamity victims, and housing for the poor, to name but a
But Christianizing economics has been one of its
trademarks. KCFAPI has retroactively and progressively
heeded the call of the Pastoral Exhortation on Philippine
Economy issued by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of
the Philippines (CBCP) in 1998, which states: “While the
entire Church (clergy, religious, and laity) has the mission
to renew every aspect of human life in accordance with
the Gospel, it is the specific vocation of lay people to
renew the temporal order, including economics. Hence
they have to renew economic life with the values of the
Gospel and of the Kingdom of God, which are authentically
human values, such as integrity, justice, equity, service,
preferential option for the poor, responsible stewardship. Oscar V. Cruz, DD
“They fulfill their vocation best by assuming a prophetic
role in word and deed. In word, for example by encouraging
business leaders to adhere to the principles that truly Views and Points Essential medicine
promote the economic good of all (such as those that we
have explained above); in deed, by faithfully practicing in
their own business life those same principles, courageously “HORMONAL contraceptives, intrauterine de- its authors and proponents call their oppo- come no less than “essential medicines,”
resisting the pressures of an unbalanced economic structure vices, injectables and other reproductive health nents nothing more than a bunch of liars, an would there be also “essential medicines,”
to succumb to its evil demands.” products and supplies shall be considered under ignoramus breed. to cure the cancer, tumor and other sicknesses
the category of essential medicines and supplies In reality, however, there is something contraceptive drugs and devices cause espe-
Surprisingly, however, Christianizing the social or temporal which shall form part of the National Drug Formu- downright misleading if not exceptionally cially in women who are the standard tar-
order is not popular among the popularly religious. lary and the same shall be included in the pur- sinister in the Bill that qualifies hormonal gets as well as usual victims of artificial con-
chase of essential medicines and supplies of all na- contraceptives, intrauterine devices, traception?
tional and local hospitals and other government injectibles and other similar items as noth- Since depopulation is the honest to good-
The evils of rampant gambling health units.”
Thus says the “Reproductive Health Bill,”
ing less than “essential medicines.” The fol-
lowing more relevant observations are in
ness basic intention and ultimate finality of
the Bill, here is a list of unsolicited advice its
which in truth exactly means the opposite conjunction with such an exalted qualifying authors and proponents might want to con-
THE moral evil of such large-scale, systematic gambling of the proposed legislation that is categori- attribution of contraceptive drugs and de- sider instead:
is not simply because it is illegal. It is truly immoral under cally against human reproduction. The right vices: See to it there is less and less rice in the
the circumstances that it operates and in the evil effects and truthful title of the pursued law should First, since when have contraceptives be- market.
that it has spawned. be simply “Depopulation Bill,” instead of come “medicine”? Medical products are Urge manufacturers to continue raising the
the long winded title of “An Act Providing meant to cure a sickness. Since when is con- prices of their products and at the same time,
Today, gambling is, indeed, a social cancer, gradually and for a National Policy on Reproductive traception categorized as a sickness that counter all moves to raise salaries and wages.
surely destroying a great many of our positive social and Health, Responsible Parenthood and Popu- should be prevented or cured? Make sure that honest to goodness essen-
moral values. It is a social scourge that is debilitating even lation development, and for other Pur- Second, since when have contraceptives tial medicines are either not available or too
our moral sense, our ability to distinguish right from poses.” become “essential”? Something is essential costly to buy.
wrong. It is deeply infecting us as a people. If the Bill were only true to what its if without it, nothing is even possible. This Apparently, the over-all result of all these
kilometric titles says, then alone and by it- would mean that without contraceptives, moves would be more deaths and less popu-
Rampant gambling, particularly in its form of jueteng, has self, the Bill would be enough to make the health would be impossible, sickness and lation—even without legalizing contracep-
become a way of life for many. People no longer care or Philippines a paradise and the Filipinos a death would be inevitable! tion, which can even waste billions of
dare to condemn it because: (a) no effective action blissful people. It is interesting to note that And finally, since contraceptives could be- people’s hard-earned money.
against gambling has ever been taken by our political and
police authorities, except through some token occasional
raids against small-time gambling operators; and (b) very Bp. Guillermo V. Afable, DD
powerful people operate gambling.
Pastoral Letter for
Yet, if we still have a modicum of moral sense, we have
to be appalled by the callousness of big-time gambling
operators, by the blatant openness with which they conduct
DADITAMA Vocation Month
their illegal operations, and by the shockingly huge amounts
of money that are involved. THE month of September is vocation month for the Archdiocese of munities and organizations, to have a special appreciation for Voca-
Davao and the Diocese of Digos. Allow me to share through this tions in the Church. The organization and animation of the parish
The truth is: The victims of gambling are the many column my pastoral letter on this occasion: vocation apostolate, the vocation clubs among the youth and chil-
thousands of credulous and generally poor people who My dear brothers priests, consecrated persons, and the lay faithful. dren must be a special concern and priority for all of you. With these
risk their hard earned incomes to face odds that are Peace be with you! vocation groups, we will form a broad network of prayer and sup-
heavily stacked against them. The situation is even Vocation Month port for vocations.
aggravated, according to popular belief, by the manipulation 1. The whole Church considers the pastoral work of promoting The late Pope John Paul II, in Pastores Dabo Vobis, says, “There is an
of winning numbers—a likely possibility, given the secrecy vocations as one of her vital ministries. During the month of Sep- urgent need, especially nowadays, for a more widespread and deeply
with which winning numbers are often determined. tember, it is customary for us here in the Diocese of Digos to high- felt conviction that all the members of the Church, without excep-
light the Pastoral Care of Vocations. We usually launch it the last tion, have the grace and responsibility to look after vocations.” (PDV,
The whole racket constitutes a systematic fleecing of the Sunday before September which falls this year on August 31, 2008. 41). Indeed, there is this urgency because of the continuing scarcity of
poor. Whether the victims are willing or not, the end result May I invite all of you to organize something together to launch priests and religious which create the most serious problem for the
is the same—objective exploitation of the poor by the this very important month-long celebration. I strongly suggest that faithful who are left without sufficient pastoral care that they de-
powerful. As in our economic system in general, so in you engage our youth and the children of your Parish, the School and serve in order to grow as mature Christians in the true Faith.
jueteng: the rich, powerful and apparently untouchable the small Christian communities, and your family so that they be-
operators get richer while thousands of poor bettors get come active subjects of this month long celebration. Our very own Pre-College Seminary
poorer. A situation which recalls the social evil condemned For the theme of this year’s celebration of vocation month, let us 4. The construction of a pre-college seminary is now being under-
by the prophet Amos: “They trample the heads of the continue to reflect on the theme of the 45th World Day of Prayer for taken. The late Bishop Generoso Camiña, PME was the initiator of
weak into the dust of the earth and they force the lowly out Vocations proposed last April by Pope Benedict XVI – “Vocations at this project and he himself had given its name—John Paul II Semi-
of the way” (Am. 2:7). the service of the Church on Mission.” nary. Last April 13, 2008 we had the groundbreaking rite of the con-
struction of this seminary.
Gambling / A7 Remember, be thankful and shine Spearheaded by an ad-hoc fundraising committee, we are now
2. The celebration of the vocation month is a special time for me to undertaking the raising of funds for this project. Different Church
remember all of you brother Priests, the Deacons and the Conse- groups, such as the Knights of Columbus, the CWL, the BCBP,
crated Persons, with joy and thanksgiving, for the witness of your Focolare, and DICLA, DMI have already undertaken some activities
ISSN 1908-2940 selfless love and dedication to the Mission entrusted to us all through as their participation. I have no doubt that soon the Parishes, GKKs
the Church and the particular ecclesial communities we belong to. and Catholic Schools will also find other ways and means to contrib-

CBCP Monitor
P r o ta g o n i s t of Tr u t h , Promoter of Peace
Vocation month is for you and me a special time to celebrate and
take pride in the awesome gift of the vocation to the priesthood and
the consecrated life. We are all beneficiaries of a special divine predi-
lection. Precisely because we are earthen vessels, let us continue to
be awed by the tremendous grace upon grace we all continue to
ute to this shared responsibility.

Vocation Ministry in the GKK (BEC)

5. It is not a surprise that many, if not all, of our priests and conse-
crated persons have the roots of their vocation during their initiation
Pedro C. Quitorio receive from the Father in Heaven. to Christian life in, with and through their GKK. I congratulate and
Editor-in-Chief During this month, we, priests and consecrated persons in this give thanks to these many GKKs who have sons and daughters in the
local Church, realize and rededicate ourselves to the pursuit of holi- priesthood and consecrated life. Your Christian community has en-
Pinky Barrientos, FSP Kris P. Bayos ness so that we become for all to behold, a “light of the world” and gendered these vocations. But do not stop when they finish their
Associate Editor Feature Editor a “salt of the earth.”. Let us consciously and intentionally pursue to initial formation. I ask you to carry on caring for and supporting
live and minister individually and collectively with integrity, trans- these vocations spiritually and materially.
Melo M. Acuña Rosalynn Garcia parency and accountability to God and the Church. Such a life wit- Every Sunday and Solemnities, when the GKK gather to celebrate
Managing Editor Marketing Supervisor ness cannot but edify and impress those whom God is calling. Let our the Word in the absence of the Priest, you always express in prayer
Dennis B. Dayao light shine. your hunger and longing for the Eucharist as the fitting way to
Ernani M. Ramos

On-Line Editor Circulation Manager May you, our dear Seminarians and those in various stages of celebrate Sunday. You also express your longing for the Priest to
formation in the consecrated life, be ever faithful to your calling in come so that together with Him you may celebrate the Eucharist.
Roy Q. Lagarde Marcelita Dominguez the Church. Devote yourselves wholeheartedly to your initial for- Yes! You need the Eucharist and the Priest to preside over the cel-
News Editor Comptroller mation towards personal transformation and integration. May you ebration. Therefore, you must, make it your special duty to fervently
always remember with joy all those who sacrifice for you materially pray for vocations to the priesthood.
The CBCP Monitor is published fortnightly by the CBCP and spiritually – your families, formators, benefactors and Christian From now on, therefore, each time you come together for the Sun-
Communications Development Foundation, Inc., with
editorial and business of fices at 470 Gen. Luna St., communities and friends. day Celebration of the Word, you must pray together the Prayer for
Intramuros, Manila. P.O. Box 3601, 1076 MCPO. Vocations as an obligatory prayer.
Editorial: (063) 404-2182. Business: (063)404-1612. Parishes and Catholic Schools
Email: 3. The Vocation Ministry is a special service the Parish Priests and We thank the parents
Website: Catholic School Administrators share with me in the local church. To 6. Together with the special calling of your sons and daughters to
you is entrusted to organize, and form and animate, your own com- Daditama / A6
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008
Opinion A5
Sr. Mary Pilar Verzosa, RGS
Urgently needed: Rev. Euly B. Belizar, SThD

Love Life persons with a passion By the Roadside

for life
IN our mission to save mothers and babies modern eye and out of touch with the times, “Zeal” according to St. Thomas Aquinas,
from abortion, to refute the myth of over-
population by the pro-contraception and ster-
ilization groups, and to promote responsible
that we are not practical, that we do not see
the poverty of our people because they have
too many children, and because we acknowl-
“is a necessary effect of love”. And it is love
to which we are called. And it is with love
that we persistently lobby in Congress to
The Seven Capital
use of sexuality, we are often referred to as
edge the truth that abortion, contraception,
and euthanasia are evil and a violation of the
ensure that the so-called Reproductive Health
Bills will not be approved—spending our af- Sins in the life of the
The criticism could be intimidating to pro- laws of God. ternoons from 4 to 8 p.m. in the Plenary Hall
lifers who want to be known for their open-
ness and compassion and do not want to ap-
In answer to our critique’s bias – very of-
ten published in broadsheet newspapers or
of the House of Representatives, giving our
support to the pro-life oriented representa-
Church and society
pear as irrational zealots. But if we, pro- discussed in television paid talk shows, we tives, going from one congressman’s office
lifers, are aiming to imitate the example of must remember two things. First, it is not to another to provide them with informa-
I WAS reading an article whose author remarked that in the
Jesus, then we know that such accusations bad to be “extreme”. We appreciate people tion on the evils of contraception and steril-
sound very much what Jesus heard in the who are extremely skilled or virtuous, con- ization, as well the agenda of the population word ‘sin’, the letter ‘I’ is in the middle and that in itself is
very telling of what sin’s nature is, namely, the rule of the
cross before he died. What then do we have sistent and totally there. So if I am extremely controllers.
to fear? pro-life, God must be pleased, right? So if you have a passion for life, join us in ‘ego’ or the ‘self’ in our lives.. Touché, I said to myself.
Who’s to dispute that? Who’s to doubt that, indeed, sin is
Passion is an intense desire to give gener- Secondly, passion does not mean irratio- whatever way you can to save our country
ously no matter what the cost. This kind of nality. Our critics are equally “fanatical” in from the devastating effects of abortion, con- making myself my own center instead of God and of his
will. It struck me how we rarely look at sin that way and
zeal gives us energy and courage to take our their own stand – using whatever means they traception, sterilization and the population
stand. Pro-abortion, pro-contraception and can get and pouring in millions of pesos/ control culture of death. yet how true. We follow what we want, what we will and in
the process end up shortchanging ourselves because, blind
pro-population control groups know that if dollars to accomplish their goals and pro- Call the Pro-life office at 911-2911/ 422-8877 to
they can convince us that we are “wrong” to grams – usually population control, contra- refer people who need counseling, to invite speak- that we are, we end up falling into the ditch of self-glorifi-
cation that, in turn, makes us self-destruct. St. Augustine
be enthusiastic about our cause, that we are ceptive imperialism, and a continuing rape ers for pro-life talks, or to get pro-life materials.
just “fanatics”, they would have defeated us. of our natural resources for the use of rich Our Fax is 421-7147, and once distinguished two kinds of love: first, the love of God
to the point of disregarding self; and, second, love of self to
As pro-lifers we are seen as strange to the countries. our website:
the point of disregarding God. The first produces saints;
the second produces sin and sinners out of us.
Jose B. Lugay But first, we must call a spade a spade. I mean, sin is sin

The Laiko Week and that’s how we must call it and not something else. I
totally agree with Pope John Paul II who once said: “There

celebration Laiko Lampstand is only one thing more dangerous than sin—the murder of
a man’s sense of sin.” The mood of the times is expressed by
Anthony Mastroem when he wrote: “No one steals
anymore…they simply lift something. No one lies
THE Laiko brochure recently distributed to all parishes in Luzon, tional. It encourages us, the Bids and Awards Committee (BAC) anymore…they just misrepresent the facts. No one com-
Visayas and Mindanao has the catchy phrase printed in its back Observers, to redouble our efforts in following the guidelines of mits adultery anymore…they just fool around. No one kills
cover flap: ANG PAGBABAGO AY NASA KAMAY MO. This intro- the procurement law for the “prevention of corruption”. By our an unborn baby…they simply terminate a pregnancy.” What
duces the theme for the 2008 LAIKO WEEK celebration which reads: behavior and moral conviction as a disciple of Christ, we may in- are we actually doing, he asks. We do a “clever, if dishonest
“The Laity: Primary Agents of Change Towards Honesty and Integ- spire the rest of the BAC and Technical Working Group members of way, of candy-coating the reality of sin.” We might add
rity for Good Governance.” government institutions to do their jobs with honesty and integ- that no one says a law as “anti-life” anymore; they just call
Yearly, we celebrate the feast of our first Filipino saint, San Lorenzo rity. it “a Reproductive Health Bill”. Once I was aghast to hear
Ruiz which falls on September 28. Our first and only saint is a lay On the first day, September 29 will be the arrival of the one of the songs of the ever famous singer idolized even by
person. Isn’t it fit that San Lorenzo a martyr to our faith becomes participants from the Ecclesiastical Province of Jaro and the regis- our idols, Barbra Streisand, singing a song that said: “There
the laity’s model? Blessed Pedro Calungsod, another lay martyr is tration. The opening mass will be celebrated by Archbishop Angel are no mistakes, only lessons to learn…” That’s what our
also honored during the Laity Week Celebration. Bishop Reyes N. Lagdameo. While the fellowship gives the participants the op- world is saying about sin, in case we’re not listening. There
stresses that the Laity is called to holiness and the proof of this is portunity to know each other in the afternoon, the day closes with are no sins anymore, just ‘politically incorrect’ words.
our first consecrated saint and the upcoming one are lay persons. the Situationer presentation by the host, the Local Church in West- Second, contrary to obituary claims, the news of the de-
All dioceses in the Philippines are expected to hold activities ern Visayas. The second day opens with a Eucharistic mass to be mise of sin, in particular of the seven capital sins, is greatly
during the seven-day celebration. The objectives are a) to discuss celebrated by Bishop Guillermo Afable. The organizers saw it fit to exaggerated, to borrow an expression from Mark Twain.
the theme and its implications to Christian life, b) to give value to orient the participants on the papal encyclical, Christifidelis Laici that As a matter of fact, they represent very real things, and not
the lay vocation that brings about change in society through his life defines the role of the laity in the modern world. During the whole just abstract propositions, in our own personal and social
and love of Christ, c) for the laity to achieve through prayer and morning and part of the afternoon, the participants will hear direct lives. They can, in addition, be manifest in ordinary situa-
resolve, the practice of good governance with honesty and integ- from Governor Ed Panlilio of Pampanga who will share his first tions of daily living and beyond. What is eating and drink-
rity in his work in the secular world. hand experience of governance in a “jueteng-inculturated” prov- ing too much but gluttony? What is wanting to satisfy our
The celebration will start in the Diocese of Novaliches on Sep- ince. The sharing of Fr. Carmelo Diola of Dilaab Foundation, Cebu sexual appetites outside of moral or social mores through
tember 21 and the culmination will be a 3-day celebration in Iloilo and Fr. Albert Alejo, S.J., Davao, well known for his “EHEM”, ways and means that abound on our city streets and glori-
co-sponsored by the Ecclesiastical Province of Jaro. This will be “AHA” conscientization training modules, and the sharing of expe- fied in lewd shows but lust? What is wanting more and
the first time that the Sangguniang Laiko ng Pilipinas sponsors a riences in the bidding process by LAIKO Observers from Manila more money and profits by taking advantage of other
Laiko Week celebration outside Metro Manila. Thanks to Arch- and Western Visayas are intended to generate discussions since people’s needs during a crisis but greed? What is trying to
bishop Angel N. Lagdameo who accepted the invitation of Bishop most participants can relate the similarity of their experiences with kill a political or social enemy during or after an electoral
Gabriel Reyes, National Director of LAIKO, this will be the start these sharings. contest but being ruled by anger? What is feeling bad that
of working together to make a change in the governance of this The results of the small group discussions and the resolu- some guest or friend you know has more money or more
country. tions on that day will set the course of LAIKO’s future activities. properties than you do but envy? What is trying to be supe-
To us actively working as members of the Advocacy for Good Like Neil Armstrong’s remark, my wish is that this LAIKO Week rior to others in terms of wealth and power but pride? What
Governance under the Sangguniang Laiko ng Pilipinas, this move celebration will be “a small step for man but a giant leap for man- is the laziness to do one’s duties and responsibilities for
of Bishop Reyes to involve others outside Manila is highly motiva- kind”, that is, a giant step for good governance in the Philippines! God and neighbor but sloth? In the Church and society we
see so many of these manifestations as a matter of course.
So few are so rich while so many are so poor. Public funds
are stolen through graft and corruption. Sexual predators
Nicolo F. Bernardo can be found in people’s homes, in public or private offices,

The Orig 100% Pinoy sadly even in church premises, in the labyrinthine world of

the internet and even in cellular communications.
Third, there are things we can not and things we can do
about the seven capital sins. First, what can we not do?
None too obvious. We cannot overcome them—that is, solely
by our own efforts. We need God’s help. Which is what we
“AMIHAN gazed upon the bamboo reed lationships. Sure they have existed before Virgins or vamps? Jose Rizal was defen-
obtain from our generous God when we turn to him, in
planted by Bathala and she heard voices and will always. But whether they figure sive. In his Annotations to Morga, he made
humble faith, through prayer, the sacraments and gospel
coming from inside the bamboo. ‘Oh North into an original design and central ideal references to “religious annals of the early
living in our communities. Second, what can we do? Princi-
Wind! Please let us out!’ the voices said. that an entire culture has identified itself missions filled with countless instances
pally, the Church teaches us, by practicing—again with the
She pecked the reed once, then twice. All without tension or debate is unavailing (just where native maidens chose death than
help of God’s grace readily available through his Spirit act-
of a sudden, the bamboo cracked and slit like in Plato’s story of the origin of the sacrifice their chastity to the Spanish.”
ing in us—each sin’s corresponding virtue. For example, to
open. Out came two human beings: one three sexes). Even in the story of the “po- Perhaps Rizal’s version is closer to veri-
overcome lust we must practice chastity; to overcome glut-
was a male and the other was a female. lygamous” Patriarchs, the problem of fa- fication. We can survey our indigenous
tony we must practice temperance; to overcome sloth we
Amihan named the man ‘Malakas’ and the voritism among wives and sons crop up. communities whose cultural values remain
must practice diligence; to overcome greed we must prac-
Woman ‘Maganda.’” Again, one man for one woman. This intact. Their tribal taboos, premarital eti-
tice charity and generosity; to overcome envy we must prac-
This story, familiar to everyone as the model is obvious in our creation myths, quette, marriage arrangements, dowries,
tice kindness; to overcome anger we must practice patience;
Filipino version of Adam and Eve, is here and stories of god-men who settled to live long-term courtships, laborious
to overcome pride we must practice humility. Sounds like
quoted from the Supreme Court case of with one partner, multiply, and lived hap- paninilbihan systems, and even pre-ceremo-
‘Mission Impossible’ in today’s world, you say? Not when
Silverio v. Republic. In 2007, Rommel pily thereafter. So besides the Tagalog nial “love nests” (the Igorots’ ulog) are
we see it in the saints (those of yesterday and today) and
Silverio, a transsexual, was forbidden to Malakas and Maganda , we have the Visayan enough statement that sex must be con-
especially in Mama Mary, again Holy Mother Church points
change his sex identity to have a same-sex Sicalac and Sicavay, the Ifugao Uvigan and templated in the context of a faithful mar-
out to prove her point.
“marriage.” Bugan, the Bagobo Toglai and Toglibon, the riage and procreation.
Does Mama Mary play a role, at all, as we struggle to
Perhaps mindful of the principle of sepa- Ilocano Lam-Ang and Ines , etc. They tell of Since major parts of the Philippines be-
overcome these various manifestations of ‘enslavement’ we
ration of church and state, the ponente , Jus- how things were from the beginning, fore Spain had been part of the Muslim
experience due to sin? For non-Catholics this question could
tice Corona, did not only quote the Gen- which are still fact. For nothing can change Madjapahit empire, abortion must have
sound perplexing but it’s most natural for us Catholics who
esis story, but cited this pre-Hispanic ac- the fact that it only takes one man and one also been taboo. The fear of the
look up to the Mother of Jesus as our own Mother too (as
count for a local import of the ideal union woman to start a family—and make “a whole manananggal (half-bodied bat-like vam-
the witness of John the Evangelist in Jn 19:25-27 could prove
of a man and a woman . new world” of their own, so the Disney pire) who sucks babies from the wombs of
too hard to resist). I honestly admit that it’s so easy to just
If you will examine our early stories on song goes. their mothers and the tiyan-anak or tiyanak
parrot answers to this question by rote. But we must con-
romance and marriage, you may notice ar- The only exception may be the Bilaans (vengeful dead babies) could only speak
stantly remember Mama Mary is not God (doesn’t she in-
chetypal values —simplistically dismissed who tell of a god Melu who formed two of cultural mores against abortion and in-
sist she is just the Lord’s “lowly servant” and “handmaid”?)
now as “religious”—that are arguably men from his dead skin. They were first fanticide.
nor is she our Savior who alone can save us from sin (which
part of common human heritage. Scholas- alone in all earth. But here’s the point: they Polygamy was allowed but could be un-
is the role Jesus Christ her Son).
tics attribute these to “human nature,” eventually felt unhappy that Melu made common, at least in major parts of the coun-
And yet the love of Mama Mary so abounds that we can
while postmodernists talk of “the human women out of their hair and dry skin. try, according to 1605 chronicler Fr. Pedro
actually hold on to two powers of her love that she gener-
condition.” But whatever one may call Chirino. He denied polygamous practices
ously shares with us, the Scriptures being all Christians’
these, they point to shared human expecta- Rituals and Records in Manila, Mindoro, Marinduque, Panay,
common source of testimony. First the power of her ex-
tions, ideals, and aspirations that cross cul- While cultural stories are indicative of and other islands. Chirino wrote that he
ample. In Mary we see almost visibly the virtues of chas-
ture and time. the ideal sexual union, historical records “had lived in the Filipinas for almost 10
tity, humility, temperance, diligence, kindness, patience and
When you want to know the real values can be good source of actual marital and years” before he even encountered a Don
charity. All we need is to read and meditate carefully on all
of a people, you look into their primordial sexual behaviors of a culture. For the Phil- Juan with multiple partners.
the available accounts of her in the New Testament (Luke,
love stories and the language these used. ippines however, the accounts of coloniz- In his Filipino Indigenous Ethnic Commu-
John, the Acts of the Apostles, to cite a few instances) and to
There you will see all the sacrifices, hero- ers may not be as helpful. nities, anthropologist F. Landa Jocano also
prayerfully assimilate the mysteries of her life into ours.
ism, honor, virtues, and deepest wishes These records have been the sport of so- notes that in tribes where divorce was per-
The second power of Mary is the power of her prayers
dreamed of to fulfill the happy ending of called sexual liberty ideologues today if mitted, there were checks and censures. Di-
and intercession. We see this power at work in the Wed-
living together—man and woman—ever only to prove that the friars have repressed vorce until now is hardly acceptable to
ding at Cana. It is she who brings to Jesus’ attention the
after. Filipinos for so long. The problem with some groups such as the Agtas, and “even
need of the couple: “They have no more wine”. To Jesus
Everywhere you go, even from polyga- this scholarship is that they take to faith if allowed is rarely practiced. Couples tend
Mama Mary continually brings our need for the right vir-
mous societies, the most celebrated ro- contradicting colonizers’ accounts, some to be loyal and faithful to one another.”
tues in life to overcome the many enslavements due to the
mances surprisingly have played on a one- of which purposely demonized the natives
seven capital sins. To Jesus she says, looking over our situ-
man-is-to-one-woman ideal. Among the to justify their abuses. Some have been The Lingo
ation with motherly care: “They are getting farther away
Muslims, you have Shah Jahan and Mumtaz proven to be hoaxes, such as the Codes of The Buwan ng Wika may be over, but it is
from the joy of salvation”. I know of a friend who had been
Mahal (of the famous Taj Mahal—the larg- Calantiao and Maragtas. not too late to point further that our na-
worried for a long time over a rather wayward nephew.
est monument for love). Among the Hin- An example is Joseph de Laporte’s La tional language also reflects our under-
But after turning to Mama Mary through the rosary, he was
dus, you have Rama and Sita. Anything Voyageur Francois : “The women of this standing of the ideal union not only as uni-
surprised when his problematic nephew became a member
outside the one-man-for-one-woman set- country are of an ugliness which makes tive between a man and a woman, but es-
of a Catholic renewal movement and since then has mended
up tend to harbor feelings of jealousy and the practice of chastity easy.” The advisory sentially procreative.
his ways and is now very active in church and evangelical
hate rather than love, such as in the Greek is self-contradictory. On one hand he says, According to UP Sociologist Bernadette
life. God still transforms people through the power of Mama
stories of Zeus and Hera—still and again “There was open profession and a free ex- Abrera in a feature in Sharing in the City,
Mary’s prayers. There’s no doubt, he’ll transform capital
indicating common human expectations. ercise of (sexual) incontinence,” yet “adul- Filipinos call the family a “mag-anak , ”
sins into the Spirit’s saving capital.
Sure there are a lot of stories here and tery is treated like homicide” and “po- stressing the procreative mandate— MAG-
there about polygamous and same-sex re- lygamy is not allowed at all.” Lifeguard / A7
CBCP Monitor
A6 Local News Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Bishop condemns Baylon

