.

VI

QWfTySl CiT6iT{DfTW 6T6MW?

G) WfT ySl{tClfhfT tD!D8; Qa;rnolJ 6"(S)c$8)m GJ WIT tf)J C!fhrT GWtDJ UJ 6)J6"5)t$ QWfTySlMGiiJ

G'lWfT ySl.f$ft06Jw (!P{h6irr~LD

Q WfT ySl U {iJrrJI U1 tT/ru GlJmr rnw<!J)r;/tr Qwny)J QUUJtT (yJrn!f)

QLDrrySlUJrrtJrfliJ~~ (f ~ 0

QWfT ySlUJfTlJfTW.#iJUJW QUJfT IIIUJa;fPufTlJfTw~JD QWfTySlu51blfT 6lJ~ fr6lJw t.JLq-(yJrn[!J87 t!JiQ)U4~

(]W[f i)vw rnGll~~6iJ ro5irnGTfUJITL(fjJ rO~

<JLDfTrf}lUU UvmLQUJ@UL/ ~

() ()

137 131 137

• •

UJrr~~

UJrTLD

liilN(9)/7

• • •

G))(9c!F c$W - QJf§c!F r!h

~~

• •

61JLLW

~ • 1"'\ • 1"'\' ·.IJ·

~fTGl) 1..0/~~\'oICff7Gl) a-.fT~LD 6)J!j:',u,m

a=1T~Q6lJW LDUJriiJ®rA Q~rrGiJa;fTuUJllJii Q~QrG1a=rr{ba:.irr - Qa: tt tb (f,Gl)utSlmrrGU {hufJ@8;(t!J C:fjrt thfh ~riu(8)GTrrT61JW fiillLQc!FfTrD9JID (;)~wQa=fTrbc!J)(Df1Tr6U Gl1Jt;;(1~OiW GUflJ~

165 171 173 175 193 197 198 199

205 205 205 205 205 206 206 206 207 207 208 208 209 209 209 210 210 213 217

220

·

urrQJrrQUTIT

••

VII

QJL..1.b 6lJLQWrTySl

6lILGWfTySl~W Q{bWQLDfTy;J~®W GQJJ!)JUfT@ 6lJLGWfTySl Qo=WpJ Q~GirQ5fTdJ8i6lr QJLQWfTySl~ Q~QrQ<'FfTtb~

6l1LGlwrr!f! U-V~~M ~O'rr{b~U(!!)8;o;W . ()

223 223 245

284 287 293 293 293 294

6}J6l»L -

Q/,,",OWW (1) QJ,,",~w (2) QJ~mTm6U Qwrr ySJ ffJJT'"

...

(yJ ®@j CI:fJ ~ Qsr (i(I) LD GJ UJ W u ~ C':P ([!J 8i 65f] ar QJJ ~ AT fi6) QUfT(!!)Qr U@QJ4J}. (yl1Jj.fif>W 6Tw9lIsGle:rrib (ylQrrQD GJUJ~ fiI®(D)UfT<!§6i"r :!h(!§w.

1. <!p<!!>e 6J'AttPe Q"IQ) QJfallJP ~'" - (yJ6lJ - tyJQu - (y>6'4f1 = (&6M J!)J), UJfTAl6J1 && • &6lJGYTW GurrQ)" (~tb. 360).

• .J!)J

(yJW L. min = small, minimus = smallest. iJQj Q)l60~"Qrr Qt!FrrdJ8)61fI~w.f!)J I mini ~e.. ... us, minicale), miniature, minify, minim, minimal, minimalize, mi ~ minor, minute ~.61UJ ~rIiJ~6lJq QS:f1"{b&6Tr UJ!D&~W

(!pol; - (!pw - (!pm.". = 1. G~fiiT~rrWp51UJDI 2. iJ.".mw. "cy;mGTfUJ6fS)UJ pjJtiJ8i6tr" (a;Wu'7~uq,. 76) 3. LDfJ8;&QrJ!)J. "~~fiirr!Drrm QJ!lJC:w (YJ6tf)6JT~~LJ" (UQJ&. 223) Ln. (yJQT. §P. QPG)6YT. &. G)wrrG)QT. QJ5. Gl ~

(!JJ6l>QT - (!p6'6>6TTUJfTQsr = ~J!)J ~, iJt6~ (!PfilHiTrUJfTW GLJ#6I)t!F

UJfTrT (]8iL._£i1{Df!JI. (IL.QJ).

(!J1w - Lng, - LlJQrfi'lTAT =. 6lDQT(9AT. '~G;)urr®.a!DQJ !DdT.".'" ($J@(yJ@. 262). 2. @j S~ I>pjJiiJ QJrrlPC:QJfTA1. (@!jLrr). 3.

LDIDQJ6irr. 6'IIfJw. ulMfr W6ir6TftT" (&661/J. 306).

W," - wV;> = 1. {j) "w/;p6l/riJ ®lPtOlfw filWT1AlWU G)un-([!jQT".

(G'/fDrr6iJ. ILrfI 14) t6QD~. "~(gJl.J)lJ>u C:urr§J»w" (pjJ<!§&G&fT.

147).

LD Y> 6lJ - = 1. j)Ql (OfT <9 fOiT. " LDIj)QJ fr ~LD 6tJ) QfT U1 ar LD 6RT G>QJfT.61~~· trtt . !fjfTL...@u. sin. 2. WtDQlfiiT. "WIPQJIT G>U(f!JW"

( Lf{D~rr.(f)~

wy; £ - LDy>61S)Q) = ,. j)QTA>LD. "(i;)U({§LDII'QJ)QJ GQJQr<J6JTtb ~~ )fJQJfT. 579) ~. @IPJimpj8i~Qr ~.®!i~fT~ Glo=rrwb. ~~fI)Lb ~~ GmQ)8: QlFfl"/D Gg;QTrr~rT (®!D61r. 66) 3. Qux;isrG)wrrfiJ,

u fiOQlfTl6IW (yJ.f!)lQJ{b 6'f>{DUJuorrw" (gQJcS. 781).

,~~ '" - LD fJ) JI)J. W v; Jf)I {lj Q) = G1 LD 6iT filS) WI) "_fib, "LD IP J!)J <: )fi'Qwrr!IJUJrr!T 8;Q,-" (Jj16iJ. i)(!§QJrrw. 6:2:5).

2

LDYJ - LDrr~y; = 1. @G1TQlw. "wrrmy;; LDLLDfTroM UlmaJru11UJoU Q Q/ W tTJrT til" (8) 6l5l. 731). 2. .dPI y> (t!!j. "LD rr m lP a!D tr 8; G) <lifT m .fDI t.b WfTLC:L~ u51<JQjT" (~GiJ. ~<!!J~rrliJ. 2:4:10). 3. C:U61f)~~LD. "UJfT~lP

Qw6irC:6rIfT 8i~ (ii®t!i;alJifT6tDQI. 61).

w!J) - LDc$ = 1. @rorrmLD. (UJrr(p. ~a;). 2. UJ6Tr~ "LDJh $l;L.L7L...&..." •. n

18).

3. LD8im ~fiiJru ffJl LD8i6Tr. "LD8i (!jJ6tSl[D {!j(i} U u" (LD6tSl~'8S) .$.LD.8i. LDO> - Ul<l>fiil/ = 1. @jlJ>tb6tSl{!j. "LDO>~(!jJ6tSlru QJ(!!>L" ~~. Q){!jru. 13) 2. LDc$Qu. "Qc$rrmrLC:~rTlt LD8im1QTfT",~" (~~ LDUJfTQT. 20).

3. @jfJt6J@j& @!>,' '9 . (QfhrrfiiJ. LDfJ· 14). s: LD& ). 0

LDCfj-Lf)&65r. &. LD&W (g) !DO; - LDc$6ir. Lll.&. ).

"mac (mak). a Gaelic word signifying son, and to many surnames, as

Mac Donald, Mac Gregor & c. It is synony us th son, in names of Teu .. tonic origin. It is allied to Goth. magus. a so , attes (G. magd, a maid)".

The Imperial Dictionary of the English L ~ (Vol. III, p. 91).

(yJw - ( (!PIT) - C!pc!§({!) = 7. @w eutt ). 2. ~lP®' (t5JffiJ.). 3. QPQ!)&Qrr. "~®ffi1e;l1I- <16lJQ)Qr ~~e;fT@ 6lJalw"@" (LDgu61n1] 8; . 611) 4. G)~Ii.JQJtb. "(!:p®® QLf)Iil' ~mQ)~~ C:U{ffilJ" (LfflJ[brr. 259).

S. C:6lI6U6iT QQlp51UJ(fL_@ " • th~ 6lJ[f,{lj (yJ/IJlG'lJrrtiJ C:QJ6lJ~"

(®J!)J~. 362). 6. (!jJ(!!y!f,fiiT . "(!:P([!J9;UJrt urr~lLJu/' «!!jG1Trr.

~fTL. 7).

C!P®® - cYJ([§&ar = 1. LL9-0 w(]UJfTw. (iiQJfTJ. 2. QJJ(l!Ja;G~QJm.

3. (}QlQ)w Q6lJp51 rrGTTroir. "QPi)UJrr(]tOfTfT@ (!JJ®8)mm

(!:p6lS>[Dt6J[b an.65J" (. oir6'lfl. 155).

@GTT 05>W8; ~ rf1 UJ Lf ~ lJ)@jW LD !D(!jJw, C!:P ~ {iJ 9, fT QJ J;

®p5J~JffiiU6lJ ' tD&fT6lJU UfT6'(i)Q) {EJ(jt)QJfTfdmrT C:UfT~C:fD 8i@

LDfDQJ(JfTuJ1(!!) '. ~~(J(rrQ) ~w Q{!jUJruw @,,"6"mUJtLJw LD{O(!JJW

~~ ~ cOlT ()TW J!)J &(!!)i), c!:p®lhm- ()TGkT!f)J QUUJrfJ,' I ~rT.

dPlJ.P~ • /J ~w @rorr6mW8; QJ®~C:fD (!:p!hiiUJ/p ~u5lroM,

ii®·6"6J·cr,· • '(!:P®8iQr ~Q)QJ~ ~YJ®" 6TQrWth a;L@mfJu1l<Ob

o f't) ,~~ • • •

~ If) & r$ 6l»{D\JIUJ C!:Pl9fjZ)' lU~rr a; ~Q)Q) ~ (!JJ~roJT6tDLDUJfT W ~fT rfhr$

G>&

- !h6 = 1. G>&rr(gJ~~ (1Fr§J. J)I.$J. @6YTd;$h6Yf1rT. (~®. t61J.

~6DW U6tSlW (!jJ{!j6l5lUJQJ{bp51w Glru'-@j(!!>$ffJl ((§LrT.).

- c.!:P!!)J - CI:P{I5J - ~6lfJ IT. "(!pp5JC: worf/" (®!Dw. UI3).

- wp51 = 65J fit) ffiJ ~ fiiT ®L '-'1-. " u rr IT U '-I W - LD p511lJ W 6T w!J)J -

~6lS)LDi.J QUU1(lcr" (G)~rrfib. WfJ. 1).

·

urrQJrr~rr

3

WI] <§Q5LfJ- G/a;rr llI-8)61r dPlLrT /hgvW ~ llI-ci9iUJ- LD~y! Q t.ut ySJ!h~t.h @®mr@Lb ®Glfltt!6i!JJLD @®~~ ®p5}@~u5JQ), ~""' QU!DGl/W ®6lf1tt au rr a; 8i 6lf LiJ LJ) L._ (l;J LD rn p5J, UJ ~ rill ® aT L 6lJ W Q 8j rr@G516lJffiJ6l>a;j,

~r;r~~QjW, Q!D®ULj @6irpSlUJrnLDUJ"~{!jrr u5JC!!J!h{!jjjlwrr~ ~~QJU au TT §J WfJ rfil a;m ~fJ m @UJtb6lf>CJ)UJ it c!1ii> (] {!jfT rn J!)J t.b u ~ r:D Lb Q f> tiJ eu Q GlJ 61f1 u u tr L tr a; a; c!Jj ® ~ I ® p5} @ 51

QP(!!j 8i~ 8;@jQ c: CF(] UJ tt 6kr ( UJ6lJ {ij $lJGlJ6ir) 6T ~.!J)J G'J L~rr q,/J

Q1DrfI§J~{DtJ)l. ~riu8i~Hi1TUC:UfT6b C:QI{bumL LCllLJrrm

et 6U .[!)J tb I ®[l5l c9§f tffiruJi 8iLU U LDrT Q)fil) UJ~a~~m-.!J)J tb $®iJ aruruG'JrarGtrr.Jl)Jw 8lLwuQ6JT6MJJ)JW QUU1rfJ~rt. dPlfJ5W,

aru tf,~~ (if ffiW w G UUltT diGiT FF J!)J @j6ifr{15J sf; C:ru t!~ or ~ 9)J

6U!J)t!iJ«!!j6lJ ~ C:u tt GN jJ)J, C3e:(JUJfT W, (!JJC!!J ' Lb Q u UJ rT 8j@!Jw,

(!:pm!DG lLJ 1 c: r!FtiJ, QPC!9® 6T 6"5r @6lJJ;5}tLJ • y>ffiJ®W.

2. <!p®aQr (!p6MAlI1l (Ql6m'.$a !f;IAl6\) ()

(yJ~ffJc$rr 6lJi> ~ mfiiW IffimG1JJj G> {hlU6lJ rliiiiIii:J rr6l1lfill "Ga=GUJfTm c: LDUJ 6lJ) LDQJ 61S) f7 ~ Q)8) (YJ L.b" er ~ .!!)J ~ tt u tSJ UJ IT (!JJ (!§8) 6lJ) ~C: UJ

®{15JeliJ tffi~i; Gl{htllQJWfT S;8; ~;: '{D61fTrt.

