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PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No.

1612
ANTI-FENCING LAW OF 1979
WHEREAS, reports from law enforcement agencies reveal that there is rampant
robbery and thievery of government and private properties;
WHEREAS, such robbery and thievery have become profitable on the part of the
lawless elements because of the existence of ready buyers, commonly known as
fence, of stolen properties;lawphil.net
WHEREAS, under existing law, a fence can be prosecuted only as an accessory after
the fact and punished lightly;
WHEREAS, is imperative to impose heavy penalties on persons who profit by the
effects of the crimes of robbery and theft.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines by virtue
of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree as part
of the law of the land the following:
Section 1. Title. This decree shall be known as the Anti-Fencing Law.
Section 2. Definition of Terms. The following terms shall mean as follows:
(a) "Fencing" is the act of any person who, with intent to gain for himself or for
another, shall buy, receive, possess, keep, acquire, conceal, sell or dispose of, or
shall buy and sell, or in any other manner deal in any article, item, object or
anything of value which he knows, or should be known to him, to have been derived
from the proceeds of the crime of robbery or theft.

(e) The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period if such value is over five (5)
pesos but not exceeding 50 pesos.
(f) The penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period if such value does not exceed
5 pesos.
Section 4. Liability of Officials of Juridical Persons. If the fence is a partnership, firm,
corporation or association, the president or the manager or any officer thereof who
knows or should have known the commission of the offense shall be liable.
Section 5. Presumption of Fencing. Mere possession of any good, article, item,
object, or anything of value which has been the subject of robbery or thievery shall
be prima facie evidence of fencing.
Section 6. Clearance/Permit to Sell/Used Second Hand Articles. For purposes of this
Act, all stores, establishments or entities dealing in the buy and sell of any good,
article item, object of anything of value obtained from an unlicensed dealer or
supplier thereof, shall before offering the same for sale to the public, secure the
necessary clearance or permit from the station commander of the Integrated
National Police in the town or city where such store, establishment or entity is
located. The Chief of Constabulary/Director General, Integrated National Police shall
promulgate such rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of this section. Any
person who fails to secure the clearance or permit required by this section or who
violates any of the provisions of the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder
shall upon conviction be punished as a fence. lawphi1.net
Section 7. Repealing Clause. All laws or parts thereof, which are inconsistent with
the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
Section 8. Effectivity. This Decree shall take effect upon approval.

(b) "Fence" includes any person, firm, association corporation or partnership or other
organization who/which commits the act of fencing.

Done in the City of Manila, this 2nd day of March, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen
hundred and seventy-nine.

Section 3. Penalties. Any person guilty of fencing shall be punished as hereunder
indicated:

RULES AND REGULATIONS TO CARRY OUT THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 6 OF
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1612, KNOWN AS THE ANTI-FENCING LAW.

(a) The penalty of prision mayor, if the value of the property involved is more than
12,000 pesos but not exceeding 22,000 pesos; if the value of such property exceeds
the latter sum, the penalty provided in this paragraph shall be imposed in its
maximum period, adding one year for each additional 10,000 pesos; but the total
penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty years. In such cases, the
penalty shall be termed reclusion temporal and the accessory penalty pertaining
thereto provided in the Revised Penal Code shall also be imposed.

Pursuant to Section 6 of Presidential Decree No. 1612, known as the Anti-Fencing
Law, the following rules and regulations are hereby promulgated to govern the
issuance of clearances/permits to sell used secondhand articles obtained from an
unlicensed dealer or supplier thereof:

(b) The penalty of prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the
value of the property robbed or stolen is more than 6,000 pesos but not exceeding
12,000 pesos.

I. Definition of Terms
1. "Used secondhand article" shall refer to any goods, article, item, object or
anything of value obtained from an unlicensed dealer or supplier, regardless of
whether the same has actually or in fact been used.

(c) The penalty of prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the
value of the property involved is more than 200 pesos but not exceeding 6,000
pesos.

2. "Unlicensed dealer/supplier" shall refer to any persons, partnership, firm,
corporation, association or any other entity or establishment not licensed by the
government to engage in the business of dealing in or of supplying the articles
defined in the preceding paragraph.

(d) The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correccional in its
minimum period, if the value of the property involved is over 50 pesos but not
exceeding 200 pesos.

3. "Store", "establishment" or "entity" shall be construed to include any individual
dealing in the buying and selling used secondhand articles, as defined in paragraph
hereof.

