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APPENDIX 12

EXPLANATORY TERM SHEET (SAMPLE 2)


This term sheet summarizes the principal terms with respect to a potential private placement of equity securities of
___________________________ (the Company) by a group of investors led by ___________________. This term sheet is intended
solely as a basis for further discussion and is not intended to be and does not constitute a legally binding obligation.

P R O P O S E D T E R M S F O R P R E F E R R E D S TO C K F I N A N C I N G O F ( T H E C O M PA N Y )
Amount:

$__________ at [First] Closing; [$__________ at Second Closing prior to __________, 200___]

Type of Security:

Series ______ Preferred Stock (Preferred)

Price per Share:

$__________ (Original Purchase Price)

Investors:

_________________ (collectively, the Investors)

First Closing:

[First] Closing on or around __________, 200___

Capitalization:

Outstanding

Pro Forma

Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Options
Reserved
Outstanding and unexercised
Available for grant
Warrants
Convertible notes/other securities

12.1

RIGHTS, PREFERENCES, PRIVILEGES, AND RESTRICTIONS OF PREFERRE D


Comment: Dividends typically range from 7% to 10%
of the Original Purchase Price. Most dividends are
noncumulative.

Dividends: Holders of Preferred shall be entitled to receive, prior to any payment of


dividends to holders of the Common Stock of the Company (the Common Stock),
annual dividends payable in the amount of $_________ per share when and if declared by the
Board of Directors. [or, which shall cumulate from year to year annually on the anniversary
date of the closing whether or not declared by the Board.]

Comment: This is a simple participating preferred, which


means that the funds remaining after payment of the
Preferreds Original Purchase Price will be shared equally
by the Common and Preferred shareholders. As drafted,
this provision is very favorable to investors because there
is no cap on the amount they are to receive.

Liquidation Preference: In the event of any liquidation or winding up of the Company,


the holders of the Preferred will be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of
Common Stock an amount (Liquidation Amount) equal to the Original Purchase Price
[or: plus all cumulated dividends]. After payment of the Original Purchase Price [or: plus all
cumulated dividends] to the holders of the Preferred, the remaining assets shall be
distributed ratably to the holders of Common and Preferred on a common equivalent basis
[ratably to the holders of Common Stock] [or] [ratably to the holders of Common and
Preferred on a common equivalent basis until the holders of Preferred have received a total
return in the liquidation of three times the Original Purchase Price after which any
remaining amounts will be distributed ratably to the holders of Common]. A merger,
acquisition, or sale of substantially all of the assets of the Company in which the
shareholders of the Company do not own a majority of the outstanding shares of the
surviving corporation shall be deemed to be a liquidation.
Conversion

Optional: The holders of the Preferred will have the right to convert their Preferred at
their option, at any time, into shares of Common Stock. The total number of shares of
Common Stock into which the Preferred may be converted initially will be determined by
dividing the Original Purchase Price by the Conversion Price. The initial Conversion Price
will be the Original Purchase Price. The Conversion Price will be subject to adjustment as
provided in paragraph (iv) below.

12.2

Comment: The purpose of forcing conversion is to


clean up and simplify the Companys capitalization
structure at the IPO. Company will want as much
flexibility to force conversion (which generally means a
50% threshold), particularly if trying to do IPO in
volatile markets when market conditions may cause the
offering price to fall below the per-share price that will
force conversion. May need to address majority
threshold if representing investor that does not own a
majority of the preferred. Alternatives include a
supermajority threshold or a series vote.
Comment: Broad-based weighted average as shown is
most typical and favorable to the Company. An alternative
is a narrow-based weighted average formula which looks
only at the outstanding stock (as opposed to all stock on
a fully-diluted basis). Other, more rare, alternatives include
a ratchet provision which is quite onerous from the
Companys perspective as it provides that, upon a down
round, the Conversion Price of the Preferred is adjusted
downward to the issuance price of the dilutive financing.
Another provision, the so-called pay-to-play provision, is
burdensome to the investors because it requires that
investors must participate in dilutive rounds to retain
antidilution protection for their shares.

Automatic Conversion: All of the Preferred will be automatically converted into


Common Stock, at the then-applicable Conversion Price, in the event that (x) holders of a
majority of the Preferred consent to the conversion to Common Stock or (y) upon the
closing of an underwritten public offering of shares of the Common Stock of the
Company at a public offering price per share (prior to underwriting commissions and
expenses) of not less than [2 to 5] times the Original Purchase Price in an offering of not
less than $20,000,000 (the IPO).

