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SAFETY MANUAL

HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042
REV. 0
31 AUGUST 2011

LIGHTING STANDARD

PAGE 1 of 9

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................. 2

2.

SCOPE ................................................................................................................ 2

3.

DEFINITIONS...................................................................................................... 2

4.

STANDARD ........................................................................................................ 2

5.

RESPONSIBILITIES ........................................................................................... 8

6.

REFERENCES .................................................................................................... 8

ATTACHMENT........................................................................................................... 8
APPENDIX ................................................................................................................. 8

Rev.
0

Issue
Date
31-Aug-11

Amendment
Description

Prepared By:

Checked By:

Approved By:

Initial Release

Lloyd G Askham

Mostafa A
Mohamed

Carl H Poldrack

Page 1 of 9

SAFETY MANUAL LIGHTING STANDARD HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 REV. Candela is the basic unit for measuring luminous intensity from a light source in a given direction.1. reflector. 2. INTRODUCTION The primary safety benefits of proper lighting in a space are in facilitating the recognition of hazards (such as obstacles or moving parts) both in general and in relation to specific physical tasks. while 1 lumen per square meter equals 1 lux Lumen is the derived SI unit for luminous flux. During the lighting design the following criteria shall be considered: • Quantity of light. Q-Chem II. Design of Lighting 4. especially in potentially hazardous environments. including administration buildings. A secondary benefit is that it can prevent mental fatigue and eye strain. One lumen falling on one square foot equals one-foot candle. unit measure of light.. Foot-candle is the unit of illuminance (light falling on a surface). Page 2 of 9 . and illuminating safety warning signs and safe pathways within the space. STANDARD 4.1. wiring. 1 lumen per foot equals 1 Foot-candle. portacabins / blast resistant modules (BRMs) of all QChem operated facilities. direct or indirect). SCOPE This standard covers all lighting installations for both process and non-process areas. socket.2. • Quality of light.1. Lux (lx) is a unit of illuminance equal to 1 lumen per square meter. expressed in lumens per unit area. • Type of light (i. DEFINITIONS Bulb is the everyday term for an incandescent lamp. 3. Q-Chem in this document refers to Q-Chem. diffuser. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 PAGE 2 of 9 1. the complete lighting unit. including lamp.1. 4. 4. It’s also a measurement of the amount of light reaching a subject. and housing. Lighting design is a complex process and requires review by an industrial hygienist or other technically qualified personnel. Luminaire is a light fixture. Ras Laffan Olefins Complex (RLOC) and Salam Tower.e. Illuminance is the light arriving at a surface. Also refers to the outer glass envelope of the lamp. ballast.

Table 1: Recommended Minimum Illumination levels Recommended Minimum Illumination Levels Area/Task Footcandle Lux Elevation where lighting reading should be taken inches (mm) Pump rows. Lighting shall be adequate enough in the work environment to provide visibility for work tasks and objects and to ensure safe working conditions. manifolds 5 50 Ground Heat exchangers 3 30 Ground Maintenance platforms 1 10 Floor Operating platforms 5 50 Floor Cooling towers (equipment areas) 5 50 Ground Furnaces 3 30 Ground Ladders and stairs (inactive) 1 10 Floor Ladders and stairs (active) 5 50 Floor Gauge glasses 5 50 Eye Level Instruments (on process units) 50 50 Eye Level Compressor houses 20 200 Floor Separators 5 50 Top of Bay General area 1 10 Ground Ordinary control house 30 300 Floor Instrument panel 30 300 66 (1700) Console 30 300 30 (760) Back of panel 10 100 30 (760) Central control house 50 500 Floor Instrument panel 50 500 66 (1700) Console 50 500 30 (760) Back of panel 10 100 36 (900) 1.g. valves.. 4. supplementary. General process units B. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 LIGHTING STANDARD PAGE 3 of 9 • Electrical classification of the area where the lights will be installed. Table 1 below provides recommended MINIMUM illumination levels to be maintained at any point on a task at any time.HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 SAFETY MANUAL REV. Control Rooms and Houses Page 3 of 9 . • Applicable lighting loss factors. • Type of lighting system (e. and • Lighting system maintenance including safe access to the fixtures with appropriate equipment. Process Areas A.3.1. general localized or general).