partnership or other entity. the Station Commander shall issue the clearance or permit sought. corporation. . (b) If after 15 days. In any case where any article is held in restraint.4. it shall appear that any of the articles in question is stolen property. 3. which are made integral parts of these rules and regulations. manager or other responsible officer-in-charge thereof. where the articles in his possession are to be sold or offered for sale. instead. 5. Duty to Procure Clearance or Permit 1. falsified or irregularly obtained. it shall be the duty of the Station Commander concerned to advise/notify the Commission on Audit of the case and comply with such procedure as may be proper under applicable existing laws. address and other pertinent circumstances of the president. require that the affidavit submitted be accompanied by other documents showing proof of legitimacy of the acquisition of the articles. within seventy-two (72) hours from receipt of the application. of which is fake. The Station Commander shall examine the documents attached to the application and may require the presentation of other additional documents. The Station Commanders concerned shall require the owner of a store or the president. In places where no newspapers are in general circulation. partnership. the name. A party required to secure a clearance or permit under these rules and regulations shall file an application therefor with the Station Commander concerned. (c) The place where the articles are presently deposited or kept in stock. The application. firm. post a notice daily for one week on the bulletin board of the municipal building of the town where the store. establishment or other entity seeking the clearance/permit. clearance/permit or the denial thereof. the said branch or subsidiary shall secure the required clearance or permit. "Buy and Sell" refer to the transaction whereby one purchases used secondhand articles for the purpose of resale to third persons. manager or responsible officer-in-charge of a firm. to show satisfactory proof of the legitimacy of acquisition of the article. In support of the application. if necessary. in case of an individual or. 4. including such other documents as may be pertinent in the implementation of Section 6 of P. at his discretion when the circumstances of each case warrant. subject to the following conditions: (a) If the legitimacy of acquisition of any article from an unlicensed source cannot be satisfactorily established by the documents presented. before expiration of the same period for publication of the notice or its posting. the names and addresses of the persons from whom they were acquired and shall state that such articles are to be sold or offered for sale to the public at the address of the store. No. no claim is made with respect to any of the articles enumerated in the notice. or the covering receipt. Any goods. establishment or entity dealing in the buying and selling of used secondhand articles is located. article. there shall be attached to it the corresponding receipt or other equivalent document to show proof of the legitimacy of acquisition of the article. which shall contain: (a) A complete inventory of such articles acquired daily from whatever source and the names and addresses of the persons from whom such articles were acquired. to submit an initial affidavit within thirty (30) days from receipt of notice for the purpose thereof and subsequent affidavits once every fifteen (15) days within five (5) days after the period covered. firm. The Station Commander concerned shall. (b) A full list of articles to be sold or offered for sale as well as the place where the date when the sale or offer for sale shall commence. No person shall sell or offer to sell to the public any used secondhand article as defined herein without first securing a clearance or permit for the purpose from the proper Station Commander of the Integrated National Police. or association or group of individuals. shall be presumed as having been acquired from an unlicensed dealer or supplier and the possessor or holder thereof must secure the required clearance or permit before the same can be sold or offered for sale to the public. firm. corporation. upon expiration of the period of publication or of the notice referred to in the preceding paragraph. the party seeking the clearance or permit shall. in the case of an individual. association or other establishment or entity has a branch or subsidiary and the used secondhand article is acquired by such branch or subsidiary for sale to the public. If a store. III. cause the publication of a notice in a newspaper of general circulation for two (2) successive days enumerating therein the articles acquired from an unlicensed dealer or supplier. (c) If. or equivalent document. rules and regulations. in the case of a firm. upon approval of the INP Superintendent in the district and at the expense of the party seeking the clearance/permit.D. II. corporation. 1612 shall be in the forms prescribed in Annexes "A". act thereon by either issuing the clearance/permit requested or denying the same. the Station Commander shall hold the article in restraint as evidence in any appropriate case to be filed. The Station Commander may. and "E" hereof. 2. establishment or other entity located within their respective jurisdictions and in possession of or having in stock used secondhand articles as defined herein. or object or anything of value acquired from any source for which no receipt or equivalent document evidencing the legality of its acquisition could be presented by the present possessor or holder thereof. address and other pertinent circumstances of the persons. "D". taking into account all considerations of right and justice in the case. The application shall state: (a) The name. "B". If the person seeking the clearance or permit is a partnership. establishment or entity concerned is located or. "Station Commander" shall refer to the Station Commander of the Integrated National Police within the territorial limits of the town or city district where the store. association. manager or officer-in-charge. Denial of an application shall be in writing and shall state in brief the reason/s therefor. 2. "C". Articles held in restraint shall be kept and disposed of as the circumstances of each case permit. 5. 4. item. 3. the clearance or permit shall be obtained by or in the name of the president. (b) The article to be sold or offered for sale to the public and the name and address of the unlicensed dealer or supplier from whom such article was acquired. the Station Commander shall. Procedure for Procurement of Clearances or Permits 1.

FOR THE CHIEF OF CONSTABULARY DIRECTOR-GENERAL. Penalties 1. 4. The appeal against the decision taken by a Commander lower than the INP Director-General should be filed to the next higher Commander within ten (10) days from receipt of notice of the decision. The decision of the INP Director-General should be appealed within fifteen (15) days from receipt of notice of the decision. The Commission on Audit shall. 2. whether articles are kept in possession or stock contrary to the intents of Section 6 of P.D. reports emanating from the different levels of the Integrated National Police shall be accompanied with full and accurate inventories of the articles acquired from unlicensed dealers or suppliers and proposed to be sold or offered for sale in the jurisdictions covered by the report. INP: BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. The decision of the INP Director may also be appealed to the INP Director-General whose decision may likewise be appealed to the Minister of National Defense. 22 AN ACT PENALIZING THE MAKING OR DRAWING AND ISSUANCE OF A CHECK WITHOUT SUFFICIENT FUNDS OR CREDIT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. 1612 or any of its implementing rules and regulations or who. having sufficient funds in or credit with the drawee bank when he makes or draws and issues a check. No. establishment or other entity or of an individual having in his premises articles to be sold or offered for sale to the public to allow the Station Commander or his authorized representative to exercise visitorial powers. Articles obtained from unlicensed sources for sale or offered for sale without prior compliance with the provisions of Section 6 of P. Appeals VII. No. (b) Submit a full report to the INP District Superintendent on the number of applications for clearances or permits processed by his office. having been published in a newspaper of national circulation. Other Duties Imposed Upon Station Commanders and INP District Superintendent and Directors Following Action on Applications for Clearances or Permits Any party aggrieved by the action taken by the Station Commander may elevate the decision taken in the case to the proper INP District Superintendent and. shall be prosecuted criminally without prejudice to the imposition of administrative penalties.6. if he is still dissatisfied therewith may take the same on appeal to the INP Director. Articles for which no satisfactory evidence of legitimacy of acquisition is established and which are found to be stolen property shall likewise be held under restraint and shall. These implementing rules and regulations. establishment or the entity concerned. store. No. Section 1. the same is not claimed by their legitimate owners. Any person who fails to secure the clearance or permit required by Section 6 of P.Any person who makes or draws and issues any check to apply on account or for value. manager or responsible officer-in-charge of any firm. For this purpose. no fee shall be charged. it shall be the duty of the Station Commander concerned to: (a) Make and maintain a file in his office of all clearances/permit issued by him. The report shall state the reasons for denial of an application and the corresponding follow-up actions taken and shall be accompanied by an inventory of the articles to be sold or offered for sale in his jurisdiction. At the end of each month. Checks without sufficient funds. without any valid reason. knowing at the time of issue that he does not have sufficient funds in or credit with the drawee bank for the payment of such check in full upon its presentment. the power to conduct visitations shall be exercise only during office or business hours and upon authority in writing from and by the INP Superintendent in the district and for the sole purpose of determining 1. IV. 5. in all cases. If. 1612 or who violates any of the provisions of these rules and regulations shall upon conviction be punished as a fence. . 4. chan robles virtual law library The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who. in turn submit quarterly reports to the appropriate INP Director containing a consolidation of the information stated in the reports of Station Commanders in his jurisdiction. Integrated National Police.D. Reports from INP District Superintendent shall serve as basis for a consolidated report to be submitted semi-annually by INP Directors to the Director-General. In all cases. VI. on the basis of the reports submitted by the Station Commander. ordered the bank to stop payment.D. however.D. 1979. be notified. For the issuance of clearances/permit required under Section 6 of P. furthermore. shall fail to keep sufficient funds or to maintain a credit to cover the full amount of the . or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the court. connives with or through his negligence or inaction makes possible the commission of such violations by any party required to comply with the law and its implementing rules and regulations. which check is subsequently dishonored by the drawee bank for insufficiency of funds or credit or would have been dishonored for the same reason had not the drawer. upon termination of the case. the article/s shall be forfeited in favor of the government and made subject to disposition as the circumstances warrant in accordance with applicable existing laws. 3. in any manner whatsoever. Any personnel of the Integrated National Police found violating the provisions of Section 6 of P. Visitorial Power It shall be the duty of the owner of the store or of the president. rules and regulations. The INP Director-General shall recommend to the proper authority the cancellation of the business license of the erring individual. 1612 and with these rules and regulations shall be held in restraint until satisfactory evidence or legitimacy of acquisition has been established. 3. The INP District Superintendent shall. be subject to confiscation as evidence in the appropriate case to be filed. The decision of the Minister of National Defense on the case shall be final. shall be punished by imprisonment of not less than thirty days but not more than one (1) year or by a fine of not less than but not more than double the amount of the check which fine shall in no case exceed Two Hundred Thousand Pesos. No. 1612 and of these rules and regulations. 2.D. 1612. indicating therein the number of clearances/permits issued and the number of applications denied. V. shall take effect on June 15.

