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FC =

FY =
Length Of Footing L =
Width Of Footing W =
Thickness Of Fdn T =
Depth @ Edge of fdn D1 =
Width Of Pedestal wp =
Length Of Pedestal lp =
Height Of Pedestal =
Coefficient Of Friction =
Ground Water Table Ht. =

20

N/mm2

415
2
1.8
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.8
1
0.5
5

N/mm2
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

#REF!

0.65

Wp

0.65
Z

0.6

0.6

Lp

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:Self Wt. Of Footing =


#REF!
=
#REF!
kN
Buoyant Self wt. of Fdn =
#REF!
=
#REF!
kN
Weight of Soil =

#REF!
=

#REF! kN

Buoyant weight of Soil =

#REF!

#REF! kN
Self Wt. Of Pedestal =

#REF!
=

#REF!

kN

(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)

Self Wt. Of Pedestal =

#REF!
=
#REF!
kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)

Weight of Footing + Soil =

#REF!
=

Weight of Footing + Soil =


with buoyancy

#REF!

kN

#REF!

kN

#REF!

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT
LOAD
FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z
MOM-X
1001 15 DL+CR 1
0
0
71
118
#REF! 16 DL+CR 2
0
0
-71
-73
0
0
17 DL+CR 3
10
141
0
0
18 DL+CR 4
28
144
0
0
27 DL+0.5WL-L+CR 1
-10
134
0
0
28 DL+0.5WL-L+CR 2
-28
131
0
0
29 DL+0.5WL-L+CR 3
-28
87
0
0
30 DL+0.5WL-L+CR 4
-10
90

MOM-Y
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

MOM Z
0
0
-16
-133
42
159
143
27

31 DL+0.5WL-R+CR 1

20

148

32 DL+0.5WL-R+CR 2

146

33 DL+0.5WL-R+CR 3

102

34 DL+0.5WL-R+CR 4

20

104

35 DL+ CL1+ 0.5WL-P1

18

136

36 DL+ CL2+ 0.5WL-P1

133

37 DL+ CL3+ 0.5WL-P1

89

38 DL+ CL4+ 0.5WL-P1

18

92

39 DL+ CL1+ 0.5WLL2

-7

174

40 DL+ CL2+ 0.5WLL2

-25

171

41 DL+ CL3+ 0.5WLL2

-25

127

42 DL+ CL4+ 0.5WLL2

-7

130

43 DL+ CL1+ 0.5WLR2

22

188

44 DL+ CL2+ 0.5WLR2

186

45 DL+ CL3+ 0.5WLR2

142

46 DL+ CL4+ 0.5WLR2

22

144

47 DL+ CL1+ 0.5WL-P2

20

176

48 DL+ CL2+ 0.5WL-P2

173

49 DL+ CL3+ 0.5WL-P2

129

50 DL+ CL4+ 0.5WL-P2

20

132

67 DL+LL

45

79

68 DL+WLL1

-66

-86

69 DL+WLR1

-7

-57

70 DL+WLP1

-11

-82

71 DL+WLL2

-61

-6

72 DL+WLR2

-1

23

73 DL+WLP2

-6

-2

74 DL+SL1

22

75 DL+SL2

10

22

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:Area of Footing A =

2 x 1.8
A =

3.6

Zxx =

1.08

Section Modulus Zxx =

m2

1/6 x 2 x 1.8 x 1.8

Section Modulus Zzz =

m3

1/6 x 1.8 x 2 x 2
Zzz =

1.2

Total Vertical Load P =


=

#REF!

m3
#REF!
kN

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-63
53
38
-78
-35
82
66
-50
-9
107
92
-24
-114
2
-13
-130
-86
30
15
-102
-188
280
70
126
178
-33
23
-30
-48

P/A =
=
Mxx/Zxx =

#REF!
#REF!
0 / 1.08

Mxx/Zxx =

kN/m2

0.000

Mzz/Zzz =

kN/m2
0 / 1.2

Mzz/Zzz =

0.000

kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax =


pmax =

#REF!
kN/m2

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

kN/m2

#REF!
Mini.Soil Pressure pmin =
pmin =

#REF!

#REF!

kN/m2

#REF!

#REF!
Check for Overturning:Overturning Moment =

Resultant of Mx & Mz
0
kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment


Due to External Load =

118 x 2 / 2
118 kN.m

=
Due to wt. of Pedestral =
=

#REF!

