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5 KINGDOMS

MONERA
 PROTISTA
 FUNGI
 ANIMAL (METAZOA)
 PLANT (METAPHYTA)

KINGDOM MONERA 1.  2.  3.  . Prokaryotic Cells Reproduce by binary fission and  fragmentation. Represenative of the oldest and  most primitive life on earth.

KINGDOM MONERA Division Cyanophyta  Division Schizophyta  Viruses  Rickettsia  .

Blue-Green Algae  (a) Nostoc  (b) Oscillatoria  .Division Cyanophyta 1.

DEFINITION  2. AGENTS OF DISEASE IN ALL FORMS OF LIFE.VIRUSES 1.  (a) Acellular  (b) Ultramicroscopic © exhibit host specificity (d) exhibit tissue affinity  (e) obligately parasitic (f) single nucleic  acid  .

and protein synthesizing machinery of a living host in order to reproduce. enzymes. They can be crystallized. ALIVE?  The infective form has (1) no metabolisim (2) requires energy.  .VIRUSES Contd.

Lymphotrophic 4.  2. Neurotrophic 3.VIRUS CLASSIFICATION  By HOST     1.  4. Viscerotrophic .  3. Dermatotrophic 2.  Phages Human Animal Plant BY TISSUE AFFINITY 1.

VIRUSES CONTD. STRUCTURE  Various shapes  Example: Bacteriophage  (a) capsid (protein coat) (b) central core of either DNA or RNA  .

Treatment  .  4. 1. Work of Iwanowski. Reproduction (see handout)  (a) adsorption (b) penetration © replication (d) assemblage (e) lysis  3.VIRUSES Contd. Reed  2. Loeffler & Frosch. Compare lytic cycle to lysogenic cycle.