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Publishing Date: Friday, 4 November, 2016.

Vol: 1
Done by: Aya Makkawi, Kawthar Hantro, Samira Hussien

chizophrenia is a
serious, chronic
metal class of
disorder-a disease of
the brain- that is
characterized by loss
of contact with reality
and disturbances of
thought, mood, and
perception. It is also
known as a split
mind; the person is in
a world that has
nothing to do with
everyday experiences.
The world
schizophrenia comes
from the Greek schizo,
meaning split and

phrenia refers to the


diaphragm once
thought to be the
location of persons
mind and soul. When
the word
schizophrenia was
established by
European psychiatrists,
they meant to describe
a shattering, or
breakdown, of basic
psychological

functions. Eugene
Bleuler is best known
today for his
introduction of the
term schizophrenia
to describe the
disorder previously
known as dementia
praecox and for his
studies of
schizophrenics.
However, because it
has been
misunderstood for so
long, it has received
relatively little
attention and its
victims have been
undeservingly

stigmatized
schizophrenia is not a
split personality, rare
and very different
disorder. Schizophrenia
is, in fact, a relatively
common disease, with
an estimated 2.5
million of the U.S
population being
diagnosed with it
over the course of
their lives.

n general
schizophrenia
symptoms include,
Beliefs not based on
reality such as the
belief that theres a
conspiracy against
you, Seeing or hearing
things that dont exist
especially voices,
Incoherent speech,
Lack of emotions,
Emotions inappropriate
to the situation, Angry
outbursts, Catatonic
behavior, A persistent
feeling of being
watched, Trouble
functioning at school,
Social isolation
,Clumsy( uncoordinate
d movements).

ypes of
schizophrenia;
Paranoid:
Delusions and
hallucinations;
Catatonic: unusual
motor activity, extreme

negativism, peculiar
posturing; Hebephrenic
or disorganized early
ages: disorganized
speech, flat affect,
some hallucinations
and delusions;
Undifferentiatedschizophrenia
symptoms that dont
really neatly fit a
diagnosis; Residual: at
least one episode of
schizophrenia
experienced in the
past, but no longer
exhibiting signs of the
disorder.

auses: its not


known what
causes
schizophrenia.
However, researchers
believe that an

interaction of genetics
and environment may
cause schizophrenia.
Problems with certain
naturally occurring
brain chemicals,
including the
neurotransmitters
dopamine and
glutamate, also may
contribute to
schizophrenia.
Neuroimaging studies
show differences in the
brain structure and
central nervous
systems of people with
schizophrenia .while
researchers arent fully
certain about the
significance of these
changes, they support
evidence that
schizophrenia is a
brain disease.
Risk

factors:

Schizophrenia affects
about 1 percent of the
general population. In
the people who have
close relatives with
schizophrenia, the
illness is much more
common _ about 10
percent. In men,
schizophrenia
symptoms typically

start in the teens


or 20s. In women,
schizophrenia
symptoms typically
begin in the 20s or
early 30s.
Researchers have
identified certain
factors that seem
to increase the risk
of developing or
triggering
schizophrenia
including, having a
family history of
schizophrenia,
exposure to viruses
while in the womb,
malnutrition while in
the womb, stressful life
circumstances, older
paternal age, taking
psychoactive drugs
during adolescence.

hen to seek
medical
advice, when
you have any

trust. They can take


the first steps to
successful treatment.
Tests

symptoms of
schizophrenia, seek
medical help as soon
as possible.
Schizophrenia doesnt
get better on its own,
and usually worsens
without treatment.
Getting treatment from
a mental health
provider with
experience in
schizophrenia can help
you learn ways to
manage your
symptoms so that you
have the best chance
to continue on with a
productive and happy
life. If youre reluctant
to seek treatment, try
to work up to courage
to confide in someone,
whether its a friend or
loved one, a health
care professional, a
faith leader or
someone else you

and diagnosis:

1. Physical exam: this


may include measuring
height and weight;
checking vital signs,
such as heart rate,
blood pressure and
temperature; listening
to the heart and lungs;
examining the
abdomen.
2. Laboratory tests:
these may include a
complete blood count
(CBC). Screening for
alcohol and drugs, and
imaging studies, such
as an MRI or CT scan.

3. Psychological

evaluation: a doctor or
mental health provider
will talk to you about
your thoughts, feelings
and behavior patterns.
He or she will ask

about delusions or
hallucinations and
check for signs of
psychosis. You may
also fill out
psychological selfassessments and
questionnaires. You
may be asked about
substance or alcohol
abuse. And with
permission, family
members or close
friends may be asked
to provide information
about your symptoms.

omplications
that
schizophrenia

may cause: suicide;


self-destructive
behavior, such as self
injury; depression;
abuse of alcohol, drugs
or prescription
medications; poverty;
homelessness; family
conflicts; inability to
work or attend school ;
health problems from
antipsychotic
medications ; being a
victim or perpetrator of
violent crime; heart
diseases, often related
to heavy smoking.

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