trailers and traction engines of all kinds used exclusively for agricultural purposes. "repainting". Registration of motor vehicle engine. "defacing or tampering with". or by means of violence against or intimidation of persons. engine block and chassis. for which reason it is dishonored by the drawee bank. .check if presented within a period of ninety (90) days from the date appearing thereon. Permanent registry of motor vehicle engines. shall be prima facie evidence of the making or issuance of said check. "motor vehicle". and cranes if not used on public highways. printed. shall be understood.It shall be the duty of the drawee of any check. Trailers having any number of wheels. of a motor vehicle belonging to another without the latter's consent.lawphi1™ "Defacing or tampering with" a serial number is the erasing.The word "credit" as used herein shall be construed to mean an arrangement or understanding with the bank for the payment of such check. Sec. 4. or attached thereto. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Anti-Carnapping Act of 1972. Sec. but excepting road rollers. . drawing and issuance of a check payment of which is refused by the drawee because of insufficient funds in or credit with such bank. graders. rules of evidence.Prosecution under this Act shall be without prejudice to any liability for violation of any provision of the Revised Penal Code. "Body-building" is a job undertaken on a motor vehicle in order to replace its entire body with a new body. All owners of motor vehicles in all cities and municipalities are required to register their cars with the local police without paying any charges. 6. "Motor vehicle" is any vehicle propelled by any power other than muscular power using the public highways. the person or persons who actually signed the check in behalf of such drawer shall be liable under this Act. when refusing to pay the same to the holder thereof upon presentment. amphibian trucks. sprinklers. Sec. which run only on rails or tracks. company or entity. . "body-building". engine blocks and chassis not registered with the Land Transportation Commission shall be considered as untaxed importation or coming from an illegal source or carnapped. all motor vehicle engines. to mean "Carnapping" is the taking. Effectivity. The Land Transportation Commission shall keep a permanent registry of motor vehicle engines. with intent to gain. shall be prima facie evidence of knowledge of such insufficiency of funds or credit unless such maker or drawer pays the holder thereof the amount due thereon. Whenever any motor vehicle is found to have a serial number on its motor engine. when presented within ninety (90) days from the date of the check. and tractors. Sec.lawphi1™ "Dismantling" is the tearing apart. and shall be confiscated in favor of the Government. as used in this Act. "Overhauling" is the cleaning or repairing of the whole engine of a motor vehicle by separating the motor engine and its parts from the body of the motor vehicle. trolley cars. engine block or chassis which is different from that which is listed in the records of the Bureau of Customs for motor vehicles imported into the Philippines. REPUBLIC ACT No. vehicles. of a motor vehicle. Duty of drawee. engine blocks and chassis.This Act shall take effect fifteen days after publication in the Official Gazette. Copies of the registry and of all entries made thereon shall be furnished the Philippine Constabulary and all Land Transportation . 2. "Remodeling" is the introduction of some changes in the shape or form of the body of the motor vehicle. shall be classified as separate motor vehicle with no power rating. In all prosecutions under this Act. Sec. respectively." Section 2. 7. engine block and chassis in his name or in the name of the real owner who shall be readily available to answer any claim over the registered motor vehicle engine. The terms "carnapping". engine block or chassis. Definition of terms. the reason for drawee's dishonor or refusal to pay the same: Provided. Liability under the Revised Penal Code. and "overhauling". and that the same was properly dishonored for the reason written. "remodeling". Section 3. . stamped or attached by the drawee on such dishonored check.The making. every owner or possessor of unregistered motor vehicle or parts thereof in knock down condition shall register with the Land Transportation Commission the motor vehicle engine. having the drawee's refusal to pay stamped or written thereon or attached thereto. altering or changing of the original factory-inscribed serial number on the motor vehicle engine. or by using force upon things. Separability clause. with the reason therefor as aforesaid. Notwithstanding receipt of an order to stop payment. engine block or chassis of any motor vehicle. Section 4. 5. . "dismantling". scratching. make and serial numbers and stating therein the names and addresses of their present and previous owners. the remaining provisions shall continue to be in force. or makes arrangements for payment in full by the drawee of such check within (5) banking days after receiving notice that such check has not been paid by the drawee. Within one year after the approval of this Act. That where there are no sufficient funds in or credit with such drawee bank. and the due presentment to the drawee for payment and the dishonor thereof. the drawee shall state in the notice that there were no sufficient funds in or credit with such bank for the payment in full of such check. lawn mowers.If any separable provision of this Act be declared unconstitutional. if such be the fact. to cause to be written. Sec. Evidence of knowledge of insufficient funds. Thereafter. or stamped in plain language thereon. bulldozers. that motor vehicle shall be considered to have a defaced or tampered with serial number. Where the check is drawn by a corporation. fork-lifts. such fact shall always be explicitly stated in the notice of dishonor or refusal. when propelled or intended to be propelled by attachment to a motor vehicle. 3. 6539 AN ACT PREVENTING AND PENALIZING CARNAPPING Section 1. street-sweepers. specifying therein their type. the introduction in evidence of any unpaid and dishonored check. engine blocks and chassis of all motor vehicles. . There is repainting whenever the new color of a motor vehicle is different from its color as registered in the Land Transportation Commission. Credit construed. piece by piece or part by part. "Repainting" is changing the color of a motor vehicle by means of painting.