0 31 AUGUST 2011 LIGHTING STANDARD PAGE 4 of 9 Recommended Minimum Illumination Levels Area/Task C. stairways. Office Areas Page 4 of 9 . loading point 10 100 Point 2 20 Ground Specialty process units 2.) 50 500 Top of Table Reception areas. E. typing.4 4 Ground Infrequent use 0.1 1 Ground 1 10 Deck Conference rooms (lights equipped with dimmers) 0-100 0-1000 Top of Table Prolonged difficult task (drafting. Loading racks Electrical substation and switch yards Outdoor switch yards F.) 75 750 Top of Table Ordinary tasks (desk work. Non-process areas A. Loading. General substation (outdoor) 2 20 Ground Substation operating aisles 15 150 Floor General substation (indoor) 5 50 Floor Switch racks 5 50 48 (1200) Frequent use (trucking) 0. Footcandle Lux Elevation where lighting reading should be taken inches (mm) Electrolytic cell room 5 50 Floor Electric furnace 5 50 Floor Conveyors 2 20 Surface Conveyor transfer points 5 50 Surface Kilns (operating area) 5 50 Floor Extruders and mixers 20 200 Floor Pump area 5 50 Ground General control area 15 150 Floor Control panel 20 200 45 (1100) Indoor equipment 20 200 Floor Outdoor equipment 5 500 Ground 0. (1 m) above floor Equipment and service rooms 15 150 Floor Level Plant road lighting (where lighting is required) Helideck landing area 3. C.HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 SAFETY MANUAL REV.5 5 Floor General area 5 50 Floor Tank car 10 100 Point Tank trucks. other close work) 100 1000 Top of Table Difficult tasks (booking keeping. reading. etc. etc. unloading and cooling water pump houses B.5 5 Floor Gauging area 1 10 Ground Manifold area 0.2 2 Ground Plant parking lots 0. washrooms 20 200 3-4 ft. Building A. Boiler and air compressor plants Tank fields (where lighting is required) Ladders and stairs D.

Page 5 of 9 . First Aid Room 50 500 F. difficult seeing task areas 100 1000 30 (760) * Indicates vertical illuminance 4.4. Maintenance of Lighting 4.5 5 Large bin storage 5 50 Small bin storage* 10 100 Small parts storage* 20 200 Countertops 30 300 Eating 10 100 30 (760) Serving area 30 300 36 (900) Food preparation 50 500 36 (900) Cafeteria Sink and counter areas 100 1000 E. A maintenance program for the lighting systems shall be developed and implemented. • A competent person shall be designated to oversee the maintenancerelated tasks of this program. Warehouses and stockrooms Indoor bulk storage Outdoor bulk storage D. This compensates for the progressive loss of light which will occur due to the normal depreciation of light output of the lamps. a light loss factor must be applied) than the recommended or required maintained illumination level (see Table 1). The initial illumination levels provided by the lighting system shall be higher (i.1.e.. accumulation of dirt on the luminaires and operating environment. Workshops General workshops 70 700 Workshops.2. 4. • A detailed scope of work shall be developed to cover all elements of the maintenance program. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 LIGHTING STANDARD PAGE 5 of 9 Recommended Minimum Illumination Levels Area/Task B. Footcandle Lux Elevation where lighting reading should be taken inches (mm) 50 500 36 (900) 5 50 0.2. Laboratories C.1.HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 SAFETY MANUAL REV.

