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NEWS

DISCUSSION FOR
UPSC
1/16/2017

16 JANUARY,
2017

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• Centre throws VIP security shield around Kerala BJP brass

FRONT PAGE

• There are two committees which decide the allocation of a security category:

1) Protection Review Group and the

2) Security Categorizations Committee,
• both headed by the Union Home Secretary and including Intelligence Bureau
officials.
• Around 300 individuals are given security cover by Central security forces
which include the CRPF, CISF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and the
Border Security Force (BSF).
• “We grant security on the basis of the assessment done by the intelligence
agencies.
• Their ground reports suggested that the four BJP persons required
protection,” the Ministry official.

• In December 2016, four RSS functionaries in Punjab were also accorded
central security cover. Punjab goes to the polls on February 4.
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• Type of Security category 1/16/2017 3 .

• a third video surfaced late in the evening in which an unidentified jawan breaks into song to highlight the difficulties the troops face on the border.• Rawat warns of crackdown. You can be held guilty of a crime.. 1/16/2017 4 . • His comments came after a second video of a jawan went viral. and get punished. Bipin Rawat sounding a warning to soldiers on Sunday against using social media to air their grievances instead of going through the regular channels. but another video surfaces F R ON T • Despite Army Chief Gen. • It affects the morale of the jawans and thereby the army.. • “A few colleagues are using social media to draw the media's attention to their problems. alleging discrimination by officers...

• The committee is learnt to have suggested creating up to 20 per cent seats for girls out of the total number of seats. only candidates who have already qualified in JEE-Advanced will be considered. • The number of seats for male candidates will not be affected and this will help IITs achieve the 1 lakh target by 2020. Also. • Concerned by the slump in number of girl students entering IITs. • The recommendation of the committee will be taken up in the meeting of the joint admission board (JAB) for a final decision. which will decide whether the reservation will come in effect from this year or from 2018. the JAB has set up a panel under the chairmanship of professor Timothy Gonsalves to find ways to rectify the situation in the institutes.• Panel recommends quota for girl students in IITs N A TI ON AL • A panel has recommended reservation for girl students in IITs to address the issue of slump in the number of female students entering the prestigious institutes. 1/16/2017 5 .

as per official estimates. • Sc. • The government’s prohibition.• Broadcasting news by FM Station N A TI ON AL • They will have to exercise the right to inform with fairness and without prejudice and the right to counter and question the government’s version of news. Common Cause argued.from a plethora of pending public interest litigation petitions a 2013 one filed by Common Cause for a judicial declaration to end the monopoly of the Prasar Bharati Corporation. opinions and ideas”. • In favour of removing the restrictions •  covers almost the entire population. • The Bench asked why there should be a continuing prohibition on FM radio stations and community radios from airing their own news and current affairs on a par with private TV channels and the print media. was in clear violation of the Supreme Court’s landmark verdict in 1995 in the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting vs Cricket Association of Bengal . over news broadcasting and current affairs programmes. • The apex court then held that “airwaves are public property to be used to promote 6 1/16/2017 public good and expressing a plurality of views. . even the rural masses. which owns and operates All India Radio.

Greece and Australia are barred from airing news and cultural affairs. authorised TV news channels. Press Trust of India and any other authorised news agency without any substantive change in the content”. the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India recommended that for private FM radio broadcasting Phase III.• Broadcasting news by FM Station • “Policy Guidelines and of the Grant of Permission Agreements framed by the government which prohibit private FM radio stations and community radio stations from broadcasting their own news and current affairs programmes • are clearly violative of the fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression as guaranteed under Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution. • On November 28. • None of the USA’s 14.000-odd stations in Spain or the 1. taking content from AIR. 2008. Doordarshan. United News of India.000-plus radio stations. FM broadcasters “may only be permitted to broadcast news. the 2.000-plus stations each in Italy. • It is submitted that the right to freedom of speech and expression also includes the right to information. France. 1/16/2017 7 .

