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ACE6000 METER

USER DOCUMENTATION
TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE

Copyright 2007 ACTARIS SAS


All rights reserved
This guide must not be reproduced, recorded or transmitted, partly or totally by any electronic, mechanical
device or other means without the prior written consent of ACTARIS SAS.
This product complies with the relative European Economic Community directives that are applicable at the
date of commercialisation as long as it has been correctly installed, maintained and used for the purposes
for which it has been designed. It is also understood that relevant professional practices have been
employed and that the ACTARIS SAS instructions have been followed.
The following characteristics, dimensions and diagrams bind ACTARIS SAS only after confirmation.

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ACE6000 METER

SUMMARY
General Information ...................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1. MAIN FEATURES ......................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1.1.
Energy Registering ............................................................................................................................ 4
1.1.2.
Demand Registers ............................................................................................................................. 5
1.1.3.
Load Profiling ..................................................................................................................................... 6
1.1.4.
Power Supply ..................................................................................................................................... 6
1.1.5.
Back-up .............................................................................................................................................. 7
1.1.6.
Time Switch / Tariff Rate Calendar .................................................................................................. 7
1.1.7.
End of Billing ...................................................................................................................................... 7
1.1.8.
Real Time Clock (RTC) ..................................................................................................................... 7
1.1.9.
Display ................................................................................................................................................ 7
1.1.10.
Output Options ............................................................................................................................... 8
1.1.11.
Optical Communication Port ......................................................................................................... 9
1.1.12.
Electrical Communication Port ...................................................................................................... 9
1.1.13.
Modem Management ..................................................................................................................... 9
1.1.14.
Logical Devices and Clients .......................................................................................................... 9
1.1.15.
Network and Tamper Monitoring .................................................................................................. 9
2.
Installation procedures ................................................................................................................................ 11
2.1. DIMENSIONS, FIXING AND IDENTIFICATION ....................................................................................... 11
2.2. ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.................................................................................................................. 13
2.3. USING THE LABEL HOLDER.................................................................................................................... 16
2.4. OPERATING CONDITIONS ....................................................................................................................... 17
2.5. APPLICABLE STANDARDS ...................................................................................................................... 17
3.
Functions description: ................................................................................................................................. 17
3.1. METROLOGY .............................................................................................................................................. 18
3.1.1.
Meter connection: ............................................................................................................................ 18
3.1.2.
Network ............................................................................................................................................ 18
3.1.3.
Available quantities .......................................................................................................................... 18
3.1.4.
Aggregate energies calculation mode ............................................................................................ 20
3.1.5.
Power calculation: ............................................................................................................................ 22
3.1.6.
Rms current and voltage measurement per phase ....................................................................... 23
3.1.7.
Zero sequences U and I .................................................................................................................. 23
3.1.8.
Power factor ..................................................................................................................................... 23
3.1.9.
Energy Summation .......................................................................................................................... 23
3.2. QUALIMETRY NETWORK SURNEY ..................................................................................................... 25
3.2.1.
Voltage Cuts ..................................................................................................................................... 25
3.2.2.
Voltage Sags .................................................................................................................................... 25
3.2.3.
Voltage Swells.................................................................................................................................. 26
3.2.4.
Frequency ........................................................................................................................................ 26
3.2.5.
Phase angles (Ii ,Ui) ......................................................................................................................... 26
3.2.6.
In between Voltage Angles (U2,U1); (U3,U2); (U1,U3) and Phase sequence ................................ 26
3.2.7.
Current reversal ............................................................................................................................... 27
3.2.8.
Number of days without internal consumption above a threshold ............................................... 27
3.2.9.
Power failure .................................................................................................................................... 27
3.3. ENERGY REGISTERING ........................................................................................................................... 29
3.3.1.
Energy Calculation algorithm .......................................................................................................... 29
3.3.2.
Total energy ..................................................................................................................................... 29
3.3.3.
Energy rates: .................................................................................................................................... 30
3.4. DEMAND REGISTERING .......................................................................................................................... 31
3.4.1.
Demand Calculation Algorithm ....................................................................................................... 32
3.4.2.
Power factor calculation .................................................................................................................. 34
3.4.3.
Excess demand ............................................................................................................................... 35
3.4.4.
Maximum registering mode ............................................................................................................. 36
3.5. LOAD PROFILES ........................................................................................................................................ 37
3.5.1.
Quantities processed ....................................................................................................................... 37
3.5.2.
Configurability of load profiles ......................................................................................................... 38
1.

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3.5.3.
Status information ............................................................................................................................ 39
3.6. Billing Periods .............................................................................................................................................. 41
3.6.1.
Overview........................................................................................................................................... 41
3.6.2.
Description ....................................................................................................................................... 41
3.6.3.
End of billing sources ...................................................................................................................... 41
3.6.4.
Lock-out time .................................................................................................................................... 42
3.6.5.
End of billing data ............................................................................................................................ 42
3.6.6.
Dates of End of Billing ..................................................................................................................... 43
3.6.7.
Processing........................................................................................................................................ 43
3.7. Real Time Clock (RTC) ............................................................................................................................... 44
3.7.1.
Time keeping.................................................................................................................................... 44
3.7.2.
Date and Time Management .......................................................................................................... 44
3.7.3.
RTC Advise ...................................................................................................................................... 47
3.8. TARIFFICATION ......................................................................................................................................... 48
3.8.1.
Index Parameters: ........................................................................................................................... 48
3.8.2.
Calendar ........................................................................................................................................... 49
3.9. MANAGEMENT OF ALARMS AND LOGGING OF EVENTS ................................................................. 51
3.9.1.
Log book Content ............................................................................................................................ 52
3.9.2.
Alarms............................................................................................................................................... 53
3.9.3.
Alarm notification: ............................................................................................................................ 56
3.9.4.
Histories ............................................................................................................................................ 57
3.10. COMMUNICATIONS ................................................................................................................................ 59
3.10.1.
Generality ..................................................................................................................................... 59
3.11. Communication ports ................................................................................................................................ 59
3.11.1.
Physical links ................................................................................................................................ 59
3.11.2.
Access rights ................................................................................................................................ 65
3.12. AUXILIARY OUTPUTS ............................................................................................................................. 66
3.12.1.
Metrological LED .......................................................................................................................... 66
3.12.2.
Control outputs ............................................................................................................................. 66
3.12.3.
Pulse outputs................................................................................................................................ 67
3.13. ANTI TAMPER FEATURES ..................................................................................................................... 68
3.13.1.
Cover opening .............................................................................................................................. 68
4.
Display Function .......................................................................................................................................... 69
4.1. DISPLAYED DATA INFORMATION .......................................................................................................... 69
4.2. . Pushbutton use ......................................................................................................................................... 70
4.3. DISPLAY MODES ....................................................................................................................................... 70
4.3.1.
Display sequences........................................................................................................................... 72
4.3.2.
Description of available function with reset push button ............................................................... 77
5.
Meter site installation .................................................................................................................................. 78
5.1. POWER UP ................................................................................................................................................. 78
5.1.1.
Preliminary verifications before the meter is powered up ............................................................. 78
5.1.2.
Battery connection ........................................................................................................................... 79
5.1.3.
Powering up the meter .................................................................................................................... 80
5.1.4.
Verification of consumption of the meter ........................................................................................ 80
5.2. PARAMETER MODIFICATION ON LCD ................................................................................................. 81
5.3. PUSHBUTTON SITE INSTALLATION PROCEDURE FLOWCHART .................................................... 82
6.
APPENDIXES.............................................................................................................................................. 83
6.1. BATTERY REPLACEMENT ....................................................................................................................... 83
6.2. ERROR MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................................................ 84
6.3. METER HARDWARE RESET .................................................................................................................... 85
6.4. Certification of DC meters : Connection / Disconnection of IP Link ........................................................ 86
6.5. Display List................................................................................................................................................... 88
6.6. MID Menu Display list ................................................................................................................................. 94

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ACE6000 METER

1. General Information
The Actaris ACE6000 meter is a new generation polyphase fully programmable static meter, allowing billing
and management applications in IEC/DIN/BS compliant countries and MID countries, from big commercial
centers to industrial sites.
The ACE6000 meter is available either for direct connection or for measuring transformer connection. The
meters can be used as stand-alone units (parameters are visualized on the LCD display), or in a full system,
backed by software, for configuration programming, data collection (including remote reading) and data
processing. The ACE6000 meter offers great flexibility of applications, as well as simplicity and reliability in
operation.

1.1. MAIN FEATURES


The ACE6000 is a complete metering system, presented in a panel mounted DIN compatible casing.
Several output features, communication ports (optical [according to IEC62056] and electrical [according to
RS232 or RS485]) are available, using standardized protocols.
The meter integrates energy metering, maximum demand, and load profiling (up to 16 channels) in a single
unit. Diagnostic events are date stamped and stored into a logbook of events (circular table of 500 events).
A historical register of data is also kept in memory. Up to 8 rates, independent between 10 energy channels
and 10 demand channels, are supported by a powerful integrated time switch. This allows up to 24 daily
profiles, with up to 16 switching times, and up to 100 exclusion days. An auto-ranging power supply (from
3x57,7/100V to 3 x 240/415 V), together with an extremely wide measuring range, allows a single meter type
to be used across various installation conditions within one utility area, thus reducing inventory costs.

1.1.1. Energy Registering


Total Energy Registering
This ACE6000 meter provides total energy registering for all energy quantities.
Total energy registers are dedicated to store the total consumption in one register, independently of tariffs.
These registers are never reset at the end of a billing period.
They can be used for single tariff applications, whatever the resource level.
Energy Registering
According to the chosen resource level, up to 10 independent energy channels can be selected from the list
of energy quantities.
Tariffs are applied to these channels with a maximum of 8 rate registers per channel,
and an overall total number of 32 rates registers. A unique rate is active for each channel at any time.
Meter configuration is totally flexible. It is possible to have different rate configuration in different energy
channels.
Example:
Several rates for the active energy and one single rate for the reactive energy.
Specific registers are dedicated to store the working time of each energy rate register (in seconds). These
registers are never reset.
The ACE6000 meter offers two possible modes of accumulating energy in rate registers. Either the energy
rate registers are reset at the end of a billing period, or they are never reset and the energy will continue to
accumulate during the next billing periods.
At the end of a billing period, the energy registers are read and stored in historical registers.
Up to 36 historical register sets are available in a circular memory.
The resolution of energy quantities measurement is 100 mWh/mvarh (secondary values). Before storage (in
primary values), they are divided by a programmable ratio, to get a resolution of 1 Wh, 1 kWh, or 1 MWh, in
order to optimize the storage range, according to the CT.VT ratio. The meter can manage up to 8 significant
figures and 4 decimals for an energy value.
The maximum register value is just below 100 TWh. When a register reaches its maximum value, it is
automatically reset and restarts from zero, just as an electromechanical counter.

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ACE6000 METER
1.1.2. Demand Registers
Demand Channels and Tariffs
According to the chosen resource level, up to 10 independent demand channels can be selected from the list
of energy quantities the meter can measure, plus 1 quantity which is the aggregate power factor. Tariffs are
applied to these channels (except aggregate power factor) with a maximum of 8 rate registers per channel,
and an overall total number of 24 rate registers for demands.
At any time, several rates can be active for a demand channel, and it is possible to have different rate
configurations in each demand channel. Demand registers are dedicated to store the average demand over
a fixed time called integration period. The main processes linked to the calculation of the Demand are the
following:
instantaneous demand and power factor calculation (updated each second)
average demand calculation over an integration period
average 3-phase power factor calculation over an integration period
maximum demand calculation and storage of the 5 highest peaks in the billing period
minimum power factor calculation and storage of the lowest values in the billing period
average power factor calculation and storage in the billing period
threshold comparison for excess demand detection
time stamping
net and cumulative maximum demand memorisation.
At the end of each interval, the demand registers are processed.
The current demand registers are then reset to zero, to begin counting for the next demand.
Demand Functionalities
The ACE6000 meter integration period is programmable from 1 minute to 60 minutes.
Two modes: block period or sliding period. For sliding period, a maximum of ten subintervals can be
programmed.
Only one integration period mode and time can be programmed, which is common for all demand channels.
A rising value is available for each demand channel, and represents the current demand value at any given
time during the integration period.
This register is refreshed every second, as well as the elapsed time in the integration period.
Specific actions can be programmed according to the value of the demand, in order to inform the customer
about possible excess demand:
Comparison every second of the rising demand with a threshold
Comparison every second of the demand extrapolation to the end of the period with a threshold;
this comparison being inhibited during the first 30% of the period
Control at the end of the integration period to a threshold.
Sliding period: A selected number of subintervals make up the demand period. At the end of every
subinterval, a new demand calculation occurs, based on the last full demand interval: as an example,
after the first complete sliding period including 5 subintervals, when the next subinterval (the sixth) is
reached, the new calculation doesnt take into account the first subinterval, and so on.
During the same billing period, the meter stores the five highest peaks of demands, with their dates and time
stamps, the minimum value of the power factor, with date and time stamps, and the average value of the
power factor.
Maximum demands are available as cumulative values, and net values. The memorisation linked to the
power factor is:
Minimum aggregate power factor with time stamp
Average aggregate power factor since the beginning of the billing period.
The end of integration period can be triggered by several ways:
by the internal clock of the meter
by a time change
after a power failure
after a change of tariff rate

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ACE6000 METER
In case of power failure it is possible to program the behaviour:
restart: a new integration period starts after power up
resume: the period which was interrupted by power failure continues after power up in order to
keep a complete integration period
synchronise: the integration period is always synchronised with the round hour.
The measurements obtained from an incomplete period can either be kept or discarded (for maximum
demand calculation and for excess demand control). The input quantities provided for demand calculation
have a resolution of 100 mWh (or mVAh or mvarh) so the minimum resolution for a demand rate is 100
mW (or mVA or mvar) secondary values. Before storage (in primary values), they are divided by a
programmable ratio to get 1 W, 1 KW, or 1 MW resolution in order to optimise the storage range, according
to the CT.VT ratio. The meter can manage up to 8 figures which can include 0 up to 4 decimals for a demand
value. If a metering result would require a higher figure, the result is frozen at the maximum possible value.

1.1.3. Load Profiling


The ACE6000 meter allows up to 2 x 8 independent load profile channels to be selected from the list of
energy quantities, including excess plus 1 quantity for the aggregate power factor, plus 6 quantities for the
RMS voltages and the RMS currents, plus one quantity for frequency.
Recorded in the load profile array are data elements, status elements, and date elements.
Data elements are stored on 2 bytes: Each quantity allocated to a load profile channel is integrated over a
period of time (the recording interval). Then it can be stored as such, or divided by the recording interval (in
order to calculate its average value) before storage. This recording interval can be different from the
integration period. It is programmable from 1 minute to 1440 minutes. Each batch of 8 channels can have a
different independant integration period. LP channels can be displayed on LCD. Status elements are
recorded over 4 bytes.
If applicable, a specific event is described and date stamped in an additional data element (Clock setting,
Daylight saving time, External synchronisation, power failure). A date element (3 bytes) is inserted each day
at 00h00.
The maximum capacity for a recording interval of 15 minutes is 148 days when 8 channels are used.

1.1.4. Power Supply


The ACE6000 meter has 2 different possible power supplies :
- A low voltage three-phase one (cost effective, dedicated only to low voltage configuration) 3 x 240/415
- An auto-ranging three-phase one (dedicated to any configuration of connection) : from 3x57,7/100V to 3 x
240/415 V.
When equipped with whatever the power supply, the meter works in any of the following failure conditions:
missing one or two phase (4-wire systems)
missing one phase (3-wire systems),
missing neutral or neutral and one phase (4-wire systems)
inversion of one phase and neutral (4-wire systems).
The meter maintains full accuracy in both 4-wire and 3-wire configurations. An indication of the supply phase
condition and the phase sequence is provided on the display.
The power supply has enough reserve energy for 3-phase power outages up to 0.5 second.
Power failure events (per phase and total) are recorded with a duration, date and time stamp.
The meter complies with over-current requirements specified in IEC 62053.
In the event of continuous absence of power, all data are kept in a non-volatile memory, with a retention time
of at least 10 years without the aid of any backup power.
Power consumption requirements for multi-energy and multi-function meters are according to the
specifications in the IEC 62053. Without communication and display backlight the power consumption
does not exceed the values given by IEC 62053.

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ACE6000 METER
1.1.5. Back-up
The back-up power supply is designed only for the real-time clock and the terminal cover opening detection.
The meter is equipped with a super-cap and an optional lithium battery.
Lithium battery: minimum capacity of 3 years in continuous operation at 25C, minimum shelf-life of
10 years, with less than 10% loss of capacity due to selfdischarge at 25C.
Super-cap: minimum capacity of 24 hours power outage carry-over period after 10 service years of
the meter at 25C.
Super-cap + Lithium battery:
Combination of both functionalities, during a power failure, the super-cap is the first to be drained.
The meter is designed in such a way that the Lithium battery can be safely changed without breaking any
metrology seals and while the meter is operating. The operator is safe from any potential electrical hazard
and is not able to touch any conductor connected to the meter. Adequate protection against electrostatic
damage is built in the meter.

1.1.6. Time Switch / Tariff Rate Calendar


The ACE6000 meters time switch possibilities are extremely wide and offer large flexibility. The tariff
structure can be described in terms of patterns of tariff rates (1 to 8 rates) for each channel, independent
from each other, of daily profiles (with rate switching at given times), of seasons (months including daily
profiles for each day of the week), and of specific or exclusion days (fixed or moveable holidays, religious
holidays). The programmed information contains a latent and current time switch structure. The date of
change is programmable. Tariff control is possible using the internal time switch.
Up to 50 different rate patterns index (for energies, demands, tariff outputs activation), can be used to
describe the meters behaviour regarding tariffication.

1.1.7. End of Billing


The ACE6000 meter can be configured so that up to 4 different sources can (if authorised by configuration)
trigger an end of billing period (MDI reset); In order to secure the EOB, it is possible to program a Lock-Outtime, which is a delay between two consecutive resets of MDI.
Locking interactions between categories are programmable.

1.1.8. Real Time Clock (RTC)


The meter internally calculates date and time, based either on a quartz, or on mains frequency, according to
configuration. The resolution is one second. The meter manages leap years, and Daylight Savings Time.
Date and time are used for controlling tariff switching, interval measurement, and time stamping of events
and results.
RTC characteristics comply with IEC 61038.