®wlf) flj fTL._l9-~, (yJ1htDS;fTfill .~(!p(!!jS;.M ®[l5l@liJ tffiQJj,~ !bas;

UJ tv u U tt t!Jj 6lJ rfJ UJ Q {fJ Li.J fill ~ .ff)J QJ m L_ ILJ L.b $I ([!j LD ~ C!P t1J

Gurrdr{D @~uci; 8l{fOUr$. , J C:fDrrtLfw Uc§CF(!pW C:urrGiTflJ

~fikTuc9i 8ifT6lJ~i1s»LbJ ~ (lUfT.:fJl @Wfi6>LDU UUJfiM aIDfT &~C:UJ,

LD.f!JJ rnr;T 6f1 t;f gJJ t.b 6T rom · ~ t.b c: u rr61J 6lIfiim" riua;u U LLfT Qu.

t5J tbc!JjrrfiU~j;J~ eJ £1;ilm Jtfrr V;Jj(i6)S; a UJ (bu LLU1<iM, GlQJ ¢J UJrr@th

a QJ Q) 67fT tt .§J)J Lh , ~ Lb @{lJj,i)UJ rr ~ Lo (!:P (!!J t!f, QI ~ 8; 0; th

UJ®{hJE16l)::h~&1J Y

W®1!i tEl Q)~ a-, OiL Q u ®<!i;a;rr ~ W !D tt Oirf/OJ 6lJ6TT tt # ~ fLJ tr ~ Lb,

~fOl/~ tt , c9ifT6'1J6U, o;6iJ6llJ 6TQg~t1J ~fTfiiJQJ6Ult$~ G~fTy51iJ»t1J,

GQlG1T dirT, ~1J<!Frt, ~!h~(iWrt fiT~~W ~"fJbQ1~(Jj~

Q rjj fT y51 · U U tt ([!jw c: ~rr ~ [l5l UJ t5J Qg I UJ.!!)J ~l.l) c: 16fT JJ®w w{lJ

6lj6"WrfJ:§J • o:r{bUL(j)I, ®(15J@;~ tffi6t)qC:c!FC:U1rr~ Ql6m8;o;~

~ m6lJLD1!i(YJW, QPGU~6l) !El6U LDfTC:UJrr~ QJmr&8iii~Qf1~JJ)J ~~' LD{h(tpLo a~rrwtD16liT.

~~ 6lJrn C:~C:UJfT~~t.b C:QJ9)JuLLQlQorrar./J)JW, @6YT6lOW ~UJ !D@U U (!!jQJ "{DrrQfi6TQrr J!)J W, U/6TnGlJ ~6iJQ) §JJ LD6lJ>6lJLD&W m ~ th c: ~ 6nl '4 610 LwQ 6"M" AT !!)J til, 8j rr 6'D) 6fT DjrT ~ UJ G aT AT !!)J Lb'; ru m su LD~!D tt llJ- Q UJW J!)J W, G8 L...l1J-6"irr u th ~(!!)U QJG STAr J!)J W,

LDrn{lJ8i6lTfT[b Gurr{bfDQ/w GlwtiJu Glurr@w ~Q)&61TrreiJ cfJ,UJQ/W U@UQlQ ViM ~ jf)J t.b I tffi61f)Q)UJ fTQT (JjC'!J~§JJa;6Tr et (1{J1i.!Dl661 LLW.

4

~rf1UJi.J IJ,6&tT c!p(!!j&6J>.rr wa;wrr &il/W UJ6lJfi5)fia] d; 1h~Q)1bUJrr cnGl/w (i)(!§QJQ)",,-/w ~rfiUJ~ G>1JjliJQJt5J8i6".,r c!Ml/W r!hrr'· 'q I UQ) Q ~rr65TL1)diJ r!£marr"-lw ('-I (1 "fiAT !&J8ifi5lWTrUj W) ~LUJ- 6'U1 LLQfI IT. (i)1hm rr ru ~/J Gl fDtUQJr6JlJj6lflQr R..(!§QJ Ii G ~fT tD!D(!JJw QJ!II tur L(j;IQP~!D'4 tb uS1 & LDff{15Jm/!· I QT.

a 81iJ et AT ff)/ <9 G IF". a,6l5J to® (!P(!!J,$ fiiT ® I:P ~ Q) ~, f~rr-...tr\. (i) ®

QUfT@6lf1(!!JUU§JIW, .j)A)6TT(9A>W8; ®{15Jct®w @j Qr~8

Q 61T ib QJ L GI tD IT III t6I w (t!J LD tt fJ er Qr J!)J j) tf1 LD r!hQD 6U ,$

®{15Juu IjILD. G>16"Qru51&rT &@j/J (LJfJ rr6Af1q,rr 8;~ • rS/jJJ~RJTUJfTuSJm.

4. c.c.uwtp5e1h dklJ~611' 9fi>1)J_LD ~Qlff)/e9 6IO)QJlLlw (i;)utbC:/DfTlt C:ulT.g~~ff)/w QJ6tr6Yf1UJw l.D&6)Jw LD(!§LD&ew C:UfTAr J!)ItD, C:$6fT • ~"6if(elJlfJ)JW, (!P(!!J8j QJIJ'

U tr LL9-6lJ ~Af1 U u tb J!)J. 6fT fill It, (YJ(!§ g} Qlf!)J W ~QgC:!D

Q ILl'" JI)J Q&"" 6ir liJT pC: &(iJ!D 9dJ LJ) q rr Qsr J!)J & m G1T ILJ iii

8iAu-@6lr6YTATn-. ~

1. j)®6lI(f§&®W Qfj(!§L14L1 ~uu61J)LIiQ), C:a:(JUJfTQu

firArJ!)Jw 5JQJQsr ~ibQ)4JI Go: · · (QlFIiJGwrrfiiT) fiTarJ!)lw QUUJtt G{Drr.{15JUJ6TTfi'ff~~ ~ {DmrroiJ 61QJrrUJ{DLD 6T6kru6

C!P<¥ff)/&<¥> fiTtb~lb. ~

2. j)®QJ(f§&~ l.D61DQ)&G • 8jQr ~!DuLi~&UJfT t61~c!Ii.

3. j) (!§QJ IT Il§ll tt i) &~_ •• ""L&.I @)J6Ic9UJ t61QJ~i)tb cgf1

L&&fiOriaJ&eLb Lf)Q)I7~&eW fTt6I®~{ljQ).

4. j)(!§Q/tT &~t.b C!:P~'"'' \fi(MIilU Q)8)(liQr (!JJuu tJjfT til (y"'.q_(ilJ)&.

S. <!P(!§&fJ)J tb 6'iI QJWfT &~ i'@C!:P(!!J&fT{bJ!)liJUQf)L c9D.JD6U.

6. j)(!§QIAlt;Ttq· • (yJ& i1®LDrr6lJ1r c$<!§ (Jl..DQ)QJt;TfT 8;& 8iA}!fi8i6U

6li6lTUJu6iJ.

7. 91Q1fi7i1lLl fffiilsrQllUJ-4w (~~~fTt&~c!pw) (;JWtUu Qurr®L

C::&" (!Jl(!§&fJ)J&~t.b fi.J tb!D6U·

8.

9. QJQp6'ffl tDi<96J J§Q)~ (J~.alUrr{DQJrr6U1 u)AlQ)LD8iQr fiTAr~1.b

_"'_'-'O&.6'f. ~QJ@!1~ Q urr C!!JliguLb. L.D61)Q)W8iQr = LD6'6)Q)i>C::~.a.

1/(U.~1HtU t616lJj,6 LDmJILlrrAr 6TQr6llW QJRIf Ji&if;J65'J6IJ/J QfDtUQJW 6Uj, Q{JjIiJQJLDfT& (Qu®/hC:{hQJWfT &) wrr[6JUJ(JufT Ail, '~IJI<9 6JQJff)/w Gurr.trG!lJ C:~Jl)JUfT@ fiJ!bLJL661~.

~56lJiHi

j)UJtDAJ8l QJw<9 i1Pti)5 ~~ fjlfiU~6b, ~QTQ)WILILb ~!:p~ j)a> 6'IlJT tif' (!Jl(!!>&ff)/ lb·' QJ Qr 6""'1 tb, JII U 6(!!J Til 8iff.., 6'8 (!!>LD 4W

UfTQJrrGRJTrr

5

~1P5JUJ ~6Arwt6J6iJ w~w/r!h~. ~UJ-UJfTlr8;® ~,"",8i®tb $dfr&QJrT q,f06/ W I];rr L_fi/ lLI W, ClifTQJUJ- c: fJrrwUlw wrrL.U1'4w, c!:p([9&C:{6U11T <!i;® (!JJ@WQfT8; 8jQJtT #~G>UJQr UQ);fJcF Qa=rrQ,6l) C:6lJ6W@6lJilQ)G'6>Q).

6. QPC!J56in' Qp~6isrA)lD

®G"4f1, (y>®&(Jm g,QJ~8;® ~r6J8jfTfJu Qurr®mw L~· et rokr.f!)J g] QJ Glf1 UJ ® t.b 9 U 48; Q a; tt 6tr@!J<9 Gl CF til

LlJrrth1h~~ ~th6lJ)$lJ (The child is father to the man) 6TW~ • wrruS1d>

8)®Ji~~tLf~rr/JiJ (yJ(f!Jlh6StW <!p~ar6r$)LDQ)UJ IDrr· 51 {D6·

ilifT ~{h Lb (6ftUJi tt ~{DLb) tUM vtf) LL U IB Gl fi6T ~ fir: fT'?i;;;;,. ffiJ iii mwrr u LJ~61ST~{h 661UJ fUFfr Q;fTfiUW !iI.(!p. 1000 cmiiJ6IJ 1M l~uS1YJai~fiiJ (JJ>(!!)c9i QJQlT8;8i!h a~fTdrp)lUJ~ i:I.(!:p. l,DO,000r? ~ 0

~u5lIPt&JQJU u[D6m6lJq;~Qr QQltb# <!Ii ~m(J 08!J)J LOtDU (Jurrrf1@6lJ6 @jtDJr8i1 @fi08; (lq;rrifi18 c:~ Qua/D. ~~6JTfT6iJ, ®PS/ r9~ tEl Q) {1)!DfilJ rT ~Lb w{Dj,Q ~ tiJ ~8)'i!Jl8;@j& a&rr ifi1 # c: c!T QJ 65> Q)8; Gl Birr llI-ct ~ m ~ LDrT 8; 51 ~6TI {DlLJ~ trtr f/Jl &rrQ)~ Qa:~fD C38i.G7.!C6lJC1i<illlsTL 5rr~~rft t._~(!!Ja;Qsr 6TWWw G)uUJr'r

OCFQJ6lDQ)J; ®p)!a;®w '(!:pIT t$rr' trtr go;q QlFrr.u~ Af/Qr J!)J

iJrfl~~~fT8i8; 8)®~UJ.{!JJ. fiT/J @ifi1{D8;QJfT6M!!JI orfiiruQ)"u

U@j/J{hpS/6l/ffrrGrr ~@tKJQ)filJUJ • @Q8ifTQrSi. (!6~611 t;JrrL@

!DjJ)JLDQJ!r, ®6ir{lJ8;®UJ-, 1973)

(Yl&>' (a6n6lDt.Dli, ~rr) Q

®GYTmw fiTvfgu4Jl cgJrT rfI· U1!DuU1tb®w (yl~ QJ6lTrtciUJ&~

~6lf)LUUL.L tElQ) £,6iJQ)~ a;fT6lJw. ~4Jl 6J!Dth~ pjJ61)Q)

u51~ GisT J!)J Q ~rr LJIiJ tD16TT6IlW, UJ {bp5/6TTQf)W, c: U rfl6TTQ)LD firQJT

(IJJ~tElQ)6lJUU LL

i.S) !DuG) uf06f}~......--· _

rrtDfDW ~6U(iU./!Jl @UJ8;o;G'1W6lJQJrrw (y).aAT" 8; J a~rrtb{!J8i a;®~~6b (ylGkrC:6lfTrr&&Qj ~QJ6lJ1P

(!:P&riiIiIi~~ (!!jj,~ ~!J~~.$ ili6IJ~IMQrw §jI.

@fi5fI, ~~ U u(!!jQlj,jJ(3Q)(3UJ IL(!!jQl.t U/!f)Jfiall.DII.JW ILLQJ

Q LD <OM UJ If;bW ~ y;> ® J€1 ~!D G1J W to fD'V ~ It 8 g] ILl Lb QlQS1Q1)W

uS! ® I!:-I Qu rr ~QJfT aJ ~rnLDtf,jJ(I!j~~fil)rr6lJ I ®(ilT6I)1.D& &Cfjl>i}i>

war6lf>W -dPI Y'@) LD£Dw (ij)JG61mw (yJ~6l51UJ &(I§~§J8ieW

- QP 6irr - (YJ ~ = UJ tt 61f) rn 8; Q) m jJ)l. "(!p65fJ ILIA> L8; &QlQlJW ~." Gi>" ([Dtb. 360).

c!:pm - (yJw6JfJ = (Y>Q>GlJ)Q) tEJQ)j,jJGiJ @UJtD6U>8iUJrr& r;8Al61TlL/w 9<!!J UJ.f!)J UUJ g.

6

~.C:!DfT: L. Min, small. j)~~Gir(JflJ. minify, minim, minimum, minish, minor, mi nute (y>{!j~ UJ U6U Q,§ rr !Dai6tr $I rfl rh.J!Jlw 6'fT ffJrT r!hii Q ~rfI!iJ~ flJ gv.

(yJoU - (JjJ~ - (yJtiitf)61T = 1. 65J ~$1 ~ 6irr Jf)J (yJGlD61T ~ ~ UJ jJ)J QVilJ6YfI u u rr(f;J. "Q)J~j;lUJ QQJ~(!p~GYr" (eJffi1@j.!J)J. 29). 2. j)6Tr6llw. "

~ffiJ8)~" (c!hWUt;TrT. ®wuc$. 10)" 3. l.D(Jc$a;wjf)J. "~~Qu aUJ

(yJalrorrCtUJrrffiJ®4" (€FQJ8). 223). 4. Ul.f!)Jt.5Jrtn-~GlT. 5. W •. ffiJ.).