belies death
civilian killings threats
DAVAO CITY, September 3, holding and a duly elected
2008–Masbate Bishop Joel Baylon kagawad.
has denied reports that he is re- Julie Empas is the farmer
ceiving death threats from armed leader who replaced Felizardo
rebels because of his campaign Benitez as the President of
for land reform in his province. Samahan ng Magsasaka sa Sitio
Baylon said the report was not Centro, who, it can be recalled,
true and only formed part of was also slain by armed men. He
hearsays as it came out while he was abducted in the very same
was still in Sydney, Australia last place where Benitez was killed.
July for the World Youth Day Reports said that those who
(WYD) celebration. were killed were warned not to
He was even quoted in a re- pursue of their desire to own the
port by Davao Catholic Herald land that they till. The perpetra-
saying that the reported death tors were all known in the com-
threats came after four farmers munity as members of the New
have been killed. People’s Army (NPA), the armed
Last July, Alberto Yusi, a peas- wing of the Communist Party of
ant leader in Masbate was report- the Philippines (CPP).
edly killed by armed men. He Meanwhile, Baylon said that his
Photo courtesy of Keith Bacongco was the fourth victim in land-re- campaign for land reform in his
lated deaths in the province for province would still continue.
MANILA, September 10, 2008— A Catholic bishop has strongly con- MILF.
less than a year. He admitted that he once
demned a military air strike on Monday that allegedly killed at least “It should have been a surgical operation against the men of Umra Other victims were Salvador helped Vale solve the problem
six civilians in Maguindanao. Kato and Bravo. And whenever there are civilians in their pursuit of
“Boyet” Vale, Jr., a farmer-leader of owning their lands following
Civilian casualties are an emotive issue for religious leaders, many lawless elements, they should be very careful,” the bishop said. from Brgy. Royroy, Batuan, the implementation of the Com-
of whom feel government forces take too little care when launching Bagaforo said terms of engagement between the two parties should
Masbate who was leading a prehensive Agrarian Reform Pro-
air strikes. also be made especially when it is to minimize civilian casualties “if group of farmers petitioning for gram (CARP).
Cotabato Auxiliary Bishop Jose Colin Bagaforo said the civilian not zero.”
agrarian reform; Mark Anthony Baylon also dismissed the re-
casualties in the clash between the military and the Moro Islamic Clashes between the two opposing camps broke out again on “Butchoy” Vale, an elected ports that Vale was involved in
Liberation Front (MILF) cannot be justified as being collateral dam- Monday after almost a week of lull in the firefights coinciding with
Barangay Captain and farmer- stealing cattle in their area say-
ages. the beginning of the Muslims’ holy month of Ramadan. leader of Samahang Magsasaka ing, “Vale’s alleged involvement
“Death is never okay, especially [when] caused by violence... the The renewed hostilities in the towns of Datu Piang and Datu Saudi
ng Hacienda Batuan in Masbate; in stealing is not yet confirmed
collateral damages are unarmed and innocent people killed. It’s not Ampatuan also resulted to the death of at least 16 MILF rebels. and Deolito “Julie” Empas, a even up to now.” (Mark S.
acceptable,” Bagaforo said. The Arroyo government has already ordered the investigation on
farmer leader in the Uy land- Ventura)
He said civilian casualties could have been avoided had the mili- the incident in order to have an account on what transpired in the
tary took extra precaution before the air assault aimed at renegade recent collision. (Roy Lagarde)

Reproductive Health / A1

On the other hand, those who threw their and escalate popular support against the pro-
CA ruling vs. Lozada
upsets Church leaders
Protracted fight
support for the population control measure Episcopal Commission on Family and Life posed Reproductive Health Bill is snowballing.
are Ronaldo Zamora (San Juan), Ruffy Biazon Executive Secretary, Fr. Melvin Castro said Cebu Archbishop Ricardo Cardinal Vidal
(Muntinlupa), Juan Edgardo Angara (Aurora), the ongoing tussle between Church and law- has urged Catholics to intensify the signa-
Ann York Bondoc (4rth district, Pampanga), makers on the issue of reproductive health ture drive against the proposed Reproduc- MANILA, September 15, 2008— CA ruling go against its man-
Edgardo Salvador, Samuel Dangwa (Benguet), bill is a “protracted one and may take some tive Health (RH) Bill. Catholic leaders criticized a date to protect the rights of the
Teddy Casiño (Bayan-Muna), Danilo Suarez time.” Celebrating Mass on the Blessed Mother’s court decision rejecting an ap- people.
(3rd district, Quezon), Manuel Mamba (3rd Speaking at the jointly organized forum nativity last September 8, Vidal cautioned peal for protection by national “Of course, the CA will not
district, Cagayan), Amante Edilmiro (2nd dis- of CBCPNews/Catholic Media Network people not to be influenced by the RH Bill broadband network project admit the truth because to ad-
trict, Agusan del Norte), Abdullah Dimaporo on September 9, Castro said the coming that goes against the Church’s teaching. whistleblower Rodolfo “Jun” mit that Lozada was abducted
(2nd district, Lanao del Norte), Dan Fernandez events that will unfold in the “battle” The prelate also instructed his priests in Lozada. by government people is also
(1st district, Laguna), Mujic Hataman (Anak against Reproductive Health bill is worth the 142 parishes of the Cebu Archdiocese to In a case monitored nation- admitting that the government
Mindanao), Roque Ablan (1st district, Ilocos watching. endorse the people to support the Church’s ally, the Court of Appeals ruled is a danger to its very own
Norte), Liza Maza (Gabriela), Riza “We are taking the word of the bill’s prin- signature campaign. on September 15 against people,” Mananzan said.
Hontiveros-Baraquel (Akbayan), Philip cipal authors they could muster enough sup- Parishioners have also started to pray for Lozada’s petition for writ of Considering the institution’s
Pichay (1st district, Surigao del Sur), Teddy port and that remains to be seen,’ the soft- the conversion of all authors and supporters amparo, citing the lack of proof “reputation of being politi-
Locsin (1st district, Makati) Mauricio spoken executive director said. of the controversial Reproductive Health Bill that his life, liberty and secu- cized,” the nun said the deci-
Domogan (Baguio), Satur Ocampo (Bayan He said the Catholic Church launched its 2008 (RHB). rity were threatened by govern- sion did not surprise them at
Muna), Abraham Mitra (2nd district, own signature campaign during the 40th an- The parishioners in many parishes agreed ment officials. all.
Palawan), Jose Lacson (3rd district, Negros niversary of Humane Vitae to show the gen- to include in the daily morning offering prayed Lozada claimed that he was “Extra-judicial killings and
Occidental), Edcel Lagman (1st district, eral public’s rejection of the controversial bill by the congregation that “all authors and sup- abducted by government secu- forced disappearances are be-
Albay), Jeannette Garin (1st district, Iloilo), but its proponents also launched their own porters of the RHB be converted in their think- rity officials on his return from ing perpetrated by the govern-
Marc Douglas Cagas (1st district, Davao del campaign to show a significant number of ing and that all legislators use their positions Hong Kong on Feb. 5 to testify ment including the case of
Sur) and Darlene Custodio (1st district, South adherents. to promote life, marriage, family and human before the Senate inquiry on the Lozada, even if the CA denies
Cotabato). He expressed surprise that the bill’s au- sexuality in line with the teachings of the NBN deal with China’s ZTE that,” she said.
Nine lawmakers, however, were still un- thors still continue to ask for more funds to Catholic Church,” said Robert De la Cruz of Corp. But Mananzan said they will
decided at the time of the survey namely curb their perceived population growth rate the Manila Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady The influential Association of continue pursuing the truth
Jocelyn Limkaichong, Lorenzo Tañada (4rth “when in fact a top government population of Loreto in Sampaloc, Manila. Major Religious Superiors of the against alleged government
district, Quezon), Raul Daza (1st district, expert admitted in a congressional hearing Fr. Joel Jason, director of Ministry for Fam- Philippines (AMRSP) was dis- abuses despite the recent set-
Northern Samar), Manuel Abiao, Teofisto that the country’s population growth rate has ily and Life, told CBCP News that the Church appointed with the decision but back.
Guingona III (2nd district, Bukidnon), Rodolfo gone down several years ago.” hopes to get a million signatures against the said it was already expected. “The search for truth is an
Plaza (Agusan del Sur), Mark Cojuangco (5th reproductive health bill that is anti-life and Sister Mary John Mananzan, abiding commitment,” she
district, Pangasinan), Arthur Defensor (3rd Signature campaigns promotes abortion. (With reports from Melo AMRSP co-chairperson, said the added. (CBCPNews)
district, Iloilo) and Ernesto Pablo (APEC). The signature campaign to raise awareness Acuña and Santosh Digal)

Casino / A1 Daditama / A4
nos in the country could draw creation of jobs and so forth in an so forth, is manifest. “Now if investments here in our few, therefore ask the Lord of the
country are not that good, it’s not the Priesthood and Consecrated
more businessmen and tourists. area, one has to build in the cost. Favila said the country should harvest to send laborers to his
life, you Parents have also been
Having such investments, he “I don’t know if they really be more “open-minded” and en- because of the lack of gambling harvest”. (Luke 10:2) The voca-
but due to our distrusted govern- especially chosen to care and
said, will definitely boost the thought about that proposal. courage foreign businessmen to tion and mission is the vocation
form those He has chosen You to
country’s financial growth and the People will not benefit anything invest in casinos in the country ment,” Cruz said in a separate in- and mission of the Lord, not ours.
terview over Church-run Radyo share the awesome privilege and
tourism industry. from that kind of plan. I’m even much like progressive countries John Paul II in his Apostolic Ex-
gift of this special vocation in the
The archbishop of Lingayen- puzzled on where he (Favila) got like Singapore and Malaysia. Veritas. hortation on the Bishops,
The senior prelate reiterated that Church. Alleluia! Be ever grate-
Dagupan, anti-gambling crusader that kind of idea,” Cruz said. But the archbishop said although Pastores Gregis, emphasized that
ful and generous to offer whole-
Oscar Cruz, has long been claim- The country’s Catholic bishops’ the said nations are in much better the CBCP had already issued a state- “the force which inspires and forms
ment condemning the patronage of heartedly your children to God
ing that gambling caused human leadership is against an increase in states than the Philippines, there re- vocations is primarily prayer” (PG#
and the Church, expecting no re-
pollution. gambling, and against the build- mains one large factor that cannot gambling, whether legal or not. 48) this is, therefore, the first pri-
The chairman of the People’s ward and return for your sacri-
He said the utterly extraordi- ing of further casinos. For them, be found in the latter nation. ority in the pastoral care of voca-
fice. The Church is ever grateful
nary claims about gambling as a it’s not just a religious issue, but “Malaysia and Singapore are Crusade Against Gambling said tions.
the bishops are unanimously to all of you our dear parents. I
means for regeneration simply concerned damage to families. both progressive nations because If there are not enough voca-
ask you to continue caring for and
obscure the fact of cost. Cruz said gambling industry is they have a good government. In- against the promotion of gambling tions in our diocese, we should
as it promotes wrong values such supporting your sons and daugh-
Cruz said gambling is “socially profoundly costly, its negative vestors come to them because they encourage our priests, the reli-
ters in the priesthood and conse-
costly” and whatever is said about impact in terms of promoting ad- know their governments are not as laziness and greed for others’ gious, and the laity to be more
money. (CBCPNews) crated life even after they finish
supposedly financial benefits, the diction, destroying family life and corrupt,” said Cruz. fervent in praying for vocations.
their initial formation
With humility and love, pray “Vocations need a vast network
Ramadhan / A1 of people who pray fervently to
for vocations in your own family.
I can only fast and pray,” said Picardal. Ishmael and Jacob. The God whom Jesus (Isa He also pray that the MILF leadership will Support families and communi- the Lord” (PG# 48) Let us; there-
In the 1980’s, the late Bishop Benny Tudtud ibn Maryam, al Masih, al Nabi) calls Father. show convincing proof that it is investigating ties with vocations, as a sign of fore, include in our daily indi-
of the Prelature of Marawi and the Mindanao- The same God that Muhammad (peace be upon and intend to punish the local MILF command- your great appreciation for this vidual prayers the prayer for vo-
Sulu Pastoral Conference introduced the him) worshipped.” ers responsible for the atrocities. great gift and responsibility and cations. Together, on the First
“Duyog Ramadhan.” Picardal is also praying that the recent “May they not make the signing of the MOA- your solidarity for them. There are Sunday of the month let the
“Duyog Ramadhan was an invitation for armed conflict will not worsen the Christian- AD a precondition for peace negotiations to Church groups especially devoted prayer for vocations be done in
Christians to reach out to the Muslims during Muslim relations. continue. May they become aware that major- to the vocation ministry such as all the Masses in the Churches and
the Ramadhan in order to engage in a dia- He also prayed that President Gloria Ar- ity of Filipinos cannot accept the dismember- the Diocesan Vocation Movement Oratories.
logue of life and faith. It was during the height royo will have more patience and not to al- ment of the nation as the cost for peace,” he and the Parish Vocation 8. Just like the Apostles gath-
of the armed conflict between the Moro Na- low the attacks which the Moro Islamic Lib- said. Apostolate and others. You are es- ered around the Virgin Mary, let
tional Liberation Front (MNLF) and the gov- eration Front (MILF) leadership denied order- “I pray that Christians and Muslims and pecially invited to support and us gather with her too, and learn
ernment” said Picardal, adding: “Today, I am ing, to scuttle the peace negotiations. Lumads learn to accept that the land and all its join these groups. from her how to pray to the Holy
doing the same. As I fast, I also remember in a “May she (Arroyo) not make impossible pre- resources belong to God and should be shared Spirit for a new springtime of
special way the Muslims who have become conditions (such as disarmament, demobili- by all “ by this generation and the next,” added Pray for Vocations vocations in our Diocese, alive
close to me “ my friends and partners in dia- zation or integration) for talks to continue. Picardal. 7. Our Lord Jesus Christ Him- with faith and love and unity that
logue whom I consider my “relatives,” not by These are supposed to be discussed at the later “There is enough for everyone’s need, but self admonished us to pray for is necessary for the fulfillment of
blood, but by a common faith in the One God phase of the negotiations once agreement has not for everyone’s greed,” he ended. (Mark S. workers to his harvest. “The har- our mission—Adveniat Regnum
“ the God of Abraham (Ibrahim), Isaac, been reached,” said Picardal. Ventura) vest is rich but the laborers are Tuum.

Landslides / A1
Masara in Maco town last September 6 forcefully evacuated the residents to safer prevalent mining operations there. nities there rely on mining as a prime mining per se but is very particular on
and 7, had left 29 others injured and six areas,” Manlapaz said. “Kung yan lamang ay pinakialamanan ng source of livelihood. the responsibility of all stakeholders.
others missing. Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardi- ating government at ni-legalize... e kaso hindi. Environmentalists claimed that min- “The Church wants to observe the con-
Experts have long recognized the area nal Rosales, for his part, put the blame on To each is own dun e. I have seen it myself. ing is one of the most probable cause of ditions of safety not only for the work-
as prone to landslides, and the bishop the vast mining operations in the area. So, kaninong kasalanan? Noon pa dapat the sudden erosion of the soil that bur- ers who are going underneath, [but also]
said local officials should have done Rosales, a known advocate for envi- pinakialamanan,” he said. ied houses and residents. the safety of the village where it is, [and
something about this in the past. ronment protection, said the tragedy Compostela Valley province is known Rosales, also a former bishop of the] safety of the environment. Kaya ang
“The tragedy could have been avoided could have been prevented if only the for gold mining operations, both large Malaybalay in Bukidnon province, ex- Simbahan masyado magmatyag e,” he said.
had the authorities acted decisively and government has managed to regulate the and small scale, and almost all commu- plained that the Church is not against (CBCPNews)
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 Diocesan News A7
News Briefs Stone-throwing incident
Cardinal’s historical marker unveiled
GUAGUA, Pampanga—After the celebration of the 100th birth an-
niversary of the late Rufino Cardinal Santos last month, the Na-
mars Peñafrancia festivities
tional Historical Institute (NHI) officially unveiled here on Sept.7
the historical marker to honor the achievements and contributions
to society of the Kapampangan cardinal. Cardinal Santos was the
first Filipino Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. The statue
was placed on the facade of the Rufino Cardinal Santos Catholic
Center at the Immaculate Conception Parish here. (CBCPNews)

Pinoys in Kuwait mark Peñafrancia

MANILA—They may be far from home, but Filipino Peñafrancia
devotees in Kuwait still marked the feast of Our Lady of
Peñafrancia in Kuwait City on Sept. 18 with a procession of Marian
images. There are about 10 images of Our Lady of Peñafrancia in
churches and private residences all over Kuwait, where regular
prayer meetings are held. (CBCPNews)

Church sets pro-life rally on Oct. 11

OZAMIZ City—In a bid to reiterate its commitment to life and its
opposition to the reproductive health bill, the Ozamiz archdio-
cese will hold a pro-life rally on Oct. 11. This is part of the
archdiocese’s “intensified” campaign against the bill now pend-

ing before the House of Representatives. The archdiocese opted

to lead the rally after Archbishop Jesus Dosado declared Septem-
ber as “Pro-Life Month.” (Wendell Talibong)

Church body backs 30-year-old cap for migrant

Pinoy domestics
MANILA—The CBCP’s Episcopal Commission on Migrants and
Itinerant People is supporting the proposed re-imposition of
higher age limits for overseas Filipino domestic helpers. Fr. Edwin
Corros, ECMI executive secretary said they are “in favor” of re-
imposing the 30-year-old cap on household service workers (HSW)
to protect them from abuse and exploitation. (CBCPNews)

Church-run radio station helps displaced Mindanao

folk NAGA CITY, September 15, 2008—The Academy taking hostaged of school chil- authorities that they will no longer be al-
OZAMIS City—A Catholic-run radio station in Ozamiz City has Traslacion procession held afternoon of Sep- dren. lowed to carry the image of the Patroness,
launched a program to help families in Lanao del Norte province tember 12 to commence the beginning of this The unidentified hostage-taker was later deviating from the three century-old tradi-
who had been displaced by clashes between government and the year’s Peñafrancia Festival in honor of the overpowered by police operatives and found tion.
MILF forces. Church-run radio station dxDD AM/FM launched Bicol region’s patroness was marked by un- to be a mental patient. “What happened during the traslacion pro-
“Operation Tabang” to help the evacuees. The station serves the expected incidents that church and civil au- The series of violent incidents prompted cession last September 12 were isolated inci-
ecclesiastical province of Ozamiz that includes Dipolog, Pagadian, thorities vowed to address to prevent any Caceres Archbishop Leonardo Z. Legaspi, OP dents,” said Jimmy Vapor, an elder of Couples
Iligan and Marawi. (Wendell Talibong) recurrence. to consider alternative options and imple- for Christ in Naga City.
Police records showed that a rumble in- ment innovations in coordination with gov- There were proposals to have the vener-
Bishop to govt, MILF: Clarify basic principles, then volving teenagers resulted into injuries and ernment authorities to assure the safety of ated image placed on a truck and Philippine
destruction of property. the thousands of Penafrancia devotees. Army elements will carry the image to avert
A stone-throwing incident led to a devo- Legaspi is considering to implement radi- any problem. This will effect an orderly trans-
COTABATO City—A Catholic prelate urged government and the
tee suffering a heart attack and a priest get- cal changes in the conduct of future religious fer of the image of Our Lady of Peñafrancia
MILF to accept first two fundamental principles before they con-
ting a head injury. The episode which oc- activities. from the Basilica Minore to the Naga Metro-
tinue talking about peace in Mindanao. Cotabato archbishop Or-
curred while the traslacion was in progress The maintenance of peace and order is the politan Cathedral and vice versa.
lando Quevedo issued the advice as a “contribution” to back-
also damaged the glass cover of the revered primordial concern of both government and “It is important that the faithful heed the
door channeling between the two parties. He said the first prin-
icon of the Divino Rostro. church authorities. advice of local church authorities on how the
ciple is the national sovereignty and territorial integrity of the
Earlier in the day, while participants from As of press time, an effective crowd con- activities of the festivities will be conducted
Philippines as enshrined in the Philippine Constitution.
the different parts of the Bicol Region were trol strategy is being prepared to keep order so the solemnity of the occasion maybe pre-
beginning to converge in the city to join the during processions and other religious ac- served,” Fr. Jay Jacinto, the Archbishop’s Sec-
traditional event in the afternoon, a gun- tivities. retary said in an interview over Radio
Bishop calls for justice for victims of Digos bombing
wielding man fired shots as he comman- Meanwhile, devotees and voyadores re- Mindanao Network’s DwNX-Naga. (Elmer
DIGOS City—Even as he grieved for the victims of a bus bomb- deered a bus chartered by La Consolacion acted to initial announcements from church Abad)
ing here on Sept. 1, Bishop Guillermo Afable called on authorities
to bring the perpetrators to justice. Afable condemned the bomb-
ing as a “heinous crime against innocent men, women and chil-
dren,” adding it cannot justify whatever motive the perpetrators
may have. (Mark Ventura)

