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Appendix F2: Basis of Planning - Wastewater Quality

Projections

Version 2.0
July 2010

Prepared by:
Carollo Engineers, Inc.
Registration No. F-882

Dallas Water Utilities

Table of Contents

Wastewater Quality Projections

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

Executive Summary .................................................................................................3


1.1
1.2
1.3

2.0

CWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data .........................................................5


2.1
2.2

3.0

Sampling Locations..................................................................................................... 13
Historical SWWTP Raw Wastewater Data and Trends .............................................. 14

Factors That Impact Future Wastewater Quality.................................................20


4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6

5.0

Sampling Locations....................................................................................................... 5
Historical Raw Wastewater Data and Trends ............................................................... 5

SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data .......................................................13


3.1
3.2

4.0

Wastewater Quality Historical Trends ........................................................................... 3


Factors that Impact Future Wastewater Quality............................................................ 4
Wastewater Quality Projections .................................................................................... 4

Wastewater Flow......................................................................................................... 20
Water Reuse ............................................................................................................... 20
Decentralized Wastewater Treatment......................................................................... 21
Land Use ..................................................................................................................... 21
Pretreatment Standards .............................................................................................. 22
Drinking Water Treatment ........................................................................................... 22

Summary.................................................................................................................23

Appendix A

Glossary of Acronyms and Terms............................................................24

Appendix B

References..................................................................................................25

Appendix C

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics.................................26

Appendix D

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics .............................31

Appendix E

CWWTP Historical Influent Flow Data ......................................................36

Appendix F

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics ........................37

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Executive Summary

1.0

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1

Wastewater Quality Historical Trends

Approximately nine years (2000-2009) of historical wastewater data were reviewed to establish
wastewater quality trends. At Central Wastewater Treatment Plant (CWWTP), actual raw influent data is
limited as the sampling locations prior to January 2009 were located at the primary clarifier influent, which
includes the trickling filter solids recirculation stream. At Southside Wastewater Treatment Plant
(SWWTP), the raw influent data is influenced by the plant sewer and filtrate from the solids thickening and
dewatering facilities. Using the historical influent wastewater quality data is slightly conservative because
the recycle streams contribute considerable amount of total suspended solids (TSS), Five-Day
Carbonaceous Biological Oxygen Demand (CBOD5), and ammonia (NH3-N) loadings. The key findings
are as follows:

1.1.1

Influent Five-Day Carbonaceous Biological Oxygen Demand

For CWWTP elevated CBOD5 concentrations and loadings occurred during 2005 and 2006. Since the
end of 2006, the loading of CBOD5 has reduced significantly to 183,400 pounds per day (ppd) in 2007,
169,500 ppd in 2008, and 148,500 ppd in 2009. Although there is recently a clear trend downward, the
planning criteria should not reflect such a sharp decrease, as it may be temporary.
For SWWTP, increased average CBOD5 concentrations and loadings have occurred since early 2005.
The planning criteria should assume that concentrations will remain at these levels. During this elevated
concentration and loading period (2005-2008), the maximum month peaking factor was 1.27.

1.1.2

Influent Total Suspended Solids

For CWWTP, with the exception of a high average load in 2002 and low loads in 2008 and 2009, the TSS
values have been relatively stable, with a slight increase over the last nine years. The 2002 maximum
month load of 470,300 ppd, which resulted in a 1.43 peaking factor, appears to be an isolated incident
and should not be used for planning purposes.
For SWWTP, TSS values have shown an increase in the last four years. For 2006-2009 the average
concentration was 224 mg/L with a maximum month peaking factor of 1.28.

1.1.3

Influent Ammonia

For CWWTP, the influent ammonia load has remained near the average of 18,000 ppd with the exception
of 2008. The maximum month load has trended downward since 2001 while the average concentrations
have trended upward. For 2007-2009 the average concentration was 16.0 mg/L. For 2000-2009 the
maximum month peaking factor ranges from 1.10 to 1.27.
For SWWTP, influent ammonia loads have been steady, with an average load of 10,400 ppd from 20002009. The maximum month load has trended downward since 2001, while the average concentrations
have trended upward. For 2006-2009 the average concentration was 19.0 mg/L. For the years 20002009, the maximum month peaking factor was 1.30.

1.1.4

Influent Total Phosphorus

For CWWTP, influent total phosphorus (TP) was only available from 2007-2008. During this period, the
average influent total phosphorus concentration is 7.2 mg/L with a maximum month peaking factor of
1.32.
For SWWTP, influent total phosphorus was only available from 2007-2008. During this period, the
average influent total phosphorus concentration is 5.6 mg/L with a maximum month peaking factor of
1.15.

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1.2

Executive Summary

Factors that Impact Future Wastewater Quality

Several factors were evaluated that may impact future wastewater quality, including wastewater flows,
water reuse, decentralized wastewater treatment, land use, pretreatment standards, and drinking water
treatment. With the exception of wastewater flow, the impacts of the other factors on wastewater quality
were found to be negligible. For planning purposes, the assumption is that wastewater flows will continue
to decrease for the next several years due to water conservation efforts. Between 2010 and 2020, it is
projected that the annual average flows will then begin to increase as water conversation bottoms out
and population increases.

1.3

Wastewater Quality Projections

Table 1-1 summarizes the wastewater quality projections for this planning period.

