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Standard Test Method for Analysis of Acetic

Anhydride Using Gas Chromatography1


Active Standard ASTM E1616
1.1 This test method describes the determination of assay and impurities in acetic anhydride by gas
chromatography. The acetic anhydride should be at least 95% pure.

4 | Summary of Test Method


4.1 The sample is injected onto a gas chromatographic column. The components are separated as
they pass through the column with helium carrier gas, their presence in the effluent is detected by a
flame ionization detector, and recorded as a chromatogram. The concentrations of sample
components are calculated as weight percentages using area normalization.

Standard Test Method for Copper-Accelerated


Acetic Acid-Salt Spray (Fog) Testing (CASS
Test) 1
Active Standard ASTM B368

1 | ScopePrevious
1.1 This test method prescribes the conditions required in copper-accelerated acetic acid-salt spray
(CASS) testing for specification purposes.
1.2 This test method is applicable to evaluating the corrosive performance of decorative
copper/nickel/chromium or nickel/chromium coatings on steel, zinc alloys, aluminum alloys, and
plastics designed for severe service. It is also applicable to the testing of anodized aluminum.

Standard Test Method for Determination of


Glycerin Assay by Titration (Sodium Meta
Periodate)1

Active Standard ASTM D7637

1 | Scope
1.1 This test method provides the quantitative determination of glycerin by the titrimetric method. It is
applicable to all glycerin or glycerin/water mixtures >75%.

4 | Significance and UsePrevious Next | Top Bottom


4.1 This test method is based on the cold oxidation of the glycerol by sodium metaperiodate in a
strong acidic medium. Formaldehyde and formic acid are produced in this reaction and the latter is
used to measure the glycerol content by titration with standard sodium hydroxide solution, to a pH
8.1 0.1. The glycerol content is expressed as a percentage (m/m).

4.2 Interferences-The glycerin sample should be free of organic compounds with more than two
hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (for example, sugars, glycols). These types of
compounds may produce formic acid which interferes with the determination of the glycerol content.

METHODS OF TEST FOR ACETIC ACID as per IS 695-1986

1.DETERMINATION OF SOLUBILITY IN WATER


A known volume of acetic acid is mixed with a known volume of water and observed for turbidity.

2.DETERMINATION OF ACETIC ACID CONTENT


A known amount of the material is titrated against standard sodium hydroxide solution using
phenolphthalein as indicator. From the titre values, the percent acetic acid equivalent in the sample
is calculated. This is then corrected for the formic acid content to get the percentage of acetic acid in
the sample.

3.TEST FOR CHLORIDES


A solution of the material of known concentration is treated with silver nitrate solution in presence of
dilute nitric acid. The opalescence produced is compared with the opalescence in a standard
solution treated similarly with equal amounts of the reagents.

4.TEST FOR IRON


An extract of residue on evaporation of the material in hydrochloric acid is treated with thioglycollic
acid and ammonium hydroxide. The colour developed is then compared with that of a standard
solution of iron treated similarly.
5.TEST FOR SULPHATES
A known quantity of the material is evaporated to dryness with sodium carbonate solution, the
residue is extracted with hydrochloric acid and then treated with barium chloride solution. The
turbidity, if any, is compared with the turbidity produced in a standard sulphate solution treated with
hydrochloric acid and barium chloride solution.