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January 17

1811 Mexican War of Independence: In the Battle


of Caldern Bridge, a heavily outnumbered Spanish
force of 6,000 troops defeats nearly 100,000 Mexican revolutionaries.

January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian


calendar. There are 348 days remaining until the end of
the year (349 in leap years). This date is slightly more
likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400
years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly
less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

1852 The United Kingdom signs the Sand River


Convention with the South African Republic.
1873 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the
United States Army in the First Battle of the
Stronghold, part of the Modoc War.

Events
38 BC Octavian divorces his wife Scribonia and
marries Livia Drusilla, ending the fragile peace between the Second Triumvirate and Sextus Pompey.

1885 A British force defeats a large Dervish army


at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan.

395 Upon the death of Emperor Theodosius I,


the Roman Empire is permanently divided into the
Eastern Roman Empire under Arcadius, and the
Western Roman Empire under Honorius.

1893 Lorrin A. Thurston, along with the Citizens


Committee of Public Safety, led the Overthrow
of the Kingdom of Hawaii and the government of
Queen Liliuokalani.

1287 King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca.

1899 The United States takes possession of Wake


Island in the Pacic Ocean.

1377 Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to


Rome from Avignon.

1903 El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico


becomes part of the United States National Forest
System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve.

1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano sets sail westward


from Madeira to nd a sea route to the Pacic
Ocean.

1904 Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the Moscow Art
Theatre.

1562 France recognizes the Huguenots by the


Edict of Saint-Germain.

1912 Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the


South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen.

1595 During the French Wars of Religion, Henry


IV of France declares war on Spain.

1915 Russia defeats Ottoman Turkey in the Battle


of Sarikamish during the Caucasus Campaign of
World War I.

1608 Emperor Susenyos I of Ethiopia surprises


an Oromo army at Ebenat; his army reportedly kills
12,000 Oromo at the cost of 400 of his men.

1917 The United States pays Denmark $25 million


for the Virgin Islands.

1648 Englands Long Parliament passes the "Vote


of No Addresses", breaking o negotiations with
King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the
second phase of the English Civil War.

1918 Finnish Civil War: The rst serious battles


take place between the Red Guards and the White
Guard.

1773 Captain James Cook commands the rst expedition to sail south of the Antarctic Circle.

1929 Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character


created by E. C. Segar, rst appears in the Thimble
Theatre comic strip.

1781 American Revolutionary War: Battle of


Cowpens: Continental troops under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan defeat British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the battle in
South Carolina.

1941 Franco-Thai War: French forces inict a decisive defeat over the Royal Thai Navy.
1943 World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis captures the 200-ton sailing vessel Agios Stefanos
and mans her with part of her crew.

1799 Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with


a number of other patriots, is executed.
1

2 BIRTHS
1944 World War II: Allied forces launch the rst of
four assaults on Monte Cassino with the intention of
breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome,
an eort that would ultimately take four months and
cost 105,000 Allied casualties.
1945 World War II: The VistulaOder Oensive
forces German troops out of Warsaw.
1945 The SS-Totenkopfverbnde begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet
forces close in.
1945 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg is taken
into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he is never
publicly seen again.
1946 The UN Security Council holds its rst session.
1948 The Renville Agreement between the
Netherlands and Indonesia is ratied.
1948 United Nations Security Council Resolution
38 relating to Indian-Pakistan Question is adopted.
1950 The Great Brinks Robbery: Eleven thieves
steal more than $2 million from an armored car
companys oces in Boston.
1950 United Nations Security Council Resolution
79 relating to arms control is adopted.
1961 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation
three days before leaving oce, in which he warns
against the accumulation of power by the "military
industrial complex" as well as the dangers of massive
spending, especially decit spending.
1961 Former Congolese Prime Minister Patrice
Lumumba is murdered in circumstances suggesting
the support and complicity of the governments of
Belgium and the United States.