Table 1-1: Summary of Projected Wastewater Quality


Parameter

CWWTP (1)

SWWTP (1)

Combined (2)

2030

2030

2030

Flows
Average Annual Flow (2) (mgd)

99

98

197

205

162

184

169,500

132,400

301,900

1.73

1.47

1.62

293,200

194,400

487,600

240

228

234

198,400

186,700

385,100

1.40

1.34

1.37

277,800

250,000

527,800

17.0

18.6

17.8

14,100

15,200

29,300

1.40

1.30

1.35

19,700

19,800

39,600

7.0

6.2

6.6

Average Load (ppd)

5,800

5,200

11,000

Load Peaking Factor

1.40

1.40

1.40

8,100

7,300

15,400

CBOD5
Concentration milligrams per liter (mg/L)
Average Load pounds per day (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
TSS
Concentration (mg/L)
Average Load (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
NH3-N
Concentration (mg/L)
Average Load (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
Total Phosphorus
Concentration (mg/L)

Max. Month Load (ppd)


1

Projections based on future CWWTP/SWWTP flow split where a portion of flows from CWWTP will be
diverted to SWWTP. The loading rates reflect the combined concentration.
Based on WWTFSP Wastewater Flow Projections, TM Version 2.0, July 2010..(Ref. 135)

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2.0

CWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

CWWTP HISTORICAL WASTEWATER QUALITY DATA

The CWWTP consists of two parallel trickling-filter treatment plants, referred to as the Dallas Plant (DP)
and White Rock Plant (WRP), followed by a combined activated sludge and effluent filter facilities.
Approximately one-third of the influent flow is treated at the DP, and the remaining flow is treated at the
WRP. Appendix C through Appendix E present data figures and tables that summarize the historical
CWWTP data collected for the DP and the WRP. The data for the two plants has been combined and
analyzed. Nine years (2000-2009) of wastewater quality data were obtained from DWU staff.
The wastewater quality projections assume that there are no changes to the current flow split ratio
between the CWWTP and SWWTP. The impact of future changes in the flow split ratio is discussed in
Section 4.0.

2.1

Sampling Locations

Actual raw influent data is limited because the sampling locations prior to January 2009 were located
downstream of the headworks facilities. This is significant since the primary clarifier influent sample
includes the solids recycle flow from the secondary clarifiers at DP and WRP and the Waste Activated
Sludge (WAS) from the Activated Sludge Complexes A and B. In the event that the trickling filters are
decommissioned and the WAS is redirected to the solids holding tank, solids recycle flow to the plants
would be reduced, resulting in lower TSS and CBOD5 values. Therefore, using the historical influent
wastewater quality data is slightly conservative. Figure 2-1 shows the sampling locations at CWWTP.

2.2

Historical Raw Wastewater Data and Trends

The following paragraphs detail the raw loadings of CBOD5, TSS, NH3-N, and total phosphorous
associated with various flow conditions. Prior to January 2009, the raw wastewater samples were taken
just upstream of the primary clarifiers. Therefore, the raw wastewater loading data is influenced by the
secondary solids recycle stream in the plant, as described in Section 2.1.
DWU Historical CWWTP Data, 1999-2009, provides the data for the tables, charts, and graphs. (Ref. 28)

2.2.1

Influent CBOD5

Figure 2-2 presents the CWWTP daily average influent CBOD5 loading from the DWUs operations data
for June 2000 to June 2009. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was calculated. Table 2-1
summarizes the calculated CBOD5 load peaking factors.

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Figure 2-1: CWWTP Sampling Locations

Legend: Sampling Locations


DRI1
DRI2
DPE
DSI
DSE
WRI1
WRI2
WRI
WPE
WSE
ASI
FCI
FCE
PE

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Dallas Plant Raw Influent (2000-2008)


Dallas Plant Raw Influent (2008)
Dallas Plant Primary Effluent
Dallas Plant Secondary Influent
Dallas Plant Secondary Effluent
White Rock Plant Raw Influent (2000-2008)
White Rock Plant Raw Influent (2009)
White Rock Plant Secondary Influent
White Rock Plant Primary Effluent
White Rock Plant Secondary Effluent
Activated Sludge Influent
Filter Complex Influent
Filter Complex Effluent
Plant Effluent

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CWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

Figure 2-2: CWWTP Average Influent CBOD5 Loading


600

CBOD5 Loading, ppd x 1000

500

400
2005-06 Avg = 269
2000-04 Avg = 231
300

2007-09 Avg = 159


200

100

Jan-10

Jul-09

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Table 2-1: CWWTP Influent CBOD5 Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

184

215,700

253,300

1.17

2001

181

224,500

272,800

1.22

2002

209

259,400

320,500

1.24

2003

198

218,400

288,500

1.32

2004

205

239,500

265,200

1.11

2005

256

277,600

334,700

1.21

2006

255

259,600

325,600

1.25

2007

176

183,400

223,300

1.22

2008

197

169,500

210,800

1.24

2009

170

148,500

165,400

1.11

Average

203

219,600

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CWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

As shown in Figure 2-2 and Table 2-1, elevated average CBOD5 concentration and loading occurred
during 2005 and 2006. Since the end of 2006, the loading of CBOD5 has reduced significantly to 183,400
ppd in 2007, and 169,500 ppd in 2008 and 148,500 ppd in 2009. Although there is recently a clear trend
downward, the planning criteria should not reflect such a sharp decrease as this may be temporary. The
maximum month loading, based on the 2000-2009 average CBOD5 concentration of 203 mg/L, the
projected wastewater flow for 2030 of 113 mgd, and the peaking factor of 1.3, is 248,700 ppd, which is
lower than the historic maximum month. Based on those factors and for scenarios with no changes to the
current flow split ratio, a CBOD5 concentration of 205 mg/L and a maximum month load of 334,700 ppd
(1.73 peaking factor) are recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is
diverted to SWWTP the concentration and maximum month load peaking factor will remain the same, but
the load will be reduced relative to the amount of flow diverted to SWWTP.

2.2.2

Influent Total Suspended Solids

The CWWTP daily average influent TSS loading from the DWUs operations data for June 2009 is
presented in Figure 2-3. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was calculated. Table 2-2
summarizes the calculated TSS load peaking factors.