Emergency lighting duration shall be not less than 90 minutes or as required for emergency egress and operations.-candles (1Lux) as measured along the path of egress at floor level. not less than 0.3. scaffolding etc.3. and unit emergency equipment. Page 6 of 9 . Area Superintendents or Designees shall report all lighting-related issues to their respective I&E maintenance engineer who shall then forward the request to the lighting contractor for action.5. evacuation.2. Emergency lighting shall be provided for locating exits. emergency egress.SAFETY MANUAL LIGHTING STANDARD HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 REV. man-lift.2.1 ft. 4. 4. Lighting repair notifications / work requests shall be initiated as follows: LOCATION ACTION TAKEN 1. Safety lighting is intended to ensure that operating personnel can move to a place of safety.3. Buildings in Non-Process Areas The contractor shall survey and check all streets lights on a monthly frequency and repair as required. 4.1.-candle (10Lux) and at any point. 4. This includes stairways and ladders designated for main walkway routes and emergency egress. 4. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 PAGE 6 of 9 4.3.) shall be done through a SAP work order to cover the cost of the extra resources. Jobs that require extra resources (e.3.2. Process Areas / Buildings within Process Areas 3.3. in the event of failure of the electrical supply to the normal lighting.2. A preventative maintenance program shall be implemented to ensure the availability & reliability of this lighting. Safety Lighting 4.4. 4. All lamps.g.3. Emergency lighting provides illumination for the safety of people in an area in an event of a loss of power.3.2. Emergency Lighting 4.4. Building occupants shall report lighting problems directly to Utilities I&E engineer who shall then forward the request to the lighting contractor for action. 4.1. covers and associated lighting fixtures within an area shall be cleaned at the time while attending to a scheduled work order in that area. Initial illumination shall not be less than an average of 1 ft.4. 4.4. Street Lighting & Car Parks 2. or control or shut down the process in a safe manner.

5. and • To address a specific request by the end-user. Record Keeping 4.1. Lighting Intensity Surveys 4.candles (20Lux). rotating equipment) and where absence of the normal lighting will place the worker in a hazardous situation. The work area requiring safety lighting shall be provided with an illuminance of at least 10% of the recommended illuminance for the same area under the normal lighting. but the illuminance will in any event be not less than 2 ft.3. • Where modifications to the building structure or work area could result in a change in the overall lighting of the affected area / building. capable of being switched on when maintenance is to be carried out.5.4. Instruments shall be calibrated at intervals as per manufacturer’s recommendations.6.4.SAFETY MANUAL LIGHTING STANDARD HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 REV.4.4. The appropriate illuminance shall be provided within 0. 4.5. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 PAGE 7 of 9 4. or • Portable luminaires which are put in place when maintenance is required. Lighting surveys shall be conducted using calibrated. For some applications the illuminance needed for maintenance tasks will be higher than those for the normal use of the space.5.2. Page 7 of 9 .6.6.2.. 4. Lighting intensity surveys (measurement of illumination level) shall be conducted to ensure recommended light levels are maintained. 4. Safety lighting shall be required for the industrial facilities where hazards exist that require visual detection (e.2. Lighting surveys shall be conducted at the following frequency: • Every five (5) years. Interpretive reports shall be issued to the affected end-user and then uploaded into the company’s document management systems (EDMS or similar) for storage. color and cosinecorrected auto-ranging digital light meters. 4. 4. 4. Lighting intensity survey results shall be maintained by the Industrial Hygiene section.4.5 seconds of failure of the normal supply.5. 4. 4.1.3.g. In such circumstances the illuminance required for maintenance tasks shall be provided by either: • A permanently installed supplementary system of lighting.

ATTACHMENT None APPENDIX Appendix R – Revision History Page 8 of 9 .1. RESPONSIBILITIES 5. 5. I&E Maintenance Superintendent / High Voltage Engineer (RLOC) 5.1. 6. Provide technical oversight on lighting issues as related to this standard.1.3.1. 5.1.1. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 PAGE 8 of 9 5. Conduct lighting intensity surveys when required. • Qatar Environmental Law (Law 30 of 2002): Annex 3/6th. • American National Standards Institute and Illuminating Engineering Society standard. Maintain this standard and facilitate periodic reviews.2.2.2.5: Lighting). Manage the plant lighting maintenance program and all associated activities. Administrator all items related to this standard. I&E Technical Superintendent / High Voltage Engineer (RLOC) 5.3.SAFETY MANUAL LIGHTING STANDARD HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 REV. ANSI/IES-RP-7-1991.1. Industrial Hygienist 5.3. 5. REFERENCES • Chevron Engineering Standards: Safety in Designs: SID-SU-5106-A (Section 9. 5.

SAFETY MANUAL LIGHTING STANDARD HSE-SAF-STD-00-0042 REV. Issue Date 0. 0 31 AUGUST 2011 PAGE 9 of 9 APPENDIX R: REVISION HISTORY Rev. 31-July 2011 Amendment Description First Issue Page 9 of 9 Reference .