transfer. chassis or body. and the complete list of the spare parts of the motor vehicle to be assembled or rebuilt together with the names and addresses of the sources thereof. make and serial numbers. Any person engaged in the importation. motor vehicle engine. Any person seeking the original registration of a motor vehicle. Registration of sale. engine block and chassis or body. irrespective of the value of motor vehicle taken. stating therein their type. chassis or body manufactured. Any person who shall undertake to assemble or rebuild or cause the assembly or rebuilding of a motor vehicle shall first secure a certificate of clearance from the Philippine Constabulary: Provided. make a report of the shipment to the Land Transportation Commission. chassis or bodies transported by it for the motor vehicle. Any person who violates any provisions of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment for not less than two years nor more than six years and a fine equal in amount to the acquisition cost of the motor vehicle. make and serial numbers of the engine. and shall render an accurate monthly report of his transactions in motor vehicles to the Land Transportation Commission. engine blocks and chassis. as this term is defined in Section two of this Act. Section 7. rules and regulations. chassis or body shall cause the numbering of every engine block. Any government official or employee who directly commits the unlawful acts defined in this Act or is guilty of gross negligence of duty or connives with or permits the commission of any of the said unlawful act shall. within seven days after the arrival of the imported motor vehicle or any of its parts enumerated herein.Commission regional. Motor vehicles assembled and rebuilt or repaired by replacement with motor vehicle engines. the penalty herein provided shall be imposed on its president or secretary and/or members of the board of directors or any of its officers and employees who may have directly participated in the violation. Every sale. whether that motor vehicle is newly assembled or rebuilt or acquired from a registered owner. or force upon things. Defacing or tampering with serial numbers of motor vehicle engines. Upon presentation of the certificate of clearance from the Philippine Constabulary and after verification of the registration of the motor vehicle engine. and buying and selling of motor vehicles. chassis or body manufactured in a convenient and conspicuous part thereof which the Land Transportation Commission may direct for the purpose of uniformity and identification of the factory and shall submit to the Land Transportation Commission a monthly report of the manufacture and sale of engine blocks. Section 5. conveyance. the Land Transportation Commission shall register the motor vehicle in accordance with existing laws. Section 6. engine blocks and chassis not registered with the Land Transportation Commission shall not be issued certificates of registration and shall be considered as untaxed imported motor vehicles or motor vehicles carnapped or proceeding from illegal sources. engine block. engine blocks. Clearance and permit required for assembly or rebuilding of motor vehicles. Section 10. make and serial numbers. which office shall in turn furnish the Land Transportation Commission the pertinent data concerning the motor vehicle engines including their type. shall. engine block or chassis. verify if the motor vehicle or its numbered parts are in the list of carnapped motor vehicles or stolen motor vehicle parts. specifying the make. motor vehicle engines. Penalty for Carnapping. and the penalty of life . Section 12. chassis or body to cause numbering of engine blocks. Any person engaged in the manufacture of engine blocks. motor vehicle engine or any other part involved in the violation: Provided. chassis or body until it is numbered by the Land Transportation Commission. In the case of motor vehicle engines to be mounted on motor boats. provincial and city branch offices: Provided. and by imprisonment for not less than seventeen years and four months and not more than thirty years. If the motor vehicle or any of its numbered parts is not in that list. vessels or ships shall within seven days submit a report to the Philippine Constabulary on all motor vehicle. motor vehicle engines. motor bancas and other light water vessels. apply to the Philippine Constabulary for clearance of the motor vehicle for registration with the Land Transportation Commission. Section 9. motor vehicle engines. the applicant shall secure a permit from the Philippine Coast Guard. shall. be dismissed from the service with prejudice to his reinstatement and with disqualification from voting or being voted for in any election and from appointment to any public office. when the carnapping is committed by means of violence against or intimidation of any person. Duty of manufacturers of engine blocks. type and serial numbers. chassis or body to be loaded on board the launch. Section 8. and the names and addresses of the persons from whom they were acquired and the names and addresses of the persons to whom they were sold. The Philippine Constabulary shall. if any. if any. engine blocks. in addition to the penalty prescribed in the preceding paragraph. the Philippine Constabulary shall forthwith issue a certificate of clearance. substitution or replacement of a motor vehicle engine. the Collector of Customs concerned shall hold the motor vehicle engine. Penal Provisions. be punished by imprisonment for not less than fourteen years and eight months and not more than seventeen years and four months. That if the person violating any provision of this Act is a juridical person. boat vessel or ship. Original Registration of motor vehicles. engine blocks. conveyance. chassis or body. Section 11. The Collector of Customs of a principal port of entry where an imported motor vehicle. If the motor vehicle engine. Any person who is found guilty of carnapping. Duty of Collector of Customs to report arrival of imported motor vehicle. engine block and chassis in the permanent registry of motor vehicle engines. engine block. upon receipt of the application. chassis and body. It shall be unlawful for any person to deface or otherwise tamper with the original or registered serial number of motor vehicle engines. Duty of importers. transfer. and stating the names and addresses of the owner or consignee thereof. of the motor vehicle engine. engine block or chassis of a motor vehicle shall be registered with the Land Transportation Commission. provincial and city branch offices are likewise obliged to furnish copies of all registration of motor vehicles to the main office and to the Philippine Constabulary. chassis or body does not bear any serial number. Section 14. That no such permit shall be issued unless the applicant shall present a statement under oath containing the type. Section 13. Clearance required for shipment of motor vehicles. boats. engine block. chassis or body. shall keep a permanent record of his stocks. shall within one week after the completion of the assembly or rebuilding job or the acquisition thereof from the registered owner. motor vehicle engine. engine blocks and chassis. distribution. engine blocks and chassis. or force upon things. when the carnapping is committed without violence or intimidation of persons. etc. Any person who owns or operates interisland shipping or any water transportation with launches. That all Land Transportation Commission regional. substitution or replacement of a motor vehicle engine. distributors and sellers of motor vehicles to keep record of stocks. engine block chassis or body is unloaded.