Figure 2-3: CWWTP Average Influent TSS Loading


900

800

700

TSS Loading, ppd x 1000

600

500

2000-04 Avg = 275

400

2005-06 Avg = 252

2007-09 Avg = 210

300

200

100

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Jul-04

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Jul-03

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Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

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Table 2-2: CWWTP Influent TSS Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

239

280,300

373,100

1.33

2001

217

268,100

349,300

1.30

2002

265

329,100

470,300

1.43

2003

219

242,400

340,900

1.41

2004

214

252,700

324,200

1.28

2005

241

262,600

335,100

1.28

2006

236

241,600

283,400

1.17

2007

242

254,300

315,300

1.24

2008

242

208,200

256,700

1.23

2009

239

211,400

248,500

1.18

Average

236

251,100

Table 2-2 shows the CWWTP influent TSS average concentration and load. With the exception of a high
average load in 2002 (329,100 ppd) and a low loads in 2008 (208,200 ppd) and 2009 (211,400 ppd), the
TSS values have been relatively stable and increasing slightly in the last nine years. The 2002 maximum
month load appears to be an isolated incident and should not be used for planning purposes. Excluding
2002 the maximum month peaking factor was 1.41. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no
changes to the current flow split ratio, a TSS concentration of 240 mg/L and a maximum month load
peaking factor of 1.40 are recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is
diverted to SWWTP the concentration and maximum month load peaking factor will remain the same, but
the load will be reduced relative to the amount of flow diverted to SWWTP.

2.2.3

Influent Ammonia

The CWWTP daily average influent ammonia loading from the DWUs operations data for June 2000 to
January 2009 is presented in Figure 2-4. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was
calculated. Table 2-3 summarizes the calculated ammonia load peaking factors.

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Figure 2-4: CWWTP Average Influent Ammonia Loading


40

35

Ammonia-N Loading, ppd x 1000

30

2000-04 Avg = 18.9

2005-06 Avg = 18.9

25

2007-09 Avg = 15.1


20

15

10

Table 2-3: CWWTP Influent NH3-N Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

16.5

19,300

22,200

1.15

2001

15.1

18,700

23,800

1.27

2002

16.0

19,800

23,200

1.17

2003

16.6

18,200

22,300

1.23

2004

15.7

18,400

20,500

1.12

2005

17.6

19,100

21,100

1.11

2006

18.5

18,700

20,900

1.12

2007

16.9

17,600

20,100

1.14

2008

18.4

15,700

18,800

1.20

2009

16.8

14,600

15,300

1.05

Average

16.9

18,000

Except for 2008 and 2009, the CWWTP influent ammonia load has remained near the average of 18,200
ppd. The maximum month load has trended downward since 2001, while the average concentrations

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CWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

have trended upward. For 2007-2009 the average concentration was 16.0 mg/L. For 2000-2009 the
maximum month peaking factor was 1.27. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no changes to
the current flow split ratio, a NH3-N concentration of 17 mg/L and a maximum month load peaking factor
of 1.30 are recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is diverted to SWWTP
the concentration and maximum month load peaking factor will remain the same, but the load will be
reduced relative to the amount of flow diverted to SWWTP.

2.2.4

Influent Total Phosphorous

Figure 2-5 presents the CWWTP daily average influent total phosphorous loading from the DWUs
operations data for June 2007 to August 2008. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was
calculated. Table 2-4 summarizes the calculated phosphorus load peaking factors.

Figure 2-5: CWWTP Average Influent Total Phosphorus Loading

14

12

Total P Loading, ppd x 1000

10

2007-09 Avg = 6.0

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Feb-09

Dec-08

Oct-08

Aug-08

Jul-08

May-08

Mar-08

Jan-08

Nov-07

Sep-07

Jul-07

May-07

Mar-07

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Table 2-4: CWWTP Influent Total Phosphorus Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2007-2009

6.4

6,000

8,500

1.34

For this time period, the CWWTP average influent total phosphorus concentration is 6.7 mg/L with a
maximum month peaking factor of 1.34. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no changes to the
current flow split ratio, a TP concentration of 7.0 mg/L is recommended for planning purposes. Due to the
limited data set, a 1.40 maximum month load peaking factor is recommended for planning purposes. For
scenarios in which more flow is diverted to SWWTP the concentration and peaking factor will remain the
same, but the load will be reduced relative to the amount of flow diverted to SWWTP.

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SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

SWWTP HISTORICAL WASTEWATER QUALITY DATA

The SWWTP is an activated sludge WWTP. Raw wastewater is screened and pumped to grit removal
facilities. Grit removal is followed by primary clarification, aerobic suspended growth activated sludge,
final clarification, disinfection, and monomedia filtration. Appendix F presents data figures and tables that
summarize historical data SWWTP collected.
The wastewater quality projections assume no changes to the current flow split ratio between CWWTP
and SWWTP. The impact of future changes in the flow split ratio is discussed in Section 4.0.

3.1

Sampling Locations

The raw wastewater samples are downstream of the influent screens in Influent Pump Station (IPS) C at
the grit building. Therefore, the concentration of the raw wastewater is influenced by the plant sewer
effluent. The plant sewer waste stream includes filtrate from dewatering and thickening. Figure 3-1
shows sampling locations.

Figure 3-1: SWWTP Sampling Locations

Legend: Sampling Locations


RI
RIA
REC
PRE
PREA
FE1
FE2
CC1
CC2
PE

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Plant Raw Influent


Plant Raw Influent Alternate
Recycle Line
Primary Effluent
Primary Effluent Alternate
Final Clarifier Effluent 1
Final Clarifier Effluent 2
Chlorine Contact Effluent 1
Chlorine Contact Effluent 2
Plant Effluent

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3.2

SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

Historical SWWTP Raw Wastewater Data and Trends

The following paragraphs detail raw loadings of CBOD5, TSS, ammonia, and total phosphorous
associated with various flow conditions. The plant sewer waste stream includes several recycle streams
as described in Section 3.1. Since changes to these recycle streams are not anticipated, this data is
representative of what the plant will be treating in the future.
DWU Historical SWWTP Data, 1999-2009, provides the data for the tables, charts, and graphs. (Ref. 29)

3.2.1

Influent CBOD5

Figure 3-2 presents the SWWTP daily average influent CBOD5 loading from the DWUs operations data
for January 2000 to June 2009. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was calculated. Table
3-1 summarizes the calculated CBOD5 load peaking factors.