Ln. (!pfitr. 4i/. (!pGJ..".. ai. GJWfTGJ..".. Qf!j. GJWfTVVa.Oi. 0

(!JY;;~6lT ~~oU = 1. (yJ61S>6TT a ~rr 6irr J!)J {h6U. "9~ {DfTtll Q r%@[h,:!)l"

(i'/(!!JQJfTlF. 10 : 8). 2. 6ii)fJQJ~ Clr{ljrrw.!J)Jf[JGU' fit) (§rru5J!f)J

~$IrtGiJrfJfi;/!J/ (!JJ6r>GTTUU" (l.D~. 8 : 18).

LD. (IJJ~GlT. ai. GLDrrQw. Qfh. QWrTGlJ{h8T c!:p€ilf)fi)ff - (!P(ffiVifTUJ tt ~ = ~![)1 @jYJ{!rrn~. UJfTrT (]a;Li:!!D,f!)) (W).

(yJGTr - (!jJ@9 - (!pCIi - fYJ8T = UJc§9i. ~r!/T. (1L.6lJ.). 9.G{DfT': :!L@]j -

1L0i."'" - tF. GUfT6l5Ii>iNILJ. ~

(!pm - c!:pL@. (!PL@a. ®([!jLD u ij:tfJl Gl:i5mCWLD U'le§8i. dPI6iJ~f!)J u~t.b Ulc98r.

(!JJL@ - QLDrrL@ = ~®Lh .' ......... I'LLJ, LL®LDGU(r"(iJ®QJ(fCf.29 : 8). QWrTL@ - QLDrrL~~--.._-/~r;;mLDrr8)rr~ j)6fsH;rr®Qr (W.) G'lLDfTL6IDLU muUJw ( GlJ.

(yJ@!; - (yJ@ - (!p@j - ~Y>6 16fT: Q~rr@ - GJ~rr@).

QP~Y>~~6iJ = (G>c!F. 1. ~®th4~oU. '\~/(!!JlJ)~ (y)!iJY>~~

c: 6lJ c: U IT 6'61 GTT rfv 6'ID G1J ILJ tb " ( g QJ a; . 551 j. 2. c: ;fl} tt 6M .!1JI fh oiJ .

" fYJ QJ 6W (J) U.J fit) ~ Y> i; ~ ~ C!J> m {D a tu" (eJ riiJ (!!j.ff)J . s: L 6lJ rot,- ).

!Fn_ W 4 W LD 6U • !D @ 6llI ~ ffu ~ oiJ 6lJ ifJI fY> (j)J ~ ru . " LD 8) 6lf 8) ~

(yJ~{PULJ" (8)' rr.7).

(G'J~-® • .... ~~6i>. '\~/LDf7fJrTi)UJmfJ (!JJ[i)Y:>i>~/' (6'6lfDrrUJaiL/.

8:154).

2. a~'l:P ~~6iJ. "~tbLJ~ c!:p~fp:/J~rrfr" (8irT<t!J§)UL/. u~~®.

163). 0

• (g).

~ ~ = . ~ (!!J Lo Lf . "®$)J (YJUJ Y' GlJ tt u5l W1 ffiJ 8j 6iT 61fl(] LD{b ~ 8i {6 ~rrrt" ({DrTfilJUJ-. 262).2. (r!!juSJy5J. "G'JUlLIjJ)J61fJ (YJ[i)Qy;>~" (a;Wil5l#J. 56).

Y, - (yJ~y;>t.b = L£)Q)(!!Jw u®6lIiigpu (gUfJ®W4 (~/lJl.).

UJ. (yJ(r!j 6lJ.

(!JJ5t~ - (YJ~y5J, (!JJ~y5Jf,{DGiJ = <!:P~Y>1h{h~.

u rrQJ IT QJ~rrT

7

(YJUJy5J - (!p~y5J$!jW = (!:p5Jy>~Lb = ~®wu6b, ~®W4. "GUfTQrr~Qr. c!:p~~} {Dw Q)Jfi6'J(tiff ~i!J1" (®[iJ{Drr. ~6lJ. {Drr L@,t. 9).

(yJ8iJ y> - (yJ!iJ6tr. (y)5J!J)w - (!JJ5JfifT Lb. @5JyS1 ~w - Cl:P5161fJ~th. (yJ8iJ6iT - (!JJ(:!jGlr - (yJ<!!JViffW = 1. ~([!jt.b4· "U®8iUJ CYJ®6TT • • G'18)rrffiJ~s;UJrru U6lJ)LiJ~" (i/6lJrrQ)QJrr. 4 : 14). 2. 'fJ®

6UJ IJ ~ w !EJ uS! rt ~~ .fDJ6"1fl Q U tt ®f/Ji) J; an.wt5J !EJ tb® 661mliim9;m8i 6lJm8i. (U/fjl)u. 3 : 18), I!Lmf}). 0

611. (!J)(:!jfjl). rP ~

(yJ(!!j6TTW - (!JJ(t!!)LW = LD~c!:pUJ-. "(y)@jL(y>LD G~ (J~rnmlLJlh" (urrlJ{lJ· .«!j(!!j. 14). ~. &J_liI-llJ.f!)JUL/ eJ{6{lJ~GiT ~~di)611rrJ

fYJ®LlIJ - QI. (y)c!1)@jL_L_. ~ d)

• · 1 ~ " ••• · " ( •

(!JJ®' 10 - w(r!5' 10 = . LD'OOOIl(yJ~. ~178) LD(t9' ID 8iLDUlJfT.

(y>{li[bC:urr. 246.). 2. C3$6!Tc9i ®uuw.. fil}c!F&Q/Lq-u5JGirr w~

=r: Gla;rr~~L. 0

W«!jLW - 611. LDa;«!jLL. ~

C:u IJ rr. UC:fPT {lJW '<!F wiJfiI(!!j{lJ wrrff ~ w~ W .fP/Tr;;6)w @.f!)Ji)uJ)oiJ, (yJ®L_W (LD((!j1 I b) gwu!!P '# Q~fT6bG)QJQr.all ®pSlf,~®~fhQ)

9) rr f09T 8i.

c!:pfiJ GiT - (!JJ«!j GiT - C!:p «!jv;rf/. Q {lJoiJ = a; 661 {lJW. "(!JJ(!!)6'Ifi J;«!jW ... ~f}"66J!A~Lh" ($66W~. 62) (j

(yJ(!!J - C':fJfi(f)r!Ji = ~ C!!Jw'-l' "(!::P torr 8;@j@!j6lr ~ /fJJ {DfT tb!DW au tt 6iJ"

(®{D6iT. 1274). 0

CYY;i(f)8)~ru = dJ)f®~~~

C!::P® - G:JLDrT® - -..._...._, 8i® = kJ, GLDfTL..@. 2. QWfTL@U C:urrtb Q c!F til 1JJ U U (]}I w UJ c: 6lJ 6lHi'tJ U l.J IT @. 3. tEl fit) /J iJ 6iT (] LD 6iJ @ @Lh y,Bi(]8JfT~W.

rr cii(!!jw = 1. LD6lJ@W U (!!jQJ /Jt!Jl U c: un (!!JWLj. ''(y;mo; JfJJ {fJrr[b{!Jw GurrQ)" (®{D61r. 1274). 2. tErtJi®u5Jy5J. WIT cil®GYfJm-" (~fT6l)UJ-. 27). s: @®ff>w. (g).

· - G)LDrr8i®~. QLDfTJ;®GtfJ~~oiJ = 1. @juSJy5J'4~L_fT~iiJ. ~GiJ. (lLJrrI:P. ~8j.).

@j61fJIJi.

- (y) tiiW - (YJ r;;m-. C!::P ~ (y>mT ~ ~ Gi> = QJ rr tiJ 8; ® 6Tr Col LD Gi> 6lJ U c: U aT {b ru. "9i {b pSI eu ~ t!Jl (yJ rnT QJJ G'J rmT Qrr If)J Q ~ tt 6iJ iW W LD th i) f]" W er ;fJL_rr" (~QJ6lJrr di. 58).

8

(!:pGm' - (yJ~. (yJ~(!JJ~~fDfiiJ = QJrrli.Ja;(:!J~ GWQ)wu Clur$fh6U. (!p~ - (yJ~J;@!J. c!:p~J;® (!P~r9;Qc!hb6TQ) = ®y>6l1I ~rrtiJuUrTfM)fiU8 s:J {l51 gp iJ {l5J ~rr lh 1L{l51c9iJa; ®1JI-/J~6lJ.

(yJ6iJr - wmr - L1)6fflff1 = ~ {l51UJ ~. LD 6fflff18i OJ t6J J!)II L.D 6fflff1 J; 8j rr 6tf) L I U) ~ d; 8i tt 8i 6lf) 8i . LD~~_.,. _"'_

LD~ &Q)&, w6fflff1a;G OJ rr m (J . LD~ /,:flJ 8; 8i fT ~ , LD~I

l..DaIf!u'-/!Drr. w6fflff1UUW.f!)J (!:P{!jf£/w 0"n.L_@# Q"'rrtb~ ~rr J;®&.

C!:P~~ - (yJ@&(l!j = iJ.f!)la:!h~. (f ~

c!:p@Ji(:!!j - (!JJ@&&rT = ®J!)J!hG~®. "(Ip(j)J&&(!!JW ~" (§)Q)u.5 :

187) (?~ 0

(!p@a;@!> - (yui;® = a:~i6I. LD. (yJ8>(!!j. ~ c!)

C!:Pf!JJ - (lp8>W = 1. C:$h{iJtDw. "o;6'IfJ(y)8)J; rrm" (gQUIi. 298).

2. (!j)wLj. "fTWfDfT~ c!:pr!Jj~a~UJ u51 rrru" (®{lJ61r. 923).

3. fD6r)filJuJ]a, ey>ar LJ !fJw. "(yJo;~~rr <06fl ~ a~rr J-,ti1" (®[!J61r.

93).4. C:!6fT&@j. "LJ!!JJ(y)Q,w 4rf1~~~ . G)wwu. 73). S. (!p9JLDrn-. "(y)c9iWUQJ GuUJ UJtDJGww" (G ~6lI~: 2) 6. ~LLfl-Gtr (yJ6MLf[Dw.

7~ ~"L0;8CFfl,iJ tJJ{IJ{Df1)Jw (!p . fi]wu. 3 : 73 ILmlJ). 8. G'1~rrL#'

&w. (w.) 9. (y)&/Ji)6iJ (yJ66T ~8i®.

@c!Ii® GllFUJ{hQ) = 1. G$6fTdr 6U (yJlJ)cgGIIUJ 8irrrfl6mCf," (Qu®liJ.

lL~ma:8; 35 : 49). 2. :fjGiJ "C:{DfTtbJD1QfTfTm (yJo;~G1(FtiJ

Gc9ifT61JW" (f/QJ&. 675).. fT8;®fh "(yJ~af]lillrr<O&r QJLf)ma:

<!:pq,~GlftiJ~" (€IQJ&. 08);:;

(ylc9i8; QIJ)IT wLJ. (yJ8) cY'c!Jiwmr LU t.b, (!JJ&6lJ tt If fOi>, (YJai6lJ m(J:

D._ Qf) I;J (yJ8)W, &ifJI ~ rn!D (y>c!h W I ~ ~ (yJ c!hW, c: u rr fr (yJ 8i W

fiTQsr~Lb CTn.L <!Frrtb&~ro, (yJ8iW fiTdr~c§ G~rrQ>

(ylQrr LJ{!J/JQ)~ ~.pj6lJ ~rr mr 8),

(yJCJ;6lf) LD = 1. LD. 2. $h6m6l}~ LD. ~ fill ~ (!ju]j 6'6> LDUJ tt u5J ® IhfM

ara.L_L~ • iJ 65>QJiJ~fTrn-. (IL.QJ.).

@c!Iiw -~~ ((Jurrf£/).

(!:P&w. &;~ - 611. (!J><!Ji (mukha).

(yJ& ai~~ = 1. (!JJWLffDw. 2. G~"L8;a;w. 3. l!!..rn(J{DmL<!.F ~~ oir ~GiJfiU/!Jl QqujUJLgtt ~l1I-,!f,,,",tOtr (y)~QQ)@~/!Jl&fitr ~~®~ii>. 4. ~6tf)Q)Q)w. ~QJrokr <!p~6IDm u~~5J{D"m- (w.). 5. ~~"liI-C:U1, ~rr~6lJth{lJ eyJOialfilfTu5JC:QJ ~6lJffi au rrtiJ6'6J LLJTGM. 6. (!patrUJorr zh, ZLQT 8iC:&6iT ~QJQJ6TT6l/ (yJS;6ID~? (fL.(iiJJ J

(!j)&6J)QST&&6lJ = C:e;fn6J6iJ (!J>~.6)UJQJtbpJ1Q) em q{ba,rrroJw GLDjJ,llGfriTT '_~{lj17 &8i6l>.

urrQUr~TlT

9

(!JJc!Jj~~ 5,8irTfJ ar = (yJ~fiVrrfi1fl. (W).

(JjUJj((iID ~ QJJL!l-6lJ = Q ~rr L_8;$ 6llJ J!)J iI· (w).

(!JJ1J)",Qr - aWfTrnbM = 1. (yJ~~",l.D. '(]wrrmm LDffiJc!hQ)~ (!!LUa~~8)rr. 5JQJLJ~. 63). 2. Gr!FtUlLJ6'fTliI-uS/!b gttG1 Qru@iJo §>6ifTp5lQJfJ /J G~fT(E>ULJ/p. "~l1I- Q~rr.!!)l/h "-ITI'U.V'VV Gl:fjrr~U~ =:« .(G'/:fjrr.v_. Glo:tU. 91). 0

(yJ8'.W - (!jJo:;rr = 1. (yJ8'.w. 2. ~8'.((!j. rP~

c!:p8J/r~Q, = LD0mLDt6JtD6U· "0

(yJ8'.rr = C:wrrrr - C:wrr. C:wrr/J)fJv;U = W6W!r9g~. "C:wrruuJ;

((!j~SPIl./1.lJ ~~J:o:1.lJ" (@jflJ6ir· 90). ~d)

(]wrr - (JLDrru4 - C:wfTuuili = LD6WT(!JJ&rt .

(!jJeT,rr-(yJairf/=l. Q{hfTL8;cnW 2. (yJw4fD· 3. mGUmLD. 4. e!P8i~<Oirr ~liI-.