Ateneo to host lecture series on Zamboanga

Church-State partnership lauded
Church’s history
ZAMBOANGA City—The Ateneo de Zamboanga University
(AdZU) will hold a lecture series and a photo exhibit dubbed as
“La Parroquia: A History of the Catholic Church in Zamboanga,
at Nueva Segovia Jubilee
1635 – Present.” Three lecture dates are set for this year: Septem- VIGAN CITY, September 9, jubilee, the common resolve of benefit of Nueva Segovia and Piat by her devotees from Nueva
ber 18 (pre-diocesan period), October 8 (diocesan period) and 2008—Local government officials church and state to improve Vigan. Segovia and Piat.
November 17 (archdiocesan period). All three lectures will be have lauded the church-state part- people’s lives, and the Church as The September 7 festivities Among the activities spear-
held at the Carlos Dominguez Conference Hall, La Purisima Cam- nership at the Commemorative source of moral and spiritual were highlighted with a Eucha- headed by the city in this connec-
pus from 2:00 to 4:30 PM. (Santosh Digal) Rites marking the 250th year of guidance. ristic Celebration concelebrated tion are the planting of 2,500 trees
transfer of the See of Nueva Pascual described the transfer by Archbishop Salgado and the for a healthier environment and
Marian feast ushers series of Marian fiestas in Segovia from Lal-lo, Cagayan to as a great contribution to evan- Nueva Segovia Clergy. It was at- the Launching of the Vigan
Vigan on September 7 in Vigan gelization by Nueva Segovia tended by an overflowing crowd Children’s InteractiveMuseum,
Nueva Segovia
City. whose seat was first established who had come for the jubilee BURIDEK, on September 8.
VIGAN City—The feast of Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia’s pa-
The brief ceremony held in in Lal-lo in 1595 as third suffragan and the regular evening Sunday Buridek (Ilocano word for the
troness, Our Lady of Charity popularly known as Apo Caridad front of the Arzobispado of to Manila and later, transferred Mass and the devotees of Our youngest member of an Ilocano
held last Sept. 8 ushered a series of monthly Marian fiestas for the
Nueva Segovia in Vigan also cel- to Vigan. Lady of Charity, Queen of family or symbolically, the
devout Ilocanos. The feast of Our Lady of the Rosary also known ebrated the elevation of then Archbishop Ernesto A. Salgado, Ilocandia, whose feast falls on youngest member of society) is
as La Naval will be celebrated on Oct. 7 followed by the feast of La
Villa Fernandina into a Ciudad, on behalf of Nueva Segovia, the first Sunday of September the city’s effort to realize the pres-
Milagrosa, or Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal on November now the City of Vigan, by virtue thanked everyone especially the each year. ervation and conservation of
and La Purisima Concepcion, feast of Our Lady of the Immaculate
of a Papal Bull in 1758. Lord for the peaceful cooperation The occasion was blessed by Ilocano history and heritage, par-
Conception, on Dec. 8. (Fran Quitoriano) Lady Mayors Eva Marie of Church and government. the presence of the pilgrim im- ticularly cultural and essential
Medina of Vigan City and Olivia He likened the partnership of age of Our Lady of the Visitation, human values for its future, the
Liturgy meeting deepens theology of sacramentals, Pascual of Lal-lo Medina spoke church and state to railway tracks Patroness of Cagayan, which had Ilocano children. (Fran C.
blessings of the unity brought about by the carrying the people as one for the been brought in procession from Quitoriano)
TAGUM City— The recently concluded 23rd annual national
meeting of diocesan directors of liturgy has discussed the essence
of the theology of sacramentals and blessings. The Diocese of Gambling / A4
Tagum hosted the 4-day event which also tackled sensitive topics
on exorcism, the ministers of sacramentals and blessings were For such social and moral evil withdrawn to support political CEAP regional director stresses
value of Catholic identity
also discussed. (Mark Ventura) to exist, can graft and candidacies. Again, whether
corruption be far behind? true or not, such a belief
Archdiocese of Davao steps up vocation campaign among ordinary people points
DAVAO City—The Archdiocese of Davao through the Fraternity The popular belief has never to the values that have grown
of the Diocesan Clergy (FDCD) has stepped up its efforts to cam- been disproved that protection out of the vice of gambling. DAVAO CITY, September 10, 2008—The regional director of Catholic
paign for vocations. FDCD’s animator Fr. Leonardo Dublan said money is handed down in Educational Association in the Philippines (CEAP) has stressed on the
that their campaign will focus on high school students and en- liberal proportions to police, Through jueteng and other need to strengthen the value of Catholic identity in academe today.
courage them to consider priesthood as their vocation. The FDCD military, and political officials. forms of rampant gambling, Fr. Danny Monta, CEAP regional director said students in Catholic
has conducted a vocation campaign in Holy Cross of Sasa last It is even said that the control values are distorted. Hard schools as well as teachers and administrators should always carry
Sept. 9 as part of their annual gathering in St. Joseph, the Worker and operation of gambling are work, rational reflection and with them the truest value of Catholic identity.
Parish in Sasa, this city. (Mark Ventura) in the hands of some planning that are trademarks He added that “being the salt of the earth and the light of the
politicians. If what many of responsible human work world” mark the identity of a true Catholic.
Prelate reminds all re sincerity in pursuing peace people say are true, and there are substituted by Being the salt of the earth, he continued, students must commit to
MATI City—Bishop Patricio Alo has reminded the people regard- seems to be no solid reason to irresponsible risk-taking. make Christ known to others through the best of their attitudes as
ing the needed sincerity especially in making agreements that disagree, then we have in the Laziness is promoted while Catholics.
aims to pursue peace in Mindanao. Alo said, “In all agreements North a social plague of the dream of easy money He also said that in order to concretize this, teachers and adminis-
and dialogues, there is one thing important—sincerity, being true becomes an obsession. The trators of Catholic schools play an important role.
unrivalled scale.
to oneself.” He added works are futile if there are underlying poor are exploited. Power Monta said they are not just teachers and administrators but they
personal interests especially in pursuing agreements on peace. The fact that gambling should also set as good examples to their students. (Mark S. Ventura)
and money are used to
(Mark Ventura) operations employ some protect—as well as to enforce Lifeguard / A5
thousands of people in the submission to—the system.
Cardinal Vidal seeks more signatures vs RH bill whole North has become an The values of the Gospel and anak ! The pro-life nature of the family was obvious to Filipinos
CEBU City—Cebu archbishop Ricardo Cardinal Vidal threw his excuse for government of the Kingdom of God are even before the first friar ever said “Be fertile and multiply!”
weight Wednesday behind a signature drive to oppose the repro- officials not to abolish put aside for the sake of profit. Incidentally, when Bernardo Villegas was arguing before the
ductive health (RH) bill pending in Congress. Vidal cautioned gambling. They stop So long have we complained 1986 Constitutional Convention, whether or not a constitutional
people not to be influenced by the RH bill. He instructed his priests searching for alternative and about the disappearance of prohibition on abortion was just a Spanish and religious import,
in 142 parishes of the Cebu Archdiocese to encourage the faithful to productive sources of such values as industry, thrift, he explained that early Filipinos have a high sense of respect-
support the Church’s signature campaign. (Santosh Digal) employment. truth, honesty and integrity, ability for bearing children. We already called pregnant women
and justice. “nagdadalang-tao,” .recognizing the humanity of the unborn: that
Prelate urges to transform politics with the gospel Furthermore the popular the fetus is already tao (human).
OZAMIZ CITY—Saying that the Gospel must be preach with all belief remains that jueteng — Make Yourselves a New I could only agree with Jocano, who in an interview told me
its social dimensions, Ozamiz Archbishop Jesus A. Dosado, CM profits serve as bottomless Heart and a New Spirit, A that Filipino telenovelas and filmmakers today can better serve
has urged his flock to transform politics with the Gospel saying it “election war chests” from Joint Pastoral Letter of the country’s strong family values if they would feature our own
is the duty of the laity to evangelize politics. (Wendell Talibong) which unaccountable Northern Luzon Bishops, lores based on our own language, instead of fabricating and dub-
amounts of money are freely 1993 bing from other cultures while clueless of our own.
CBCP Monitor
A8 People, Facts & Places Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

5th national pilgrimage

to Lipa prays for priests
THE bishops has urged the laity to storm the He said that all priests need spiritual help
heavens with prayers for the priests and the in order for them to live their own vocation
religious. and mission in today’s world.
This, according to Lipa Archbishop Ramon This year’s pilgrimage theme is “I am your
Arguelles who made the call during the 5th Mother (Towards a Prayerful, Committed,
National Pilgrimage to Lipa in Batangas prov- Contemplative, Spirit-filled Marian Fam-
ince yesterday—a celebration attended by ily).”
thousands of pilgrims. Friday’s activities ended at the Carmel
The pilgrimage is also in commemoration Monastery with a concelebrated Mass led by
of the 60th anniversary of the “appearance” Manila archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal
of the Blessed Virgin Mary to Sr. Teresita Rosales as main officiator.
“Teresing” Castillo of the Carmelite Con- Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philip-
vent. pines president Angel Lagdameo delivered
Sr. Teresing said that on Sept. 16, 1948, the the homily.
Blessed Mother told her that a statue be placed After the Holy Mass the crowning of the
© Roy Lagarde / CBCP Media

where she appeared. On Sept. 26, she declared image of the Our Lady of Mediatrix of All
that she was “Mary, Mediatrix of All Grace.” Grace was presided by Cebu Archbishop
Arguelles said prayers to rid the Catholic Ricardo Cardinal Vidal.
Church of grave situations involving priests Gov. Santos-Recto also recited the prayer
would also be of great help. of consecration to Jesus through Mary while
“Priests aren’t perfect, and they need help Arroyo ended the coronation rite of the im-
to live their vocation and mission in today’s age of the Virgin by reciting a prayer of con-
world,” Arguelles said. secration for the country. (CBCPNews)

Liturgy course for priests slated

PAUL VI Institute of Liturgy, with
the Episcopal Commission on
Catechesis and Catholic Educa-
tion (ECCCE), will offer an ex-
tension program in Luzon in the
Bishop Socrates Villegas.
The topics include theology of
the liturgy, liturgy of the
Hours, Holy Orders and Lay
Ministries, Questions on Pen-
liturgical study and community
life observed at Paul VI Institute
in Malaybalay. It will be offered
in three modules consisting of
two weeks.
Bishop Socrates B. Villegas, Fr.
Anscar J. Chupungco, OSB and Fr.
Genaro O. Diwa, at Bataan
Techno Park in Morong, Bataan.
Dates are Module A (Oct 6-17,
INSTALLED. Most Reverend Jo-
service of the clergy, according ance and Marriage, History of “We hope that priests will take 2008), Module B (January 12-23, seph Amangi Nacua, OFM Capu-
to Fr. Arnel Takata, an official of the Liturgy, Sacraments of the advantage of this opportunity to 2009) and Module C (June 15-26, chin as new Bishop of Ilagan in a
the Institute. Christian Initiation, Liturgical help us ordained ministers in 2009). Eucharistic celebration led by the
Apostolic Nuncio in the Philippines,
“The program will be a good Year, Sacramentals and Bless- continuous growth and develop- Those who are interested for
Most Rev. Edward Joseph Adams
occasion for priests to update ings, Celebrations of the Eucha- ment as promoters and presiders the course may contact Fr. at the St. Ferdinand Cathedral in
themselves and renew their zest rist, Liturgical inculturation, of the worship of God and sanc- Chupungco at Ilagan, Isabela, September 9, 2008.
for the ministry. It is a way to Liturgical environment and tification of our people,” he or Fr. In his brief remarks, Archbishop
refresh one’s ministry of Music. added. Takata at Adams said there are three essen-
tials to one’s Episcopal ministry, that
catechesis. A good catechist must This extension program will Program organizers are or of “being a model of Christian liv-
be a good liturgist,” said Balanga follow basically the program of ECCCE chairman and Balanga 09178067374. (Santosh Digal) ing, successor of Peter and bridge
of love and one who unifies.”

Dominican run
Laoag Bishop and bishop-emeri-
tus of Ilagan Sergio Utleg delivered

7th Asian the homily. He reminded Bishop

Nacua of five important elements
to make his ministry successful, “Know your people and be mindful of

Conference of hospital to mark

your clergy, be holy, sow seeds, you’ll have joy and agony, lose and find
yourself.” Bishop Nacua expressed his gratitude to God for his new
ministry as he assured his clergy and flock of his love and support. The
event was attended by bishops, priests and religious women of the

Religions for 60th anniversary

diocese and neighboring arch/dioceses.

Peace slated in THE San Pedro Hospital (SPH)

owned and operated by the
health care service in mercy
and compassion.
Montanez, perpetual profession of
vows among the Augustinians of
the Assumption (Assumptionists);

THE 7th assembly of the Asian Conference of Religions for Peace
Dominican Sisters will cel-
ebrate its 60th anniversary in
the healing ministry this year.
The community of health
workers also commit them-
selves to provide the best qual-
August 23, 2008. A native of
Negros Occidental, Montanez fin-
ished his studies at the West
Visayas State University and taught
The weeklong celebration ity and compassionate health English in Assumption, Iloilo. He
(ACRP) is scheduled for Oct. 17-21 in Manila. will start on September 25 with care services in satisfying all stayed in Taize in 1996 as a youth
More than 300 delegates from around 30 countries including a thanks- individuals volunteer. His experience there
China and North Korea are likely to attend the international eventually led him to work as a
g i v i n g with rever-
Teresian youth volunteer to the
event. mass and ence and re- Higaonons in Impasug-ong,
The Dominican-run Pontifical University of Santo Tomas (UST) will culmi- spect of Bukidnon. Montanez joined the As-
and the Interreligious Dialogue Commission of the Catholic Bish- nate on Oc- their per- sumption congregation in the United
ops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) are co-sponsoring the tober 1 son; deliver States in July 2000. After complet-
ing the Pre-theology Program at
gathering. with the quality sat- Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts, Montanez proceeded
ACRP, founded in Singapore in 1976, seeks to promote under- t h e m e , isfying ser- to Santiago, Chile for his novitiate in 2003. He professed his first vows on
standing among various religions in Asia and to build peace, “SPH, 60 vices ex- January 4, 2004. He is currently a theology student at the Loyola School
justice and human dignity through cooperation, said Pakistani Years of pected of a of Theology of Ateneo de Manila University. Montanez is the first Filipino
vocation of the Augustinians of the Assumption-a newly founded con-
Supreme Court lawyer Nawaz Khan Marwat at a press state- Healing training gregation in the Philippines.
ment. Ministry: health care
ACRP is the regional affiliate of the World Conference of Re- Reliving the Past with Grati- institution; to witness as a
ligions for Peace. It tries to blend spiritual values and social tude, Inspiring the Future.” community, the mercy and
ORDAINED. Xavier C. Alpasa,
action, inspired by people such as Blessed Teresa of Calcutta and Part of the weeklong cel- compassion of a loving God in Francis D. Alvarez, Jason K. Dy,
Mahatma Gandhi, national father of India, and others, said Rev- ebration are exhibits and ba- the performance of individual Oliver G. Dy, Imram John, Ambrose
erend Katsuji Suzuki, ACRP associate secretary general. zaars, free pap smear, free den- and communal responsibility. Simiyu Kituyi, Joseph Kiarie
The theme of the conference is “Peacemaking in Asia.” The tal services, free immuniza- The Dominican Sisters as Muruga, Frank Dennis B.
Savadera, Antonio Roberto G. Sian;
deliberations would help to come out with a declaration and a tion and deworming, skin and well as the entire SPH manage- ordination to the Sacred Order of
list of concrete group actions toward peace, according to ARCP make-up workshops, work- ment believes that its services Deacons among the Society of
secretary general Sunggon Kim, a Korean professor of Buddhism. shop on how to lose, gain is part of the Church Jesus (SJ); September 13, 2008.
He said corruption is rampant because politicians are not sin- weight through good nutri- Apostolate and they commit The nine Jesuits were ordained by
cere in putting into praxis the teaching of God, Buddha and their Most Rev. Broderick S. Pabillo, DD,
tion, livelihood workshop, themselves to provide the best Auxiliary Bishop of Manila at the
religions. film viewing, jubilee walk, quality and compassionate Church of the Gesu, Ateneo de
Politicians need to widen their conscience so that politics would sportsfest, outing, homecom- health care services within Manila University, Loyola Heights,
be deemed as a business, Marwat said. ing among others. ethical standards to promote Quezon City.
Catholic Bishop Deogracias Iniguez of Kalookan, vice chair- For 60 years now, SPH com- quality of life among
man of the Episcopal Commission on Ecumenical Affairs and munity envisions persons ex- caregivers and a healthy envi-
Public Affairs, is part of the hosting team. (Santosh Digal) periencing the best quality ronment. (Mark S. Ventura) CELEBRATED. Knights of Columbus
Fraternal Association of the Philip-
pines, Inc., (KCFAPI) 50th anniver-
sary of foundation, September 13,

Laity Week celebration highlights good governance 2008. KCFAPI, the insurance arm
of the Knights of Columbus in the
Philippines has played a significant
role in the lives of the family of each
Knight of Columbus in the country
THE Council of the Laity of the ristic celebration at 5 p.m. on Sep- ences and advocacies. erhood of Christian Businessmen and in the Church in general.
Philippines (CLP) or tember 29 at St. Anne Parish in A conference statement is ex- and Professionals; Bukas Loob sa Founded with a small seed capital
Sangguniang Laiko ng Pilipinas Molo, Iloilo. pected to be drafted at the end of Diyos Foundation, Inc.; of P32,000 on September 9, 1958
by Fr. George J. Willmann, SJ, to
(LAIKO) is spearheading its an- Activities prior to the confer- the convention highlighting the Carmelite Missionary Secular; provide low-cost insurance protec-
nual celebration of “Laity Week” ence proper include a welcome resolutions adopted by the body Catholic Lawyers’ Guild of the tion for Filipino brother knights and
with a two-day regional confer- ceremony and introduction to the during the two-day meeting. Philippines; Catholic Nurses’ their families, KCFAPI now has
ence in Iloilo City on September history of Molo through viewing Bishop Gabriel V. Reyes, Chair- Guild of the Philippines; Catho- grown into a multi-million peso venture with diverse interests but one in
goal—that to be of service to brother knights and their families, and the
29 until October 1. of exhibits at St. Anne Parish. man of Episcopal Commission on lic Physicians’ Guild of the Phil-
Church. The year-long jubilee celebration launched September 14, 2007
Themed “The Laity: Primary Resource speakers are Gov. the Laity (ECLA) and Laiko Na- ippines; Catholic Women’s culminated with a grand jubilee ball at the Manila Hotel attended by past
Agents of Change Towards Hon- “Among” Ed Panlilio of tional Director will preside the League; Catholic Youth Organi- and present employees, sales force, Board of Trustees, clergy and other
esty and Integrity for Good Gov- Pampanga, and Fr. Albert Alejo, concluding Mass while Bishop zation in the Philippines; Chil- guests who have played a momentous role in KCFAPI.
ernance,” the week long obser- SJ, Rector of Ateneo de Davao Guillermo Afable will officiate the dren of Mary; Christ Family Mis-
vance of “Laity Week” will go on University. Mass on the first day of meeting. sion Movement; Christian Fam-
from September 21 to October 28. Miss Muriel Gojo and Miss The lay arm of the Catholic ily Movement of the Philippines; Society; Knights of Columbus; mittee-Catholic Charismatic Re-
Expected to gather around 500 Linda Tacorda will present Bishops Conference of the Phil- Christian Life Communities; Ladies of Charity of the Philip- newal of the Philippines; Philip-
participants all over the country Christifideles Laici to the partici- ippines, the Sangguniang Laiko Couples for Christ; Crusaders of pines; Lay Association of the Au- pine Coordination of Young
the Laiko conference will focus pants. ng Pilipinas has affiliate mem- the Holy Face of Jesus; Cursillos gustinian Sisters of Our Lady of Christian Workers; St. John
on the role of the laity in social Atty. Rean Sy, People’s Graft bers from different lay organiza- in Christianity; Daughters of Consolation; Legion of Mary; Apostle & Evangelist Services
development which includes Watch (Iloilo), Atty. Mia Meñez- tions all over the country, among Mary Immaculate; Divine Mercy Marriage Encounter Foundation Association; Society of St.
vigilance as citizen-critical col- Zafra, BBC-Laiko Initiatives (Ma- them: Adoracion Nocturna Apostolate of the Philippines; of the Philippines; Marriage En- Vincent de Paul; Teresian Asso-
laborators with government to nila), Fr. Melo Diola, Convenor, Filipina; Ang Ligaya ng Family Community Foundation, hancement & Team Services ciation; Young Christian Work-
help ensure good governance. Barug Filipino (Cebu) and Engr. Panginoon; Ang Lingkod ng Inc.; Federation of Free Farmers; Foundation Inc.; Mother Butler ers of the Philippines, Inc.; Young
Jaro Archbishop and CBCP Jose B. Lugay, Chairman, Laiko Panginoon; Apostleship of Federation of Transparochial Guild; Mother Butler Mission Ladies Association of Charity;
president Angel N. Lagdameo Advocacy on Good Governance Prayer; Ascending Life; Charismatic Communities; Guild; Movement for a Better and World Apostolate of Fatima.
will preside the opening Eucha- (Manila) will share their experi- Baranggay Sang Virgen; Broth- Focolare Movement; Holy Name World; National Service Com- (CBCPNews)
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19 B1
September 15 - 28, 2008

Pastoral Concerns
© Photos courtesy of FLICKR and CORBIS

‘We Cannot Cannot Be Be SilentSilent
About What
What We
We Know’
(A discourse Pope Benedict XVI gave Sunday night at the conclusion of the
Eucharistic procession in the prairie at the Marian shrine in Lourdes.)
LORD JESUS, You are here! ment of the eternal pres- the crowd of all those men and women
everything, to offer her body so as to re-
And you, my brothers, my sisters, my ence of the savior of man- who have spent hours in adoration of the
ceive the Body of the Creator. Everything
friends, You are here, with me, in his kind to his Church. Most Holy Sacrament of the altar.
came from Christ, even Mary; everything
presence! My brothers, my sisters, This evening, we do not see them, but
came through Mary, even Christ.
Lord, two thousand years ago, you will- my friends, we hear them saying to us, to every man
Mary, the holy Virgin, is with us this
ingly mounted the infamous Cross in or- Let us accept; may you and to every woman among us: “Come,
evening, in the presence of the Body of
der then to rise again and to remain for accept to offer yourselves let the Master call you! He is here! He is
her Son, one hundred and fifty years af-
ever with us, your brothers and sisters. to him who has given us ter revealing herself to little Bernadette.
calling you (cf. Jn 11:28)! He wants to
And you, my brothers, my sisters, my everything, who came not Holy Virgin, help us to contemplate,
take your life and join it to his.
friends, You willingly allow him to to judge the world, but to help us to adore, help us to love, to grow
Let yourself be embraced by him! Gaze
embrace you. save it (cf. Jn 3:17), accept in love for him who loved us so much,
no longer upon your own wounds, gaze
We contemplate him. to recognize in your lives so as to live eternally with him.
upon his. Do not look upon what still sepa-
We adore him. the presence of him who is An immense crowd of witnesses is in-
rates you from him and from others; look
We love him. We seek to grow in love present here, exposed to visibly present beside us, very close to this
upon the infinite distance that he has abol-
for him. our view. Accept to offer blessed grotto and in front of this church
ished by taking your flesh, by mounting
We contemplate him who, in the him your very lives! that the Virgin Mary wanted to be built;
the Cross which men had prepared for
course of his Passover meal, gave his Mary, the holy Virgin, the crowd of all those men and women
him, and by letting himself be put to death
body and blood to his disciples, so as to Mary, the Immaculate who have contemplated, venerated,
so as to show you his love. In his wounds,
be with them “always, to the close of the Conception, accepted, two adored the real presence of him who gave
he takes hold of you; in his wounds, he
age” (Mt 28:20). thousand years ago, to give himself to us even to the last drop of blood;
hides you. Do not refuse his Love!”
We adore him who is the origin and The immense
goal of our faith, him without whom we crowd of witnesses
would not be here this evening, without
whom we would not be at all, without
“Mary, the holy Virgin, is with us, in the who have allowed
themselves to be
whom there would be nothing, absolutely presence of the Body of her Son, one embraced by his
nothing! Him through whom “all things hundred and fifty years after revealing Love, is the crowd of
were made” (Jn 1:3), him in whom we were saints in heaven
created, for all eternity, him who gave us herself to little Bernadette.” who never cease to
his own body and intercede for us.
blood “ he is here this They were sinners
evening, in our midst, “Mary, the holy Virgin, Mary, the Im- and they knew it,
for us to gaze upon. maculate Conception, accepted, but they willingly
We love, and we ceased to gaze upon
seek to grow in love two thousand years ago, to give ev- their own wounds
for him who is here, erything, to offer her body so as to and to gaze only
in our presence, for us
to gaze upon, for us receive the Body of the Creator. Ev- upon the wounds of
their Lord, so as to
perhaps to question, erything came from Christ, even discover there the
for us to love.
Whether we are
Mary; everything came through glory of the Cross,
to discover there the
walking or nailed to a Mary, even Christ.” victory of Life over
bed of suffering; death. Saint Pierre-
whether we are walk- Julien Eymard tells
ing in joy or languish- us everything when
ing in the wilderness he cries out: “The
of the soul (cf. Num holy Eucharist is
21:4): Lord, take us all Jesus Christ, past,
into your Love; the present and future”
infinite Love which is (“Sermons and Pa-
eternally the Love of rochial Instructions
the Father for the Son after 1856,” 4-2.1,
and the Son for the Fa- “On Meditation”).
ther, the Love of the
Father and the Son for
“Holy Virgin, help us to contemplate, help us Jesus Christ, past,
in the historical
the Spirit, and the to adore, help us to love, to grow in love for truth of the evening
Love of the Spirit for
the Father and the
him who loved us so much, so as to live in the Upper Room,
to which every cel-
Son. The sacred host eternally with Christ.” ebration of holy
exposed to our view Mass leads us back.
speaks of this infinite Jesus Christ, present, because he said
power of Love mani- to us: “Take and eat of this, all of you,
fested on the glorious this is my body, this is my blood.”
Cross. The sacred host “This is”, in the present, here and now,
speaks to us of the in- as in every here and now throughout
credible abasement of human history. The real presence, the
the One who made presence which surpasses our poor lips,
himself poor so as to our poor hearts, our poor thoughts. The
make us rich in him, presence offered for us to gaze upon as
the One who accepted we do here, this evening, close to the
the loss of everything grotto where Mary revealed herself as
so as to win us for his the Immaculate Conception.
Father. The sacred The Eucharist is also Jesus Christ, fu-
host is the living, effi- ture, Jesus Christ to come. When we con-
cacious and real sacra- Lourdes / B3
CBCP Monitor
B2 Updates Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Canonical Safeguards for Appropriate

the Doctrine of the Faith Penances
(Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina
Apostolorum university, answers the following question:)

Q: Could you please comment on what appropriate and ad-

equate penances might be in the sacrament of reconciliation.
I tend to stay to the traditional Our Fathers and Hail Marys, but
I feel at times they are inadequate. A colleague gives much
more “difficult” penances: e.g., the Stations of the Cross, two
or three rosaries, reading certain psalms or other Scripture
texts. Many of his penitents come back later not having been
able to complete their penance and are troubled. As a young
priest I was instructed to give a penance that can be com-
pleted before the penitent leaves the church. H.J., Peabody,

A: Perhaps it should first be observed that all penances are intrinsi-

cally inadequate in order to make true satisfaction for sin. The gravity
involved in any sin far outweighs our possibility to repair the lack of
love toward God. The wonder of confession is God’s generosity to-
ward us in offering us reconciliation and restoring us to his friendship.