Figure 3-2: SWWTP Average Influent CBOD5 Loading


200

180

160

CBOD5, Loading, ppd x 1000

140

120

2007-09 Avg = 80.1


2000-06 Avg = 79.1

100

80

60

40

20

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Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

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Table 3-1: SWWTP Influent CBOD5 Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

137

84,400

102,700

1.22

2001

118

75,700

91,900

1.21

2002

131

75,300

95,300

1.27

2003

123

65,800

76,600

1.16

2004

131

82,900

90,800

1.10

2005

153

75,700

95,300

1.26

2006

153

91,300

107,500

1.18

2007

139

86,100

98,500

1.14

2008

162

86,700

110,100

1.27

2009

132

73,900

86,600

1.17

Average

138

79,800

As shown in Figure 3-2 and Table 3-1, increased average CBOD5 concentration and loading has occurred
since early 2005. The planning criteria should assume that concentrations will remain at these levels.
During this elevated concentration and loading period (2005-2009), the maximum month peaking factor
was 1.27. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no changes to the current flow split ratio, an
average CBOD5 concentration of 150 mg/L with a 1.30 peaking factor is recommended for planning
purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is diverted to the SWWTP to the concentration and
maximum month load peaking factor will be increased relative to the amount of flow diverted to the
SWWTP.

3.2.2

Influent TSS

Figure 3-3 presents the SWWTP daily average influent TSS loading from the DWUs operations data for
January 2000 to June 2009. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was calculated. Table 3-2
summarizes the calculated TSS load peaking factors.

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Figure 3-3: SWWTP Average Influent TSS Loading


400

350

300

250

TSS Loading, ppd x 1000

2007-09 Avg = 131.1


200

2000-06 Avg = 94.6

150

100

50

Table 3-2: SWWTP Influent TSS Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

174

109,200

160,200

1.47

2001

153

98,700

116,800

1.18

2002

154

89,000

125,800

1.41

2003

148

79,500

99,600

1.25

2004

155

99,100

124,200

1.25

2005

160

80,500

115,200

1.43

2006

179

107,100

135,000

1.26

2007

213

135,600

165,200

1.22

2008

244

131,600

168,200

1.28

2009

214

125,900

152,800

1.21

Average

179

105,600

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Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

Table 3-2 shows the SWWTP influent TSS average concentration and load. TSS values have shown an
increase in the last three years. For 2006-2009 the average concentration was 224 mg/L with a
maximum month peaking factor of 1.28. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no changes to the
current flow split ratio, a TSS concentration of 225 mg/L and a maximum month loading peaking factor of
1.30 are recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is diverted to SWWTP
the concentration and maximum month load peaking factor will be increased relative to the amount of flow
diverted to SWWTP.

3.2.3

Influent Ammonia

Figure 3-4 presents the SWWTP daily average influent ammonia loading from the DWUs operations data
for January 2000 to June 2009. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was calculated. Table
3-3 summarizes the calculated ammonia load peaking factors.

Figure 3-4: SWWTP Average Influent NH3-N Loading


25

2007-09 Avg = 10.4

NH3-N Loading, ppd x 1000

20

15

10

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Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

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Section 3.0

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

Table 3-3: SWWTP Influent NH3-N Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2000

19.4

12,000

14,400

1.20

2001

15.5

10,000

13,000

1.30

2002

17.0

9,700

12,400

1.28

2003

17.9

9,600

10,700

1.11

2004

15.8

9,900

11,800

1.19

2005

18.5

9,300

11,200

1.20

2006

18.0

10,700

12,800

1.20

2007

18.0

11,100

12,400

1.11

2008

20.1

10,800

12,000

1.11

2009

19.0

10,700

12,900

1.23

Average

18.0

10,400

The SWWTP influent ammonia load has been steady, with an average load of 10,400 ppd from 20002009. The maximum month load has trended downward since 2001, while the average concentrations
have trended upward. For 2006-2009 the average concentration was 19.0 mg/L. For 2000-2008 the
maximum month peaking factor is 1.30. Based on these factors, an average ammonia concentration of
19.0 mg/L with a 1.30 peaking factor is recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which
more flow is diverted to SWWTP the concentration and maximum month load peaking factor will remain
the same, but the load will be increased relative to the amount of flow diverted to SWWTP.

3.2.4

Influent Total Phosphorous

Figure 3-5 presents the SWWTP daily average influent total phosphorous loading from the DWUs
operations data for June 2007 to August 2008. From the daily values, a 30-day running average was
calculated. Table 3-4 summarizes the calculated phosphorus load peaking factors.

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SWWTP Historical Wastewater Quality Data

Figure 3-5: SWWTP Average Influent Total Phosphorus Loading


6
2007-09 Avg = 3.4

Total P Loading, ppd x 1000

Aug-08

Jul-08

Jun-08

May-08

Apr-08

Mar-08

Feb-08

Jan-08

Dec-07

Nov-07

Oct-07

Sep-07

Aug-07

Jul-07

Jun-07

Table 3-4: SWWTP Influent Total Phosphorus Load Peaking Factors


Year

Average
Concentration
(mg/L)

Average Load
(ppd)

Maximum Month
Load (ppd)

Maximum Month
Peaking Factor

2007-08

5.6

3,400

3,900

1.15

For this time period, the SWWTP average influent total phosphorus concentration is 5.6 mg/L with a
maximum month peaking factor of 1.15. Based on these factors and for scenarios with no changes to the
current flow split ratio, a TP concentration of 6 mg/L and a maximum month loading peaking factor of 1.40
are recommended for planning purposes. For scenarios in which more flow is diverted to SWWTP the
raw influent concentration will likely increase due to a higher strength in the CWWTP wastewater. For
scenarios in which more flow is diverted to SWWTP the maximum month load peaking factor will remain
the same, but the concentration and load will be increased relative to the amount of flow diverted to
SWWTP.