(yJ81rfJmw = 7. ~~H;lJ61S)LD. " UJmL~~QJi&r C:~fTib

(Jp&/;{ljQl~" (r$tf,~Lf. a;UJ~c$~. 9). 2. GUfJ{l5J6lf. (OJriuJ.

"(yJ8)rfJ(i6)LDurrGb /Dtb{lJQ//r" ((3 . Q)~. 30).

(Ip&rt - (l:P8im(J = 1. U¢J8i8iULl C9iW. d1)I6lJ1iib" cyuhQJ)r;JmUJu urTrr

et U uU/- t6J ®d;~ {DQ ~m J!)J (m 8;~VilfT llI-. "cy:;o;fOl/mIJUJrr jJJJ@rjj

Q~fTtiJu5Jfio'" (i)®<!i8ifT'iff~. . • fiffiUU. 3). (!p.

~!6fh· (!jJ$fJfT (mukhra).

(yJ8jfi(j)fJ - Gwrrm'7 - Q~. (]WfT". &. (Jwn;

(!pc9;6lJrrtiJ - <lWfT • - c!pa;~j;lfOiJ 6lJ"Ii.J&@j& ~@QrfifT fD"UJ-. "®#~

d)~fJ /J~ @)~ LDrrfilJrrtiJ" (4{Dw. 257).

<!PrJ!> - (8) - = 1. QP[bu®i) 2. <03LL!J-6M (YJ6V4!D& 8;'. '9 LW.

"(!jJ8)~~ 8iUL/' (~rfj#. 4. ~!6~(J. 20). 3. ~~8iQ)ffiJt$61fl~

ey;dr LJ~ ~ rr ®/J/tJlQJ (nu. 4. G CF rn6lJt6J<OifT (yJt!J){D6'6lfiO. S. (!p6V filff}6I)fil). "Jj}®{i;f5~ u.lfriJ&w ~ (yJo:;uC:u" (i)fiiJ. iJl®QJrrtiJ 9:2:7).

(YJ61r ~ - LDWWdT = 1. ~6J)GlT f§6lrT. "G> u rr ®6'5I JD'" wW-QT"

( ®. 262). LD!D6lJti1sr. U6*4lLLD{D6lJQrr. "8)fi'(fWLf® wQrQTrr"

3. ®t6J<f§~~fil) QJrr~rT. ((:§LJTJ.

WfJf - UJy:> = 1. ~GTT6mLD. "LDfPfOlIw @jY>6l/w ~6TTmwu C!!Jw" (Q;?ifTQJ. tLrfI. 14). 2. ®~!6m~. '\~@UJYJu aurr~w" JiC8irr. 147).

wy> - wY;>6lf = 1. Jj}WalUJ. 2. @l.PrhmfD.

10

LDYJ6lf - LDy>G)Jrm = 1. (i}W(9Qr. Wy>6lJ rt {Jj LD rn 6'5T UlW LDromQQJ rr.oJ (a; WUfJ tr. {DfTL@U. 50).

LDl_P - wy>l.b - LDy>rolJ - wy>~Q) = 1. (i}Gi1T~LD. "G'JU®LDY;>61flGU QQJ61r a""!btDJrnlr" ((]~QJrr. 570 : 5). 2. ®y;>t6a>~c!1i6lfJ~ @~UJ, @(!!J!h~fT #

G<FfTQ;. "~Lb wa;a;w LDy;>mQJ5 Qa=fTtb (J8)GYTfT ~QJfr" (®tD· 6).

• · 1 (';'\ U·' __/'l) "

LDYJ - LD!pW - LDLLD = . &S,W61)W. ~@5rn LDL~bO'\.s)LD

27). 2. @61T~LDJi®rf1UJ Gh.D~6IDLD. "Q~G1fl!D~L l.D (LJfDw. 23), 3. @GlT6WLDr9;®rfJUJ ~Y>®. "WL8;8iroffirt c ®

17, ~rofJUUrTL_(£1 LDmL). 4. @6Tr~LD8;®rft UJfTQ)W.

"Q8)fT61>L LDLW u@~6V6iJ6lJ~ urnLwLLD UL .' (Lf{lJw. 142). 5. QU~UfT{b ®~W {Drr6ifTCEWJ6fr fj}<ilfrtDfTW (Q8)rr@!J~~c$ QCJ)fT~C6'

(8)fTmrLjM 66JLfT61)LDUJrr~lLJ) C:u~~. "Gl1fT61516lJ)~

WLWrfu6Gl8;/Ufr" (LJ{Dw. 11). ~

LDtp - WL - LDLU4 - L1JLUUW == 1. Q~LD. 2. @~J;8it.b. 3.

aurn$D~Lf). ~

WLW - LDLfOllW = dPllr5I66IroulTw. "~~roiJrotSl/Ufr G1~roiJrotSlW1w"

(LJ[Dw. 106). ~

LlJL.filJ6Yr == ~{l5JQ1}~)(T6rr. LlJ[_~ d2ntC uiJ~8;Q8irrum- GLrrC3w"

(aJrliI@j!J)l. 67). ~~

WLGllfTW == Qu~. "®y;>d'r (~(!!jQlfTq:. 5:17).

lfJLGl1J = Qu~. "LDL~U1 (Q8)fT8iG8JfT. urru5l. 12).

. "@~Lc9;®6lJ LDL.{bm~" (g,6UU. 16:2). • Q.pj fT 6ir U 4Jl ~ 8i m 6)J 6l.Uim 1;J UJ U u ,_._ L..

LDLW - wLt6m~ = 1. 2. u~6NrrroM@j (!fJ Qumrr. (U/riiJ.).

Q{h. LDL/JiJ· &.

LDLWQJIT

G6J!D66J"

~"""''7Q) = 1. LDLUUW. "LDL..QJf7 ~fiiliM8i~ 6'1Jrr~~6iJ . 2. QUGDr. "WLGlJt;Ta~fT8i9it.h" (®flJQr. 1085).

LDL6IDLD - 6lf>LD = ~{lSIUJrrmLD.

o

UJ()6) L • ==()dPI pSi r;;VJ ro6J.

Q 1. @roYr6Glw. (/Urrtj) dPl8;.). 2. 2. tilrotrmroYr. "wfij{ijJwW9>" ). 3. wr$m ~6iJ~~ LD<JiroYr. "LDS;(!P~f!J ~@uu." @: 185).

UJ 6lf - lfj8i6l/ == 1. ®Y;$rn~."LDc!1iGlJ(!JJ~fiV QJ(!!jL" (8iwut;Jrr. 6lD$li6lJ. 13). 2. LD8>m. 'QairrfiiitrrLC:~lTtt Lf)<!Jj~mfT~a:" (~rfJ#. LJ. unutrat, 20). 3. LDIT~®6i> euttruni: Q)lfiUr!iJ~~ (8iLUL.

urrQJrr6mJfIT

11

(llEn(6?61JlTlR @(TtiJ~tiJ (§LLq.. IJil.!f)JU. (Q~rrru, LOIJ. 13), LDlE 6l{w Lfkir66u;rrlLjLD Uf!J(fJJw uffrfu4t..O

~6OJ6JJlLfliJ ~6ir6lfT dP/UUff 6Vff6N <aLD!DULq.. 14)

8i. LD8)6lJ (g).

U.I rt !D 6lJ(il)

• WQTL.bCJurr6U

uss: - LDa;<ffi = 1. @jy;>[iJ6lf>~. (w ). 2. ~6futiJw6"IDGYT. " Q 8)fT W fD uss. {b (r!!J " (®!D 61r. 11 0). 3. Lj ~GiJ6lJ ~ . "uss: 'U.(.I',vt:TN. (Q1hrr6iJ. r!1i{h. 33). 4. UJ{Dtha~rr6fg. ".!W~ 8i{b{D LDai~ Qa;rTGTTroU" ({Drr~L!J-. 136). S. C:unlr LD{DfOlJrotrr. "C3GlJ Q/~~ LfJaim" (L/.G'l6lJ. 2 : 5). 6. c!Jj~Ql6irr. "!Elrn-CTFl· ~1J C:~fT6irr [l5J ILl .:fW!Q_UJ" (w6"6"6f). 21 : 29). 7. G6JmG1TUJ tr 6lJ/Jff;l U Q umr QUUJrT guo "QU6ffi"~LD UJ@i>{h LDc$Qarw ~~ ." (Q~fTru. G'JuUJ.

11). ~

" Lf {D;2i,ff)J u c: u tr til 6'6J (6) 61T UJ tr (£I tb a u ~ U C!!J QJ i; f!Jl U Q u ~ in a; 6'f) 6fT. LD rt a!D IT J:, a; 1>;fJ rr rT@4a;f1iO'LbQ U ~ W OJ Q 6W ~ .D)J

• "('1) )

eu lP I!il @jU . ( \.1) 6F m tr. tJ_Jii6) tr. .

[Drr(f;J.

LDrTG[!JrTd;a;w 6T~U~ Qa;rTtD(0; ~.

lIi. LDlIiW (gJ. ~

~.a{Drr: mac (mak). A. Gaelic r . nifying son, and prefixed to many

surnames, as Mac Donald, Mac , & c. It is synonymous with Son in

Teutonic origin ... and with m ap (shortened into Ab or Ap) in Welsh

names. It is allied to Goth. mag n fern, magaths (G. magd, a maid.). (The

Imperial Dictionary of the gli~[ guage.)

LD8i - l.D8JGTr = 7. Qu · UJ8ir;;m UJrrc6J6kr" (c$6VldJ. 107). 2. LJ~6U6UJ.

"{56iJ8n..fr!A~rr6lr Q G1T" (a;ro1tji. 56). 3. LD6rJ>6"5TroUJ. "Lf)6W8;~~,

UJrrrt4@j !E LDQ;6TT Lb" 9 L.D6"6"6f}. 21 : 30). 4. Qu~ G'I~tiJQJLb. et-

® : f;J(!!JLDaiW.. · fiiJJ~~rrtiJ. 6T-@ : £61QJlJ)8iGYr .

!D. LDr!Jj~. 0;.

. Qu6'hT. 2. LD6l>rmG61. (~(r!!>.rf!.).

Wc9i@ - = 1. Qu~. "GrToo,,8irrm- ~tbC:£D LD8i@ZL ~p)!Qr!Frr~"

(Qt[JrT6iJQil .6). 2. LD~m66l. "@tbQUrT~ LD8J(jJf!LU C:UfTQ)" (LJ{Dw.

331). 0

12

LlJ8i'i/rr 6T ~ Wi Lb G) c!F fT6i>C:Q) LJJ~fiO fiT'*'!J)J i) rfl fl,i} (f!J;t,{lJ6lJ GQlmr(6Jw. LD~fitJrr 6TtOir~W Gt!FrrGiJ~{b®8; 8irrLLuu@t1J eyJfilJLb LD~ orAT UC:~. ~LD e!J>'iVj,i){b® LD~IP ~6iJ6U.{fJJ WJ® fiTQ-,U.tJjJ Qu tt ®~rr a;J; r!Tn..{D U u@5:J 6kr (lJ:f!JJ. ~.:ffJIG 6lJ Q U tt ® 6fT fT t61 roil. ~ ~ Gl/ • Q) IT ()froilu~ ~u5]{p# G)a:rrtb{lSlrfJQuwu~{b®a= t!FfT~{!Jrr ~QJ

u51f]"58J, . 71:7).

ussrnr = 1. LJ~ruQJrt. "~fil/6WrTC:c!1lfTar ussmt" (8iJh~ ........ ~r...&.,r_"" 2. ~.f!)J UJ Gtrfjlf)VJT Cf,w. "@GTT th~a>alST LD8ifT rfJ6!r" (u

LD8iW - LlJfT~ (~fiWurr{iJ G'luUJrf !!)J). (f ~

fiT-@ : iJI(!!JLDr!1i6kr - ~(l!Jwrrw, c$(!!jwc$dT - c!J)®LD~QU®LD9iW -

Q u@LDrrfiirf, LD(!!JLD&oir - LD(!!JLDrrroiT I c: f!' ~~, G6lJ6'1fI LDfTW.

LD8i6Yr - LDfTm (Qu~urr{b QUtLlrT J!)JJ. ? c!)

fiT -@: G'Ju(!!JW8iroYr - QU(!!JLDrTW - GJU®LD LD<!hrr - uxttt (ufit)rrurr[b QUUJrT ./J)J). ~ 6T-@ : ~~~wLDrrrr. ~8'lrf1UJ~rQ LDYJfiiIDQ) - W~~61J = 1. ®!J)~m~. 2. ~ (t5JffiJ.). "LD~timfilJ u5JtbPJ6'tl>W G&L_L_§JJJ u/' (J~ ~LJ· dfJI8i~ il

LD rjj (it)) 6lJ 8; ~ 6'ffJ = @ 6TT ffiJ 8iJ 6lf) 61J J; ~ 6JfJ uS! W LD lP ((irj) su u

UfTL!WW" (GJu(!!JffiJ. ~c96lO .. 4 : 164).

(yJ61r - QP® - (yJ(!!J® = 1. . (~6lJrr. 2. ~Y>@j. (UlffiJ.). 3. @{lSI~UJ

!ffi fitJ~ c;, ~tU QJ LD rr 51 ill (yJ • . " ~ ®ffiJ 8i1.!J- c: 6lJ ru6lrr (yJ (g,<;' r!hfT ®

QJ~H;'fT@" (LD~rnf7Jj. 11){)4. G{lJtUQJw. "(!:fJ(!!j~ GLDtUUULL_

LJ (it)) 6lJ /J iJ c: u tr (ijl) "( •• 59) . S. c: QJ Q) ~ Q QJ {lSI UJ tt L___@.- "(!JJ <!!J

a;UJrrtA~ QJ{i;$h (!JJ§JJ QJ(il)Q,-" (@J!)J{i;. 362). 6. i1®G5Jy>fT. (i/6lJrr.).

"C!J>(!!JeilLJfr urr " (@wrr. {DrrL. 7). 7. U~LUJQ) roJC!!>~/P.