The Church limits itself to instructing priests to impose adequate

penances corresponding to the nature of each case. The custom of
imposing prayer as penance is no mere formula; rather, precisely be-
cause it is prayer, it is a sign of the renewal of grace in the soul that
makes authentic prayer possible and meritorious.

In imposing a suitable penance there are several things to be taken

into account.

First of all, the nature of the sin must be considered as penances

seek to be remedial, and graver sins need more severe penances so
as to awaken the conscience to their gravity, especially if repeated
often. Sins of injustice such as stealing or calumny must also be rem-
edied through some form of restitution of goods or good name.

Just as important, however, is the nature of the penitent as there is

no automatic tariff corresponding to certain sins.
Illustration by Bladimer Usi As far as possible a priest has to judge the spiritual weight of his
penitent before imposing a suitable penance. This usually becomes
clear through the manner of the confession itself. A person who has a
strong spiritual resonance as well as a solid Catholic formation is more
likely to benefit from penances such as reading Scripture, reciting
psalms, or performing pious practices.

When a person has less knowledge of the faith and is not habitu-
ated to cert ain practices such as the rosary, Via Crucis, or fasting, it is
By Fr. Jaime B. Achacoso, J.C.D. B. CANONICAL DEFINITION OF ASSENT garding teaching on faith and morals must be firmly probably better not to impose such penances as it is likely to lead to
AND PENALIZATION OF UNLAWFUL accepted and held, namely those things required frustration.
DISSENT. for the holy keeping and faithful exposition of the The rule that the penance should be able to be fulfilled before leav-
MY nephew graduated from a prestigious On 9 January 1989, the S.C. for the Doctrine deposit of faith; therefore, anyone who rejects propo- ing the church applies above all to this class of penitent. If the priest
Catholic university. Some years ago, when of the Faith published new formulas for the sitions which are to be held definitively sets him- thinks that the customary Hail Marys and Our Fathers are inadequate in
he was still in that institution, he cheerily Professio Fidei and the Iusiurandum self against the teaching of the Catholic Church. particular cases, then he could impose a doable but less formal pen-
ance. For example, he could tell the penitent to visit the Blessed Sacra-
announced over breakfast that his theology fidelitatis in suscipiendo officio nomine 3rd Category of truths: Finally, the formula ment, or an altar dedicated to Our Lady, for a certain amount of time
professor openly confessed in class that he Ecclesiae exercendo, which were approved by states: Moreover I adhere with submission of will and, in this climate of intimacy, to give thanks for the pardon received
was an atheist. His mother—my sister— the Roman Pontiff in a special Rescript dated and intellect to the teachings which either the Ro- and to ask help in overcoming a particular fault.
promptly took it up with the school authori- 19 September of that same year. The Professio man Pontiff or the College of Bishops enunciate
This last form of penance is often very beneficial to souls who have
ties, and she was told that indeed a good num- Fidei enumerates three specific kinds of when they exercise their authentic Magisterium, been away from confession for a long time and have been moved by
ber of the professors of the Theology Depart- propositions that the Magisterium teaches even if they do not intend to proclaim these teach- a particular grace to seek the sacrament.
ment of that university were avowed athe- and to which the believer is obliged to ad- ings by a definitive act. This paragraph has its
ists, but that it was part of academic freedom here. corresponding legislative expression in c.752 Sometimes the penance itself can be a source of conversion. There
is an old anecdote of a priest who overheard a group of lighthearted
to respect their views on that subject. My sis- 1st Category of truths: De fide credenda. The of the Code of Canon Law: A religious respect young men making a wager in which the loser had to go to confession.
ter was dumbfounded, since she had precisely formula states: With firm faith, I also believe ev- of intellect and will, even if not the assent of faith, With this knowledge the priest took his seat in the confessional and
put her son in a Catholic university to avoid erything contained in the Word of God, whether is to be paid to the teaching which the Supreme when the youth came to confess, the cleric imposed as a penance that
such erroneous ideas. I had forgotten this in- written or handed down in Tradition, which the Pontiff or the college of bishops enunciate on faith the boy go before the church’s large crucifix and repeat 20 times: “You
did this for me and I couldn’t care less.” At first the youth repeated it
cident but a more recent episode—this time Church either by a solemn judgment of by the or morals when they exercise the authentic
nonchalantly, and then more slowly and finally finished in tears. For
involving a niece in a Catholic school for ordinary and universal Magisterium sets forth to magisterium even if they do not intend to proclaim this young man this confession was the beginning of a journey of
girls—has moved me to seek clarification. be believed as divinely revealed. These are truths it with a definitive act; therefore the Christian faith- conversion that eventually led to his becoming archbishop of Paris.
From what I gathered from my sister, the definitively proposed by the Universal ful are to take care to avoid whatever is not in
religion teacher in that school told my niece’s Magisterium (either solemn or ordinary) to harmony with that teaching.
class that the CBCP’s position against contra- be believed as formally revealed—i.e., con- Since these teachings are not proposed de-
ception is just one position, and there are tained in the sources of Revelation. The faith- finitively, they do not enjoy the note of infal-
other Catholic positions on the matter. Does libility. It is this datum that has caused a num-
Canon Law not safeguard the teaching of ber of misconceptions, which we should
sound doctrine in Catholic institutions? From what I gathered clarify with the following observations:
“Guarding the deposit of the faith is the from my sister, the a) “Not infallible” is not equivalent to “fal-
mission which the Lord entrusted to his lible”. The note of infallibility is a precise
Church, and which she fulfills in every age.” 1 religion teacher in phenomenon—juridically determined—
This is part of the teaching office of the that school told my which has to do with the manner in which a
Church. However, the munus docendi—as the
above-recounted incidents would illustrate—
niece’s class that the teaching is proposed, and not directly about
the intrinsic truthfulness or certainty of the
would be seriously hampered were the ju- CBCP’s position teaching.
ridical system to lack the mechanisms to en-
force the propagation of the correct doctrine
against contraception b) “Not infallible” is not equivalent to
“questionable”. Faced with a teaching that
and to proscribe erroneous ones. Thus Canon is just one position, does not enjoy the note of infallibility, there
Law indeed contains the adequate juridic safe- and there are other is no reason for a Catholic to adopt a posture
guards for the authenticity of the Gospel of doubt or criticism, but rather one of posi-
message and its propagation. This safeguard- Catholic positions on tive acceptance, with the assurance that in this
ing is anchored on three institutions, which the matter. Does way he is serving the Church.
have enjoyed re-formulation in recent years.
Canon Law not safe- c) The contrary behavior is typified as a
delict—as pointed out earlier (cf. c.1371, 1º).
A. THE PROFESSIO FIDEI guard the teaching of Aside from an intellectual assent to the doc-
Historically, the requisite of a public pro-
fession of faith in specific circumstances finds
sound doctrine in trine, an assent of the will is required, mani-
fested by an external actuation in accord with
its origin in the first centuries of the Chris- Catholic institutions? it.
tian era—e.g., for the catechumens before d) The distinction between “infallible” and
baptism, and for priests and bishops before “simply authentic” Magisterium should not
their ordination. This public profession of ful are duty-bound to adhere to them with an be confused with the distinction between sol-
faith implied a formal manifestation of the act of faith in Revelation itself. This para- emn (extraordinary) and ordinary
Christian faith before the ecclesiastical au- graph appropriately confirms and is pro- Magisterium. This is the kind of formalistic
thority and according to the dispositions of vided for in c.750 of the present Code of error that tends to reduce infallibility to for-
Canon Law. Canon Law. mal solemnity without regard to the more
The present Code of Canon Law stipulates 2nd Category of truths: De fide tenenda. The important (substantial) note of definitive-
that the following persons are obliged to make a formula further states: I also firmly accept and ness.
profession of faith personally in accord with the hold each and everything definitively proposed by
formula approved by the Apostolic See (c.833): the Church regarding teaching on faith and mor- Conclusion
1. all persons who take part with either a als. This refers to teachings also definitively From the foregoing discussion, it is quite
deliberative or consultative vote in an ecu- proposed by the Magisterium, but not as for- clear that the theology professors in the
menical or particular council, in a synod of mally revealed—i.e., not as specifically con- Catholic university and the religion teacher
bishops, or in a diocesan synod; tained in the sources of Revelation. The faith- in the Catholic school for girls are in clear
2. those promoted to the sacred college of ful are obliged to give accept and hold these violation of Canon Law. The aggrieved par-
cardinals; truths—not insofar as these belong to Rev- ties—in this case any student, their parents
3. all persons promoted to the episcopacy elation, but insofar as they are being defini- or guardians—can bring the matter to the
and those equivalent to a diocesan bishop; tively proposed by the Church. It was for the attention of the competent ecclesiastical au-
4. the diocesan consultor; safeguarding of this category of truths that a thority, which in this case would be the Local
5. vicars general, episcopal vicars and vic- §2 was added to c.750 of the CIC 83 through Ordinary (or bishop of the diocese). Failing
ars judicial; the Motu Proprio Ad Tuendam of 1998. Thus, in that, they can raise the matter to the Holy
6. pastors, the rector of the seminary, the c.750 of the Code of Canon Law now consists See through the Papal Nuncio.
professors of theology and philosophy in of two paragraphs:
seminaries, those to be promoted to the or- 1. Those things are to be believed by divine (Footnotes)
der of deacons; and catholic faith which are contained in the word
7. the rector of an ecclesiastical or Catholic of God as it has been written or handed down by
1 John Paul II, Apost. Const. Fidei Depositum
university at the beginning of his term of tradition, that is, in the single deposit of faith en-
office, and teachers in any university who trusted to the Church, and which are at the same The typification of the corresponding delict was
also made by making the corresponding modifica-
teach disciplines which deal with faith or time proposed as divinely revealed either by the tions in c.1371, 1º to refer to the new c.750,§2:
morals (italics added for emphasis); solemn Magisterium of the Church, or by its ordi-
Canon 1371 — The following are to be punished with
8. the superiors in clerical religious insti- nary and universal Magisterium, which in fact is a just penalty:
tutes and societies of apostolic life, in accord manifested by the common adherence of Christ’s
1. a person who, apart from the case mentioned in
with the norms of the constitutions. faithful under the guidance of the sacred c.1364, §1, teaches a doctrine condemned by the Ro-
The Code was of course alluding to the Magisterium. All are therefore bound to avoid any man Pontiff, or by an Ecumenical Council, or obsti-
Professio Fidei extant at that time—promul- contrary doctrines. nately rejects the teachings mentioned in c.750, §2 or
gated by the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith 2. Furthermore, each and everything set forth in c.752 and, when warned by the Apostolic See or by
the Ordinary, does not retract.
in 1967. definitively by the Magisterium of the Church re-
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 Diocese B3

Diocese of
Diocese of Ma
of Mati
Ma ti
ON BACKGROUND: The Cathedral of San Nicolas de Tolentino. BELOW: Bishop Patricio H. Alo, DD.


By Fr. Celso Singson 1894; St. Francis Xavier Parish of Manay values) directed to the Basic Christian giving holy Communion.
in 1897; San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Communities (BCC or GKK), where the 5. Social Action Apostolate pro-
of Mati in 1937; St. Vincent Ferrer Parish family grows and nurtures her youth as vides the needy some IMPORTANT FACTS
THE early establishment and spiritual of Lupon in 1955; St. Francis Xavier Par- the future of the church. technical know-how in productive
growth of the Local Church of Davao ish of Gov. Generoso in 1963; San Isidro farming and other useful methods. Bishop ……....……………….. 1
Oriental can be traced to the early Chris- Labrador Parish of San Isidro in 1965; Ministries and Programs 6. The AD Jesum Development Priests:
Diocesan ……………..…..…. 37
tian Spanish missionaries who brought San Isidro Labrador Parish of Different field of ministries and pro- foundation greatly support our people
the Faith in this part of the country. The Banaybanay and San Pedro Claver Par- grams are established to nourish and who are in need to live a decent kind Filipino ……………….....….. 5
early evangelization began in 1848 by ish of Tarragona in 1982; San Nicolas de strengthen the faith, encourage lay par- of life by providing them some re- Foreigner ………………….. 1
the Augustinian Recollects. After their Tolentino Parish of Boston in 1986; Sto. ticipation and enhance community lead- sources (trainings and financial assis- Brothers ……………………. 2
presence the Jesuit missionaries fol- Rosario Parish of Brgy. Calapagan, ership in the Basic Ecclesial Communi- tance) to become self-sufficient. Sisters:
lowed in 1859 and served for almost a Lupon in 1993 and San Ignacio de Loyola ties. Thousands of lay volunteered cat- 7. Different movements in the Dio- Foreigner ..………………...….. 6
century. The Foreign Mission of Quebec Parish of Brgy. San Ignacio, Manay in echists are involved in school and chapel cese (CCRM, Neo-catechumenate, Filipino …………….....………. 2
Fathers came in 1958. The Maryknoll 1991; San Ignacio de Loyola Parish of catechesis. Basic Christian Community BLD, Couples for Christ-FFL and Seminarians:
Fathers and Brothers continued their Brgy. Luzon, Gov. Generoso in 1993; (BEC) leaders and lay ministers help the Global and others) catered the diver- Theology …………………….. 6
College …………….…………. 18
work in 1968 and contributed to a flour- Nuestra Senora de Guia Parish of Brgy clergy in carrying the diocesan vision sity of needs of our people in their
Pre-College ………………..... 7
ishing of vocations among the local Dawan, Mati in 1994; Sacred Heart Par- and mission. The young people in their quest to intensify their spiritual life. Diocesan Divisions:
people. The native clergy took over in ish of Brgy. Dahican, Mati in 1997; Sto. own ministry (diocesan youth 8. Mass Media through DXHM ra- Vicariates ……………………. 4
1978 although some Maryknoll Fathers Niño Parish of Brgy. Kinablangan, apostolate, DYA) are involved in church dio station and TCTV cable network Parishes ………………....…... 18
were still in the area until 1987. Baganga in 2000 and Divine Mercy Shrine services and liturgies. Lay social action foster on the evangelization of Educational Centers:
Parish of Madang, Mati in 2006. The Lo- workers help in the development of so- people. High School ………………….. 8
cal Church of Mati was under the juris- cial and health services. There are dif- Elementary ……………....…… 6
diction of the Ecclesiastical Province of ferent congregations of religious sisters Vision-Mission Population ………....…… 593,322
the Archdiocese of Cebu and later on, carrying out the administrations of The People of God in the Diocese Catholics ………………. 434,890
Area …………...….. 5,146 sq. kms.
the Archdiocese of Zamboanga before it Catholic schools and life witnessing of Mati, mature Christians, bravely

The Church of Mati was canonically erected as a Diocese on the 14th day of
December, 1984 with Most Rev. Patricio H. Alo, DD as the first Bishop. San Nicolas de
Tolentino Cathedral was made the official seat of the new diocese. It comprises the
entire civil jurisdiction of the whole province of Davao Oriental with 11 municipalities
and ecclesiastically divided into 18 parishes. At present, there are 37 diocesan
priests and six religious priests assisting the bishop in the administration of the
sacraments, pastoral and social needs of the diocese.

became a part of the Diocese of Tagum. through different kinds of ministries. celebrating faith and love, sincere people sufficiency, self-determination as dis-
And the Carmelite Nuns are unceasingly of service in both human and Christian ciples of Christ.
Canonical erection of Diocese praying for the success of the evangeli- aspects, more especially towards the 5. Launch a socio-political and eco-
The Church of Mati was canoni- zation in the Local Church of Mati. poor and oppressed for the sake of total nomic program to improve the life of
cally erected as a Diocese on the 14th liberation and salvation according to the the poor.
day of December, 1984 with Most Diocesan apostolate teaching of Jesus together with Mary, and 6. Concerned commitment as well as
Rev. Patricio H. Alo, DD as the 1. Family Life Apostolate Workers are pledging ourselves for Jesus Christ to defense of human rights and dignity
first Bishop. San Nicolas de active in the education and formation of do the following: without any discrimination as to reli-
Tolentino Cathedral was made young couples in their preparation for 1. To know and experience the life of gion, background and culture.
the official seat of the new dio- marriage and on-going formation for the Christ through the Holy Scriptures, in a 7. Form young people in meaningful
cese. It comprises the entire families. life of prayer, and meaningful liturgy and service to the church and community.
civil jurisdiction of the whole 2. Diocesan Youth Apostolate, (an or- proclaiming the Good News to others. 8. Continue evangelization of Indig-
province of Davao Oriental ganization of young people) are given 2. Ready to stand for a life in Christ enous people and respecting their cul-
with 11 municipalities and formation seminars on moral values, witnessing the Gospel and teachings of ture.
ecclesiastically divided into 18 sacraments and sports through Christ- the Church amidst false teaching that 9. Launch a meaningful program to
parishes. At present, there are 37 dioc- mas reunions and summer youth camps. deny God and attract towards material- protect, maintain and restore ecological
Evangelization of Davao Oriental esan priests and six religious priests as- 3. Catechists are leading the formation ism. balance.
Catholicism began its roots in Davao sisting the bishop in the administration of children on basic catechism in their 3. Strengthen the family so it may be- 10. Initiate a continued vocation pro-
Oriental with the establishment of El of the sacraments, pastoral and social preparation for first communion and come a small Church. gram for priests, religious and mission
Salvador del Mundo Parish of Caraga in needs of the diocese. confirmation and giving seminars for 4. Help one another in strengthening orientation.
1883, which was the first and oldest parents and children in Baptism, First the Basic Ecclesial Communities (BEC)
church in the area. Subsequently other Pastoral Thrust Communion and Confirmation. through continuous formation of lead- The Diocese of Mati believes that it is
parishes were established: Immaculate The Diocesan Pastoral Trust focuses on 4. Eucharistic Ministers (Kaabag) are ers and members so they may share and a church that continually renews towards
Conception Parish of Bangaga in 1885; Formation, based on Catechism (as the helping the priests in reaching out to make others share time, talent and trea- a total and integral salvation in Christ
St. James the Apostle Parish of Cateel in church teaches) and Education (on moral remote villages in evangelization and sure to acquire self-nourishment, self- and through his ways.

Lourdes / B1
template the sacred host, his glo- such people await his return more that was taking place. Everything the apparitions at Lourdes. Not far self into your hands; Father, I trust Beloved brothers and sisters,
rious transfigured and risen ardently; they await Jesus Christ developed in her in an astonish- from his body, stiffened by death, in you; Father, I abandon myself day pilgrims and inhabitants of
Body, we contemplate what we who must come again. ing way.” there lay, like the grain of wheat to you; Father, do with me what these valleys, brother Bishops,
shall contemplate in eternity, When, on the day after her first With Pierre-Julien Eymard and cast upon the earth, the lunette you will; whatever you may do, I priests, deacons, men and women
where we shall discover that the communion, a friend of Bernadette, we invoke the wit- containing the Blessed Sacrament thank you; thank you for every- religious, all of you who see be-
whole world has been carried by Bernadette asked her: “What ness of countless men and women which Brother Charles adored thing; I am ready for all, I accept fore you the infinite abasement
its Creator during every second made you happier: your first saints who had the greatest love every day for many a long hour. all; I thank you for all. Let only of the Son of God and the infinite
of its history. Each time we con- communion or the apparitions?” for the holy Eucharist. Nicolas Father de Foucauld has given us a your will be done in me, Lord, let glory of the Resurrection, remain
sume him, but also each time we Bernadette replied, “they are two Cabasilas cries out to us this prayer from the depths of his only your will be done in all your in silent adoration of your Lord,
contemplate him, we proclaim things that go together, but can- evening: “If Christ dwells within heart, a prayer addressed to our creatures, in all your children, in our Master and Lord Jesus Christ.
him until he comes again, not be compared. I was happy in us, what do we need? What do Father, but one which, with Jesus, all those whom your heart loves, Remain silent, then speak and tell
“donec veniat”. That is why we both” (“Emmanuélite Estrade,” 4 we lack? If we dwell in Christ, we can in all truth make our own I wish no more than this, O Lord. the world: we cannot be silent
receive him with infinite respect. June 1958). She made this testi- what more could we desire? He in the presence of the sacred host: Into your hands I commend my about what we know. Go and tell
Some of us cannot—or cannot mony to the Bishop of Tarbes in is our host and our dwelling- “‘Father, into your hands I com- soul; I offer it to you, Lord, with the whole world the marvels of
yet—receive Him in the Sacra- regard to her first communion: place. Happy are we to be his mend my spirit.’ This was the last all the love of my heart, for I love God, present at every moment of
ment, but we can contemplate “Bernadette behaved with im- home! What joy to be ourselves prayer of our Master, our Be- you, and so need to give myself our lives, in every place on earth.
Him with faith and love and ex- mense concentration, with an at- the dwelling-place of such an in- loved… May it also be our own in love, to surrender myself into May God bless us and keep us,
press our desire finally to be tention that left nothing to be habitant!” prayer, and not only at our last your hands, without reserve, and may he lead us on the path of eter-
united with Him. This desire has desired … she appeared pro- Blessed Charles de Foucauld moment, but at every moment in with boundless confidence, for nal life, he who is Life, for ever
great value in God’s presence: foundly aware of the holy action was born in 1858, the very year of our lives: Father, I commit my- you are my Father.” and ever. Amen.
CBCP Monitor
B4 Features Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Fr. Luis P. Supan

The Question Box Commitment of the

Questions on
Laity in public life
Population Control
What does the Reproductive Health Bill aim to achieve?

The Bill is presented by its proponents as the panacea for

“unwanted pregnancies”, teenage pregnancies, abortions, and
maternal health problems. The proposed panacea is the usual
concoction of aggressive promotion of sex education and contra-
ceptive use—measures that, in whatever country they were
adopted, have unfailingly produced the opposite results.

What is the fundamental error of the State in its campaigns

to promote contraceptive practices when its intention is to
avoid “unwanted pregnancies” among its citizens?

These campaigns fail because the State looks at pregnancies as

diseases that have to be avoided, and yet no normal person sees
new human life that way. Millions of pesos used for media
propaganda by the State will not convince a married couple that
their child is a liability. This is why State-orchestrated campaigns
against population growth can show apparent success only if they
are accompanied by deception. Yes, the State is obliged to
intervene in the control of the spread of AIDS (e.g., by controlling
sexual promiscuity), because that is a matter of public health; but it
has absolutely no right to tell its citizens: “You have too many
children—they are a burden to society; so, take the pill or have
yourselves ligated”. Some mothers ended up agreeing to be ligated
after hearing these words from the physicians attending to them as
they laid in the delivery rooms of government hospitals.

Does the State have the competence to give the so-called

“sex education” to its citizens, in particular, to children and
the youth?

