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Scheme of Work: Science Year 8

Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

Length of Enquiry (SOL)

Synopsis Topic / Overview

Fertile Question
Key Concept/s to be learnt
this Enquiry

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20 lessons

Electricity and magnetism

What is the link between magnets and electricity?

Describe how charges can be transferred when objects are rubbed together
Describe what is meant by current and voltage
Describe how magnetic poles can be arranged to attract and repel each other
Calculate current in series and parallel circuits
Calculate potential difference in series and parallel circuits
Explain how a compass can be used for navigation using ideas about the Earth's magnetic field
Define and calculate the resistance across a component
Describe the differences between conducting and insulating components
Describe the magnetic effect of a current, electromagnetics, D.C. Motors

Practical Objective

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

An exceptional environment for learning and discovery

Correctly display results in a suitable table including SI units


Construct a simple graph to display data in an appropriate way
Correctly set scales and axis and plot data for a graph, including an appropriate line or curve of best fit.

Curriculum Opportunities

SMSC

Summative Assessment

Key Vocabulary

Literacy opportunities
Lesson Questions

Electricity generation,

Ethical and sustainable use of resources,

30 minute test including Core Practical assessment

attract, battery, circuit, component, conductor, force, insulator, magnet, magnetism, parallel, repel, series, switch,
temporary magnet
Electricity generation research assignment,

What is an atom?
What is lightning?
Why can we touch a plug socket, but not a toaster?
How do we represent electric circuits?

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
How can we measure electricity?
What is potential difference?
What are series and parallel circuits?
What is the difference between series and parallel?
What is resistance?
How does the length of a wire change with resistance?
How can we plot results?
How do magnetics influence their surroundings?
How can we make a magnet?
How do I make an electromagnet?
How do I make an electromagnet (2)?
What can we use electromagnets for?
What is a motor?
(High ability lesson)
How can we convert electricity into movement?
What is a power station?

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Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
Core Learning Outcomes

Differentiation strategies

Develop an understanding of the behaviour of electrical circuits, and properties of magnets, and of basic
electromagnetism. Develop an understanding of how plotting appropriate graph enables analysis of a set of
results.
Core Practical: Scaffold consisting of partially-completed graphs (eg. axes, scales, labels)

Activate Book 2
Resources and Texts

Collins Book 2
Collins Book 3

Homework

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Knowledge tables

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

Less
on
1

Lesson
Questions
What is an
atom?

Learning
Objectives
1. Recall the
model of the
atom

Activation Phase (Learning


Activities)
Settler: There are two types of charge,
positive and negative. When do these
charges repel and when do they
attract?

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Demonstration Phase
Assessment (GEM
TASK)
6MQ/ Make a model of
an atom.

Key
Words
Atom

Include:
Proton

Extension: What is an atom?

Neutron
Electron

Students use whiteboards to describe


the model of atom to each other whilst
back-back.

Question Task about the atom


2

What is
1. Describe how
lightning?
objects can
become charged
2. Explain why you
get an electric
shock.

Settler: Where does lightning come


from?

Do now: If a material has more


electrons it is positively/negatively

Activate 2

Proton
Neutron

Do now: word search finding key words.

Resources

6MQ:

Electron

Why do you get a shock


when you rub your feet
on the carpet then touch
a door handle?

Static
electricity
Attract

Resources to
make a model of
the atom.

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
charged. If a material loses electrons it
is positively/negatively charged.
Extension: Do 2 positive charges attract
or repel? Do 2 negatives attract or
repel? Does a positive and negative
attract or repel?

Think-Pair-Write
What happens when you rub a balloon
on your jumper why does it stick to
you?
Extension: Why would it stick to the
wall?
Students then add to their answer
using:
https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation
/balloons
They include a diagram and key words.

Peer Access

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Repel

Gold: Include a
diagram.
Silver: What happens
when you touch the
door?
Bronze:
What
moves from the carpet
to your feet? What
causes this? Are you
positively or negatively
charged?

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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AFL: Whiteboards
Dictagloss: Why is static electricity
dangerous?
(see ppt for details)

https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation
/legacy/travoltage

Why can we1.


touch a plug
socket, but
not a
toaster?

Describe the
difference
between
conductors and
insulators.

2. Investigate the
difference in
properties
between
conductors and
insulators

Settler: Why is a plug socket made of


plastic? Why are the tongs made up
metal?