1992 During a visit to South Korea, Japanese


Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologizes for
forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during
World War II.
1994 The 6.56.7 Mw Northridge earthquake
shakes the Greater Los Angeles Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving 57
people dead and more than 8,700 injured.
1995 The 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake
shakes the southern Hygo Prefecture with a maximum Shindo of VII, leaving 5,5026,434 people
dead, and 251,301310,000 displaced.
1996 The Czech Republic applies for membership
of the European Union.
1997 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station: A Delta
II carrying a GPS2R satellite explodes 13 seconds
after launch, dropping 250 tons of burning rocket
remains around the launch pad.
1998 Lewinsky scandal: Matt Drudge breaks the
story of the Bill ClintonMonica Lewinsky aair on
his Drudge Report website.
2002 Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic
Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated
400,000 people.
2007 The Doomsday Clock is set to ve minutes to
midnight in response to North Korea's nuclear testing.
2010 Rioting begins between Muslim and Christian groups in Jos, Nigeria, results in at least 200
deaths.

2 Births
1463 Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (d. 1525)

1966 Palomares incident: A B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, killing
seven airmen, and dropping three 70-kiloton nuclear
bombs near the town of Palomares and another one
into the sea.

1472 Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Italian captain


(d. 1508)

1969 Black Panther Party members Bunchy


Carter and John Huggins are killed during a meeting
in Campbell Hall on the campus of UCLA.

1501 Leonhart Fuchs, German physician and


botanist (d. 1566)

1981 President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos lifts martial law eight years and ve months after
declaring it.

1560 Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist, physician,


and academic (d. 1624)

1991 Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins


early in the morning. Iraq res eight Scud missiles
into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli
retaliation.

1484 George Spalatin, German priest and reformer (d. 1545)

1504 Pope Pius V (d. 1572)

1574 Robert Fludd, English physician, astrologer,


and mathematician (d. 1637)
1600 Pedro Caldern de la Barca, Spanish playwright and poet (d. 1681)

3
1612 Thomas Fairfax, English general and politician (d. 1671)

1851 A. B. Frost, American author and illustrator


(d. 1928)

1640 Jonathan Singletary Dunham, American settler (d. 1724)

1853 T. Alexander Harrison, American painter


and academic (d. 1930)

1659 Antonio Veracini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1745)

1857 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian pianist, composer,


and conductor (d. 1941)

1666 Antonio Maria Valsalva, Italian anatomist


and physician (d. 1723)

1857 Eugene Augustin Lauste, French-American


engineer (d. 1935)

1686 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian and author (d. 1766)

1858 Toms Carrasquilla, Colombian author (d.


1940)

1706 Benjamin Franklin, American publisher, inventor, and politician, 6th President of Pennsylvania
(d. 1790)

1860 Douglas Hyde, Irish academic and politician,


1st President of Ireland (d. 1949)

1712 John Stanley, English organist and composer


(d. 1786)

1863 David Lloyd George, English lawyer and


politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(d. 1945)

1719 William Vernon, American businessman (d.


1806)

1863 Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian actor and


director (d. 1938)

1728 Johann Gottfried Mthel, German pianist


and composer (d. 1788)

1865 Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General
of New Zealand (d. 1951)

1732 Stanisaw August Poniatowski, PolishLithuanian king (d. 1798)


1734 Franois-Joseph Gossec, French composer
and conductor (d. 1829)
1761 Sir James Hall, 4th Baronet, Scottish geologist and geophysicist (d. 1832)
1789 August Neander, German historian and theologian (d. 1850)
1793 Antonio Jos Martnez, Spanish-American
priest, rancher and politician (d. 1867)
1814 Ellen Wood, English author (d. 1887)
1820 Anne Bront, English author and poet (d.
1849)
1828 Lewis A. Grant, American lawyer and general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1918)
1828 Ede Remnyi, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1898)
1832 Henry Martyn Baird, American historian
and academic (d. 1906)
1834 August Weismann, German biologist, zoologist, and geneticist (d. 1914)
1850 Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, Brazilian cardinal (d. 1930)
1850 Alexander Taneyev, Russian pianist and
composer (d. 1918)