Seasons
Exclusion days
Daily profiles
Switching times/day profile
Switching times in all day profiles

12
100
24
16
100

1.1.9. Display
LCD Display and Push-Buttons
The ACE6000 meters LCD Display is dedicated to provide direct access to up 100 parameters, including:

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ACE6000 METER
Current energy and demand registers
Billing information
Fundamental network parameters
Historical registers
General Alarm signal and status word...
The list of displayable parameters is fully programmable.
T on and T off are programmable for the auto-scrolling (normal list). Backlight facility as an option is available
with all versions.
Scrolling push-button:
This button is dedicated to scroll available parameters, as specified in lists defined by the configuration
software. The meter can manage 1, 2 or 3 lists (normal, alternate short, and alternate long).
Reset push-button:
This sealable button is just below the scrolling push button. It is used to reset the maximum demand
indicators and close the billing period.
The association of both, scrolling and reset push buttons can activate the different display modes:
The normal mode which is active by default, all available parameters are auto-scrolling with a preprogrammed time-out between them; In this mode a test of all segments of the LCD is available by pressing
the display button; If the display button is kept pressed down or the button pressed a second time the
alternate long mode is activated; If the reset push-button is pressed during the LCD test, the alternate short
mode is activated.
The alternate long mode is activated by a short pressure on the scrolling button : manually displays
alarms and parameters according to a specific programmable list (extended list, accessible to the end user).
From this mode, it is possible to enter the set mode by pressing the reset push-button.
The load profile and MID mode is activated by a long pressure on the scrolling button (>2s) : This
mode allows to display manually the 2 load profiles and then all the MID specific parameters (total energy
registers, firmware versions, last CT/VT programming, ) in the MID menu.
Set mode: In this mode, it is possible to modify some of the parameters, such as the date, or the
time. After a time-out, or after validation, the meter returns to the alternate mode.
The alternate short mode: manual display of alarms and parameters, according to a
specific programmable list (extended list, accessible to the utility only); After a time-out, or at the end of the
sequence, the meter returns to the normal mode. From this mode, it is also possible to enter the set mode by
pressing the reset push-button.
For each display list, it is possible to configure the parameters that will be displayed. The sequence order is
also programmable, but unique for the 3 lists.
LED Indicators
The meter has two LED indicators to control the accuracy of the meter, in a laboratory, or on site with an
appropriate portable standard meter. The two LEDs deliver flashes corresponding to the quantum of energy
with a value marked on front of the meter. These values are (secondary values): DC version 1 Wh, CT
version 0.1 Wh. Ton = 10ms.
The LED can deliver independently either active energy, or reactive energy.

1.1.10.

Output Options

Optionally, the Actaris ACE6000 meter can be equipped with additional control outputs/pulse outputs.
The Control Outputs can be used to:
transmit an end of integration period
transmit an end of billing period
transmit a current index indication
indicate a general alarm
transmit clock synchronization pulses
indicate excess demand
indicate phase cut
energy pulse retransmission.

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ACE6000 METER
1.1.11.

Optical Communication Port

The meter integrates one optical port. It is dedicated to local communication with the meter.
The optical port uses the protocol described by IEC 62056/21 for reading register data from the meter. It also
uses the IEC 62056/42-46-53-61-62 protocol, DLMS COSEM, for full reading and programming actions. The
baud rate can be selected between 300 and 19200 bauds.

1.1.12.

Electrical Communication Port

An electrical port is available to allow communications between the meter and the utility (1 x RS232 or 1 x
RS485). A power supply is available for powering up an external modem (total capacity of 100 mA at levels
from 5V to 10V DC).
This port is in compliance with the V24/ EIA RS232D or with the RS485 standard. The port is primarily
designed to operate with an external modem, but will also allow operation in a direct connection.
The baudrate can be selected from 1200 to 19200 bauds, using the COSEM protocol.
WARNING: The electrical port, either RS232 or RS485, must be used externally with twisted pair cable.

1.1.13.

Modem Management

The modem will be connected to a public switched telephone network (PSTN) normally provided by the
customer.
Standard PSTN, GSM or LAN (internet) modem can be used with the 6000. The ACE6000 meter supports
the following
CCITT modem standards:
V.22 (Effective transfer speed: 1200bps)
V.22bis (Effective transfer speed: 2400bps)
V.32 (Effective transfer speed: 9600bps)
V.32 bis (Effective transfer speed: 14400bps).
The auto answer mode will be the normal mode of operation. The meter can perform a bi-directional
communication with the modem to initialise it.

1.1.14.

Logical Devices and Clients

Several levels of security access exist in the meter. Confidentiality and privacy of data are managed by
logical devices in the meter (which can be addressed individually), and different client identifications
(password protected). The ACE6000 meter has three logical devices: the Electricity device, the
Management device, and the End customer device.
Several client types are predetermined, with different authorisation to access data:
Electricity Utility - Laboratory
Electricity Utility - Field
Electricity Utility meter reader

1.1.15.

Network and Tamper Monitoring

The ACE6000 meter offers the instantaneous value and the minimum and maximum values of the frequency
over a billing period. The instantaneous and the maximum rms values of the voltage and the current for each
phase over a billing period are also available. The following situations can be detected and recorded in a
history file:
Terminal cover opening (option):
number of cover openings.
10 last cover openings (with time stamp, duration).
Even without network
Watchdog activity:
number of watchdog events.

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ACE6000 METER
last watchdog event with time stamps.
Calibrations history:
number of calibrations
last calibration date and time.
Configurations history:
number of configurations
last configuration (end of configuration) time stamp.
Total power failures:
number of short power failures
number of long power failures
cumulated duration of long power failures,
duration of the longest power failures with starting time stamp
duration of the shortest power failures with starting time stamp
10 last long power failures (with starting time stamp and duration).

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ACE6000 METER

2. Installation procedures
2.1. DIMENSIONS, FIXING AND IDENTIFICATION
DIMENSIONS and FIXING
The meter is available with a DIN housing.

NET WEIGHT: 1.1 kg - PACKAGED: 1.4 kg PACKAGING SIZE LxDxH: 39 x 22 x 11 mm


IDENTIFICATION

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ACE6000 METER

Legal code

MID approval *
Metrological
references

Manufacturing
year

Manufacturing
serial number

Manufacturing
location

Meter type

Client serial
number

Connection
diagramms *

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ACE6000 METER

2.2. ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS


MAIN TERMINAL BLOCK
The main terminal has exactly the same design for CT or DC type.
The voltage terminals have a two M3 screws and accept wires up to 3.2 mm of diameter
The current terminals have a two M6 screws and accept wire up to 8 mm of diameter
VDE non-symmetrical CT connection
The current terminals could accept wire up to 8 mm of diameter

U1

I1 I1

U2

I2

I2

U3

I3 I3

Un

Typical connection diagram 3 phase 4 wires

Typical connection diagram 3 phase 3 wires

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ACE6000 METER

Be careful, in case of MID meters, if the customer would like to change the parameter 3W/4W on the field,
both connection diagram have to be lasered printed on the nameplate
3 phases 4 Wires VDE Non symmetrical Direct connection

I1 I1

I2

I2

I3 I3

Un Un

Typical connection diagram

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ACE6000 METER

AUXILIARY TERMINALS
Outputs :

(C is for common)
The auxiliary terminals allow 2.5 mm cables to be used for high-level outputs connections.
Four control outputs are provided with only one common point, they are numbered 1 to 4 and the C stands
for the common point.
There is no galvanic insulation between all 4 outputs. The control outputs must be designed as isolated
switches (4kVac, 50Hz)
min
Breaking capacity
Admissible intensity

Typ

max unit

25

VA

100

mA

comment

Insertion loss is 12Vmax at 100mA


Or 2V at 20 mA

Admissible DC voltage

50

Vdc

Admissible AC voltage

12

288

Vac

288 = 1,2x240

Op.

(operations)

Service life

10

Communication port :
Through that communication port it will be possible to connect one modem which can be power supply by the
meter with the following electrical characteristics 10Vdc, 1W maximum.
RS232 : 2 RJ45 connector connectors for daisy chaining capability on few meters
Both RJ45 have the same pinout
1 Modem PSU
2 NC
3 NC
4 RX
5 TX
6 GND
7 DTR
8 NC

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ACE6000 METER
RS485 : 2 RJ45 connectors for daisy chaining capability
Both RJ45 have the same pinout.
1 Modem PSU
2 RX 3 NC
4 RX +
5 TX +
6 GND
7 TX 8 NC

METROLOGICAL LED
Two LEDs are available on the front plate of the meter. They retransmit energy pulses
The nominal characteristics are the following
The wavelength of the radiated signals for emitting systems must be between 550 nm and 1 000
nm(red)
luminance (10 mCd)
Vision angle 15.
Convergence : between 0 and 5 mm from the front face

2.3. USING THE LABEL HOLDER


There is a possibility under the transparent cover to put a label.
The dimension of that label is : 25*55 mm, rectangular.
The recommended paper quality is : Bristol paper is recommended, even if standard paper is also ok
The label is put in place thanks to the tabs on the transparent cover.
This label is usually used to write the CT / VT ratio, or the battery changing date.

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ACE6000 METER
2.4. OPERATING CONDITIONS
Operating temperature :-40 to + 70 C
Humidity :
0 to 95%, without condensation

Current ranges :
Frequency :
Voltage ranges :

1(10)A for CT meters, 5(100)A for DC meters


50 Hz or 60 Hz.
from 3x57,7/100V to 3x240/415V with one power supply and from 3x220/380V to
3x240/415V with the other one
Operating Voltage
LV Connect (3 Phase 4 Wire)
LV Connect (3 Phase3 Wire)
HV Connect (3 Phase 4 Wire)
HV Connect (3 Phase 3 Wire)

Nominal (Un/Vn) Volts


220 / 380, 230/400-240/415
127/220
230,400
57.7 / 100-63.5 / 110
110/190-127/220
100,110

2.5. APPLICABLE STANDARDS


The meter meets the requirements of the following standards:
General
Pulse Output devices (2 wires only)
Acceptance inspection of alternating current static watt-hour
meters for active energy (classes 1 and 2)
Power consumption
Metrology
Alternating current static watt-hour meters for active energy
(classes 0.5 & 1)
Alternating current static watt-hour meters for active energy
(classes 0.5 & 1)
Alternating current static watt-hour meters for reactive energy
(class 2)

IEC62053/31
EN 61358
IEC62053/61

EN50470
IEC62052/11 and IEC62053/21-22-23
IEC62052/11 and IEC62053/21-22-23

Time switches for tariff control

IEC 62054 Part 21

Communication
Data exchange for meter reading, tariff and load control - Direct
local data exchange
DLMS COSEM standard

IEC 62056/21
IEC 62056/42-46-53-61-62

3. Functions description:

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ACE6000 METER
3.1. METROLOGY

3.1.1. Meter connection:


Two choices are offered DC or CT type:

DC means direct connection and the maximum measurement is 100A.

CT means meter connection is done through current transformer .

The CT factor could be programmed, in order to register primary energy standing for the installed
transformer.

3.1.2. Network
Available Current rating:
CT
1/2A
1/5 A
1/10 A
1,5/6 A
2,5/10A
5/6A
5/10A
5/60A

DC
10/60A
10/80A
5/100A
10/100 A
15/90 A
15/100 A
20/100 A

The left number is the nominal values (Ib). The right values are the maximum acceptable by the meter
(Imax).
Network parameters:
The meter is designed for
3 or 4 wires network (connection diagrams could be available on the nameplate of the meter)
50 Hz or 60Hz
nominal voltage range : 57,7/100V, 63,5/110V, 220/380V, 230/400V, 240/415V.

3.1.3. Available quantities

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ACE6000 METER
Export active power
PP
Import
reactive
power
Q2

Import active power


+

Q1

Q
P

I
Q3

Q4

Export
reactive
power

52 Energy
quantities

19 others

11 status

Active

Reactive

Apparent

Power factor

Energy

kWh ph 1+

kvarh ph 1+

kVAh ph 1+

PF ph1

kWh direction

kWh ph 1-

kvarh ph 1-

kVAh ph 1-

PF ph 2

kWh dir ph 1

kWh ph 2+

kvarh ph 2+

kVAh ph 2+

PF ph 3

kWh dir ph 2

kWh ph 2-

kvarh ph 2-

kVAh ph 2-

PF agg

kWh dir ph 3

kWh ph 3+

kvarh ph 3+

kVAh ph 3+

kWh ph 3-

kvarh ph 3-

kVAh ph 3-

RMS Values
Voltages

kvarh quadrant

kWh agg+

kvarh agg+

kVAh agg+

Urms 1

kvarh quadr. ph 1

kWh agg -

kvarh agg-

kVAh agg-

Urms 2

kvarh quadr. ph 2

Urms 3

kvarh quadr. ph 3

kvarh Q1 ph 1

Summation

Currents

Phase Sequence

kvarh Q2 ph 1

Sum 1

Irms 1

Sequence status

kvarh Q3 ph 1

Sum 2

Irms 2

Int. active status

kvarh Q4 ph 1

Sum 3

Irms 3

Sum 4
kvarh Q1 ph 2

Zero Sequence

Voltage Defects

kvarh Q2 ph 2

Zero sequence U

cuts ph 1

kvarh Q3 ph 2

Zero sequence I

cuts ph 2

kvarh Q4 ph 2

cuts ph 3
Frequency

kvarh Q1 ph 3

mains frequency

kvarh Q2 ph 3

sags ph 2

kvarh Q3 ph 3

Phase Angles

kvarh Q4 ph 3

Angle U1/l1

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ACE6000 METER
Angle U2/l2

swells ph 1

kvarh Q1 agg

Angle U3/l3

swells ph 2

kvarh Q2 agg

Angle U1/U2

swells ph 3

kvarh Q3 agg

Angle U2/U3

kvarh Q4 agg

Angle U1/U3

3.1.4. Aggregate energies calculation mode


The energy quantity measured by the metrology per phase will be process according to four choices called
algo1, algo2, algo3, algo4 in order to calculate the aggregate energy.
Calculation related to Alogo1, 2,3 and 4 is done each second.
These energies are weighted by the CT/VT ratio and may be used for outputs pulses generation.

Active Import
Active Export
Reactive Import
Reactive Export
Reactive Q1
Reactive Q2
Reactive Q3
Reactive Q4
Apparent Import
Apparent Export

Phase 1
Pph1+
Pph1Qph1+
Qph1Q1ph1
Q2ph1
Q3ph1
Q4ph1
Sph1+
Sph1-

Phase 2
Pph2+
Pph2Qph2+
Qph2Q1ph2
Q2ph2
Q3ph2
Q4ph2
Sph2+
Sph2-

Algo 1
(Net result)

Phase 3
Pph3+
Pph3Qph3+
Qph3Q1ph3
Q2ph3
Q3ph3
Q4ph3
Sph3+
Sph3-

Algo 2
(Positive aggregate)

Total
Pn+ = (Pph1+)+( Pph2+)+( Pph3+)
Pn- = (Pph1-)+( Pph2-)+( Pph3-)
Qn+ = (Qph1+)+( Qph2+)+( Qph3+)
Qn- = (Qph1-)+( Qph2-)+( Qph3-)
Q1 = (Q1ph1)+( Q1ph2)+( Q1ph3)
Q2 = (Q2ph1)+( Q2ph2)+( Q2ph3)
Q3 = (Q3ph1)+( Q3ph2)+( Q3ph3)
Q4 = (Q4ph1)+( Q4ph2)+( Q4ph3)
Sn+ = (Sph1+)+( Sph2+)+( Sph3+)
Sn- = (Sph1-)+( Sph2-)+( Sph3-)
Algo 3
(Both sum)

Algo 4
(Anti-fraud)

Active
import
aggP+

If ( Pn+ ) > | Pn- | :


= ( Pn+ )| Pn- |,
Else :
= 0.

If ( Pn+ ) > | Pn- | :


= Pn+,
Else :
= 0.

= Pn+

= ( Pn+) +

Active
export
aggP-

If ( Pn+ ) < | Pn- | :


= | Pn- |-( Pn+ ),
Else :
= 0.

If ( Pn+ ) < | Pn- | :


= | Pn- |,
Else :
= 0.

= | Pn- |

= | Pn-|

Reactive
import
aggQ+

If ( Qn+ ) > | Qn- | :


= ( Qn+ )| Qn- |,
Else :
= 0.

If ( Qn+ ) > | Qn- | :


= Qn+,
Else :
= 0.

= Qn+

= ( Qn+) +

Reactive
export
aggQ-

If ( Qn+ ) < | Qn- | :


= | Qn- |-( Qn+ ),
Else :
= 0.

If ( Qn+ ) < | Qn- | :


= | Qn- |,
Else :
= 0.

= | Qn- |

= | Qn-|

Apparent
import

If ( Sn+ ) > | Sn- | :


= ( Sn+ )| Sn- |,
Else :

If ( Sn+ ) > | Sn- | :


= Sn+,
Else :

= Sn+

= ( Sn+) +

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Pn-

Qn-

Sn-

ACE6000 METER
= 0.

= 0.

Apparent
export

If ( Sn+ ) < | Sn- | :


= | Sn- |-( Sn+ ),
Else :
= 0.

If ( Sn+ ) < | Sn- | :


= | Sn- |,
Else :
= 0.

= | Sn- |

= | Sn-|

Reactive Q1

= Q1
If (aggP+ <> 0) AND
(aggQ+ <> 0) :
= aggQ+
Else :
= 0.
= Q2
If (aggP- <> 0) AND
(aggQ+ <> 0) :
= aggQ+
Else :
= 0.
= Q3
If (aggP- <> 0) AND
(aggQ- <> 0) :
= aggQElse :
= 0.
= Q4
If (aggP+ <> 0) AND
(aggQ- <> 0) :
= aggQElse :
= 0.

= Q1
If (aggP+ <> 0) AND
(aggQ+ <> 0) :
= aggQ+
Else :
= 0.
= Q2
If (aggP- <> 0) AND
(aggQ+ <> 0) :
= aggQ+
Else :
= 0.
= Q3
If (aggP- <> 0) AND
(aggQ- <> 0) :
= aggQElse :
= 0.
= Q4
If (aggP+ <> 0) AND
(aggQ- <> 0) :
= aggQElse :
= 0.

