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Name

: Defri Budianto
Reg.Number : C1C6 13 186
Illocutionary Analysis in Price Caspian Movie: The Sand of Time
1. Representatives are those kinds of speech act that commit the speaker to truth of the
expressed proposition, and thus carry a truth-value. They express the speakers
belief. Paradigmatic cases include asserting, claiming, concluding, reporting and
stating. In performing this type of speech act, the speaker represents the world as he
or she believes it is, thus making the world fit to the world to belief. When Sam told
you, Its raining out, he was trying to get him to think he believed it was raining
out.
Example:
[00:08:19 -- 00:08: 26]
BIS

: Remind me why were disobeying your brothers order?

DASTAN

: Because Garsiv thought it has to be attacked at front, it will be a

massacre. (Reporting)
2. Directives are those kinds of speech act that represent attempts by the speaker to get
the addressee to do something. They express the speakers desire/wish for the
addressee to do something. Paradigmatic cases include advice, commands, orders,
questions and requests. In using directive, the speaker intends to elicit some future
course of action on the part of the addressee, thus making the world match the world
via the addressee.
Example:
[0:09:45 -- 00:09:52]
BIS

: That gate's mechanism is protected by two man guards towers.

DASTAN

: There's always a way in Bis, you take care of the outer gate.

(Ordering)

3. Commissives are those kinds of speech act that commit the speaker to some future
course of action. They express the speakers intention to do something. Paradigmatic
cases include offers, pledges, promises, refusals, and threats.

In the case of a

commissives, the world is adapted to the words via the speaker him- or herself.

Name
: Defri Budianto
Reg.Number : C1C6 13 186
Example:
[00:37:40 -- 00:37:47]
TAMINA : Theres must be a reason why you cant take your eyes of me.
DASTAN : Youre.. I.. I don't trust you, and you're not my type. (Refusing)

4. Expressives are those kinds of speech act that express a psychological attitude or state
in the speaker such as joy, sorrow and likes/dislikes. Paradigmatic cases include
apologizing, blaming, congratulating, praising, and thanking. This type of speech act,
in performing the act of an expressive, the speaker makes known what he or she feels,
thus rendering the world to fit the world of feeling.
Example:
[00:09:52 -- 00:09:58]
BIS

: You leave the impossible one to me. Garsiv won't be happy if

you get us all killed.


DASTAN

: Oh. Wonderful speech, Bis. (Praising)

5. Declarations (or Declarative) are those kinds of speech act that effect immediate
changes in some current state of affairs. Because they tend to rely on elaborate
extralinguistic institutions for their successful performance, they may be called
institutionalized performatives. In performing this type of speech act, the speaker
brings about the changes in the world; that is he or she effects a correspondence
between the propositional content and the world. Paradigmatic
bidding

in

bridge,

declaring

cases

include

war, excommunicating, firing from

employment, and nominating a candidate.


Example:
[01:33:00 -- 01:33:10]
DASTAN

: Nizam! You murdered your own family. Sharaman was your

brother! (Declaring)
NIZAM

: And my curse.