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Technical Features and Performances of

NANO Fuel Additive


Introduction

With the development of automobile industry and the peoples living requirement, the
consumption of fuel incomplete combustion so that is wastes not only the energy sources, but
also pollutes the environment. So the two important questions of saving energy and protecting
environment are regarded all over the world.
X&S International Company is founded in Feb.22th, 2006, which invested from BONUS
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY corp., Located in XiCheng, District, Beijing. The companys
goal has been to saving the fuel oil and protecting environment and reducing air pollution.
PKU has fetched her first product, NANO fuel additive, in 2000.NANO fuel additive, a
super-concentrated environmentally multi-functional fuel additive that is an all-in-one
power booster, fuel saver, emissions reducer, engine protector and combustion chamber deposit
cleaner. It is the latest generation of streamlined fuel additive in the word.
NANO fuel additive is developed with liquid nano-technology. This means when it is added to
fuel, it rapidly disperses and forms a stable spherical water droplets with a diameter of 6 nm,
each encased by an highly intensity and elasticity surfactant membrane. The mixture is
steady in thermodynamics as Brown movement. As the fuel begins to burn in the combustion
chamber, these water droplets of nanometer class explode as they flash into steam under the
high temperature. This process, according to the micro-explosion theory, produces an increase
in turbulence within the air and fuel mixture, causing more efficient fuel atomization, reduced
cyclic dispersions and results in enhanced combustion. The result? Increased power and
improved fuel consumption. Moreover, when these micro-explosions of water droplets occur
against the exposed surfaces of combustion chamber deposits, there is a very efficient cleaning
action as the deposits begin to break down and disintegrate. The result? Cleaner combustion
chambers, lower emissions and reduced engine octane requirement.
Unlike other conventional fuel additives(such as octane booster, fuel injector cleaner,
etc.),which have been primarily designed to correct specific problems, NANO fuel additive
improves the overall engine performance, whether it is new or old. It also increases power and
effectively reduces fuel consumption, toxic emissions and engine knocks immediately.
*there are two types of this NANO fuel additive,NGA-168 for gasoline and NDA-168 for diesel
fuel.

Efficacy:
a)
b)

c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Reducing consumption of fuel about 20%.


Reducing harmful matt including CO,HC, and NO,etc.40%-80%.It is propitious to
protect the environment. Nano fuel additive , which is only one fuel additive can reduce
CO nowadays.
Increases vehicles power 20%-28%, and reduces/eliminates engine operation noise
and makes driving smoothly.
Effectively inhibit or eliminate carbon deposits in combustion chamber including the
spark plug, fuel spray nozzle, gas inlet valve, gas exhaust valve etc.
Reducing requirement of octane for gasoline engine 4-6.
Effectively cleaning colloid and impurities in system of fuel, so the system of fuel will be
more cleaning.
Makes users to have less maintenance costs, extending engines life.

It works well for new and old engines, in all fuels and in all climates and seasons. No engine
modification is required.

Data of inspection and test


Table 1.

Physical performances of NANO fuel additive


Quality index
Item

Testing
method

NGA-168

NDA-168

900

900

GB/T 2540

Mechanical impurities

Nil

Nil

GB/T 511

Flash point(closed-cup test),

50

50

GB/T 261

0.5%

1.0%

GB/T 508

Yellow up to brown
lucid liquid

Yellow up to Dark
brown liquid

Visual
examination

Density(20),Kg/m3

Ash
Appearance

Note: It administer the company standard Q/PGDB001-2000.


Table 2.
Metal ion content in NANO fuel additive itself
Ion

Testing results

Ion

Testing results

Zn

0.290

Al

0.385

Mn

0.172

Fe

0.536

Co

0.101

Cr

0.109

Pb

0.089

Pt

0.092

Na

0.293

0.371

Mg

0.465

Ca

0.572

Ba

0.128

Cu

0.693

Ni

0.372

As

0.183

Sn

0.165
2

P
Note:

1)Unit: Mg/L.
2)The censorate is Beijing Center for Physical and Chemical Analysis, China.
2

3) Atom-absorb spectral analysis apparatus is SOLLAR-116(USA).