1867 Carl Laemmle, German-born American lm


producer, co-founded Universal Studios (d. 1939)
1867 Sir Alfred Rawlinson, 3rd Baronet, English
colonel, pilot, and polo player (d. 1934)
1871 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty English admiral (d. 1936)
1871 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian historian and
politician, 34th Prime Minister of Romania (d.
1940)
1875 Florencio Snchez, Uruguayan journalist and
playwright (d. 1910)
1876 Frank Hague, American lawyer and politician, 30th Mayor of Jersey City (d. 1956)
1877 May Gibbs, English-Australian author and
illustrator (d. 1969)
1880 Mack Sennett, Canadian-American actor,
director, and producer (d. 1960)
1881 Antoni omnicki, Polish mathematician and
academic (d. 1941)
1881 Harry Price, English psychologist and author
(d. 1948)
1882 Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (d. 1946)
1883 Compton Mackenzie, English-Scottish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1972)

2 BIRTHS
1886 Glenn L. Martin, American pilot and businessman, founded the Glenn L. Martin Company (d.
1955)
1887 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and
philologist (d. 1975)
1888 Babu Gulabrai, Indian philosopher and author (d. 1963)

1914 Paul Royle, Australian lieutenant and pilot


(d. 2015)
1914 William Staord, American poet and author
(d. 1993)
1916 Peter Frelinghuysen, Jr., American lieutenant and politician (d. 2011)

1895 John Du, Chinese-Canadian race car driver


(d. 1958)

1917 M. G. Ramachandran, Indian actor, director,


and politician, 5th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (d.
1987)

1897 Marcel Petiot, French physician and serial


killer (d. 1946)

1918 Keith Joseph, English lawyer and politician,


Secretary of State for Education (d. 1994)

1899 Al Capone, American mob boss (d. 1947)

1918 George M. Leader, American soldier and


politician, 36th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 2013)

1899 Robert Maynard Hutchins, American


philosopher and academic (d. 1977)
1899 Nevil Shute, English engineer and author (d.
1960)
1901 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-American
philosopher and author (d. 1973)
1904 Hem Vejakorn, Thai painter and illustrator
(d. 1969)
1905 Ray Cunningham, American baseball player
(d. 2005)
1905 Peggy Gilbert, American saxophonist and
bandleader (d. 2007)
1905 Eduard Oja, Estonian composer, conductor,
educator, and critic (d. 1950)

1920 Georges Pichard, French author and illustrator (d. 2003)


1921 Lorna Cooke deVaron, American conductor
and educator
1921 Herbert Ellis, American actor
1921 Asghar Khan, Pakistani general and politician
1921 Antonio Prohas, Cuban cartoonist (d. 1998)
1922 Luis Echeverra, Mexican academic and
politician, 50th President of Mexico
1922 Nicholas Katzenbach, American soldier,
lawyer, and politician, 65th United States Attorney
General (d. 2012)

1905 Guillermo Stbile, Argentinian footballer


and manager (d. 1966)

1922 Betty White, American actress, game show


panelist, television personality, and animal rights activist

1905 Jan Zahradnek, Czech poet and translator


(d. 1960)

1923 Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright (d. 1962)

1907 Henk Badings, Indonesian-Dutch composer


and engineer (d. 1987)

1924 Rik De Saedeleer, Belgian footballer and


journalist (d. 2013)

1908 Cus D'Amato, American boxing manager


and trainer (d. 1985)

1925 Robert Cormier, American author and journalist (d. 2000)

1911 Busher Jackson, Canadian ice hockey player


(d. 1966)

1925 Abdul Hafeez Kardar, Pakistani cricketer


and author (d. 1996)

1911 John S. McCain Jr., American admiral (d.


1981)

1926 Newton N. Minow, American lawyer and


politician

1911 George Stigler, American economist and


academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)

1926 Moira Shearer, Scottish-English ballerina


and actress (d. 2006)

1914 Anacleto Angelini, Italian-Chilean businessman (d. 2007)

1926 Clyde Walcott, Barbadian cricketer (d.


2006)

1914 Irving Brecher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1927 Thomas Anthony Dooley III, American


physician and humanitarian (d. 1961)

