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SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ

PART-2
1.

In testing of hypothesis, type II error is represented by and the power of the test is
1 then
a. The probability of rejecting H0 when H1 is true
b. The probability of failing to reject H0 when H1 is true
c. The probability of failing to reject H0 when H0 is true
d. The probability of rejecting H0 when H0 is true
e. The probability of failing to reject H0.

2.

Which of the following is NOT correct?


a. The probability of a type I error is controlled by the selection of the level of
significance
b. The probability of a type II error is controlled by the sample size (n)
c. The power of a test depends upon the sample size and the distance between the
null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis
d. the p-value measures the probability that the null hypothesis is true.

3.

A 99 % confidence interval is calculated instead of a 95 % confidence interval with n


being the same the maximum error of estimate will be:
a. Smaller
b. Larger
c. The same
d. It cannot be determined.

4. Hypothesis is a test to:


a. Refute a claim based on some associated risk taken and depending on the
sample size taken.
b. Refute the alternative hypothesis based on 5 % risk only regardless of sample
taken.
c. Prove that the mean is not correct based on some associated risk.
d. Prove that a claim is wrong based on some calculated risk by testing every
individual samples in a sample size.
5. In a study, subjects are randomly assigned to one of three groups: control, experimental
A, or experimental B. After treatment, the mean scores for the three groups are
compared. The appropriate statistical test for comparing these means is:
a. the correlation coefficient

SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ


PART-2
b. chi square
c. the t-test
d. the analysis of variance
6.

A value of 0.55 for a correlation coefficient calculated from 42 pairs of data suggests
that
a. there is no relation between x and y
b. x and y decrease together
c. Y decreased as X increases
d. Not of above

7.

When we predict that condition A will be greater than condition B, we have made:
a.

A one-tailed prediction

b.

A two-tailed prediction

c.

A uni-directional prediction

d.

Both (a) and (c) above

8. If we have a 95% confidence interval of 3 2, what does it mean?


a.

The population mean is definitely between 1 and 5

b.

We are 95% sure that the population mean falls between 3 and 2

c.

We are 95% sure that the population mean falls between 1 and 5

d.

None of the above

9. In regression analysis, the variable that is being predicted is the


a. dependent variable
b. independent variable
c. intervening variable
d. None of the above answers is correct.
10. Analysis of variance is a statistical method of comparing the ________ of several
populations.
a. standard deviations
b. variances
c. means
d. proportions
e. none of the above

SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ


PART-2
11. A fisheries researcher wishes to test for a difference in mean weights of a single species
of fish caught by fishermen in three different lakes in Nova Scotia. The significance level
for the test will be 0.05. The null hypothesis for this analysis is:
a. Not all the fish populations have the same mean.
b. At least one of the fish populations has a different mean.
c. 1 = 2 = 3
d. 1 = 2 = 3 = 0
e. None of these.
12. The following are percentages of fat found in 5 samples of each of two brands of baby
food:
A: 5.7, 4.5, 6.2, 6.3, 7.3
B: 6.3, 5.7, 5.9, 6.4, 5.1
Which of he following procedures is appropriate to test the hypothesis of equal
average fat content in the two types of ice cream?
a. Paired t-test with 5 d.f
b. Two sample t-test with 8 d.f
c. Paired t-test with 4 d.f
d. Two sample t-test with 9 d.f
13. A Type II error means:
a.

We have rejected the null hypothesis when it is, in fact, true

b.

We have accepted the experimental hypothesis when it is false

c.

We have accepted the null hypothesis when it is, in fact, false

d.

None of the above

14. The term R-Square is used to determine:


a. The type of relationship
b. The variation explained by the predictors in response
c. The mathematical equation of relationship
d. None of above
15. If a sample size of 16 yields an average of 12 and standard deviation of 3, estimate the
95% confidence interval for the population (assume a normal distribution).
a. 10.40 < < 13.60
b. 10.45 < <13.55
c. 10.53 < <13.47

SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ


PART-2
d. 10.77 < <13.23
16. Hypothesis is a test to:
a. Refute a claim based on some associated risk taken and depending on the
sample size taken.
b. Refute the alternative hypothesis based on 5 % risk only regardless of sample
taken.
c. Prove that the mean is not correct based on some associated risk.
d. Prove that a claim is wrong based on some calculated risk by testing every
individual samples in a sample size.
17. the relation between x and y is curved The following data is helpful to find a regression
line between the two variables, Score 1(independent variable) and Score 2 (dependent
variable):

Score 1

Score 2

4.1

2.1

2.2

1.5

2.7

1.7

6.0

2.5

8.5

3.0

4.1

2.1

9.0

3.0

8.0

2.0

7.5

2.5

Which of the following is NOT a true statement related to the data presented above?
a. The coefficient of Score 1 is 0.173 with R-square = 72.1%
b. The equation is Score 2 = 1.27 + 0.173 Score 1with R-square = 95.7%
c. P-value for the regression is 0.004
d. 8th observation is found to be unusual with Score 1 = 8 and Score 2 = 2

SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ


PART-2
18. Which test should be applied to determine a confidence interval when sigma is not
known and the sample size is 20?
a. t test
b. Z test
c. Chi-square test
d. F test
19. A type I error occurs when:
a. Ho is rejected while it is true in reality
b. Ho is accepted while it is false in reality
c. Ho is rejected while it is false in reality
d. Ho is accepted while it is true in reality

20. Look at the following scattergram:

Which is the most sensible answer? The variables show a correlation of:
a.

+1.00

b.

-1.00

c.

+0.7

d.

-0.7

21. For a paired t-test with 40 participants, the appropriate DF is:


a. 20
b. 39
c. 38
d. none of these

SIX SIGMA BLACK BELT SAMPLE QUIZ


PART-2
22. In point estimation
a. data from the population is used to estimate the population parameter
b. data from the sample is used to estimate the population parameter
c. data from the sample is used to estimate the sample statistic
d. the mean of the population equals the mean of the sample
23. The ANOVA procedure is a statistical approach for determining whether or not
a. the means of two samples are equal
b. the means of two or more samples are equal
c. the means of more than two samples are equal
d. the means of two or more populations are equal
24. If the correlation coefficient is 0.8, the percentage of variation in the response variable
explained by the variation in the explanatory variable is
a. 0.80%
b. 80% c.
c. 0.64%
d. 64%