"u~LC:UJfTrrJ; OjUJrr" (LD~rnlJ,9;. 38). 8. i'C!!Jc!:p@clJJrr{b.f!)Ju

UalL. "(yJ(!!J rr ®{Drr .[!)/' (~~ t'u.ur).

(yJ®® - = 1. clJJLl1J-~6YT®m-. (~QJrr.). 2. (!!jLDfJm g6iTWJt.D

<?!J{lSI~~~ Q~tlJQJth. 3. QQJ{lSIUJrr(E)w C1QJQ)w. "(YJ$JUJfTaGTTrr@ C!:P'7 <!hmff~ {DuSJ [b an. 661" (<!h~ {ljLf· GllW 61fI. 155). 4. u tr m su tf/ 1iiIJ.ji

~6lf)Ql •• (~([!j. tf/J.

~ .ji c: {ljwmm- @mliiJf(§Qm-~./J)J <!h(!!j$J(J UJ. @J{lSlI§8'l tf/fiI)

• • •

cIJJ~ et ~ {DfirT tr.

• ®UJt;TQu = @6UlGTT(§G1rr. c!p®o;<Oir. to. (YJ(!!JclJJw. &. cYJ(!!Jl];. (L1.). ® - (yJ.g)J - QJJdJ = 1. ~,",fr. "(!:p{lSI(]lJ)~" (<?!JtDrorr. 1113). 2. Q8)rT(!:pIh/i)/6lJ.

" mD6lJGUJ (!JJ{lSIC11Ll ~rotfIC:17 C:~rrC:L" (G)~fT6U. uxr. 88). 3. ~61r>Q)

(lLJfT~. ~e;).

13

(yJpJI~f!o = ~6'IfI IT ~$fJ6iJ. "QRtDJ tf,~ CJ&fTQJ C!:P~ lJ)rr (!jJ66>6lJUJfTrT" (gQJc$. 2358).

(yJp51- w{l51 = 1. ®iI(;lf)t;T LDfTW c!:p~.&UJ s5J6lJffiJ~w @~6lDLD.

UffffU4w uflJ(!JJLi> (§L'4-ILILD (§(!9m61TILfLi> &6ir!fJ1w tSllirm61TUlLO LD&6./W wp}llLfw gtir "JOfftiJrU~LiJ ~JPQf}(]UJR' "I-mmUJu (JuUJ(]cr (Q~rrru. LDIJ.

UJ/f@W (!!jJ]mrru.;w jD6iJ6lfJlL/w Il..mJjJlL/w g 9@JiJ 4Q)6JJtrW ILmUUL wpf/(]11.J «]LO!DUlq.. 12) (f1 '<\

2. c!PI@ffiJ~w ®,. '9 (liIffiJ.J. 3. LDfTm-®LUJ- "LD~~Q)o;UJdr" «(J{lj6llfT. 980 : 10). 4. GlFwwpS/UJrr@. "LDpJI Ll/!;drrUJrT LDfT~rt"

(&wut;JfT. ~tb!f)J· 15). S. GWIJ) fJ>~t;T. (~ . ~®. ®~~I}J

&~6tf)~ cYJ{lj66lUJQJ{bp)loir @QTtbQLJL_6"6)~~ ~fil)ffiJ®.

9J1{6fT: (6fT(f!) = ~Alw. 8'liU aliQ)Tiu5lw ~l_ (Alw(j)l) 8>.~J.DIfI. w.w - wrrdIT - LDfTmf1 = 7. @~ 2. ~y;>®. "UJfTmf1J; ~!D~C!!JQJfTUJ WfTUJfiig" (i/roiJ. GU~~:2:S). ~(!!JLb 3. u6ir6lf1#

ilJ!)J~w "8>~ wfTmf1UJrr u51t;T{6 8>~" (~Tiu. ~UJtD. 2 : 61). 3.

(!)!D6YT QJ Lq-QJUJ. (j

LDfiiM - LDrr6W = 1. u6tr6'lfl# HI 1m rr {;ffi tt §J 6tJ)QJUJ LDGYr thsf>fM6lJ Lb"

(jlfiiI. G'1urf/UJiJ. 8:10:8). 2. QJLq-QJW ~{Dfi1T~. "@!JJ!).ILDfT

GlmrrrQ56l1w {ljtDC:!!)p)/UJrr8> • ~ mrL.fT(j)lw (C:{lj6llrr. 164 : 5).

LJJfT6RrLDr56V = uw6lf1qg,g . "u6isr@ wrr-w Lf}8;Q-r{Dw G>61J.JQ) UfTlrj~(JQJ"" (~8;8iUJ" '. 67/2).

LDrr.m- - wrrowQJw - . q §}!J)lQJ~. "W<9t!FQJ}QT8; ~5JGfLJrr(!j

LDfT6WQJU uLf/-QJG) C!!J ' (ZL/J~I7"'". ~~LDU. 6).

LDrrQflTQlQsr - Q18;Ar = 1. wrrmf1, LD~LDfT&" ~6lD6lT(g.

'~G)U"8a:~ LDfT(iJ5lQJai~" (QurfJUJ4' c!FAIr(JL6&. 40). 2.

uQr 6JfI • . fj) 61) Q) & e; 6W J; 8j 6ir, LD IP LJ6U QJ 6iT. " .dfI, 6""

(y)",(1QST WrrfiWQJ8jQ)fJ" (~®L.Dti. 2163). 3. fiTL@ey>{6.

U"~fT~~ " l/LL ~J!JlQJar. (UlfTYJ. ~c$) .

... r ......... '"'1~~,"·, - LD IT fif6T rr 8; g,. = 8i Jb c: u rr W J U 6ir 6ffJ q fi14)J QJ AI

~~6JTrrrf]<iiYT uureartr &&W" (@.[f)JtA.33).«(;6lJ&J

......, •• 11I)LDli. ~rT)

rt ib!D 8; &@/Jm fb ~ llI-u U Al L UJfT CJj8i G t!Jj rr a.r L !i)6YT 61D I.IJ4 &®i;~ (l Q/ It clG>a= II siJ6l516ir ZLLofJ 61lQ)8; s;(!Jji;~ 8i&6Yr, 9J 8)J_UJ G)WW6'5)LD J)/1Prt!J LDIDw QJi6}6tf>l.D fjfQsrU6JT.

14

c: ~fT rD!D(yJW @wmwlLfill f)(!9uil rfJuiJar QJ tt IPr9;~CJju1lru QPtbu LL If! 6"GHiVCfi 6YT tt ~~ tt $W W, G ~rr!D{lJ Q to 6kr U §JJ ~ffi 9)J @wQrn-fTr;;WtDJ ~ w.fJ)J (!jJroM 6lJ (!9{ljWiVrT ~61JrT iW W, c: 10fT tDfDc!ii 9)@~ iJGtr QJ ySl !EJ6Ul6lJr9; 8j(!!Jj,ffP (l:P6irrGIDwQUJ~ u i!Jl ~ tDJ UJUU@W.

(!JJwmw QUJ~U~ ~rrWiV(!J><Oir @LQP~ crest @® iJ{DU tteo

QJJ6?rr ~LD (yJ{lj~ 6"(f)LD~UJlLf LD (yJ~~LD~UJlLj W ®p5! B>@j (!Pi' iT # ~ uiJob C!:P!D J!)I w.

(yJru - fYJru - ey;QJW = 1. G"5Im~u5Jro1 roW 9)J (yJmG {hfT ~' ~ (YJ ~lfHiTT u51 em LD fT Jb {D LD tt ~ UJ c: 6lJ rt. 3. iJ r;r ~ L G if fT UJ ~ y;> ffiJ ® ( UJ ffiJ.J. "(y>~ rt 8i6"5fl ey>61J (!jJ6Jfl8;8i~ LD jJ)J U u" (c9j ru61J . 8). 4. GQl6'5>r;T GUJfTLLq-UJ ~L!J-LD{J11J. "aurr~ e!jJGUw G'Jurr~O(LD~C:LD. 26: 47). 5. ~L!J-UU~L 6. (PfhQ) (~iJ)· "~~6lJ wrTLUJu1I[iJ sirn':«:" (QurfiUJL/. fh(j;Jj,. 56). 7. eJW~~W 1h61ffJ6lSl6lJ (e!jJGlJU UJr;r@®iJ). "fYJ6UcYJ LDfDWlw ... c!1)61fTiWU/' ( rflu . 13:24) B. a;1J~UJw ( CljrT fJ 6m tb). "e!/>fiIJ LDrT ~ UJ (y)WLDGUW" ~ tr g. 2:111). 9. ~ liI--WQJ WrT$lUJ ~fiiCWQJW. "tyJQ)LDrr&JUJ~~Lh" (iJ<!!JQJfT~. 2:171). "eyJ6lJCl!DfTtiJ pjfrBi® (!:fJ{!i6lJ6lIm ,g;~tiJ" ((]f!jQJfT. 845:9). 10. ~l1J-6lJfTUJfTUJUJ ~mrUJ-. 11. d){~GiJ c!:p~G1TaUfTW C:~"QgJ!)JLb

G{hfTuJ (~c!b. {ffiJ. ~

CJ

(!JJ ~ fib ( t.i1 diJ .) . 2. 8; tr fit) C!:p ar . " U1 dr .f!)IT ffiJ ~ ~''7JaUJ'' (~~UU"). "UJfT6'6>W 6lJC!§w UJ6iTC3m. a:.m~ QJ l.b (!J>wC:ar" (uy:J.). 3. @L(!pQr. "fiTW61fHiITc!pAT

{ffiwQ)Qrr QP 6it6ll1 IT" (~!DQr. 771). "(lpiiTGw 8il11-6lJfT6TT Lb e!:Poir.!f)J

c: u rt c;, j;fT L @,g;o;" ({bafl u u tr.). 4. ~ dtiT 6W 65r. "~./!)J (YJ G t!Fi

~wQP (!!)6lJrrQ)6lJfT. e;fTuL/. Z). 5. U~AlLf).

(Y>~ Ultfv.) = ufj)Glwrry51.

w~. G'I~. (!PW1.

"-LlL.I~"'''. - (!JJ61rrfi5T W. "~Lbu5JW1 (y)Qrr 6lfT QPmTfr!6~ Ql6lf)6Tr" (®!D61r. 1277).

,

e!jJ6l)LJ) - QJ. eyJQ).

eyJfiv - fYJ~ = 1. LDC!!J{h~rr c9j ·,.....""·"'w G6lJ®mLUJ 46lJ &J,~(£J QCFlJI-

Qa;rrUJ-. "urr~fT~ eYJ66'I UL:. " (~GUQJySl. 23). 2. LD(!!jJ~i~l::6lJtt. 3.

8)17~UJ (yJtjj6UQJGtr. 0

&Jfi6/ - 6)1. cyJ6616tr.

0;. (yldrm Lb - (yJfMW It. "QJ ([!j(!JJwmlr c9; surestr ~rrm QJ fT U;J;ma;" (@!D~. 435).

urrQlfT61RJTIT

15

(!JJ~ - <!:P~ ~6"5T = 1. U lP Alto. "(!jJro1rr6lf> 67fT i.J U Y;H.D Q u rr@L®th" (~@QJrTCF. 7:9). 2. ~8;~8). "()T~!D 61JTGisrrn6llT ~t.h(!JJwa>~" (q,WUf}"rT. W1®f)6)Q)8;. 124). 3. ~~~ar. (~Qlrr.).

(!:p6iuam - /..D., q,. c!protrQ~.

. "

LD

(JJ>m- roJT rotr = ~~ tiim rn-. "G) U L Q u rr (£J (!JJ6M ~ rom fiJf • (@r;r®. ~(O)J~rr(J!EffiJ. 13).

(YJQ-r W"GlJ6M = 1. C:~QlGtr. "QPw ~6lJroir c: u tt ~ t6JGb" (UJ 2. ~QJ UJ tr rr 6iff. "(!JJ~ 6fT t;;)J6W an..L 6lJ" (8J6UQ)fT. 32 : "(!p~m6lJffi 66/G6rQJ" (0; tbi.urn. C:QJw. 4).

(!pdT fM 6lJ 6fr = d!JI8; m8l (J5I ffiJ.). 2. fYJ a ~ 6l1J . ''rfP A flit QJ ffrr u ~ tt rna;

(]UJrT@ - QJ[h§PdJ{D fiilJrTGurrfiiJ" (8)Ih~'-I. UJ' ~~).

@j COt) (!j)6tr ~ QT" ~ 6ID GU QJ ~ . " ~ rr ~ ~. G) ~ U!fJl QJ y5J (YJ 6'6) flJ

(y)tii~TC:",rr~" (LD~aLD. 28: 123-4) !D6lf):!D. "QJrTL(!!JlSJ-u5Iffi

QJJ~C:QTfT~:lJl !KI6lf>Q)" (L/.Q@J. 3: . ). 4. ~~~w. -"~Lb

(!JJ~C:6WrrrT ~Il>rn~ '7JfTll/' (LJ·Q61J · .

<!:p 6kr ~ ~GlJ = 1. et f) It u u (j)I !1r./1. f) It <!:p m fjIJ.j; 0; 6kr ~ LD tt It u <!:p6kr~6M"1t <!:plLlriiJli1 fjM"GlJfjlJfTGlJ ~. 483). 2. <!:p{bu(j)l{!j-U ... <!:pw~ UJ fT(h) UJ ~UJ rrGtr _ ... ~ ffil(J rill ~rrGirr .f!)J6lJG 6W" (~®8iG sur. 16).

(yJ<DM ~rr~~ - QPw flJfTfiri>6M 61SHiU8; 8i6lf>L(y>6"6>61JT. "(!JJrn- {lJrr~61JT

t6JC:6U (yJlSJ-!A~rr6ff6lJrrLoulll- . 1:10:11).

(!proir-(yJarLJ = (GJu.) 1. • ~LW. "C:~rrLlJI-UJfT~ (yJ~4 4Uf}"~.:fJJ

q w!hrpjrr rliJ c$GlJ Li:/' (LJ epLb. .. (!JJtDa;rrfil)w. 3. u y;m LD (@J.6"6J.61'.).

cy:;~ - (yJafJ = ~af).

