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# MATHEMATICS

2016 HSC Course Assessment Task 3
(Trial Examination) June 21, 2016

General Instructions

Section I - 10 marks

Working time –3 hours

Write using blue or black pen.
Diagrams may be sketched in pencil.

Board approved calculators may be used.

All necessary working should be shown in
every question.

provided.

Section II – 90 marks

Attempt all questions.

Commence each new question on a new
page.

Show all necessary working in every
question. Marks may be deducted for
illegible or incomplete working.

STUDENT NUMBER: …………………………………………

)

# BOOKLETS USED: ……….

Mr Hwang

Mr Berry

Mr Zuber

Ms Lee
Ms Ziaziaris

Question

Marks

1-10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Total

10

15

15

15

15

15

15

100

7?? 6 is 2 √3 2 √3 2 The value of 21 � 2?? − 30 ??=10 is Q3. Q1. (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 11 (D) 12 Which line is perpendicular to the line 3?? + 4?? + 7 = 0 ? (A) 4?? + 3?? − 7 = 0 (B) 3?? − 4?? + 7 = 0 (C) 8?? − 6?? − 7 = 0 (D) 4?? − 7?? + 7 = 0 Question 4 on the next page 3 .Section 1: Multiple Choice– 1 mark each. The exact value of cosec (A) −2 (B) − (C) (D) Q2.

5 + 3 log ?? 3) 4 (B) 1 (log ?? 1 + 3 log ?? 1.5 + 4 log ?? 2 + 10 log ?? 2.5 + 3 log ?? 3) 2 (D) 1 (log ?? 1 + 6 log ?? 1.017453 … ?? What happened? (A) The calculator made a rounding error. Using the trapezoidal rule with 4 subintervals.Q4.5 + 4 log ?? 2 + 5 log ?? 2.5 + 3 log ?? 3) 2 A student (not in NSW) is using technology in their exam to calculate a limit.5 + 4 log ?? 2 + 10 log ?? 2. Q5.5 + 3 log ?? 3) 4 (C) 1 (log ?? 1 + 3 log ?? 1. Their calculator tells them that lim ??→0 sin ?? = 0. Question 6 on the next page 4 . (D) The calculator is in gradiens.5 + 4 log ?? 2 + 5 log ?? 2. (B) The calculator is in degrees. which expression gives the approximate area under the curve ?? = ?? log ?? ?? between ?? = 1 and ?? = 3 (A) 1 (log ?? 1 + 6 log ?? 1. (C) The calculator is in radians.

(A) Day 15 (B) Day 16 (C) Day 31 (D) Day 32 The solution to 3?? 2 + 7?? > 6 is (A) 1 1 − < ?? < − 2 3 (B) 1 1 ?? < − . ?? > − 2 3 (C) ?? < −3. During which day does the population first start to decrease? Q7.Q6.1??). where ?? is the sea monkey population and ?? is the time in days. A population of sea monkeys is observed to fluctuate according to the equation ???? ???? = 40 sin(0. ?? > (D) −3 < ?? < 2 3 2 3 Question 8 on the next page 5 .

NOT TO SCALE determine the value of ?? which satisfies the condition: ?? � ??(??)???? = 8 −6 (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 14 Question 9 on the next page 6 .Q8. Using the graph of ?? = ??(??) below.

What is the maximum value of the displacement x? Q10. When ?? = 0. A particle is moving along the ??-axis.5 m (B) 25. (A) 12. The graph shows its velocity ?? metres per second at time ?? seconds.0 m (D) 47. the displacement ?? is equal to 5 metres.0 m (C) 30.Q9.5 m The derivative of ?? = ?? ?? is (A) ?? ∙ ?? ??−1 (B) (1 + log ?? ??) ∙ ?? ?? (C) 2?? ∙ ?? ?? (D) (?? log ?? ??) ∙ ?? ?? End of Section I 7 .

Section II – Short Answer 90 marks Question 11 (15 marks) Commence on a NEW page. 1 − √3 Marks (a) Rationalise the denominator (b) Derive the value (c) Solve | 2?? + 1 | > 6 2 (d) Sketch the region defined by the intersection of the inequalities: 3 lim ??→3 2 5 − √3 ?? 3 − 27 ?? 2 − 9 2 ?? ≥ (?? − 1)3 ?? ≤ �1 − ?? 2 (e) Differentiate ?? = 4?? 3 − √?? (f) Find (g) Evaluate 2 2 � ???? ?? 2 � sin 2?? ???? 2 � �?? 3 − ?? 0 End of Question 11 8 .