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Section 4.0

Wastewater Quality Projections

4.0

Factors That Impact Future Wastewater Quality

FACTORS THAT IMPACT FUTURE WASTEWATER QUALITY

Several factors were evaluated that may impact future wastewater quality:

Wastewater flow

Water reuse

Decentralized wastewater treatment

Land use

Pretreatment standards

Drinking water treatment

4.1

Wastewater Flow

Table 4-1 shows the projections for the future annual average flows (AAF combined). For planning
purposes, the assumption is that the annual average wastewater flows will continue to decrease for the
next several years due to water conservation efforts. Between 2010 and 2020 the annual average flows
will then begin to increase as water conversation bottoms-out and population increases.

Table 4-1: Wastewater Flow Projections Annual Average Flow

CWWTP AAF

(1)

SWWTP AAF

(1)

Combined AAF

2010

2030

(mgd)

109

99

(mgd)

65

98

174

197

(2)

(mgd)

Based on WWTFSP TM Wastewater Flow Projections (Ref. 135). Projections based


on current CWWTP/SWWTP flow split remaining the same.

When evaluating varying CWWTP/SWWTP flow splits combined projections should be


used.

The WWTFSP wastewater flow projections assume no changes in the current flow split between the
CWWTP and SWWTP. Diversion of flow from SWWTP to the CWWTP is not anticipated because the
SWWTP currently operates well below the permitted capacity. Therefore, future changes in the flow split
ratio should not significantly impact the CWWTP raw influent TSS, CBOD5, and TP concentrations.
Wastewater flow diversion from CWWTP to the SWWTP will result in increased raw influent TSS, CBOD5
and TP concentrations.

4.2

Water Reuse

DWU has developed plans to use reclaimed water for both direct reuse and indirect reuse (augmentation
of raw water supplies). These plans and the potential impacts of direct and indirect reuse on WWTP
influent flows and loads are discussed in the subsequent sections.

4.2.1

Direct Reuse

In 2005, DWU developed a Recycled Water Implementation Plan (Ref. 16) for direct reuse projects. Two
direct reuse projects were recommended: the Cedar Crest Pipeline Extension and the White Rock
Pipeline Alternative. Both of these projects would be supplied with reclaimed water from the CWWTP.
The Cedar Crest Pipeline Extension and White Rock Pipeline alternative will provide 6 mgd for domestic
use and 3 mgd for irrigation use.
The planned direct reuse projects are not projected to change the AAF. Reclaimed water does have a
different quality than potable water, causing a slight change in the load returned to the collection system.

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Factors That Impact Future Wastewater Quality

However, these loads are so small that they are negligible in the future wastewater quality projections.
Both recommended direct reuse projects are expected to be completed within the next five years.

4.2.2

Indirect Reuse

Augmenting raw water supplies with reclaimed water does not change water demand, so it has generally
no effect on wastewater flow. However, generally reclaimed water contains more chlorides, sulfates, and
total dissolved solids (TDS) than the raw water supply. Discharging reclaimed water to the raw water
supply begins a feedback loop that tends to increase the concentrations of these constituents both in the
raw water supply and in return flows, thereby increasing the loading of these constituents at the WWTPs.
Nevertheless, preliminary analysis indicates that the maximum annual average chlorides, sulfates, and
TDS concentrations in the treated effluent would still be less than the Texas Surface Water Quality
Standards (TSWQS) (Ref. 59) for the Upper Trinity River, which is the receiving water body for the
CWWTP and SWWTP. The preliminary analysis depends on the following assumptions:

Reclaimed water augmentation rates for DWUs water supply lakes are limited to meet the existing
TSWQS.

No other significant sources of TDS, chlorides, and sulfates (such as a large industrial customer) will
contribute wastewater flow to the collection system during the planning period.

Therefore, removal of chlorides, sulfates, or TDS prior to discharge of the treated effluent to the Upper
Trinity River does not appear to be necessary.

4.3

Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

The Recycled Water Implementation Plan (Ref. 16) did not recommend implementation of any
decentralized wastewater treatment plants (water factories). In addition, any water factories to be
reconsidered in the future would likely be Reclaimed Water Production Facilities (RWPFs) (Ref. 119) due
to the relative ease of permitting. For these reasons, it appears unlikely that decentralized treatment will
impact the wastewater quality for this planning period.

4.4

Land Use

In June 2006, Dallas adopted the forwardDallas! Comprehensive Plan (Ref. 123) to shape growth in the
city through 2030. The forwardDallas! plan incorporated previous planning efforts including the following:

1994 Dallas Plan

1987 City of Dallas Growth Policy Plan

2006 Trinity River Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2005 Strategic Engagement Economic Development Plan

Many other area plans

Changes in land use can impact the wastewater flow and loading at the WWTPs. According to
forwardDallas! only 42 percent of Dallas land has been developed. Of the remainder, some land is not
available for development due to such constraints as floodplains, steep slopes, wetland and riparian
areas, parks, and open spaces. According to the plan, approximately 18 percent or 44,289 acres of land
is buildable and vacant land. The majority of this land is located in the southern sector, with other small
sites scattered throughout the city. In addition, there is a significant amount of underutilized land (e.g.,
infrequently used parking lots near commercial buildings) that could be redeveloped.
The timing of the population growth projected in the forwardDallas! Comprehensive Plan (Ref. 123)
conflicts significantly with the projections in the 2006 Region C Water Plan. (Ref. 118) The forwardDallas!
2030 population projection is based on the 2000 U.W. Census ratio of 2.58 people per household. (Ref.
124) This estimate is similar to the Region C 2050 population projection and it exceeds the Region C
2030 population projection by more than 250,000 people, or 17 percent, as shown in Table 3-1. During
development of the Comprehensive Wastewater Collection System Assessment (CWWCSA) City of

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Section 4.0

Wastewater Quality Projections

Factors That Impact Future Wastewater Quality

Dallas Wastewater Collection System Master Plan (Ref. 20), DWU directed that planning of wastewater
collection facilities be based on the Region C population projections.
The forwardDallas! Comprehensive Plan (Ref. 123) contains maps showing existing and projected 2030
land use acreage for different land use categories. However, assuming that growth occurs according to
the Region C projections, the related timing of the projected land use changes is not clear. In addition,
the projected influent flows to the WWTPs include increases in residential flow due to population growth
and increases in industrial and commercial flow due to population growth and redevelopment. Therefore,
no additional adjustments to project wastewater quality were necessary for planning purposes.

