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INTRODUCTION

These tests were developed in the UK by Glanville ( 1947 ) and it is


measure the degree of compaction . For the standard amount of work
and thus offer a direct and reasonably reliable assessment of the
workability Of concrete . the test require measurement of the weight of
the partially and fully compacted concrete and the ratio the partially
compacted weight to the fully compacted weight, which is always less
than one, is known as compacted factor . For the normal range of
concrete the compacting factor lies between 0.8 - 0.92 . Standard :B.S
1881 :PART 2 1970

OBJECTIVE
To determine the degree of difference between half compress concrete
and fully compressed concrete density.

THEORY

In its fresh state,concrete is tested for its consistency so as to acheive


the desired workability.workability is an important property in concrete
since a workable mix will produce concrete,which can be well
compacted,transported and placed without segregation.A well
compacted concrete will produce a good strength concrete.

APPARATUS

1. Two conical hoppers and cylinder

2. Weighing machine

3. Steel rod

4. Scoop

PROCEDURE
1. Clean thoroughly inner surface of hoppers to reduce friction
2. Each hopper has hinged door (trap door) at the bottom.make sure
that this door is close before commencing the test.
3. Fill up the upper hopper wuth concrete to the brim
4. Release the door to let thr concrte falls into the lower hopper
5. Release the door of the second hopper to let the concrete falls into
the cylinder
6. Cut of excess concrete from the top of the cylinder by sliding it with
two floats
7. Determine the net weight of the concrete.this weight is known as
weight of partially compacted concrete.(W s)
8. Empty the cylinder and refill it with the concrete from the same
sample in three layers.tamp each layer 25 times with the standard
steel rod.
9. Level off the top surface of the cylinder and weight it to the nearest
10 mg.this weight is known as weight fully compacted
concrete(WP)
10.
Calculate the compacting factor of concrete :
Weight of the partially compacted concrete
Weight of fully compacted concrete

QUESTION
1. What will happen to concrete mixture if the proportion contains:
i. More aggregates:
Concrete will be weak and easy to break.
ii. Low water or cement ratio:
Low water cement ratio impacts all of the desired
properties of concrete listed in the desired properties of
concrete section.
iii. More cement:
Easy to break because the ability of the conrete is weak
and brittle.
2. Why compacting factor test has to be done quickly after the
concrete is mixed?
To avoid the concrete from dry and to identify the density of
the concrete

Mixture

Cylinder weight
Cylinder weight+partially
compacted concrete
Weight of partially compacted
concrete,Ws
Cylinder weght+fully compacted
concrete
Weight of fully compacted
concrete,Wp
Compression factor.

1:2:4(g)
0.6

1:3:6(g)
0.6

1:3:6(g)
0.8

2.695
11.940

2.900
13.634

2.717
11.559

9.245

7.834

8.841

13.320

11.781

12.352

10.625

8.881

9.635

0.87

0.882

0.92

CONSISTENSY
VERY DRY
VERY STIFF
STIFFER
STIFF
PLASTIC RIGIDITY
THICK FLOW
FLUID

COMPRESSION FACTOR
0.70
0.78
0.85
0.89
0.92
0.95
1.00

DISCUSSION
For the normal range of concrete the compaction factor lies between (0.8
0.92 ) . This test is particularly useful for dryer mixes for which the
slump test is not satisfactory

CONCLUSION

The sensitivity of the compaction factor is reduced outside the normal


range of workability and is generally unsatisfactory for compacting factor
greater than 0.92.