Antidilution Protection: The Conversion Price of the Preferred will be subject to


adjustment to prevent dilution in the event that the Company issues additional equity
securities at a purchase price less than the applicable Conversion Price. [Ratchet alternative:
The Conversion Price of the Series _______ Preferred will be subject to a full ratchet
adjustment to reduce dilution in the event that the Company issues shares at less than the
Conversion Price. The then-effective Conversion Price shall be reduced to the price paid for
such newly issued shares.] The Conversion Price of the Preferred will be subject to
adjustment on a broad-based weighted average basis. The Conversion Price shall not be
adjusted because of (a) conversion of the Preferred, (b) securities issued to a commercial
lender or lessor which is approved by the [entire] board, (c) the sale or grant of options to
employees, directors, or consultants to purchase up to _______ shares of common stock [or
the sale or grant of options to purchase shares approved [unanimously] by the Board of
Directors], (d) issuances in acquisitions of another company or assets unanimously approved
by the Board, and [(e) any other issuance that is approved by the [entire] Board.] The
Conversion Price will also be subject to proportional adjustment for stock splits, stock
dividends, recapitalizations, and the like.

12.3

Voting Rights:
Other than Directors. The holders of a share of Preferred will have a right to that number
of votes equal to the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of
Preferred.
Directors. The size of the board shall be set at _______. The holders of Preferred shall be
entitled to elect _______ directors. The holders of Common shall be entitled to elect _______
directors. The remaining directors shall be elected by the Preferred and Common voting
together.

12.4

Comment: The Company will typically resist a


redemption feature on the theory that the expected
liquidity will be achieved when the Company goes
public or is acquired. The investors may insist on the
redemption feature to force the Company to cash them
out at some point if the other liquidity options (an IPO
or acquisition) have not occurred.

[Redemption at Option of Investor: At election of the holders of at least 50% of


the Preferred, the Company shall redeem [1/3 of the Preferred on the fifth anniversary
of the Closing, 1/3 on the sixth anniversary of the Closing and 1/3 on the seventh
anniversary of the Closing], each at a redemption price equal to the Original Purchase
Price [plus a rate of return equal to 10% per year on the Original Purchase Price [or:
plus all cumulated dividends]] minus the amount of any dividends previously paid to
holders of Preferred.]

Comment: Need to consider threshold vote required:


The Company will generally favor a simple majority
threshold; however, if we represent the investors and
the investors do not hold a majority of the outstanding
preferred stock, may need consider a supermajority
threshold or a series vote.

Protective Provisions: Consent of the holders of a [majority] of the outstanding Preferred


Stock shall be required for: (i) any amendment or change of the rights, preferences,
privileges, or powers of, or the restrictions provided for the benefit of, the Preferred;
(ii) increases or decreases the authorized number of shares of Common or Preferred Stock;
(iii) any action that authorizes, creates, or issues shares of any class of stock having
preferences superior to or on parity with the Preferred; (iv) any action that reclassifies any
outstanding shares into shares having preferences or priority as to dividends or assets senior
to or on parity with the preference of the Preferred; (v) any amendment of the Companys
Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws that adversely affects the rights of the Preferred; (vi) any
merger or consolidation of the Company with one or more other corporations in which the
shareholders of the Company immediately after such merger or consolidation hold stock
representing less than a majority of the voting power of the outstanding stock of the
surviving corporation; (vii) the sale of all or substantially all the Companys assets; (viii) the
liquidation or dissolution of the Company; (ix) the declaration or payment of a dividend on
the Common Stock (other than a dividend payable solely in shares of Common Stock);

[(x) the license by the Company of any of its technology of such a manner as to have the
same economic effect as a sale or disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the
Company;] (xi) the repurchase by the Company of any shares of its capital stock, except
redemption or repurchase of shares of common stock from employees or consultants upon
termination of their employment or service pursuant to agreements providing for such
repurchase; or (xii) changes the authorized size of the Companys Board [unless required
during a future financing].

R I G H T S AG R E E M E N T
Registration Rights:
Comment: Generally, holders of 30% to 50% must
demand registration.