#REF!
kN.m

#REF!

#REF!
kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn =

Due to Wt. of Soil =


=

#REF!
#REF! kN.m

#REF!
#REF! kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment =

F.O.S. against Overturning =

#REF!

=
#REF!
Check for Sliding:Resultant Shear Force =

71

Total Vertical Load =

#REF!

kN

#REF! kN
#REF!

F.O.S. against Sliding =

#REF!

#REF!

Check for All Load Cases with Buoyancy:Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:Joint
1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Load Case Total Load

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Mxx/Zxx

P/A
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mzz/Zzz

pmax

pall

pmin

0
0
13.34
110.84
35
132.5
119.17
22.5
52.5
44.17
31.67
65
29.17
68.34
55
41.67
7.5
89.17
76.67
20
95
1.67
10.84
108.34
71.67
25
12.5
85
156.67
233.34
58.34
105
148.34
27.5
19.17
25
40

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:With Stress Increase:pmax =

#REF! kN/m2

pmax =

#REF!

kN/m2

pmin =

#REF! kN/m2

pmin =

#REF!

kN/m2

1
Joint

Load Case

1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

P/A (1)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Mxx/Zxx

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(2)

Mzz/Zzz (3)

1+2+3

1-2+3

1-2-3

1+2-3

0
0
13.34
110.84
35
132.5
119.17
22.5
52.5
44.17

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Result
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

31.67
65
29.17
68.34
55
41.67
7.5
89.17
76.67
20
95

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Check for All Load Cases without Buoyancy:Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:Joint
1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Load Case Total Load

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Mxx/Zxx

P/A
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mzz/Zzz

pmax

pall

pmin

0
0
13.34
110.84
35
132.5
119.17
22.5
52.5
44.17
31.67
65
29.17
68.34
55
41.67
7.5
89.17
76.67
20
95
1.67
10.84
108.34
71.67
25
12.5
85
156.67
233.34
58.34
105
148.34
27.5
19.17
25
40

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Summary of Bearing Pressure

Without Stress Increase:pmax =


#REF! kN/m2
pmin =

Joint

Load Case

1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0
#REF!
#REF!
0
#REF!
0

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

P/A (1)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

With Stress Increase:pmax = #REF! kN/m2


pmin =

#REF! kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(2)

#REF!

kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz (3)

1+2+3

1-2+3

1-2-3

1+2-3

0
0
13.34
110.84
35
132.5
119.17
22.5
52.5
44.17
31.67
65
29.17
68.34
55

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Result
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
#REF!
0
#REF!
0

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0
0
0
0
0
0

41.67
7.5
89.17
76.67
20
95

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Check for Overturning & Sliding:Check against Overturning


Stabilize Moment
Joint

1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#REF!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Joint
0
1001
#REF!
0
0
0
0

Load Case

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0
Summary of Bearing Pressure

Without Stress Increase:-

0
0
0
0
Load C

0
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

O/T

Mmt.

0
0
16
133
42
159
143
27
63
53
38
78
35
82
66
50
9
107
92
24
114
2
13
130
86
30
15
102
188
280
70
126
178
33
23
30
48

(Soil,Ped,

FOS

Load on Ped

Fdn)

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118
-73
141
144
134
131
87
90
148
146
102
104
136
133
89
92
174
171
127
130
188
186
142
144
176
173
129
132
79
-86
-57
-82
-6
23
-2
22
22

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Result
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Check against Sliding

Total Hz.

Force Total Vert. Load FOS for

71
71
10
28
10
28
28
10
20
2
2
20
18
0
0
18
7
25
25
7
22
4
4
22
20
2
2
20
45
66
7
11
61
1
6
8
10

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section =
Concrete Grade =
Column Details
Length =
Width =

At distance d/2 from face of column

20

N/mm2

800
500

mm
mm

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Sliding

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Result
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Foundation Details
Length =
Width =
Effective Depth =
Percentage Of Steel =

2000
1800
425
0.3

mm
mm
mm
%

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column =
188
kN
Punching Shear,P =
188 x (( 2 x 1.8 ) - ( 1.225 x 0.925 ))
( 2 * 1

P =

128.83

kN

Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)