1/16/2017 8 .• Students entery into Uk W OR L D • Members of the House of Lords are pushing for the government to remove international students from migration figures. • The amendment has received cross-party support: • The amendment “shall ensure that no student. either undergraduate or postgraduate. in a bid to prevent students from remaining a political football used by the government to help meet net migration targets. who has received an offer to study at such a higher education establishment shall be treated for public policy purposes as an economic migrant to the U.K.. • It will also help to ward off negative perceptions about Britain’s openness to foreign students. • The move comes in the form of an amendment to the controversial Higher Education and Research Bill — currently going through the House of Lords. • The move could help halt the decline in Indian students as a result of tightening government policy both on visas and educational institutions.

is sworn in as U. 1/16/2017 9 .S. but comes at a crucial juncture for West Asia. President. Trump.• Paris hosts symbolic peace meet amid protests from Israel W OR L D • Diplomats from 70 countries gathered in Paris on Sunday to try to revive Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts amid fears of a new escalation if Donald Trump implements a pledge to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. who has vowed unstinting support for Israel. • The meeting is mainly symbolic. which Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has dismissed as “rigged” against the Jewish state. five days before Mr. • Neither Israel nor the Palestinians are represented at the conference.

• SEBI B A S I CS • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India. 1/16/2017 10 . • It was established in the year 1988 and given statutory powers on 30 January 1992 through the SEBI Act. 1992.

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• holding of public shareholders post the merger cannot be less than 25%. • There was an issue on electronic voting requirement as well. 1/16/2017 12 . • “The regulations attempt to ensure the rights of the public shareholders are protected and also get them greater look-in on mergers with unlisted subsidiaries • there have been instances where the route of merger was used to get an indirect listing for an unlisted company. the watchdog has stipulated a similar threshold for institutional shareholders of the unlisted entity as well.• SEBI Guidelines B US I N ESS • In a bid to safeguard the interests of the public shareholders. the regulator has also made their evoting mandatory in cases wherein the stake of such shareholders reduces by more than 5% in the merged entity. Agrawal said. the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has tightened the norms for merger of an unlisted company with a listed entity. • Further. At least two high courts had frowned upon SEBI’s jurisdiction over scheme of arrangements in the recent past.” Mr. • “The objective is to have wider public shareholding and to prevent very large unlisted company to get listed by merging with a very small company • an unlisted company can be merged with a listed company only if the latter is listed on a stock exchange having nationwide trading terminals. • To ensure larger say for the public shareholders. This amendment would also take care of recent challenges in high courts. post-merger.

the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established with public contributions to assist displaced persons from Pakistan. • The fund consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any budgetary support. and to the victims of the major accidents and riots. Pt.• In pursuance of an appeal by the then Prime Minister. etc. • PMNRF has not been constituted by the Parliament 1/16/2017 13 . kidney transplantation. to partially defray the expenses for medical treatment like heart surgeries. Jawaharlal Nehru in January. • Disbursements are made with the approval of the Prime Minister. 1948. • The resources of the PMNRF are now utilized primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods. cyclones and earthquakes. • The corpus of the fund is invested with PSU banks in various forms. • Assistance from PMNRF is also rendered. cancer treatment and acid attack etc.

will come into effect from Monday. • It will also include the secretary and the director of the CARA. The new regulations will replace the guidelines of 2015. The government has relaxed rules for adoption for certain categories of parents. 1/16/2017 14 .• The Adoption Regulations. • The rules to implement the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act. and those who want to adopt children with special needs. The CARA will put up details of the child available for adoption. a committee will examine such cases which require relaxation. were issued by the Women and Child Development Ministry on January 4. According to the rules. 2015. • The rules provide for a time-bound adoption process. The committee for giving relaxation will be headed by chairperson of the Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA). 2017. There will be one representative from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. including those who have lost their child to sickness or accident.

stipulates that the age limit for adopting a child up to four years of age should be 45 years for a single parent. 1993. • For a couple. Government of India. the composite age should be 90 years. • It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. 2017. ratified by Government of India in 2003. abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies. • CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan. • CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption. 1/16/2017 15 .• The Adoption Regulations. • Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development.