Demand Rights: If, at any time that is six months after the Companys initial public
offering [or: If, at any time on or after two years from the Closing Date], holders of at least
[40%] of the Preferred (or Common Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred or a
combination of such Common Stock and Preferred) request that the Company file a
registration statement for all or any portion of the Common Stock issued or issuable upon
conversion of the Preferred, having an aggregate offering price to the public of not less
than [$5,000,000], the Company will use its best efforts to cause such shares to be
registered, provided, however, that (a) the Company shall not be obligated to effect any
such registration within 90 days prior to the filing of, and [90 to 180] days following the
effective date of, a registration statement pertaining to an underwritten public offering of
the Companys securities, (b) such registration obligation shall be deferred not more than
six months from the date of receipt of request from the initiating holders if the Company
furnishes the initiating holders with a certificate of the Chairman of the Board stating that
in the good-faith judgment of the Board, it would be seriously detrimental to the Company
and its shareholders for such registration statement to be effected at such time, provided
that the right to delay a request may be exercised by the Company not more than once in
any 12-month period, and (c) the Company shall not be obligated to effect more than
[two] such demand registrations. Any such registration shall be firmly underwritten by an
underwriter of nationally recognized standing.

12.5

Comment: Registrations on Form S-3 not possible


until one year after IPO; shorter form, much less
expensive. Typically, offering must be between
$1 million and $5 million.

Registrations on Form S-3: Holders of at least 20% or more of the Preferred (or Common
Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred or a combination of such Common Stock
and Preferred) with proceeds of at least [$5,000,000] will have the right to require the
Company to file one registration statement annually on Form S-3 with respect to Common
Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred.

Comment: Limit underwriter cutback after IPO;


typically 20-30%.

Piggyback Registration: The Investor [and ______________, ______________ and ______________


(collectively, the Founders)] will be entitled to piggyback registration rights with
respect to offerings registered by the Company, subject to the right of the Company and its
underwriters, in view of market conditions, to reduce (but to no less than 30% of any
offering after the IPO) the number of shares of the Investor [and Founders] proposed to be
registered. [All shares proposed to be registered by the Founders shall be cut back prior to
any reduction of the number of shares proposed to be registered by the Investor.]

Comment: Founders may be given limited or


subordinate rights. Important to define Founders who
will have this right and who will be subject to Right of
First Refusal and Co-Sale Agreement (see below).

Registration Expenses: The registration expenses (exclusive of underwriting discounts and


commissions) of all demand registrations, Form S-3 registrations, and piggyback
registrations will be borne by the Company.
Transfer of Registration Rights: The registration rights may be transferred to a transferee
(other than a competitor of the Company) who acquires at least 10% of the Investors
shares. Transfer of registration rights to a partner, affiliate, or related entity of the Investor
will be without restrictions as to minimum shareholdings.
Comment: Underwriter lock-up provisions are
typically 180 days for IPOs. Some investors want no
more than 90 days agreed to in advance to preserve
ability to negotiate a shorter lockup period with
underwriters. This may, however, create a burden later
in getting numerous investors to agree to extend the
period at the time of the IPO.
Comment: Condition lockup on agreement of
officers, directors and holders of 1% or more of the
Companys securities being subject to same restrictions.
12.6

Other Registration Provisions: Other provisions will be contained in the Rights


Agreement with respect to registration rights, including cross indemnification, the
agreement by Investors if requested by the underwriter in a public offering not to sell any
Common Stock that they hold for a period of 180 days following the effective date of the
registration statement for the IPO or 90 days following a subsequently public offering
(subject to all directors, officers, and holders of 1% or more of the Companys securities
entering into similar agreements), the period of time in which the registration statement
will be kept effective, underwriting arrangements, and the like.

Comment: If we represent the Company, we will want


to be able to grant rights pari passu with the registration
rights contained in the Rights Agreement. Investors
should agree to this if the new rights holders are cutback prior to any investor being cut-back.

Granting of Subsequent Registration Rights: The Company shall not grant registration
rights to any third party that are superior to [or pari passu with] the registration rights set
forth in the Rights Agreement without the prior written consent of holders of a [majority]
of the Preferred.

Comment: Depending on composition of investors, may


want a threshold other than a simple majority. Company
will probably prefer a simple majority threshold.
Comment: The Company will want simpler termination
language, such as, upon any three-month period when the
Investors can sell all of their shares pursuant to Rule 144.

