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# LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS-4

I.

Objective :
Describe and illustrate parallel, intersecting, perpendicular lines.

II.

Learning Content :
Describing and illustrating parallel, intersecting, perpendicular lines.
Materials : PowerPoint presentation, ruler, cut outs of lines
References : K to 12 Grade 4 curriculum Guide, LM Math Grade 4, pp 155-156
Value Focus :

III.

Instructional Procedure :
A. Preliminary Activities
1. Drill
Have a drill on identifying points , line segments, rays and lines using
PowerPoint slide with Geometric Figure. After the activity, ask the pupils to give
representation of points, line segment, ray and lines. Also provide exercises on
naming points, lines, line segment and rays.
2. Review : Game What am I
a. I have an exact location in space. I am represented by a dot. (point)
b. I have no endpoint and I can go on and on in opposite direction (line)
c. I start out at a point and can be extended in one direction. (ray)
d. I am a part of a line with 2 end points. (line segment)
3. Motivation
Show picture of pupils in front of a flagpole forming lines for the flag raising
ceremony. Ask, How should you form your lines? Relate the value of orderliness
in forming their lines during flag ceremony.
B. Developmental Activities
1. Presentation
Have a game on Forming Lines Let them form different kinds of lines
depending on the instruction given.
a. Row 1 and 2 will form 2 straight lines.
b. Row 3 and 4 will form 2 lines that meet at the center.
c. Row 5 will form 1 line and another line for Row 6. Then form 2 lines that
show square corners.
Youve just played Forming Lines
The illustrations show the lines that you formed

Figure : 1

Figure : 2

Figure : 3
What can you say about the line in figure 1? Figure 2? Figure 3?
2. Performing the activities
Group the pupils into 3 teams, Each group to work together in illustrating the
given figures to show the different kind of lines using cutouts.
Group 1 : Time using hand of a clock at 4:00
Group 2 : Window panes ( Jalousie )
Group 3 : Electric Posts
After all groups have finished, ask them to display their outputs on the board. Let
them tell something about the figures that they formed and what kind of line
each figure show?
3. Processing the activities

After all groups have represented their output, ask How did you find the
activity? How were you able to illustrate the given figure to you Did you
Discuss with the pupils the different kind of lines namely : parallel,
intersecting and perpendicular lines.
4. Reinforcing the Concept and Skills
Tell whether the following are parallel lines, intersecting lines or perpendicular
lines.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.
5. Summarizing the Lesson
Lead the pupils in generalizing what parallel lines, intersecting lines, and
perpendicular lines are.
Parallel Lines are lines that do not meet. Intersecting Lines are
lines that cross each other. Perpendicular Lines are lines that
intersect and form square corners.

## 6. Applying to new and other situations

Tell the kind of lines referred to each item.
1. Capital letter H
4. Hands of a clock at 3:30
2. Capital letter X
5. Corner of a black board
3. Checkered T-Shirt
IV.

Assessment
Write the letter of the correct answer.
1. Which pair of lines are parallel lines?
a.

b.

c.

d.

a.

b.

c.

d.

a.

b.

c.

d.

## 4. Which situation tells about parallel lines?

a.Capital letter L
c. Corner of a table
b.Hands of a clock at 6:00
d. Striped T-shirt
5. Which is not a true statement?
a. Two intersecting lines meet at one point.
b. Perpendicular lines form square corners.
c. Parallel lines do not meet.
d. Intersecting lines do not cross each other.

V.

Home Activity
Draw a circle for parallel lines, triangle for intersecting lines and rectangle for
perpendicular lines.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Prepared by:

NONITO T. GUANZON