Do now:
When you rub a balloon on your jumper
,
move from the
to
the
. The jumper has a
charge. The balloon has a
charge. This means they will
.
Extension: What does it mean when
charge discharged?

Practical: Investigating if
materials are conductors
or insulators using an
electrical circuit.

Conductor
insulator

Activate 2

Conductor/Insulato
r practical

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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Students come up with definition of


conductor and insulator using images
on ppt.

How do we 1.
represent
electric
circuits?
2.

Show how to
represent circuit
symbols.
Show how to
represent an
electric circuits

Settler: What is this? (Picture of a


motor)

Do now: What two things are needed


for current to flow?

Students convert
between pictures of
circuits and circuit
diagrams (see power
point for pictures)

Electric
Circuit

Pictures of circuits.

Complete practical from


kerboodle P2.1.2
(current)

Switch

Activate 2

Extension What is current?

Symbol Matching Exercise

Whiteboards (Answer what the symbol


is on the whiteboard)
5

How can we1. Describe what is


measure
meant by current
electricity?
2. Work practically
to investigate
current in a circuit

Settler: What do you think are the


differences between a current in the
sea and an electrical current?

Do now: Draw the circuit diagram for

-measuring current in a
circuit.

Ammeter
Cell
Battery

P2.1.2 practical
from kerbodle

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
the circuit on the left. USE STRAIGHT
LINES .

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Motor

True/False Activity

Extension: Draw circuit symbols for all


the key words.
Super Challenge: What do we
measure current using?
Use footprints to explain what current
is.

Model Current using a rope and


students.

What is
1. State what is
potential
meant by
difference?
potential
difference.
2. Describe how to
measure potential
difference

Settler: What is going on here? (picture


of potatoes charging a calculator)

Do now: Draw a circuit with a


voltmeter, motor and cell(STRAIGHT
LINES)
Extension: Can you remember what
current is?

Students complete active listening task

Complete practical from


kerboodle P2.1.3
(voltage)
-measuring current in a
circuit.

Potential
difference

Activate 2

Voltmeter
Voltage Practical
Volts

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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(answer questions whilst teacher runs


through slides)

What is voltage?
What is voltage measured in?
How do we measure voltage?
How is voltage different to current?
What is potential difference?
Is potential difference used up around
the circuit

Student demonstratin:
Student are electrons
Paper is voltage (handed to bulbs)
Get students to hold symbols to be the
bulb, battery, ammeter and voltmeter.

AFL: Whiteboards
7

What are
series and

1. State the
difference

Settler: Should we illuminate York using

Students work through


questions on the board

Potential

Activate 2

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
parallel
circuits?

between series
and parallel
circuits.

series or parallel circuits?

2. Describe how
current and
potential
difference vary in
series and
parallel circuits.

Do now: A current is a flow of


. Current is
used up in a circuit.
Potential difference is how much
each electron is carrying and how much
can be transferred to each component.
It is used up in the circuit.
Extension: What is the difference
between a series and parallel circuit?

Use ASDA home deliveries model to


explain current and voltage.

Think-Pair-WRITE
What is the difference between these
two circuits?
How do you think these differences
affect the current and potential
differences in these circuits?

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and series and parallel


circuits sheet.
(Challenge question
sheet included for the
more able).

Plenary: Answer the


question: Should we
illuminate York using
series circuits.

Difference
Current

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

An exceptional environment for learning and discovery

Use whiteboards and powerpoints for


students to complete examples of
voltage and current in series and
parallel circuits.

What is the1. Practice Series


difference
and Parallel
between
Circuits
series and
parallel?

Settler: If the potential difference


across the batteries is 9 Volts what is
the potential difference across each
bulb?
( + diagram)

Show video to recap voltage and


current https://www.tes.com/teachingresource/current-and-voltage-in-seriesand-parallel-circuit-6170588

Do now: Draw a circuit with a bulb and


a cell, measuring the current and
potential difference of the bulb using an
ammeter and voltmeter.
Super Challenge: What are the rules for
voltage and current in a series and
parallel circuit?

Practical Investigating
series and parallel
circuits.

Voltage
Current
Series
Parallel.

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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Recap voltage and current in series and


parallel circuits.

What is
1. State what is
resistance?
meant by
resistance.
2. Describe the
factors that affect
resistance.
3. Calculate
Resistance in a
circuit.

Settler: What does HIGH RESISTANCE


TRAINING MEAN?