(!J>Qrr - (!pm QlT -. • "dPI ~ ~ roJT 8)17 ill ~ OJfJ (yJmm u.JJ Q)6U)Q)"

(G>~rr6iJ. 4~. . jjJ~. "Q6lJtUUJ c!:pViIDfi6T~tJD~@" (gQJ8). 1136.

UfTL- GQJ an.Jt~LD. 4. 8iL§JJJL GqGUS)Jt..D tC~@ 8n..rflUJ

£ElfiOuu · (FF@. 10:5:10) 6. fl)~QJ6lOLD (~o;.tf;J).

1. (!:proM 6"6fJ • . "fl)61S)QJu1l6b 6lJ6BT ffiJ 8l6lJ WfT f!vG<!nrr<::Q)fT frn$hUJ6lJrr rt

<!:pw(JuiiJ (f)0 . f)(!!J6lJfTlu. 5 : 3 : 7). 2. <!:pw.!£rrfil)~5I-U. "<!:pWL/!E1w

JDwUJ ~[JmrLJa;" (QiLnu(Jrr. 6lJfT66IQ/61S)~. 117).

• .f!)J - C!P ~ pSI 6U = 6lT L LfI- ar (!JJ W af1 L Lb " u fit) fiiI ar L QPwpSl6i>" ({lj{b. 77). G;}ffi. (yJtflJ5iro6J.

6U - c!ptbpSliU - C!PtD!DW ((yJro!T!1J8iW - (Y)~!Dw - QPtbflJW (?)) = 1 . ... ~----,,--. @ (!JJ(iJpw. "Lf)~WLDo6J WldJtDw LfJiQi r!Frrrn-Cl!DrTrt" (4{JJw. 178). 2. l!§l1rT (yJPJ!lJw. "QJ~g) (!JJ{D{lJw QlUJ8;8)W WfTS;" (4!Dw, 373). 3. Ut;TuLJ· "filJhIi» (!jJ~fiO<!ptb(DLb 66ffiJs;" (~e;LD. 57).

16

. \ ~ ~-.-~.-" .

(y)GkT.g)J - cYJ{!~. (y:>{h~ ~iU = 7. (yJ~. "(YJIJjJQJ([!j6Tr C!P{h!JjJ 5J."QJrr# Gc!FpSJ6lf." (@!D6ir. 715). 2. firiJrruu@~GiJ. "(JP!h~rorr 6JT(!§UJotfltDa, ~fJ)Ql6tT" (a;WLJ I}" tt, ~fTL6ff)8i. 28). 3. 65Jm,,~.u. "(YJ{h~rr rff/W{D G6lJL m a;" ("f@fTfi6T6lJfT. QiJ;~. 7). 4. (]Lf)G)QJl!9~. "9!_~iJ

c!p~6l)rr c!p~~6lJi1fJ (l{ljfTfitr¢''' (GffbrrGiJ. fiT@/J . 8 . S.

(yJ~6irmLDUJrr;?i6iJ. "~6ff)6lJu5IQrr C!Pthi) u51(!!Juu# G~UJ6b' .67).

6. UJ{D~~6iJ. 7. uy>6"'6)LDUJrr~'" CIi. CYJ{h/P. (\

c!p{h~ = 1. C!PtD9>rTfiVW. "cYJ£6/!J1a>!fJ r!F67fTeiffirri)" (ei· M (!!j. 10).2. (!:Pm-Lf· 3. G~rrLJiClit.b (~-iJ). "(YJ!6iJjJ /D(E) Q:P 6lJLDrr~lU" (iJC!!J6lJfT s: 18:5).

(!JJtf;4J1 - (!JJ!6~ = 8">L6lJW. "(!JJtf;{h6J)QS1 II.JTT .Mjjjr(;(;;:/~w !J)Jw" (8'/ HI.

4:28). ~

(!JJ !5.{!j1.!¥f Q) = (yJw ~ 6b. " (!:fJ $./p ~fiDT (!;I c!:p 6J)!D i.J U L

Q6lJ6ilir~" (Q~fT6U. ~!DuLJu). :__ ~

(YJ{AiJ = (Qu.) 1. (!pW~LW. 2. Q)m-. "GJurr ,{!JJwrr$htt

(!JJ{hiJGUJ Q{hrr@W1~CliQr" (®tDfD . LD{h~l.1)rr. 21).

3. (®.6UJ.or) CYJtDairrfiVw. "C!:PthiJ rJlrrrt c$w 6lJ{6§J/' (a~QJfT. 477 : 8).

(!P!h4J1 - (IJJ/AfiGl$h = (GJu.) 1. Lb. "(!p!h",{h~~rrw (Ja;L..L

filJrr(]f!J" (€I6lJ8i. 545). 2. U6a>!J) ffiJ.). 3. (yJ6MaQTfTm.

lD,mmI6LUffQtJ.J6ir pflQJff &~ .. . 6TJjb6lJJP' iJ6irl!Jl (y.QQJ. 9:33)

4. (®.6llJ.6T.). ®fiBI "QJ!h{DUJ- !hiJ (IjJ!6~~ tffJtbU1Gir" (LJIDw. 10).

<YJ th fi6) ~ - (!jJ Ii 6'lf) fD - Jj fi3f} L t.b. " (yJ /J rrn ~ 6lJ ® fL ffiJ 8i fT 6IJ ~

G:f6fT~p5Jdr" (Q{DfT • .iJ)J. 164). &. (!JJthQ~·

(y) t& i) g} c: 6JT rr rt - · c: aT rr IT. "@fit) ffiJ ~ 8j iJ It /J iJ 51 ff1 c!:p t6 i) 51

(lQfTn-G,," (ui){b

(l:P ~ iJ + FF uSl (J rr rT = (yJ fA iJ uJ uS! a fiIT fT rT - (yJ th $t6I c: 06T" It - (l:Pd;SU)(J trtt >

nlaJ'IU·.1 • 'for-' f}® ~Qlf)rocmTGUJfirf)6U.

:..:.I-=-' + @® = filJ£fi~@ = QJti~66J(J1· 1L~I7~D + @@ =

IT: (u fiVtt U tr 6b @!D!6fhOirrQ) 651 fiG) filSTQp{b!!)J W 6iJ QS)6fTUJ rr uUJ([!)w). FFt6JQT6lJtT - FFt6JATrrlT (6'5J~mUJfTQ)QJ)AJr,,-/w

• - FFt6JG6JTfTrt = FfthC:~rrrt.

: -=tit6lwrTlt - c:fiuiJ(Jmn-rr. C:UfTt6Jm"rT - C:urruJIC:m-rrrr. ,.,.~fiU fiT fill tb m161lf;V, @QJQl6lJ)&t6JiU tyJ6D1 Lj,8 w 4» fmfiflST65I 6'f)QJTUJfT 8; QJ(fjw. (ljJarAf16'f)QJtD1Lj,iJtiJ@ fiT@~IJjJ&,!JjrrL@ @{D!i.IPULLAJ/.

urrQJrr61lTrT

17

j) 6iJ 6lJ tr tlJ U fT L._@ 6'51 ~fi4T ey:>{b IJ)J ~ QJ6lJ I!J Q}J filS) WUJ fT61J6I) Q'fTUJ W GUUJrT, ~Qr6J)L.DuJJ SJlW uLJ'r t!i;m8H61 jJ}JW FF J!)J @6irp5}lLfw QJ(!§w.

"".[!)J ®o1rr [DfT 6 QJ(!!JQJ 4JJ U Ltr 8; Q) &161 tb G) u@WUrr6lrr6J>LD. {DfiirmLD t616i> FF J!)J ®w[DfT 4Jl QJ(g)ilJ{b{b® j)8i8ifTQ)~ Q~@j,~8;&rrL+-'~.~

et -@: FF J!)J ®w/Drr 6'5J GmfiSTUJ rr606"6J6SlSTUj tb G) uUJfr

"U1{D~~UJaQfTf7l(" (G~rr6iJ. Lt6Jtt. 93) ".dlltDI~iJ~ c: (®.!!)J{6.

18). UfifS)Lj,~~ GarrrC:t;T" (4/Dw. 18).

A'1lI eArp51w ~A)61R(!P!i>1lI $f;ArA)U) (f ~

'G'I w_vG'l{lj£fl Ql6'IfI u516DlQ' UJ." Q/JDlQlar p5) i=JC:fiIT' r'¥rolJ. et &jj4jl.

t5J{Du. 20); (f~

ULIT&...,&. "urrLw Q'rrwfD 66/{DWC:Qltfj~l.D '" §}U4J!)JQlIT L/{DwQu{b p5}8KlfidT" (LJ!Dw. 11) .

.JblQJ6irtDuSKlfiMQr - .!DI6lJ6irrP5J(]WQr - ~ C:~m - ~QJArp5}¥JAr. LJiDw Glutb{ijt616JTfT~ - LJflJUl;)utb~~· - 4!DtbG1utbp5J~6JTfT6tr -

LJ!DwQutbtD1~m. ~

(!ptfjf8 £fI' = 1 ,320 ~ ~UJ fl$j)iJrz uIluo. a;w. .. (!ptfji) £fI(J w{b a;rr fiRfJ u5'1@jQJG{lJoiJ" (!6rT6lJLf/-. 346). ~~

(!p[5fb/ +j)1fI = (!P[5f8tfl. j)tfl ~ ~Q)@i{ljW, Ulw j,;f5rolJ, G'I a;@{ljiU.

j)rf1a:Gi> = UJw6l/. C)

5'.G{DfT: UJarww = 1. U1 i1/.. • QJrT u5}QJ8;8iW. E. fraction, fL. tnna,

break g,{pQlfT uJJ6U8;8i • 6tr0 <!:PJt,i)UJ!fJJ (!pth~lfl GUJ6JTuu", §JJ.

(!JJIAf8rf}2 = ~~l1I- ew).

(y)Qr + /lJ/rfl = (yJ • C!:P!6~rR. 4»®j,~6U = (yJdr ~6tr~~6U (~.6'6J.).

§JJ®di4JI{bQ> = • ~Qr~:!66'iJ (U1.6'6J.). (y)~f8rf18;Q8ifTL6mL

u y;>~f8 {b® G) CJu (!:fJ~ tbcotr6'lf/9; G 8jfTarrrUi-@/J~Q)"Q), ~{b.

uYJ(!jJw fJj fAilrfl QUJQUUUL.L~. ~mr~LDfT ~aru~w

~u G tt 6YT ~. ~~UJ-u5I6U (~l1I-uJ1Q)) GlCf,rTLAlLUJAlLUJ

UYJLDrT • UJrT. Q~. (yJ~tb LDrru))lJ1-.

p _0

(yJti~.--~= I;j bU/6lf)ar (E).

