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Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources
Lisker, Jerry. Homo Nest Raided, Queen Bees Are Stinging Mad. The New York Daily
News, 6
July 1969. The source is a newspaper article. The source shows how the people at
Stonewall fought against the police and the police had a warrant to go inside Stonewall.
This helped me understand that the police did have a warrant, but people fought back
because they believed it wasnt right. This primary source helped me understand by the
way that it was written that homosexuality was not seen as a good thing at the time.
People march down the street holding a sign that says Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day
1970. 1970. DeLoggio

Admissions,
www.deloggio.com/recent%20news/june29%202012.html. Accessed 14 Nov. 2016. The
source is a photograph. The photograph shows people marching down the street with a
sign saying Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day. It shows how the Stonewall riots
sparked the LGBT rights movement.
People shortly after the riots holding signs supporting gay
rights. Mashable.com, 28 May 2014,
mashable.com/2014/06/28/remembering-stonewall-riots/#_. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016.
A picture of people fighting the police during the Stonewall

Riots. Mashable.com, 28 May 2014,


mashable.com/2014/06/28/remembering-stonewall-riots/#_. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016.
Police Again Rout Village Youths. The New York Times, 30 June 1969. The source is a
newspaper article. The source shows that people were fighting against the police for gay
rights. This primary source helped me understand what was happening and that many
people sided with the police.

Police making

a barricade between the crowd. Mashable, 28 May 2014,

mashable.com/2014/06/28/remembering-stonewall-riots/#_. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016.


Village Raid Stirs Melee. New York Post, 28 June 1969. The source is a newspaper article. The
source shows how people were throwing objects. This helped me understand that the riots
were violent.

Secondary Sources
Bausum, Ann.

Stonewall: Breaking out in the Fight for Gay Rights. Penguin Young Readers
Group, 2015. This source is a book. The source was used to show that out homosexuals
were considered mentally ill and treated badly by society. They would go to places like
the Stonewall Inn because they could be themselves. The Inn itself was dingy and not
well kept. This helped me understand that members of the LGBTQ+ community were
treated badly and could find haven in bars that were usually unkempt.
Dooley,

Savannah. Stonewall Revisited. Gale Research Database, 21 June 2005,


go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=ftl94341&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA133910
909&it=r&asid=a714ac3ca2e1cbdbe8411611e8c8dc61. Accessed 24 Sept. 2016. The
source is a firsthand account. The source shows how the people would fight back by
lighting fires, throwing bottles, and trying to break in. It helped me understand how
violent and chaotic the riots were.
Franke-Ruta, Garance.

An Amazing 1969 Account of the Stonewall Uprising. The Atlantic, 24


Jan. 2013,
www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/01/an-amazing-1969-account-of-the-stonewal

l-uprising/272467/. Accessed 22 Oct. 2016. The source is a firsthand account. The source
shows that the riots broke out after people were getting arrested and yelled for help. This
helped me understand that riots started because people were tired of seeing other people
getting arrested.
Haider-Markel, Donald P. Stonewall Uprising. World Book Online, 2016,
worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar755678&st=stonewall+riots#tab=homepage.
Accessed 28 Sept. 2016. The source is a website article. The source shows how the
demonstrations started after a police raid at the Stonewall Inn and was an important event
for the gay rights movement. This helped me understand the importance of the Stonewall
riots.
The Historic Stonewall Inn. The Stonewall in NYC,
www.thestonewallinnnyc.com/StonewallInnNYC/HISTORY.html. Accessed 29 Sept.
2016. The source is a website article. The source shows how the riots at the Stonewall Inn
were the first time LGBTQ+ stood up for themselves against police harassment. This
helped me understand the how important the Stonewall riots were
Introduction:Stonewall Uprising. Pbs,
www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/stonewall-intro/. Accessed
29 Sept. 2016. The source is a website article. The source shows how LGBTQ+ had to
live in the closet or be harassed by the police and deal with laws that are against them.
This helped me understand why people had finally reached their breaking point the night
of the riots.

Johnson, Ramon. Brief History of the Stonewall Riots. Gay Life, 5 Sept. 2016,
gaylife.about.com/od/stonewall/a/stonewallhistory.htm. Accessed 14 Nov. 2016. The
source is a website article. The article says that after the Stonewall riots many LGBT
people were inspired to contribute to the cause. Many people started protesting and
organizing to get their opinions out. Some people felt this wasnt enough, so Christopher
Street Liberation Day was organized. It included a parade that was the first gay pride
parade. Now these parades happen all over the world the same month that the Stonewall
riots occurred.
Labod, Flora. Timeline. Labod, labod.weebly.com/timeline.html. Accessed 22 Oct. 2016. The
source is a website. The source shows how the riots lasted for days and the events that
happened. This helped me understand what went down during the riots.
The Leadership Conference. Stonewall Riots: The Beginning of the LGBT Movement. Civil
Rights, 22 June 2009,
www.civilrights.org/archives/2009/06/449-stonewall.html?referrer=https://www.google.c
om/. Accessed 22 Oct. 2016. The source is a website article. The source shows how there
werent many establishments for LGBTQ+ people to go, and the places that did exist
were frequently raided by polices. This helped me understand how people were mad that
they couldnt find solace anywhere.
Stonewall: Freedom Overdue. Stop Homophobia,
www.stop-homophobia.com/thestonewallriots.htm. Accessed 22 Oct. 2016. The source is
a website article. The source shows that people at the Stonewall Inn refused to accept

harassment from the police the night of the riot. This helped me understand that the riots
started after people refused to cooperate with the police.
The Stonewall Riot. History.com, A+E Networks, 2010,
www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-stonewall-riot. Accessed 29 Sept. 2016. The
source is a website article. The source shows how the crowd got violent after they saw
people getting arrested and many people got hurt. This helped me understand that the
riots were big and violent.
Stonewall Riots. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, 12 Aug. 2016,
www.britannica.com/event/Stonewall-riots. This source is a website article. The source
shows how the police came into the bar with a warrant for illegally selling alcohol and
arrested people. This helped me understand the legal basis the police had for raiding the
bar.
Wolf, Sherry. Stonewall:The Birth of Gay Power. International Socialist Review,
isreview.org/issue/63/stonewall-birth-gay-power. Accessed 14 Nov. 2016. The source is a
website article. The source said that after the riots, LGBT rights activists spread the word
of a meeting. The meeting was to organize a march to commemorate the riots and it
ended up evolving into a an organization called the Gay Liberation Front. The group
would focus on LGBT rights and issues. The Stonewall riots led to the group being
formed and paved the way for modern LGBT rights.
Wright, Lionel. A Turning Point in the Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Liberation. Socialist
Alternative, July 1999, www.socialistalternative.org/stonewall-riots-1969/. Accessed 14
Nov. 2016. The source is a website article. The article talks about how Stonewall is well

known in the LGBTQ community as the start of the modern day gay rights movement.
Todays generation of young LGBT people and rights activists grew up after 1969 and
experience a much different reality than LGBT people did back then. There have been
huge advances in the struggle for LGBT rights.