4.5

Pretreatment Standards

For many constituents, DWU has established technically-based local limits (TBLLs) that specify the
maximum concentrations that commercial and industrial customers can discharge to the wastewater
collection system. TBLLs are designed to prevent the introduction of pollutants into the collection system
that would cause the WWTPs to violate the effluent quality limits established in TPDES permits or that
would interfere with WWTP operations, including solids disposal practices.
An evaluation of DWUs technically based local limits (TBLLs) was conducted in 2003. The evaluation
recommended elimination of TBLLs for BOD and TSS and development of a surcharge program to limit
BOD and TSS and to collect revenue for the additional treatment provided. No TBLLs were proposed for
flow, ammonia, total phosphorus, alkalinity, or total Kjeldahl nitrogen. As a result of this evaluation, DWU
submitted an application to the TCEQ in October 2003 for approval of revisions to the TBLLs. The TCEQ
has not yet approved the revised TBLLs.
It is projected that industrial wastewater concentrations will be unchanged. Therefore, no additional
adjustments to projected wastewater quality were necessary for planning purposes.

4.6

Drinking Water Treatment

DWU is considering changes in solids disposal at its water treatment plants. These changes could
impact wastewater characteristics. However, information regarding these changes is unavailable at the
time of this document. If appropriate, corrections to the projected wastewater characteristics will be
addressed in future documents. The projections presented in this document do not account for changes
in solids disposal at DWU water treatment plants.

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Section 5.0

Wastewater Quality Projections

5.0

Summary

SUMMARY

Table 5-1 summarizes the wastewater quality projections, for this planning period.

Table 5-1: Projections for Wastewater Quality


Parameter

CWWTP
2010

SWWTP

2030

(1)

2010

Combined

2030

(1)

2030 (1)

2010

Flows (mgd)
AAF (mgd) (2)

109

99

65

98

174

197

205

205

150

162

184

184

186,600

169,500

81,400

132,400

268,000

301,900

1.73

1.73

1.30

1.47

1.60

1.60

322,800

293,200

105,800

194,400

428,600

487,600

240

240

225

228

234

234

218,400

198,400

122,100

186,700

340,500

385,100

1.40

1.40

1.30

1.34

1.36

1.37

305,800

277,800

158,700

250,000

464,500

527,800

17.0

17.0

19.0

18.6

17.7

17.8

15,500

14,100

10,300

15,200

25,800

29,300

1.30

1.40

1.30

1.30

1.30

1.35

20,200

19,700

13,400

19,800

33,600

39,600

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.2

6.6

6.6

Average Load (ppd)

6,400

5,800

3,300

5,200

9,700

11,000

Load Peaking Factor

1.40

1.40

1.40

1.40

1.40

1.40

9,000

8,100

4,600

7,300

13,600

15,400

CBOD5
Concentration (mg/L)
Average Load (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
TSS
Concentration (mg/L)
Average Load (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
Ammonia (NH3-N)
Concentration (mg/L)
Average Load (ppd)
Load Peaking Factor
Max. Month Load (ppd)
Total Phosphorus
Concentration (mg/L)

Max. Month Load (ppd)


1

Projections based on future CWWTP/SWWTP flow split where a portion of flows from CWWTP will be
diverted to SWWTP. The loading rates reflect the combined concentration.

Based on WWTFSP TM Wastewater Flow Projections (Ref. 135). Projections based on current
CWWTP/SWWTP flow split remaining the same.

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Appendix A

Wastewater Quality Projections

Glossary of Acronyms and Terms

Appendix A Glossary of Acronyms and Terms


Acronym or Term

Definition

AAF

Annual Average Flow

BOD

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

CBOD5

Five-Day Carbonaceous Biochemical Oxygen Demand

CWWTP

Central Wastewater Treatment Plant

DP

Dallas Plant

DWU

Dallas Water Utilities

gpcd

Gallons Per Capita per Day

gpm

Gallons Per Minute

IPS

Influent Pump Station

Liter

lbs

Pounds

mg/L

Milligrams per Liter

mgd

Million Gallons per Day

NH3

Ammonia

NH3-N

Ammonia-nitrogen

Phosphorous

pH

Potential of Hydrogen (measure of acidity)

ppd

Pounds per Day

RWPFs

Reclaimed Water Production Facilities

SWWTP

Southside Wastewater Treatment Plant

TBLL

Technically Based Local Limits

TCEQ

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

TDS

Total Dissolved Solids

TF

Trickling Filter

TKN

Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen

TN

Total Nitrogen

TP

Total Phosphorus

TS

Total Solids

TSS

Total Suspended (non-filterable) Solids

TSWQS

Texas Surface Water Quality Standards

VS

Volatile Solids

WRP

White Rock Plant

WWTP

Wastewater Treatment Plant

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Appendix B

Wastewater Quality Projections

References

Appendix B References
Reference
Number

Reference Information

16

Alan Plummer & Associates. Recycled Water Implementation Plan, Volume 1. Alan
Plummer & Associates, Dallas: Alan Plummer & Associates, August, 2005.