= Q1

= Q1

= Q2

= Q2

= Q3

= Q3

= Q4

= Q4

Reactive Q2

Reactive Q3

Reactive Q4

Algo1: numerical example

Net values: Pagg is calculated by adding the energies of the phases, which are importing, and
subtracting the energies of the phases, which are exporting.

Pagg = Ph1 imp energy + Ph2 imp energy + Ph3 imp energy (Ph1 exp energy + Ph2 exp energy + Ph3 exp
energy)
if Pagg > 0 Pagg is stored in P+agg , P-agg = 0
if Pagg < 0 Pagg is stored in P-agg, P+agg = 0

EG : Ph1=10wh Ph2= 8wh Ph3= 12wh (import) Ph1=3wh Ph2=17wh Ph3=5wh (export)
Sum import = 30wh_minus Sum export = 25wh
Final result according to algo1 will be 5wh as aggregate energy import

Algo2 : numerical example

Sum of positive phases: P+agg is calculated by adding the energies of the phases which are
importing, P-agg is calculated by adding the energies of the phases which are exporting. Only the
bigger one is counted, the other one is set to 0.

EG : Ph1=10wh Ph2= 8wh Ph3= 12wh (import) Ph1=3wh Ph2=17wh Ph3=5wh (export)
Sum import = 30wh_Sum export = 25wh
Final result according to algo2 will be 30wh as aggregate energy import

Algo3 : numerical example


Simultaneous calculation in two directions: P+ agg and P-agg are calculated

EG : Ph1=10wh Ph2= 8wh Ph3= 12wh (import) Ph1=3wh Ph2=17wh Ph3=5wh (export)

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ACE6000 METER
Sum import = 30wh_minus Sum export = 25wh
Final result according to algo3 will be 30wh as aggregate energy import and 25wh as aggregate
export energy.

Algo3 keep all values and reflect the real meter context, both other according to the calculation could
be and import or export result and in each case one value will be lost.

Algo4 : numerical example


In this mode:

Import aggregate energy corresponds to the absolute sum of import and export energy.

Export aggregate energy corresponds to the sum of export energies per phase.

Reactive energy management has been improved

3.1.5. Power calculation:


Active Power.
The meter calculates every second (import and export) per phase and aggregate active power
quantity. Those values are affected by CT/VT Ratio.
Reactive Power.
The meter calculates each second (import and export) the per phase and aggregate reactive power
quantity. Those values are affected by CT/VT Ratio.
Apparent Power.
We choose the RMS arithmetic method and the vectorial method, that can be choosen by
configuration. Those values are affected by CT/VT Ratio.
RMS arithmetic method :
Per phase apparent power comes from multiplication between Urms and Irms. Per phase
apparent power sign is given by corresponding active power sign.
Aggregate apparent power is the algebraic sum of per phase apparent power. Its sign is
deduced from the sum itself.
S = Urms . Irms (true apparent power, will give good results above Ib/10); the resolution is
respectively done to 1% for the current and 0,5 for the voltage
Warning: The Arithmetic calculation is not operational for the meter 3 wires, and the
calculation will be done in that case as vectorial mode.
Vectorial method :
2
2
Apparent power per phase comes from the square root of ( kW phi + kVARphi ). They are
calculated every second. Their signs are given by their corresponding active power.

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ACE6000 METER
Aggregate apparent power kVA is given by sum of the three per phase apparent power. Its
sign is deduced from the active aggregate power.
This value is affected by CT/VT Ratio.
this method is more precise than the other, especially at low current, but will show higher
susceptibility to harmonics contents in the meter).
NB : Every second apparent powers define apparent energy samples in order to accumulate apparent
energy per phase and then aggregate.

3.1.6. Rms current and voltage measurement per phase


2

The three Rms currents and voltages are calculated every 1 second (Square Root of accumulation of i x
and of ux2). Those values are NOT affected by CT and VT Ratio.
The meter is in charge of memorizing the maximum rms value of the voltage and the current for each phase
over a billing period.

3.1.7. Zero sequences U and I


The zero sequence values for U and I are calculated every 1 second:
2
2
(Square Root of accumulation of (u1+u2+u3) and (i1+i2+i3) ) They are NOT affected by CT/VT ratio.
As soon as the Zero sequence U or I comes above a programmable threshold, the meter triggered an non
fatal alarm. (see relative to Non fatal alarm)

3.1.8. Power factor


The power factor is calculated per phase and aggregate each second. The method to determine the per
phase power is : PF(phase) = Active Power (phase)/ Apparent Power (phase)
To determine the aggregate power factor we will use the following method :
Pfagg = Active Poweragg / Apparent Poweragg
(P / S )
The resolution of the calculation is 0,0001. The calculation uses active power signed and apparent power
unsigned.

3.1.9. Energy Summation


4 algebraic sums can be done between internal metrology quantities. Only energy quantities (weighted
by CT/VT ratio) are available for calculating the summation energies.

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ACE6000 METER
Up to 5 signed internal energy quantities can be summed in each energy summation register. The
result of this summation is stored in the summation register, only if it is positive. If the result is negative
or null, the value in the summation register is null.
This summation is performed each second.
internal
energy quantity 1

+/-

Quantity 1_1

internal
energy quantity 2

+/-

Quantity 1_2

internal
energy quantity 3

+/-

Quantity 1_3

internal
energy quantity 4

+/-

Quantity 1_4

internal
energy quantity 5

+/-

Quantity 1_5

...

+/-

Quantity 4_1

...

+/-

Quantity 4_2

...

+/-

Quantity 4_3

...

+/-

Quantity 4_4

...

+/-

Quantity 4_5

if >= 0

Summation 1

if >= 0

Summation 4

Example :
internal Wh import

Wh agg +

internal Wh export

Wh agg -

internal Wh import

Wh agg +

internal Wh export

if >= 0

Summation 1

Net sub import


active

if >= 0

Summation 2

Net sub export


active

Wh agg -

Each second :
Consumption Wh = [Wh import] [Wh export]
If Consumption Wh is >= 0
Net sub import active energy = Consumption Wh
Net sub export active energy = 0
If Consumption Wh is < 0
Net sub import active energy = 0
Net sub export active energy = |Consumption Wh|
Net sub import active energy is added to Summation 1 register
Net sub export active energy is added to Summation 2 register

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ACE6000 METER
3.2. QUALIMETRY NETWORK SURNEY
This functionality should be asked at ordering time It could not be activated on the field.
For defect magnitude calculation, the first and the last 40 ms period of the defect is not taken into account. If
the defect does not last at least 120 ms, the defect magnitude is set to zero, whatever the defect type is.
The voltage quality data are calculated on Cuts, Sags and Swells for each phase. For each type of these
quantities, the 2 thresholds (defect start and defect end) are programmable independently in 1/100 Volts
(meter resolution).
The Voltage measurement accuracy is 0.5% with the 1/100V resolution min.
The voltage quality function can not be insured for the 3 wires meters.
To simplify the following table, the thresholds default values are expressed in percentage of Un and must not
exceed the limit values.
WARNING : Un corresponds to Single Voltage in 4W meters and correspond to Compound Voltage in 3W meters
In 3W meters and in equilibrated system, you must modify the 3 voltages together

CUT | |

SAG |_|

SWELL
Default start Threshold
48%
68%
132%
Default end Threshold
50%
70%
130%
Start limit Threshold
10%
65%
140%
End limit Threshold
55%
80%
110%
The start / end limit thresholds are defined to avoid overlapping area of defect. The programming threshold
step is 1% of Un.
For each voltage quality defect, the meter record :
the phase involved,
the time stamped defect start and defect end with 1 second resolution,
the duration in tens of milliseconds with a fixed time accuracy of +/-80ms and a variable
accuracy of +/-200ppm on the overall duration (duration max = 497.1 days),
the average level in 1/100 volt during the first 2 hours.
Up to 10 above events can be time stamped for each phase with the duration and the value.

3.2.1. Voltage Cuts


Voltage Cut is detected per phase. A voltage cut is detected if the voltage drops below the cut start threshold
(the same for the 3 phases) till the voltage drops over the cut end threshold.
A phase, which is already in cut defect before the shutdown and which is always in cut defect after the
powerup, is always in the same cut defect. The duration before and after the shutdown is cumulated to the
shutdown duration itself.

3.2.2. Voltage Sags


A sag is detected if the voltage drops below the sag start threshold (the same for the 3 phases) till the
voltage drops over the sag end threshold without drooping through the cut start threshold.
- If the voltage drops below the sag start threshold and then, immediately or not, drops below the cut
start threshold, the sag defect is not noticed. A cut always erases a start sag state.
- If the voltage comes from a cut defect and doesnt drop above the sag end threshold we dont
generate a sag defect.

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ACE6000 METER

SAGs magnitude
% of declared

rms voltage

Magnitude

Output threshold

Input threshold
Duration

Figure 1: Voltage sag measurement

3.2.3. Voltage Swells


Swells detection is based on the Rms measurement of the voltage signal. A swell is detected if the voltage
drops above the swell start threshold (the same for the 3 phases) till the voltage drops under the swell end
threshold.

rms voltage

SWELLs magnitude
% of declared

Input threshold

Hysteresis

Output threshold

Duration

Figure 2: Voltage swell measurement

3.2.4. Frequency
The frequency is calculated with an error less than 0.1Hz/second in nominal conditions. We use a method,
Zero Crossing ( signal = U1- U2+ U3), which allows to have a signal even if 1 or 2 phases are lost.
The meter records the minimum and maximum value of the frequency over a billing period.

3.2.5. Phase angles (Ii ,Ui)


The meter computes the current to voltage angles per phase according to the different connection types.
The method used allows us to reach the 1 accuracy.

3.2.6. In between Voltage Angles (U2,U1); (U3,U2); (U1,U3) and Phase sequence
The meter computes the voltage to voltage angle according to the different connection types. From these
angles we can deduce the phase sequence.
It uses the Voltage sign method. This method is also sensitive to harmonic components.
We can reach 1 accuracy whatever Voltage sequences and angles, without harmonics.

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ACE6000 METER
3.2.7. Current reversal
The meter detects per phase each second if the sign of active power changes. Eahc time there is a change,
the meter records
number of current reversals (3)
the 10 last current reversals (with starting time stamp, direction, phase)
This event is considered as non fata alarm ( see relative to Non fatal alarm management)

Export is Started
A

Export is blocked

Import is blocked

Import is started

D1

D2

+1 in reverse flow
counter

+1 in reverse flow
counter

3.2.8. Number of days without internal consumption above a threshold


The meter determines the number of days without internal consumption. If the recorded number of days goes
over a programmable threshold, then a non fatal alarm is triggered into the meter.

3.2.9. Power failure


A threshold of power failure assimilated to short power failure can be programmed from 0 to 255 seconds. If
the power failure duration is below the threshold, the occurrence is stored as short power failure, but if the
power failure duration is over this threshold, the occurrence is stored as long power failure.
Up to 10 power failures are memorized with the time stamped and the duration.

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ACE6000 METER
Power failure related to one of the three phases will be time stamped into cut events ( see relative to
voltage cut)

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ACE6000 METER

3.3. ENERGY REGISTERING


Only energy type quantities (Wh, Varh, Vah) can be accumulated in the energy rate registers. All energy type
quantities (internal, result of summation, per phase or aggregate) are available for Energy Registering, within
the limits of the number of channels. Energy registers are updated each second. A same quantity can be
allocated to more than one channel.
Up to 10 channels are available for energy management.
Up to 3 channels are available for excess energy accumulation.
Even if most of the time, only active and reactive energy are used for the billing, ACE6000 offers larger
possibilities, it could be interesting to select additional channels not for billing purpose, but mainly to improve
metering analyze related to the field context.
The full energy definition is organized in 3 parts such as:

Total energy: one register retain the total energy for the concern energy type, without taking into
account the switching rate from the calendar

Energy rates: It is the most important screen and energy type with rates must be selected according
to the contract type.
Maximum number of energy channels
Maximum number of excess energy channels
(included in the maximum number of energy channels)
Number of rate registers
(for the whole energy channels)
Maximum number of rate registers per channel

10
3
32
8

Summation : It is possible to define up to 4 summation energy registers to make algebraic


summation of up to 5 internal registers recording the same type of energy quantity (Wh or varh or
Vah).

3.3.1. Energy Calculation algorithm


The Energy Calculation is common for all channels and programmable :
Cumulative (mode 1) : the rate registers content the energy accumulated from the start of
measurement of the meter. At the end of a billing period, the value of the rates is read and stored
in the historical values. The rate registers are not modified (no reset).
Reset at EOB (mode 2) : the rate registers content the energy accumulated from the beginning of
the billing period. At the end of a billing period, the value of the rates is read and stored in the
historical values. The rate registers are reset.

3.3.2. Total energy


Total energy registers arent linked to the calendar definition and according to the field context all measured
quantity will be added into total registers available for each energy type Active, reactive, apparent.
For all total energy registers, the energy calculation algorithm is not programmable and is always Mode 1
The choice of the unity is very important, and it must be selected according to the field context. Three types
of unity are available among: Wh, Kwh, Mwh.
Some constraints come from the IEC standard: Energy registers mustnt reset to zero before 1500 hours at
Imax. AIMS-PRO provides consistency check in order to give information regarding that constraint

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ACE6000 METER
In case of MID meters, that constraint is increased to 4000 hours at Imax. In the same way, AIMS-PRO
provides consistency check in order to give information regarding that constraint
The energy registers is displayed with a maximum of 8 digits, the following array provides the meter
capability.
Internal
Quantity unit
dWh

Energy register
unit
Wh
kWh
MWh

Energy register max value


99 999 999 Wh
99 999 999 kWh
99 999 999 MWh

99 999.999 kWh
99 999.999 MWh
99 999.999 GWh

This table shows the range of values available for display, regarding some characteristics specific to display
such as number of digits, position of decimal dots, available units.
So, the maximum energy rate value is about 100 TWh.
When a rate register reaches the maximum value, it is reset (electromechanical index behaviour).

3.3.3. Energy rates:


Energy rates configuration has major importance, because they are directly linked to the billing and the
electricity contract type. Depending of the resource level, a limitation of available channel is done please
refer to resource items.
The contract between utility and end customer determined how many rates characterize the contract,
calendar definition will be in charge to activate the respective rate during day.
Remarks

One rate can be active at the same time by channel,

In a same time, a specific registers are dedicated to store the working time of each energy registers.
These registers are never reset.

Switching rates can be independent between channels; this processing can be applied for one
customer contract, which requires two separated rates for active energy and one rate for the reactive
energy.

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3.4. DEMAND REGISTERING

The demand calculation can be important for the billing, and according to the contract between the utility and
the final customer, the demand values calculated could be used to add penalties.
Demand registers are dedicated to store the average demand over a fixed duration time called integration
period. Over billing period, ACE6000 stores not only the biggest value but also a total of 5 highest values
with their respective date and time.
The calculation of the Demand concerns:

all types of energy,

minimum and average power factor calculation since the beginning of the billing period,

maximum demand memorisation,

threshold comparison for excess demand detection,

time stamping,

cumulative maximum demand memorisation over billing period.

the aggregate power factor calculation.

All treatments linked to the calculation of the Demand are limited as followed:
Maximum number of demand channels/quantities

10

Number of timewise demand registers (for the whole demand


channels)

24

Maximum number of rate registers per demand channel

Maximum number of peak values associated with a rate

Number of power factor channels

Number of power factor registers

The integration period and the calculation modes are the same for all demand channels and the power factor
channel.
Integration period could take the following values : 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60 min

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3.4.1. Demand Calculation Algorithm


The current (or rising) value is calculated every second for each demand channel (one rising value for each
demand channel). The elapsed time (duration since the beginning of the integration period, common to all
channels) could be provided by the meter.
Format of data
In order to increase the storage capacities of the demand rate registers, the energy quantity is divided by a
programmable ratio. One ratio is defined for each channel. The allowed ratios are from 0.1 till 107 (step 10).
The resolution can be defined between 0.1W and 1MW for each channel, which allows the following ranges :
Ratio
1
10
102
103
4
10
5
10
106
107

Resolution
0.1 10.01 0.1 10.01
0.1 1-

Max value
6 553.5
65 535
655.35
6 553.5
65 535
655.35
6 553.5
65 535

Unit
W (or VA or var)
W
KW
KW
KW
MW
MW
MW

Rate
Resolution

Max value

Unit

0.001

65.535

kW

0.001

65.535

MW

0.001

65.535

GW

Maximum value 99 999 999.


When a cumulative demand register reaches the maximum value, it is reset (electromechanical index behaviour).

Block period
The rising value is calculated by integrating the energy cumulated since the beginning of the period over the
total duration of the integration period.
At the end of the integration period, the value of the current demand registers is reset, and new period is
started.
rising
v alue

Block period

actual
demand

t
T :Integration period

Sliding period:
The rising value is calculated by integrating the energy cumulated since the beginning of the sliding period
over the total duration of the sliding period.
When a new integration period is triggered, the energy cumulated over the integration period is reset, so the
calculation of rising value starts from the average of the (n-1) integration period demands over the total
duration of the sliding period.

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In case of sliding demand, the number of integration periods in the sliding period is programmable between 1
(block period) and 15. So the duration of the complete sliding period is up to 15*60 = 900 min
rising
v alue

Sliding period

actual
demand

t
T

sliding period
(5 in this example)
sliding period

At the end of each integration period (T) , the values are temporary kept. At the latest calculation ( the fifth
element) to have full period the first representative calculation is done equal to 15 which is the total period.
At the next calculation, either the sixth element, the first one will be lost and the new average demand value
calculated over the five last sub calculation
Power failure / up management
Three possibilities are offered :

Restart: a new integration period starts after power up,

Synchronize: the integration period is always synchronized with the round hour.

Resume: the current period calculation, which has been interrupted by the power failure, continues
after power up in order to keep a complete integration period.

The first one is an example with a power failure within an integration period:
13h45

a)

7'

b)

7'

c)

7'

Power failure from


13h37 till 13h42

13h30

14h00

14h15

15'

8'

3'

integration top

The second one is an example with a power failure over 2 integration periods:

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13h45

a)

7'

b)

7'

c)

7'

Power failure from


13h37 till 13h47

13h30

14h00

14h15

15'

8'

15'

13'

15'

integration top

Incomplete period mode:


One period could be incomplete in case of special events as power failure, time change, clock loss
In that case it is possible to chose between the following modes :

Neglected: In that case the value of the demand is not take into account, the excess control demand
is not applied and the previous demand is not updated.