4J1 - (!jJ~Q; = 1. G~I7L8i9)W (cfbiJ)· "(!JlpjjWT¢I

~~~'\JU' U (U/fiUU. 8,'1, lL6*lS>(l) 2. (yJtjjG61w61([!Juu.{f)J. "QP~QJ!B (G)~fT6i.>. ViT~/Jf!JJ 458). 3. &t;TfiRfJUJw (&fTfJmrib). "G{fJrTlil(!:PfD " (®!D6Yr. 948), 4. eyJfiU 8i"fiRfJUJ6JTfTQT 8iL6lfG1r. "eYJQJfT

... ---.- eotr I.iJ {616ir!D (yJ~Q)QJ rr " (iJ (!!JQJ rr s: 27 : 10). S. (YJ~6l) fT (j6T QlAr .

"QIJ{DQ)rrUJ !D6U6tJfT 61JT@jG1TwU6UfT6iJ" (f8Git. ~UJtb. 1:5). 6. {DQ)Q}6tJ)LD j j

QI rflA> 6. C!:Pfh~ wrrr;;m-rra;,g;w. 7. ~~LQa;fTafJ (651(]6Lq-lLlw)

18

&. c!:p~fiO.

(!jJ~§JJJr7Jru = ((;)CF. @j. G51). 1. ~QJ. "(!JJ{ljQJrr aQJ~ 1DwGuUJtT (!JJ~§JJJLh" (Q~rrQ). G'lwrr ~. Q~fTL_8;c9i(!JJmL_UJ {ljrr ~oi>. "(!pQJfT (!:jJ~QJfT 6lJ6l)!JiW" (gQJQ;. 1).

(G~. ®W{Drr6'5l.J. 2& Q8irrmrL1J-®~tbru. "~CJi(J (!JJ~QJ

G)QJ@i;Q~6UfiUfTLb" . 1).

(yJ~6U6lJ G!r = 1. {lj a-r. "e!P6lJ rt 8>@j (YJ~ob6lJ fJ tt ~ tr rt " ((] {lj6lJ fT .

453:2).2. 8)LGlJ • 6lJe!j)Gtr £DLq-i;~rrUJ (!JJ{hGlJ<iilJrm" (a;6U!/>. 124). 3.

~r:r CF~. (f;iQJfT. ~~. "~Qrr(yJ~ffuQJ6kr Qu®t.bQuUJrt" (8)'""'1>.

75).

rJ:P~fit) (!J>{ljrolJ611ar. "<!p~fiVQJ6ir (yJ{D66J UJ (!J> ~m ~ a UJ (TIT"

(8)WUIJIT. urnL 50).

o ~!J 8iLGlf6Yr, '4G)~~gfi6)L QJ>{I;(]6lJlTm" (8iwulJrr. {f/®w

1

. ~ m Q) 6lJ Qr . " er ffil8i W Q:P Q, G u C!!> (yJ {h 061 UJ 6U 6'lD Q)

__ ,_...ar" (GJurflUJLJ. a;mraw/j. 177). 2. QUrflGlUfTW. "eyJQlrT

a;~!6 C:{lj6lJfT(J~ QCFUJ~ i1®uurTL ... -CE,tl/' (6J smb. ZL6lJrr. 78). C!!JCFrTft GGlJ6TrwrrQT@a;®w G)5ffiJ®t!~@8;®th 9®(Frrrt rJJc9mQ WrrQJLL6 5LDfitRf1@8;®W QJy;>ffiJ~t.b (§fifJUULLU GUUJrr. &. G totr {D661e;( g).

urraur6lRJTrr

19

(!:P ~ 66J UJ tt tt c: LD {b (!!J tr5J /J ~ &:> 6lJ ® U U tr fr ci; ® Lh QJ fP ffiJ ® tb

®Q)UULLU GUUJrT.

c!:p~6l51GUJrrrt = QP~6l5lUJ t51tDtT. o;LLfTUJ @!hil6tnU1 ~itlr~§JI~ ~uS1my;8i Birr ~~QJIr. LD6'4l{DLDm60UJL!J-o;W. GCFfTLD8i!h~(J c!p~661aUJrr FJ treu It.

C!:P ~ i6I UJ tt 6RT L rr r;,ir = 1. @t;TITL.D rr ~ <!F rfI rn- LD tr q;w iJ®LDrr~l1I-UJrrrt. 2. @(JrrLD~rfFrfI~ iJrg,6lIL!J- t:61m6lJ ®

C!:P~w mLD = ~6"6HiUtOlJ)W. "a;~ {D UJfT J;q,QS)~ (!JJl!J(!P~rotr 6lf)LD a;,_tr5J" (8iWU f)" tr. LDt5~6lf)f7 . 1).

c!p~fi6}",LD = {D61S>6U6IDLD (4 /!Jl c9i. OiGiJQQJ L@. 0

(yJ{h6lJfT6'fft - 1. tyJ6lJfimGlJuL/GlrGYT6lJrjr. 2. G) • YJfTfr. 3. Q~rr!lf!cb

~ rr 6f)fiO ~6iJru f!JJ 6lJ~ 8it:61Grf>6tJUJ ZLrfirn LD 4. ;;?j61f)6lJQJG6T.

(yJ §JJ - (yJ~rr it - (yJ~rr rfI = (!:pm-ma; QJ6lS) • "(!:p~ 6m8i QjJ{DfT rflUJ

GJLDfT6'ffta;fT6lJ" «(!JJ~/!lIci;. U16ir. 17). ~

(!p[tJ~ - (!P~ - (!p~mLlJ = 1. u~~ri;J'). 2. &JuLJ. "@mmLlJ

!6fT~ (!:P~Qf)LD QUJtiJi)" (LD :LD~ i;iff37). 3. C!:PftUQwrrfl)! (@JLfT).

4. C!Ptbtr5J6"6T {ffi6m6tJ (UJffiJ.). S. QJJ.ffP . "9;ySJ !Ba~rr Gf7 IT!If! [!,CJtjifTtT 8>®Ji

ClifTLl1/-UJ (!JJ~mLDUJw" (G'I~n • . rh. 24).

(ljl ~ c$ ~ = 1. (!JJ {D 6kr rom UJ 8; 8i roW. "(!J> tb tr5J my; LD OJ 6Yfl rt c9> ®

(y:>4J18ilO6lfTrrQLDw" (Qu®· ~ IF8;. 36 : 198). 2. C:ulJtr5J6l/mcrf8~.

(!P1)J8ifT@ = 1. uy>ffiJo;rr (iJ .. 2. ar@a;rr(];1. "(yJ§JJrfhrrLliI-",L -

" ('b 0

{DLLDfTl1I- (\.D{!jGlJfT. 77 :

(!JJ~®lSI- = ®tr5Jcgg) • 6iJrn'iUiLf th @mrDW ~~ QJ{D@.9w u rrrnQ)

t:616lJ.jJit ru "8itD G ~ LD ~a Lrr 6iiT!D tr J; 8)fT6U~~ QI rrQ GYT fT@

(!JJ tb c: {lJ tt ~ tr5J ' LD {D eu fr ® 61) Lb. (JJJ .J!JJ 8; ® L11- . "(!:P f7 ar c!1i I.SJ- U

UJdmtLW (!jJ~c9i,,,,,,,,,___U [jJ!D~c;1Drr6tr." (l.D~C:w. 1:31).

IiJ fD!h m 1D UJ rT . " et LD (yJ.:fJl ® fJ 6)J Q r;r rro ~ (b

1D6lSTn-Gl~~ u. 16:60).

(!P~Glq'b~ <D5TCl6lSTfTn- Cl1hL_(El (UJfTfjlu.).

CYJ4PQ 6U():: uYJQwrrySJ. "~wurr6ID61fT ~fTtiJuu{b{Drr QIJ<OiT~ ill" (i'®Q)J6?f)rfF. GQlGtnfTfTL. 2).

= s.n Ll!J-{iJ r!Ji6m" QJ ~ 6lJT u1I Yl £h~ ~m fit) 65J {Drn:J !EJ ~ J!)J

• • •

rntpj& 8n.J!)J l.D Lf {D~~66> {D.

USllE lIr{T ib#Q)Lli ~666TQJ6I)6lfT u5JIPJb§

~6IfILf)&6fr 46VWiSJUJ (IjJ~Uff 6J)Q)u .. l'.iJ (Q~fTru. LHD~. 24)

C!:PiD1Q6lJ@~~ = a~tr5Jffi fiT@~~ (W.).

20

(!JJ .{DJ(lQJrafliiJ = &@ffiJG8irr61>L.

QP4JlQJtr = 7. f.!PI,(J"rrlr. "~lJrr511LJ (!p~QJtt" (&!i~4' QJQrilflUJw.43). 2. ",J61QJrrtD!D6lJ u51&<lcSfT!T. "C!P§JQJ(!§W cY>Ji8 ~6TTQJrr 6 Qq:¢1'Y"

(®PJ6Tr. 715). 3. W~~tflLDfT!T. 4. 4Q)QJrr. 5. 9(!¥rrlr LDA)6U It.

(!P.J~)"::QI"IT = 1. ~fJlFW. ~6hflUJar, ~rrtiJ, ~tAQ)~, C!P ~ 661 UJ G;) u rf1 c: ILl fT It. " (yJ ~ c: QJ rr rT 8; «!, (!p ~ Y>" ~

(6'I.f!)Jurrmr. 231). 2. fYJj,a~tt. 3. ~A>LDctq". 4. ~¢'I .t(J&fTrt.

S. 4Q)QJrr. rP ~

(yJ~UJw = ~/J"'QJfiir. "j)m6tfw@ (!p~UJ®riJ iJ6lS)~6tT!f)JQJQg¢1"

(~8iw. 30). 0

(yJ~UJar = 7. e!jlj,{b6lJ6kT. (&061~. 25). 2. !(Yl~rr!5C::5fTQr.

3. {fIfTw(!p&Qsro "C;l~rrL.J5J&(b8iL._ GLrrAT UJQJ6V (!jJ~Q)rr 8i"

(8i~~.2). 0

(!P~UJfT6ir = 1. fYJ~6Tr. 2. (3~QJfJ" • UJQJt518i~ ®{D<YJiJlLJrrflrr

"Qa=6iTID Li1w,-/" (G1urfJUJ4. c$6Ur

• •

eJP.!/IIQJ6lJ = UA>!sP6tJ>wUJfTtD uQe

(yJ§JJ - (y:>~fTrr. (y)~fTrTW"@ = (yJ~rrrt - (!Jl~fTrft = t, (yJ/!)I .' {DfTrffu UfTQRST" (LJ!Dw. 138). 2. un-fib LD~ aim J!)J (W.)'.>k-l"'~ It wrr@ ( (FffiJ. ~8).J. 4. (!fJtbpJIU}/p.

(y)~rlfflJ;g,rrli.J. (i)6l)u. 16 : tb).

QJJ6 = C:u,,¢1'V. "(yJ§JJ rr " (i}J!)Jurr~. 40).

o

j)6JT",LDu51Q.> eM ¢'I65J~o'~j~'4 Lb (yJ !6I"H.Du5I6l.> ~ p5) 6l/fiilTfif) LDUJ W,

, ULt_¢1661WA>UJ wUJrr6iJ fiTdJu@w i}UJtDm& t6J6I)QJ6I)W

GlUJQrUfM>{6. UJ 6 6Tw~c9 (i,)grr(b8iQr tL~trI>6~6b

8irr"'8i.

<!P~&@) - (9)4Jjd;(!!J(i6)!D. <!:p!lJ&®m!D{h6lJ = ~ p5J6l./ uSh!!):fj6U,

"(!JJt$/J ~8)®6'f)!D!A1h DrifrClLff" (~!DQr. 707). @"6mtD~6l> =

~diJ®:f)Q)6 -~ JJ.uumL~Q) (Q{D®@!J~ro).

(y) 4jJ9. (JKQLl II ~ = 1. C:u t;T ¢16l1. "~ilQ)rr IT UJ rr IJ)JW LJ Cl)6lJ Q)}~!DL.D8iQr (l8ifT J; G)8irr6TrQl<!Jj (!jJ~,J,(f!)~fDfi1/" (tC~G!Dp5J. 33). 2. G'JudJr

u,,~ (/stUU65lL6l/).

~~'!!fj0ll!D = C:ufJp5}QJ. "c!:p~J;®m!D /fJffiJ6Ul8)" (§1filJu. 15 : 202). ®"'fD6lJ = (YJ,{f)/J;®mpJ(O)J = C:LJa>~6'6)LJ) (@!jjLJT.).

tyJ 4Jl - (yJiJ It. C':P~ rt ~6U = 1. (!jJ §JJ6IDUJ u5J ®~6iJ. ~q;m6lJ c!:p~ It {h~QJ It. 2. fi6lmi1TGlJ <!:PtD.!!)J{hru. 3. 8;®J$lfJW'-l~6iJ. "~6iT (!:piJrTLJ" (LffDW. 761).

u rrQ .. HfQAffrr

21

4. tEJm!D~iU .. "fLfiDlflJ(yJiJIJrr lBlJrrQ)" (i16"6)fimLDrrrn6U. 103). S. 9i@mLDUJIT~6U. c!piJlrC:6lIafJob (CFrfiJ .. J)lci..) 6 .. GCFfT6lJ iJ([!J!A,ff)J~6iJ. "C!Pilf7fT9; 8iJGV6UJUJ6rr" (w6RfJC:w. 22:181). &. (!P4Jl. Q{Ij. (!JJD@·

C!PiJrt - (YJiJrT ci€iJ = 1. QPtb{l5JUJ bVlmw6lJ. 2. (!Pi!»6"6>W uSJ®~.. ~~

U@QJw. 4. <!:P/!)J8;@!jfi6>!DG'l/ (~QJIT.). S. 61l16m~ uUJm[!J® ~D);U

&iJr'r - &ilrfI - &ff;Jrflmw = &ffJjmw (UJrrW. ~e;)~ L. maturare, F. maturer, M.E. maturus, ripe, E. mature. Q

&D - (y)QSl{!j = ulPdilG'la;rr6i>QSl(;l). "(y)QSl{!j.9=&QI~j;{h (!;PiJ!Drr Q}/,""w4W" (®J!)Jj,. 204).

• • 17) ~o .

QJJ~~ - (yJfiJ>{!JUJGlJ = uJj)ffil81rr ~I (@}LJTJ. 2. (CFtnJ. ~c$.).

Q/J/!Jl- (C':P~iM) - QPtOf!)J· C!:PtD!!Jl'lh6U = (G)o:.®. .. ~6U)W lu61>L:fjQJ

(UlffiJ.). 2. QJJ~rT{I)fiu. "CI:PtbpS! u5J®t!{b 8; UJ" (IDrrfilJLq-. 19). 3.

(!:J>@ GlJ6TTtT # ~1Lflf)J;h6lJ· "'iPtT (yJdJpJfT 6lf ' r iJ6iJ· ~@QlrrtlJ. 8:3:4).

4. G~rt#q] G)uJ!)JfEJ6iJ. "LfIJ661u C::UIT ffiJ l)uu{D& a;dJJ!)J C!Ptbp51"

(gQJ9). 1678). 5. &~QL@tD ' [DrfI(Jurrti> GurrrfiJ51"

(L/.G'/QI.8:16). 6. Qlu5/rpiiJ G'/e;min {!j~ u.n). 7. tff/m(DaQljJ)J{hib.

"~mLDC:UJfTtt8i ®{btD @m{D , (e;wul7rr. 8iL6Uo;rr~. 11). 8.

&J1J1-{D6iJ. "$fJriiJ9i(!!JLD (!J){iJJ!)J/h " ({DfTfiOlJJ-. 231). 9. j)!D~~""

"LDrr!b{D(Ij)p; {hrTr;JfTfifrfT 6l51w J!)1 tb" (j16iJ. (i;)UrflU1fTJj). 2 : 10 : 1).