Any rice mill. If committed with intent to gain. airport. Any hospital. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. growing crop. driver or occupant of the carnapped motor vehicle is killed in the commission of the carnapping. Prima Facie evidence of Arson. the current law on arson suffers from certain inadequacies that impede the successful enforcement and prosecution of arsonists. The offense is committed by a syndicate if its is planned or carried out by a group of three (3) or more persons. If the offender is motivated by spite or hatred towards the owner or occupant of the property burned. Any person who burns or sets fire to the property of another shall be punished by Prision Mayor. and 5. Any person who voluntarily gives information leading to the recovery of carnapped vehicles and for the conviction of the persons charged with carnapping shall be given as reward so much reward money as the Philippine Constabulary may fix. 2. education or social services. Other Cases of Arson. 6. The same penalty shall be imposed when a person sets fire to his own property under circumstances which expose to danger the life or property of another. 4. If by reason of or on the occasion of the arson death results. Effectivity. rules and regulations.imprisonment to death shall be imposed when the owner. oil well or mine shaft. the following: Section 1. farm. The Philippine Constabulary is authorized to include in its annual budget the amount necessary to carry out the purposes of this section. Separability clause. NOW. If committed for the benefit of another. WHEREAS. sugar mill. Section 16. 1613 AMENDING THE LAW ON ARSON WHEREAS. Section 3. If committed by a syndicate. 3. Any archive. platform or tunnel. grain field. whether used as a dwelling or not. findings of the police and intelligence agencies of the government reveal that fires and other crimes involving destruction in Metro Manila and other urban centers in the country are being perpetrated by criminal syndicates. Section 6. by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution. dormitory. Any of the following circumstances shall constitute prima facie evidence of arson: 1. 5. wharf or warehouse. shopping center. some of which have foreign connections. Any building used as offices of the government or any of its agencies. or any edifice devoted to culture. Special Aggravating Circumstances in Arson. museum. WHEREAS. it is imperative that the high incidence of fires and other crimes involving destruction be prevented to protect the national economy and preserve the social. I. lodging house. cane mill or mill central. THEREFORE. situated in a populated or congested area. Where Death Results from Arson. the provisions thereof not affected by such declaration shall remain in force and effect. or parts thereof. Any building where evidence is kept for use in any legislative. The penalty in any case of arson shall be imposed in its maximum period. Section 2. Reward. Section 17. pastureland. Section 4. hotel. MARCOS. bamboo grove or forest. 2. Any church or place of worship or other building where people usually assemble. orchard. Arson. Any building. If any provisions of this Act is declared invalid. shipyard. 4. housing tenement. 4. economic and political stability of the country. the penalty of Reclusion Perpetua to death shall be imposed. If the fire started simultaneously in more than one part of the building or establishment. All laws. Any ammunition factory and other establishment where explosives. inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or amended accordingly. Destructive Arson. Section 5. do hereby order and decree as part of the law of the land. Section 15. Any information given by informers shall be treated as confidential matter. inflammable or combustible materials are stored. Repealing clause. administrative or other official proceedings. Any plantation. 4. Aliens. Any railway or bus station. President of the Philippines. FERDINAND E. 2. 3. or conveyance for transportation of persons or property 4. public or private market. theater or movie house or any similar place or building. The penalty of Reclusion Temporal to Reclusion Perpetua shall be imposed if the property burned is any of the following: Section 19. Section 18. Any inhabited house or dwelling. executive orders. 3. vessel or watercraft. whether public or private. Any train. judicial. Aliens convicted under the provisions of this Act shall be deported immediately after service of sentence without further proceedings by the Deportation Board. The penalty of Reclusion Temporal in its maximum period to Reclusion Perpetua shall be imposed if the property burned is any of the following: 1. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1. airplane or any aircraft. Any industrial establishment. 1. .

Repealing Clause. whether natural or juridical. or electronic contrivance designed to start a fire. make or cause to be made any connection with overhead lines. make or cause to be made any connection to the existing electric service facilities of any duly registered consumer without the latter's or the electric utility's consent or authority. stocked. with or without the use of a motor vehicle or other means of conveyance. pole. possess or otherwise keep in his premises. whether or not the act is done for profit or gain. to: (a) Tap. Section 7. a substantial portion of the effects insured and stored in a building or property had been withdrawn from the premises except in the ordinary course of business. without first securing a clearance/permit for the said purpose from its owner or the National Power Corporation (NPC) or its regional office concerned. Section 10. The building which is the object of arson including the land on which it is situated shall be confiscated and escheated to the State.(a) It is hereby declared unlawful for any person to: (1) Cut. air or sea. Theft of Electric Power Transmission Lines and Materials. or any other installation or place of installation or any other place or site where it may be rightfully or lawfully stored. public or private. If shortly before the fire. slice. or ashes or traces of any of the foregoing are found in the ruins or premises of the burned building or property. This Decree shall take effect immediately upon publication thereof at least once in a newspaper of general circulation. shorting or shunting wire. wire or conduit or allow any of them to be so damaged or destroyed as to interfere with the proper or accurate metering of electric current. any electric power transmission line/material or meter from a tower. jumper. kept. whether or not the act is done for profit or gain. pole. unless the owner thereof can prove that he has no participation in nor knowledge of such arson despite the exercise of due diligence on his part. or any mechanical. custody or control. . . separate. carry. 3. without the consent of the owner. equipment. If the building or property is insured for substantially more than its actual value at the time of the issuance of the policy. carry away or remove or transfer. If a demand for money or other valuable consideration was made before the fire in exchange for the desistance of the offender or for the safety of the person or property of the victim. inventoried. (2) Take. Section 8. as the case may be. severe. any electric power transmission line/material or meter without the consent of the owner. whether or not the act is done for profit or gain. "electrical power transmission line/material" refers to electric power transmission steel towers. install or use a tampered electrical meter. and (4) Load. (b). (c). Confiscation of Object of Arson. Conspiracy to commit Arson. deposited.2. any electrical power transmission line/material. insulators. situated or located without the consent of the owner.1awphil@alf Section 3. split. executive orders. stocked. Conspiracy to commit arson shall be punished by Prision Mayor in its minimum period.This Act shall be referred to as the "Anti-electricity and Electric Transmission Lines/Materials Pilferage Act of 1994. 4. situated or located. rules and regulations. whether by land." Section 2. 5. (d) Damage or destroy an electric meter. or other electric service wires. woodpoles. kerosene. Short Title. smelt. . The provisions of Articles 320 to 326-B of the Revised Penal Code and all laws. saw. RATIONALIZING SYSTEM LOSSES BY PHASING OUT PILFERAGE LOSSES AS A COMPONENT THEREOF.1awphil@alf (b) Tap. loop connection or any other device which interferes with the proper or accurate registry or metering of electric current or otherwise results in its diversion in a manner whereby electricity is stolen or wasted. If during the lifetime of the corresponding fire insurance policy more than two fires have occurred in the same or other premises owned or under the control of the offender and/or insured. inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed or amended accordingly. service drops. Section 9. such as the following: (1) Steel transmission line towers made of galvanized steel angular members and plates or creosoted and/or lannelized woodpoles/ concrete poles and designed to carry and support the conductors. cables. electrical conductors and other related items with a minimum voltage of sixty-nine kilovolts (69 kv). line hardwares. or parts thereof. (3) Store. Effectivity. any other installation or place of installation. . (b) For purposes of this section. 6. current reversing transformer. 1994 AN ACT PENALIZING THE PILFERAGE OF ELECTRICITY AND THEFT OF ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION LINES/MATERIALS. or any place or site where it may be rightfully or lawfully stored. If substantial amount of flammable substances or materials are stored within the building note necessary in the business of the offender nor for household us. ship or move from one place to another. 7832 December 8. electrical. kept. If gasoline. whether or not the act is done for profit or gain. or remove any electric power transmission line/material or meter from a tower. 4. chemical. wires. Illegal Use of Electricity. AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:: Section 1. inventoried. deposited. petroleum or other flammable or combustible substances or materials soaked therewith or containers thereof. (c) Tamper. Republic Act No.It is hereby declared unlawful for any person. without previous authority or consent of the private electric utility or rural electric cooperative concerned. and (d) above. and (e) Knowingly use or receive the direct benefit of electric service obtained through any of the acts mentioned in subsections (a).