Used: The value is assimilated to a normal period (complete), so this value is taken into account for
the maximum demand calculation and excess demand control, previous demand is updated.

The same rule applies to the power factor, excepted that the calculation is always performed on the real
duration of the integration period (to avoid the calculation of a false minimum power factor).
Nb: a real period duration can be greater than the theoretical one in case of clock setting in the past inside
the period. In this case, the theoretical duration is used for the calculation.
Clock modification threshold
A clock setting can have an incidence over the running demand calculation.

This threshold (defined as a % of the integration period - for example for 15 minutes, 4% = 36
seconds), If a clock setting is done with a new time < to the threshold then an end of integration is
not triggered.

If the clock setting is > to 36 seconds then an end of period is triggered.

3.4.2. Power factor calculation


Data elaborated
Previous aggregate power factor,
Minimum aggregate power factor with time stamp,
Average aggregate power factor since the beginning of the billing period.
The power factor is defined with a 10-4 resolution.
Limit
The definition of the power factor PF = cos phi =

P /(P Q)

If there is no reactive energy (Q=0), and if the active energy is different from zero, then PF = 1.
As this value is not meaningful, when P is too small, a threshold can be configured, below which the
calculation of the power factor is suppressed. The value configured here uses the same scaler as the P+
(or P- agg is this has a higher scaler).

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This function is valid only if P+ agg or P- agg is defined as available demand quantity.

3.4.3. Excess demand


This functionality is dedicated to provide an excess demand information to the end customer through an
output contact, an external device connected to this contact could switch off automatically some loads to
avoid penalties related to excess demand.
Excess demand indication can be given also:

By meter LCD by a flag


By the logbook and alarm list
By output contact

An excess demand is detected when the calculated demand value is above the programmed threshold of the
current rate(s).
For each demand rate for which an excess demand threshold is defined, the following data are processed :
Number of excess demand periods = number of integration periods where the demand is above
the demand threshold.
Excess demand duration = number of excess demand periods * integration period
Cumulated excess demand = (demand demand threshold) only when the demand is greater
than the demand threshold
Those data are updated at end of integration period only if the Excess Demand Control Mode parameter is
different of No management. When an end of billing is performed, these data are stored in the historical set
and reset for the new billing period. All these data are available for display and reading with Cosem
Excess Demand calculation algorithms
Two specific algorithms can be selected, indeed some country have specific requirement for this type of
calculation.
Standard : By default the selected algorithm is called standard and it is related to the IEC standard.
It is the average of the demands calculated over the integration periods of the sliding period
Green tariff : Another possible algorithm is called Green tariff, which must be selected for French
country.
The excess demand algorithm is extracted from the HR23-1380 document :
With
n

S
1

Pm
Ps
n

Pmn Ps

demand in excess
subscribed power
number of excess demand

Excess Demand control modes


The excess demand control can be configured according to the following modes:
No management : there is no calculation of excess

Control at the end of the integration period : if calculation is in excess to compare with threshold
then output contact will be close for the full next period, output switch of to the next calculation if less
than threshold.

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Comparison with the rising value of the demand: each second, calculation is compared to rising
demand registers and threshold, when the calculation reaches to an excess situation, the output
contact provide immediately this excess situation, in this mode, the end customer receive a
predictive information to avoid penalties.

Comparaison of the projection over the integration period : the first 30% of the period are
inhibited, after this period of time if calculation shows a risk of excess before the end of period, the
output contact is closed to inform about excess demand.

This mode is the same for all demand quantities

3.4.4. Maximum registering mode


Up to 5 peaks values are recorded for each rate, with associated time-stamp. This detection of peak is made
every end of integration.
There is two ways to detect those peaks :
Maximum mode
When this mode is selected, if the previous value is greatest than the smallest peak value, the demand
peaks are updated.
Maximum Excess Mode
This functionality is to take into account only the demand over the programmed threshold.
When this mode is selected, each Maximum Demand rate can be linked to a threshold entered in the Excess
Demand values (in such a way that instead of the conventional Max Demand, an Excess Max Demand will
be processed, time stamped, stored in EOB and available for Display, Readout).
The maximum demand behavior will depend on the value of the threshold:
If no threshold is defined, the max demand peaks recorded are the same as in Maximum Mode.
If a threshold is defined, when the demand is under it, the value 0 is used for max recording, but
when the demand is above the threshold, the peak value used is the difference between the
demand and the threshold.

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3.5. LOAD PROFILES


The interest of load profile is to make some analysis and know the consumption profile of the customer, the
result can be exported to excel file in order to have a graph more comfortable to identify the peak
consumption over the billing period.
Load profiles have a major interest for the utility and the end customer in order to determine which electricity
contract is the most appropriated.
Also, load profile can be used for billing purposes.
Important note:

The recording interval used for the second load profile set must be strictly
higher than one used for the first load profile set.

Load profiles are in charge of recording continuously periodical data in a load profile array. For energy type
quantities, the recording can also be triggered by a quantity coming over a threshold.
Each quantity allocated to a load profile is integrated over a period of time (recording interval), in order to
calculate an average value. It is also possible to record an energy consumption over this recording interval
Load Profiling is also in charge of recording circumstances having influence on its working (status
information).
ACE6000 enables to manage up to 16 channels. The load profile available channels are given by the
resource level (refer to resource).
First Load profile
Maximum number of load profile channels
Maximum number of excess energy load profile
channels
Maximum number of recording intervals
Maximum number of load profile arrays
Storage depth (in days) for the load profile array, with a
recording interval = 15 minutes for LP1 and 1h for LP2

8
3

Second Load
profile
8
3

1
1
148 days

1
1
108 days

3.5.1. Quantities processed


According to the meter context and the meter type, the maximum numbers of channels for load profile 1 is 8
channels and the same for Load profile 2.
Among 52 quantities delivered and calculated by the metrology, the user has to select the quantities, which
are the most interesting for the billing purpose or metering context field.
Often Active and reactive are used, therefore ACE6000 enable to add a lot of other quantity which can be
interesting for analysis and survey.
The meter can processed :
energy type quantity
excess energy
power factor aggregate quantity
RMS voltage per phase quantity
RMS current per phase quantity
Frequency
A same quantity can be allocated to more than one channel

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Energy resolution
The resolution of energy is 100mWh. The resolutions are the same for a DC and a CT meter.
It means that the energy resolution is really increased only if the CT/VT ratio is equal or greater than 10.

Example :
Resolution
100 mWh
100 mWh
10 mWh
10 mWh
Cumulative:

Secondary energy
2.3 Wh
2.3 Wh
2.35 Wh
2.35 Wh

CT/VT
1
10
1
10

Primary energy
2.3 Wh
23.0 Wh
2.3 Wh
23.5 Wh

In this mode the energy (quantity allocated to the channel) is simply cumulated over the recording interval
and stored in load profile array at the end of this interval. That enables to know how much energy the meter
has measured during this period of time.
This mode allows to record energy consumption over the recording interval
Average:
In this mode the energy (quantity allocated to the channel) is integrated over the recording interval and
stored in load profile array at the end of this interval. Often this value is called average power over the period
of integration.
RMS voltage, current quantities and frequency
For these quantities, at the end of recording interval, the average is done with the real duration of the
integration period and not with the theoretical one.
Excess energy:
The goal is to take into account only the value over a preprogrammed threshold.
When a channel is configured with excess energy, the integration period must be the same for Load Profile
and Demand Registering. Due to this, it will not possible to use this function if integration period 24hours is
used, only integration period up to one hour can be used for this behavior.
The same resolution scaler must be used for demand and load profile for the concerned energies.
From demand definition some other parameters must be mandatory done as followed if excess energy is
used:

No sliding demand (Number of subintervals = 1)


Power Up mode is SYNCHRONIZE
Clock Modification Threshold is the same as in Load Profile
Incomplete period mode is USED
Power factor calculation limit must be set to zero.

The value recorded into load profile for channel asking in excess will be done according to the threshold
configured from demand.

3.5.2. Configurability of load profiles


The configurability of the 2 load profiles is the same and the configuration of the two load profile are
independant. (the only difference is the depth of the 2 load profiles)

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Recording interval:
It is a period of time dedicated to store the average or cumulative value, it could take the following values
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60 . An additional value is selectable to 1440 minutes, the goal is to
record a load profile over a full day, this choice implies that the clock modification threshold mustnt be
used (see below).
Clock modification threshold
The goal of this clock threshold is to close or not the current load profile calculation.
This function is mainly used to not trigger unwanted End of Interval
The value of Clock Modification Threshold shall be between 0% to 5% . Moreover, it is possible to set the
Clock Modification Threshold to 100% in order to avoid any period closing due to clock setting within the
period. If threshold is zero or clock setting is superior to threshold, an end of recording interval is done for all
channels. Each round hour triggered also an end of recording interval.
Example
Recording interval is 15 minutes, Clock modification threshold is 4% (4% represents 36 seconds)

- If the new expected meter time is less than 36 seconds then the current recording interval calculation will
not be closed
- If the new expected meter time is superior to 36 seconds then the running recording interval will be closed
and new one will be started.
Energy recording format
The goal of base selection between base 10 or base 2 is to increase the resolution of the quantity recorded.
Base 10: the metrology provides an energy = to 100mw, the scalar value is from 10-1 to 106
Base 2: the metrology provides an energy = to 10mwh, the scalar value is from 2 0 to 224, mainly used for
billing purpose based over load profile
Whatever the base of the load profile data, the data read through Cosem must be read with a 10n scalar. So,
if the configuration is 2n, the load profile data element must be transmitted as a 32 bits information instead of
n
a 16 bits information used for a 10 configuration (excepted for RMS values always read as unsigned 16 and
power factor as signed 16).

3.5.3. Status information


The goal is to describe some events, which are stored into load profile array.
The following events are recorded into load profile:

clock setting (whatever the delta)


daylight saving time (DST)
external clock synchronization
power failure
watchdog reset
start measurement

Above some other events such as Start measurement, which must be normally done when, the meter is
installed on field.

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Each event is time stamped.
Clock setting, DST, and power failures are special occurrences. Indeed, two time stamps have to be
recorded in load profile array :
for clock modification (whatever the delta), time before and time after the modification
for power failure, time of power failure and time of power up.
nd
Moreover, when one of these events masks a daily top at least, a date element is inserted with the 2 time
stamp. This date element corresponds to the current date (date of the most recent of both status elements).
Note : The logbook cannot be used to store those status elements. Indeed, its depth is only of 500 events
and moreover, many other events (than those to store for Load Profiling) are stored in its buffer. It doesnt
allow to guarantee a depth of 400 days.

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3.6. Billing Periods


3.6.1. Overview
In order to bill the customer for his consumption, a copy of metering register information is performed at time
intervals called billing periods. Those historical sets of data are stored in a circular buffer.
A daily EOB can be defined at a programmed hour. If a power failure masks the EOB time, the EOB is
processed at power and time stamped with the power up time. Whatever the number of daily EOB masked
by a power failure, only one is processed at power up.

3.6.2. Description
Billing period
Period of time between 2 successive maximum demand reset. Before the maximum demand reset, the
current values are stored in historical sets. The billing period is the same for all meters functions concerned
by the MDI reset.
End of billing period (EOB)
Synonym of maximum demand indicator reset (or MDI reset).
Historical set
Set of registers value stored at the end of a billing period. The oldest historical set is lost at each end of
billing period (historical sets stored in a circular buffer).
The meter can store 36 historical sets.

3.6.3. End of billing sources


All ends of billing period actions are triggered by Event Manager. The only source of end of billing managed
by Billing Period is the daily one.
Validation Estimation and Edition (VEE)
In the deregulated markets, metering and billing is more and more based on Daily Load Profile acquisition
without TOU registers. Billing registers are post-processed daily by the reading system once the LPs are
uploaded.
In order to secure the billing data, the LP data are submitted to Validation and (when necessary) Estimation
and Edition (VEE applications).A very common VEE problem is when some interval data are missing or
invalid.
EOB registers are very useful if they are synchronous with LP EOI :
- the aggregation of Interval data between 2 consecutive EOBs must match the difference of the 2 EOB
registers : this is a Validation key
- if there are some missing Interval data, missing Interval(s) Edition can be done in such a way that the
Estimated Interval points match the difference of the EOB registers : this is a Estimation key
Network Losses Calculation
Another routine is usually ran also on a daily basis : the power network losses. This is a very complex
application because HV networks are usually cross-connected. The purpose is to dispatch the global network
losses between all the partners of the power network (producers and consumers). In order to do that, the
inputs of the application include :
every LP data at injection and consumption point of the HV network
the topology and physical parameters (impedance) of the network.

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As some applications use integrals, they also need to know the "initial conditions" that are usually the
instantaneous values of the network (Watts, Vars, Amps, Volts, ..) and midnight at every injection and
consumption point.
These instantaneous values can be retrieved from the Scada system or alternatively from the metering
system.
Other end of billing sources
These can be external sources :
by local or remote communication interface command
by the reset push button, or by the cover opening if configured in.
or internal sources :
for periodical ends of billing.
for scheduled ends of billing,

3.6.4. Lock-out time


A source triggering an end of billing period can disable some other sources of end of billing period for the
duration of a lock-out time.
For each category (described in the previous paragraph), it is configurable if a lock-out time is available or
not.
The duration of lock-out time is also programmable for each category.
In the same way, locking interactions between these categories are programmable in a matrix.
This matrix describes the influence on each lock-out time in progress (for all categories) when an end of
billing period is triggered by a category.
There are 4 possibilities. The end of billing period can :
have no influence on lock-out time of a category
cancel the lock-out time of a category, if it is active
re-trigger a new lock-out time for a category. This lock-out time will not be cancelled on a 3 phase
power failure.
re-trigger a new lock-out time for a category. This lock-out time will be cancelled on a 3 phase
power failure.

3.6.5. End of billing data


Data to store in historical sets are displayed in the table below :
Function

Data to store

In each historical
set ?

Energy Registering
For each energy channel :
value of rate registers

yes

Total Energy Registering


For each total energy channel :
value of the total rate registers

yes

For each rate register :

yes

Demand Registering

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maximum demand, with time stamp

yes

cumulative maximum demand

yes

4 peaks with time stamp (with last

yes

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ACE6000 METER
always zero)
For the power factor channel :
minimum power factor value, with time stamp

Diagnostic & Tamper

Instantaneous values

Miscellaneous

yes

average power factor value

yes

minimum value of frequency with time stamp

yes

maximum value of frequency with time stamp

yes

minimum value of temperature with time


stamp

yes

maximum value of temperature with time


stamp

yes

maximum value of RMS voltage per phase


with time stamp

yes

maximum value of RMS current per phase


with time stamp

yes

Active import power (aggregate only)

yes

Active export power (aggregate only)

yes

Reactive import power (aggregate only)

yes

Reactive export power (aggregate only)

yes

end of billing date and time

yes

end of billing source

yes

number of ends of billing (MDI reset)

yes

number of available historical sets

no, in the header

number of days since last end of billing

yes

number and duration of micro failures

yes

3.6.6. Dates of End of Billing


Meter can be configured as periodical end of billing (on a daily basis) or as programmed end of billing (with
generic or specific dates)

3.6.7. Processing
An end of billing period is always taken into account immediately.
The meter replaces the oldest historical set with this new one.
Then, it :
updates the number of available historical sets
clears the number of days since last end of billing
in historical sets header.

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3.7. Real Time Clock (RTC)


3.7.1. Time keeping
The meter could propose two way of time keeping. The meter could be used with or without an off the shelf
battery. In case of no battery, super capacitor will be in charge of backup meter time. The maximum duration
of supported power outage is 24 hours (without the battery).
Battery
It is a standard size Lithium battery CR2032. It ensure operation reserve for at least 3 years, over a 10 years
period at 23C and a rated shelf life of 20 years at 23C. It could be replaced even if when the meter is
powered. If it is replaced when the meter is powered off, it is no use reprogramming the clock thanks to
the pre-equiped super-capacitor.
Battery default is stored by logbook if non-fatal alarm is managed; in addition it is possible to provide this
information to LCD and control output
Super capacitor
The minimum capacity is 24 hours at reference temperature (23C), and it recharges itself is less than 5min.
Super capacity takes precedence over the battery.
It is very important to have a look over the battery and its programmed information, because the battery is in
charge to manage the meter time in case of power failure.
Accuracy
The accuracy has been proven by NMI.
0,05s per day at 23C when meter is powered by main
3min per year when meter is powered by backup battery or super capacitor, at reference
temperature (23C).
0.15s per day per C: temperature deviation for operating scope = -10C to 55C (the operating
temperature of the clock is between -40C and 60C).

3.7.2. Date and Time Management


Clock base
The management of the meter time can be done either through a crystal component integrated on the
microprocessor board, or according to the network frequency 50 or 60Hz. The current date & time is updated
each second.
Crystal: the accuracy is better compare to mains, so it is advice to use crystal, in this case, a
temperature correction algorithm is applied to compensate the temperature variations, and keep the
accuracy within IEC1162 limits.

Mains: the accuracy dependent on the quality frequency network, in case of power failure,
automatically the time is managed as backup by the lithium battery and the time calculation is done
via the crystal.