From table 2, we know that the NANO fuel additive is not acceded the metal ions by human.
So the additive cannot pollute environment secondly by using it.
Table 3.

Data of inspection for gasoline NO.90

Item

Quality
index

Testing method

Antiknock rating:
RON
(RON+MON)/2

90
85

Lead content, g/L

0.005

Distillation range:
10%evaporation temperature,
50%evaporation temperature,
90%evaporation temperature,
Distillation end point,
Residue,%(v/v)

Testing results
Without
additive

With
additive
1:4000

GB/T 5487
GB/T 503,5487

92.0
86.2

91.9
86.0

GB/T 8020

0.0025

0.0025

52.3
102.2
167
197.2
1.2

53.0
102.2
166.0
196.9
1.0

59.0

56.0

GB/T 6536
70
120
190
205
2

Vapor tension, kPa


Sep.16-Mar.15
Mar.16-Sep.15

88
74

Actual colloid,mg/100mL

GB/T 8019

Induction period,

480

GB/T 8018

480

480

0.10*

GB/T 380

0.019

Pass
0.001

SH/T 0174
GB/T 1792

Pass

1 class

GB/T 5096

Water-soluble acids fr alkalis

Nil

GB/T 259

Nil

Mechanical impurities and water

Nil

Visual
examination

Nil

Benzene content,%(v/v)

2.5

Addendum A

0.76

Aromatic
content,%(v/v)

40

GB/T 11132

22.8

Alkenes content,%(v/v)

35**

GB/T 11132

Oxygen content,%(v/v)

2.7

SH/T 0663

0.10

40.0
0.10

Manganese content, g/L

0.018

Addendum B

0.001

0.001

Iron content, g/L

0.01

Addendum C

0.0025

0.0025

GB/T 8017

min

Sulfur content,%(m/m)
Mercaptan (satisfying one of the
following):
Doctor test
Mercaption content. %(m/m)
Copper fret test(50,3h)

hydrocarbon

la

la

Note: * the sulfur content shall be less than 0.08%(m/m) in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou
since July 1,2000.And the sulfur content shall be less than 0.08%(m/m ) nationally from
January 1,2003.
3

** It is shall be observed in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou since July 1,2000. And it
shall be observed nationally from January 1,2003.
1) The censorate is National Center for Intendance and Test Quality of Petroleum
production.
2) The product standard is GB 17930-1999
From table 3. we know that the quality index of gasoline NO.90 is changed hardly after the
NANO fuel additive is acceded to gasoline.
Table 4-1. Experimental results of 15 operation conditions(HJ/T 26.1-1999)
NO.90 gasoline without plum bum

Testing results
CO(g/km)

HC(g/km)

NOx(g/km)

Without additive

10.72

1.26

1.60

With additive after run 3500km

9.88

1.08

1.38

Changed(%)

7.8

14.3

13.8

Note: The censorate is the center for inspection vehicle exhaust of ZHB.
Table 4-2. Experimental results for Test of idle
800

Idle speed(r/min)

2000

CO(%)

HC(ppm)

CO(%)

HC(ppm)

Without additive

0.71

125

0.54

19

With additive after run 3500km

0.56

71

0.48

11

Changed (%)

21.1

43.2

11.1

42.2

Note: A) The censorate is the Center for Inspect Vehicle exhaust of ZHB.
B) Testing according as DB 11/044-1999
Table 5. Experimental results for Test of idle
Type of auto: micro bus(mark: JINBEL)
Date

Running(k
m)

CO

HC

NOx

CO

HC

NOx

CO

HC

NOx

2000.09.18

75630

1.20

50

565

0.68

30

237

0.82

111

114

2000.10.12

76920

0.20

15

175

0.09

14

66.3

0.42

85

30

2000.10.20

77476

0.20

20

278

0.10

14

110

2.70

198

43

2000.10.31

78174

0.22

25

220

0.11

23

124

0.20

104

51

81.7

50.0

61.0

83.8

23.3

47.6

75.6

6.3

55.3

Decontaminated (%)

3000r/min

2000r/min

857-900r/min

Type of auto car(mark: SANTANA)