Termination of Registration Rights: The registration obligations of the Company shall


terminate five years after the initial public offering. In addition, the registration rights will
terminate if (i) the Company has completed its IPO, (ii) an Investor (together with its
affiliates, partners, and former partners) hold less than [1%] of the Companys outstanding
Common Stock (treating all shares of convertible preferred stock on an as-converted basis)
and (iii) all such stock held by an Investor (and its affiliates, partners, and former partners)
may be sold under Rule 144 during any ninety (90)-day period.

Information Rights:
Comment: Information rights and inspection rights
should have the same percent threshold. Will want
threshold high enough so that each small investor does
not have these rights, but each primary investor does
have these rights.
Comment: Sometimes information rights and
inspection rights will terminate if an investor begins
converting some of its preferred stock.

So long as an Investor holds not less than [5% to 15%] of the total Preferred issued in the
financing (or Common Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred or a combination of
such Common Stock and Preferred), the Company will deliver to the Investor audited
annual and unaudited quarterly financial statements. So long as the Investor holds not less
than _____% of the total Preferred issued in the financing (or Common Stock issued upon
conversion of the Preferred or a combination of such Common Stock and Preferred), the
Company will timely furnish the Investor with budgets and monthly financial statements.
These obligations of the Company will terminate upon a public offering of Common Stock
[or at such time as an Investor has converted more than [50%] of its Preferred into
Common Stock].

12.7

Inspection Rights:
The Company shall permit an Investor that holds not less than _____% of the total Preferred
issued in the financing (or Common Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred or a
combination of such Common Stock and Preferred) to visit and inspect the properties of the
Company, including its corporate and financial records, and to discuss its business and finances
with officers of the Company during normal business hours following reasonable notice.

Right of First Refusal:


Comment: Important to define the investors who will
have this right (generally the same as the ones who
have information and observation rights) and which
issuances of equity securities will not trigger this right.
Comment: Sometimes investors will want right to
subscribe for more than their pro-rata portion,
including, in some rare cases, all of a future financing.

In the event the Company offers equity securities (other than (i) options reserved at the
Closing under the Companys option plans, (ii) upon conversion of outstanding Preferred,
(iii) upon exercise of outstanding options or warrants, (iv) in connection with an acquisition
or a public offering that is approved by the [entire] board [, including the _________ director],
or (v) in connection with an equipment lease or commercial lending arrangement that has
been approved by the [entire] board [, including the _________ director], each Investor who
holds not less than _____% of the total Preferred issued in the financing (or Common Stock
issued upon conversion of Preferred or any combination of such Preferred and Common
Stock) shall have a right of first refusal to purchase such portion of those equity securities
as to maintain its pro-rata ownership interest in the Company. This right shall terminate
upon the closing of an IPO or an acquisition of the Company [or at such time as an
Investor has converted more than [50%] of its Preferred into Common Stock].

Miscellaneous Provision: Amendment/Waiver of Rights Agreement


Comment: Depending on composition of the investors,
may want to adjust threshold, though Company will
prefer a majority threshold.

12.8

No right may be waived and the Rights Agreement may not be amended without the
approval of the Company and the holders of a [majority] of the Preferred.

R I G H T O F F I R S T R E F U SA L A N D C O - SA L E AG R E E M E N T
Comment: The percent of stock that Founders may
transfer free of any restrictions ranges from 1% to
10%; generally, 5% is standard.

Right of First Refusal: Except for gifts to a spouse or children, or transfers to the estate of
a deceased shareholder, or transfers of up to [1% to 10%] of all of the Founders stock
(including all preferred and common stock), a Founder may not transfer any shares of the
Companys capital stock now owned or hereafter acquired without first offering it to the
Company and then to the Investors. [If an Investor does not exercise its pro-rata right, other
Investors that exercise their right may purchase the non-participating Investors portion.]
Put Right: In the event a Founder transfers his shares in violation of this Right of First
Refusal and Co-Sale Agreement, the Investors shall have the right to put a pro-rata portion
of their shares to such Founder.

F O U N D E R S TO C K- R E S T R I C T I O N AG R E E M E N T
Comment: The release of Founders shares from
Company right of repurchase is highly negotiated at the
time of first venture financing. Generally, the Founder
will be given some credit for work done prior to
financing so not all Founders shares will be subject to
right of repurchase. The Founders remaining shares will
be released from the repurchase option either monthly
thereafter (which is typical) or some portion one year
after the financing and then monthly thereafter.