"differential billing" shall refer to the amount to be charged to the person concerned for the unbilled electricity illegally consumed by him as determined through the use of methodologies which utilize. (vi). . Incentives. as basis for determining the amount of monthly electric consumption in kilowatt-hours to be billed. or its metering accessories. furthermore. altered or tampered meter recording chart or graph. he shall. and (3) the lifting of any temporary restraining order or injunction which may have been issued against a private electric utility or rural electric cooperative: (i) The presence of a bored hole on the glass cover of the electric meter. (iii). . when the owner of the house or establishment concerned or someone acting in his behalf shall have been caught en flagrante delicto doing any of the acts enumerated in Section 4(a) hereof. Disconnection of Electric Service. sugar and other elements that could result in the inaccurate registration of the meter's internal parts to prevent its accurate registration of consumption of electricity. That the discovery of any of the foregoing circumstances. or at the back or any other part of said meter. and shall be the basis for: (1) the immediate disconnection by the electric utility to such person after due notice. That in the second case. or log. as the case may be: Provided. (c) the higher consumption between the average consumptions before or after the highest drastic drop in consumption within the five-year billing period preceding the discovery. either: (a) the highest recorded monthly consumption within the five-year billing period preceding the time of the discovery.000) shall be given to any person who shall report to the NPC or police authorities any act which may constitute a violation of Section 3 hereof. and accessories. transmission or distribution of electric power. or (e) the result of the ERB test during the time of discovery and.The private electric utility or rural electric cooperative concerned shall have the right and authority to disconnect immediately the electric service after serving a written notice or warning to that effect. (2) the holding of a preliminary investigation by the prosecutor and the subsequent filing in court of the pertinent information. (vi) The mutilation. without prejudice to any criminal. finally. reconnection. (iv) The presence of a tampered. broken. upon final judgment. which amount shall likewise be creditable against immediate future billings. alteration. or attempt to destroy. by the person benefitted thereby. That the electric service shall not be immediately disconnected or shall be immediately restored upon the deposit of the amount representing the differential billing by the person denied the service. or computerized chart. Section 5. (iii) The existence of any wiring connection which affects the normal operation or registration of the electric meter. (ii). without the need of a court or administrative order. 3. further. (3). conductors. control or custody thereof. with legal interest thereon chargeable against the private utility or rural electric cooperative. graph. Aluminum conductor steel reinforced (ACSR) in excess of one hundred (100) (3) Overhead ground wires made of 7 strands of galvanized steel wires. (vii) The destruction of. as basis for determining the period to be recovered by the differential billing either: (1) the time when the electric service of the person . shorting and/or shunting wire. as defined in this Act. civil or administrative action that such person may be entitled to file under existing laws. or when any of the circumstances so enumerated shall have been discovered for the second time: Provided. (b) The possession or custody of electric power transmission line/material by any person. (iv). not engaged in the transformation. (v) The presence in any part of the building or its premises which is subject to the control of the consumer or on the electric meter. among others. disconnection. ground wires. shall issue the necessary guidelines for the proper implementation of this incentive scheme within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this Act. or (vii) hereof: Provided. (ii) The presence inside the electric meter of salt.08 millimeters in diameter and designed to protect the electrical conductors from lightning strikes. transformers. or in the manufacture of such electric power transmission line/material shall be prima facie evidence that such line/material is the fruit of the offense defined in Section 3 hereof and therefore such line/material may be confiscated from the person in possession. or fake seal on the meter. That if the court finds the same person guilty of such illegal use of electricity. (4) Insulators made of porcelain or glass shell and designed to insulate the electrical conductors from steel towers or woodpoles. of a current reversing transformer. natural or juridical. jumper.(2) MCM. with the private electric utility or rural electric cooperative concerned or with the competent court. in order to constitute prima facie evidence. or mutilated. however. (v). . in consultation with the NPC. and (viii) The acceptance of money and/or other valuable consideration by any officer of employee of the electric utility concerned or the making of such an offer to any such officer or employee for not reporting the presence of any of the circumstances enumerated in subparagraphs (i). must be personally witnessed and attested to by an officer of the law or a duly authorized representative of the Energy Regulatory Board (ERB).1awphil© Section 4.(a) The presence of any of the following circumstances shall constitute prima facie evidence of illegal use of electricity. The Department of Energy (DOE). be made to pay the electric utility or rural electric cooperative concerned double the value of the estimated electricity illegally used which is referred to in this section as differential billing. (d) the highest recorded monthly consumption within four (4) months after the time of discovery. For purposes of this Act. and/or loop connection or any other similar device. (b) the estimated monthly consumption as per the report of load inspection conducted during the time of discovery. and (4) above for the safe and reliable operation of the transmission lines. any integral accessory of the metering device box which encases an electric meter. Section 6. and (5) Various transmission line hardwares and materials made of aluminum alloy or malleable steel and designed to interconnect the towers.An incentive scheme by way of a monetary reward in the minimum amount of Five thousand pesos (P5. and deny restoration of the same. That if the court finds that illegal use of electricity has not been committed by the same person. rules and regulations: Provided. the amount deposited shall be credited against future billings. Prima Facie Evidence. and insulators mentioned in subparagraphs (1). a written notice or warning shall have been issued upon the first discovery: Provided. and the utility or cooperative shall be made to immediately pay such person double the value of the payment or deposit with legal interest. (2). bypassing or tampering of instruments.