Do now: What is potential difference?


What is current?
Extension: What do you think is meant
by resistance?
Super Challenge: What type of
materials would have a high resistance
and what type of materials would have
a low resistance? (Think back to a few
lessons ago)

Think-Pair-WRITE
Imagine you are an electron. You are
walking down a corridor which is a wire.
What would cause you to slow down?

Calculations: Resistance
worksheets.

Resistance

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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Copy and complete questions on


resistance

Students write the three equations for


ohms law from the equation triangle.

Whiteboards: Practice resistance


calculations.
10

How does 1.
the length
of a wire
2.
affect
resistance?

Recall what
resistance is
Identify
dependent and
Independent
variables.

3. Investigate how
the length of the
wires affects
resistance.

Settler: Why do we need low resistance


wires in the National Grid?

Investigating Resistance
of a wire practical

Resistance

Resistance
practical

Positive
Correlation

Graph Paper

(Focus on variables)
Do now: What is resistance?
Extension: What causes the heating
effect in a wire?

Use powerpoint to explain dependent


and independent variables.
(Students use whiteboards)

11

How can we1. Analyse the


plot results? results from the

Settler: What variable do I control?

Students plot graphs


from their previous

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
resistance
experiment.

Do now: Round the resistance to the


nearest whole number (from your

results last lesson).


Extension: What is a dependent and
independent variable?
Think-Pair-Write

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lesson (investigating
resistance of a wire)

Negative
Correlation

Line of best fit


Axes

Students answer
analysis questions.

What is a positive correlation?


What is a negative correlation?

Students practice plotting graphs (see


powerpoint)
12

How do
1.
magnetics
influence
their
surrounding
2.
s?

Recall how
magnetic
materials
interact.
Describe what a
magnetic field is.

Settler: There is no magnet inside the


Earth. Yet magnetic lines of force exist.
How?

Do now: What is the relationship


between North and South pole of a
magnet? When do they attract and
repel?
Extension: How do we make a
material magnetic?

Gap fill +

Magnetised

6MQ: How can we see a


magnets magnetic field
line?

Domain

Gold: Include a diagram.


Silver: What two
methods can we use?
Bronze: What is a

Practical 1:
metal/non metal
materials

Magnetic
Field
Magnetic
Field Lines

Practical : Iron
filings + magnet
showing a field

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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magnetic field?
Use Powerpoint to introduce
magnetism.

Group Work: Categorising objects as


magnets, magnetic material, or nonmagnetic materials practical.

Extension: How can we


make a magnet?

Plenary: Write a tweet:


What is a magnetic
field?

Think-Pair-WRITE
An electric field is the area where a
charged object feels a force.
What is a magnetic field?

Mini-Practical: Using iron filings and a


magne to how the magnetic field
around a magnet.

13

How can we1. Describe how to


make a
magnetise a
magnet?
material.

Settler: What is going on here? (picture


of paper clips being magnetised)

Pair Work: Planning


making a compass
practical + complete
practical (see ppt for

Magnetise

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
2. Explain how we
can make a
compass.

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Do now: Draw a magnetic field?

level ladder)

Extension: Why does the Earth have a


magnetic field?

Needle, bottle top,


beaker magnet
practical.

Think-Pair-WRITE
(Pictures of domains in a non-magnetic
and magnetic material)
1. What is the difference between the two
materials?
2. How do we magnetise a material?
Extension: Include a diagram

Gap Fill exercise

AFL: Whiteboards

14

How do I 1. State the 3 things


make an
needed for an
electromag
electromagnet.
net?

Settler: What is going here? (magnet +


Check-point Questions
paper clips)
(1) Compare steel and iron;
which magnetises more

Electromagn
et

Demo: iron +
steel nails
being
magnetised by

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
2. Describe how to
make an
electromagnet.

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Do now: What happens to the domains


when we magnetise a material?
Extension: Where does a compass
always align with?

Think-Pair-WRITE
What do you think is meant by an
electro-magnet?

Active Listening (use video and ppt)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=_ygmHnjNYNo
1. What three things are needed for an
electromagnet?
2. How does an electromagnet work?

Demo: iron + steel nails being


magnetised by a magnet.

Check-point Questions (see ppt)

easily? Which stays


magnetised longer?
Copy the diagrams on
p135 and label the
poles.

