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MCQ 13.1

A statement about a population developed for the purpose of testing is called:

(a) Hypothesis

(b) Hypothesis testing

(c) Level of significance (d) Test-statistic

MCQ 13.2

Any hypothesis which is tested for the purpose of rejection under the assumption that it is true is

called:

(a) Null hypothesis (b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis (d) Composite hypothesis

MCQ 13.3

A statement about the value of a population parameter is called:

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Simple hypothesis (d) Composite hypothesis

MCQ 13.4

Any statement whose validity is tested on the basis of a sample is called:

(a) Null hypothesis (b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis

MCQ 13.5

A quantitative statement about a population is called:

(a) Research hypothesis (b) Composite hypothesis (c) Simple hypothesis (d) Statistical hypothesis

MCQ 13.6

A statement that is accepted if the sample data provide sufficient evidence that the null hypothesis is false is

called:

(a) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis

(d) Alternative hypothesis

MCQ 13.7

The alternative hypothesis is also called:

(a) Null hypothesis (b) Statistical hypothesis

MCQ 13.8

A hypothesis that specifies all the values of parameter is called:

(a) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis

(c) Statistical hypothesis

MCQ 13.9

The hypothesis 10 is a:

(a) Simple hypothesis

MCQ 13.10

If a hypothesis specifies the population distribution is called:

(a) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis

(c) Alternative hypothesis

MCQ 13.11

A hypothesis may be classified as:

(a) Simple

(b) Composite

(c) Null

MCQ 13.12

The probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is true is called:

(a) Level of confidence

(b) Level of significance

(c) Power of the test

MCQ 13.13

The dividing point between the region where the null hypothesis is rejected and the region where it is not

rejected is said to be:

(a) Critical region

(b) Critical value

(c) Acceptance region

(d) Significant region

MCQ 13.14

If the critical region is located equally in both sides of the sampling distribution of test-statistic, the test is

called:

(a) One tailed

(b) Two tailed

(c) Right tailed

(d) Left tailed

MCQ 13.15

The choice of one-tailed test and two-tailed test depends upon:

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) Alternative hypothesis

(c) None of these

MCQ 13.16

Test of hypothesis Ho: = 50 against H1: > 50 leads to:

(a) Left-tailed test

(b) Right-tailed test

(c) Two-tailed test

MCQ 13.17

Test of hypothesis Ho: = 20 against H1: < 20 leads to:

(a) Right one-sided test

(b) Left one-sided test

(c) Two-sided test

MCQ 13.18

Testing Ho: = 25 against H1: 20 leads to:

(a) Two-tailed test (b) Left-tailed test (c) Right-tailed test (d) Neither (a), (b) and (c)

MCQ 13.19

A rule or formula that provides a basis for testing a null hypothesis is called:

(a) Test-statistic

(b) Population statistic

(c) Both of these

MCQ 13.20

The range of test statistic-Z is:

(a) 0 to 1

(b) -1 to +1

(c) 0 to

(d) - to +

MCQ 13.21

The range of test statistic-t is:

(a) 0 to

(b) 0 to 1

(c) - to +

(d) -1 to +1

MCQ 13.22

If Ho is true and we reject it is called:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error

MCQ 13.23

The probability associated with committing type-I error is:

(a)

(b)

(c) 1

(d) 1

MCQ 13.24

A failing student is passed by an examiner, it is an example of:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error (c) Unbiased decision

MCQ 13.25

A passing student is failed by an examiner, it is an example of:

(a) Type-I error (b) Type-II error

(c) Best decision

(d) All of the above

MCQ 13.26

1 is also called:

(a) Confidence coefficient

MCQ 13.27

1 is the probability associated with:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error

MCQ 13.28

Area of the rejection region depends on:

(a) Size of

(b) Size of

(c) Test-statistic

MCQ 13.29

Size of critical region is known as:

(a)

(b) 1 -

MCQ 13.30

A null hypothesis is rejected if the value of a test statistic lies in the:

(a) Rejection region

(b) Acceptance region (c) Both (a) and (b)

MCQ 13.31

The test statistic is equal to:

MCQ 13.32

Level of significance is also called:

(a) Power of the test

(b) Size of the test (c) Level of confidence

MCQ 13.33

Level of significance lies between:

(a) -1 and +1

(b) 0 and 1

(d) - to +

(c) 0 and n

MCQ 13.34

Critical region is also called:

(a) Acceptance region

(b) Rejection region

MCQ 13.35

The probability of rejecting Ho when it is false is called:

(a) Power of the test

(b) Size of the test

(c) Level of confidence

MCQ 13.36

Power of a test is related to:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error

MCQ 13.37

In testing hypothesis + is always equal to:

(a) One

(b) Zero

(c) Two

MCQ 13.38

The significance level is the risk of:

(a) Rejecting Ho when Ho is correct

(c) Rejecting H1 when H1 is correct

(d) Accepting Ho when Ho is correct.

MCQ 13.39

An example in a two-sided alternative hypothesis is:

(a) H1: < 0

(b) H1: > 0

(c) H1: 0

(d) H1: 0

MCQ 13.40

If the magnitude of calculated value of t is less than the tabulated value of t and H1 is two-sided, we

should:

(a) Reject Ho

(b) Accept H1

(c) Not reject Ho

(d) Difficult to tell

MCQ 13.41

Accepting a null hypothesis Ho:

(a) Proves that Ho is true

(c) Implies that Ho is likely to be true

(d) Proves that 0

MCQ 13.42

The chance of rejecting a true hypothesis decreases when sample size is:

(a) Decreased

(b) Increased

(c) Constant

MCQ 13.43

The equality condition always appears in:

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) Simple hypothesis (c) Alternative hypothesis

MCQ 13.44

Which hypothesis is always in an inequality form?