Reference date and leap year


There is a reference date (1/01/1992). The meter manages dates within 100 years from reference date. So,
the range is [1/1/1992...12/31/2091].
The meter manages leap years

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Clock setting
It is possible to set the clock in different ways :
with the push buttons (use of sealed button). In this case, there is no DST flag associated with the
programmed clock.
through the communication ports. A DST flag is associated with the new date and time.
At each date programming, all fields of date are defined even the field second.
Clock setting with limitation
It is configurable if the clock correction is limited to
a certain amount per minute :
This threshold if used is dedicated to change progressively the meter time following clock setting
This threshold can be set between 0 and 29 seconds.
If the threshold is equal to 0, no limitation is active. Each time reconfiguration is taken into account
immediately.
If the threshold is different to 0, every minute, the maximum authorized delta is added or subtracted
at the middle of the minute. So, no minute top is triggered by this modification. Only one delta is
taken into account in each minute.
The progressive correction will be done when the total duration between current time and the new
one will be done
Example :
If a threshold of 15 seconds is programmed and the current meter time is 9h4535, and the new expected
time is 10h0000, the new time will be progressively reached by adding at half every minutes 15 seconds.
With this function 1 minute is virtually equal to 75 seconds

The duration between both time is 865 seconds, each minutes become = 75 seconds so it necessary to have
12 minutes before to reach to the new expected time.
Note if the clock setting requested is back compare to the current time, the threshold is subtracted at each
half minute, so one minute is virtually shorter, during all correction process.
a certain amount per billing period :
This threshold can be set between 0 and 60 minutes.
If the threshold is equal to 0, no limitation is active. Each time reconfiguration is taken into account
immediately.
If the threshold is different to 0, each correction request (or sum of correction requests) in the same
billing period, above this limit is not taken into account but discarded (no carry over into next
billing period).
Before each time correction, the meter take into account the other clock setting in the same billing
period in order to authorise or not the modification of time.
If a new clock setting is performed during the correction process, the delta not already processed is lost. The
new delta is taken into account with the same rule.

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This working mode can generate several clock setting one after the other.
This clock setting limitation is not taken into account for a DST or a clock synchronisation.
A power failure stops a clock correction in progress.

Example :
If clock setting is less or equal to 15 minutes, the clock setting is accepted

If clock setting is superior to 15 minutes then the new expected time is give up (clock setting not
done)
Several time corrections can be done during a billing period and always authorized if less than the threshold.

DST flag management


Date and time reading

This flag describes the legal season in the meter (normal or summer). If there is no DST dates programmed
or if the current date and time is outside the year for which DST dates are programmed, the meter is in
normal season.
Date and time programming

The meter modifies the date and time received if the associated DST flag is different of the season
calculated by the meter for the date and time programmed
Examples

with meter configured with European DST (60 correction last Sunday of March and October)

- Clock setting on February 18th with DST flag = normal


no correction
- Clock setting on April 26th with DST flag = normal
the meter adds 60 to the date
and time received
th
- Clock setting on June 4 with DST flag = summer
no correction
rd
- Clock setting on December 23 with DST flag = summer
the meter subtracts 60 to the
date and time received
The current season in the meter before the clock setting does not matter.

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DST Management
The meter is programmable for daylight saving adjustment, whereby the clock can be automatically set in the
future or in the past on pre-programmed days.
The management of Daylight Saving Time can be done in 2 ways :
in programming really each date of change Summer/Winter and Winter/Summer. The user needs to
program 2 dates per year (10 values that represent 5 years). Values are associated to hour of change.
The delta programmed (increment or decrement value defined in minutes, maximum value 120, and
usually 60) is the same for the ten DST.
in implementing an algorithm based on programmable generic dates, only 2 dates are programmed.
For example, European rules :
change of Winter/Summer, the last Monday on March at 2 oclock and
change of Summer/Winter, the last Monday on October at 3 oclock.
Values are associated to hour of change. The delta programmed (increment or decrement value
defined in minutes, maximum value 120) is the same for both DST.
Generic date are defined if at least one field is not specified ( for more information regarding programming
of generic date, see AIMS-PRO user Guide)
The different ways are exclusive and programmable.

3.7.3. RTC Advise

Clock setting Parameters preferably must be stay to zero and not used, otherwise dont forget the
new expected time is not active immediately.

Generic DST is better than programmed dates, because DST management is permanent.
Meter base time preferably must be programmed as crystal, the accuracy is better.
Remember also the law related to synchronization, Window +/- 1 minute, pulse synchronization = 1
second and if several meter must synchronize parallel schema must be done.

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3.8. TARIFFICATION
It is necessary to have flexible meters in order to change easily the tariff structure from single rate to multirates. It can be done through an internal calendar called also very often time switch.
The tariff management, will be done by the internal calendar, in charge to pilot and select the correct rate
during a day.
ACE6000 is very flexible and enables a lot of possibility related to tariff structure, below the switching rate
capability from the internal tariff structure (internal time switch/calendar);
The meter has always 2 tariff structures : the current one and the future.
A structure of Time Switch by default is defined in the meter and this structure is active at the first power up
before the first programming of tariff structure.
The programmed structure is always the future one and the due date is always programmed too.
The time switch function is used to apply the tariff structure to the meter. Depending of the electricity
demand, it is easy to understand that in winter the consumption will be increased to compare summer period.
Due to this, the price of KWh could be different between summer and winter

3.8.1. Index Parameters:


General information
Indexes will be used to select an expected rate allocated to one channel according to the meter time.
Indexes enable mainly to increase the flexibility of switching and dissociate the rate activation time between
active and reactive energy. Often for billing purpose reactive energy uses only one rate and active energy
use more rates.
Two additional managements can be offered in order to take into account some specific events:

index could be take into account immediately or delayed to the end of integration period,

In case of clock loss, the index related to less rate cost (night) could be activated.

Energy and demand channels must be defined before the definition of the indexes.
An additional information can be managed with an index; it is tariff information dedicated to end customer
with a control output.
Index activation mode
The index could be taken into account immediately; in this case the rate is applied immediately as defined in
the calendar schedule.
Or the index activation could be delayed up to the end of the running integration period.
Default index in case of clock loss:
A default index could be assigned to the situation where a "clock loss" event appears. The usage would like
that the clock loss index chosen is the lowest price in order to doesnt penalize the end customer.
Index parameters:
The index is used to match a specific energy and demand rate registers to one channel, plus eventually tariff
information. Up to 50 indexes can be used to fulfill to the tariff structure.

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These index definitions are only available if previously energy, demand channels have been defined and for
tariff information. Control output selection depending of previous definition done.The limit is given by the
previous number of rates allocated to this energy type from energy channel. 8 is the maximum

3.8.2. Calendar
Generality
The internal calendar will be created related to number of rates used during day and season. So to fulfill all
over the world the requests in term calendar, the meter is very rich and flexible.
Quantities

Number

Seasons

12

Exclusion days

100

Day profiles

24

Switching times/day profile

16

Switching times in all day profiles

100

Season
One season is defined by starting date with the concerned day and month.
Depending of the tariff structure only one season can be used or up to 12 if the structure is sophisticated.
The starting date of the first season is mandatory the 1st of January.
Day profile
Each day profile is characterized by starting time which is mandatory midnight and each switching time can
be defined in hour an minutes and have an associated index, in charge to activate the concerned rate.
One Day profile can have a maximum of 16 switching and maximum switching use by all day profile is limited
to 100.
Up to 24 Day Profiles can be defined.
Week profile
A week profile is characterized by one season and one day profile associated to a specific day of the week.
Calendar due date
The calendar due date is the instant when the future calendar is applied as the current calendar.
Warning:
It is very important when the calendar is defined to give a due date; it is advice to give the PC date and time,
or at least the first day of the running year.
Indeed, when the configuration will be programmed into the meter a copy of future calendar is done to the
current calendar.
The current date and time of the meter must superior to calendar due date if the need if that the current
calendar applies immediately into the meter
Calendar Name
The calendar name have no influence on the time switch behaviour, it is purely informative and can be seen
on LCD if include into a list.

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Up to 8 characters can be used to define the calendar name.
Exclusion day
There are the holidays or the special days during the years where the tariff structure to be applied could be
different
In order to fulfill all requirements, up to 100 special days can be programmed. The special day could be
repetitive or not.

Repetitive is defined only with day and month and without year with concerned DP. For example, the
first of May whatever the year could be dedicated to DP1.

Non repetitive is defined with day, month and year. The user has to program the concerned year and
when the last exclusive day reaches, it will be necessary to reprogram the new expected exclusive
day.

Behaviour at power failure


Masked minute top : In case of the power failure masks a minute top, after the power up, the Index is
determined immediately by Day Profile and Calendar.
Masked daily top : In case of the power failure masks a daily top, the season is determined immediately after
the power up. If the power failure does not mask a minute top, Season, Calendar & Day Profile are not
concerned by this power failure.

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3.9. MANAGEMENT OF ALARMS AND LOGGING OF EVENTS


The ACE6000 is able to manage through the Logbook control up to 42 events, the objective will be to store
some events, which will permit to survey and analyze the meter behaviour.
The log book events have a capability of 500 events maximum, it is advice to select only related events to
the metering context.
An example: if Periodical EOI is selected and the period is equal to 15 minutes, only for this events, 96
Periodical EOI will be stored each day, the depth in that case will be only about 5 days.
It will be advice an more interesting to select asynchronous EOI, which will provide a real interesting
information about what events as triggered an asynchronous EOI.
Warning:
Remember the depth of storage and it is advice to select all events from:

Specific action done into the meter + communication


Management of fatal or non fatal + clear alarm are also advice
Only the asynchronous events are advice
All other events must be selected only if important from the meter context.

In addition to the logbook events, the meter can manage two types of alarms:

Fatal : A fatal alarm causes the meter to come back to Non operational (Stop ) mode
Non fatal

When alarms have been detected by the meter, they can be reported through the LCD or control output or
with several media such as SMS or Email. They are reported only if the corresponding event is logged into
the logbook.

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3.9.1. Log book Content


Below a list of selectable events:
Event

Description

PERIODICAL EOI
ASYNCHRONOUS EOI
PERIODICAL EOB
PROGRAMMED EOB
ASYNCHRONOUS EOB
INDEX_DPM
RESTORE_INTERNAL_INDEX
DAY_PROFILE_CL
RESTORE_INTERNAL_DAY_PROFILE
SEASON_SM
RESTORE_INTERNAL_SEASON
DST_WITH_SEASON
ENTER_DOWNLOAD_MODE
SAVE_MANUFACTURER_PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION_LN_PROGRAMMING
INDEX_PARAMETER
NON_FATAL_ALARM_APPEARANCE
NON_FATAL_ALARM_DISPEARANCE
FATAL_ALARM_APPEARANCE
PARAMETERS_SAVING
CLEAR_NON_FATAL_ALARM
CLEAR_FATAL_ALARM
INTERNAL_CLOCK_SYNCHRO
CLOCK_SETTING
DST_WITHOUT_SEASON
AC_FAIL_APPEARANCE
AC_FAIL_DISAPPEARANCE
PWR_FAIL_APPEARANCE
POWER_UP
PROGRAMMING CM
PROGRAMMING DI
CANCEL_PROGRAMMING_DI
RESENT_MEASUREMENT_DATA
START_MEASUREMENT
STOP_MEASUREMENT
START_TRIGGERED_TESTS
STOP_TRIGGERED_TESTS
END_OF_DATA_SAVING
LOAD_PROFILE_RESET
PASSWORD RESTORATION
INDEX_CLOCK_LOSS
SUCCESSFUL COMMUNICATION

Asynchronous end of integration period


Periodical end of billing period
Pre-programmed end of billing period
Asynchronous end of billing period
Change of index (from index table)
Ask for restoring internal index
Change of current day profile
Restoring internal current day
Change of current season
restoring internal current season
Change of current season (linked to DST)
Enter in download mode
Manufacturing parameters backup
Programming action
index
appearance of a non fatal alarm
disappearance of a non fatal alarm
appearance of a fatal alarm
Parameters saving (*)
Clearing non fatal alarms
Clearing fatal alarms
Internal clock synchronisation
clock setting
DST (without change of season)
Acfail appearance (**)
AcFail disappearance (**)
Power fail appearance (***)
Power up
data programming via communication
data programming via push button
cancellation of data programming via push button
reset of measurement data
start measurement
Stop measurement
start triggered tests
stop triggered tests
end of current data saving
load profile reset
password restoration
default clock loss index
successful communication

Periodical end of integration period

(*) parameters saved: is recorded each time new configuration parameters have been programmed into the
meter.
(**) AC fail appearance or disappearance: are stored when a micro power failure (<=1 second) is detected by

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the meter, in the same time the state of power supply backup is checked.
(***) Power fail appearance: is stored when the meter calculation reaches to lower cut threshold, in that case
all data evolution are saved.

3.9.2. Alarms
Definition
Alarms overview is given below in order to provide some additional information related to their management:
Alarms can be
Fatal : the meter goes in STOP mode (STOP on the LCD), no more registration into register is
done
Non fatal : meter is still able to work, some of them are purely informative
Another classification exist for alarms, according to their clearing mode :
Clearing on alarm disappearance : these alarms are named self-healing alarms.
Clearing on specific command (reset via Communications or Display). That means that alarms
are memorised until the reset is asked, even if alarm has disappeared in the meantime : these
alarms are named trapped alarms.
Fatal alarms can be cleared only by a reset command. So, fatal alarms are always trapped alarms.
Two occurrences can be linked to an alarm :
Alarm appearance
Alarm disappearance.
For some alarms (for example communication error), a single occurrence is possible : alarm appearance.
These are fugitive alarms.
These specific alarms can only be cleared by a reset command because there is no alarm disappearance.
So, fugitive alarms are always trapped alarms.

FATAL alarms

FUGITIVE alarms

TRAPPED alarms

SELF-HEALING alarms

NON FUGITIVE alarms

TRAPPED alarms

NON FATAL alarms

FUGITIVE alarms

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Description
The below table provides additional information for the alarms management to know mainly if they belong to
self-healing or trapped, and their condition of appearance.
Alarm description

Trapped /
self healing

Activation conditions

Non fatal alarms


WATCHDOG ACTIVITY.
EXTERNAL CLOCK INCOHERENCE (1)
CONFIGURATION INCOHERENCE (2)
NON VOLATILE
MEMORY_NON_FATAL_ERROR
PROGRAMMING INCOHERENCE (3)
COVER_OPENING
NO INTERNAL CONSUMPTION
ZERO_SEQUENCE_U
ZERO_SEQUENCE_I
CLOCK LOSS (4)
EXTERNAL ALARM
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 1)
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 2)
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 3)
TEMPERATURE
VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 1)
VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 2)
VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 3)
VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 1)
VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 2)
VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 3)
VOLTAGE SWELL (PHASE 1)
VOLTAGE SWELL(PHASE 2)
VOLTAGE SWELL (PHASE 3)
BATTERY ALARM
EXCESS DEMAND

Trapped
Trapped
Trapped
Trapped

Watchdog (**)
Meter clock programming error
Incoherence of configuration parameters
Checksum error in Flash memory (**)

Trapped
Trapped
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Self healing
Trapped
Self healing

Incoherence of parameters programmed


Detection of abnormal use of terminal cover
No internal energy consumed for more than n days

Fatal alarms
INTERNAL_RAM_ERROR
EXTERNAL_RAM_ERROR
INTERNAL PROGRAM MEMORY ERROR.
EXTERNAL PROGRAM MEMORY ERROR.

Trapped
Trapped
Trapped
Trapped

Permanent checksum error in internal RAM


Permanent checksum error in external RAM
Permanent checksum error in internal code
Permanent checksum error in external code

Incoherence of internal clock after power cut (*)


Change of direction of current flow on phase 1
Ditto for phase 2
Ditto for phase 3
Meter temperature greater than threshold
Voltage cut on phase 1 longer than threshold
Ditto for phase 2
Ditto for phase 3
Voltage sag on phase 1 longer than threshold
Ditto for phase 2
Ditto for phase 3
Voltage swell on phase 1 longer than threshold
Ditto for phase 2
Ditto for phase 3
Battery voltage level less than threshold (*)
Demand over threshold detected

(*) Require and an action of maintenance to replace the battery and set the date and time to the meter.
(**) When such alarms are detected the meter alters data and registers values take the previous backup 4
hours values, it is largely advice to remove the meter, or at least erase the default with software and survey
the meter.
(1) It is an alarm non-fatal, only one time the chip RTC doesnt accept to be programmed, that has not a big
influence on the meter time management.
Some alarms are included into monitoring structure, no internal or external consumption, please refer to it for
details.
(2) The possible cause are the following

An energy Rate is used but quantity is not selected

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Rate number is superior to number of rate used by the energy channel


Incorrect quantity selected in load profile channel (seem not possible)
incorrect scaler is selected from load profile channel
Day is not defined from the weekly profile calendar
Number of day profile superior to the day profile really configured.

All above cause are normally not possible due to AIMS control.
(3) This event cant be normally met because AIMS is in charge to survey the coherence of the configuration
and only a coherent configuration can be save and programmed.
(4) In case of clock loss, the meter takes the reference date 01/01/1992 at midnight
If after configuration programming, programming incoherence is detected by a reading of meter status word,
that means the previous meter configuration contained different objet and the new configuration doesnt
erased these objet.
Erase non-fatal alarm has to be performed through AIMS to eliminate this unjustified alarm
Meter status on the LCD
DATA

Digit Number
(1 = Right, 8 = Left)

Possible values

NON FATAL ALARMS F.F.2


WATCHDOG ACTIVITY
BATTERY ALARM
NEUTRAL LOSS
TEMPERATURE

DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

COMMUNICATION ERROR
PROGRAMMING INCOHERENCE
CLOCK LOSS
EXTERNAL CLOCK INCOHERENCE

DIGIT 2
DIGIT 2
DIGIT 2
DIGIT 2

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 1)


VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 1)
VOLTAGE SWELL (PHASE 1)
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 1)

DIGIT 3
DIGIT 3
DIGIT 3
DIGIT 3

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 2)


VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 2)
VOLTAGE SWELL (PHASE 2)
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 2)

DIGIT 4
DIGIT 4
DIGIT 4
DIGIT 4

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

VOLTAGE CUT (PHASE 3)


VOLTAGE SAG (PHASE 3)
VOLTAGE SWELL (PHASE 3)
CURRENT REVERSAL (PHASE 3)

DIGIT 5
DIGIT 5
DIGIT 5
DIGIT 5

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

NO INTERNAL CONSUMPTION
NOT USED
ZERO_SEQUENCE_U
ZERO_SEQUENCE_I

DIGIT 6
DIGIT 6
DIGIT 6
DIGIT 6

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

NOT USED
CONFIGURATION INCOHERENCE
NON VOLATILE MEMORY ERROR
EXCESS DEMAND

DIGIT 7
DIGIT 7
DIGIT 7
DIGIT 7

1,3,5,9,B,D,F
2,3,6,7,A,B,E,F
4,5,6,7,C,D,E,F
8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F

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DATA

Digit Number
(1 = Right, 8 = Left)

Possible values

NOT USED
COVER OPENING

DIGIT 8
DIGIT 8

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,A,B,C,D,E,F
8

FATAL ALARMS F.F.1


INTERNAL_RAM_ERROR
EXTERNAL_RAM_ERROR
INTERNAL PROGRAM MEMORY ERROR.
EXTERNAL PROGRAM MEMORY ERROR.

DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1
DIGIT 1

DIGIT 1 : BIT 0
DIGIT 1 : BIT 1
DIGIT 1 : BIT 2
DIGIT 1 : BIT 3

NON UTILISE

DIGIT 2

DIGIT 2 : BIT 0-3

3.9.3. Alarm notification:


The purpose of this functionality is to send automatically some alarms via Email or SMS.
The user has to define:
The periodicity to restart automatic alarm in hours, the range is from 1 hour to 18 hours, it is just dedicated to
repeat to be sure a corrective action will be done by the concerned utility services.
The utility services is illustrated by the Destination A, B, C, a configuration have to be defined for each utility
services, that can be linked to a specific contract between utility and provider of a service such as
maintenance screw or external company services.
Email address size is maximum 56 characters, therefore alias can be used and several addresses could be
used.
For SMS, notification, only the phone number is mandatory.
When alarms selection is done, the user couldnt select the same alarms for different destination, alarms
related to each destination are mandatory different.
Example :
From: aankou@chasseneuil.actaris.com
To: <aankou@chasseneuil.actaris.com>
Subject: ALARM from meter 'ACT661MATCP04001' [ID 5217]
Date: Tue, 20 Jul 2004 15:13:28 +0200
Alarm(s) from meter 'ACT661MATCP04001' :
Alarm ID: 5217
Event: COVER OPENING
Logbook ID: 29889
Date/Time: 07-20-2004 16:05:34
Alarm ID : Its objective is to number each alarm sent out in order the user being able to make an historic of
all alarm sent out via a given service since a power up (the alarm Id is not saved in non volatile memory).
Numbering is not necessary the same for SMS and email
Logbook ID : It is the Identifier of the logbook event when recorded.
Date/Time : It is the date and time found for the concerned event inside the logbook if the concerned event
is recorded inside the logbook, or the current date and time if the event is not recorded inside the logbook.
Warning:

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Email is matched to TCP/IP definition from communication item of meter configuration. (see
communication )
Failure cases by SMS
Two failure cases can be found in the use of short message service: when there is no modem at all and
when the modem attached to the meter is not able to manage SMS.
In case of Modem absence:
For the first case, the communication will always fail and an attempt will be retried when every event report
timeout is elapsed, until an appropriate modem will be attached. When so, only the remaining message (the
last ones), will be sent to the destination. The first ones will be thew away due to overflow problems. The size
of the file is 10 messages

Non ability of SMS sending:


For the second case, the modem will send back an error message to the AT+CMGS=PhoneNumber
command. This will not disturb the normal working way of the modem because this command does not
belong to the normal set of the command collection need for the modem initialization for a normal
communication. The AT+CMGS=PhoneNumber command is sent only when a SMS need to be sent.
Modem not initialized:
It can happen that a message need to be sent out before the SMS modem being properly initialized. In such
a case, the message will be sent out after the repetition delay. This way of working lead to a gap between an
email and a SMS delivery.
Failure cases by EMAIL
The first case of error in SMS can occur also. When the TCP/IP configuration is not set or there is no IPCM,
an error message will occur every time a alarm report by email is initiated until everything being correct.
When so, only the last message can be sent out.
Failure at Power outage
Pending messages are not saved in non volatile memory. The consequence is that when a power outage
occurs, pending messages are lost.

3.9.4. Histories
For some events, it is interesting to memorise these associated data in histories, in addition to event current
data (identification + time stamp). Some events have associated data (for example duration and level of a
voltage sag).
Events are the following :
Change of index
Change of current day profile
Change of current season
Power failures
Disappearance of a non fatal alarm when the alarm is cover opening, voltage sag, voltage swell,
voltage cut, or current reversal
Appearance of a non fatal alarm when the alarm is watchdog activity
Data programming (though communication)
Data programming (through Display)
Calibration data programming
Start measurement
COSEM user connections

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For some events, associated data have to be read in other functions by Event Manager (for example,
duration and level of a voltage sag are read in the function Qualimetry).
Storage in an history is not configurable. If data are associated to an event, they are always stored in history,
even if this event is not configured to be stored in the logbook.
Maximum depth of histories is displayed in the table below :
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number
Maximum number

of index in index history


of day profiles in day profiles history
of seasons in seasons history
of voltage sags in voltage sags history
of voltage swells in voltage swells history
of voltage cuts in voltage cuts history
of long power failures in power failures history
of cover openings in cover openings history
of current reversals in current reversals history
of COSEM user connections history

100
10
2
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

Each history is a circular buffer (last entry erases the oldest one) sorted in chronological order.

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3.10. COMMUNICATIONS
3.10.1.

Generality

PSTN communication through modem (also including GSM or Hayes compatible Ethernet
modems).
Two protocols are used : IEC 1107 protocol and COSEM 3 layers profile protocol. The first one is defined by
[6], the second one by [1]..[5].

3.11. Communication ports


The meter supports up to 3 ports.
One optical port according to [6]
Two additional ports, which are typically RS232, but can also be RS485 or optical fiber
Two communication ports can be active at the same time. The optical port has priority over one of the other
ports.
RS232 ports support communication through a modem.

The ACE6000 meter is able to communicate according to several ways such as:

Direct communication with RS232 or RS485 or Optical probe for local and laboratory usage

Remote communication though modem can be connected to remote the meter data.

new media such as GSM and TCP/IP are available.

The purpose of Communication item is to determine how the meter in field situation will be read, and the user
has opportunity to configure the communication port.

3.11.1.

Physical links

Optical Port:
The selection of optical port enables to the user to program the handle of meter communication through
optical probe:
The speed could be chosen between 1200, 2400, 4800, and 9600 bd. Advice value is 9600.
Device Address:

Is used with the IEC 1107 standard readout. The meter will respond to a correct address, or an
opening without address. The field may be empty, the default value is meteraddress and the label
address can be done with a maximum of 32 characters.
Proposed Baudrate:

The speed cans choice between: 1200, 2400, 4800, and 9600. The communication start at 300
bauds and switch automatically to the speed programmed among the forth values. Advice value is
9600.

Response Time:

Allows configuring the delay time between request and answering (see IEC 62056-21 for details).
Possible values: 20ms and 200ms.
IEC1107 Data Parameters:
AIMS enables to chose the reading data presentation obtained with readout software tool.

the data format with regards to the delimiters between the identification code fields proposed are:

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EDIS Separators: the separators between code fields are set as defined by IEC 62056-61, Annex
A1 (example: 1-1:1.8.0*13)

Separators are Dots: All separators are represented by dots (example: 1.1.1.8.0.13).
No separator: the identification code fields are sent without delimiters (example: 1118013).

Number of historical sets:

For the IEC Data readout mode the number of historical sets for energy and demand can be
specified, which are sent automatically with the data protocol.
Configuration Security:

When the switch laboratory is selected from above screen, then, if the user want to change the
meter configuration, it will be necessary to open the meter cover and depress the switch laboratory
one time. A timer = 1 hour is started and the new configuration can be programmed into the meter.

This security has been added to satisfy to customer request, therefore it is advice to not used.
Serial port
The serial Port of the meter supports only DLMS/COSEM protocol. The serial port and optical port are
managed by the same UART. The optical port has always the priority over the serial port.
Port can be used for local communication via RS232 cable, if this port is RS485 a converter must be added.
The user has to define how the meter could be used for local communication.
The following information can be programmed with the below screen:
Communication Speed:

Has to match the speed, which is used by a direct, connected communication device, different to a
standard modem. Possible values are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 bauds.
Transmit Window Size:

Allows to improve the data transfer rate, depending of the quality of the communication it will be
possible to program the transmit window size from 1 to 7.

1 is preferably used for poor communication lines and 7 will be used and it is the value by default for
good communication lines.
Inter Character Time out:

Is a value, which allows determining the end of a transmission frame. This parameter allows
adapting the meter to possible character delays, coming from data compression, error correction or
data packaging applications, which are part of the communication channel.

The range for this value is from 20 up to 1000 ms. For transparent connections a value of 30ms is
good, for typical modem connections a value of 100ms is good, for connection with internet modems
a value of 150ms has proven to be suitable. The allocated value by default is 110ms.

Note:
The communication via optical probe uses Inter character time out not programmable and the value allocated
is 40ms..
Inactivity Time out:

Allows defining when the meter will disconnect a communication link, which has no more data
transfer.

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For Actaris metering ACE6000 and TCP/IP communication, depending the type of network the following
addresses have been defined to manage the communication

The port id 703 is used whatever the requested type of communication

The port Id 10703 is used for communication between the DCS and the mediation server.

The port id 10704 is used for communication between the DCS and the registration server.

The port Id 10705 will be used as the destination port id for communication between the meter and
the mediation server.

The port Id 10706 will be used as destination port id for communication between the meter and the
registration server.

Modem Utility:
The user has to know precisely how this port will be used to remote the meter data. The available function
offered for modem management are:

Device dedicated line on serial port

Direct line no modem control

Power supply on

Power supply off.

Device dedicated line on port:


A phone line is strictly dedicated to the meter.
Direct line. No modem control:
Even if a modem is connected, by this choice, the modem is not control by the meter, it will be important to
select this function for RS485 communication type, mainly when several meters are connected on the same
communication bus.
Device dedicated line on serial port:
When the user has made this choice, the connected modem will be power supply by the meter up to 10V and
100mA, over that consumption the modem could by power supply externally.
The VMDM signal is provided through the RJ45 pins between the pin1 (+) and 6 (0V).
In order to improve the modem communication, a periodical switch off of VMDM is done in order to
reinitialize the connected modem.
Following that choice, it will be important according to the connected modem to:

Program the speed often 2400 bauds for pocket modem and other 9600bauds

Program the HAYES command into the meter configuration.

The most important thing will be to program the HAYES command, like this the meter will be able to send
periodically the HAYES command to the modem.
The usual HAYES commands used are reminded below, with explanation.
ATS0=2 Sets the value of register S0 to 2. Register S0 defines the number of rings before answer.
S0=2 will cause the modem to answer, in auto-answer mode, on the second ring.
It is compulsory to set this parameter on meter side.
ATE0 = Echo off: in command mode, the characters sent to the modem by the PC (or the meter in real
application) are not returned by the modem.
In this case, the characters typed on the PC (HyperTerminal software) will not be displayed on the PC
screen, but the modem answer will appear after hitting <return>.
This command should be set on both sides.
ATM0 Modem loud speaker off. (Facultative, as needed).
AT&D0 DTR signal is ignored.
This command is compulsory when communication flow control with DTR is not used.

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For example with GSM modem, or with pocket modem (Dataflex or Eurocom), on meter side. It is not
required on PC side.
ATX3 ATX filters the answers emitted by the modem. In case of ATX3, the modem will
Send the following messages, when applicable: OK, CONNECT, RING, NO
CARRIER, ERROR, CONNECT X (X=speed), BUSY.
This command should be set on both sides.
To save the new settings in the modem (settings that will be used after a power up of the modem, or
After an ATZ command (reset)):
AT&W = Save the current configuration in non volatile memory number 0
Below an overview of PSTN application:

For this type of communication the user have to do from AIMS the following:
From AIMS and PC side: go to /Setup/other setup the Hayes command and speed can be pre-programmed
according to the modem type, the below screen is related to:

External modem Olitec self-memory connected to the PC through Com1 with a speed 9600 bauds,
the below screen gives the Hayes command advice for this modem.

or Internal, by the selection of Modem TAPI connection

In each case the speed and the communication port used must be define.

For TAPI connection, AIMS give automatically the modem type integrated to your PC and by that
way windows driver matched to it is on your PC.

This choice is much easier to handle the modem communication, the location of the communication
port used by the modem TAPI can be given by the selection of Parameters/configuration
panels/Modem.

From meter side/ Configuration/ communication/ utility or modem port/:


The programmable modem information will be:

The speed = 9600 must be the same as PC side

Device dedicated line on serial port

HAYES command related to Olitec modem type

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In addition from AIMS side, it will be important when the meter will be created to choice PSTN
communication and program the phone number used by this meter.
Some example of internal tested equipment:

The above are not exhaustive, therefore it is re-commanded to take care before to buy modem.
Depending of the couple of modem used the Hayes command to program could be slightly different.
Direct line. No modem control:
It is mandatory to use this choice when several meters have to be read using the same line, mainly for
RS485 application.

Each meter will be programmed with a different physical address that enables to dissociate the meter on
bus, because only one line is used to call them.
A converter RS485 is used between meters and modem below this equipment:

Below the connection details between meter RJ45 and the converter RS485:

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On the converter device, two physical switches have to be positioned as followed:

DCE

T-on / R-on

Direct link for local RS485 communication:


For remote meter data by modem:

DTE

T-on / R-on

Physical address of the meter can be programmed when a communication is done, by the selection of Write/
physical address.
The physical address by default is 17.
This application RS485 will be used when on field situation the distance between meters is relatively
important, max on BUS is 20 meters and max distance of the BUS is about 2Km.
RS485 is available only on Serial port from the meter and related to the customer order, on this port 232 can
be also provided.
Other possible application based on RS232:

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ACE6000 METER

AIMS

Exactly as RS485, a different physical address must be programmed into each meter.
A Black box is used and up to 8 meters can be connected, as RS485 application one phone line is used.
This type of application will be used when the distance is small between meters, the RS232 standard about
few meters.

3.11.2.

Access rights

Logical devices
Clients

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3.12. AUXILIARY OUTPUTS


3.12.1.

Metrological LED

Those 2 Led transmit active and /or reactive aggregate energy pulses. There are mainly used for meter
calibration and control.
The allocation of the led, the led output quantity and the pulse led characteristics, On Duration between 10
and 100 ms by 10ms steps and Off Duration, are freely programmable at the manufacturer level.
Possible pulse led quantities are :
Active, reactive aggregate energies.
Output frequency/duration.
Led weight pulse is chosen in order to provide 1 Hz output frequency at nominal load and 15Hz at
maximum load.

3.12.2.

Control outputs

The outputs are mainly dedicated to provide customer information, in order to increase the management of
his consumption to avoid some extra penalties.
The functionality related to control output is mainly dedicated to provide information about metering situation,
in order to help the end customer to manage his electricity contract.
Below the list of selectable function:
Not allocated (nothing is selected)
Clock synchro
Alarms
Excess demand
Phase cut
EOB1, EOB2
End of integration
Index CO 1, 2, 3, 4.
For each control output, the active level is programmable.
Clock synchro
The synchronization signal is managed directly by the meter clock every hour or one time per day.
If the meter is programmed with one control output using clock synchronization, then a signal could be sent
to other meters (in case of more than one meter, all meters must be connected in parallel) to its control input
programmed to accept pulse synchronization.
An internal synchronization is done every hour; output contact is closed and sends one pulse
Alarms
When alarm is programmed over one control output, the first alarm detected will activate the concerned
control output. Local and external devices can be connected and a maintenance crew can react according to
the alarm type and take appropriate decision.
The full list of alarms will be given in the Alarm management.

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Excess demand signal
This function is dedicated to inform the end customer when the internal calculation of the meter demand is
over the subscribed limit.
See the relative Excess demand for more description of the functionnality

Phase cut:
The meter will detect phase cut when the phase voltage reaches the lower threshold programmed into
monitoring table; and the info could be retransmitted over the control output
EOB1, EOB2:
When one control output is programmed as EOB1 or EOB2, the delivered pulse is dedicated to inform the
customer, that an end of billing period is done into the meter.
End of integration:
The purpose of end of integration over control output signal is dedicated to inform the end customer system
that the meter integration period is closed.
In that case if pulse output is also used, both information enable to rebuild with external device the meter
consumption.
Index CO1 up to CO4
The purpose of Index CO1 up to CO4 from control output is to provide tariff information through control
output.
To be able to have that information getting out the control output, the control output should be configured as
Index CO1 (.. 4), and the link should be done with the tariffication (via the index table)

3.12.3.

Pulse outputs

The purpose of control output programmed as pulse outputs is to link an external equipment in charge to
rebuilt the meter consumption.
When pulse output is used, most of the time it could be interesting to use one control output to provide an
end of integration period in order to synchronize both equipments.
Other functionality related to pulse output is to link pulse output to pulse input from another meter, the
second one can make the summation.
There are 2 modes for Pulse output management:
The metrological one which use the secondary quantities
The non metrological one which use the primary quantities (taken into account of CT/VT ratio)
Pulse output transmits pulses with :
correct pulse characteristics, according to pulse outputs type (pulse level for KYZ type, pulse duration
and level for S0 type),
valid transmission frequency (it does not exceed the maximum frequency 15 Hz). the minimum time
between pulses must be at least equal to 30ms
physical output level : It is the level after hardware detection. The active level corresponds to a present
signal.
Metrological mode
In that mode, it is the secondary energy which is retransmitted on the configured output. The values are
metrological like the led retransmission. The meter could be calibrated using that pulse output configuration.
In that configuration, the pulse output are not affected by CT/VT ratio.

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Non metrological mode
In that mode, aware that output pulses are time buffered . Their retransmission takes into account the
pulses number to be output during 1 second. The time interval between 2 pulses is function of the number of
pulses. In that configuration, the pulse output are affected by CT/VT ratio.

3.13. ANTI TAMPER FEATURES


3.13.1.

Cover opening

The control of the cover opening is performed periodically (200 ms).


When this tamper occurs, an non fatal alarm is set (see alarm management)
When the tamper disappears, the following actions are triggered :
the duration and the beginning date of the cover opening is calculated to be stored into the
histories
the non- fatal alarm cover opening is reset
This detection remains active during power failure but only one opening is counted whatever the real number
of opening. The detection is processed at power up. If the cover is opened and closed when the meter is
powered off, the beginning date and time of the cover opening is set to the power failure date and time, the
duration is set to power failure duration.

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4. Display Function
Only standard configuration functions are examined in this section whereas the relevant data can differ for
other configurations.

4.1. DISPLAYED DATA INFORMATION


The complete list of displayed data is shown in the appendix.
For each displayed list the parameters that are to be displayed can be configured and the sequential order
can also be programmed except that it is the same for the 3 lists.