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or reconstruction. and • Working towards innovation. • With annual turnover not exceeding INR 25 crore in any preceding financial year. setup for such purpose. the MUDRA Bank. processes or services driven by technology or intellectual property • Provided that such entity is not formed by splitting up. deployment or commercialization of new products. incorporated or registered in India : • Not prior to five years.000. an app development platform aimed at producing 1. • Provided further that a Startup shall be eligible for tax benefits only after it has obtained certification from the Inter-Ministerial Board.0 billion). of a business already in existence.000 apps and PMMY. • The government has already launched iMADE. development. 1/16/2017 17 .• Startup means an entity. • Provided also that an entity shall cease to be a Startup if its turnover for the previous financial years has exceeded INR 25 crore or it has completed 5 years from the date of incorporation/ registration. a new institution set up for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units with a refinance Fund of ₹200 billion (US$3.

Department of Telecommunications to: • Help Indian colleges digitize their resources and processes to derive better student engagement and help facilitate information access to students on the go.• What is I-MADE? • A: Innovation in Mobile Application and Development Ecosystem (I-MADE) is an initiative by Telecom Centre of Excellence India supported by Government of India. • Encourage entrepreneurship among students by providing mentorship and guidance • Facilitate skill development by providing training on different aspects of mobile app development • Create 1 million mobile app start-ups some of which can eventually become Indian unicorns 1/16/2017 18 .

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1/16/2017 20 . Elbrus forms part of the Caucasus Mountains in Southern Russia. and the tenth most prominent peak in the world. near the border with Georgia.• Elbrus is the highest mountain in Russia and in Europe.[6]A dormant volcano.

1/16/2017 21 . • The Zagros mountain range begins in northwestern Iran and roughly corresponds to Iran's western border. ending at the Strait of Hormuz. and it spans the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau. • The highest point in the Zagros Mountains is Dena. Iraqi Kurdistan and southeastern Turkey.500 km (932 mi). • This mountain range has a total length of 1.• Zagros Mountains form the largest mountain range in Iran.

dividing the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau.• taurus mountains are a mountain complex in southern Turkey. It is a part of the Alpide belt in Eurasia 1/16/2017 22 . • The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east.

works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world. • The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet. and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards. voice. and next-generation networks.[1] • The ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum. convergence in fixed-mobile phone. 1/16/2017 23 . TV broadcasting. latest-generation wireless technologies. radio astronomy.• The International Telecommunication Union (originally the International Telegraph Union is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. data. satellite-based meteorology. Internet access. promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits. aeronautical and maritime navigation.

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• The Rajya Sabha unanimously passed Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill.000 Rupees) or both. Key Provisions of Bill Prohibition of employment of children below 14 years in all occupations or processes except where child helps his family. 1/16/2017 26 . • They are person between 14 and 18 years of age. • Empowers Union Government to add or omit any hazardous occupation from the list included in the Bill. • Prohibition of employment of adolescents in hazardous occupations as specified (mines.000 to 50.000 Rupees • (from earlier 10. 2016. Proposes penalty for employing an adolescent in a hazardous occupation i. • Addition of a new category of persons called “adolescent”.000 Rupees or both. Empowers the government to make periodic inspection of places at which employment of children and adolescents are prohibited. imprisonment between 6 months and two years (from earlier 3 months-one year) or a fine of 20.e. hazardous processes and inflammable substance).000 to 20.000 to 50. • The Bill seeks to amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act. • Punishment for employing any child increased i. imprisonment between 6 months and 2 years or a fine of 20. 1986 to widen the scope of the law against child labour and stricter punishments for violations.e.

1958 was applicable to the Naga Hills.[3] • An act passed in 1990 was applied to Jammu and Kashmir and has been in force since.• Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts (AFSPA). are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in what each act terms "disturbed areas". • One such act passed on September 11. one by one. roughly 14 years after it came to force. 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’.[1] • According to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act. to the other Seven Sister States in India's northeast.[2] • Another one passed in 1983 and applicable to Punjab and Chandigarh was withdrawn in 1997. the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months. • In the following decades it spread.[4] • The Acts have received criticism from several sections for alleged concerns about human rights violations in the regions of its enforcement alleged to have happened. then part of Assam.[5][6] 1/16/2017 27 .

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