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) Alternative hypothesis

MCQ 13.45

Which of the following is composite hypothesis?

(a) o

(b) o

(c) = o

(d) o

MCQ 13.46

P (Type I error) is equal to:

(a) 1

(b) 1

(c)

MCQ 13.47

P (Type II error) is equal to:

(a)

(b)

(c) 1

(d) 1

MCQ 13.48

The power of the test is equal to:

(a)

(b)

(c) 1

(d) 1

(d)

MCQ 13.49

The degree of confidence is equal to:

(a)

(b)

(c) 1

MCQ 13.50

/ 2 is called:

(a) One tailed significance level

(c) Left tailed significance level

(d) Right tailed significance level

(d) 1

MCQ 13.51

Students t-test is applicable only when:

(a) n30 and is known (b) n>30 and is unknown (c) n=30 and is known (d) All of the above

MCQ 13.52

Students t-statistic is applicable in case of:

(a) Equal number of samples (b) Unequal number of samples (c) Small samples (d) All of the above

MCQ 13.53

Paired t-test is applicable when the observations in the two samples are:

(a) Equal in number (b) Paired

(c) Correlation

(d) All of the above

MCQ 13.54

The degree of freedom for paired t-test based on n pairs of observations is:

(a) 2n - 1

(b) n - 2

(c) 2(n - 1) (d) n - 1

MCQ 13.55

The test-statistic

(a) n

(b) n - 1

(c) n - 2

(d) n1 + n2 - 2

MCQ 13.56

In an unpaired samples t-test with sample sizes n1= 11 and n2= 11, the value of tabulated t should be

obtained for:

(a) 10 degrees of freedom

(b) 21 degrees of freedom

(c) 22 degrees of freedom

(d) 20 degrees of freedom

MCQ 13.57

In analyzing the results of an experiment involving seven paired samples, tabulated t should be

obtained for:

(a) 13 degrees of freedom

(b) 6 degrees of freedom

(c) 12 degrees of freedom

(d) 14 degrees of freedom

MCQ 13.58

The mean difference between 16 paired observations is 25 and the standard deviation of differences is

10. The value of statistic-t is:

(a) 4

(b) 10

(c) 16

(d) 25

MCQ 13.59

Statistic-t is defined as deviation of sample mean from population mean expressed in terms of:

(a) Standard deviation

(b) Standard error

(c) Coefficient of standard deviation

(d) Coefficient of variation

MCQ 13.60

Students t-distribution has (n-1) d.f. when all the n observations in the sample are:

(a) Dependent

(b) Independent (c) Maximum

(d) Minimum

MCQ 13.61

The number of independent values in a set of values is called:

(a) Test-statistic

(b) Degree of freedom

(c) Level of significance (d) Level of confidence

MCQ 13.62

The purpose of statistical inference is:

(a) To collect sample data and use them to formulate hypotheses about a population

(b) To draw conclusion about populations and then collect sample data to support the conclusions

(c) To draw conclusions about populations from sample data

(d) To draw conclusions about the known value of population parameter

MCQ 13.63

Suppose that the null hypothesis is true and it is rejected, is known as:

(a) A type-I error, and its probability is

(b) A type-I error, and its probability is

(c) A type-II error, and its probability is

(d) A type-Il error, and its probability is

MCQ 13.64

An advertising agency wants to test the hypothesis that the proportion of adults in Pakistan who read a Sunday

Magazine is 25 percent. The null hypothesis is that the proportion reading the Sunday Magazine is:

(a) Different from 25%

(b) Equal to 25%

(c) Less than 25 %

(d) More than 25 %

MCQ 13.65

If the mean of a particular population is o,

is distributed:

(b) As a standard normal variable, if the sample is large

(c) As a standard normal variable, if the population is normal

(d) As the t-distribution with v = n - 1 degrees of freedom

MCQ 13.66

If 1 and 2 are means of two populations,

is distributed:

(a) As a standard normal variable, if both samples are independent and less than 30

(b) As a standard normal variable, if both populations are normal

(c) As both (a) and (b) state

(d) As the t-distribution with n1 + n2 - 2 degrees of freedom

MCQ 13.67

If the population proportion equals po, then

(a) As a standard normal variable, if n > 30

(b) As a Poisson variable

(c) As the t-distribution with v= n 1 degrees of freedom

(d) As a distribution with v degrees of freedom

is distributed:

MCQ 13.68

When is known, the hypothesis about population mean is tested by:

(a) t-test

(b) Z-test

(c) 2-test

(d) F-test

MCQ 13.69

Given o = 130,

(a) t

(b) Z

(c) 2

(d) F

MCQ 13.70

Given Ho: = o, H1: o, = 0.05 and we reject Ho; the absolute value of the Z-statistic must have equalled

or been beyond what value?

(a) 1.96

(b) 1.65

(c) 2.58

(d) 2.33

MCQ 13.71

If p1 and p2 are not identical, then standard error of the difference of proportions (p1 p2) is:

MCQ 13.72

Under the hypothesis Ho: p1 = p2, the formula for the standard error of the difference between

proportions (p1 p2) is:

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