4 quadrants

S1

Current
rate

S2

S6

pictogramms

Parameter
code

Parameter
value

Voltage
presence

S7

S8

Reserved

S9

S10

Display
Unity

S11

S12

Pictograms

Description of S1 up to S12
Energy direction: The current quadrant for reactive aggregate energy is displayed.
This information gives the direction for active and reactive aggregate energy. The
minimum instantaneous calculation to handle the arrow indicator must be greater than
1W or 1var
If the phase sequence is not correct, the indicator blinks.
Phase loss: Three icons indicate the presence of each phase. the corresponding icon
is off if the concerned phase is off.

S1 ALT

In case of sag or swell, the concerned phase icon blinks


LCD list identification :
When in alternate long mode, S1 is permanently displayed
When in alternate short mode, S1 blinks
When in normal mode, S1 is not displayed

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S2 Lab

S6 I1I2I3

Labswitch ON : It is the indication of lab switch state. If the indicator is displayed, the
Lab switch is activated and all specific programming are authorized. At maximum, this
indicator is displayed during one hour after the power up because there is a time-out for
this functionality.
Current Cross-phasing : This indicates if the order of current phases is 1, 2, 3 or 1, 3,
2. If the phase sequence is not correct (case 1, 3, 2), the indicator I1I2I3 (the fifth cursor
from the left) is lightened

S7 pm

pm indication
When the display format of the date and time is 12 hours, this indicator will be displayed
in the afternoon.

S8 am

am indication
When the display format of the date and time is 12 hours, this indicator will be displayed
in the morning

S9
S10

S11
S12

Excess demand detection:


will be displayed when internal calculation is over the power subscribe threshold
Battery low indication: When the voltage battery measured is lower than a
programmable threshold or the cumulative power failure duration exceed 3 years then
S10 is displayed.
No Battery indication : The indicator S10 is on when no battery is detected according
the configuration of alarm parameter
Active Communication: When the meter is in communication with the software tool
(whatever the communication media) The indicator is displayed during the complete
communication phase
Alarm Detection : when an alarm (fatal or not fatal) is detected by the meter the S12
indicator will be displayed

4.2. . Pushbutton use


There are 2 push buttons available:
the display button,
the reset button.
The action generated by each push button depends on the current mode. The available modes are
described in the following paragraphs.
Whatever the display mode, a simultaneous action on both push buttons has no action.
The display state chart will manage by 3 different actions on the Display Push button :
- Short push (< 2 s)
- Long push (>= 2s)
- Very long push (>= 5s)

4.3. DISPLAY MODES


There are different modes of display:
the normal display mode which is active by default (without action on the push buttons),
the alternate display long list mode
the alternate display short list mode,
the load profile data (P.01 and P.02) and MID data,
the set mode.

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Power-up

Reset PB >2"
/ RAZ MDI
Display PB (end of sequence)

Display PB (end of sequence)

Normal
(Auto scrolling)

Time-out
Reset PB

Time-out

Time-out
Display PB

Display PB >= 2"

Load Profile and MID


Display PB
/ next data

Reset PB >2"
/ RAZ MDI

Display PB
/ next data

Display PB >2"
/ autoscrolling

P.01

Alternate
short

Display PB

P.02
Display PB
Display PB

MID

display PB > 2"


/ enter in P.01

display PB > 2"


/ enter in P.02

Display
PB > 5"

Reset
PB >2"
/ RAZ MDI

Display PB >2"
/ autoscrolling

Alternate
long

display PB > 2"


/ enter in MID

Display PB

end

Reset PB >2"
/ RAZ MDI

Time-out
/ value cancelled

Time-out
/ value cancelled

Display PB (whole value blinking)


/ value cancelled
Reset PB >2" (whole value blinking)
/ value validated
Reset PB >2"
(programmable data)

Set

Reset PB
/ change field

Display PB (whole value blinking)


/ value cancelled
Reset PB >2" (whole value blinking)
/ value validated

Display PB
/ increment field

occurrence : action on reset push button, display push button or time-out,


/ action : action triggered by an event,
(condition) : condition required to take into account an event.
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Reset PB >2"
(programmable data)

ACE6000 METER

4.3.1. Display sequences


Lists description
Several lists of data or parameters to display are programmable by communication tool. There are 3
different lists in the same time and any one of them can be empty (Alternate Short, Alternate Long and
Set). The number maximum of data or parameter for each list is 100. In these 100 values, we only
include the current values.
Two other display sequences are available (in load profiles mode and MID mode), but their content is
not programmable
A label can be programmed to inform the end of whatever list is reached.

Historical values
The corresponding historical values are displayed either after the current one according to the
programmable number of historical values. In that case the historical value is not available, the display
skips to the next current data. OR
The corresponding historical values are displayed wherever in the sequence according to the
configuration. In that case the historical value is not available, the display skips to the next current
data.
The number of authorised historical sets with the LCD can be programmable independently from for
each list.
Timings
It will be possible to program the LCD to display the data from 1 to 60 seconds and the duration
between two consecutive parameters also from 1 to 60 seconds.
Time out (range 1 to 60 minutes). When the time out has elapsed, the display switches back to the
normal mode.
Auto-scrolling - normal mode
This mode is the default mode. In this mode, the data are displaying in auto scrolling.
In this mode, it is possible to perform an end of Billing by pressing the reset button.
State Chart of End of Billing
(From anywhere in the display, except in Set Mode)

Reset PB >2"
and
confirmation string

Display of
confirmation string
Time out 5"

Reset PB >2" and


Not lock out time
/ RESET MDI

Reset PB >2" and


lock out time
Display PB

Reset PB >2" and


Not lock out time
and not
confirmation string
/ RESET MDI

done

denied
Reset PB >2" and
lock out time
and not
confirmation string

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State chart of load profile (P.O1 and P.O2)


The load profile data can be displayed through the push button:
PO1 is allocated to the first array with a maximum of 8 load profile quantities
PO2 is allocated to the second array with an additional of 8-load profile quantities.
Below the description how to access to this load profile data with push button.

Display PB >2"
AND Load profile not empty/
Determine date of latest block

Display date

Display PB >2" /
Determine data of the
first registration
period of the selected
date
Display time of
the registration
period

Display "End"

Display PB
AND current date = first date

Display PB

Display data of
the registration
period

Display PB
AND last period

Display PB
Display PB >2"

Display PB and last data of current period/


Switch over to next
registration period
Display PB/
Display data of all channels

Display PB >2"

Display PB >2"

Display PB
AND current date != first date /
Switch over to date of previous day

Display PB >2"
AND Load profile empty

Display "End"

MID data (last choice of Load profile and MID mode)


When entry in this mode, the first data is displayed.
The next data is displayed if the display push button is activated less than 2 seconds.
When end of list is reached (there is no end text for this mode), or when the display push button is
activated more than 2 seconds, the display returns to the load profile and MID mode (first choice
P01).
See MDI data in the annexe

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Auto-scrolling in alternate modes


In alternate modes (Standard Data and Alternate Short), when the Display button is pushed (<2s) the
next data in the list is displayed.
When pushing the display button more than 2s, an auto-scrolling display of the data (skipping
historical values) is enabled until the button is released
If the button is released before the end of list is reached, the scrolling stops and the current data is
displayed.
If the end of list is reached before the button is released two behaviours are possible:
if an end of list string exists, it is displayed permanently,
Otherwise the meter returns in Normal Mode.
The very long push (>5s) is disabled in alternate modes (Standard Data and Alternate Short), and the
meter does no more return in Normal Mode in this case.
The following state chart describes the behaviour of auto-scrolling in Alternate Short and Std Data
(available from Alternate Long):

Alternate Mode

Display PB
/ display next data

Single data
Display
Display PB release

Display PB > 2"/


Display next data
Display PB still pushed AND
Last data of list notdisplayed

Scrolling
Display

Display PB still pushed AND


Last data of list displayed AND
No end of list

Display PB still pushed AND


Last data of list displayed AND
End of list

End of list
Display

Display PB

Alternate short mode with meter in alarm


When entry in this mode, if an alarm is present, the displayed data is mandatory the fatal and non-fatal
alarms. The non-fatal alarms are displayed in the data field of the display and the fatal alarms are
displayed in the code field. There is no code identification displayed for this data. If there is no present
alarm, the data display in first is the first data in the sequence.

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Display of data with multiple values


If a displayed data consists of several lines (e.g. MDI value with date and time) the lines are displayed
automatically after each other for 2 seconds each.
For the date stamps, the meter does not manage the field weekday. A dash is displayed instead of the
weekday.
In auto-scrolling mode, if the defined LCD ON time per data is more than the time necessary to
display all relevant lines, the lines are repeated (always a full data set is repeated). If the defined LCD
ON time is less than necessary it is automatically increased.
In alternate mode, the lines are displayed sequentially until an action on the display button or the exit
time out for the mode
Example of displayed data according configuration
The following table presents different cases of display according the configuration:
The energy channel is configured in Wh and the value is 123 456 789 Wh (Value reading via COSEM)
Progr
display
scaler

Prog
display
number of
decimal

Prog
number of
digit

Displayed value
with leading
zero

Unit

Significant
number of
digit

Value via Read-out

Maximum value
displayable

1
10e3
10e3
1
10e3
10e3
10e3

0
1
2
0
1
2
3

6
6
6
7
7
7
7

456789
23456,7
2456,78
3456789
123456,7
23456,78
3456,789

Wh
kWh
kWh
Wh
kWh
kWh
kWh

6+0
5+1
4+2
7+0
6+1
5+2
4+3

123456789*Wh
123456,789*kWh
123456,789*kWh
123456789*Wh
123456,789*kWh
123456,789*kWh
123456,789*kWh

999 999 Wh
999 99,9 kWh
9 999,99 kWh
9 999 999 Wh
999 999,9 kWh
99 999,99 kWh
9 999,999 kWh

The energy channel is configured in Wh and the value is 123 Wh (Value reading via COSEM)
Prog
display
scaler

Prog
display
number of
decimal

Progr
number of
digit

Displayed value
with leading
zero

Unit

Significant
number of
digit

Value via Read-out

Maximum value
displayable

1
10e3
1
10e3
e3
10
e3
10

0
1
0
1
2
3

6
6
7
7
7
7

000123
00000,1
0000123
000000,1
00000,12
0000,123

Wh
kWh
Wh
kWh
kWh
kWh

6+0
5+1
7+0
6+1
5+2
4+3

123*Wh
0,123*kWh
123*Wh
0,123*kWh
0,123*kWh
0,123*kWh

999 999 Wh
999 99,9 kWh
9 999 999 Wh
999 999,9 kWh
99 999,99 kWh
9 999,999 kWh

The energy channel is configured in kWh and the value is 123 456 789 kWh (Value reading via
COSEM)
Prog
display
scaler
e6

10
10e6
e3
10
10e6

Prog
display
number of
decimal

Prog
number of
digit

Displayed value
with leading
zero

Unit

Significant
number of
digit

Value via Read-out

Maximum value
displayable

0
1
0
0

6
6
7
7

123456
23456,7
3456789
0123456

MWh
MWh
kWh
MWh

6+0
5+1
7+0
6+0

123456,789*Mwh
123456,789*Mwh
123456789*Kwh
123456,789*Mwh

999 999 MWh


99 999,9 MWh
9 999 999 kWh
999 999 MWh

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Set mode for programming


Enter into the Set mode is possible only if a programming communication session is not active. In this
mode, it is possible to modify the data, which has been displayed when activation on the reset push
button.
List of data or parameter available for programming with display
Among all data and parameters of the meter, only the following data and parameters are available for
configuration operations. It is configurable if the following data are set-able or not by the set mode:
Date : year, month and day (1 value)
Time : hour, minute and second (1 value)
CT and VT ratio (2 values)
excess demand thresholds (maximum 10 values)
Pulse output weight (2 values)
Non Fatal Alarm Reset
Programming by push button
When entering this mode,
The set function for all data is locked for programming by communication.
The leftmost digit starts blinking and can be modified by pressing the display push button
(each activation increments by one, no decimal overflow).
Activation on the reset push button shifts the entry digit one place to the right. When the
rightmost digit is set the next activation of the reset push button starts blinking of the whole
value.
Activation on the reset push button allows validating the modification. A logical test on the
entries ensures that no inconsistent data is written in the meter.
If the input data is consistent, the meter is updated. The display goes back in the alternate
mode from where the set mode was initiated and the displayed data is the programmed
data with the new value.
Activation on the display push button or an inconsistent input data or no activation during
duration (programmable range 2 to 10 seconds), cancels the modification. The display
returns in the alternate mode from where the set mode was initiated and the displayed data
is the programmed data with the old value
Programming of CT and VT ratios
The CT and VT numerator and denominator are independently programmable with both push buttons
if allowed in the configuration.
When entering the Set mode, the meter checks the data format. If the data is not displayable the LCD
will display ERR DATA, then the meter returns in Alternate mode.
Current
value

Max value

Display
resolution

Number of Displayed
Displayed value in set mode
decimals value

100

65535

100

00100

185

65535

10

0.1850

00.1850

35

100

103

0.035

0.035

Examples of data display in set mode

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Consistency check tests when programming


The consistency check is performed when validating the new value and not in real time. For each data
set-able, the permitted range is given below:
Date :
year : range :00 ... 99,
month : range : 1 ... 12
Day: range: 1...28 or 29 or 30 or 31.
Time :
hour: range :0 ... 23,
minute : range :0 ... 59
second : range : 0 ... 59
CT and VT ratio numerator and denominator (4 values)
the values must be in a programmable bracket
excess demand thresholds
PO weights ?

4.3.2. Description of available function with reset push button


The Alternate short display mode is only accessible when the reset button is unsealed. So, the
communication programming are only allowed in this display mode (see statechart below). This
display mode is exited either by an action on the display button or by a time out which is
programmable from 1 to 60 minutes.
Parameters programmed during the session before the time-out expiration are taken into account if
the session is normally closed.
The communication programming is also disabled in display Set mode in order to prevent concurrent
programming.
Programming inhibition thanks to the reset button
All programming actions through communication links (except date and time programming) can be
disabled when the reset push button is sealed. This provides a secured and controlled way for not
allowing non authorised people to perform sensitive programming operations on the meter.
This security is enabled or disabled in manufacturing according to the customers request and is
notified in the order.
Communication services affected by this option
When the option is enabled :
All reading commands are allowed in all display modes.
All programming commands are allowed only in the Alternate Short mode (excepted time & date
programming which is always allowed).
All programming command are available when the meter cover is opened.
All actions are allowed only in Alternate Short or if the cover is opened. The list of actions is :
o End of billing reset (EOB)
o Reset of non critical alarms
o Reset of meter device
o Reset of load profile data
o Enter in download mode
o Start and stop measurement

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5. Meter site installation


5.1. POWER UP
Once the meter has been installed the power up sequence can begin.

5.1.1. Preliminary verifications before the meter is powered up


Warning: the ACE 6000 measurement circuit wiring diagram is non-symmetrical VDE, symmetrical
version will come later.
It is important to verify that the measurement circuits are correctly wired to the meters terminal block.
NON-SYMETRICAL VDE

+I1

U1

-I1 +I2

U2

-I2

+I3

U3 -I3

11
UN

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5.1.2. Battery connection


The battery has an equivalent lifetime of three years accumulated power interruptions. The meters
could be delivered with a connected battery or a disconnected ones.
Battery access and location:
Open the transparent cover (Photo1).
Pull the button battery holder (Photo2)

Photo 2
The battery could be in the connected position lower position (Photo 3) or in the disconnected
position (upper position) (Photo 4)

Photo 3

Photo4

Then insert the battery at the lower position (connected position), the red circular line oriented
toward the meter bottom (no error is possible, due to the geometry of the plastic part)
Then push on the battery support down and when you hear a click the battery is connected.
The default battery (on the display) will disappeared after the meter configuration will be done, and the
meter will show the correct date and time after the clock setting
.

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5.1.3. Powering up the meter


When the meter is powered up the LCD displays the data sequentially (auto-scrolling mode) and the
display continues working as long as the meter is powered up.
The battery icon may remain visible even though the battery has been correctly connected, until
the meter is configured.
The metrological LEDs flash according to the power detected by the meter.
The phase voltage situation (icon L1, L2 and L3) may be visible.
The active and reactive energy direction icons are visible.
The STOP indicator may be visible at the bottom of the display depending on the meters previous
state.

5.1.4. Verification of consumption of the meter


The ACE 6000 has two calibrations LEDs for active and reactive energy, which emit pulses in the
visible (red) spectrum, which means that the appropriate type of calibration reading head must be
used.
To read the LED by an optical head, a special support available from the Actaris customer support
service could be used .
The LED pulse weight (expressed in pulse/kWh or pulse/kvarh secondary) is printed on the ACE 6000
nameplate.

Reactive LED

Active LED

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5.2. PARAMETER MODIFICATION ON LCD


Depending on the customer configuration, it is possible to modify some of the meter parameters by
using the two front panel pushbuttons. It is part of the display configuration.
It is useful to have the following parameters modifiable on the display
Date
Time
Voltage ratio(multiplier and divisor)
Current ratio (multiplier and divisor)
Output pulse weights
Subscribed powers
Non-fatal error removal
To modify the parameters on the LCD, the 2 push buttons are used so that means that the reset
button should be unsealed
To enter the Set Mode, press the Reset button shortly (enter in Alternate short mode) and then a
second time, but more than 2 seconds. Then the first parameters from that list is displayed
All parameters can be seen step by step by pressing Display button.
Display
button
Reset
button

When you are located on the parameter to be modified, the reset button is used to change the digit,
the display button increments the flashing digit. To validate the complete data, press for more than 2
sec the reset button, to cancel the choice, press for more than 2 sec the display button
The leftmost digit is flashing
The display button is pressed in order to increment the value

When the value is correct then press the reset button


The value is RECORDED
You pass automatically to the next DIGIT

Repeat the operation


for each parameter to
be modified

Continue this operation as long as the parameter hasnt been


completely modified

Press on the display button when the last digit has been recorded
The whole parameter FLASHES
Press the reset button again to record
Press the display button to advance to the NEXT parameter
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5.3. PUSHBUTTON SITE INSTALLATION PROCEDURE FLOWCHART


Verify the main terminal block
Voltage and Current wiring

Verify the auxiliary terminal


block /output wiring

Make sure that the electrical


input values are correct
compared to the meter
characteristics

Connect the battery if needed

Power up the meter

Adapt the different values to


your installation

Remove the non-fatal errors

Exit the programming mode

If the values are correct the


installation is finished, otherwise
repeat the relevant operation

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6. APPENDIXES
6.1. BATTERY REPLACEMENT
The battery has an equivalent lifetime of three years accumulated power interruptions and a natural
lifetime of 10 years. The non-fatal battery error is displayed when 80% of the equivalent lifetime has
been used or when the natural life time end date has been exceeded or when the terminal voltage falls
below 2V.
It is possible to change the battery without altering the meter data.
Once the battery has been changed then the battery natural lifetime end date must be reprogrammed
in the ACE 6000.
Mandatory three years

+ 10 years automatically done from PC date and time


Use AIMS PRO to establish a communication link with the ACE 6000 and open the programmed
meter configuration.
In this configuration click on UNSELECT ALL.
Go to the MONITORING object and select the Battery monitoring tab.
Record the new natural lifetime end dates (+10 years for a new battery) and verifies that in this
field the to be transferred box has been checked.
Record the configuration: only MONITORING should be checked.
Select COMMUNICATION/WRITE/CONFIGURATION
The new battery natural lifetime end date is operational from now on.