(c) Provision common to violations of Section 2 and Section 3 hereof. (c) Third and subsequent apprehensions. such injunction or restraining order shall be effective only upon the filing of a bond with the court. if granted. and forthwith be dismissed and perpetually disqualified from employment in any public or private utility or service company. submit a report to the Supreme Court setting forth in detail the grounds or reason for its order. power sold by the NPC or any other entity that supplies power directly to a . shall be dissolved upon filing by the public utility of a counterbond similar in form and amount as that above required: Provided.000) or both at the discretion of the court. on the bills of any consumer apprehended for tampering with his electric meter/metering facility installed on his premises. any of the other acts as enumerated is also committed. unless there is prima facie evidence that the disconnection was made with evident bad faith or grave abuse of authority. or (2) when there was a change in his service connection such as a change of meter. upon conviction. finally. or in connivance with an officer or employee of the electric utility concerned. be punished with a penalty one (1) degree higher than the penalty provided herein.000) to Twenty thousand pesos (P20. a court issues an injunction or restraining order. . Section 8. including a government-owned or -controlled corporation. That such period shall. notwithstanding the provisions of this section.000) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100. That whenever such injunction is granted. the electric utility concerned which shall have knowingly permitted or having knowledge of its commission shall have failed to prevent the same. and (a) First apprehension. That in the calculation of the system loss. (b) and Section 7. . Rationalization of System Losses by Phasing out Pilferage Losses as a Component Thereof . at the discretion of the court. within ten (10) days from its issuance. such officer or employee shall. private electric utility or rural electric cooperative concerned. That such injunction or restraining order shall automatically be refused or. and forthwith be dismissed and perpetually disqualified from employment in any public or private utility or service company and from holding any public office. in addition to the value of the electricity pilfered. manager and each of the officers thereof who shall have knowingly permitted. change of seal or reconnection. firm. be lower than nine percent (9%) and accordingly fix the date of the effectivity of the new caps: Provided.If the offense is committed by. .concerned recorded an abrupt or abnormal drop in consumption.One hundred percent (100%) of the current bill as surcharge. The term 'apprehension' as used herein shall be understood to mean the discovery of the presence of any of the circumstances enumerated in Section 4 hereof in the establishment or outfit of the consumer concerned. however.(a) Violation of Section 2. Provided.Fifty percent (50%) of the current bill as surcharge. failed to prevent or was otherwise responsible for the commission of the offense. (iv) Nine and a half-percent (9 1/2%) at the end of the fourth year following the effectivity of this Act. whether the caps herein or theretofore established shall be reduced further which shall.A private electric utility or rural electric cooperative may impose surcharges. The private electric utility or rural electric cooperative is authorized to discontinue the electric service in case the consumer is in arrears in the payment of the above imposed surcharges. an officer or employee of the power company. and other means of illicit usage of electricity found installed in the premises of the consumer. (i) Fourteen and a half percent (14 1/2%) at the end of the first year following the effectivity of this Act.Twenty five percent (25%) of the current bill as surcharge. in no case. corporation. shall be imposed on any person found guilty of violating Section 3 hereof. . as well as other violations of contract like direct connection. No writ of injunction or restraining order shall be used by any court against any private electric utility or rural electric cooperative exercising the right and authority to disconnect electric service as provided in this Act. shall be made to pay a fine not exceeding triple the amount of the 'differential billing' subject to the discretion of the courts. . be punished with a penalty one (1) degree higher than the penalty provided herein. or in connivance with. Second apprehension. which shall be in the form of cash or cashier's check equivalent to the "differential billing. the penalty shall be imposed on the president. If the offense is committed by. be less than one (1) year preceding the date of discovery of the illegal use of electricity. . the court issuing it shall. in committing any of the acts enumerated in Section 4 hereof. or was otherwise guilty of negligence in connection with the commission thereof. (ii) Thirteen and one-fourth percent (13 1/4%) at the end of the second year following the effectivity of this Act. or in the absence thereof.The penalty of prision mayor or a fine ranging from Ten thousand pesos (P10. use of jumper.The penalty of reclusion temporal or a fine ranging from Fifty thousand pesos (P50. then the penalty next higher in degree as provided herein shall be imposed. . in no case. (b) Violation of Section 3. That the ERB is hereby authorized to determine at the end of the fourth year following the effectivity of this Act. association or any other legal entity.There is hereby established a cap on the recoverable rate of system losses as follows: (a) For private electric utilities: If the violation is committed by a partnership. however. The surcharge for the violation of contract shall be collected from and paid by the consumer concerned as follows: (iii) Eleven and three-fourths (11 3/4%) at the end of the third year following the effectivity of this Act. Penalties. a maximum of sixty (60) billing months up to the time of discovery: Provided. Section 9. If. Likewise." penalties and other charges. shall be imposed on any person found guilty of violating Section 2 hereof. If. or to the total value of the subject matter of the action: Provided. such officer or employee shall. further. Authority to Impose Violation of Contract Surcharges. Section 10. upon conviction. . . and as often as necessary taking into account the viability of private electric utilities and the interest of the consumers. Restriction on the Issuance of Restraining Orders or Writs of Injunction.000) or both.

876. in no case. in cooperation with each other. and (g) such other particulars as may be required by the ERB. and (v) Fourteen percent (14%) at the end of the fifth year following the effectivity of this Act. Information Dissemination. the development of methodologies for computing the amount of electricity illegally used and the amount of payment or deposit contemplated in Section 7 hereof. Recovery of Pilferage Losses. . particularly the agricultural workers. . 4. 5.The ERB shall. The ERB shall. to include but not limited to. . Section 15. (c) the name of the consumer concerned. are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.consumer and not through the distribution system of the private electric utility shall not be counted even if the billing for the said power used is through the private electric utility. corn and other staple crops. 7. reports from the law-enforcement agencies reveal that there is a resurgence of thievery of large cattle. there is an urgent need to protect large cattle raising industry and small time large cattle owners and raisers from the nefarious activities of lawless elements in order to encourage our hardworking cattle raisers and farmers to raise more . as well as in fresh meat. within thirty (30) working days after the conduct of due hearings which must commence within thirty (30) working days upon the effectivity of this Act. penalizing the unauthorized installation of electrical connections. as amended by Batas Pambansa Blg.The caps provided in Section 10 of this Act shall apply only to the area of coverage of private electric utilities and rural electric cooperatives as of the date of the effectivity of this Act. thereby directly prejudicing the livelihood of the agricultural workers and adversely affecting our food production program for selfsufficiency in rice.This Act shall take effect thirty (30) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in any two (2) national newspapers of general circulation. and the theft of electricity are hereby expressly repealed. Separability Clause. (ii) Twenty percent (20%) at the end of the second year following the effectivity of this Act.The private electric utilities. as a result of the presence of the prima facie evidence discovered. report in writing and under oath to the ERB: (a) the fact of recovery. whether the caps herein or theretofore established shall be reduced further which shall. issue the rules and regulations as may be necessary to ensure the efficient and effective implementation of the provisions of this Act. which are inconsistent with this Act.Any private electric utility or rural electric cooperative which recovers any amount of pilferage losses shall. Rules and Regulations. especially in the rural areas. That the ERB is hereby authorized to determine at the end of the fifth year following the effectivity of this Act.Any portion or provision of this Act which may be declared unconstitutional or invalid shall not have the effect of nullifying other portions or provisions hereof. and to incorporate a faithful condensation of said provisions in the contracts with new consumers. (d) the amount recovered. within the same period. and other issuances or parts thereof. (f) the explanation for the failure to recover the whole amount claimed. finally. undertake a vigorous campaign to inform their consumers of the provisions of this Act especially Sections 2. (b) For rural electric cooperatives: (i) Twenty-two percent (22%) at the end of the first year following the effectivity of this Act. 3.000) meters from the consumer. Section 16. the NPC. no private electric utility or rural electric cooperative shall accept payment from the consumer unless so provided in a compromise agreement duly executed by the parties and approved by the court. or (2) the consumer's electric consumption is three percent (3%) or more of the total load consumption of all the customers of the utility. WHEREAS. (b) the date thereof. The term "power sold by NPC or any other entity that supplies power directly to a consumer" as used in the preceding paragraph shall for purposes of this section be deemed to be a sale directly to the consumer if: (1) the point of metering by the NPC or any other utility is less than one thousand (1. (iv) Sixteen percent (16%) at the end at the fourth year following the effectivity of this Act. Section 12. The permissible levels of recovery for system losses in areas of coverage that may be added on by either a private electric utility or a rural electric cooperative shall be determined by the ERB. 401. Area of Coverage. Provided. . within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act and at least once a year thereafter. That in any case nothing in this Act shall impair the authority of the ERB to reduce or phase out technical or design losses as a component of system losses. . All other laws. or (3) there is no other consumer connected to the distribution line of the utility which connects to the NPC or any other utility point of metering to the consumer meter. the rural electric cooperatives. If there is a case pending in court for the recovery of a pilferage loss. Section 13. . regulations. also issue rules and regulations on the submission of the reports required under Section 12 hereof and the procedure for the distribution to or crediting of consumers for recovered pilferage losses. and the National Electrification Administration (NEA) shall. because such large cattle are the work animals of our farmers and the source of fresh meat and dairy products for our people. (e) the amount of pilferage loss claimed. rules. Provided. Section 11. Effectivity Clause. be lower than nine percent (9%) and accordingly fix the date of the effectivity of the new caps. taking into account the viability of rural electric cooperatives and the interest of the consumers. commonly known as "cattle rustling". Section 14. WHEREAS. (iii) Eighteen percent (18%) at the end of the third year following the effectivity of this Act. tampering and/or knowing use of tampered electrical meters or other devices. ordinances. and 8 hereof. and as often as is necessary. 533 August 8. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. large cattle are indispensable to the livelihood and economic growth of our people. . and provide raw material for our tanning and canning industries. 1974 THE ANTI-CATTLE RUSTLING LAW OF 1974 WHEREAS. 6. within thirty (30) days from said recovery. Section 17.The provisions in Presidential Decree No. Repealing Clauses.