=
where vc =

vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456

ks x t c

ks = 0.5 + c
c =

-----should not be greater than 1

Short Side Of Column


Long Side Of Column
500
800
0.625

c =
c =
ks =

c =

1.12
N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2
Length of critical section =
Width of critical section =
Perimeter of critical section =
Depth Required =

1225
925
4300

mm
mm
mm

128830
1.12 x43

26.75 mm
1.12 x 4300 x 425 / 1000
2046
kN

Shear Resistance =

#REF!

kN/m2

B) One Way Shear


225
650

#REF!

kN/m2

#REF!

kN/m2

425

500

1800

500

800
200
600
425

175

500

200

2000

#REF!

kN/m2
#REF! kN/m2

#REF!

kN/m2

#REF!

kN/m2

#REF!

kN/m2

Length

Maximum Pressure =

#REF!
kN/m2
2000
225

#REF!
Length at critical section =
Width at critical section =
Shear Force =
= #REF!

-- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse

mm
mm
#REF!

kN

t Width

Maximum Pressure =

#REF!

Length at critical section =

Width at critical section =

#REF!
1800
175

kN/m2
mm
mm

#REF!

kN

Shear Force =

-- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse

#REF!
=

Designed Shear Stress =


Corresponding Length =

#REF!
#REF!

% Ast =
Allowable Shear Stress =
k =
Case =
Increaae In Shear Stress =
c =
=
Depth Required =
=

kN
mm

0.3
0.322
1

N/mm2
----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
WithoutStressIncrease
Not Allowed

1 x 0.322 x 1
N/mm2
0.322
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
mm

Check For Depth @ Critical Section

Min. Length from column


face to edge of footing =
600
Depth @ Edge of fdn D1 =
600
Depth @ face of column D =
500
Effe. Depth @ Critical s/c =
570.84
Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure =
#REF!
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt =
=
Net causing moment =
Maximum Projection of fdn =
Bending Moment =

mm
mm
mm
mm

-- Without Buoyancy Load Case


#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.65

#REF!
#REF! kN.m
0.5 x fck x b x d

=
Ast =

#REF!

kN/m2
m

1 -

fy
Ast =
Mini.% of re-bar =

#REF!
0.2048192771

Ast =
Use

870.4819277108

20

mm2
%
mm2
mm dia

mm2
mm

Provide Spacing =
Area Provided =

1256

mm2

Spacing =

(4.6 x Mu )
fck x b x d2

314
#REF!
250

Area of bar =

1-

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 250 mm spacing bothways

i.e.0.3%

b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top


Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.

Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. =

#REF!

kN
#REF!

a Load =

Maxi. Projection of fdn =

#REF!

kN/m2

0.65

Bending Moment =

#REF!
=

Ast =

#REF!

kN.m

0.5 x fck x b x d

1 -

fy
Ast =
Mini % of Re-bar =

#REF!

mm2

0.12

%
mm2

113.04

mm2

Provide Spacing =

#REF!
130

mm
mm

Area Provided =

869.539

mm2

Area of bar =
Spacing =

mm dia

i.e.0.21%

Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 130 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :Length Of Footing :WIdth Of Footing :Depth Of Footing :Depth @ Edge of fdn D1 =
Reinforcement :At Top :Provide 12 mm dia Bars
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars

(4.6 x Mu )
fck x b x d2

510
12

Ast =
Use

1-

2000
1800
500
600

mm
mm
mm
mm

@ 130 mm spacing bothways


@ 250 mm spacing bothways

% pt
0
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59

DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH OF CONCRETE c N/mm2


M15
M20
M25
M30
M35
M40 & ABOVE
15
20
25
30
35
40
0.280
0.280
0.290
0.290
0.290
0.300
0.287
0.288
0.297
0.298
0.298
0.308
0.294
0.296
0.304
0.306
0.306
0.316
0.301
0.304
0.311
0.314
0.314
0.324
0.308
0.312
0.318
0.322
0.322
0.332
0.315
0.320
0.325
0.330
0.330
0.340
0.322
0.328
0.332
0.338
0.338
0.348
0.329
0.336
0.339
0.346
0.346
0.356
0.336
0.344
0.346
0.354
0.354
0.364
0.343
0.352
0.353
0.362
0.362
0.372
0.350
0.360
0.360
0.370
0.370
0.380
0.354
0.365
0.365
0.375
0.375
0.385
0.359
0.370
0.370
0.380
0.380
0.390
0.363
0.374
0.376
0.386
0.386
0.396
0.368
0.379
0.381
0.391
0.391
0.401
0.372
0.384
0.386
0.396
0.396
0.406
0.376
0.389
0.391
0.401
0.401
0.411
0.381
0.394
0.396
0.406
0.406
0.416
0.385
0.398
0.402
0.412
0.412
0.422
0.390
0.403
0.407
0.417
0.417
0.427
0.394
0.408
0.412
0.422
0.422
0.432
0.398
0.413
0.417
0.427
0.427
0.437
0.403
0.418
0.422
0.432
0.432
0.442
0.407
0.422
0.428
0.438
0.438
0.448
0.412
0.427
0.433
0.443
0.443
0.453
0.416
0.432
0.438
0.448
0.448
0.458
0.420
0.437
0.443
0.453
0.453
0.463
0.425
0.442
0.448
0.458
0.458
0.468
0.429
0.446
0.454
0.464
0.464
0.474
0.434
0.451
0.459
0.469
0.469
0.479
0.438
0.456
0.464
0.474
0.474
0.484
0.442
0.461
0.469
0.479
0.479
0.489
0.447
0.466
0.474
0.484
0.484
0.494
0.451
0.470
0.480
0.490
0.490
0.500
0.456
0.475
0.485
0.495
0.495
0.505
0.460
0.480
0.490
0.500
0.500
0.510
0.463
0.483
0.493
0.504
0.504
0.514
0.466
0.486
0.496
0.507
0.507
0.517
0.470
0.490
0.500
0.511
0.511
0.521
0.473
0.493
0.503
0.514
0.514
0.524
0.476
0.496
0.506
0.518
0.518
0.528
0.479
0.499
0.509
0.522
0.522
0.532
0.482
0.502
0.512
0.525
0.525
0.535
0.486
0.506
0.516
0.529
0.529
0.539
0.489
0.509
0.519
0.532
0.532
0.542

0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09

0.492
0.495
0.498
0.502
0.505
0.508
0.511
0.514
0.518
0.521
0.524
0.527
0.530
0.534
0.537
0.540
0.542
0.545
0.547
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.557
0.559
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.569
0.571
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.581
0.583
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.593
0.595
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.603
0.605
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.611
0.613
0.614

0.512
0.515
0.518
0.522
0.525
0.528
0.531
0.534
0.538
0.541
0.544
0.547
0.550
0.554
0.557
0.560
0.562
0.565
0.567
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.577
0.579
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.589
0.591
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.601
0.603
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.613
0.615
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638

0.522
0.525
0.528
0.532
0.535
0.538
0.541
0.544
0.548
0.551
0.554
0.557
0.560
0.564
0.567
0.570
0.573
0.576
0.578
0.581
0.584
0.587
0.590
0.592
0.595
0.598
0.601
0.604
0.606
0.609
0.612
0.615
0.618
0.620
0.623
0.626
0.629
0.632
0.634
0.637
0.640
0.642
0.645
0.647
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.657
0.659
0.662

0.536
0.540
0.543
0.547
0.550
0.554
0.558
0.561
0.565
0.568
0.572
0.576
0.579
0.583
0.586
0.590
0.593
0.596
0.598
0.601
0.604
0.607
0.610
0.612
0.615
0.618
0.621
0.624
0.626
0.629
0.632
0.635
0.638
0.640
0.643
0.646
0.649
0.652
0.654
0.657
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678

0.536
0.540
0.543
0.547
0.550
0.554
0.558
0.561
0.565
0.568
0.572
0.576
0.579
0.583
0.586
0.590
0.593
0.596
0.600
0.603
0.606
0.609
0.612
0.616
0.619
0.622
0.625
0.628
0.632
0.635
0.638
0.641
0.644
0.648
0.651
0.654
0.657
0.660
0.664
0.667
0.670
0.672
0.675
0.677
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.687
0.689
0.692

0.546
0.550
0.553
0.557
0.560
0.564
0.568
0.571
0.575
0.578
0.582
0.586
0.589
0.593
0.596
0.600
0.603
0.606
0.610
0.613
0.616
0.619
0.622
0.626
0.629
0.632
0.635
0.638
0.642
0.645
0.648
0.651
0.654
0.658
0.661
0.664
0.667
0.670
0.674
0.677
0.680
0.682
0.685
0.687
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.697
0.699
0.702