20

MWH. Comprehensive Wastewater Collection System Assessment (CWWCSA) City


of Dallas Wastewater Collection System Master Plan. Dallas: MWH, October 2007.

28

Dallas Water Utilities. DWU Historical Central Wastewater Treatment Plant Data, 19802009. Dallas, 2009.

29

Dallas Water Utilities. DWU Historical Southside Wastewater Treatment Plant Data,
1980-2009. Dallas, 2009.

59

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Texas Surface Water Quality


Standards, 30 TAC 307, April 1988.

118

Freese and Nichols, Inc. 2006 Region C Water Plan. Prepared for the Region C
Water Planning Group, Fort Worth: January 2006.

119

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Reclaimed Water Production Facilities,


30 TAC 321, 2001.

123

City of Dallas Long Range Planning Division. forwardDallas! Comprehensive Plan.


Dallas. Dallas: June 2006.

124

United States Census. Census 2000. Retrieved January 2009 from


http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html.

135

Carollo Engineers, Inc. Wastewater Treatment Facilities Strategic Plan, Technical


Memorandum, Wastewater Flow Projections. Dallas: Carollo Engineers, Inc., July
2010.

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Appendix C

Wastewater Quality Projections

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Appendix C DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics


Table C-1: DP Strength and Loading Data
Maximum

Minimum

Mean

Standard
Deviation

Flow (mgd)

113

17

41

10

BOD5 (mg/L)

401

55

207

61

TSS (mg/L)

893

15

232

74

NH3-N (mg/L)

25

20

org-N (mg/L)

34

14

6.0

P (mg/L)

19

0.4

6.4

2.1

pH

17

6.4

7.0

0.2

Alkalinity (mg CaCO3/L)

245

99

183

29

Parameter
Raw Influent

Figure C-1: DP Influent Average Daily Flow


160

140

120

Average Daily Flow, mgd

100

80
30-Day Running
Average

60

40

20

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Note: The graphic uses a gray diamond () to indicate individual data points. The black solid
line (
) indicates a running 30-day average.

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Appendix C

Wastewater Quality Projections

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure C-2: DP Influent BOD5 Concentration


600

BOD5 Concentration, mg/L

500

30-Day Running
Average

400

300

200

100

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure C-3: DP Influent BOD5 Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

BOD5 Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

July 2010

0.8

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.9999

27 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix C

Wastewater Quality Projections

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure C-4: DP Influent TSS Concentration


500
450
400

TSS Concentration, mg/L

350
30-Day Running
Average

300
250
200
150
100
50

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure C-5: DP Influent TSS Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

TSS Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8

July 2010

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.9999

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Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix C

Wastewater Quality Projections

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure C-6: DP Influent NH3-N Concentration


30

25

NH3-N Concentration, mg/L

30-Day Running
Average
20

15

10

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure C-7: DP Influent NH3-N Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

NH3-N Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

July 2010

0.8

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.9999

29 of 43

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Jul-05

Apr-05

Jan-05

Oct-04

Jul-04

Apr-04

Jan-07
Apr-07

Jan-07

Apr-07

Oct-06

Oct-06

Jul-06

10

Jul-06

11

Apr-06

12

Jan-06

13

Apr-06

14

Jan-06

15

Oct-05

Figure C-9: DP Influent Phosphorus Concentration

Oct-05

Jul-05

Apr-05

Jan-05

Oct-04

Jul-04

Apr-04

Jan-04

Jan-04

Oct-03

Jul-03

Apr-03

Jan-03

Oct-02

Jul-02

Apr-02

Jan-02

Oct-01

Jul-01

Apr-01

Jan-01

Oct-00

Jul-00

Apr-00

Jan-00

Oct-99

TKN Concentration (mg/L)

Wastewater Quality Projections

Oct-03

Jul-03

Apr-03

Jan-03

Oct-02

Jul-02

Apr-02

Jan-02

Oct-01

Jul-01

Apr-01

Jan-01

Oct-00

Jul-00

Apr-00

Jan-00

Oct-99

Phosphorus Concentration (mg/L)

Dallas Water Utilities


Appendix C

DP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure C-8: DP Influent TKN Concentration

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

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Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix D

Wastewater Quality Projections

Appendix D

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics


Table D-1: WRP Strength and Loading Data
Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Standard
Deviation

Flow (mgd)

10

234

88

23

BOD5 (mg/L)

21

522

197

57

TSS (mg/L)

28

890

246

80

NH3-N (mg/L)

45

16

org-N (mg/L)

72

16

P (mg/L)

0.4

27

6.9

2.3

pH

6.4

9.0

7.0

0.1

Alkalinity (mg CaCO3/L)

116

324

182

22

Parameter
Raw Influent

Figure D-1: WRP Influent Average Daily Flow


250

200

Average Daily Flow, MGD

30-Day Running
Average

150

100

50

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Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

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Appendix D

Wastewater Quality Projections

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure D-2: WRP Influent BOD5 Concentration


400

350

30-Day Running Average

BOD5 Concentration, mg/L

300

250

200

150

100

50

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure D-3: WRP Influent BOD5 Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

BOD5 Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

July 2010

0.8

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.999

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Appendix D

Wastewater Quality Projections

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure D-4: WRP Influent TSS Concentration


800

700

TSS Concentration, mg/L

600

30-Day Running Average

500

400

300

200

100

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure D-5: WRP Influent TSS Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

TSS Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

July 2010

0.8

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.9999

33 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix D

Wastewater Quality Projections

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure D-6: WRP Influent NH3-N Concentration


30

25

NH3-N Concentration, mg/L

30-Day Running
Average
20

15

10

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure D-7: WRP Influent NH3-N Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

