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# Activity No.

3
Date:_____________
Name: _____________________________
Gr.8-Compassion
Group No. _______
Score: ___________
Focus and Epicenter
Concept and Terminologies:
Focus or hypocenter is the point beneath the earths surface where the rocks
break.
Epicenter is above the focus on the earths surface.
I.
Objective:
The students are expected to;
a. differentiate focus from epicenter;
b. create a fault model; and
c. demonstrate how movement along faults affect the surroundings.
II.
Materials: pen, book, worksheet, fault model, scissors, paste
III.
Procedure:
1. Create a fault model.
1.1 Photocopy the Fault Model. Then cut along the outlines of the two drawings.
1.2. Fold along the lines and paste where indicated. In the end, you should have a
model consisting of two parts that fit together.
1.3. The upper surface of the model represents the surface of the Earth. The trace of
the fault on the surface of the Earth is called the fault line. Be ready to point out the
fault line when your teacher calls on you.
1.4. Pull the two pieces apart. The flat surface between the two pieces is called the
fault plane. This is where fault slip or fault movement happens. Point out the fault
plane when your teacher asks you.
1.5. The place where the fault begins to slip is called the focus. It is where the first
movement occurs. Thus, the focus is the origin of the earthquake. Be ready to
explain it to your teacher.
1.6. Put the two pieces of the model together. The focus is now hidden
underground. Now, imagine a vertical line from the focus to the upper surface of the
model. Mark the place where you expect the line to come out.
The spot directly above the focus on the surface of the Earth is called the epicenter.
Show the epicenter of your model to your teacher.
1.7. Use your model to show different types of movement along a fault.
2. Differentiate focus from epicenter.
3. Demonstrate how movement along faults affect the surroundings.
4. Answer the following questions below.

A. Fault Model

## Science Teacher: ANGELO B. DE GUZMAN

B.

1. What

2. How

IV.

Guide
Questions
is the difference
between
epicenter and
focus?

would the
surroundings be
affected?

Co
nclusion:
I learned

## from this activity that

_______________________________________

## Science Teacher: ANGELO B. DE GUZMAN

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