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Conversion factors

Used to convert

km to miles, m to km, mol to g, g to mol, etc.

To use this we need: 1) desired quantity,

2) given quantity, 3) conversion factors

Conversion factors are valid relationships or

equities expressed as a fraction

E.g. for 1 km=0.6 miles the conversion factor is

1 km

0.6 miles

or

0.6 miles

1 km

Q. write conversion factors for 1 foot =12 inches

Q. what conversion factors can you think of that

involve meters?

always true. There are conversion factors

that are only true for specific questions

E.g. A recipe calls for 2 eggs, 1 cup of flour

and 0.5 cups of sugar

We can use these conversion factors

factor label method. The steps involved are:

1. Write down the desired quantity/units

2. Equate the desired quantity to given quantity

3. Determine what conversion factors you can

use (both universal and question specific)

4. Multiply given quantity by the appropriate

conversion factors to eliminate units you

dont want and leave units you do want

5. Complete the math

(note: 1 km = 0.621 miles)

More examples

1. You want to buy 100 U.S. dollars. If the

exchange rate is 1 Can$ = 0.65 US$, how

much will it cost?

How many L will 300 grams of CO2 occupy?

(hint: the molar mass of CO2 is ____ g/mol).

Assignment

Answer questions using the factor label method:

1. How many moles of H2 are in 100 g of H2?

2. 300 g of CuSO4 is needed in an experiment.

How many moles does this represent?

3. A chemical reaction requires 23.78 moles of

silver chloride. How many grams is this?

4. Calculate how many feet are in 1 meter (use

information from the examples above).

5. With a U.S. dollar you can buy 1.1 Euros,

130 Yen, or 25 Rubles. How many Yen can

you buy with one Ruble?

2 eggs

0.5 cups sugar

2 eggs

,

,

1 cup flour

1 cup flour

0.5 cups sugar

involves 2 H2 molecules combining with 1 O2

molecule to make 2 H2O molecules. Write all

possible conversion factors

equate desired

quantity to the

given quantity

Multiply given

quantity by chosen

conversion factor

Now finish the math.

in a centimeter, and 3 feet in a yard. How

many cm are in one yard?

sodium chloride. How many grams is this?

(hint: form a conversion factor using Avogadros #)

chemical reaction. How many moles of

calcium phosphate does this represent?

8. According to the equation 2H2 + O2 2H2O,

how many grams of H2O would be produced

if 7.35 mol of O2 is used up? (hint: you will

need two conversion factors 1 from the

balanced equation and 1 from a molar mass)

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