5
1927 Eartha Kitt, American actress and singer (d.
2008)

1939 Christodoulos of Athens, Greek archbishop


(d. 2008)

1927 Harlan Mathews, American lawyer and


politician (d. 2014)

1939 Maury Povich, American talk show host and


producer

1927 E. W. Swackhamer, American director and


producer (d. 1994)

1940 Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, EgyptianArmenian patriarch (d. 2015)

1928 Jean Barraqu, French composer (d. 1973)

1940 Tabar Vzquez, Uruguayan physician and


politician, 39th President of Uruguay

1928 Vidal Sassoon, English-American hairdresser and businessman (d. 2012)


1929 Jacques Plante, Canadian-Swiss ice hockey
player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 1986)
1929 Tan Boon Teik, Malaysian-Singaporean
lawyer and politician, Attorney-General of Singapore (d. 2012)

1941 Istvn Horthy, Jr., Hungarian physicist and


architect
1941 Gillian Weir, New Zealand-English organist
and educator
1942 Muhammad Ali, American boxer and activist (d. 2016)

1931 James Earl Jones, American actor

1942 Ita Buttrose, Australian journalist and author

1931 Douglas Wilder, American sergeant and


politician, 66th Governor of Virginia

1942 Ulf Hoelscher, German violinist and educator

1931 Don Zimmer, American baseball player,


coach, and manager (d. 2014)

1942 Nigel McCulloch, English bishop

1932 Sheree North, American actress and dancer


(d. 2005)
1933 Dalida, Egyptian-French singer and actress
(d. 1987)
1933 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, FrenchPakistani diplomat, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (d. 2003)
1933 Shari Lewis, American actress, puppeteer/ventriloquist, and television host (d. 1998)
1934 Donald Cammell, Scottish-American director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1935 Ruth Ann Minner, American businesswoman and politician, 72nd Governor of Delaware
1936 John Boyd, English academic and diplomat,
British ambassador to Japan
1936 A. Thangathurai, Sri Lankan lawyer and
politician (d. 1997)
1937 Alain Badiou, French philosopher and academic
1938 John Bellairs, American author and academic (d. 1991)

1943 Chris Montez, American singer-songwriter


and guitarist
1943 Ren Prval, Haitian agronomist and politician, 52nd President of Haiti
1944 Ann Oakley, English sociologist, author, and
academic
1945 Javed Akhtar, Indian poet, playwright, and
composer
1945 Anne Cutler, Australian psychologist and
academic
1948 Dav Oddsson, Icelandic politician, 21st
Prime Minister of Iceland
1949 Anita Borg, American computer scientist
and academic (d. 2003)
1949 Gyude Bryant, Liberian businessman and
politician (d. 2014)
1949 Augustin Dumay, French violinist and conductor
1949 Andy Kaufman, American actor and comedian (d. 1984)
1949 Dick Nanninga, Dutch footballer (d. 2015)

1938 Toini Gustafsson, Swedish cross country


skier

1949 Mick Taylor, English singer-songwriter and


guitarist

1938 Percy Qoboza, South African journalist and


author (d. 1988)

1950 Luis Lpez Nieves, Puerto Rican-American


author and academic

2 BIRTHS
1950 Lee Young-ha South Korean actor

1964 Michelle Fairley, Northern Irish actress

1952 Darrell Porter, American baseball player and


sportscaster (d. 2002)

1964 Michelle Obama, American lawyer and activist, 46th First Lady of the United States (2008-16)

1952 Ryuichi Sakamoto, Japanese pianist, composer, and producer

1964 Andy Rourke, English bass player and musician

1953 Je Berlin, American bass player and educator

1964 John Schuster, Samoan-New Zealand rugby


player

1953 Carlos Johnson, American singer and guitarist

1965 Sylvain Turgeon, Canadian ice hockey player

1954 Cheryl Bentyne, American jazz singer


1954 Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., American lawyer,
radio host, and environmentalist
1955 Steve Earle, American singer-songwriter,
musician, record producer, author and actor

