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8L

End of Unit Test

Name

Class

1 Simon is listening to music. The sound he hears is produced by the loudspeaker in


his radio.
a What is the loudspeaker doing to produce the sound?
[1 mark]
b Describe how the sound gets from the radio to Simon.

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[2 marks]
c Which part of Simons ear detects the sound?
[1 mark]
2 Sound, light and ripples on water travel at different speeds.
Put these in order, starting with the slowest
Slowest
Fastest

[1 mark]

3 Sally is playing her violin.


a What part of the violin is vibrating
to make the sound?

[1 mark]
b How can the window be improved
to stop the sound from annoying
her neighbours?
[1 mark]
c Explain how the improved window would help to reduce the sound.

[2 marks]
4 You can often hear an echo in a large building or a cave.
Explain how an echo is formed.
[1 mark]

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8L

End of Unit Test (continued)

5 a What is a vacuum?
[1 mark]
b Why does sound not travel through a vacuum?
[1 mark]
6 The diagram below shows part of an ear.

eardrum

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outer ear

middle ear

a If a sound becomes louder what effect does this have on the eardrum?

[1 mark]
b If the pitch of the sound is increased what effect does this have on the eardrum?

[1 mark]
c Explain how someones ear can be damaged by loud sounds.

[1 mark]
d The sound of an alarm bell is within the audible range of most people.
Which is most likely to be the frequency made by the bell? Tick one box.
3 Hz

300 Hz

30 000 Hz

3 000 000 Hz
[1 mark]
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End of Unit Test (continued)

7 Put the following sounds into the correct order starting with the quietest.

Leaves rustling.

Motor cycle.

Pop group.

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Thunderclap.

Radio at normal volume.

quietest

loudest
[1 mark]
8 The speed of sound varies depending on the material it is
travelling through.
a The particle model of matter helps to explain how sound travels.
Use this to explain why sound travels more slowly through air
than water.

[2 marks]
b Through which material will sound travel the fastest? Aluminium,
bubble wrap, glass or water?

[1 marks]
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End of Unit Test (continued)

9 Bees make a buzzing sound by beating their wings very quickly.

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An oscilloscope recorded the buzzing of four different bees. The controls of the
oscilloscope were kept the same throughout.
Four traces are shown below, one for each bee.
A

a Which trace shows the buzz with the highest pitch, A, B, C, or D?


[1 mark]
b Explain your answer.
[1 mark]
c Which trace shows the buzz with the loudest sound, A, B, C, or D?
[1 mark]
d This trace was made by a bee beating its wings
10 times a second.
On this diagram, draw the trace of another bee
which is beating its wings at twice the frequency,
but more quietly.
[2 marks]

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