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2016

MATHEMATICS EXTENSION 2

YEAR 12 Trial

HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE

EXAMINATION

Mathematics Extension 2

General Instructions

• Reading time - 5 minutes

• Working time - 3 hours

• Write using black or blue pen

Black pen is preferred

• Board-app!oved calculators may

be used

• A table of standard integrals is

provided at the back of this paper

• In Questions 11-16, show

relevant mathematical reasoning

and/or calculations

**Total marks - 100
**

( Section I

)

10 marks

• Attempt Questions 1-10

• Allow about 15 minutes for this section

( Section II ) ~

90 marks

• Attempt Questions 11-16

• Allow about 2 hours and 45 minutes for this

section

The equation of the polynomial equation x3 -3x 2 + 2 = 0 has roots a.Section 1 10 marks Attempt questions 1-10 Allow about 15 minutes for this section Use the multiple-choice answer sheet for Questions 1-10. 1. Which of the following is a con-ect expression for fx3x' dx ? 3x ' . What is the value of a3 + /33 + r3 ? A)9 B) 13 C) 21 4. what is the value of z . What value of z satisfies z 2 A)4-3i =7 - C) i-2 D) 4+i C)3-4i D) -3-4i 24i? B)-4-3i 3. If z = I+ 2i and w = 3 . What is the eccentricity of the ellipse 9x 2 +16y 2 A)}_ 16 B) )7 4 D) 25 D)3x'ln3+C = 25? C) fis 4 D) ~ 4 .i ./3 and r. C)-+C ln3 3x' B)-+C ln9 5.w ? A) 3i-2 B) 4+3i 2.

9. and acceleration due to gravity g . Vertical cross-sections are squares perpendicular to the x-axis as shown in the diagram.-. ---4 ---..L.. A bob P of mass m kg is suspended from a fixed point A by a string oflength l metres..--- -4 Which integral represents the volume of the solid? 4 A) J4. The base of a solid is the region bounded by the circle x 2 + y 2 =16. p Which of the following expressions represents the tension in the string ? A) mlro B) mlro 1 C) mg/(!) D) mglro 1 . P describes a ho1izontal circle with uniform angular velocity rorad/sec. dx 2 4 B) -4 J411:x'dx -4 4 J C) 4(16-x')dx 4 D) -4 J411:(I6-x )dx 2 -4 10.

or otherwise. 5 0 2 .. i) By evaluating a and b.= tan"xdx for all integers n ~ 0.Question 12. = - 1 .._ 2 for integers n ~ 2. 1 H 4 J c) Let I.-1. What are the values of a and b ? 2 b)Thepolynomial P(x)=x 4 -4x3 +llx 2 -14x+10hasroots a+ib and a+2ib where a and bare real and b * 0. find all the roots of P(x). 0 i) Show that I. a) The polynomial P(x) = x 4 + ax2 + bx+ 28 has a double root at x = 2. find the quadratic polynomials with real coefficients that are factors of P(x).. 3 ii) Hence. ( 15 marks). n-1 3 K 4 ii) Hence find Jtan xdx .

2 2 ii) Find the eccentricity and hence the coordinates of its foci and the equations of the directrices. Q Prove that 1'..Question 13. b) i) Show that 4x 2 + 9y 2 + 16x+ l 8y-ll = Orepresents an ellipse. ( 15 marks) a) The diagram shows a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD. Chords AB and DC produced meet at P and chords DA and CB produced meet at Q. 2 . PR is the internal bisector of LAPD meeting AD at R and BC at S.QRS is isosceles.

y + y 3 b)Usethesubstitution x=tane to evaluate I f x .I Ix+ 5 = 0 2 3 d) A mass of 5 kilogram attached to a light fishing line describes a circular path with radius 60 centimetres about a point Pon a smooth table.Question 14. 2 3 i) Use De Moivre's Theorem to prove that ifz = cose + i sine.r.dx. I 2cosne = z" +-. l+x' 3 . 2 .. z" ii) Hence. Find the maximum number of revolutions per second. or otherwise solve the equation 5x 4 -1 lx 3 + l 6x 2 . i) Find the tension in the fishing line. It completes 2 revolutions per second.. 2 ii) The line breaks under a tension of 900 Newtons. I) .J3 1 c) = I at the point P(I.( 15 marks) a) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x' ..:..

I i) Find the gradient of the ellipse at the point P(3. at point P. meets the major axis at Q.1). 0 to the tangent at P meets at right angles at point A . 1 ii) Find the equation of the tangent and nonnal to the ellipse at P . 1 iii) The normal to the ellipse. 3 . Show that the value of PQx OA is equal to the square of the semi-minor axis. A line from the centre.c) An ellipse has the equation x 2 + 16 y' = 25.

( Assume acceleration due to gravity is !Om/s 2 ). and a frictional force F parallel to the plane. N 2 d) e weight A car of mass 2000 kg travels around a curve ofradius 150m at a speed of 110 Ian I h . and hence find an expression for F in terms of e. as shown in the diagram. The plane is at an angle e to the horizontal. The particle is subject to a gravitational force mg. find the angle e for the car to negotiate the curve. 4 END OF EXAMINATION . The car experiences a lateral resistance force F of 0. a normal reaction force N. as shown in the diagram. By resolving the forces vertically and horizontally. where the nonnal force is N. Resolve the forces acting on the particle.22 N.c) N A particle of mass mis lying on an inclined plane and does not move.

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