No, it does not. The duty and the right to provide “sex education” By Dr. Linda T. Tacorda, Ph.D. divergent”.4 Biennial conventions
belong to parents. The Reproductive Health Bill will usurp that Also, the PCL must help bring about a “cur- Every two years, LAIKO organizes a na-
primary right of parents. The outcome will be young people experts rent” within the “living organism” of the tional assembly of Laiko leader-representa-
in sexual acts and contraceptive methods, but deprived of moral DID you know that there was a time the Church through which the head and the mem- tives of its affiliate members. Either they are
knowledge on the meaning of human sexuality. What the Bill intends
Council of the Laity was not existing among bers will be closely united in the same love from the national lay organizations, move-
to do in the field of sex education is not only morally abhorrent, but
also contrary to the basic principles of child psychology and the dicasteries of Vatican? Who started it? for Christ the Savior, where the children’s ments or private associations of lay faithful,
education. The Pontifical Council for the Family issued in 1994 the When? How? concerns will be known to the Father and or Diocesan Councils of the Laity.
document The Truth and Meaning of Human Sexuality, containing shared by him while the Father’s words will We revisit the themes, with resolutions and
the principles and guidelines of educating children and young A short history recall be heard by all its children, understood and action plans resulting therefrom. The trajec-
people—within the family environment—on human sexuality.
Due to the renewal brought about by put into practice.5 tory of resolutions begs for an honest assess-
Why is the moral guidance of parents necessary in Vatican Council II in the 60s, there was a re- ment as well as recaptures the intense desire
educating the youth on human sexuality? vamp of the entire office structures in the The PCL and the Sangguniang Laiko ng to effect needed changes. The themes chosen
Holy See. The reform of the Roman curia was Pilipinas are from the current topics%issues affecting the
This is not a “Church teaching”—it is rather a truth that any normal
human being (of whatever religion) can reach. All that the Church implementing the Apostolic constitution What is the connection between the inter- people, the society, the government, which the
has done is to defend and apply it. In this area of education, the Regimini Ecclesiae universae dated 15 August national Pontifical Council for the Laity to Church and CBCP, in particular need to guide
role of parents is primary and non-transferable, the above- 1967. Among the new dicasteries created was Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philip- the faithful, addressing them according to the
mentioned document says. It is from the parents’ example that the Pontifical Council for the Laity (PCL) 1. (Ac- pines’ (CBCP) Sangguniang Laiko ng Pilipinas? Social Doctrines of the Church.
children understand what it means to respect the opposite sex;
what modesty is all about, what it means to be male and female. It tually this PCL originated from a proposal If PCL is to the Roman Curia, Laiko is to
is to the parents that children must turn for advice as they go formulated in par. 26 of Vatican Council II CBCP. The constituent sections correspond- Themes and topics of Conventions
through the natural processes of physical and psychological decree titled Apostolicam actuositatem on the ing to areas or tasks concern coordinating/ In 1999, the theme chosen was “Christian
growth. Uprooted from its link with the family, “sex education” apostolate of the laity. Its birth was made networking with movements and associa- Stewardship%Renewing Social and Economic
degenerates to “sex information”. Since the sexual instinct is as
strong as the instinct for self-preservation, it loses its meaning and official by Pope Paul VI with his motu propio tions of the lay faithful; youth ministry; Order.” The speakers discussed topics on how
purpose if it is guided mainly by information and little moral forma- titled Catholicam Christi Ecclesiam (6 January women’s vocation and mission of the PCL is to Combat Drug abuse; Empower the Poor;
tion. 1967). At the end of the experimental five true to the local Episcopal Conference. CBCP and Preserve the Integrity of Creation. Con-
years, the Pope declared: No one can fail to see has added a component focused on family vention resolutions were along the levels of
In opposing the Reproductive Health Bill, is the Church
that the Laity Council is destined to have a privi- and life ministry. the family, the youth, the Church of the Fu-
ignoring the health concerns related to pregnancy that
women face? leged place within the Church.2 Ten years later, However, the observation is while the dif- ture; on poverty urban and rural poor.
on 10 December 1976 with another motu prop- ferent ministries are well clustered under the In 2001, the theme was “Duc In Altum Meet-
Certainly not. The truth is that the Church strongly opposes the Bill rio titled Apostolatus peragendi , Paul VI re- Department for Lay Formation, CBCP has not ing the Challenge of the Philippine Church”.
precisely because the promotion of the use of contraceptive pills,
formed it and included it among the perma- provided or assigned at least a rotating coor- The topics dwelt on Integral Faith-formation;
Intra-uterine devices (IUD’s), injectable contraceptives have been
proved to be health hazards to women. What the Church is trying nent dicasteries of the Roman Curia. dinator or teams to monitor if not encourage Lay Empowerment towards social transfor-
to do is to help our legislators be consistent with their good Today, its basic competence and structure collective effort and support besides common mation; and Family as a focal point of Evan-
intentions—if they are sincerely after the good health of mothers, are defined in the context of the Apostolic direction. gelization
then they have to ban the use of those contraceptive methods. The In 2003, there was the National Conference
huge budget to finance the buying of contraceptives could, instead, Constitution Pastor Bonus on the Roman Cu-
be used for the primary health care of mothers and infants— ria, of 28 June 1988.3 Commitment of LAIKO in Public Life6 on Social Transformation (held in Philippine
nutrition and hygiene training, for instance. It has been the The same document tells us that within the What is right with our nation? I thought this International Convention Center) with the
experience of rural physicians that they would have an oversupply secretariat, there are sections whose tasks kind of question can provoke curiosity rather theme: “Behold… I make all things new” (Rev
of contraceptives but a lack of antibiotics and re-hydration tablets. 21, 5). The topics discussed focused on Educa-
concern, respectively: International move- than the usual one: “What is wrong with our
What should be kept in mind when we deal with matters ments and associations of the lay faithful; The country? “If we dare ask, What is right with our tion, Local Governance, Business, and Basic
related to human life—from its conception up to its natural vocation and mission of women in Church nation? And also ask, Has LAIKO contributed Ecclesial Community.
end? and society; and Youth ministry. to its betterment somehow? This Conference highlighted the mandate
What then are the lay faithful’s role in a of the Laity whose task and responsibility is
These matters should be approached with a spirit of reverence and
of humility of heart—reverence before God, the source and master Two-fold fruitful approach of John Paul II changing world, in issues that affect us in the primarily to make our Church an active front-
of human life; humility of heart because this enables us to conquer Pope John Paul II saw to it that a two-fold, Local Church and in society in general? Re- line participant servant-leader in the social,
pride that insinuates to us this thought: “I am the master of my life indivisible and fruitful approach is basic to alities like: a) the increasing jobless popula- political and cultural transformation of this
and my body; God has no business telling me what I do with my the PCL service. This is expressed, thus: “We tion; b) the increasing incidence of natural country.
have to realize that the laity can only be rightfully disasters; c) the inroads of technology and In 2003, the theme was “The Laity Taking
Pope John Paul II wrote the encyclical Evangelium Vitae. If only our understood in the light of an ecclesiology of com- instant communication; d) the world energy on the Challenge in Transforming Society.”
national leaders and lawmakers could go over it (Cf. munion and mission and with reference to the con- crisis; e) the migration of overseas workers Held in Tagaytay City, the topics discussed, they would easily understand the uncompromis- crete situations existing in the world.” affecting family life; f) the political gover- by speakers were: Education the liberating
ing stand of the Church on life issues. So many present social ills
could have been avoided had our national leaders paid heed to the So that the role of PCL is to promote “the nance tainted with corruption; g) the dearth and equalizing effect of education to a trans-
moral guidelines of our spiritual pastors. interrelationship of the apostolate of the laity with of formed lay leaders for wholesome collabo- forming society; Business Doing and Being
that of the Hierarchy: two forces which it is impos- ration with the parish priest/s in the com- Good, a corporate responsibility; Governance
sible, in the constitution of the Church, to imagine munity, etc. Laity / B7

A NATIVE of Bohol, Most Rev. Emmanuel Cabajar was ordained bishop of Pagadian on August 14, 2004 in Cebu City. Currently the
Chairman of the Episcopal Commission on Culture, the bishop is keen in the promotion of peace and cultural exchange among
Christians and Muslims in Mindanao. In this issue of CBCP Monitor, he talks about the lack of transparency of the GRP-MILF accord
and the creation of Catholic Cultural Centers in his diocese, the diocesan programs on social concerns, the signature drive against
reproductive health bill in Congress, and the diocesan initiatives against environmental destruction.

QUESTIONS Most Rev. Emmanuel T. Cabajar, CSsR, D.D.

I am in town. But that has nothing to do Pagadian itself. Practically all the coastal are livelihood and livestock initiatives children who are abused, not infre-
with my being the Chairperson of the areas are included. I have not been aware such as the Carabao dispersal program. quently within the family circle.
ECC. We have organized a Mindanao of that before this. There is a lot of ques- Government health services are far from Hopefully, this program will pro-
wide conference on the impact of media tioning regarding the process and its adequate and so we have the Commu- gressively coordinate/collaborate
on family life and values. That turned transparency. Many like me are shocked nity Based Health Program (CBHP) in with the RGS sisters, who are now in
out to be quite good and it is hoped that to know the extent of the claim. place. There will always be beggars the process of building a ‘Home for
we can duplicate that in the Visayas and among the urban poor. We have tried to Hope’ which will be devoted to giv-
Luzon. Steps are being taken to achieve How does the diocese implement its so- centralize our response to this in the city ing shelter to and helping at differ-
that. The commission is trying to encour- cial concerns program to help alleviate the and so we have created the social con- ent levels abused women and chil-
age the creation of Catholic Cultural plight of the poor especially in this time cerns desk to cater for the poor and indi- dren.
Centers. These can provide the space, of rising prices of prime commodities? gent in the city. The four city parishes
venue, occasion for making the gospel The economic gains, which the gov- have pledged to provide personnel and The issue on reproductive health is
As the current Chairperson of the meaningful in our varied cultures or sub- ernment claims the country has achieved, a monthly contribution to fund this currently taking the Church by
Episcopal Commission on Culture, cultures in the country. But am sure that do not really trickle down to the rural newly formed Social Concerns Desk. storm because of its adverse effects
what programs are you undertaking can also promote cultural exchange poor. These are the farmers that com- on the sanctity of life. How does the
to promote cultural exchange among among the different faith and cultural prise the main bulk of the population in One of the programs of the diocese re- diocese educate the people on the
Christians and Muslims? traditions. Pagadian. They continue to live in de- lated to social concerns is the Sabakan issue?
Every last Monday of the month humanizing poverty and insecurity. program. Can you explain what this pro- Our main arm for this issue is the
we hold an interfaith meeting com- Is the diocese part of the GRP-MILF ac- Through its social action program the gram is all about? FLA which organizes seminars or
posed of Muslims, Subanens, and cord? What is your take on this issue? diocese tries to address the issue of pov- Sabakan is involved in the education for discussions related to family life.
Christians (Catholic and UCCP). The It was only after the briefing organized erty through education as well as of women, men and the family. Much of At this time however, what is of ur-
meeting usually comprises two by the BUC in Davao City on 11th Au- through technical and financial support its work is concerned with advocacy and gent concern to us is the bill being
parts. The first is faith sharing while gust that I realized how much more ex- that it shares with the farmers, either as the promotion of human rights, espe- pushed in Congress that may have
the second is devoted to addressing tensive is the proposal with regard to cooperatives/groups or as individuals. cially those of women and children. grave implications and adverse ef-
socio, cultural, economic, moral is- the Diocese of Pagadian. It includes Much emphasis is given to sustainable Sabakan puts particular attention to fects on family life. In last month’s
sues. I join these meetings whenever about 15 municipalities and the city of agriculture and organic farming. There documenting and helping women and
7 Questions / B7
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 Statements B5

Blessed are the peacemakers

(Mt: 5-9)
MY dear brothers and sisters in Christ,
Peace be with you!
Peace is a greeting. Peace is a salutation. Peace is a blessing.
Peace is a gift from God. Blessed are the peacemakers for they
shall be called children of God. Jesus said to his disciples, “I
leave you peace, my peace I give you.” It’s a peace that the
world cannot give. It’s a peace that the world cannot under-
stand. We cry in anguish for peace! We pray for peace.
Our term of peace is very much different from that of God.
We want peace but we go to war. We secure peace so we take
up arms. We negotiate for peace so we build fortresses. We
seek peace but we are influenced by our fears and biases. We
cry for peace but we become hostile. We pray for peace but we
hate. We fight for peace so we kill. This must not be our way.

© Photo courtesy of RCAM

Peace loving people and people of good will are the sincere
arbiters of peace. Let us unite to bring peace and go beyond the
conflicts, tensions, and anxieties stemming from fear and armed
conflict. We must stand and demand for permanent peace. Peace
by all and for all. Genuine and lasting peace for us, Filipinos,
Natives, Muslims, or Christians. Peace for Mindanao, a place
where Lumads, Muslims, and Christians can settle in peace, har-
mony, in dialogue, understanding, respect, and reconciliation.

Rufino Jiao Cardinal

Recently, peace is under attack and the wounds of inter-
ethnic’s strife marking the history of Mindanao in the mid-70’s
and 90’s is showing its ugly face. It is in times like this when
the all-too-much sentiments of anger, fear, hatred and confu-
sion are lumped together, that we urgently appeal to both our

Santos, 100 years

Muslim and Christians communities to stay calm, vigilant,
and work together to protect peace and provide security by
preventing atrocious attacks and looting from rebels driven
by the orgy of madness and violence. We cannot allow peace
and peace process to be held hostage by armed group who are
resolved to perpetuate armed conflict.
Peace is elusive as of now. No peace when fear and fighting
(Homily delivered by His Eminence Gaudencio B. Cardinal Rosales, Archbishop of Manila, during the
escalates. No peace when people are insecure and displaced. No
Mass in celebration of the 100th birth anniversary of the late Rufino J. Cardinal Santos, the second peace when our hearts is filled with bigotry, prejudices, dis-
Filipino Archbishop of Manila and the first Filipino Cardinal, on August 26, 2008 at the Immaculate criminations, retaliations, anger and resentments. No peace when
Conception Parish Church in Guagua, Pampanga.) violence rules, persons are frightened and violated, lives are
loss and properties damaged. No peace when there is no cessa-
ONE hundred years ago today, Rufino Jiao At the eve of the Holy Year of 1950 (De- need of shelter for transiting elders. This was tion of hostilities. No peace when there is the vicious exchange
Santos was born in the little barrio of Santo cember 1949) Bishop Rufino J. Santos was the reason for building the Pope Pius XII of firing and shooting between the offenders and defenders. No
Niño in the town of Guagua, Pampanga. It appointed Bishop-Administrator of the Dio- Catholic Center at United Nations Avenue peace at all, only a lull, a deadening silence, and the demon of
had to be Pampanga, known historically as cese of Lipa shortly after Lipa’s second Local in the 60’s. The vision turned out to be both
one of the most religious provinces in the Ordinary, Bishop Alfredo Versoza retired. prophetic and practical. Recently, peace is under attack and the
country that must play host to the young and The Batangas parishes were then also slowly Rebuilt from the ashes of Manila’s destruc- wounds of inter-ethnic’s strife marking the
receptive person of Rufino, the first Filipino rising up from the destruction wrought by tion during the last war was the Cathedral of history of Mindanao in the mid-70’s and 90’s
Cardinal, born to Gaudencio Santos and the last war. But short though was his epis- the Immaculate Conception in Intramuros at is showing its ugly face. It is in times like this
Rosalia Jiao on 26 August 1908. The fact that copal ministry in Batangas, Bishop Rufino the Consecration of which Archbishop when the all-too-much sentiments of anger,
Rufino had eight other siblings spoke well of Santos restructured the Lipa Diocesan Major Rufino invited the Arch/Bishops of Asia to fear, hatred and confusion are lumped to-
his upbringing which welcomed the wealth Seminary by inviting the Congregation of Manila on December 8, 1958. Soon the sense gether, that we urgently appeal to both our
of character born of multiple versions of fra- the Immaculate Conception of Mary (CICM), of history of this prelate dictated that centu- Muslim and Christian communities to stay
ternal relating, understanding and forgiving. better known as the “Belgian priests” in or- ries-old Archbishop’s Residence (Residencia calm, vigilant, and work together to protect
Judged today as too young to enter the der to teach Philosophy and Theology at the del Arzobispo) should be reconstructed at peace and provide security by preventing
seminary at the age of thirteen, the vacillat- Lipa Theologate. Arzobispo Street, the home of all Archbish- atrocious attacks and looting from rebels
ing options of youth were healthily balanced Not long after the death of Archbishop ops of Manila since 1581. For three and a half driven by the orgy of madness and violence.
in the young Rufino by his determination to Gabriel Reyes, successor to Archbishop centuries the Episcopal residence (earlier We cannot allow peace and peace process to
pursue a vision in called Palacio Del be held hostage by armed group who are
the future of the Arzobispo) was at resolved to perpetuate armed conflict.
Priest in the manner Cardinal Rufino Intramuros. The lot
of Jesus Christ and Santos’ concern in Mandaluyong, war may ferociously strike again. No peace, but it doesn’t stop
a profound spiritual called Villa San us to urgently seek peace, the path of peace, and to pursue it.
life as a Christian. for the Church Miguel, was bought What now of peace? Shall we give the name of peace to a
From the old San went beyond the only after the de- truce, to a mere laying down of arms, or keeping or register-
ing arms for self-defense. Is it an arrogant exercise of power or
Carlos Seminary in
Mandaluyong he
needs of the structions of war to
provide temporary authority? Is it an external order based on violence and fear? Is
was sent for further Archdiocese of residence for the it a temporary balance of forces, or a trial of strength consist-
studies to Rome Manila to the Archbishop of Ma-
nila who held office
ing in the immobile tension of rival powers? Can we call it a
political script and the game of the generals? (Montalbo, M.B.,
where he earned a
Doctorate in Sacred needs of other in Tayuman. Fr., The Church Speaks on Peace, 1990, p. 36). I have my doubts
Theology and a Li- churches and Cardinal Rufino and my anxiety increases. Peace, we pray and pray, we must.
centiate in Canon Santos’ concern for Peace is the courage to deal with the travails of peace and the
Law. Ordained the universal the Church went hope to carry on with faith in times like this.
priest on 31st Octo- Church. beyond the needs of What is badly needed for peace are conversion and recon-
ber 1931 he first the Archdiocese of ciliation and healings! It is not enough to suspend war and
served as Parochial Manila to the needs conflicts, to impose truces and armistices, to define boundaries
Vicar of the parish of other churches and relationships, to create sources of common interests; it is
of our Lady of the and the universal not enough to paralyze the possibility of radical strife through
Pillar in Imus, Church. RADIO the terror of suffering and destruction. Progress must be made
Cavite and later as VERITAS (Asia) was towards a Peace which is loved, free and just, founded on the
the Parish Priest of one big example. reconciliation of hearts and healing of the spirit (Montalbo,
St. Michael the R A D I O M.B., Fr., The Church Speaks on Peace, 1990, p. 53). It is there-
Archangel Parish in Marilao, Bulacan. Michael O’ Doherty, Bishop VERITAS”Asia be- fore imperative for communities of Christians, Muslims and
In 1934 then Father Rufino Santos was ap- Rufino Santos was appointed longs to all the Lumads, led by their respective religious leaders, to bring about
pointed superintendent of religious instruc- Archbishop of Manila (March 25, Catholic Archbish- durable and lasting peace through integrity of mind and heart,
tion in the Archdiocese of Manila. It was at 1953). Seven years later Pope, ops and Bishops of a way to reconciliation and peace, repentance and forgiveness.
that time when lay catechists were trained now, Blessed John XXIII, ap- Asia, but the good This process bolstered by a sincere and genuine political and
and later organized as volunteer religious pointed him member of the Col- Cardinal offered not socio-economic reforms and projects can bring peace and de-
instructors in order to teach catechism in lege of Cardinals in the only large tracts of velopment to our people suffering from strife and fear due to
many public, non-sectarian schools and even Consistory of March 31, 1960. land for both the an- armed conflict. It is strongly recommended to make this rec-
in the parish churches for traditional Several milestones marked tenna farms and the onciliation and healing process a top priority now or during
catechetical Sunday schools in the afternoon. his Episcopal ministry in the studio centers. He the Mindanao Week of Peace celebration starting November
The three and a half years of Japanese oc- Local Church of Manila or the offered Manila Arch- 27 until December 3 and beyond (A joint statement of Bishops-
cupation during the Second World War were Archdiocese of Manila. These diocese, as PREIC (a Ulama Conference, 6 August 2008, General Santos City).
not only difficult times; they ended violently achievements were in the areas legal body giving Henri Nouwen in his book, the Road to Peace, challenged us
with the massacre of more than 100,000 inno- of Priestly Formation, the care identity to the entire peacemakers who embraced the gospel’s spirituality of peace-
cent civilians and the near-complete destruc- for the less fortunate and the evangelization making. In our struggle for peacemaking he challenged us to
tion of the city of Manila (second only to War- expert management of the broadcasting unit as deepen our roots and anchor it in a contemplative spirit and
saw in Poland) including the killings of Church’s resources. the property) that prayerful life. “One of the reasons why so many of us devel-
priests, religious brothers and sisters. The Faithful to his responsibility comes from the oped strong reservations for peacemaking is precisely because
image of total destruction of the city rightly to care for the training of priests, Church. Without we do not [possess] the peace we seek in us as peacemakers
belonged to Intramuros where the Arch- the new Archbishop took a seri- this vision of the ourselves. Often we are fearful, angry, bitter, resentful, trying
bishop of Manila resided. ous step to make changes in the administra- Cardinal Archbishop Rufino Santos, who to convince people of the urgency of our protest or appeal,” he
Towards the end of the Japanese war the tion of Manila’s Metropolitan major Semi- worked for the Radio as Manila-based and not said. Thus it is an irony that we peacemakers often reveal more
slightest suspicion of helping underground nary. From the hands of the Spanish-speak- located somewhere at the Indian Sub-Conti- of the demons we are fighting than the peace we want to bring.
guerillas or imprisoned Americans at UST ing Vincentian priests (CM), Archbishop nent, possibly New Delhi, there could not have St. Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of peace, long ago has this
was threatened with imprisonment. The Arch- Rufino Santos surprisingly entrusted the en- been Radio Veritas that we know today, and spiritual advice to us, “While you are proclaiming peace with
bishop of Manila, Archbishop Michael tire San Carlos Seminary (at the newly built the Word of God in Jesus would not still be your lips,” he said, “be careful to have it more fully in your heart.”
O’Doherty, in February 1944, was suspected seminary at Highway 54, now EDSA) to the heard in many Asian counties. Our pilgrimage to peace is one of friends and not of hostile
and threatened with imprisonment. The Rev- English-speaking CICM (Belgian) priests And like all prophets and teachers he had factions inciting hostility between each other. Though we be-
erend Father Rufino J. Santos, secretary of whom he brought to Manila from the Dioc- his own generous share of sufferings. The long to different classes and tribes, we must band together for
the Archbishop of Manila, intervened, and esan Major Seminary of Lipa (1954). Cardinal was many times maligned and mis- peace, listen to God’s call of peace, promoting the culture of
before the investigators he owned that it was Still on priestly formation, the establish- understood. He had his crosses to bear. And peace through dialogue and respect, praying for peace, acting
he who handled the money and made the ment of the Pontifical Philippine College he lived by what he heard from the Master, for peace, resolutely and ceaselessly seeking peace, pursuing
donations to the poor and the prisoners. He (Pontificio Collegio Filippino) in Rome was “Whoever does not take up his cross and fol- it, beating the instruments of war into plowshares of integral
saved the Archbishop of Manila from the through the initiative and principal support low me is not worthy of me.” (Matthew 10:38). development” (Is. 2:4, CBCP, Seek Peace, Pursue it! 31 January
Japanese, but the young Father Rufino was of Archbishop Rufino Santos through the Aside from those who made themselves 1990, Tagaytay City).
immediately arrested and imprisoned in the Archdiocese of Manila in 1961. enemies, there were many who did not know We commend out efforts for peace to our loving Blessed
dungeons of Fort Santiago and later was sen- In the concern for the needy Cardinal Rufino that the archbishop was seriously ailing. He Mother, Our Lady of Peace, whose birthday we are celebrating
tenced to death. It was only the timely ar- Santos trail-blazed in the pursuit of care for the was an advanced diabetic patient, and fur- today. Because she believed and kept God’s Word, she brought
rival of the American liberating forces that less fortunate by establishing Catholic Chari- ther unknown to others, a malign brain tu- forth into our world by the power of the Spirit the Prince of
freed Manila of Japanese soldiers that also ties that gathered all forms of help for the poor. mor, the size of a tennis ball, was increas- Peace, Jesus the Lord. May the Lord guide our feet into the way
saved Father Rufino Santos from death. Guided by the unerring motive of love it was ingly pressing his brains. of peace (Lk 1:79). May the grace and peace from God our Fa-
Appointed as Auxiliary Bishop to Arch- to no one’s surprise that Catholic Charities ef- On 3 September 1973 Rufino Cardinal ther and the Lord Jesus Christ be yours. (1 Cor 1:3)
bishop O’Doherty at the age of 38 years, the ficiently metamorphosed into what is now Santos returned to God. So many knew him
Reverend Father Rufino was ordained Bishop Caritas Manila, fifty three-years after. only the way he looked, but so very few saw MOST REV. ELENITO GALIDO, DD
at the Church of Santissimo Rosario of UST From the immediate need of a residence him the way he was before God. For such a Local Ordinary
on 24 October 1947. In many capacities, Bishop for young students (both male and female) man who served both God and men faith- Diocese of Iligan
Rufino J. Santos was the closest collaborator from the provinces, Cardinal Santos saw fur- fully, even in pain, let us pause for God’s Bless- September 8, 2008
to Archbishop Michael O’ Doherty. ther than students’ needs to the larger future ings and beg for His Peace!
CBCP Monitor
B6 Reflections Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Illustration by Bladimer Usi

Fr. Roy Cimagala

THANKS to the sustained efforts through the years to promote family plan-
ning and population control, now dubbed as reproductive health, the world
is practically wrapped in a seemingly invincible contraceptive mentality.
Depending on where one’s faith lies, whether in us or in God, this contra-
ceptive mentality is regarded as a blessing or a curse. I, for the meantime,
consider it a maker of fiction, much like the world of the Kung Fu Panda.
Of course, its consequences are now manifest. But then again, depending
on one’s viewpoint, their reading and interpretations can vary widely. There
are those who say there is now a sharp decline in population growth rate in
many countries. This is good news to some, but bad news to others.
As in…due to this decline, some countries are now facing aging and pos-
sible extinction. In fact, a recent US census observes that by 2040, the whites
in that country will be a minority. The whites are not reproducing enough.
Others have gone a bit wilder by claiming that due to overpopulation, we
have what is now called as global warming. It looks like we are in a wild goose
chase in making some sense out of the data related to the population issue.
In our country, the recent move to approve the reproductive health bill is

