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NCERT Solutions for Class 7th Science

Chapter 1 - NUTRITION IN PLANTS
Q.1

Why do organisms need to take food?

Ans

Organisms need food:
1) to survive.
2) to get energy for doing various activities like walking, studying etc.
3) for growth and maintenance of the body.

Q.2

Distinguish between a parasite and a saprotroph.

Ans
Parasite

Saprotroph

Organisms that grow on the body of Organisms that obtain nutrients from dead
another organisms and derive nutrients and decaying matter
from them
Eg. Cuscuta (Amarbel),

Eg. Fungi, mushroom

Q.3

How would you test the presence of starch in leaves?

Ans

The presence of starch can be determined by iodine test. Take two potted plants of the same kind.
Keep one in the dark (or in a black box) for 72 hours and the other in the sunlight. Now, take one
leaf from each potted plant and put a few drops of iodine solution on them. The leaf of the plant
which was kept in sunlight will show blue black colour indicating the presence of starch. The leaf
of the plant which was kept in dark will not show blue black colour indicating the absence of
starch.

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Comments and querries can be send to egyanbodh@gmail. chlorophyll (green pigment) containing cells of leaves. in the presence of sunlight. During photosynthesis. called stomata. Sources of components of photosynthesis: Water – It is absorbed by the roots from soil and transported to the leaves. Chlorophyll – Green pigment of leaves Sunlight – Solar energy from sun This document belongs to www.4 Give a brief description of the process of synthesis of food in green plants. © 2015 Kishan Rawat.egyanbodh.Q.wix. Page 2 .com. This document should be used for personal learning only and its Unauthorised Reproduction/Redistribution/Resale is strictly prohibited. Ans The synthesis of food in plants occurs in leaves by the process of photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide . use carbon dioxide and water to synthesise food in the form of carbohydrates.com/gyanbodh.Carbon dioxide from air is taken in through the tiny pores present on the surface of the leaves.

Ans Plants are the ultimate source of food because they make their own food and the rest of the organisms depend on them directly or indirectly.5 Show with the help of a sketch that the plants are the ultimate source of food.6 Fill in the blanks: (a) Green plants are called _________________ since they synthesise their own food.egyanbodh. Comments and querries can be send to egyanbodh@gmail. (b) The food synthesised by the plants is stored as starch. Ans (i) Cuscuta (Amarbel) (ii) Pitcher Plant (iii) Stomata This document belongs to www.com. (iii) The pores through which leaves exchange gases.wix. (c) In photosynthesis solar energy is captured by the pigment called chlorophyll. Page 3 . © 2015 Kishan Rawat. Q.7 Name the following: (i) A parasitic plant with yellow. (d) During photosynthesis plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. (b) The food synthesised by the plants is stored as _________________. Ans (a) Green plants are called autotrophs since they synthesise their own food. Q.Q. slender and tubular stem. (c) In photosynthesis solar energy is captured by the pigment called ___________. (d) During photosynthesis plants take in ___________ and release ____________. (ii) A plant that has both autotrophic and heterotrophic mode of nutrition. This document should be used for personal learning only and its Unauthorised Reproduction/Redistribution/Resale is strictly prohibited.com/gyanbodh.

Q. This document should be used for personal learning only and its Unauthorised Reproduction/Redistribution/Resale is strictly prohibited. (T) (iv) Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis. (F) (ii) Plants which synthesise their food themselves are called saprotrophs. Page 4 .com. (T/F) (iii) The product of photosynthesis is not a protein.9 Match the items given in Column I with those in Column II: Column I Column II Chlorophyll Bacteria Nitrogen Heterotrophs Amarbel Pitcher plant Animals Leaf Insects Parasite Ans Q.wix.8 Tick the correct answer: (a) Amarbel is an example of: (i) autotroph (ii) parasite (iii) saprotroph (iv) host Ans (a) (ii) parasite (b) The plant which traps and feeds on insects is: (i) Cuscuta (ii) china rose (iv) pitcher plant (iv) rose Ans (b) (iv) pitcher plant Q. © 2015 Kishan Rawat. (T) This document belongs to www. (T/F) (iv) Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis.com/gyanbodh. (T/F) Ans (i) Carbon dioxide is released during photosynthesis. Comments and querries can be send to egyanbodh@gmail. (F) (iii) The product of photosynthesis is not a protein.10 Column I Column II Chlorophyll Leaf Nitrogen Bacteria Amarbel Parasite Animals Heterotrophs Insects Pitcher plant Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false: (i) Carbon dioxide is released during photosynthesis. (T/F) (ii) Plants which synthesise their food themselves are called saprotrophs.egyanbodh.

wix. Comments and querries can be send to egyanbodh@gmail.11 Choose the correct option from the following: Which part of the plant takes in carbon dioxide from the air for photosynthesis? (i) Root hair (ii) Stomata (iii) Leaf veins (iv) Sepals Ans Q.12 (ii) Stomata Choose the correct option from the following: Plants take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere mainly through their: (i) roots (ii) stem (iii) flowers (iv) leaves Ans (iv) leaves This document belongs to www.Q. Page 5 . This document should be used for personal learning only and its Unauthorised Reproduction/Redistribution/Resale is strictly prohibited.egyanbodh.com. © 2015 Kishan Rawat.com/gyanbodh.