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Visa Information

Visa Requirements
The term “visa” refers to the visa stamp in your passport, not your I-20 or DS-2019 form. All non-immigrants (except Canadians) entering
the U.S. in F or J status are required to obtain the appropriate entry visa.
When you re-enter the U.S., the visa stamp in your passport must reflect your current visa status (F or J) and must be unexpired. Also, if
the visa has a limited number of entries, it must have a remaining valid entry available on the intended date of reentry to the U.S.
If there are entries left on the visa, the visa should remain valid for re-entry until the date of expiration. However, students and scholars
should consider the chance of unexpected need for a later re-entry, for example, due to weather delay.
If the visa stamp in your passport has expired and/or does not have a remaining valid entry available, and automatic revalidation of visa is
not possible, you must be granted a new visa in order to re-enter the U.S.
Canadian citizens generally are not required to possess a visa stamp to enter the U.S. and may enter the U.S. with valid I-20 or DS-2019
and proof of Canadian citizenship.
Automatic Revalidation of Visa
For non-immigrants with expired visas, trips to Canada or Mexico may not require a new visa application. This benefit is called “automatic
revalidation of visa.” Currently, the automatic revalidation of visa benefit allows certain non-immigrants with expired visas to reenter the
U.S. after a 30-day or less visit to “contiguous territory”.
Contiguous territory is considered Canada, Mexico, or adjacent islands including Saint Pierre, Miquelon, the Dominican Republic, Haiti,
Bermuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, the Windward and Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Martinique, and other British, French, and
Netherlands territory or possessions in or bordering on the Caribbean Sea.
Citizens of countries currently designated by the U.S. Department of State as State Sponsors of Terrorism are not eligible for the
automatic revalidation benefit and would be required to have a valid visa for re-entry from contiguous territory.
Any non-immigrant who applies for a new U.S. visa while traveling in “contiguous territory” is not eligible for automatic revalidation benefit.
Thus if you apply for a visa in Canada and are denied, you are not allowed to re-enter the U.S. under automatic revalidation benefit.
To re-enter the U.S. under the benefit of automatic revalidation of visa, you must:

Only travel to Canada/Mexico/adjacent islands for less than 30 days and not travel elsewhere

Maintain and intend to resume your nonimmigrant status within the authorized period of admission

Carry your paper or print-out of electronic Form I-94 (please click on the link for instructions), your currently valid I-20 or DS2019, and valid passport with expired visa

Not apply for a new visa during this trip

Not be from a country that is currently designated by U.S. as a State Sponsor of Terrorism

For more information, refer to the website of the U.S. Department of State.

We recommend that if you choose to travel under the “automatic revalidation of visa” rule, that you print and carry with you the
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Automatic Revalidation Fact Sheet in case the border officer is not familiar with the
details of the rule.