NH3 Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.01 0.02

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

July 2010

0.8

0.9

0.95

0.98 0.99

0.999

0.9999

34 of 43

Oct-99
Jan-00
Apr-00
Jul-00
Oct-00
Jan-01
Apr-01
Jul-01
Oct-01
Jan-02
Apr-02
Jul-02
Oct-02
Jan-03
Apr-03
Jul-03
Oct-03
Jan-04
Apr-04
Jul-04
Oct-04
Jan-05
Apr-05
Jul-05
Oct-05
Jan-06
Apr-06
Jul-06
Oct-06
Jan-07
Apr-07
Jul-07
Oct-07
Jan-08
Apr-08
Jul-08

Phosphorus Concentration (mg/L)


Oct-99

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0
Jul-01

July 2010
Oct-03

Apr-07

Jan-07

Oct-06

20

Jul-06

Apr-06

Jan-06

Oct-05

Jul-05

Apr-05

Jan-05

Oct-04

Jul-04

Apr-04

Jan-04

Wastewater Quality Projections

Jul-03

Apr-03

Jan-03

Oct-02

Jul-02

Apr-02

Jan-02

Oct-01

40

Apr-01

45

Jan-01

Oct-00

Jul-00

Apr-00

Jan-00

TKN Concentration (mg/L)

Dallas Water Utilities


Appendix D

WRP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure D-8: WRP Influent TKN Concentration

60

55

50

Data not
available
4/01 to 9/01

35

30

25

Data not available


4/07 to present

15

10

Figure D-9: WRP Influent Phosphorus Concentration

15

14

13

12

11

10

35 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix E

Wastewater Quality Projections

Appendix E

CWWTP Historical Influent Flow Data

CWWTP Historical Influent Flow Data


Figure E-1: Influent Average Daily Flow

350

300

Average Daily Flow, mgd

250
30-Day Running
Average
200

150

100

50

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

July 2010

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Jul-99

Jan-99

36 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

Appendix F

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater


Characteristics
Table F-1: SWWTP Plant Strength and Loading Data
Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Standard
Deviation

Raw Flow (mgd)

15

167

71

17

BOD5 (mg/L)

26

397

139

38

TSS (mg/L)

38

1,110

179

62

NH3-N (mg/L)

2.5

66

18

4.3

org-N (mg/L)

NA

NA

NA

NA

P (mg/L)

2.2

8.5

5.7

1.3

pH

6.1

7.7

7.1

0.2

Alkalinity (mg CaCO3/L)

114

316

183

23

Parameter
Influent

Figure F-1: SWWTP Influent Average Daily Flow


200
180
160

Average Daily Flow, mgd

140
30-Day Running Average
120
100
80
60
40
20

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

July 2010

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Jul-99

Jan-99

37 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure F-2: SWWTP Influent BOD5 Concentration


300

250

BOD5 Concentration, mg/L

30-Day Running
Average
200

150

100

50

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure F-3: SWWTP Influent BOD5 Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.010.02 0.05 0.1

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8

July 2010

0.9 0.95 0.980.99

0.999

0.9999

38 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure F-4: SWWTP Influent TSS Concentration


500
450
400

TSS Concentration, mg/L

350
300
30-Day Running
Average

250
200
150
100
50

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure F-5: SWWTP Influent TSS Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.010.02 0.05 0.1

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8

July 2010

0.9 0.95 0.980.99

0.999

0.9999

39 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure F-6: SWWTP Influent NH3-N Concentration


35

30

30-Day Running Average

NH3-N, mg/L

25

20

15

10

Jan-09

Jul-08

Jan-08

Jul-07

Jan-07

Jul-06

Jan-06

Jul-05

Jan-05

Jul-04

Jan-04

Jul-03

Jan-03

Jul-02

Jan-02

Jul-01

Jan-01

Jul-00

Jan-00

Figure F-7: SWWTP Influent NH3-N Concentration Cumulative Probability Plot

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0.0001

0.001

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

0.010.02

0.05 0.1

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8

July 2010

0.9 0.95

0.980.99

0.999

0.9999

40 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

200
190
180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

TKN data not recorded


prior to 7/2002

Aug-04

Jul-04

Jun-04

May-04

Apr-04

Mar-04

Feb-04

Jan-04

Dec-03

Nov-03

Oct-03

Sep-03

Aug-03

Jul-03

Jun-03

Apr-03

May-03

Mar-03

Feb-03

Jan-03

Dec-02

Nov-02

Oct-02

Sep-02

Aug-02

TKN data not


recorded after 6/2004

Jul-02

TKN Concentration (mg/l)

Figure F-8: SWWTP Influent TKN Concentration

Date

Figure F-9: SWWTP Influent Phosphorus Concentration


8
30-Day Running Average

Total P Concentration (mg/L)

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

July 2010

Jul-08

Jun-08

May-08

Apr-08

Mar-08

Feb-08

Jan-08

Dec-07

Nov-07

Oct-07

Sep-07

Aug-07

Jul-07

Jun-07

41 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities

Appendix F

Wastewater Quality Projections

SWWTP Historical Influent Wastewater Characteristics

Figure F-10: SWWTP Influent Temperature


86
84
30-Day Running Average

82

Temperature (oF)

80
78
76
74
72
70
68
66
64
62

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

July 2010

May-08

Jan-08

Sep-07

Jan-07

May-07

Sep-06

Jan-06
May-06

Sep-05

Jan-05

May-05

Sep-04

May-04

Jan-04

Sep-03

Jan-03
May-03

Sep-02

May-02

Jan-02

Sep-01

May-01

Jan-01

Sep-00

May-00

Jan-00

Sep-99

May-99

Jan-99

60

42 of 43

Dallas Water Utilities


Wastewater Quality Projections

Record of Change

Record of Change
Version 1.0

Date: 09/2009

Location in Document

Description of Change
First Release
Version 2.0

Location in Document

Date: 07/2010
Description of Change

Global Changes

Acronym SSWWTP changed to SWWTP

Global Changes

Updated text, tables, and figures to reflect the most current data.

WWTFSP_App.F2-2.0

July 2010

Page 43 of 43