1966 Trish Johnson, English golfer


1966 Joshua Malina, American actor
1967 Richard Hawley, English singer-songwriter,
guitarist, and producer
1967 Song Kang-ho, South Korean actor

1955 Pietro Parolin, Italian cardinal

1968 Rowan Pelling, English journalist and author

1955 Steve Javie, American basketball player and


referee

1968 Ilja Leonard Pfeijer, Dutch author, poet,


and scholar

1956 Damian Green, English journalist and politician, Minister of State for Immigration

1969 Naveen Andrews, English actor

1956 Paul Young, English singer-songwriter and


guitarist
1957 Steve Harvey, American comedian, actor,
and game show host
1957 Ann Nocenti, American journalist and author
1957 Michel Vaarten, Belgian cyclist
1958 Tony Kouzarides, English biologist, cancer
researcher

1969 Lukas Moodysson, Swedish director, screenwriter, and author


1970 Cssio Alves de Barros, Brazilian footballer
1970 Jeremy Roenick, American ice hockey
player and actor
1970 Genndy Tartakovsky, Russian-American animator, director, and producer
1971 Giorgos Balogiannis, Greek basketball
player

1959 Susanna Hos, American singer-songwriter,


guitarist, and actress

1971 Richard Burns, English race car driver (d.


2005)

1960 John Crawford, American singer-songwriter


and guitarist

1971 Lil Jon, American rapper, producer, and actor

1960 Chili Davis, Jamaican-American baseball


player and coach

1971 Kid Rock, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1961 Brian Helgeland, American director, producer, and screenwriter

1971 Sylvie Testud, French actress, director, and


screenwriter

1962 Jun Azumi, Japanese broadcaster and politician, 46th Japanese Minister of Finance

1973 Cuauhtmoc Blanco, Mexican footballer and


actor

1962 Jim Carrey, Canadian-American actor and


producer

1973 Chris Bowen, Australian politician, 37th


Treasurer of Australia

1962 Sebastian Junger, American journalist and


author

1973 Liz Ellis, Australian netball player and


sportscaster

1963 Kai Hansen, German singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

1973 Aaron Ward, Canadian ice hockey player and


sportscaster

7
1974 Yang Chen, Chinese footballer and manager

3 Deaths

1974 Vesko Kountchev, Bulgarian viola player,


composer, and producer

395 Theodosius I, Roman emperor (b. 347)

1974 Derrick Mason, American football player

1156 Andr de Montbard, fth Grand Master of


the Knights Templar

1975 Freddy Rodriguez, American actor


1978 Ricky Wilson, English singer-songwriter
1980 Maksim Chmerkovskiy,
American dancer and choreographer

Ukrainian-

1980 Zooey Deschanel, American singersongwriter and actress

1168 Thierry, Count of Flanders (b. 1099)


1229 Albert of Riga, German bishop (b. 1165)
1334 John of Brittany, Earl of Richmond (b.
1266)
1345 Henry of Asti, Greek patriarch

1980 Modestas Stonys, Lithuanian footballer

1345 Martino Zaccaria, Aegean ruler

1981 Warren Feeney, Northern Irish footballer


and manager

1369 Peter I of Cyprus (b. 1328)

1982 Dwyane Wade, American basketball player

1468 Skanderbeg, Albanian soldier and politician


(b. 1405)

1982 Amanda Wilkinson, Canadian singer

1598 Feodor I of Russia (b. 1557)

1983 lvaro Arbeloa, Spanish footballer

1617 Fausto Veranzio, Croatian bishop and lexicographer (b. 1551)

1983 Johannes Herber, German basketball player


1983 Rick Kelly, Australian race car driver
1983 Marcelo Garcia, Brazilian martial artist
1984 Calvin Harris, Scottish singer-songwriter,
DJ, and producer
1985 Pablo Barrientos, Argentinian footballer
1985 Betsy Ruth, American wrestler and manager
1985 Simone Simons, Dutch singer-songwriter
1985 Kangin, South Korean singer
1987 Cody Decker, American major league baseball player
1987 Oleksandr Usyk, Ukrainian boxer
1988 Andrea Antonelli, Italian motorcycle racer
(d. 2013)