Applying For a New Visa

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refer to Ten Points To Remember When Applying For A Non-Immigrant Visa (from NAFSA. visa wait time to get a visa appointment and the estimated visa processing time to receive a visa at a specific consulate or embassy. Although it is possible for students and scholars to apply for visas at U.S. Keep in mind that this time period does not include a security check. Students and scholars beginning new I-20 or DS-2019 programs may be issued visas up to 120 days before the program start date. you may decide not to travel and avoid the risk of a visa delay or a visa denial. Department of State about the requirement to demonstrate ties to your home country. consulate. Depending on your particular circumstances. house. consulate with jurisdiction over the home residence. consulates in Canada.  Refer to Ten Points To Remember When Applying For A Non-Immigrant Visa (from NAFSA.  View the estimated U. The burden is on the visa applicant to prove ties to the home country and establish “non-immigrant intent”. consulate. and Diplomatic Missions. Department of State F-1 visa application information o U.S. the risk of denial may be higher in these cases.  We encourage you to apply for your visa as early as possible during your trip and allow ample time for the visa approval process to return to the U. Association of International Educators).If you need to obtain a new visa to re-enter the U.S. Embassies. and other countries worldwide.S.” For more information. Security Checks 2 . In addition. If a visa denial is received when a student/scholar applies in another country.S. There are several ways you can be prepared to support your intent to return home in your visa interview:  Have a few sentences in mind that express how you intend to use your degree or research at home after your finish your program  Bring copies of deeds to any property (land. o U. before receiving a new visa.S. Resources and Tips  It's a good idea to read about the procedures at the local consulate where you plan to apply for your new visa before you travel. the applicant may not return to the U.S. Students and scholars are recommended to apply for visas at the local U. refer to NonImmigrant Intent.S. Department of State J-1 visa application information All F and J visa applicants must complete and submit form DS-160 (Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application) Non-Immigrant Intent All applicants for an F or J visa are required to demonstrate their intent to return to their home country following the completion of their academic programs.S.S. If denial or visa delay occurs. the applicant is required to return directly to the home country to reapply at the local U.S. Association of International Educators)  The following resources will provide you with a list of generally required documents for your visa application at a U. See the U. consulate abroad.S. Consulates. apartment) that you or your family owns in your home country  Bring bank statements of any accounts that you or your family maintain in your home country  If you have an employer who intends to employ you when you return home.S. The most common reason for visa denial is “failure to demonstrate ties to the home country. Mexico.S. you should be prepared for a potentially lengthy wait and complex visa application procedures which require an in-person interview at a U. bring a letter from that employer You can read information from U. Department of State's Web Sites of U..

and Yemen. You should be prepared to be questioned closely about the details of your research. the nature of your work/research and. Kuwait. Eritrea. An exception to this rule exists for certain countries having agreements with the U.. As a reminder. of State has declined to release the list of countries on national security grounds. to extend the validity of passports. Oman. (see Visa Requirements. national security. for exception. if you are working in such fields. If you need to request a new travel signature. Qatar.S. Syria.S. To extend. you must present the following documents:  Your passport. Department of State's list of sensitive technology fields requiring security clearance (called the Technology Alert List) is no longer public. In addition. Sudan. It should have been signed by the U-M International Center after you arrived to begin your study. 3 . the U. Pakistan. This letter will not deter a security clearance. Somalia. Bahrain. Dept.  F-1 Student  J-1 Student and Scholar  F-2 or J-2 Dependent See the Travel Information Workshops schedule to attend an informational meeting. Nationals or citizens of Cuba and North Korea are being subjected to increased scrutiny as well.  A valid F-1 visa stamp in your passport (except Canadians). you should always keep your passport valid while you are in the U. your field of study. Malaysia. It may be helpful. please contact one of the embassies and consulates nearest Michigan. it is thought to include Afghanistan. if applicable. you may need to carry your old expired passport. In most situations. The signature must be less than one year old on the day you will re-enter the U. Morocco.During any visa application to the U.S. or other reasons which are not publicly known. until the date the passport expires. People with passports issued by one of those countries can enter the U. or the sciences.S. but it may expedite the clearance.S. the F-1 visa must be valid on the day you will enter the U. Jordan. Lebanon. Djibouti. home | immigration & visas | f-1 international students | re-entry to the u. which must be valid for at least six months on the day that you re-enter the U. if your F-1 visa is in your expired passport. renew or replace your passport. you may be subject to additional security and background clearances due to your citizenship or ties to specific countries. Iran. noting that the technology is not for military use.S.S.S. Delay in issuance of the visa may result as consular officers seek mandatory security advisory opinions from federal agencies on your background. Libya. Use this as a guideline only.S. You can get an idea of what may be on the list by using the Technology Alert List version from 2002.S. F-1 Student To be re-admitted to the U. You may also Visa Reciprocity and Country Documents Finder for country-by-country security procedure information from U. The U. Indonesia. Tunisia. Clearance may take several weeks to several months and no circumvention of the process is possible on grounds of U. Bangladesh. see Automatic Revalidation of Visa). Saudi Arabia. refer to the I-20 Travel Signature Drop-Off form. Although the U. as an F-1 student. to have your department advisor or supervisor write a letter briefly detailing in laymen's terms.S. too. Department of State may be required to conduct a security clearance if you work in high technology. Re-entry to the U. If you recently renewed your passport. Department of State. Egypt. Iraq. engineering. the United Arab Emirates.S.S.  Your currently valid I-20 immigration document with a recent hand written travel signature on page 3 of your I-20.s.S. Algeria. Citizens of certain countries may be subject to increased scrutiny and security clearances.

