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1. Matter can exist in 3 forms namely solids, liquids and gases.

(a) Name the only state of matter which can be easily compressed.

(b) In which state of matter are the particles fixed in a regular pattern?

(c) _______________ has the least density among the three states of matter.

(d)________________ has the maximum energy among the three states of matter.

(e) The particles in a substance stay the same, whether it is a solid, liquid, or a gas.
(True/False) (1+1+1+1+1 = 5 marks)

2. Jenny boils 2 litres of water in a large pan in her kitchen. After half an
hour, Jenny cools the water and measures it in a jug. There is only 1 litre

(a) Explain what has happened to the water that is not in the jug.

(b) Jenny notices that there are droplets of water on her kitchen window. Name the
process that has taken place to form the droplets.

(c) Jenny freezes the water in the jug to make some ice cubes. She thinks that the
particles will change when they change from a liquid to a solid. Is Jenny correct?
Explain your answer. (1+1+3 = 5 marks)
3. A student uses a deodorant in the corner of a changing room. After a
couple of minutes, everyone in that room can smell the deodorant.

(a) Name the process and explain how it works.

(b) The deodorant contains liquefied gas under high pressure. Therefore they flow
very easily and have very low density. Is this statement true? Explain your answer,

(2+2=4 marks)

4. Drivers are advised to check their car’s tyre pressures before setting
out on a long journey, particularly of the car is heavily loaded.

(a) Explain how the air molecules inside the car tyre exert pressure on the walls of
the tyre.

(b) In terms of the gas particles, explain why tyre pressure is increased when the
car is heavily loaded.

(c) Tyres at high very high pressure can be dangerous. Is this statement true or
false? Explain your answer.

(1+1+2 = 4
5. Match the following:

(a) Metals Transparent.

(b) Ceramics flexible and light weight.

(c) Fibres Strong, shiny, conducts electricity.

(d) Glass Brittle, withstand high temperatures.

(e) Plastics Tiny threads, strong and bendy.

(5 Marks)

6. Plastics which are used to cover electric wires and pan handles are
examples for insulators.

(a) Are plastics used for electric wires and pan handles are the same type of

(b) What are the 2 types of insulators?

(1+1 = 2

7. What is meant by the following words?

(a) Malleable

(b) Magnetic

(c) Translucent

(d) Brittle
(4 marks)

8. Write down any 4 properties of the following:

(a) Solids





(b) Liquids





(4+4 = 8 marks)

9. Write whether the following statements are true or false:

(a) The particles in gas have the most energy.

(b) Liquids don’t keep a definite shape.

(c) When you increase the temperature, it makes the particles to move faster.

(d) Diffusion is a slow process and happens only in gases.

(e) The conversion of a solid into a gas directly is known as sublimation.

(f) Glass can be coloured.

(g) The temperature at which a liquid turns into gas is known as the boiling point.

(h) The conversion of a gas into a solid directly is a rare process.

(8 marks)
10. Look into the following table

Substance Melting temperature Boiling temperature

(in degree Celsius) (in degree Celsius)

Water 100

Alcohol -114

(a) At 25 degree Celsius, which of the following will be in liquid state?

(b) Above 100 degree Celsius, in what state will water exist?

(c) At zero degree Celsius, which of the above be in liquid state?

(3 marks)

11. Kerry puts some bread into a toaster to make a toast. When the toast
is ready, she spreads it with butter. The butter melts.

(a) Is turning bread into toast a reversible process?

(b) Is the melting of butter a physical change or a chemical change? Explain your

(1+2 = 3 marks)
12. Look into the following table:


A White No No

B Shiny silver Yes Yes

C Brown No No

D Dull black Yes Yes

(a) Write down the letter of one solid that is a metal

(b) Substance D is not a metal. What is unusual about its properties?

(c) Which of these substances is not suitable to make a handle for a saucepan?

(d) Which of these substances is the best insulator?

(4 marks)

13. Match the following

(a) Conversion of a solid to a liquid Sublimation

(b) Conversion of a liquid to a gas Boiling

(c) Conversion of a gas to a liquid Freezing

(d) Conversion of a liquid to a solid Melting

(e) Conversion of a solid to a gas Condensing

(5 marks)