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You are on page 1of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

E=8 ay6 az sin t4 y3 z V/ m impinges a dielectric half-space as shown

in Figure 10.21. Find:

b) The time-average power in air = 0 and =0 .

2

2

E 20

8 6 4 ay3 az

Pave=

a=

5

2 k 2120

Pave=106.1 ay79.58 az mW/ m 2

A) Show that a rectangular waveguide does not support

TM10 and TM01

For TMmn modes, Hz=0 thus Esz=E0 sin

x

a

x

For TM10 , b=0 thus the sin

b

For TM 01 , a=0 thus the sin

x

x z

sin

e

a

b

term is undefined.

term is undefined.

supported by a rectangular waveguide

B) Explain the difference between TEmn and TMmn modes

In TM modes, the magnetic field has its components transverse

(or normal) to the direction of wave propagation. This implies

that we set H z=0.

In TE modes, the electric field is transverse (or normal) to the

diection of wave propagation. We set E z=0.

Page 1 of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

with r=4 . If the guide operates at 20GHz with TM11 mode, find:

A) cutoff frequency

8

c

310

u '=

=

=1.5108

2

r r

u ' 1 1 1.5108 1 1

fc=

=

=4.507 GHz=fc

2 a 2 b2 2102 22 32

B) the phase constant

fc

fc

2 20109

4.507

= ' 1

=

1

=

1

8

f

u'

f

20

310

=816.2 rad/ m

2 20109

u= =

=1.54108 m/ s=u

816.2

a TE10 mode is 5GHz, whereas that of TE 01 is 12GHz. Calculate:

u m n

2 a2 b2

A) The dimensions of the guide

u ' m2

u'

3108

9

fc =

=510

a=

=

=3.00 cm=a

2 a2

2 fc 25109

Recall fc=

10

fc =

10

10

u' n

u'

3108

9

=1210

b=

=

=1.25 cm=b

2 b2

2 fc 212109

10

Page 2 of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

B) The cutoff frequencies of the next three higher TE modes

Mode

Cutoff Frequency

TE10

5 GHz

* TE 20

10 Ghz

TE30

15 GHz

TE40

20 GHz

* TE01

12 GHz

TE02

24 GHz

* TE11

13 GHz

TE 21

15.6 GHz

TE 20, TE 01 and TE 11 .

C) The cutoff frequency for TE11 mode if the guide is filled with a

lossless material having r=2.25 and r=1.

fc =

11

u m2 n2

3108

12

12

=8.67 GHz=fc

2 a2 b2 2102 2.25 32 1.252

11

Page 3 of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

air and muscle. The conductivity and dielectric constants of muscle are

m=0.889 S/ m and r=71.7 . The intrinsic impedance of a conducting (or lossy)

medium such as muscle or fat is given by:

c=

[ ]

1 1

j tan

2

Determine the percentage of incident power absorbed by the muscle tissue at:

a) 100 Mhz

c=28.5 e j33.01 =23.9j 15.5

c0 23.9j 15.5377 353 e j177

=

=

=

=0.878 e j175

j2.22

c0 23.9j 15.5377 401 e

Pav t

2

2

=1 =10.878 =0.229=22.9 %

Pav i

b) 300 Mhz

c=40.0 e j18.4 =37.9j 12.6

c0 37.9j 12.6377 339 e j178

=

=

=

=0.817 e j176

j1.74

c0 37.9j 12.6377 415 e

Pav t

=12 =10.8172 =0.332=33.2 %

Pav i

c) 915 Mhz

c=44.1 e j6.9 =43.7j 5.29

c0 43.7j 5.29377 333 e j179

=

=

=

=0.792 e j178

c0 43.7j 5.29377 420 e j0.72

Pav t

=12 =10.7922 =0.373=37.3 %

Pav i

d) 2.45 Ghz.

c=44.6 e j2.62 =44.6j 2.04

c0 44.6j 2.04377 332 e j180

=

=

=

=0.789 e j180

j0.28

c0 44.6j 2.04377 421 e

Pav t

=12 =10.7892 =0.378=37.8 %

Pav i

o

Page 4 of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

Problem 1 Continued

Repeat (a) -- (d) if muscle is replaced by Fat f=0.155 S/ m and r=71.7

a) 100 Mhz

j10.6

f=43.1 e =42.4j 8.01

c0 42.4j 8.01377 335 e j179

=

=

=

=0.798 e j178

j1.09

c0 42.4j 8.01377 419 e

Pav t

=12 =10.7982 =0.363=36.6 %

Pav i

b) 300 Mhz

f=44.5 e j3.72 =44.4j 2.89

c0 44.4j 2.89377 333 e j179.5

=

=

=

=0.789 e j179

j0.39

c0 44.4j 2.89377 421 e

Pav t

=12 =10.7892 =0.377=37.7 %

Pav i

c) 915 Mhz

f=44.7 e j1.23 =44.7j 0.96

c0 44.7j 0.96377 332 e j180

=

=

=

=0.788 e j180

c0 44.7j 0.96377 422 e j0.13

Pav t

=12 =10.7882 =0.379=37.9 %

Pav i

d) 2.45 Ghz.

f=44.7 e j0.46 =44.7j 0.36

c0 44.7j 0.36377 332 e j180

=

=

=

=0.788 e j180

j0.05

c0 44.7j 0.26377 422 e

Pav t

2

2

=1 =10.788 =0.379=37.9 %

Pav i

o

Page 5 of 6

23 Sep 2004

HW #4 Solutions

8

propagating in air is given by: Ei=1000 cos 10 t0 z ax V/ m The wave is

normally incident on a dielectric medium d=0, and d=5 0, d=0

(a) 0 in air and d in dielectric material.

108

0= =

= =1.047 rad/ m= 0

c 3108 3

108 1

d = r r =

=2.342 rad/ m= d

c

3108 5

1

2=0 r =0

, =

5 1 0

r

1

1

21

5

=

=

=0.382=

21

1

1

5

=1=10.382=0.618=

(c) Amplitudes of the reflected and transmitted E and H fields.

Eot=E0=0.6181000=618=Eot,Hot=

E ot

=

2

618

=3.67=H ot

1

120

5

Eor 318

=1.01=Hor

Eor=E0=0.3821000=382=Eor,Hor= =

1 120

E2

6182

Pave = ot =

=1.13 kW/ m 2=P ave

22

1

240

5

2

2

E

318

P ave = or =

=194 W/ m 2=P ave

2 1 240

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