S. you should carry photocopies of the F1 or J-1 documents indicating authorization for work permission. you may want to get a letter from your department that says that you are a student in good standing with the University. People with passports issued by one of those countries can enter the U. as an additional precaution when traveling. renew or replace your passport. you should carry evidence of your training position and our academic training authorization letter.S. if your F-2 or J-2 visa is in your expired passport. If you feel you may come under increased scrutiny.S. you may need to carry your old expired passport. you must present the following documents:  Your passport. or the J-1 scholar's offer letter of the position.S.  A valid F-2 or J-2 visa stamp in your passport (except Canadians). you may want to get a letter from your department that says that you are a scholar. As a reminder. If you recently renewed your passport. As a reminder. which must be valid for at least six months on the day that you re-enter the U. employee. If you need to request a new travel signature. you must present the following documents:  Your passport. F-2 or J-2 Dependent For dependents. your transcript. refer to the I-20 Travel Signature Drop-Off form or the DS-2019 Travel Signature Drop-Off Form. see Automatic Revalidation of Visa). to extend the validity of passports. The travel validation is in the bottom right corner of your DS-2019 and should have been signed by the U-M International Center after you arrived to begin your program. An exception to this rule exists for certain countries having agreements with the U.S.  Your currently valid DS-2019 immigration document with a recent handwritten travel validation. Immigration and Customs Enforcement SEVIS FAQs. 4 . you may wish to bring copies of financial documentation and if you are a student. In most situations.S. refer to U. please contact one of the embassies and consulates nearest Michigan.  A valid J-1 visa stamp in your passport (except Canadians).  Your currently valid I-20/DS-2019 immigration document with a recent handwritten travel signature on page 3 of your I-20 or the bottom right corner of your DS-2019. too. As an additional precaution when traveling. For more information. please see the travel signature form. To extend.S. you should always keep your passport valid while you are in the U. (see Visa Requirements. you may need to carry your old expired passport. If you recently renewed your passport. renew or replace your passport. You may wish to bring copies of your financial documentation and the F-1 student transcript. or student in good standing with U-M. If the F-1 or J-1 is on post-completion Optional Practical Training (OPT) or Academic Training (AT). as an F-2 or J-2 dependent. Academic Training authorization letter and evidence of job.S. If you feel you may come under increased scrutiny. for exception. If you or your F-1 or J-1 spouse needs to request new travel signatures. In most situations.S. which must be valid for at least six months on the day that you re-enter the U. until the date the passport expires. To be re-admitted to the U. if your J-1 visa is in your expired passport. until the date the passport expires.S. your required documents are quite similar to your husband or wife or parent who is student or scholar. as a J-1 student or scholar (exchange visitor). For J-1 it would be the DS-2019.S. People with passports issued by one of those countries can enter the U. The signature must be less than one year old on the day you will re-enter the U.S. For F-1 this would include I-20. see Automatic Revalidation of Visa). (see Visa Requirements.You may wish to bring copies of financial documentation and your student transcript as an additional precaution when traveling. To extend. you should always keep your passport valid while you are in the U. If you are a J-1 student on academic training. the visa must be valid on the day you will enter the U. the J-1 visa must be valid on the day you enter the U. EAD card and evidence of job. It should have been signed by the U-M International Center after you arrived. J-1 Student and Scholar To be re-admitted to the U. If you need to request a new travel signature.S. too. please contact one of the embassies and consulates nearest Michigan.S. to extend the validity of passports.S. An exception to this rule exists for certain countries having agreements with the U. The signature must be no more than one year old on the day you will re-enter the U. refer to the DS-2019 Travel Signature Drop-Off form. for exception.

refer to U.For more information. Last reviewed: 02/13 5 . Immigration and Customs Enforcement SEVIS FAQs.S.