Presumption of cattle rustling. without the consent of the owner/raiser. corporation or entity shall engage in the business of buy and sell of large cattle without first securing a permit for the said purpose from the Provincial Commander of the province where it shall conduct such business and the city/municipal treasurer of the place of residence of such person. association. I. carabao. dated January 17. the following: Section 1." Section 2. do hereby order and decree as part of the law of the land. ass. of any of the above-mentioned animals whether or not for profit or gain. President of the Republic of the Philippines. all laws. If a person is seriously injured or killed as a result or on the occasion of the commission of cattle rustling. Before issuance of the permit herein prescribed. a certification from the Provincial Veterinarian to the effect that such large cattle. Cattle rustling is the taking away by any means. All public officials and employees concerned with the registration of large cattle are required to observe strict adherence with pertinent provisions of Chapter 22. dated September 21. instructions. No person. 1972 and No. or whether committed with or without violence against or intimidation of any person or force upon things. c. The permit shall only be valid in such province. The provisions of Articles 309 and 310 of Act No. the Provincial Commander shall require the submission of the certificate of ownership as prescribed in Section 3 hereof. Permit to buy and sell large cattle. Section 6. Shipment of large cattle. It includes the killing of large cattle. Title. irrespective of the value of the large cattle involved. Clearance for shipment of large cattle. employee or tenant of any firm or entity engaged in the raising of large cattle or other persons in lawful possession of such large cattle. its hides or meat from one city/municipality to another within the same province may be done upon securing permit from the city/municipal treasurer of the place of origin. Penal provisions. Failure to exhibit the required documents shall be prima facie evidence that the large cattle in his possession. b. The city/municipality concerned may impose and collect the fees authorized by existing laws for such registration and the issuance of a certificate of ownership to the owner/raiser. be punished by prision mayor in its maximum period to reclusion temporal in its medium period if the offense is committed without violence against or intimidation of persons or force upon things. partnership. Section 5. by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution and pursuant to Proclamations No. THEREFORE. 1 dated September 22. MARCOS. partnership. as amended. of the Revised Administrative Code. mule. Definition of terms. corporation or entity. NOW. in addition to the foregoing penalty. . and such other documents or records as may be necessary. upon demand by competent authorities. he shall. This Decree shall take effect upon approval. Large cattle as herein used shall include the cow. Section 9. association. Rules and Regulations to be promulgated by the Chief of Constabulary. Section 7. When the offender is an alien. control or custody are the fruits of the crime of cattle rustling. hides or meat are free from any disease. Duty of city/municipal treasurers and other concerned public officers and employees. otherwise known as the Revised Penal Code. register the same with the office of the city/municipal treasurer where such large cattle are raised.cattle and concentrate in their agricultural works. its hides. Section 3. 3815. association. Owner/raiser shall include the herdsman. The following terms shall mean and be understood to be as herein defined: a. the penalty of reclusion temporal in its maximum period to reclusion perpetua shall be imposed. 1104. FERDINAND E. The owner/raiser shall. 1973 and General Order No. Duty of owner/raiser to register. partnership. Section 4. 1972. horse. Every person having in his possession. from one province to another shall secure a permit for such purpose from the Provincial Commander of the province where the large cattle is registered. or taking its meat or hide without the consent of the owner/raiser. Any person convicted of cattle rustling as herein defined shall. method or scheme. This Decree shall be known as the "Anti-Cattle Rustling Law of 1974. Any person. Section 11. corporation or entity desiring to ship or transport large cattle. decrees. except insofar as they may be inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree. Section 10. caretaker. before the large cattle belonging to him shall attain the age of six months. rules and regulations which are inconsistent with this Decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. Repealing clause. 1081. or meat. the penalty of reclusion perpetua to death shall be imposed. Section 511 to 534. or other domesticated member of the bovine family. If the offense is committed with violence against or intimidation of persons or force upon things. control or custody of large cattle shall. he shall be deported immediately upon the completion of the service of his sentence without further proceedings. thus increasing our source of meat and dairy products as well as agricultural production and allied industries which depend on the cattle raising industry. exhibit the documents prescribed in the preceding sections. be disqualified from voting or being voted upon in any election/referendum and from holding any public office or employment. orders. Effectivity. The chief of Constabulary shall promulgate the rules and regulations for the effective implementation of this Decree. Section 8. When the offender is a government official or employee.