1.1
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.2
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27
1.28
1.29
1.3
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.4
1.41
1.42
1.43
1.44
1.45
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.5
1.51
1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.59

0.616
0.618
0.619
0.621
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.627
0.629
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.635
0.637
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.643
0.645
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.651
0.653
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.659
0.661
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.667
0.669
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.675
0.677
0.678
0.680
0.681
0.682
0.684
0.685
0.686
0.687
0.688
0.690
0.691

0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.721
0.722
0.724
0.725
0.726
0.727
0.728
0.730
0.731

0.664
0.666
0.669
0.671
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.681
0.683
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.693
0.695
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.703
0.705
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.711
0.713
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.719
0.721
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.727
0.729
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.735
0.737
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.743
0.745
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.751
0.753
0.754

0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.763
0.765
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.771
0.773
0.774

0.694
0.696
0.699
0.701
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.711
0.713
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.723
0.725
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.783
0.785
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.791
0.793
0.794

0.704
0.706
0.709
0.711
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.721
0.723
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.733
0.735
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808

1.6
1.61
1.62
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.7
1.71
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.75
1.76
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.8
1.81
1.82
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.9
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.95
1.96
1.97
1.98
1.99
2
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.06
2.07
2.08
2.09

0.692
0.693
0.694
0.696
0.697
0.698
0.699
0.700
0.702
0.703
0.704
0.705
0.706
0.708
0.709
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710

0.732
0.733
0.734
0.736
0.737
0.738
0.739
0.740
0.742
0.743
0.744
0.745
0.746
0.748
0.749
0.750
0.752
0.753
0.755
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.761
0.763
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.769
0.771
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.777
0.779
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.785
0.787
0.788
0.790
0.791
0.792
0.792
0.793
0.794
0.795
0.796
0.796
0.797

0.756
0.758
0.759
0.761
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.767
0.769
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.775
0.777
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.783
0.785
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.791
0.793
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.799
0.801
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.807
0.809
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.815
0.817
0.818
0.820
0.821
0.822
0.824
0.825
0.826
0.827
0.828
0.830
0.831

0.776
0.778
0.779
0.781
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.787
0.789
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.795
0.797
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.803
0.805
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.811
0.813
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.819
0.821
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.827
0.829
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.835
0.837
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.843
0.845
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.851
0.853
0.854

0.796
0.798
0.799
0.801
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.807
0.809
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.815
0.817
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.823
0.825
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.831
0.833
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.839
0.841
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.847
0.849
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.855
0.857
0.858
0.860
0.862
0.863
0.865
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.871
0.873
0.874

0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.843
0.845
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.851
0.853
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.859
0.861
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.867
0.869
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.875
0.877
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.883
0.885
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.891
0.893
0.894

2.1
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.2
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.3
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38
2.39
2.4
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.5
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59

0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710

0.798
0.799
0.800
0.800
0.801
0.802
0.803
0.804
0.804
0.805
0.806
0.807
0.808
0.808
0.809
0.810
0.810
0.811
0.811
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.813
0.813
0.814
0.814
0.814
0.815
0.815
0.816
0.816
0.816
0.817
0.817
0.818
0.818
0.818
0.819
0.819
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820

0.832
0.833
0.834
0.836
0.837
0.838
0.839
0.840
0.842
0.843
0.844
0.845
0.846
0.848
0.849
0.850
0.851
0.852
0.854
0.855
0.856
0.857
0.858
0.860
0.861
0.862
0.863
0.864
0.866
0.867
0.868
0.869
0.870
0.872
0.873
0.874
0.875
0.876
0.878
0.879
0.880
0.881
0.882
0.882
0.883
0.884
0.885
0.886
0.886
0.887

0.856
0.858
0.859
0.861
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.867
0.869
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.875
0.877
0.878
0.880
0.881
0.882
0.884
0.885
0.886
0.887
0.888
0.890
0.891
0.892
0.893
0.894
0.896
0.897
0.898
0.899
0.900
0.902
0.903
0.904
0.905
0.906
0.908
0.909
0.910
0.911
0.912
0.914
0.915
0.916
0.917
0.918
0.920
0.921