2000.09.18

47183

5.04

151

174

3.7

230

130

0.35

124

104

2000.10.12

49209

0.22

45

117

1.3

136

55

0.17

85

26

2000.10.31

51223

1.10

27

73

1.0

98

50

0.11

157

50

2000.11.09

51830

0.67

29

62

2.0

51

47

0.24

72

63

87

81

64

46

78

64

31

42

39

Decontaminated (%)

Type of auto: jeep(mark: CHEROKEE)


2000.09.18

88843

0.73

16

1384

0.59

28

590

0.53

78

98

2000.09.25

89727

0.76

19

789

0.63

30

311

0.62

78

51

2000.10.12

91536

0.72

360

0.62

23

160

0.89

76

24

2000.11.09

93547

0.67

278

0.56

16

145

0.40

55

28

8.2

44

80

43

75

25

29

71

Decontaminated (%)

Note:

Table 6.

A) The censorate is Beijing Center of Protect and Inspect Environment.


B)Testing according as GB/T3845-93 and DB 11/044-1999.
Data of inspection for diesel fuel NO.0
Testing results
Quality
index

Item

Testing
method

With
additive
1:8000

Without
additive

Actual collold,mg/100mL

70

GB/T 509

12

13

Sulfur content,%(m/m)

1.0

GB/T 380

0.116

0.130

Water,%(v/v)

Trace

Visual
examination

Nil

Nil

Acidity,mgKOH/100ml

10

GB/T 258

0.8

1.0

0.4

GB/T 268

0.034

0.030

Ash,%(m/m)

0.02

GB/T 508

0.001

0.001

Copper fret test(50,3h)

l class

GB/T 5096

la

la

Water-soluble acids or alkalis

Nil

GB/T 259

Nil

Nil

Mechanical impurities

Nil

Visual
examination

Nil

Nil

Moving viscosity(20),mm2/s

GB/T 265

3.867

3.884

Solidifying point,

3.0~8.0
0

GB/T 510

-4

-4

Cool-filtrating Point,

SH/T 0248

Flash point (closed-cup test),

55

GB/T 261

62

61

Cetane number*

45

GB/T 386

44.9

45.3

268.1
334.5
349.7

268.3
335.3
349.8

834.6

834.7

Remnant charcoal
vaporized,%(m/m)

after

10%

Distillation range:
50% distillation temperature,
90% distillation temperature,
95% distillation temperature,
Density(20),kg/m3

GB/T 6536
300
355
365
Actually
measure

GB/T 1884
GB/T 1885

Note: * The note 3 of GB/T 252 prescribes that the cetane number of every diesel fuel mixed
catalyzing distillation be allowed no less than 40.
1) The censorate is National Center for Intendance and Test Quality of Fuel oil.
2) The product standard is GB 252-94.
From table 6, we know that the quality index of diesel fuel NO.0 is changed hardly after the
NANO fuel additive is acceded to diesel fuel.

Purpose:
NANO fuel additive is suitable for use in all types of motor vehicles,2-stroke and 4-stroke
engines, including automobiles,trucks,buses,tractors,locomotives,motorcycles,tugboats and
other industrial equipment, such as power generators.

Dosage:
The dosage proportion between additive and fuel oil is 1:10000(m/m).
Add the correct amount of NANO fuel additive directly into the fuel tank just before refueling.
You dont need to make any adjustments to the engine. For large quantity users, NANO fuel
additive can be added directly into the bulk storage tank just before refilling. NANO fuel
additive dissolves easily into either gasoline or diesel fuel. Special mixing is usually not
necessary.

Packaging:
Additive

Volume
5ml,12.5ml

NGA-168

NDA-168

Package

Purpose

Plastic bottle

For car

Plastic bucket

For gas station and factory

200kg

Metal pail

For refinery and factory

25ml

Plastic bottle

For truck, microbus etc.

5kg

Plastic bucket

For gas station and factory

Metal pail

For refinery and factory

5kg

200kg

Notice for Using:


a) Not flammability and explosive. Be deposited in dark and dry place under 45.
b) Not poisonous, but it is stimulating when your skin touch it. Please wash using plentiful
water or see the doctor necessary if the production enter eyes.
c) Not devouring. Placed far from children.

Using advice:
After the first to use this production, or when your vehicle has been not fueled well, please
wash or change oil filter.