God gifts
actually a clever effort to make this contraceptive mentality even more domi-
nant while giving an opening to abortion. That’s the bare bones of the bill.
It is banked on the assumption that there is widespread poverty and igno-
rance in sex and reproduction, and that so-called women’s reproductive rights
be accorded almost unconditional accommodation.
This is the contraceptive mentality at work. Its controlling logic does not
stop until no one’s left in the world. Or until its proponents achieve what
they consider as their heaven here on earth. To them there’s nothing super-
natural about heaven at all.
This contraceptive mentality is now so pervasive that even in the Church
25th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Mt. 20: 1-16a, Sept. 21, 2008)
itself, its claws and fangs are also showing. Some circles are touting the idea
of mainstreaming the natural family planning methods. By Msgr. Rigoberto S. quite easily complain: “Un- My way! My own! My parish my own” as against the ten-
Nothing wrong there, except that they seem not contented with making de Guzman fair! That’s unfair! Life is so as my kingdom! The attitude dency to give, share with and
natural family planning as an adjunct to the doctrine of responsible parent- unfair!” The standard judg- of PRIDE as I assume the role distribute to others as well.
hood. It has to be the core and essence of responsible parenthood. ment of the world, “Ano ba of God, bearing fruit in the sin Stinginess as against lavish-
Oh yes, they still do a lot of lip service to the official Church line on WHEN read the parable for ‘yan! ‘Yun pang mga tamad at of greed, and even envy. “I ness.
responsible parenthood. But the theory is hardly translated into practice. In the first time, what feelings tambay ang ginagantimpalaan… am not just servant or a stew- The landowner is said to be
practice, all efforts are focused in teaching everyone, at the slightest excuse, emerge? Whose side do you Dapat binabalewala na lang ang ard, I AM the owner!” “I have a type of our generous and
the skills of natural family planning. take? mga tamad at tambay na ‘yan!” been serving this parish for a gracious Lord. The Lord is not
Natural family planning has become in effect a part of the contraceptive At first glance, one tends to But when one reads the long time—longer than any- only a God of justice and
mentality. It’s not anymore a living component of a couple’s effort to prac- identify more with laborers parable over and over again body else and I don’t get the laws—period! He is also a
tice responsible parenthood and conjugal chastity, to be resorted to when “who bore the whole day’s and tries to understand the recognition I deserve! To God of mercy, compassion
conditions warrant it. burden and the heat.” They side of the landowner, a much make matters worse, the par- and unimaginable generos-
It has become a kind of Catholic-approved method to achieve family plan- worked longer. They exerted deeper level surfaces. Was he ish priest listens to those ity… Do we rejoice that the
ning, birth and population control, and now reproductive health. more effort. They logged in really unfair and unjust? If Johnnies—come-lately more Lord is a generous and gra-
In fact, chastity is hardly mentioned, if ever, in the modules that I so far more hours of work. And then so, how? “Did I cheat you? than he listens to me… Un- cious God? Or do we want a
have heard. It’s skills on how to determine the fertile and infertile periods of they get the same compensa- Did you not agree with me fair!” God according to our own
a woman, or the safe and unsafe period to make love. Any chastity talk is tion as the ones who worked for the usual daily wage? Am I really serving God image with the same shallow,
supposed to already intrude the sanctity of personal conscience. only for an hour or so. What’s What if I wish to give this last and the Church or am I only narrow and parochial stan-
A priest promoting it had the gumption to say that in his parish, made up going on? one the same as you? Am I serving myself? dards who will think and
mostly of poor couples, he pities them because every time he talks about In the words of 366 Days not free to do as I wish with Do you notice the contrast judge the way most people
responsible parenthood, the people just bow down in shame because they with the Lord of St. Paul’s my own money?” in orientation between the do?
know, according to him, that they are not following the Church teaching. Publication, “if Jesus were There is a problem when first laborers and the land- Despite the many prob-
The priest’s conclusion was to teach them natural family planning. It did not telling the parable… for the the workers seemed to claim owner in the parable? lems we face and the many
occur to him to step up on his teaching about the practical aspects of conjugal first time in today’s media, the landowner’s money as The laborers expected and mistakes we make, the Lord
chastity. I suppose it’s far easier to teach natural family planning than to go there would most likely be their own, not his. There is a wanted more for themselves has not abandoned us. In fact,
through the hell of teaching the intricacies of conjugal love and chastity. demonstrations in the problem when we tend to while the landowner was go- He has blessed us much, much
Aggravating this is the surprising tendency to almost exclusively pro- streets,” an unending stream take the place of God and lay ing out of his vineyard time more than we ever deserve.
mote one natural family planning method, called the Standard Days Method, of phone calls from every claim on what is rightfully and again—not just once or He has given each one of us
which is the least effective of the methods and the most vulnerable to be union hall in the country and God’s. God’s gifts and bless- twice—in search of more gifts and graces—not for one-
complemented with artificial contraception. workers carrying picket ings as mine. My right! My workers, more people to self alone, but for the growth
It’s a method that is not much different from the notorious calendar method. signs of protest. We are very due! My reward for my good- share his goodness with. Self- of the community; in the hope
Its promotion resurrects and feeds past suspicions that there’s a conspiracy sensitive to the slightest im- ness! This is my turf! My pri- ishness as against selflessness. that we become His special
to contaminate the Church position on responsible parenthood with the pingement on our rights. We vate property! My position! The tendency to possess “as gift to one another.
contraceptive mentality.
In fact, there is evidence that groups promoting this method are funded

Let St. Paul’s voice be

and aided by anti-life groups.

heard anew
Bo Sanchez

In every trial,
there is a treasure By Bernardita Dianzon, FSP reality that threatens life and survival
on planet earth? In the first century, Paul
already wrote about the groaning of cre-
Our Catholic Catechism still attributes
to Paul the understanding of “Original”
Sin as the guilt that we inherit when we
The challenge of the Pauline Year ation (cf. Rom 8:22). That Pauline expres- somehow sinned “in Adam” before we
I NOW realize that joy or misery is a choice that we have to make daily. The gospel, which according to Paul, sion may have been an abstract concept were born. That view may be traditional,
This came to me strongly when one day, I was driving in Novaliches with he received by revelation from Jesus Christ in the early centuries, but not anymore but as Jesuit Pauline scholar, Brendan
my family to visit some relatives. Because of the enormous roadwork there, (Gal 1:12), is envisioned to create not only today. It is now a reality that touches Byrne, asserts, “… it is not right on the
we got lost taking alternative routes. Besides, Novaliches is famous for an a bunch of pious individuals, but com- our very skin, affects the air we breathe, basis of a mistranslation of the Greek
amazingly circuitous network of streets—reminding me of my intestines. munities of believers who are conscious the food we take in, our relationship text of Rom 5:12 to foist it on to Paul.”2
“Can you help us find this address?” my Mom asked a guy driving a little of their connectedness among them- with all other forms of life—vegetative, Baptism, as we know it today, is a far
jeep. “Sure,” he said, “follow me. I’m going in that direction…” selves and with the rest of creation, and animal, and all of sub-human creation. cry from how Paul understood and
And we did: For about two hours! He led us through the inner labyrinths convinced that they are called to partici- Many of our contemporary problems are taught it in the first century. For Paul, it
of Novaliches. Through dark alleys. Through pot holes. Through dirt roads. pate in bringing to fulfillment God’s undeniably communal and global in is the initiation into the transformative
In total, we took 32 rights, 47 lefts, and 13 U-turns. purposes for the world. Sadly, though, nature. The gospel that Paul proclaimed experience of dying and rising with Christ
All the while, my family was complaining like crazy. “We’re lost!” they from the time of the Reformation until in the first century awakened in its hear- within the context of community, where
whined. “Oh, why all these roadwork at the same time?” another grumbled. the last quarter of the twentieth century, ers the sense of sharing a common nar- believers mutually support one another
“And who’s this guy leading us anyway? We don’t know him at all! He Paul’s spirituality has been wrongly in- rative, not only as the community of the in living the gift of new life. It calls for a
could be…” And there was a tense-filled pause. Finally, one family mem- terpreted as individual-centered, one saved but as a community that saves by al- mature commitment on the part of the
ber said, “Oh my God. We’re being kidnapped! WE’RE BEING KIDNAPPED that is concerned simply with the rela- lowing their lives to become channels baptized. But with infant baptism be-
BY THAT MAN!” (Divulging identities of who said what has proven haz- tionship between God and the individual of the power that flowed from the cross. coming the normative practice—where
ardous to my health, so I’ll refrain from mentioning names here.) Christian. Such interpretation has clearly Paul’s proclamation gave birth to com- pouring water on the child’s head fo-
I had to laugh and say, “C’mon, the guy doesn’t look like a kidnapper at all…” shaped a brand of Christianity that can munities that were conscious of being cuses the ritual on the cleansing of
“Really? Good…” sighed everyone. only be described as “aloof” and the Messiah’s extension in time and his- “original” sin—the process of daily dy-
“He’s no kidnapper,” I shook my head, “I think he’s a serial killer.” “minimalist.” How many Catholics still tory. This consciousness has been lost to ing and rising with Christ in the com-
Boy, were they mad and miserable. believe that attending Mass on Sunday many Christians of our generation. One pany of the community of believers, does
What was I doing all this time? is enough to fulfill their Christian obli- reason—perhaps the principal one—is not even get the chance to take off.
Aside from driving for them, I was singing. I was having the time of my gation? How many of the shamelessly- aptly expressed in the following obser- Should we still wonder why there are so
life. I was excited making those zigs and zags! Under my breath, I prayed, rich (!) Filipinos believe that by simply vation by Pauline scholar and Catholic many nominal Filipino Catholics or how
“Lord, I thank you that I feel like Indiana Jones trapped in a maze. What a giving a certain amount to the Church priest, Frank Matera: “It is unfortunate corruption has gained a firm foothold
thrilling adventure!” or to charitable institutions, they can that there is such silence from the pulpit in the “only Catholic country in Asia”?
Generally, I was thanking God for blessing us. I was thanking God for appease their consciences, even when the when it comes to preaching from the I guess we have to begin somewhere
those rare times that I’m with my family—no matter how crazy they can be. majority of our people continue to live Pauline texts... The silencing of Paul’s to recognize the loopholes in our appro-
I was thanking God for my car. I was thanking God for the relatives we were below poverty line? voice… deprives the congregation of an priation of biblical teachings, and to
visiting. I was thanking God for sending us an angel as our guide—using a Today, New Testament scholars are aspect of the gospel that Paul presents in evaluate the influence that such manner
serial killer to lead our way. Because I was so busy being grateful, I realized recovering Paul’s community-based and a distinctive manner.” 1 of appropriation has on our pastoral
I didn’t have time to be miserable! corporate concerns and re-proposing a I hope that the implication of the praxis. One question has been vexing
When we finally reached the home of our relatives, my family stepped Pauline spirituality of communion above-quoted remark would not be lost me, and I would like to conclude this
down from the car with angry exasperation. And that was when the real coupled with an ethic that is conscious on the readers of this article, for therein article by inviting the readers to join me
performance began. (All the complaining they did in the car was just dress of global responsibility. But this recov- lies precisely the challenge of celebrat- in mulling over it. If a later tradition of
rehearsal.) “We had a terrrrrrrrible time!” they griped in unison as they ered interpretation of Paul still needs to ing the bimillennium of the birth of the interpretation obscures the original biblical
greeted our cousins. As they were replaying their sad ordeal to them, I be propagated and to become part of Apostle Paul. teaching, to which do we owe our allegiance?
opened the car door, stepped down, stretched my tired muscles, and smiled, both our individual and collective con-
“Ahhh…. Now was that exciting or what?” sciousness, in order for it to have a sig- Important considerations (Footnotes)
One week after, every time my family got together, they’d still grumble nificant impact on our society. The The message of Paul can be likened to
and relive the agony of that trip. (At some special days, the “Nightmare in Pauline Year, I believe, is an opportune an ancient painting which, over the cen- Strategies for Preaching Paul (Pasay: Paulines
Publishing House, 2008), vi, 2.
Novaliches” had matinee shows in the afternoons and main performances time to allow Paul’s voice to be heard turies, has been retouched by different
in the evenings.) anew. And pastors have a big role to hands, so that the original contours and Inheriting the Earth (Homebush: Alba House,
1990), 25-26. The mistranslation consisted of
But I recall the event with sweetness. And fun! play in this regard. I do not think that it colors have become overlaid, and now reading the final clause of Paul’s sentence as
Because every morning, I face the mirror and tell myself, “Bo, no one can was only by chance or out of whim that barely give us a glimpse of the master- “in whom all sinned”—the “whom” referring to
take away your joy. This is the day that the Lord has made, let us rejoice and Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed June 2008 piece that the work had been. Adam. This is certainly wrong, for it translates
literally an idiomatic expression which is prop-
be glad in it!” to June 2009 as Year of St. Paul. I see it, Today many Catholics still read Paul erly rendered as “because” or “inasmuch as”
Because I believe that in every problem, there’s a rich blessing. rather, as a much-needed response to the through the fifth-century lenses of St. or “since,” explaining the universality of hu-
In every trial, there’s a treasure waiting to be unearthed. glaring signs of the times. Who, today, Augustine and the sixteenth-century man sinning as the reason why human beings
can still deny that global warming is a lenses of the Reformation controversy. die.
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 Social Concerns B7

he meaning
meaning of
of m
myy mission
By Fr. Shay Cullen their experience of family neglect
and rejection, community ridi-
cule and punishment and being
A CASE like 6-year-old Rosie severely abused and traumatized,
looking out from behind prison imprisoned in subhuman condi-
bars or 13-year-old Josie prosti- tions in Philippine jails with adult
tuted to foreign men in a sex bar criminals, murderers and rapists.
in Angeles city is enough to drive Little has changed since the in-
a normal person to anger, frus- troduction of new laws forbid-
tration and despair. ding child imprisonment and
Because it seemed to me at first providing alternatives.
that nothing could be done about And politicians have done
it since some corrupt police, gov- little substantial to stop the traf-
ernment officials and criminals ficking of women and children
of all nationalities are perpetra- into the sex industry that thrives
tors, protectors and beneficiaries on foreign customers.
of the sexual slavery of women At the residential Preda Homes
and children in the Philippines for youth and children we have
for over fifty years. many children that have been
Finding and trying to rescue rescued from dire circumstances,
children in prison, kids on the they have suffered, physically,
streets and in brothels are what psychologically, sexually and
motivated me to start the Preda emotionally.
Foundation in 1974, (People’s Re- They also experience a wide
covery Empowerment Develop-
ment Assistance Foundation). “Finding and trying to rescue children in prison, kids on the
This was what mission is for
me; to free the captives, bring
streets and in brothels are what motivated me to start the
God’s love to the unloved, change Preda Foundation in 1974, (People’s Recovery Empowerment
the system of injustice that vio- Development Assistance Foundation). This was what mission
lates human rights and stifled
dissent and protest. is for me; to free the captives, bring God’s love to the unloved,
The Preda children’s homes are change the system of injustice that violates human rights and
happy communities with family
life-style where all the kids are stifled dissent and protest.”
safe, accepted, understood, af-
firmed and empowered. The
homes are therapeutic healing their children and beat them into
centers for children and youth submission at a young age.
who have been abused and vio- Incest is the most vicious and
lated. damaging form of violence
There are homes too for the against the child. Trafficking into
young boys rescued from the the sex industry is also a massive
brutalities of prisons and youth problem and leaves the victims
detention centers where they suf- totally powerless and owned by
fered abuse, hunger and disease the sex bar operators.
in sub-human conditions. Many of the children are run-
The 76 team members at Preda aways driven out of their homes
work together to change the by abusive parents.
harsh attitudes of officials to be Out of 46 sexually abused chil-
more understanding and non- dren at the Preda home for girls,
punitive towards children and 20 are victims of incest. Getting
try to implement the laws and justice for them is the hardest
change the corrupt system that task of all.
hurts children. But we never give up but in-
The Preda social workers and range of hurt, carry feelings of despair. That’s where the emo- sion and cry them out. flicted by people in authority stead we are trying new ap-
therapists save and heal the vic- rejection, worthlessness, being tional expression therapy at the The release is immense and it more dominant and powerful proaches, speaking out demand-
tims of neglect and abuse. The unloved, unwanted, misunder- Preda home is a healing and re- enables them to unburden them- than them; the school bully, the ing justice, saving more children
therapy is helping them over- stood, abandoned, unheard, lease. When they feel ready and selves and be free of tension and cruel teacher, the jealous class- and trying to change the callous
come the trauma, anger, and bur- falsely accused and feeling acute want to they can go with the stress and grow within them- mate, the uncaring and over strict and corrupt society that allows
ied violence and revenge seek- injustice. therapist to the padded and selves. disciplinary parents. this to happen with impunity.
ing in retaliation for abuse. They have no one to turn to soundproof therapy room and Children and youth are pow- In all societies and all nation- That needs the help of all who
Violence, both emotional and where they will feel understood freely express their pent up emo- erless to solve these powerful and alities there are parents and believe in truth, human rights and
physical, is frequently traced to accepted and listened to. They feel tions of anger, pain and aggres- destructive feelings of anger in- pedophiles who sexually abuse justice.

7 Question / B4 Laity / B4

meeting of the priests, religious and lay regarding the mining issue. There are Gambling is undoubtedly one of the Vigilance, a Critical Element in trans- ence from what social workers do. The so-
cooperators in the diocese the body de- initiatives both at the DOPIM and Dioc- major problems we are facing because forming society; and Values Formation cial teachings of the Church are the best
cided that all the parishes would launch esan level. The more difficult and more of its rampant practice especially among Key to Social Transformation. instruments for social transmission.
a signature campaign against the pass- important challenge is how to get the the poor. Through the pulpit, seminars, In 2005, the convention theme was Lay Thus, when we speak of Christian so-
ing of the bill. It is hoped that this would people organized in order to effectively retreat, and informal discussions we try Empowerment According to Vatican II cial transformation we do not look only
produce good results and that the exer- address the issue. There are moves along to point out to the people that the poor and the Code of Canon Law. The key- at the others, we examine ourselves,
cise would be an educating process for this level. The stand of the diocese inevi- are the main victims of this form of can- note speech was Empowering the Laity firstly…We work at Christian social
the people. tably puts us in a collision course with cer, that a sense of false hope is being Today. Other topics discussed included transformation based on the realm of
the government because of the govern- created among them, that they wrongly Lay Empowerment according to Vatican faith and morals, based on the realm of
How does the diocese deal with destruc- ment policy on it. But we have not dis- hope it would bring them quick money Council; Lay Empowerment according grace, of the Divine…of the eternal.
tive mining practices and illegal logging carded the possibility of achieving some- without having to sweat for it, that it to the Code of Canon Law; Associations Christian social transformation is some-
which caused a lot of destruction in lives thing positive through dialogue. We have only helps to create a culture of laziness (Private and Public) of Christian People thing we should do in our lifetime, and
and resources both in the diocese and in done this with the DENR on the national in them. Yet gambling continues. We in Canon Law; Parish Pastoral councils, to pass it on to our children.
other parts of the country? level, with the Provincial governor and believe that no form of gambling can Diocesan Pastoral councils, and Diocesan If we put really our hearts and minds
The stand of the diocese is NO to all mayors on the local level. This has not thrive without protection. Even if we can councils of the Laity in Canon Law together, we are capable of doing some-
mining whether large scale or small scale. resulted so far into concrete actions apart not prove it with documents we are con- In 2007, the theme was A Path to Unity, thing for this Church and our society,
We don’t distinguish between respon- from fact finding groups being sent by vinced that there is protection by people aimed to get acquainted with Pope no matter how small, we can make a dif-
sible and irresponsible mining because the government. There is a lot of talk. But in authority. That makes it even more Benedict XVI’s teachings on love and ference.
even if the distinction may be valid in it is only that: talk. difficult for us to combat gambling. The charity. The speakers discussed the top-
theory we believe that de facto there can irony is that it is at the expense of the ics of Deus Caritas Est and Unity; Petrine Dr. Linda T. Tacorda, PhD. is the National
be no responsible mining in the country. How do you deal with the problem of poor that the rich and powerful—who and Marian Profile of the Church; President of the Sangguniang Laiko ng
The diocese faces a big challenge in try- gambling especially STL and jueteng, claim to be Christians—become even Benedict XVI Apostolic Exhortation, Sac- Pilipinas, the lay arm of the Episcopal Com-
ing to educate and organize the people in your diocese? richer and more powerful. ramentum Caritatis; and Reciprocal love mission on the Laity of the Catholic Bishops
This year’s (2008) theme focuses on The Conference of the Philippines.
Laity: Primary Agents of Change, To- (Footnotes)
wards Honesty and Integrity for Good
Governance. The Council for the Laity uses the preposition
for and not of. Why? Take note that this is one of
the offices of the Vatican and the heads are the

CBCPMonitor Name _________________________________________________ A call to change cardinals. Thus it seems contradictory that a
All these years, especially since 2003, cardinal who is not a lay person heads what is
(Family Name) (Given Name) (Middle Name) there was a recurring call to change.
supposed to be a group of lay people. That is
why, it uses a preposition for to indicate that
Clearly then, the overall message of the this is a pontifical council servicing for the af-
SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mailing Address 2008 poster is a renewed call and chal- fairs of the lay faithful.
lenge to the Laity to ACT. It is the PRI- 2 PAUL VI, Insegnamenti IX (1971), 1051 as cited

________________________________________________________________________________________________ MARY agent of change. in “The Pontifical Council for the Laity” (Vatican
City: 1997), 7. 3 “The Pontifical Council for the
This year’s observance of the National
The CBCP Monitor is published Phone No.: ________ Fax No.: ________ E-mail: ___________ Laity” (Vatican City: 1997), p. 7.
Laity Week commemorates the 20th an-
fortnightly by the CBCP Media Of- Mode of Payment niversary of the Apostolic Exhortation
4 “The Pontifical Council for the Laity” (Vatican

City: 1997), p. 9.
fice, with editorial and business of- Check/PMO enclosed Cash Payment Christifi-deles laici, the magna carta on the
fices at 470 Gen. Luna St., laity, a post Synodal document on the 5 Ibid.

Intramuros, Manila. PO Box 3601, (Payable to: CBCP Communications Development Foundation Inc.) vocation and mission of the lay faithful 6
The necessity of a consistent and effective pres-
1076 MCPO in the Church and in the world. ence of lay Christians in sectors of vital impor-
tance for society, implies priority for the ad-
• Domestic ________________________ An on-going challenge to LAIKO
equate formation and pastoral accompaniment
for lay people who have posts of responsibility
1 Year Php 500.00 Signature As lay people, our effort should be to- in the “secular city”. This clearly supposes a
2 Years Php 900.00 wards Christian transformation. We must deep knowledge of the Church’s Social Teach-
ing. The Pontifical Council for the Laity there-
• Foreign: Asia PLEASE SEND TO: help raise the level of faith and morals. fore takes a particular interest in programmes
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• All Other US$ 80.00 470 Gen. Luna St., Intramuros, Manila, Philippines | Tel (632) 404-2182 • Telefax (632) 404-1612 social transformation that social workers
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CBCP Monitor
B8 Entertainment Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Moral Assessment Technical CINEMA Rating Guide

Abhorrent VA - For viewers of all ages
Disturbing Poor V13 - For viewers age 13 and below
Acceptable Below average with parental guidance
Wholesome Average V14 - For viewers 14 and above
Exemplary Above average V18 - For mature viewers 18 and above
Excellent NP - Not for public viewing

Title: Righteous Kill victim is a suspected criminal whose the kilometric lines.
Cast: Robert de Niro, Al Pacino body is found with a four line poem jus- Is there really such a thing as a “righ-
Director: Jon Avnet tifying the killing. When additional teous kill”? The movie tells the audience
Producers: Rob Cowan, Avil Randall crimes take place with the same nature how erroneous the judicial system can
Emmette, John Avnet, Lati and trademark poem, it becomes clear get even in a supposed to be progres-
Brobman, Alexander Michan,
Daniel Rosenberg Turk and Rooster are looking for a se- sive and sophisticated state as New York.
Screenwriter: Russell Gewirtz rial killer, one who targets criminals that Given such reality, one may resort to
Music: Ed Shearmur have managed to go around the defec- extra-judicial means like a modern-day
Editor: Paul Hirsch tive judicial system. The serial killer’s Robin Hood and in the tradition of Dirty
Genre: Action/ Crime mission is to do what the cops can’t do Harry. However, there really is no way
Cinematography: Denis Lenoir on their own—take the culprits off the an end can justify the means. A crime is
Distributor: Overture Films streets for good. The similarities be- a crime however one puts it. Righteous
Location: USA tween the recent killings and their ear- Kill does not condone crime in any form.
Running Time: 100 min. lier case raise a nagging question: Did Looking at the film in its entire context,
Technical Assessment:
they put the wrong man behind bars? justice prevails in the story amidst the
Moral Assessment: ½
Righteous Kill can be a run-of-the- dilemma of jeopardizing friendships and
CINEMA Rating: For viewers 14 and mill, forgettable crime thriller but the treasured relationships. Righteous Kill
presence of De Niro and Pacino has made does not glorify criminals however
all the difference. As expected, the tan- noble their purpose and no matter how
dem of the two award-winning Holly- dark their past has been which has turned
AFTER 30 years as partners in NYPD, wood veterans has pulled the entire fea- them into dark human beings. But then,
highly decorated Detectives David Fisk ture off from start to finish. The audiences should be cautioned and
a.k.a Turk (Al Pacino) and Thomas storytelling has succeeded in mislead- guided on the presence of drugs, alco-
Cowan aka Rooster (Robert De Niro) ing the audience’s gut feel, a true mark hol, racism and some scenes connoting
should be ready for retirement, but of a suspense-thriller. The secrets and hatred to Catholic clergy and the des-
aren’t. Before they can hang up their revelations are sustained to the end. Al- ecration of the church and its sacrament
badges, they are called in to investigate though the script has the tendency to be of reconciliation as these scenes may fur-
the murder of a notorious pimp, which a bit talky and dragging for the genre, it ther cultivate the “mean world syn-
appears to have ties to a case they solved can be forgiven for as long as De Niro drome” among the young and vulner-
years ago. Like the original murder, the and Pacino are the ones seen delivering able minds.