(2) Why do electromagnets


work?
(3) Write a 3 step method
on how to make an
electromagnet?
Extension: how do I
make electromagnets
stronger?

a magnet.

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
15

How do I 1.
make an
electromag
net (2)?

Describe 3 ways
you could
increase the
strength of an
electromagnet.

2. Investigate
Electromagnets.

Settler: How could we increase the


strength of an electromagnet?

Do now: What 3 things are needed for


an electromagnet?
Extension: What is the difference
between an electromagnet and a
normal magnet?

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Practical investigating:
How does the number of
coils on an
electromagnet affect
the strength?

Electromagn
et
Permanent
SemiPermanent

(see ppt for more detail)

Think-Pair-WRITE
How can I increase the strength of
electromagnets?

Thik-Pair-SHARE
How does the number of coils on an
electromagnet affect the strength?
What is the Independent variable?
What is the dependent variable?

16

What can 1. Analyse the


we use
results from our

Settler What is going on here? (picture


of scrap yard)

6MQ: How can an


electromagnet lift a car

Electromagn
ets

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
electromag
experiment.
nets for?
2. Apply this to
some uses of
electromagnets.

Do now: Which axis does the


independent variable go on? What axis
does the dependent variable go on?
Extension: what is a positive
correlation?

Plot graph from experiment and


analyse

Active Listening
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8pYu638Xs
1.When is a permanent magnet used?
2. Give 3 uses of electromagnets.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=aIwbrZ4knpg
3. How does the maglev train work?

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made out of steel from a


pile of aluminium?
Gold Give examples of
the uses of
electromagnets
Silver How does an
electromagnet work?
(Include the word
domains) How can we
make it stronger?
Bronze
How is an
electromagnet different
to a magnet? How do we
make an electromagnet?

Challenge: Include
diagrams to help your
explanation!

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

17

What is a
motor?

1. Describe how
a motor works

(High ability
lesson)

2. Explain the
uses of motors

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Settler: Which will have a stronger


magnetic field (+ pictures)

Practical: Making a
motor.

Do now: Give examples of objects that


use a motor.

6MQ: What is a motor


and why does it work?

Extension: What do you think will


happen when a current flows in a coil of
wire that is already between two
magnets?
Use powerpoint to explain how motors
work (Hgher ability can use Flemings
left hand rule)

GAP fill activity + use video to come up


with method for making a motor.

Motor

Gold What can we use


a motor for? How can
we make it stronger?

Silver What energy


change is taking place?;
Bronze
Write a
method of how to make
it? + diagram

Think-Pair-WRITE
How can we make motors stronger?
18

How can we1.


convert
electricity
into
movement?2.

Describe how a
simple generator
works.
Explain some
uses of

Settler: What is going on here:


Electrical generator demo.

6MQ: How can a bicycle


charge your phone?

Do now: A motor is converting e

Gold How could you

Generator

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
generators

to
m
. It works by placing
a current in a coil within a magnetic
field.
Extension: What energy changes are
taking place here?

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increase the amount of


electricity generated
Silver What energy
conversion is taking
place here?
Bronze
Write a
method of how to make
it? + diagram

Quick Recap Quiz using whiteboards

Think-Pair-WRITE
Why sometimes when you stop
pedalling in the gym does the bike turn
off?
Why does your bike lights go off when
you stop pedalling?

Think-Pair-WRITE
What is an electrical generator?
Extension: How is it different to an
electric motor?
https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation

Homework: How does an


electrical doorbell work?

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
/generator

Use footprints to show an electrical


generator.
Gap Fill Exercise

Active Listening
How does a bicycle dynamo work?
1. What is happening here?
2. What is turning the magnet?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=Zz1_s-fieJE

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesi
ze/science/edexcel_pre_2011/electricity
intheory/producingelectricityrev3.shtml

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Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism
19

What is a 1. Describe what


power
happens inside a
station?
power station.
2. Explain how a
generator is used
in a power
station.

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Settler: What is going on here? (Picture


of power station)

Do now: A generator is converting


to
. A motor is
converting
.

to

Extension: give an example of a use of


each.

Use footprints/board works to go


through a power station and how it
works.

Active Listening
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=SeXG8K5_UvU
Complete gap fill on sheet.

20

Mini-Test +
dirt Sticker
feedback

Draw a timeline of how a


power station works.

Power
Station

Scheme of Work: Science Year 8


Physics 2. Electricity and Magnetism

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