0.876
0.878
0.879
0.881
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.887
0.889
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.895
0.897
0.898
0.900
0.901
0.902
0.904
0.905
0.906
0.907
0.908
0.910
0.911
0.912
0.913
0.914
0.916
0.917
0.918
0.919
0.920
0.922
0.923
0.924
0.925
0.926
0.928
0.929
0.930
0.931
0.932
0.934
0.935
0.936
0.937
0.938
0.940
0.941

0.896
0.898
0.899
0.901
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.907
0.909
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.915
0.917
0.918
0.920
0.921
0.922
0.924
0.925
0.926
0.927
0.928
0.930
0.931
0.932
0.933
0.934
0.936
0.937
0.938
0.939
0.940
0.942
0.943
0.944
0.945
0.946
0.948
0.949
0.950
0.951
0.952
0.954
0.955
0.956
0.957
0.958
0.960
0.961

2.6
2.61
2.62
2.63
2.64
2.65
2.66
2.67
2.68
2.69
2.7
2.71
2.72
2.73
2.74
2.75
2.76
2.77
2.78
2.79
2.8
2.81
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
2.86
2.87
2.88
2.89
2.9
2.91
2.92
2.93
2.94
2.95
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.99
3

0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710
0.710

0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.820

0.888
0.889
0.890
0.890
0.891
0.892
0.893
0.894
0.894
0.895
0.896
0.897
0.898
0.898
0.899
0.900
0.901
0.902
0.902
0.903
0.904
0.905
0.906
0.906
0.907
0.908
0.909
0.910
0.910
0.911
0.912
0.913
0.914
0.914
0.915
0.916
0.917
0.918
0.918
0.919
0.920

0.922
0.923
0.924
0.926
0.927
0.928
0.929
0.930
0.932
0.933
0.934
0.935
0.936
0.938
0.939
0.940
0.941
0.942
0.942
0.943
0.944
0.945
0.946
0.946
0.947
0.948
0.949
0.950
0.950
0.951
0.952
0.953
0.954
0.954
0.955
0.956
0.957
0.958
0.958
0.959
0.960

0.942
0.943
0.944
0.946
0.947
0.948
0.949
0.950
0.952
0.953
0.954
0.955
0.956
0.958
0.959
0.960
0.961
0.962
0.964
0.965
0.966
0.967
0.968
0.970
0.971
0.972
0.973
0.974
0.976
0.977
0.978
0.979
0.980
0.982
0.983
0.984
0.985
0.986
0.988
0.989
0.990

0.962
0.963
0.964
0.966
0.967
0.968
0.969
0.970
0.972
0.973
0.974
0.975
0.976
0.978
0.979
0.980
0.981
0.982
0.984
0.985
0.986
0.987
0.988
0.990
0.991
0.992
0.993
0.994
0.996
0.997
0.998
0.999
1.000
1.002
1.003
1.004
1.005
1.006
1.008
1.009
1.010

Fck =

30

% pt =

0.26

Tc =

0.3752

Fck =

30

% pt =

0.22

Tc =

0.346

Fck =

30

% pt =

0.33

Tc =

0.4116

Fck =

30

% pt =

0.47

Tc =

0.4844

% pt
0.15
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.75
3

DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH OF CONCRETE


M15
M20
M25
M30
15
20
25
30
0.280
0.280
0.290
0.290
0.350
0.360
0.360
0.370
0.460
0.480
0.490
0.500
0.540
0.560
0.570
0.590
0.600
0.620
0.640
0.660
0.640
0.670
0.700
0.710
0.680
0.720
0.740
0.760
0.710
0.750
0.780
0.800
0.710
0.790
0.820
0.840
0.710
0.810
0.850
0.880
0.710
0.820
0.880
0.910
0.710
0.820
0.900
0.940
0.710
0.820
0.920
0.960

c N/mm2
M35
M40 & ABOVE
35
40
0.290
0.300
0.370
0.380
0.500
0.510
0.590
0.600
0.670
0.680
0.730
0.740
0.780
0.790
0.820
0.840
0.860
0.880
0.900
0.920
0.930
0.950
0.960
0.980
0.990
1.010

fdn

COLUMN

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

LENGTH
L
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
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#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
2000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

FOOTING SIZE
WIDTH
DEPTH
B
D1
D2
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
1800
500
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

REINFORCEMENT
TOP STEEL
ALONG L & ALONG B
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 130 mm spacing bothways
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

BOTTOM STEEL
ALONG L & ALONG B
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 250 mm spacing bothways
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!