MAC en COLET Ni Bladimer Usi

Buhay Parokya
By Bladimer Usi
There are three missing articles in this cartoon.
Find the image of St. John the Apostle, image of
Archangel Gabriel and a Church Songbook

Title: Hellboy II
Cast: Ron Perlman, Selma Blair, Doug Jones, Anna Walton,
Luke Gross, Jeffrey Tambor
Director: Guillermo del Toro; Producers: Laurence Gordon,
Mike Richardson, Lloyd Levin
Screenwriters: Guillermo del Toro, Mike Mignola
Music: Danny Elfman
Editor: Bernat Vilaplana
Genre: Fiction/ Action/ Adventure
Cinematography: Guillermo Navarro
Distributor: Universal Pictures
Location: USA
Running Time: 120 min.
Technical Assessment: ½
Moral Assessment: ½
CINEMA Rating: For viewers 14 and above

THE humans and other beings sented as scenes of old and an-
had their truce a long way back cient times in different shades
when they agreed to split into of light and darkness are
settlements in separate areas. shown. The ensemble acting is
But now, the moment has also impressive as flashed on
come when war is in the air. the screen. The use of CGI’s
The human Prince Nuada improve and enhance what are
(Luke Gross) in defiance of his displayed and they appear
king father is instigating a con- more real. One possible draw-
flict between him and all the back for some viewers would
rest around their territory. be the problem of identifying
Nuada’s goals are to find and individual characters and
put together the three pieces where they belong. The over-
of a crown, which when com- all value of the movie is the
pleted would make him the presentation of the good fight-
new king of the original ing against what is evil. Here
conglomeratation of humans is Hellboy and Princess Nuala
and other living beings; at the (Anna Walton) leading the
same time the conflict will good against the evil ones led
cause the awakening of hun- by Prince Nuada. There is
dreds of mechanical soldiers Hellboy, with the assistance of
long stored idle, which would a group of investigators and
get him his goal. Unfortu- researchers helping and de-
nately however, his twin sis- fending humans from evil
ter Nuala (Anna Walton) is power. There are evil spirits
clearly against his decision. in the world. People can con-
Unknown to Nuada however, quer the immortal enemy with
there is Hellboy “Red” (Ron the help of someone stronger
Perlman) a really incredible than oneself. Hellboy plays the
hulk, has Nuala’s crown piece role of the savior and defender
in keeping, and ready to fight of human beings attacked by
for her and the people. evil spirits.
Hellboy is an interestingly Vulgar language is at a mini-
put together story filled with mum, while violence is shown
suspense and adventure. No frequently as it is needed for a
doubt. Ron Perlman is very major part of the story. Because
good at projecting his charac- these scenes could cause fre-
ter; he looks real and convinc- quent emotional stress for
ing, as a capable and extraor- younger viewers, CINEMA
dinary hulk, is able to do what recommends that only those 14
others can’t. His sometimes years old and above be al-
soft character is touching. The lowed to watch Hellboy 2: The
visual effects are well pre- Golden Army.
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Vol. XXVI No. 122

DOCETE A Catechetical Publication of the Episcopal Commission on Catechesis and Catholic Education

General Assembly of
Photo courtesy of ECCCE

Catechetical Ministers held

in General Santos City
By Sr. Jesusa Enginco, OP and formators with a theologico”pastoral orienta- gather in the spirit of communion in mission the between and among various Episcopal Commissions
tion on Ecclesiae de Eucharistia and Sacramentum diocesan catechetical directors; to undertake the ba- on education/catechesis, educators, chaplains, parents,
Caritatis in solidarity with the FABC General As- sic formation for catechetical directors in the frame- educational organizations/associations and youth on
THE Episcopal Commission on Catechesis and sembly on the Eucharist in 2009; 2) to identify plans work of the GDC and NCDP ’07; and finally, to their: a) understanding of the Eucharist in education;
Catholic Education (ECCCE) held its Annual Meet- of action in various dioceses in view of animating identify a plan of action for catechetical directors. b) how they celebrate the Eucharist in their schools/
ing of Catechetical Ministers (AMCM) at the Fam- the people of God towards a deeper devotion to Dr. Emil Canlas gave a report on the proceeding institutions; c) how they live the Eucharist in their
ily Country Hotel and Convention Center in Gen- the Eucharist; and 3) to promote a Eucharistic Spiri- of the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences respective Institutions/schools;
eral Santos City last July 7–11, 2008. tuality among catechetical workers. Consultation Meeting on Eucharist and Education 3. To recommend practical and pastoral ways
A total of 130 participants comprised of Dioc- The 5-day assembly was commenced by ECCCE in Asia held last 25-30 May 2008 at the Assumption and means on how to make Catholic schools and
esan Catechetical Directors and Coordinators and Chairman, His Excellency Most Rev. Socrates B. University, Suvarnabhumi Campus. Bangkok, Thai- other institutions of learning Eucharistic in the con-
Directors/Directresses of Catechetical Centers and Villegas, DD through his Welcome Address, fol- land. The objectives of the said convention were text of Asia…belongingness, being, celebrating and
Colleges with Religious Education came from the lowed by Msgr. Gerardo Santos who gave a Report the following: sharing the Eucharist.
different dioceses all over the Philippines. on the Summer Catechetical Institute for Priests 1. To reflect on the significance and implications On the second day, Fr. Anscar Chupungco, OSB
The theme for this year’s assembly— which was held at the Sta. Catalina Spirituality of Pope Benedict XVI Post-Synodal Apostolic Ex- an expert on liturgy presented two important docu-
”CATECHESIS IN THE SERVICE OF THE EUCHA- Center, Baguio City last April 14-18, 2008. hortation on the Eucharist, Sacramentum Caritatis, ments: a) Ecclesia de Eucharistia and Catechesis, and
RIST”—was derived from the following objectives: The event with the theme “THAT CHRIST BE in Education in Asia; b) Sacramentum Caritatis and Catechesis. He chal-
1) to provide Catechetical Directors/Coordinators FORMED IN US”, had the following objectives: to 2. To consult and exchange insights and experiences AMCM / C2

Summer Catechetical Institute

for Priests
By Msgr. Gerardo Santos

LAST April 14-18, 2008, the Episcopal Commis- Methodology based on the New NCDP. the areas which need Participants of the Summer Catechetical Institute for Priests during a group sharing activity
sion on Catechesis and Catholic Education Most Rev. Gilbert Garcera, DD (Bishop of Daet, improvement. where they discussed the strengths and weaknesses that characterize the implementation of the
(ECCCE) conducted a “Summer Catechetical Insti- ECCCE’s Vice Chairman and the National Direc- catechetical program in their dioceses/parishes.
tute for Priests” at the Sta. Catalina Spirituality tor of the Pontifical Mission Societies of the Philip- Organizational As-
Center in Baguio City. The participants of the pines) presented on the 4th day, the 9th conference of sessment
said event, 68 in all, comprised of Catechetical the course - Organization, Personnel and Resources Responses were
Directors coming from the different archdio- of Catechesis which comprise Chapter VI of the categorized into
ceses, dioceses, prelatures and apostolic vicari- New NCDP. The 10th and last conference was rather STRENGTHS and
ates nationwide. distinct from the previous conferences since it is a WEAKNESSES on
The event, which had the theme “THAT sharing of Catechetical Experiences coming from each area /field: DIO-
CHRIST BE FORMED IN US”, had the following the 3 major regions of the country - Luzon, Visayas CESE, DIOCESAN
objectives: to gather in the spirit of communion and Mindanao. Representing Northern Luzon is CATECHETICAL OF-
in mission the diocesan catechetical directors; to Abbot Santos Rabang who gave a clear picture of FICE, PARISH,
undertake the basic formation for catechetical the Catechetical Praxis in Nueva Segovia. The PRESBYTERIUM, and
directors in the framework of the GDC and Mindanao group on the other hand was represented the CATECHISTS.
NCDP ’07; and finally, to identify a plan of ac- by Fr. Bobby Cena and Fr. Noel Pedregosa who Allow me to share
tion for catechetical directors. presented their Journey Series, a project of the dio- with you the collated
Our Chairman, Most Rev. Socrates B. Villegas, cese of Malaybalay. The last sharing came from the data which are note-
DD commenced the five-day course with an in- Visayas region represented by Msgr. John Luza, worthy:
spiring Overview of the whole Training Pro- who gave an illustration of the Catechesis in the A. THE STRENGTHS
gram, during their orientation on the first day. Archdiocese of Capiz. (LIGHTS):
Participants were supplied on their second day, During the course of the said assembly, series of In general, their re-
with ample information coming from invited Workshops were also conducted to give the par- spective dioceses and
speakers starting off with Rev. Msgr. Hernando ticipants enough time to interact with fellow as well as down to the Photo courtesy of ECCCE
Guanzon (from the Diocese of Balanga), who gave catechetical directors and so that we can also assess parishes, have shown
his Theological Reflections Regarding the Min- their thoughts and feelings about the training pro- full support for the
istry. CBCP Assistant Secretary General Msgr. gram. catechetical ministry, spearheaded by their good 8. regular salary for staff, coordinators and full-
Joselito Asis followed afterwards with his con- A great majority of the respondents appreciated bishop who believes that Catechesis should be one time catechists and other benefits such as SSS,
ference on the Canonical Provisions on all the topics given to them. They found them rel- of the main thrusts of the diocese. Assistance comes Philhealth, etc.
Catechetical Instruction in the 1983 Code of evant and significant to their work as diocesan in these forms: 9. a well-equipped diocesan catechetical office
Canon Law. I handled the 4th and 5th Conferences catechetical directors more particularly the one on 1. catechetical and evangelization program is and formation center/ parish catechetical office
which covers the Principles of Pastoral Man- Pastoral Management. Those who are at a loss in top priority in the pastoral plan 10. availability of catechetical materials
agement. their assignment in the catechetical ministry were 2. funds / financial support / annual budget for 11. support from some religious congregations
Heavy but inspiring sessions also filled the given direction and were enlightened on the real the ministry through personnel
third day, starting with their first speaker, importance of catechesis in the Church’s mission. 3. generally committed and supportive clergy 12. the ministry as the fund raising beneficiary
ECCCE’s Chairman Emeritus and highly re- They were challenged to be good shepherds of the (esp. the young ones) 13. allocated funds for the diocesan and paro-
spected Archbishop of Caceres, Most Rev. flock given to them. More importantly, they were 4. a full-time diocesan catechetical director / chial catechetical program
Leonardo Legaspi, OP, DD, who covered the 6th inspired to move on with their mission as minis- priest-director in the parish and vicariate level 14. supportive parishioners
and 7th Conferences with his lecture “Toward a ters, guided by the Vision of Catechesis. 5. diocesan, vicarial, and parochial gatherings and 15. regular meetings and coordination
Practical Sketch of ECCCE’s Vision of Through the workshops, we were also able to on-going formation of catechists B. However, there are also some WEAKNESSES
Catechesis”. Two exceedingly experienced have a clear view of the actual situation in their 6. dedicated, well-trained, industrious and com- (SHADOWS) which hinder in the implementa-
catechetical coordinators – Ms. Ophine Javier respective archdiocese, diocese, prelature or apos- petent staff and coordinators tion of the catechetical program in their dioceses
(from the diocese of Novaliches) and Ms. Annette tolic vicariate. These collated data will be of great 7. presence of active, faithful and dedicated vol- / parishes:
Angeles (from the diocese of Kalookan) “ handled help to the Commission in our evaluation of the unteer catechists and full-time catechists with a Among those noted were:
the 8th conference which is about the Catechetical present catechetical scenario in the Philippines and strong sense of mission and willing to be formed
Institute / C2
CBCP Monitor
C2 DOCETE Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Evangelization and
Catholic Education (Second of two parts)
By Archbishop Leonardo Z. Legaspi, OP, DD
Photo courtesy of ECCCE to so instruct the catechized that they can Christ
see for themselves, their own daily acts, All the baptized make up the Church
problems, hopes and dreams, in the light and therefore share in the responsibil-
of basic Christian truths. ity for its life here and in the years to
come. This corrects the former common
Specific Goals of Catechesis in the Phil- misunderstanding of identifying the
ippines Church with the bishops, priests and re-
This systematic catechesis is the type ligious only.
of catechesis the Bishops want to see tak- 5. To educate the catechized in translating
ing shape in the years to come. But what their Christian faith into attitudes and val-
does this type of catechesis expect to ac- ues of daily life
complish? What are the desired specific This is integration of faith and life and
goals of catechesis in the Philippines? it involves two related attitudes, one is
Note that what is asked are the specific to discern the daily events and choices
goals of catechesis, measurable goals. of life in the spirit of faith; to discover
The general goal is, as mentioned, to how God’s spirit is at work in daily life
“put people not only in touch but in (GCD 62). The next one is to translate
communion, in intimacy with Jesus the basic Gospel truths, moral principles,
Christ” (CT 5). and spiritual attitudes into acts of daily
The following are the proposed spe- “secular” life.
cific goals of catechesis according to the
NCDP draft. The enumeration is fol- The Case of Catechesis
lowed by a brief explanation. The present need for a systematic
1. To help our people understand more fully catechesis is not only due to the inher-
and more personally the inestimable riches of ent pre-eminent position of this minis-
their Christian faith try in terms of the over all pastoral and
There are at least two strong reasons missionary activity of the Church. That
for this goal: one is that ignorance of is quite evident.
God’s word and sound doctrine has Nor even perhaps because of the con-
never produced authentic disciples of stantly growing baptized population
Christ. The other is that the people have whose faith may not surface beyond the
“the sacred and inalienable right or re- implicit level of consciousness. The fu-
ceiving the word of God, the whole of ture is expected to be even more chal-
God, into which the Church does not lenging. As people move toward greater
cease to penetrate ever more pro- modernization, urbanization, and eco-
foundly” [ASS 68 (1971)10]). In order to nomic progress, the great and rapid so-
attain this, there should be the under- cial changes taking place will have con-
standing of the sources of faith, namely, siderable effect on the education in the
Holy Scripture, Tradition and the teach- faith.
ings of the Church.; For one there is the Filipino’s own
2. To educate the catechized in the basic personal search for self-identity and his
principles and practice of Christian morality place in community. Discontinuity in
Among these principles is that which lifestyle, changes in residence, and new
presents authentic Christian faith as in- challenges will all put a severe strain on
cluding an essential moral dimension, his tradition value and belief system and
i.e., that “doing” is part of truly believ- create new psychological conflicts and
ing. Another is that Christian moral life disturbances. The traditional tensions
is primarily a response to grace, a reach- are indicative of the human condition-
ing out in love rather than simply avoid- tensions between autonomy and depen-
Nature of Catechesis Himself, the Truth.” Systematic Catechesis ing sin, shrinking from evil. Another dence, between individuality and group
Catechesis then is not evangelization The Central place of instruction in When is catechesis systematic? principle is the understanding of the use work; between self-discipline and in-
nor is it theology although easily related catechesis is also underlined: “especially First, when it is programmed for a of conscience in making moral deci- stant gratification; between justice and
to both. What is it really? It is, in the the teaching of Christian doctrine.” This definite goal, not haphazard or impro- sions. Like others, the Catholics use their equality and superior-inferior orienta-
words of Pope John Paul II an “educa- follows the consistent Catholic tradition vised. Such programming takes into consciences. But unlike others the Catho- tion; between authentic moral responsi-
tion in the faith…especially the teach- that has always upheld the intelligibil- consideration not only the subject mat- lics do so as members of a community bility and formal legalism and double
ing of Christian doctrine…imparted in ity of faith. Faith is a reasonable act, ter, the truths of the faith, but also the with a long tradition of moral wisdom, standards. In real life, these dichotomies
an organic and systematic way with a something that can be understood; not a age, background and capacities of those namely, the Church which is the com- are never so clear and distinct; rarely do
view to initiating the hearers into the blind leap in the dark. In other words, to be catechized, as well as follow-up munity which serves as authoritative people choose consciously one side or
fullness of Christian life” (CT 18). the “yes” of faith includes both the per- programs in religious education. Second, guide not only through its past moral the other. Rather their habitual ways of
There are several important indica- sonal “surrender to the word of God and when it focuses on the essentials of the tradition, but also through its present acting, planning, and reacting tend to-
tions in this description deserving of relying on it, “as well as the later stage faith. That is not what this theology or moral directives. wards one pattern of living more than
some reflection. There is, for example, of “endeavoring to know better and bet- that teaches, but what the church teaches. 3. To develop the ability to pray and to par- the other.
the indication as to the basic aim of ter the profound meaning of this word.” It means not a bare skeleton outline, but ticipate actively in the Church’s liturgy This offers to the ministry of catechesis
catechesis when it says: “…with view to (CT 20). sufficiently complete so that the doc- This flows from nature of faith itself a distinct challenge. This consists in
initiating the hearers into the fullness of A very relevant and timely indication trines come alive in the lives of the cat- in which both prayer and worship con- bringing the riches of the Christian faith
Christian life,” Catechesis aims to “put is when the definition says: “…imparted echized. Finally, it is systematic when it stitute an essential part. Catechesis to bear on the Filipino’s search for self-
people not only in touch but in commun- in an organic and systematic way…” serves as an introduction to and devel- should show the indispensable role of identity today. Using the appreciable
ion, in intimacy with Jesus Christ “(CT When the Bishops Conference of the opment of the whole of Christian life. It personal prayer for an authentic Chris- help of contemporary social science stud-
5). The heart of catechesis is not a doc- Philippines met to lay out their pastoral means not only establishing coherence tian life. One practical way to check the ies, one must bring the Gospel message
trine, or a moral principle, or an act of plan for the next three years, it pin- and mutual inter-relation of Christian validity of personal prayer is the ability and the words, example and presence of
worship, but “a person, the person of pointed as the most urgent need in the doctrines, but more so the inter relating of the catechized to enter ever more Jesus Christ, into immediate grips with
Jesus of Nazareth” (CT 5). To catechize, field of catechesis the lack of an organic these Christian truths with the daily life maturely into liturgical life of the local the often unconscious personal search for
then, is to lead persons to study the mys- and systematic catechetical teaching. of the catechized, on both the individual Christian community. something deeper, more lasting, more
tery of Christ in all its dimensions, in- What are now the elements which con- as well as the social levels. The may be 4. To create a sense of personal belonging truly Filipino, than the typical publicity
cluding the teaching of Jesus Christ stitute a systematic catechesis? the greatest challenge to the catechists: to the Church, the community of disciples of gimmicks or selling the latest fad.

Institute / C1

1. insufficient number of catechists, particularly astical provinces for coordination and collabora- schools. cases where the principal is not that receptive of
volunteer catechists tion among its covered dioceses in order to share E. Through the permission of the Department of the program, and worse, would allow our brother
2. lack of personnel / staff and facilities and “compare notes” regarding their catechetical Education, our catechists are able to give religious fundamentalists instead. Financial constraint is also
3. incompetent catechists / predominantly old, programs and experiences and as well as discuss instruction in the Public Schools. It is one of the a major problem, as usual.
retired / low educational attainment ways on how to improve the ministry. best venues for evangelization especially to our In CONCLUSION, the Summer Catechetical In-
4. lack of financial support / funds are not enough However, in spite these opportunities mentioned youth who are very thirsty in terms of religious stitute for Priests turned out to be successful and
5. no formation house in this area / field, 3 major factors pose as threats to guidance. the participants themselves are looking forward to
6. lack of cooperation from the parish-level this undertaking: 1) Financial (Lack of Funds); 2) Through proper coordination between the this as a yearly activity of the Commission. We
7. weak, sporadic or no clear catechetical pro- Attendance (Conflict of Schedules); and 3) Lack or school, the parish priest and the catechists, our shall try to improve the program by the year
gram / no improvement No Vision at all. young people are able to receive the sacraments of through their recommendations and suggestions
8. lack of instructional materials / some are us- B. .Tie-ups with government agencies, the Depart- the Catholic Church. regarding possible activities, venue, topics to be
ing recycled materials ment of Education in particular (for allowing the In spite of this, it is still heartbreaking to hear of discussed and speakers as well.
9. lack of technical equipment teaching of catechesis in the public schools) and
10. the diocesan office is too small or there is no their respective local government units, have been AMCM / C1
office at all that allow compensation for the staff quite beneficial for the ministry. They are sup-
11. unavailability of competent and trained portive, cooperative and participative in the vari- lenged the participants to continue in their minis- echists’ Basic Formation Program (CBFP) and the
catechetical director ous catechetical programs. try of catechesis in the service of the Eucharist, Realignment of CBFP (ECCCE– 1992) with NNCDP
12. lack of coordination with some parishes Some agencies, on the other hand, pose a threat to guided by these two basic documents (ECCCE-2007).
13. tension in the interpersonal relationship be- our advocacy, particularly the programs of the De- After his second presentation, participants were The morning of the fourth day was filled with
tween the pastor, coordinators and the catechists partment of Health and its nationwide campaign on invited to an open forum facilitated by Fr. sharing of Catechetical Experiences from represen-
themselves Reproductive Health and Population Management Chupungco himself and another resource speaker, tatives of the three major regions of the country –
14. lack of support and follow-up from some par- which are opposed to the Church’s teachings. Fr. Genaro Diwa. Participants were also led to a Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
ish priests C. In the field of Resource Mobilization – some ar- workshop after each session. After the lively reports, Msgr. Santos wrapped up
15. some have no parish catechetical office eas are fortunate to tap funding agencies to help the Bishop Villegas started the third day with a re- the Assembly through his Presentation of Summary
16. lack of support in the catechetical programs ministry while a great majority is just hopeful or is freshing presentation on First Communion. He of Workshop. Four major points were highlighted:
and activities still searching for organizations or foundations that stressed the importance of preparing little children 1) GDC and NCDP said that there is only one
17. old style of catechesis will help them financially in the implementation of not only for their First Communion but their First aim in catechesis – and that is for us to have that
18. only few parishes send volunteer catechists their programs. Others are hopeless and awkward Confession as well. Consultation with the ECCCE close relationship with Jesus.
for training to work on this particular undertaking. Chairman followed. 2) All catechesis must be at the service of Lit-
19. lack of competent personnel / coordinators D. Collaboration with Catholic Schools has been Shortly after Bishop Villegas was another expert urgy. The experience of God, that contemplative
to be trained beneficial to the ministry as well, especially on the on Liturgy”Fr. Genaro Diwa who presented “The moment, is the summit of all Christian life.
20. lack of system organization financial aspect, and must be maximized particu- Directory for Masses with Children”. He empha- 3) Sacraments are a joint enterprise between Jesus
21. some public schools are not receptive larly through its Student-Catechist Program / sized the value of an effective, meaningful and and his people, and the Eucharist is a covenant, a
22. indifference to the ministry Adopt a Public School Program in support of the beautiful celebration of Masses with children and dialogue between Jesus and his people.
23. lack of training, formation and on-going stud- deficiency in the number of volunteer catechists. alongside with this was the challenge for the cat- 4) Sacraments are celebrations and good celebra-
ies about the development in Catechesis However, there are still problems experienced such echists to be effective agents of the liturgy. Fr. Diwa tions foster and nourish faith. Poor and badly pre-
24. catechists are not prioritized as intimidation and lack of coordination with the also presented a sample of the Second Eucharistic pared celebrations weaken, if not destroy the faith.
25. focused mainly on “May Catechesis” ministry. Some student – catechists have no proper Prayer especially tailored for children. Another After the summary report, the Assembly offi-
26. inadequate remuneration training and formation and are only obliged to do open forum and workshop was held after his talk. cially ended through the distribution of certificates
so as part of their curriculum. There are also cases Two equally important presentations were held headed by ECCCE Bishop Member and Bishop of
Environmental Scanning where there is a lack of coordination between the in the afternoon of the third day: The first was a Digos, Most Rev. Jimmy Afable, D.D. assisted by
A. It was rather inspiring to know that regular parish priest (and the diocesan catechetical minis- report done by Dr. Teresita Talamera followed by ECCCE Executive Secretary Msgr. Santos and his
meetings are being held in their respective Ecclesi- try) and the religious congregation managing the Dr. Linda Tacorda who presented a report on Cat- assistant Sr. Jesusa Enginco, OP.
CBCP Monitor
Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008 DOCETE C3