Each Founder will execute a stock-restriction agreement with the Company pursuant to
which the Company will have a repurchase option to buy back at cost a portion of the
shares of stock held by such person in the event that such shareholders employment with
the Company is terminated, prior to the expiration of _____ months from the date of the
Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (the Measuring Date). A portion of the shares will
be released from the repurchase option based upon continued employment by the
Company as follows: [_____% will be released from the repurchase option as of the date of
the Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement; an additional _____% will be released from the
repurchase option on the first anniversary of the Measuring Date, and an additional _____%
will be released on the completion of each month thereafter.]

12.9

OT H E R AG R E E M E N T S A N D C O N D I T I O N S
Comment: You will need to think through the
representation and warranties. Generally, Investors want
cleaner reps and warranties with fewer qualifiers
(knowledge and materiality), while the Company will
want fewer reps and warranties and more qualifiers.

The Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement: The purchases of the Preferred will be made
pursuant to a Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement reasonably acceptable to the Company
and the Investors, which agreement shall contain, among other things, appropriate
representations and warranties of the Company, covenants of the Company reflecting the
provisions set forth herein and appropriate conditions to closing which will include, among
other things, qualification of the shares under applicable Blue Sky laws, the filing of Amended
and Restated Articles of Incorporation, and receipt of an opinion of counsel. The Preferred
Stock Purchase Agreement shall provide that it may only be amended and any waivers
thereunder shall only be made with the approval of the holders of a majority of the Preferred.
Proprietary Information and Inventions Agreement: Each officer and employee of the
Company will enter into a proprietary information and inventions agreement with the
Company.

Comment: Key-man insurance is good source of funds


for redemption in early-stage company, if investors have
requested the right of redemption.

Key Man Insurance: [$1,000,000] policy on the lives of each of the Founders, with the
Company as beneficiary [but with proceeds to be applied to redemption of Preferred Stock
at the election of holders of the majority of Preferred.]
Finders: The Company and the Investors shall each indemnify the other for any brokers or
finders fees for which either is responsible.

Comment: Investors counsel usually capped between


$10,000 and $30,000.

12.10

Expenses: The Company and the Investors will each bear their own legal and other
expenses with respect to the transaction (except that, assuming a successful completion of
the transaction, the Company will pay reasonable legal fees and expenses incurred by
counsel to the Investors, up to $__________).

Comment: If representing the Company, try to delete


bracketed language re [in their sole discretion].

The Closing: The Closing of the purchase of the Preferred will be conditioned upon
the following:

Completion of due diligence to the satisfaction of the Investors [in their sole discretion];
Compliance by the Company with applicable securities laws;

Opinion of counsel to the Company rendered to the Investors in form and substance
satisfactory to the Investors and their counsel;

[Other material conditions];

Such other conditions as are customary for transactions of this type.


C O R P O R AT E I N V E S TO R S
Comment: Should receive careful consideration when a
corporate investor is investing.

Confidentiality [and Standstill]: Each corporate investor will enter into a confidentiality
agreement covering standard information disclosed by the Company [and a standstill
agreement for a period of five years] [and will enter into a voting agreement agreeing to
vote all shares [in the event of a merger or acquisition of the Company or a sale of all
assets] in the same manner as the majority of all other shareholders]. Further, to avoid
conflicts of interest, any director [or observer] affiliated with such investor may be excluded
from any portion of any Board meeting when the majority of the other Board members
deems it to be appropriate to protect the interests of the other stockholders.

12.11

OT H E R M AT T E R S
In consideration of the Investors commitment of substantial resources to perform and
complete a due-diligence review of the Company, the Company agrees that during the
period between the acceptance of this Term Sheet and ______________, 200___, the Company
shall not enter into or continue discussions with any third party, either agent or principal,
concerning a possible investment, public offering, merger, acquisition, or other business
arrangement. If for any reason the Investors decide not to proceed with this investment,
they will provide immediate written or verbal notice to management of the Company, and
all terms, including the "exclusivity" outlined above, will terminate upon such notice.

This offer will expire if not accepted by _____________________.


Agreed and Accepted
_____________________________________________
[Company]

_____________________________________________
[Investors]

Date:__________________________

Date:__________________________

Counsel for the Company is:

Counsel for the Investors is:

12.12