1705 John Ray, English botanist and historian (b.


1627)
1718 Benjamin Church, American colonel (b.
1639)
1737 Matthus Daniel Pppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)
1738 Jean-Franois Dandrieu, French organist and
composer (b. 1682)
1751 Tomaso Albinoni, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1671)
1826 Juan Crisstomo Arriaga, Spanish-French
composer (b. 1806)
1834 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1762)

1988 Will Genia, Australian rugby player

1861 Lola Montez, Irish actress and dancer (b.


1821)

1988 Hctor Moreno, Mexican footballer

1863 Horace Vernet, French painter (b. 1789)

1989 Hollie-Jay Bowes, English singer-songwriter


and actress

1869 Alexander Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer (b. 1813)

1989 Bjrn Dreyer, German footballer

1874 Chang and Eng Bunker, Thai conjoined


twins (b. 1811)

1989 Taylor Jordan, American baseball player


1990 Santiago Trllez, Colombian footballer
1991 Trevor Bauer, American baseball player
1991 Slade Grin, Australian rugby league player

1878 Edward Shepherd Creasy, English historian


and jurist (b. 1812)
1884 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist
and herpetologist (b. 1804)

DEATHS

1887 William Giblin, Australian lawyer and politician, 13th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1840)

1972 Betty Smith, American author and playwright (b. 1896)

1888 Big Bear, Canadian tribal chief (b. 1825)

1977 Dougal Haston, Scottish mountaineer (b.


1940)

1891 George Bancroft, American historian and


politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy
(b. 1800)
1893 Rutherford B. Hayes, American general,
lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United
States (b. 1822)
1903 Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect
and philanthropist (b. 1828)
1908 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b.
1835)
1909 Francis Smith, Australian lawyer, judge, and
politician, 4th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1819)
1911 Francis Galton, English polymath, anthropologist, and geographer (b. 1822)
1927 Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of
the Girl Scouts of the USA (b. 1860)
1931 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (b.
1864)
1932 Ahmet Dervi, Turkish general (b. 1881)
1932 Albert Jacka, Australian captain, Victoria
Cross recipient (b. 1893)
1933 Louis Comfort Tiany, American stained
glass artist (b. 1848)
1936 Mateiu Caragiale, Romanian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1885)
1942 Walther von Reichenau, German eld marshal (b. 1884)
1947 Pyotr Krasnov, Russian historian and general
(b. 1869)
1947 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, Canadian
cardinal (b. 1883)
1951 Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Indian poet, playwright, and director (b. 1903)
1952 Walter Briggs, Sr., American businessman
(b. 1877)
1961 Patrice Lumumba, Congolese politician, 1st
Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the
Congo (b. 1925)

1980 Barbara Britton, American actress (b. 1919)


1981 Loukas Panourgias, Greek footballer and
lawyer (b. 1899)
1984 Kostas Giannidis, Greek pianist, composer,
and conductor (b. 1903)
1987 Hugo Fregonese, Argentinian director and
screenwriter (b. 1908)
1988 Percy Qoboza, South African journalist and
author (b. 1938)
1991 Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)
1992 Frank Pullen, English soldier and businessman (b. 1915)
1993 Albert Hourani, English-Lebanese historian
and academic (b. 1915)
1994 Yevgeni Ivanov, Russian spy (b. 1926)
1994 Helen Stephens, American runner, shot putter, and discus thrower (b. 1918)
1996 Barbara Jordan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
1997 Bert Kelly, Australian farmer and politician,
20th Australian Minister for the Navy (b. 1912)
1997 Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer and
academic, discovered Pluto (b. 1906)
2000 Philip Jones, English trumpet player and educator (b. 1928)
2000 Ion Raiu, Romanian journalist and politician (b. 1917)
2002 Camilo Jos Cela, Spanish author and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
2002 Eddie Meduza, Swedish singer-songwriter
and guitarist (b. 1948)
2002 Roman Personov, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1932)
2003 Richard Crenna, American actor (b. 1926)
2004 Raymond Bonham Carter, English banker
(b. 1929)

