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AMMONIUM SULFATE

CHEMICAL PRODUCT
Synonym: Sulfluric Acid, Diammonium Salt
Chemical Name: Ammonium Sulfate
Chemical Formula: (NH4)2SO4

HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of
inhalation.

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES


Small Spill:
Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water
on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Large Spill:
Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the
contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.

HANDLING AND STORAGE


Precautions:
Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective
clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice
immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such
as oxidizing agents.
Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.

TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Routes of Entry: Inhalation. Ingestion.
Chronic Effects on Humans: Not available.
Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.
Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:
It may be a possible mutagen. It has been tested for mutagenicity, but so far tests have been inconclusive or test
information has not been made available.
Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:
Acute Potential Health Effects: Skin: Causes skin irritation. Eyes: Causes eye irritation. Inhalation: May cause respiratory
tract irritation. Ingestion: When ingested, its osmolarity can draw water from the body into the bowel, acting as a laxative.
However, if enough is absorbed systemically it may produce Ammonia poisoning. Symptoms may include gastrointestinal
(digestive) tract irritation with nausea, vomiting, hypermotility, diarrhea. May also affect eyes (Mydriasis), behavior/central
nervous system (somnolence, tremor, convulsions, muscle contraction or spasticity), and respiratory system (respiratory
stimulation, dyspnea). Also, with ingestion of large doses of Ammonium Sulfate arises the possibility of sufficient
absorption to produce diuresis, an excessive discharge of urine, and kidney damage (renal tubular disorder, abnormal
renal function). Chronic Potential Health Effects: One Russian occupational standard study discussed chronic exposure
effects which may include cardiac contraction, neurotoxicity, and hypertension. This has not been confirmed in other
ammonium sulfate exposed workers.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES


Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Crystals solid.)
Odor: Odorless.
Taste: Not available.
Molecular Weight: 132.14 g/mole
Color: brownish gray to white
pH (1% soln/water): Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Melting Point: 280C (536F)\
Critical Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity: 1.77 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.
Solubility: Soluble in cold water. Insoluble in acetone.