The Directory for

Masses with Children
By Fr. Genaro O. Diwa © Roy Lagarde/CBCP Media

The Liturgy and Catechesis training the faithful for prayer, liturgy to the needs of various
In a catechism class, a catechist for thanksgiving, for penance, for groups (SC 38). This is also the
asked the students: “Why do we confident prayer of petition, for fruit of the Synod of Bishops in
need to keep silent during the a sense of community, giving 1967.
Mass?” One student replied with them a proper understanding of Children in this document re-
conviction: “We are asked to keep the symbols% all of which are fer to those who have not yet en-
quiet during the Mass so as not necessary for a proper liturgical tered the period of preadoles-
to wake up those who are sleep- life. cence, between the ages of nine
ing during the Mass.” The Directory for Masses with and twelve.
Catechesis is necessary in the Children is a document that has But in reality the principles
formation of the faith. But faith attempted to address the issue of taken in this document can also
in order to be completed needs the relationship of Catechesis be applied to other age brackets
to be nourished by the Word of and the celebration of the Eucha- as well.
God and the Sacraments and the rist and to give guidelines to
prayer life of each baptized. those who are in charge of the 1. Intelligibility of the Liturgy
Catechesis culminates in the cel- preparation of the liturgy for chil- The Directory recognizes the
ebration of the liturgy and espe- dren and for catechists. The Di- fact that even if the liturgy has
cially in the celebration of the rectory tries to respond to the been celebrated in the vernacu-
Holy Eucharist. This is what the problem arising from the fact that lar still there are words and signs
Constitution on the Liturgy the liturgical celebrations “can- which are not easily understood
wants to say when it declares that not fully exercise their inherent by children.
the liturgy is the “source and the pedagogical force upon children” Sometimes even the adults do
summit of the Christian life.” It (no.2). not understand the signs and the
also substantiates this declaration The liturgy is aware of the symbols used in the Eucharist.
by saying that “every liturgical presence of children but it The historical and cultural set-
celebration, because it is an ac- scarcely addresses itself to them. tings in which these evolved may
tion of Christ the Priest and of The signs, symbols and its lan- not be easily unravelled by the
his Body, which is the Church, is guage are directed normally to faithful. The problem boils down
a sacred action surpassing all oth- the adult members of the assem- to the tension between the classi-
ers. No other action of the Church bly. Sometimes, the presence of cal and the popular, the liturgist’s
can equal its efficacy by the same children if not causing irritation creation in time and the people’s
title and to the same degree.” (SC for some, even can be a cause of capacity to assimilate them. The
7) nuisance for others. truth is, the problem is not only
We cannot deny the fact that The Directory has an introduc- with children but it is also with
there are many components to tion and three chapters. The first adults.
the process of the growth of faith. chapter, which is basic, discusses Understanding of the liturgy is
Our work for the building up of the different ways in which chil- a basic tenet in Vatican II’s pro-
a just society, the education of our dren are introduced to the Eucha- gram of liturgical reform. The
people, and the social action of ristic liturgy, especially through Constitution on Liturgy de-
the Church, all of these are im- catechesis. The second chapter mands that the rites “should be
portant aspects of the healthy deals with Masses at which a good within the people’s power of The Eucharistic Prayer needs to ebrant himself” (no. 6). The Directory states that “the
growth in faith. But, in all of these number of children take part to- comprehension and as a rule not be explained (no. 52). This is some- The principle of intelligibility principles of active and conscious
the Church would like to remind gether with a good number of require explanation” (art. 34). what a tall order. This is also the includes the readings and the ex- participation are in a sense even
us that these should lead our adults. The normal situations of This is the foundation of the de- reason for the creation of the new planation of the word of God. more significant for Masses cel-
people in the praise of God and these would be Sundays and holi- vout and active participation; the Eucharistic Prayers for children. This includes the choice of the ebrated with children. Every ef-
their sanctification, i.e. the lit- days. The third chapter deals understanding of what happens The style is simple suited to the readings and the homily. fort should therefore be made to
urgy. It is here that the mystery with Masses with children in and the meaning of the liturgical understanding of the children increase this participation and to
of Christ and our salvation be- which only few adults are celebration. (no. 5). The work of translations 2. Towards Masses with Adults make it more intense” (no.22).
come clearly manifested. present. This chapter addresses The Directory insists on the must make this true. “It is always necessary to keep This is the reason for all the ef-
Such an end is always the point the issues on ministries, place and need to impart Eucharistic Even if the whole effort is to in mind that these Eucharistic cel- forts to adapt the celebration of
of the official teachings of the time of celebration, preparation, catechesis to children: “even in make this simple, the Directory ebrations must lead children to- the Mass for children. We see this
Church. The liturgy and espe- singing and music, gestures and the case of children, the liturgy is not unaware of some dangers ward the celebration of Mass with in the various ministries and of-
cially the Holy Eucharist are not visual elements, silence and the itself always exerts its own inher- in this regard: “Although a sim- adults, especially the Masses at fices during Mass: Mass servers,
addenda to the formation of faith different parts of the Mass that ent power to instruct” (no. 12). pler style of language was which the Christian community readers, and song leaders; the
but the very end towards which require special care. Example: the presidential prayers adopted, the authors always had must come together on Sundays” place of singing and musical in-
Catechesis exists. “Catechesis of the Mass. in mind the importance of avoid- (no.21). Those who prepare and struments in the celebration; the
should therefore be at the service Principles of the Directory But the fact remains that there ing the danger of childish lan- organize Masses with children use of gestures and the visual el-
of active, conscious and genuine This is the first liturgy which are still elements in the celebra- guage, which would jeopardize should not lose sight of the fact ements; the observance of silence;
participation in the Church’s lit- has been shaped for the use of tion of the Eucharist which are the dignity of the Eucharistic cel- that the children grow to matu- and the numerous acclamations.
urgy, not only by explaining the children. This is supported by the difficult to understand: the the- ebration, especially if it affected rity as they are gradually intro- Example: Invite children to
meaning of the rites, but also by desire of the Church to adapt the ology of the sacrifice and meal. the words to be said by the cel- duced into the cultural world of take part in preparing and orna-
the adult members of the society. menting the place where Mass
This is also applicable to all will be celebrated, and prepare

First Communion
other ecclesial and age groups. the chalice with the paten and the
The Constitution on Liturgy (art. cruets (no. 29).
38) encourages this but it is to During the celebration itself:
avoid the creation of ecclesiole or the various ways of proclama-
privilege, but to serve the tion of the word of God (no. 47).
faithful’s particular needs to The question of dramatization
A talk presented by Most Rev. Socrates B. Villegas deepen the Christian life in ac- and rhythmic swaying is not ex-
cord with the requirements and plicitly addressed but we can say
FROM Early Church History cumstances (cf. Sebastiano Giribaldi, Op. Mor., I, c. 72). That infants capacities of the members of the that these do not go contrary to
It is now well established that in the early days of Christianity it and children not yet come to the use of reason may not only val- groups.” this exhortation of the document
was not uncommon for infants to receive Communion immedi- idly but even fruitfully receive the Blessed Eucharist is now the If this is so, then the Masses “in view of the nature of the lit-
ately after they were baptized. Among others St. Cyprian (Lib. de universally received opinion, but it is opposed to Catholic teach- with children “should not be en- urgy as an activity of the entire
Lapsis, c. xxv) makes reference to the practice. In the East the cus- ing to hold that this sacrament is necessary for their salvation tirely special rites markedly dif- person and in view of the psy-
tom was (Council of ferent from the Order of Mass chology of children, participation
pretty univer- Trent, Sess. celebrated with a congregation” by means of gesture and posture
sal, and even Photo courtesy of ECCCE XXI, can. iv). (no.21). The effort here “could not should be strongly encouraged
to this day ex- be a matter of creating some en- in Masses with children, with due
ists in some Church Laws tirely special rite but rather of regard for age and customs” (no.
places, but in today on First retaining, shortening, or omit- 33).
the West in- Communion ting some elements or of mak- There are many possibilities
fant Com- The exist- ing a better selection of text.” (no. for active participation. We
munion was ing legisla- 3) should avoid the tendency to
not so gen- tion with re- Pursuing the principle that make “active” to “super-active”,
eral. Here, gard to the children’s Masses should lead to and “participation” to an excuse
moreover, it Communion adult’s Masses, the Directory of liturgy worship. The caution
was restricted of children states that “some rites and texts is given to us: “In all this, it
to the occa- has been defi- should never be adapted for chil- should be kept in mind that ex-
sions of bap- nitely settled dren lest the difference between ternal activities will be fruitless
tism and dan- by the Fourth Masses with children and the and even harmful if they do not
gerous ill- Lateran Coun- Masses with adults become too serve the internal participation
ness. Prob- cil, which was pronounced” (no. 38) This means of the children” (no. 22).
ably it origi- afterwards that the Roman Missal is the norm
nated in a mis- confirmed by on which the Masses with chil- 4. Instilling Eucharistic Values
taken notion the authority dren are to be based. There is a close link between
of the abso- of the Council The Conference of Bishops is intelligibility and catechesis.
lute necessity of Trent. required to make adaptations of When people find the Mass mean-
of the Blessed According the Supplement to the Directory. ingless it usually is perceived as
Eucharist for to its provi- If there is none yet then the fol- a religious activity disconnected
salvation, sions children lowing principles are to be our from their life’s concerns and re-
founded on may not be guides: first, every Mass with chil- alities. That is why the Directory
the words of admitted to dren will have to be prepared warns us that the liturgical for-
St. John (vi, the Blessed individually, taking into account mation of children must also be
54). Bishop Socrates
Bishop Socrates Villegas,
Villegas, ECCCE
ECCCE Chairman
Chairman Eucharist un- the particular needs and situation connected to their general edu-
In the reign til they have of the group of children. Second, cation as Christians and humans:
of Charlemagne an edict was published by a Council of Tours (813) attained to years of discretion, but when this period is reached it is necessary to be guided by “indeed it would be harmful if
prohibiting the reception by young children of Communion un- then they are bound to receive this sacrament. the operative principle that for their liturgical formation lacked
less they were in danger of death (Zaccaria, Bibl. Rit., II, p. 161) and When may they be said to have attained the age of discretion? In the preparation of Masses with such a basis” (no. 8).
Odo, Bishop of Paris, renewed this prohibition in 1175. Still the the best-supported view of theologians this phrase means, not the children the current Order of The values that the celebration
custom died hard, for we find traces of it in Hugh of St. Victor (De attainment of a definite number of years, but rather the arrival at a Mass is normative. of the Eucharist promote: com-
Sacr., I, c. 20) and Martène (De Ant. Ecc. Rit., I bk., I, c. 15) alleges that certain stage in mental development, when children become able It is clear that the Directory munity spirit, hospitality, capac-
it had not altogether disappeared in his own day. to discern the Eucharistic from ordinary bread, to realize in some proposes an adaptation of the ity to listen and to seek forgive-
The manner of Communicating infants was by dipping the fin- measure the dignity and excellence of the Sacrament of the Altar, existing Order of the Mass and ness, sense of gratitude, generos-
ger in the consecrated chalice and then applying it to the tongue of to believe in the Real Presence, and adore Christ under the sacra- not creative liturgies for chil- ity to the point of sacrifice, lead-
the child. This would seem to imply that it was only the Precious mental veils. De Lugo (De Euch., disp. xiii, n. 36, Ben. XIV, De Syn., dren. But the work of adaptation ership, family and friendly meals
Blood that was administered, but evidence is not wanting to show vii) says that if children are observed to assist at Mass with devo- is clearly requiring a great deal and festive celebration. These
that the other Consecrated Species was also given in similar cir- tion and attention it is a sign that they are come to this discretion. of creativity. human values are enriched in our
celebrations, giving them Chris-
3. Active Participation tian meaning.
CBCP Monitor
C4 DOCETE Vol. 12 No. 19
September 15 - 28, 2008

Presentation of Summary of
Workshop Findings
By Msgr. Gerardo Santos Photo courtesy of ECCCE

Knowing the Good Shepherd The difference is this: I know the moment, is the summit of all
Some years ago at a social func- Psalm, but he knows the Shepherd!” Christian life.
tion in England, a great actor was That story wraps up our con- Sacraments are not things; they
asked to recite something for the vention. We go back again to the are actions “ actions of Jesus and
pleasure of his fellow guests. He reason why we came here “ we of his people. We must depart
consented. He asked if there was are all catechists. from notions of those who give
anything special which his audi- 1) GDC and NCDP said that there the sacraments versus those who
ence would like to hear. An aged is only one aim in catechesis – and receive. All give… all receive…
minister who was present arose that is for us to have that close re- all celebrate. The highlight of the
and said, “Could you, sir, recite the lationship with Jesus. The experi- talk of Fr. Anscar (Chupungco) is
23rd Psalm?” ence of Jesus needs to be cultivated. that full, active, and conscious
The great actor paused for a 2) We discovered that for the participation is a major achieve-
moment and then said, “I will, but past few days we have been do- ment of the Second Vatican Coun-
on one condition—that you will re- ing a great deal of living out the cil. We do not hear Mass, we cel-
cite it also after I have finished.” The principles outlined by the NCDP ebrate Eucharist.
pastor was taken by surprise, “I’m – Integration, Inculturation and 3) Sacraments are a joint enter-
hardly a public speaker, but if you Community Formation. We prise between Jesus and his people.
wish, I can recite, too.” The actor have integrated our life and faith. Jesus has his part, the people have
began quite impressively. His We have also understood in a their part. It is important that
voice was straight and his into- better manner, inculturation, people are disposed… but the dis- Msgr. Gerardo Santos, ECCCE executive secretary
nation was perfect. The audience with the sharing, the laughter, position of the heart is important.
was spellbound. And when he and the stories that we’ve had. Why? Because the Eucharist is a does the signs say? Our people Sunday celebration. All who cel- cus. That’s another word” Pres-
finished there was great applause But above all we have experi- covenant, a dialogue between need to cultivate the power of ebrate must be personally ence is Focus. Personal presence
from the guests. enced what Church is “ to build Jesus and his people. signs. All who celebrate therefore, present – personally and ener- is the one important ingredient
Now, it was the old pastor’s the church, to be in vision is the 4) Sacraments are celebrations. must make clear, strong, compel- getically paying attention to all that we can bring to the making
turn to recite the Psalm. His voice output of the experience of Jesus, They are subject to the universal ling signs because good signs that is going on both outside and of the contemplative experience”
was not remarkable. His intona- to help create the experience of laws of human communication. make good celebrations. The dif- inside the persons. the experience of God. With pres-
tion was not faultless. But when God, which is the contemplative What we have heard from Fr. ference is impact. At the end of IMPORTANT: Celebration ence comes hospitality. Hospital-
he finished, there was not a dry moment, in the chief goal the Anscar to Fr. Genie and even the liturgy we must ask, have we challenges us to presence. Pres- ity means opening our hearts to
eye in the room. Many heads most important desire outcome from Bishop Soc is that good cel- touched the hearts of our people? ence means I am attentive to what the guests, opening our hearts to
were bowed in reverence. of all Eucharistic celebrations. ebrations foster and nourish The secret of a good homily is is happening. I am there for you. each other. Love translated in li-
The great actor rose to his feet That is a very important sum- faith. Poor and badly prepared when people talk about their Personal presence, paying atten- turgical light is hospital,
and his voice quivered as he said, mary for the past few days. Once celebrations weaken, if not de- homily after the Mass…up to tion to, is the central dynamic that “pagbubukas ng loob”.
“Ladies and gentlemen, I have again, all catechesis must be at stroy the faith. Monday till Friday – where the makes sacramental actions come That is the summary of the past
reached your eyes and your ears. But the service of Liturgy. The expe- The power of signs and sym- homily has nourished the soul. alive and be effective. Another few days”the Theology of celebra-
the minister has reached your hearts. rience of God, that contemplative bols “ let the signs speak, what That is the difference in every word for presence”catechesis fo- tions that brings forth Eucharist.

Office of Education and Faith Formation, Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences, Consultation meeting on Eucharist
and Education in Asia, held on May 25-30, 2008, at the Assumption University, Suvarnabhumi Campus, Thailand.

EUCHARIST and Education brought us to- echists, ministers, and media practitioners. to start and run schools and institutes of higher to integrate in the whole educational process:
gether. We realized the challenges confronting us. In learning. from the rite and ritual to the transformation of
Together, we became and pledge to continue countries such as Malaysia, Vietnam, Myanmar, and In Thailand, though the Catholic population is very the head, heart and soul”the whole of life
to be Eucharist in Education. Mongolia, the main challenges come from restric- small, the contribution of the Church in the field of From the perspective of what we have learned
Called to consultation by the Office of Educa- tions placed by the local governments on the ad- education is recognized and highly appreciated. and discussed we offer the following recom-
tion and Faith Formation of the Federation of ministration of Catholic schools and institutions In Taiwan, Catholic schools, and most especially, mendations:
Asian Bishops Conferences, we have come in of higher learning. In Malaysia, the administration universities, are seen as places where young people · School administrators, chaplains, campus
communion from ten Asian, one European, and of schools is largely in the hands of the govern- are helped to grow in awareness and appreciation ministers, and teachers should strengthen their
two Latin American countries. There are more ment. In Vietnam, the government almost com- for the Eucharist. In Myanmar, efforts are being commitment to effective catechesis and Eucha-
than thirty of us – bishops, priests, brothers, pletely took over the schools. In Myanmar, the made by the Church to provide education. Dio- ristic celebration in campus.
nuns, lay faithful, catechists, teachers and stu- Church does not have Catholic schools. In ceses are sending students abroad so that they may · Our students, children and the youth should
dents involved in Catholic education and in Mongolia, there is practically no knowledge or contribute to the mission of the local Church upon be invited to take more active part in the celebra-
non-formal and informal education, a represen- experience of the Eucharist, and government law their return. tion of the Holy Eucharist and other liturgies.
tative from the Christian Conference of Asia, on education prohibits the teaching of religion. In Sri Lanka, the rate of literacy and the percent- For this to be effective, chaplains and campus
executive secretary of the Office of Consecrated In Sri Lanka, there used to be a dual system of age of women in education is rather high. More- ministers should be trained and dedicated to pre-
Life, and the officials of OIEC (Office Interna- schools”government schools and denominational over, because of the deterioration in the quality in pare better for the reception of the Sacrament,
tional de l’ Enseignmente Catholique). We are or religious schools, the latter group being sup- government-run schools, an interreligious group, always ready to adapt the celebration to the minds
gathered in Assumption University in Bangkok, ported by the government. But in 1960, most of the which includes the Catholic Church, is proposing and situation of the students, young or old.
Thailand these final days of May 2008 to reflect schools were compulsorily taken over by the gov- to the government that the different religions be · School administrators should reach out to
on Eucharist and Education in Asia. ernment leaving only 65 private schools, 25 of given more management rights in their former parents”the first educators in the faith”to help
Sacramentum Caritatis brought us together. which were Catholic. Over the years, regrettably, schools. There are high hopes that this proposal them cultivate the love for the Eucharist in the
It is the Post Synodal Exhortation issued on Feb- those government-run schools deteriorated in stan- will be approved. home so that on Sundays, which are non-school
ruary 22, 2007, the Feast of the Chair of St. Peter, dard and discipline. Another problem is that though With all these shared experiences, we look to the days, the whole family celebrates the Mass.
by our Holy Father, Pope Benedict XVI, and ad- the government has the policy of making compul- Eucharist as the sacrament that is the source of our · In the face of the shortage of priests and reli-
dressed to the bishops, clergy, consecrated per- sory the teaching of whatever may be the religion inspiration and strength. As it counters the materi- gious, a more concerted effort must be made to
sons and the lay faithful on the topic the Eucha- of individual pupils, whether the school concerned alistic effects of globalization it gives strength and train and empower the laity to assist in the edu-
rist as the Source and Summit of the life and is private or public, there is a shortage of religion impetus to evangelization. If we have been taught cation and celebration of the Eucharist.
mission of the Church. We are here to consult teachers for Christians in public schools. This situ- that Lex orandi, Lex credendi , that we pray as we · Beyond the liturgical activities, the teaching
one another and exchange insights and experi- ation forces some students to take another religion believe, we have learned to add Lex docendi, Lex of morality needs to be stressed”Christian vir-
ences on the understanding of the Eucharist in subject if only to prepare themselves for the public educandi, Lex vivendi: just as we pray according to tues as well as basic human values. Thus would
education in our respective countries, how we examination. how and what we believe, so we live according to our students learn respect for others, especially
celebrate the Eucharist in our schools, and how In India, Korea, Thailand and Taiwan, where the what we teach and how we educate. the poor and underprivileged, and respect for
we may make the Eucharist a living reality in running of Catholic schools and universities con- The format of Sacramentum Caritatis thus be- other religions and cultures.
ourselves and in our educational institutions. tinue to remain in the hands of the Church, the comes the framework of our renewed vision of · Teachers and administrators of our schools
Our reflections and our sharing are our con- challenges include creating a greater awareness and Catholic formation and education: what we believe, should regularly update and re-train themselves
tribution to the preparation for the 9th Plenary appreciation of the Eucharist among the young, we celebrate; what we celebrate and believe, we live. as much in pedagogy and management as in the
Assembly of the Federation of Asian Bishops especially in the face of globalization. What is it that we believe about the Eucharist? purpose and spirit of Catholic education
Conferences which will be held under the theme In the Philippines, a country with a predomi- What do we see as its implications for us in educa- To achieve our dreams and longings to make
“Living the Eucharist in Asia”. nantly Catholic population, one of the main chal- tion? What are its consequences for our life? the Eucharist the source and summit of our life
From our discussions we recommend practi- lenges remains the shortage of priests. At present, We accept the principles, direction and spirit of and mission, we need the cooperation of every-
cal and pastoral ways and means to make Catho- there is practically just one priest for thousands of the Apostolic Exhortation. In the Eucharist we re- one: administrators, parents, teachers and stu-
lic Schools and other institutions of learning (10,000) Catholics. ceive Christ himself, risen and glorified in the Holy dents. This we shall endeavor to do.
Eucharistic in the context of Asia, that is, how These challenges do not blind us to the elements Spirit, who includes us, the Church, in his work. We When we shall have imbibed the fullness of
we may not only celebrate but even more share of hope we continue to see in the Church in Asia. celebrate the Eucharist in obedience to Christ’s com- the Eucharist, we hope to be able to live it as
the Eucharist by becoming Eucharist ourselves. In Malaysia, the difficulty of having faith for- mand, based on our experience of the Risen Lord Pope Benedict XVI affirms it should be lived: as
From the start we took to heart the words of mation and the celebration of the Eucharist has and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit (SC 36,37). a mystery to be offered to the world, as the food
Pope Benedict XVI that Sacramentum Caritatis, meant that parishes are now the main context of We affirm that the Eucharist is the embodiment of truth and human need, the school at which
“the sacrament of charity, the Holy Eucharist is catechesis and Eucharistic celebrations. of God’s love and we accept that we must lead our we learn to assume not just our religious roles
the gift that Jesus Christ makes of himself, thus re- The Church in the Philippines has made reli- communities to see its link to the Holy Scriptures in life but our specific political and social re-
vealing to us God’s infinite love for every man and gion the core of the curriculum in Catholic schools. and to the person of Jesus himself. We need to ac- sponsibilities.
woman.” (SC,1.) This enables the school community to make the cept the Bible as the Living Word of God: It is alive. We shall continue to feel for and be one with
We took as framework for our discussions link between the Eucharist and life. In it, we live. From it and because of it we find life our suffering brothers and sisters in the world”in
the very format of the Pope’s Apostolic Exhor- The Korean Church has come to discover the and our mission to share. this particular time, the victims of the earth-
tation, namely, that the Eucharist is a Mystery importance of co-existence, that is, living in har- We believe that the Holy Scripture, the Eucha- quakes in China, the cyclones in Myanmar and
to be Believed, a Mystery to be Celebrated, and mony with people of other faiths and beliefs. The rist, and Jesus cannot be separated. What we learn in the United States, and many others who are
a Mystery to be Lived. Following the vener- promotion and preservation of human rights is also from one should lead us to the other. In our per- victims not just of natural calamities but of hu-
able pedagogical method of seeing, reflecting, an essential part of the mission of the local Church. sons, communities and institutions they must find man injustice and heartlessness.
and acting, we divided our days into periods In Mongolia where the Church is relatively no partition or division, only unity. The Eucharist makes us one with all in sor-
when we could SEE the Eucharist in the context young, though the challenges remain numerous, Where the Catholic community is a minority, row as well as in joy. It gives us hope that Jesus
of education in our respective countries, RE- the Church continues to be hopeful in the task of which is the situation in most of our Asian coun- is our companion on our way, our food that
FLECT on Eucharist in our campuses in the light evangelization. tries, the Eucharist is for us the center for together- satisfies our hunger for truth and freedom (SC,2).
of the rich tradition of the Church and ACT to- In India, much is being done to inculturate the ness, even for survival. In it we find comfort. It reminds us of what Jesus said when he multi-
wards a renewed dynamics of Eucharist in our Mass so that the celebration of the Eucharist be- Through it we become one. plied the loaves and the fishes: “You yourselves,
schools. comes more meaningful for young people. Where the Eucharist is celebrated in our schools you give them something to eat” (Mt 14,16). It
We shared our thoughts and experiences from In Vietnam, the government has allowed the anywhere, we see the need for better preparation tells us that with Jesus we are called to be bread
our respective viewpoints in different countries Church to open kindergartens. Together with the for it, and for a more dedicated attempt to relate it broken for the life of the world.
as bishops, priests, nuns, brothers, consecrated pastoral centers recently established for catechism to the youth, so that they become more active par- Eucharist and Education brought us together.
persons, and lay faithful; as school administra- classes, theology, and pastoral activity, this is a sign ticipants in this Sacrament of Life. Its richness we Together we became and pledge to continue to
tors, teachers, students, parents, chaplains, cat- of hope that eventually the Church will be allowed must learn to appreciate, its wealth we must learn be—Eucharist in Education.