1964 T. H. White, Indian-English author (b.


1906)

2004 Harry Brecheen, American baseball player


and coach (b. 1914)

1970 Simon Kovar, Russian-American bassoon


player and educator (b. 1890)

2004 Ray Stark, American lm producer (b.


1915)

9
2004 Noble Willingham, American actor (b.
1931)
2005 Charlie Bell, Australian businessman (b.
1960)
2005 Virginia Mayo, American actress, singer,
and dancer (b. 1920)
2005 Albert Schatz, American microbiologist and
academic (b. 1920)
2005 Zhao Ziyang, Chinese politician, 3rd
Premier of the Peoples Republic of China (b. 1919)
2006 Pierre Grondin, Canadian surgeon (b. 1925)

2013 Jakob Arjouni, German author (b. 1964)


2013 Yves Debay, Belgian journalist (b. 1954)
2013 John Nkomo, Zimbabwean politician, Vice
President of Zimbabwe (b. 1934)
2013 Lizbeth Webb, English soprano and actress
(b. 1926)
2014 Mohammed Burhanuddin, Indian spiritual
leader, 52nd Da'i al-Mutlaq (b. 1915)
2014 Francine Lalonde, Canadian educator and
politician (b. 1940)

2007 Art Buchwald, American journalist and author (b. 1925)

2014 Alistair McAlpine, Baron McAlpine of


West Green, English businessman and politician (b.
1942)

2007 Yevhen Kushnaryov, Ukrainian engineer and


politician (b. 1951)

2014 John J. McGinty III, American captain,


Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1940)

2008 Bobby Fischer, American chess player and


author (b. 1943)

2014 Sunanda Pushkar, Indian-Canadian businesswoman (b. 1962)

2008 Ernie Holmes, American football player,


wrestler, and actor (b. 1948)

2015 Ken Furphy, English footballer and manager


(b. 1931)

2009 Anders Isaksson, Swedish journalist and historian (b. 1943)

2015 Faten Hamama, Egyptian actress and producer (b. 1931)

2010 Gaines Adams, American football player (b.


1983)

2015 Don Harron, Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1924)

2010 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician and CM of West


Bengal for 23 years (b. 1914)

2016 Blowy, American singer-songwriter and


producer (b. 1939)

2010 Michalis Papakonstantinou, Greek journalist


and politician, Foreign Minister of Greece (b. 1919)

2016 Melvin Day, New Zealand painter and historian (b. 1923)

2010 Erich Segal, American author and screenwriter (b. 1937)

2016 V. Rama Rao, Indian lawyer and politician,


12th Governor of Sikkim (b. 1935)

2011 Don Kirshner, American songwriter and


producer (b. 1934)

2016 Sudhindra Thirtha, Indian religious leader


(b. 1926)

2012 Ernie Alexander, American educator and


politician (b. 1933)
2012 Aengus Fanning, Irish journalist (b. 1942)
2012 Carlos Guirao, Spanish guitarist, keyboard
player, and composer (b. 1954)

4 Holidays and observances


Christian feast day:
Anthony the Great

2012 Julius Meimberg, German soldier and pilot


(b. 1917)

Blessed Angelo Paoli

2012 Johnny Otis, American singer-songwriter


and producer (b. 1921)

Charles Gore (Church of England)

2012 Marty Springstead, American baseball


player and umpire (b. 1937)
2013 Mehmet Ali Birand, Turkish journalist and
author (b. 1941)

Blessed Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch


Jenaro Snchez Delgadillo (one of Saints of
the Cristero War)
Mildgyth
Our Lady of Pontmain
Sulpitius the Pious

10

5
January 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

National Day (Minorca, Spain)


The opening ceremony of Patras Carnival, celebrated until Clean Monday. (Patras)

External links
BBC: On This Day

The New York Times: On This Day


Today in Canadian History

EXTERNAL LINKS

11

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

January 17 Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_17?oldid=760554373 Contributors: AxelBoldt, Tobias Hoevekamp, Kpjas,


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12

6 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

6.2

Images

File:Commons-logo.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: PD Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

6.3

Content license

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