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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 10.43b: A parallel-polarized wave in air with


E=8 ay6 az sin t4 y3 z V/ m impinges a dielectric half-space as shown
in Figure 10.21. Find:
b) The time-average power in air = 0 and =0 .
2
2
E 20
8 6 4 ay3 az

Pave=
a=

5
2 k 2120
Pave=106.1 ay79.58 az mW/ m 2

Problem 12.1: A A parallel=polarized wave in air with


A) Show that a rectangular waveguide does not support
TM10 and TM01
For TMmn modes, Hz=0 thus Esz=E0 sin

x
a
x
For TM10 , b=0 thus the sin
b
For TM 01 , a=0 thus the sin

x
x z
sin
e
a
b

term is undefined.
term is undefined.

Because of these undefined terms, TM01 and TM10 are not


supported by a rectangular waveguide
B) Explain the difference between TEmn and TMmn modes
In TM modes, the magnetic field has its components transverse
(or normal) to the direction of wave propagation. This implies
that we set H z=0.
In TE modes, the electric field is transverse (or normal) to the
diection of wave propagation. We set E z=0.

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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 12.2: A 2-cm by 3cm waveguide is filled with a dielectric material


with r=4 . If the guide operates at 20GHz with TM11 mode, find:
A) cutoff frequency
8
c
310
u '=
=
=1.5108
2
r r

u ' 1 1 1.5108 1 1
fc=
=
=4.507 GHz=fc
2 a 2 b2 2102 22 32
B) the phase constant

fc
fc

2 20109
4.507
= ' 1
=
1
=
1
8
f
u'
f
20
310
=816.2 rad/ m

C) the phase velocity


2 20109
u= =
=1.54108 m/ s=u
816.2

Problem 12.6: In an air-filled rectangular waveguide, the cutoff frequency of


a TE10 mode is 5GHz, whereas that of TE 01 is 12GHz. Calculate:

u m n

2 a2 b2
A) The dimensions of the guide
u ' m2
u'
3108
9
fc =
=510

a=
=
=3.00 cm=a
2 a2
2 fc 25109
Recall fc=

10

fc =
10

10

u' n
u'
3108
9
=1210

b=
=
=1.25 cm=b
2 b2
2 fc 212109
10

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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 12.6 Continued:


B) The cutoff frequencies of the next three higher TE modes
Mode

Cutoff Frequency

TE10

5 GHz

* TE 20

10 Ghz

TE30

15 GHz

TE40

20 GHz

* TE01

12 GHz

TE02

24 GHz

* TE11

13 GHz

TE 21

15.6 GHz

The three next higher modes are:

TE 20, TE 01 and TE 11 .

C) The cutoff frequency for TE11 mode if the guide is filled with a
lossless material having r=2.25 and r=1.
fc =
11

u m2 n2
3108
12
12

=8.67 GHz=fc
2 a2 b2 2102 2.25 32 1.252

11

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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 1: A plane wave is normally incident on a planar ineterface between


air and muscle. The conductivity and dielectric constants of muscle are
m=0.889 S/ m and r=71.7 . The intrinsic impedance of a conducting (or lossy)
medium such as muscle or fat is given by:

c=

[ ]

1 1
j tan
2

Determine the percentage of incident power absorbed by the muscle tissue at:
a) 100 Mhz
c=28.5 e j33.01 =23.9j 15.5
c0 23.9j 15.5377 353 e j177
=
=
=
=0.878 e j175
j2.22
c0 23.9j 15.5377 401 e
Pav t
2
2
=1 =10.878 =0.229=22.9 %
Pav i
b) 300 Mhz
c=40.0 e j18.4 =37.9j 12.6
c0 37.9j 12.6377 339 e j178
=
=
=
=0.817 e j176
j1.74
c0 37.9j 12.6377 415 e
Pav t
=12 =10.8172 =0.332=33.2 %
Pav i
c) 915 Mhz
c=44.1 e j6.9 =43.7j 5.29
c0 43.7j 5.29377 333 e j179
=
=
=
=0.792 e j178
c0 43.7j 5.29377 420 e j0.72
Pav t
=12 =10.7922 =0.373=37.3 %
Pav i
d) 2.45 Ghz.
c=44.6 e j2.62 =44.6j 2.04
c0 44.6j 2.04377 332 e j180
=
=
=
=0.789 e j180
j0.28
c0 44.6j 2.04377 421 e
Pav t
=12 =10.7892 =0.378=37.8 %
Pav i
o

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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 1 Continued
Repeat (a) -- (d) if muscle is replaced by Fat f=0.155 S/ m and r=71.7
a) 100 Mhz
j10.6
f=43.1 e =42.4j 8.01
c0 42.4j 8.01377 335 e j179
=
=
=
=0.798 e j178
j1.09
c0 42.4j 8.01377 419 e
Pav t
=12 =10.7982 =0.363=36.6 %
Pav i
b) 300 Mhz
f=44.5 e j3.72 =44.4j 2.89
c0 44.4j 2.89377 333 e j179.5
=
=
=
=0.789 e j179
j0.39
c0 44.4j 2.89377 421 e
Pav t
=12 =10.7892 =0.377=37.7 %
Pav i
c) 915 Mhz
f=44.7 e j1.23 =44.7j 0.96
c0 44.7j 0.96377 332 e j180
=
=
=
=0.788 e j180
c0 44.7j 0.96377 422 e j0.13
Pav t
=12 =10.7882 =0.379=37.9 %
Pav i
d) 2.45 Ghz.
f=44.7 e j0.46 =44.7j 0.36
c0 44.7j 0.36377 332 e j180
=
=
=
=0.788 e j180
j0.05
c0 44.7j 0.26377 422 e
Pav t
2
2
=1 =10.788 =0.379=37.9 %
Pav i
o

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EE351 Fall 2004

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 2: The electric field associated with a uniform plane wave


8
propagating in air is given by: Ei=1000 cos 10 t0 z ax V/ m The wave is
normally incident on a dielectric medium d=0, and d=5 0, d=0

Determine the following:


(a) 0 in air and d in dielectric material.
108
0= =
= =1.047 rad/ m= 0
c 3108 3

108 1
d = r r =
=2.342 rad/ m= d
c
3108 5

(b) Reflection and transmission coefficients

1
2=0 r =0
, =
5 1 0
r

1
1
21
5
=
=
=0.382=
21
1
1
5
=1=10.382=0.618=
(c) Amplitudes of the reflected and transmitted E and H fields.

Eot=E0=0.6181000=618=Eot,Hot=

E ot
=
2

618

=3.67=H ot
1
120
5
Eor 318
=1.01=Hor
Eor=E0=0.3821000=382=Eor,Hor= =
1 120

(d) Reflected and transmitted power


E2
6182
Pave = ot =
=1.13 kW/ m 2=P ave
22
1
240
5
2
2
E
318
P ave = or =
=194 W/ m 2=P ave
2 1 240

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