??(0.Question 12 (15 marks) (a) (b) (c) Commence on a NEW page. i) Show that the line passing through points A and B is ?? − 5?? − 1 = 0 1 ii) Find the distance AB. 1 iii) Find the area of the triangle Δ??????. Marks The points ??(−4. −1). ??(6. 3 Differentiate: i) ?? = cos(7 − ?? 4 ) 2 ii) ?? = log e 2?? + 1 ?? − 1 2 Find: i) � 3?? −5?? ???? 2 ii) � ?? 2 �1 − √??� ???? 2 iii) � 6?? ???? −1 2 ?? 2 End of Question 12 9 .5) are defined in the Cartesian plane. 1).

Sketch the parabola Marks 4 ?? 2 + 8?? − 2?? + 25 = 0 clearly showing the location of the vertex. 0 ≤ ?? ≤ 2??. and ∠?????? = 120°. (b) The diagram shows triangle ?????? with sides ???? = 6 cm. the focus point and the directrix. (c) For what values of ?? does the line ?? = 5?? + ?? intersect with the curve ?? = ?? 2 + 3? 3 (d) Solve the equation 4 sin2 ?? + 6 cosec 2 ?? = 11. 4 Find the exact value of tan ??.Question 13 (15 marks) (a) Commence on a NEW page. 4 End of Question 13 10 . ???? = 10 cm.

3 In the BBC television documentary “Inside the Factory”. He stated that.000 kg of yeast in the tank? 1 End of Question 14 11 . and ??0 is the initial amount of yeast put into the fermenter. ?? = ??0 ?? ???? where ?? is the mass of the yeast in kilograms at time ?? in hours.Question 14 (15 marks) Commence on a NEW page. 2 ii) What is the mass of the yeast in grams put into the vat at the beginning of the fermentation? 2 iii) At what rate is the yeast increasing when there is 12.000 kg capacity fermentation vat”. “it takes 2½ days to fill the 30. (a) (b) Marks Given the function ??(??) = 6?? 3 − ?? 4 i) Find the coordinates of the points where the curve crosses the axes 1 ii) Find the coordinates of the stationary points and determine their nature 4 iii) Find the coordinates of the points of inflexion 2 iv) Sketch the graph of ?? = ??(??). a production manager described the process of manufacturing bulk quantities of baker’s yeast. The growth of the yeast is modelled using the equation. clearly indicating the intercepts. i) Find the exact value of ?? that produces a doubling of mass every 3 hours. stationary points and points of inflexion. “the yeast doubles every 3 hrs” and that.

ii) Show that 1 1 � tan ?? ???? = −log ?? (cos ??) + ?? iii) Find the area bounded by ?? = ??(??). the ??-axis. 4 4 Find the volume of the solid of revolution between ?? = 0 and ?? = ??. 2 iii) At what times does the particle change direction? 1 ii) What is the total distance travelled in the first 2 seconds? 2 End of Question 15 12 . ?? = 0 and ?? = ??. (b) The acceleration of a particle travelling along the x-axis is given by the equation ??̈ = 6?? − 18 where ?? is the time in seconds. and the acceleration is measured in m/s2. (a) A function is defined: ⎧ ⎪ ⎪ ??(??) = tan ?? .Question 15 (15 marks) Commence on a NEW page. Marks ?? 4 ?? 3?? < ?? < 4 4 0 < ?? ≤ 3?? ≤ ?? ≤ ?? 4 i) Sketch the graph of ?? = ??(??). ⎨ ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ − tan ?? . 1. iv) The curve ?? = ??(??) is rotated about the ??-axis. The particle has an initial velocity of 15 m/s. i) Find the velocity at time ??.

The area of triangle AED is twice the area of the rectangle. 3 Question 16 continues on the next page 13 . i) Explain why ????: ???? = 4:3 2 ii) Prove that Δ?????? ||| Δ??????. ER is the altitude of the triangle AED. with intersection points X and Y as shown. (a) A triangle AED is constructed using the base of a rectangle ABCD. 3 iii) Hence or otherwise.Question 16 (15 marks) Commence on a NEW page. show that 4???? + 4???? = ????.

creating two circular cross sections in the sphere and the cone. Let the radius of the cross-section in the sphere be ???? and the radius of the cross-section in the cone. 14 . slices through the sphere and the cone. A second horizontal plane. 3 End of paper. height ℎ above the first plane. i) Show that for cross section of the sphere. ????2 = 2??ℎ − ℎ2 2 ii) Show that for the cross section of the cone ????2 = �?? − � ℎ 2 2 2 iii) Hence or otherwise find the height of the slicing plane which gives the maximum sum of cross-sectional areas. ???? .b) A sphere of radius ?? and a right circular cone with radius ?? at the base and height 2?? are sitting on a horizontal plane.