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6.2. ERROR MANAGEMENT


Errors are indicated on the meter in 4 ways.
an error triangle (on the display) appears for the pre selected faults that have occurred.
an alarm contact closes for the pre selected faults that have occurred.
a log book files the latest pre selected faults with their date stamp.
the two status words (fatal errors and non-fatal errors) record all the faults detected by the ACE
6000 meter (inside or outside the meter)
The error triangle, alarm contact and the log book pre selections are visible in the configuration
The status words are displayed in hexadecimal format on the meters LCD display (decoded with the
table shown on page XX) but its better to read them with the aid of AIMS PRO to simplify the
interpretation.
In order to read the status words a communication link is established with the ACE 6000 meter and
COMMUNICATION/READ/DATA is selected followed by METER STATE and/or LOGBOOK.
Once the data has been read it is filed in the PC.
In order to display them click on DATA/OPEN then select the meter number and date.
You can consequently examine the data on the screen (and transfer to EXCEL).

Certain non-fatal errors have to be reset before removal is possible.


This can be done pressing the RESET button on the front panel.

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6.3. METER HARDWARE RESET


This function allows an authorised user to reset the ACE6000 meter to the initial configuration and
factory parameter Default State.
A hard reset will be used mainly when the meter communication cant be done.
Note:
All the current and previous metering data are therefore lost following a hard reset.
Hard reset procedure:
1. Read metering data from the meter (if possible)
2. Power down the meter
3. Break the metrological seal
4. If the meter is MID compliant, move the Labswitch to ON position (after breaking
metrological seals).
5. Power up the meter while holding the reset push button and the display push button depressed for
5 seconds minimum and 10 seconds maximum
6. Release the 2 buttons
If the meter is MID compliant and if the Labswitch is OFF, the HW reset is not done.
7. Then the meter performs the hardware reset. A message (H RESET) is displayed during the reset
(about 10s). When the reset is completed, the meter displays DONE and restarts in the Non
operational mode. A power failure occurrence during the reset stops it. In this case, the whole
reset is restarted again at power up.
8. After that, do not forget to remove the Labswitch in OFF position.
After an hard reset:
The meter is in the following state:
All the user parameters go back to their default values (password, communication parameters)
The factory parameters are unchanged:
o
Factory calibration and user correction
o
Resource levels
o
Metrological parameters
o
Manufacturers code, serial number, coding
o
Clock correction tables and temperature compensation.

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6.4. Certification of DC meters : Connection / Disconnection of IP Link

Photo 1

Photo 2

Photo 3

Photo 4

Photo 5

The IP Link are protected by a sealable plastic part (Photo 1). Due to its design this plastic part could
be also used to open the IP link during a laboratory verification.
To disconnect the IP links, that plastic part should be removed (Photo 2) by pressing up the small clip,
then rotated so that the three pins could be inserted to the corresponding holes on the terminal block
(Photo 3) and finally pressed down and slide rights until hearing click (Photo 4) The plastic part
should stay in place all the verification long ( Photo 5)

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Photo 6

Photo 7

Photo 8
After the tests, to re-connect the IP link, the plastic part should be replace in its original position by
doing the reverse, ie pushing the plastic part and then making it slide left. The piece is free when a
click could be heard (Photo 6). To put back the piece insert it left (photo 7) and press it on the right
side of the part to click (Photo 8)
Dans tous les cas, le couvre bornes ne peut pas tre remis en place si les points communs sont
dconnects (la pice plastique dpasse et empche la fermeture du couvre bornes.Certification of
DC meters : Connection / Disconnection of IP Link

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6.5. Display List

current value available

historical data available

Setable

OBIS
Identification Code

Alternate Long

Alternate Short

Normal Sequence

Display

Readout

ID type

TIME OF USE
TOTAL METER OPERATING TIME

8 0

BATTERY USE TIME COUNTER

6 0

DATE

9 2

TIME

9 1

DATE OF LAST PROGRAMMING

C 6 2 9

CURRENT PERIODS (q = 1.. 10)


PREVIOUS POWER FACTOR

1 3

CURRENT DEMAND (CHANNEl 1 to 10)

4 0

PREVIOUS DEMAND (CHANNEl 1 to 10)

5 0

CURRENT DEMAND WITH ELAPSED TIME (CH1 to 10)

4 0

6 r

2 r

SETABLE EXCESS DEMAND RATE TRESHOLDS(1 to 10)

q 3 5 r

EXCESS DEMAND THRESHOLD REGISTER (1 to 24)

q 3 5 r

EXCESS DEMAND OCCURENCES REGISTER (1 to 24)

q 3 6 r

EXCESS DEMAND DURATION REGISTER (1 to 24)

q 3 7 r

EXCESS DEMAND MAGNITUDE REGISTER (1 to 24)

q 3 8 r

IMPORT ACTIVE ENERGY

8 0

EXPORT ACTIVE ENERGY

8 0

IMPORT REACTIVE ENERGY

8 0

EXPORT REACTIVE ENERGY

8 0

REACTIVE Q1 ENERGY

8 0

REACTIVE Q2 ENERGY

8 0

REACTIVE Q3 ENERGY

8 0

REACTIVE Q4 ENERGY

8 0

IMPORT APPARENT ENERGY

8 0

EXPORT APPARENT ENERGY

1 0

8 0

SUMMATION ENERGY 1

8 0

MAXIMUM DEMAND (q = quantity = 1 .. 24, r = rate number = 1 to 8)


MAX DEMAND REGISTER (1 to 24)
CUMULATIVE MAXIMUM DEMAND
CUMMULATIVE MAX DEMAND REGISTER (1 to 24)
EXCESS DEMANDS (q = quantity = 1 .. 24, r = rate number = 1 to 8)

TOTAL ENERGY AGREGATE

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historical data available

Setable

OBIS
Identification Code

Alternate Long

Alternate Short

Normal Sequence

Display

Readout

ID type

TOTAL ENERGY PER PHASE


IMPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH1

2 1

8 0

IMPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH2

4 1

8 0

IMPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH3

6 1

8 0

EXPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH1

2 2

8 0

EXPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH2

4 2

8 0

EXPORT ACTIVE ENERGY PH3

6 2

8 0

IMPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH1

2 3

8 0

IMPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH2

4 3

8 0

IMPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH3

6 3

8 0

EXPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH1

2 4

8 0

EXPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH2

4 4

8 0

EXPORT REACTIVE ENERGY PH3

6 4

8 0

REACTIVE Q1 ENERGY PH1

2 5

8 0

REACTIVE Q1 ENERGY PH2

4 5

8 0

REACTIVE Q1 ENERGY PH3

6 5

8 0

REACTIVE Q2 ENERGY PH1

2 6

8 0

REACTIVE Q2 ENERGY PH2

4 6

8 0

REACTIVE Q2 ENERGY PH3

6 6

8 0

REACTIVE Q3 ENERGY PH1

2 7

8 0

REACTIVE Q3 ENERGY PH2

4 7

8 0

REACTIVE Q3 ENERGY PH3

6 7

8 0

REACTIVE Q4 ENERGY PH1

2 8

8 0

REACTIVE Q4 ENERGY PH2

4 8

8 0

REACTIVE Q4 ENERGY PH3

6 8

8 0

IMPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH1

2 9

8 0

IMPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH2

4 9

8 0

IMPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH3

6 9

8 0

EXPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH1

3 0

8 0

EXPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH2

5 0

8 0

EXPORT APPARENT ENERGY PH3

7 0

8 0

ENERGY RATE (1 to 32)

y r

OPERATING TIME (1 to 32)

8 1

ENERGY REGISTERING (q = quantity = 1..32, y = time integral = 8 or 9, r = rate number = 1..8)

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ACE6000 METER

current value available

historical data available

Setable

OBIS
Identification Code

Alternate Long

Alternate Short

Normal Sequence

Display

Readout

ID type

EOB DATA
NUMBER OF EOB

1 0

EOB SOURCE

1 3

NUMBER OF DAY SINCE LAST EOB

1 4

EOB DATE TIME

1 2

MIN POWER FACTOR SINCE LAST EOB

1 3

AVG POWER FACTOR SINCE LAST EOB

1 3

MIN FREQUENCY SINCE LAST EOB

1 4

MAX FREQUENCY SINCE LAST EOB

1 4

IMPORT ACTIVE POWER

EXPORT ACTIVE POWER

IMPORT REACTIVE POWER

EXPORT REACTIVE POWER

IMPORT APPARENT POWER

EXPORT APPARENT POWER

1 0

REACTIVE POWER REACTIVE Q1

REACTIVE POWER REACTIVE Q2

REACTIVE POWER REACTIVE Q3

REACTIVE POWER REACTIVE Q4

IMPORT ACTIVE POWER P1

2 1

IMPORT ACTIVE POWER P2

4 1

IMPORT ACTIVE POWER P3

6 1

EXPORT ACTIVE POWER P1

2 2

EXPORT ACTIVE POWER P2

4 2

EXPORT ACTIVE POWER P3

6 2

IMPORT REACTIVE POWER P1

2 3

IMPORT REACTIVE POWER P2

4 3

IMPORT REACTIVE POWER P3

6 3

EXPORT REACTIVE POWER P1

2 4

EXPORT REACTIVE POWER P2

4 4

EXPORT REACTIVE POWER P3

6 4

IMPORT APPARENT POWER P1

2 9

IMPORT APPARENT POWER P2

4 9

IMPORT APPARENT POWER P3

6 9

EXPORT APPARENT POWER P1

3 0

EXPORT APPARENT POWER P2

5 0

EXPORT APPARENT POWER P3

7 0

POWER AGGREGATE

INSTANTANEOUS POWER PER PHASE

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Alternate Long

current value available

Alternate Short

historical data available

Normal Sequence

CURRENT FREQUENCY

ANGLE U1I1

ANGLE U2I2

ANGLE U3I3

ANGLE U1U2

ANGLE U1U3

ANGLE U2U3

ZERO SEQUENCE I

ZERO SEQUENCE U

POWER FACTOR P1

POWER FACTOR P2

POWER FACOR P3

POWER FACTOR

RMS CURRENT VALUE P1

RMS CURRENT VALUE P2

RMS CURRENT VALUE P3

RMS VOLTAGE VALUE P1

RMS VOLTAGE VALUE P2

RMS VOLTAGE VALUE P3

CONTROL OUTPUT STATE

OUTPUT PULSE WEIGHT NUMERATOR PARAMETERS

OUTPUT PULSE WEIGHT DENOMINATOR PARAMETERS

COVER OPENING STATE

POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE

NBR OF DAYS WITHOUT INTERNAL CONSUMPTION

LABORATORY ACCESS SWITCH STATE

LABORATORY SWITCH LOGICAL STATE

ERROR CODE FATAL ALARMS

ERROR CODE NON FATAL ALARMS

SERIAL NUMBER PARAMETERS


SECONDARY METROLOGY CT NUMERATOR PARAMETERS

Setable

Readout

OBIS
Identification Code

ACE6000 METER

MISCELLANEOUS INSTANTANEOUS VALUES

TEMPERATURE DEGREES

SECONDARY METROLOGY VT NUMERATOR PARAMETERS

SECONDARY METROLOGY CT DENOMINATOR PARAMETERS

SECONDARY METROLOGY VT DENOMINATOR PARAMETERS

WORKING MODE

IO

MISCELLANEOUS

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current value available

historical data available

Setable

OBIS
Identification Code

Alternate Long

Alternate Short

Normal Sequence

Display

Readout

ID type

MISCELLANEOUS
UTILITY 1 PARAMETERS

0 0

UTILITY 2 PARAMETERS

0 1

UTILITY 3 PARAMETERS

0 2

UTILITY 4 PARAMETERS

0 3

UTILITY 5 PARAMETERS

0 4

UTILITY 6 PARAMETERS

0 5

UTILITY 7 PARAMETERS

0 6

UTILITY 8 PARAMETERS

0 7

UTILITY 9 PARAMETERS

0 8

UTILITY 10 PARAMETERS

0 9

CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS

2 0

PROGRAMMING PARAMETERS

C 7 0 3

MANUFACTURER PARAMETERS

2 1

RESOURCE PARAMETERS

C 7 0 2

FIRMWARE IDENTIFICATION

2 5

INTERNAL FIRMWARE IDENTIFICATION

2 6

DEMAND RATE INTEGRATION PERIOD PARAMETERS

8 0

LOAD PROFILE INTERVAL RECORDING PARAMETERS

8 4

LOAD PROFILE 2 INTERVAL RECORDING PARAMETERS

8 5

NUMBER OF AVAILABLE HISTORICAL SET

1 1

TEST DISPLAY MODE

CURRENT OFFSET P1

C 5 0 1

CURRENT OFFSET P2

C 5 0 2

CURRENT OFFSET P3

C 5 0 3

VOLTAGE OFFSET P1

C 5 0 4

VOLTAGE OFFSET P2

C 5 0 5

VOLTAGE OFFSET P3

C 5 0 6

CALIBRATION VT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 1

C 5 0 8

CALIBRATION VT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 2

C 5 0 9

CALIBRATION VT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 3

C 5 1 0

CALIBRATION VT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 1

C 5 1 1

CALIBRATION VT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 2

C 5 1 2

CALIBRATION VT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 3

C 5 1 3

CALIBRATION CT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 1

C 5 1 4

CALIBRATION CT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 2

C 5 1 5

CALIBRATION CT RATIO CORRECTION FACTORS PHASE 3

C 5 1 6

CALIBRATION CT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 1

C 5 1 7

CALIBRATION CT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 2

C 5 1 8

METROLOGY QUALIMETRY

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CALIBRATION CT PHASE CORRECTION PHASE 3

C 5 1 9

BATTERY VOLTAGE

6 3

TEMPERATURE

C 6 0 4

C 6 0 7

INTERNAL (CHECKSUM

C 5 4 3

EXTERNAL (CHECKSUM

C 5 4 4

MISCELLANEOUS

RTC CORRECTION VALUE


DIAGNOSTIC & TAMPER

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6.6. MID Menu Display list


Data
ACTIVE TER IMPORT PHASE 1
ACTIVE TER IMPORT PHASE 2
ACTIVE TER IMPORT PHASE 3
ACTIVE TER IMPORT AGGREGATE
ACTIVE TER EXPORT PHASE 1
ACTIVE TER EXPORT PHASE 2
ACTIVE TER EXPORT PHASE 3
ACTIVE TER EXPORT AGGREGATE
MID COMPLIANCE PARAMETERS
SAP
INTERNAL FIRMWARE REVISION
EXTERNAL FIRMWARE REVISION
INTERNAL CHECKSUM
EXTERNAL CHECKSUM
CURRENT CONNECTION PARAMETERS
ENERGY ACTIVE CLASS

Code
IMP PH1
IMP PH2
IMP PH3
IMP AGG
EXP PH1
EXP PH2
EXP PH3
EXP AGG

CURRENT RATING IREF


CURRENT RATING IMAX
CONNECTION TYPE
PORT COMMUNICATION 1

I rEF
I MAX

VOLTAGE RANGE

VoltAGE

CONTROL OUTPUT NUMBER


NOMINAL FREQUENCY
VALUE OF CT NUMERATOR
VALUE OF CT DENOMINATOR
VALUE OF VT NUMERATOR
VALUE OF VT DENOMINATOR
DATE OF CT/VT PROGRAMMING
TIME OF CT/VT PROGRAMMING
..
OLDEST VALUE OF CT NUMERATOR
OLDEST VALUE OF CT DENOMINATOR
OLDEST VALUE OF VT NUMERATOR
OLDEST VALUE OF VT DENOMINATOR
OLDEST DATE OF CT/VT PROGRAMMING
OLDEST TIME OF CT/VT PROGRAMMING

CO Numb
FrE
CTn 1
CTd 1
VTn 1
VTd 1
DATE 1
TIME 1
.
CTn 10
CTd 10
VTn 10
VTd 10
DATE 10
TIME 10

MetEr
Int rEV
EXt rEV
Int chS
EXt chS
connEct

Port 1

Data
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
MId or not Mid
ACE661
1 30
01 50
FFFFFFFF
FFFFFFFF
dirEct or trAnSF
CLASS 02 or CLASS 05 or
CLASS 1 or CLASS A or
CLASS B or CLASS C
1.0
5.0
uSE or VdE
no or
rS 232 or
rS 485 or
tcP IP
57 7-100 or
127-220 or
230-400
0 or 4
50.00 or 60.00
00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
DD:MM:YY
HH:MM:SS

00000000
00000000
00000000
00000000
DD:MM:YY
HH:MM:SS

Unit
Wh or kWh or
MWh,
according active
TER group
configuration

A
A

Hz

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6.7. MID restricted parameters list


If the meter is MID compliant, all the following parameters are protected in order to prevent any
modification without breaking the metrological seals.
That means that if modification of those is requested, the seal should be broken, the internal
laboratory switch should be moved, and the meter powered up again. After modification, the laboratory
switch should be moved back, and the meter should be recertified by a legal body.

3W / 4W parameter
Apparent power calculation mode
( vectorial / arithmetic)
Aggregate Energy calculation mode
(Algo 1, 2, 3, 4)
Unit of total energy ( internal energy
storage)

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