10. 9i@~fh6b. 17. !E161>!D(JQJJm(~VV

((;;)0:. ®wtDrr 651.) 1. Glr!FtU{{)J 6\). "C:QJ6ir6"51 <!PdJr61" (4JDw. IS). 2.

~!f! I>~Q). "CJPdJ{l51V6T6lrr • {lflm QmQsr.!!)J (yJrn L/ QJ~4)I" (&WU fJ rr.

®wus;lr. 311). LD. (!fJ~~-<,

C!:PtbpSJ~y; :: 1. c: · urr@ iJ®~iJUJ ~6RfJ8jQ)tb. 2. ~m,., w6RfJ/AfD Qu~. ' 'Wi,.t:.I4UJn a",6V c!:p{bp51my>6'6>u/' (iJoiJ. Gurf}UJ. I). 3:7:8).

CYJtDfDoU = 1. @LfT). 2. QJJiJtt#~. 3. (y)Jbp51U14J. "cYltbJDQr

~rtJ51GiJ" . ([§cic!Ft5. 52). 4. Qlu51lJw. 5. ep{bp51U1 UYJ8; r$fTtlt.

"C!P{bfDtD ~~ • iJ - ~Jbp51UU{l518;ct!JW" (!6rTeul1/-. 237). 6. Q~tbJ!)J. 7. <!:PliI-6W8j(§~.J. 8. iJi'brQ)w. '~C!:Ptb!D6U UJfT61>6W" (j)fiiJ. iJ(!!J#~~.

52). 0

J'

• • ••

(yJ~ ~ UJ. C!:P[D{D &>l1I-UJ = (IJJ@§JJLD (!PUJ-UJLDQJ6f)IJ·

~ (!;P@DW. "(!;P{bjJ)J (y)~r'r!6{hQl rflQ.lmru"

~ - C!:PtD{DGM = (y)@@rn{DQldr. "(yJtbp516lJfT~lTm~ (!JJ{b!DC:vm _.,._ .. " •• .J!)J Q LJjIT !f!uSJfJlJ th" (G ~QJ fT. 648 : 9).

CYJ{bp51mLD = (yJiJrT~~ ~p51Gl/. "(!pJDp51mw Go=rr6iJ66Jar" (iQ}&. 2511).

22

(lj:J[b jJ)J = (JJJ{b{!5J. (YJ{b{!5J ~~6iJ = (!pLfI-~~GiJ. "8>®LD LDfTu5J~ W QJJUJ-Uf W Qlrru5]w (YJ{b{!5l/J~/' (Qu(!!JffiJ. LD<!h~. 1:69).

C!:fJ ~ - ~ /fJJ = C!:p !!Ji C06l LJ). "eYJ ~ fT ~ 6lI W (!JJ 6kr riWTlt (!::fJ u/; • iJ @ w " (a;wufJfT. t51fJITLLfI- <!hGlTffiJa;rrmr. 18). ai. fYJiJ.

fYJ1Dp)J~6iJ = 1. ~{!5l6lJ (yJf;Jrt~6lJ. 2. u~~LDUJrrw U1 {l5J 1000.

fYJl5#u..; WWW61J6NWff!T QlFlT6VfjlJ6lJ""; (~6iJ. jw,ID. fYJrjjfT = 5:Jy; ~rm. "QJ~GlT~rnQ) fYJ~fT" {uiJ{iJ. 1. .

fYJrjjrrtiJ = urrL/4- e!J>{bViro"ffiJ@j = Birr<OtfJ ((§L'J? /:'\ 0

e!:PiJrfI = 1. ~Y'UJrr(f;J. 2. ~y;> fiTC!!Jmw. 3. ~ ~.J.

fYJiJrfI - e!:fJrfl = 1. QU®~LD. "~tfJ,$ <!hL • " (Lj.GJ6lJ. 3:3). 2.

6116'6JrnLD. "ey>rf1 QQJr8!iJ~QJ" (8iwut;Trr. • U @6"m". 26). 3. U~~LJ)

(W.). 4. ~ifJw. "e!j)rfI QUJ®~{brr ~Y" 6tST. {Drr{h. 21). S. 'iTC!!>rnw.

"(1 ustt LlJI-f01r ~rfJ y../ y/8;8) " (o;WUlJfT. ~o;v61~o; 69). 6. ~~.a u(J;l WQ9LJ/j/ ~Q9rfi1o;~ ~rflGUJrr(J;l" (uiJtiJ.!J)Ju. 67 : ~a>LC:UJlTml7 (iJwrr).

In. e!j)lfI. Q:fj., &., 411. (!j)rf1.

ey:>i)6iJ = 1. uy>rfil®l!I-. 2. fTW w{lJc!ii®Lq-. "~u51UJdr QI[!,~

&i)6lJfTm" (Lj{Dw. 284).

•• •

e!P~v;m-rr~ru = fJj~

GJ WfT ySJ6lJ rr(]r;r fT" (ZLU

ey> ifJJ fiifj)fJ = 7. U JPGJ u51Q)C:~" (~6iJ. Q

CJj (j IT ~ 6U . " e!:P!tJ ~ rt ~ fh W fJ G!r [l5J

tr. UJQJLJ~. 229).

"eyJm!pIl/l:.J u[l5JUJfT 'Pi Qrjj~~ e!P~~(JH.J lP. 3:7:4). 2. t5J!b8jfTfiU ~6JTom6lJU.Jrrtt @U.J{iJpSJUJ

• •

fJ'rT dPI fD.!¥ffil)·

e!:P.uPQJ fr = QJJ tttt, "~mrrom rr LLGlJ IT fYJ 4JJvil.lIY" (i) ®rOBt ([!j~. 2).

fYJrn;'h = ( lPriuQS;fTruGrnfiV. 2. t!lifT61f1. (W.). (®.QU.6T.J. (y:>~0lf){lJ.

"QJJfi!f)~~~ e;~;lf)l_c!iien.L_L" (U/Q)u. 9) @.!J)I$l QQJ~UfT).

(yJ f!jJ - (JjJ ~~ ~ fiv = 7. dPI Bia> QJ UJ III rt ;'hGlJ. "eYJ I> a ~fT W QJ ® r!Jj

G'lGlJm (4fDw. 183). 2. (!JJlf;/mLD tLf.J!)Jf!joU. "~u5}UJrftr 'Y>~~{b.!J)J"

( 1 7). 3. C!:Pl1J-~ru. "npeu« (!:p~6lJrr 6l/Q)c!1iW" (g6)j8;. 1).

. "UJ iJ Q 6V t.iJ 1D fYJ!F r;r q i7 em 6lJ (!:P r!i 6iJ 61J rT a; ® " (a ~ 6lJ rr .

ULf· (ILJrry>. ~8i.).

e!::P {!jrom~6ifr = Q u rf)UJ~6'W~.

'YJ~;'hj;la;rr '7 W = {lJ6b)Q)mLD UJi' c!Jirr t;J W (T.A. S.).

·

urrQHTQUTIT

23

tyJ/J{IJ iJ®UU~8)W = Cf)fTG'5lfJ 8;c!J)fT~W~LDUJrrfr @UJ{b{l51UJ U~cnW. (QurfiUJLj. cnrTmlJ .$cnfT. 63).

e!:P/J~uuQrr = urrLLw. "6TW(yJ GVi6T!hm;fJ e!:P1>~uu6ir (C:~.-..

9). LD. (!JJj,~uuffi.

ey:; cjJ ~ U16iT m G7T = ~ ® fill tr rt.J (k IT .J)/ fJ CF fJ rr GiJ !D tr •.. _._....__"' .. _.._

G'l6lJWOiYT fTOiYT@j.$rtfjJ; G'lQ;fT@.$Q;UULL- ULL-W. ()

fYJ/JtJjQlrn- = 1. ~a;6mQlu51tb Qurf1UJ6lJ65T. 2. ~mr6Wf4?' ~~tpj6lJtb8if7 &Groumrlil-UJ (!JJ<iikr4i!JITQ{h@tfi{lJ®~" (j,JffiJ. ~iJ· 4:6:7).

3. aW(]<iVfTm. (w.). 0

f.!:P~~rrtt = 1. e!P~a{Drrfr. "eYJ~rp;rrrf1al (~~fTlJ&. 35).

2. c!h~QJ61Sf1m $f>~L1JUJrnnlr. &Jj,.pJGlJ6rr - m = 1. (!JJiJUJ6lJroir.

(UJffiJ) 2. ~a,m8) 3. (yJr{!j6U LD61S)m~. 4. (UJrTlP· ~8i).

ey;~a~rrlr = 1. ey:>i)UJGlJrT. "6'5J@j,fj05T {hnlr" (~CFrT(JJ;. 22).

2. um-r~~rt. (~QJfT.) 3. L.D!A~rf1LDrr·.

tyldi a {hfT I4tT = 1. dPI Q;m 6lJ a w~ ~ I4tT 2. dPI~Gm6kr. (£5/ riJJ.). 3. (!pfijlUJ6lJ6kr. 4.48 - {brtfj aw • ~~QJ.$ rtfjLULL-GlJI4tT. (w.).

e.!:P - ~ULJ = 1. dPlc$rnQl tLfUJfti . . !pVilf)w. "c!:p~~~CJj eyJULjtiiff'"

({.6fToulJ1-. 92). 3. r{!j6m6'lJ6mw. (UJ <$), 4. '€}LLrTf]r# GO:Q9c9;®. {htitr

e!:PuLJ = cYJtb!Df;/8ifT(Jw. us. . Qj?j., ,s. (!:puLJ·

~~!.UUL_LQI~. 2. d2:bLL/Ji)Gb QQJ~!D6lJ6irr.

rrdr. "&>uurr<iiM LD@6l/W" (~~uurr.i.32:61).

eyJuulr = 1. Qu tr. "fYJUU6tf)t;J u511J)Y>thC:~rrUJfT~GU" (~rf1~. LJ·

JD8in-tC. 751). 2. • {DQJJ) ®([!Jwrr®m ~®QJ~8iUJrrn- (Deacons) - w.

tyluUI = ~~ Q;6ir. "tylUUlWfTIJITa@J _._. tBfJrrL~ "(!J6lJ9".. 1892.

l1 .. JimfJ). ~~ . (w.).

(yJuLJ8l = 1. ~rT~ ~rn6UQJ~8;®8 GU'I7G6lJmrlll-UJ Qurr®~.

(M.M. 6lJrfJ;t G~fT~8jt616l5lC!!J~4V ti!lrT/J {D~Q)QI~8;

®rfJ Q8ifT@ii{!j{hGMfT{b 8iy5Jc!i;Cliuu(9Lb u(5).

1C:J~:ya}~ = ~<rn6VrnLD u{bp5}6lJ(!!Jw Q9fTW Qa:6iJGlJ (UJrr~u).

= 1. iJ (!!JLDa;@!) ~® (ljJ ff,i) u t.5J !D~~Q)G')1Ofr Girr.f!).l GJ 0: rrruQ)u QJJ!)Jmwu Qutdlrr Q{ljuJ'il/w. 2. GIFITWUQJ. U8i6U ,ff)ITq.c9iW.

e!::P ~ fiBJ UJ fiID L £h ~ (yJ LffiJ ~ r9i ~ L J; &1 !D IT G1r . (!!L. 6lJ .) . 3 . ~ c$ c!J) ffiJ

Qa;LL_ ae:rrLil::u{l51u Qumr. 4. ~®rDl.Im8# G'lc!FrToU.

e!jJuu6irr = 1.1iJbl) (~6lJii~ uLLUQUUJrT.

24

@6b3 (bllD6Dl'filDlD8; a;~rT)

6T 6iJ 6lJfT ELta rfl6lT ffiJ ai L@jW, @GlT61f)wu5ltb Q u ® WU rt ~ Lh iLL Q) Gh.Dt;;Q-mLDlLlfTu5J®u Ugu @UJruC:U. wrr!h{hrflm j,.{!)Jrolr I ~L6lI~~W Qu~@ GJLDQ)jJJJLwt5JUJrru5J~Lb, ®YJ66Ju U(6)J~iJru ~ urr§J»w ~(f!;rfI ait;J tt m G'J LDW61l LDUJfT f$(] 6lJ t61 ®~{h6iJ QifT rom- &.

U q €i1 GYT m LD t6l §JJJ Lb ~ tb p5J 6Tr 6'5) to t6J §W Lb 1!J_ L Lb Lf W

G'lLDVikTmwUJfT u5J([!juU{hfTfio, ~G'lTmLDOi o;®/J®6lf}~ mrnw~

8i®f,IJJ~ C:~fTW pSI {b.!J)J. QwcoirrtmUJ ~m{hlLJmLUJ G Oi(]a;{bflJ

fiiJJfTJDI UfiJJi){DUu@W. (F ~

(!PQJ - G)w;b = G'/wgp6lJrrQfT, "~L.bu6iJ GL.OOJ6lJmL ~UJ"(~r$W, 56),

GlW6U - Glw~~w = 1. Glw~6lf/J )2j6isT~. ZGlfiill~ 8iImro5i

QwrotrrmLDlLJe8 GCFtUUjW" (Q1fjfT6U. 1!J_ 2. QJ~u1J6ifrmLD.

"aWQJtba; (;)WQg6'6>LD U~&6lJ fJa;j,~~'{i;Gtr. 877). 3. QwwU G>fiU~i>.tf)l. "C:LDGlJ QLD~GrnLD e!jJ9; ~. 75). 4. ~~UJi). "GwQ)fil5}UJ {D6U6lJfT®6lr G1LD~m' 6UUJ-. 188). S. ;!>rrYJ~. "QI.DfIIIr(;),fT GQJWJw ._ .. @8iy;>rrrt"~~ ~Q)QJUJL. 3). 6. ~.!J)lmLD,

./II" ~'3LD. ~

1""\. _~. 1 1""'\ 0 • !l" ('1) • C"\ /"""\. • "

'-I~. . \D/ LD 4)lQI" &. l':/"f!D r!J). ~rr\.SJ fiM tt r$l;hl \D/ LDfiU6lJ !D(f!JLD.

(@)/D"" 1094). 2. ~fi6)LDj)UJ c$r$wrr c9i. "GLDoUru tOlJtBG1{D~

~6bilJL1I- QUfT([!jIAj;I" (4iDw.

&. QLDGUQ6lJQm. Gfh. G)~u

Gw6iJGJ6lJQTQ; = 1. (GfbfTGiJ. &tDL/. 5). 2 5JQT ~~"' WfT q," G) LD6lJruW = G).....,.&;11OlJ

(; ~"' ... ~ fifT (b ® p51 U LJ· "Q LD 6i> Q 6l) coiT €I £D LfJ- "

f[Jrrfp/JiJu aua:{b ®p5}UL/. "QWruQQ)6Vd; ®/D. 122). 3. WJh~8;®p5JiJLJ (@}Lrr.).

~dr~LlJUJ6isT.

~Q)6l51UJ ~mL. ~uu QJma; (LilffiJ.).

G) wi;,m rjj "G W6UW6lSl mrG wa, (yJar!fJJ u116isr o« uj " .l~"'''~.' 9:3). 2. gLmL (@!JLrr.).

G) wQ,Q)/ft. 1.,/lt!A~ ~ p5J UJ ~ rfJ ~ QJ m c$. "L6ll Q) 1D th 1h Q LD tiiJ ~il)ff7"

(i) nJ,

....__...."'. s; tt 6iJ = G LD ~ ,g; tt {b.!f)l. Q ~ Qr {D ru. "G) LD m 8i IT 6U kh GlJ GTT 6'5J UJ ~~IiJ~" (o;WUfJIT. 6lJ61fTWLJ®. 2).

GwmG¥fT6l> = 1. ~oofJUJ (j);grr6iJ (C6fTW~U. 668). 2. ~ro-urr~ Qe-rrw (w).

UrTQJrraarrr

25

QWWU6'6>ID = U!D6G)QJ8; ®<9ar. "G)L.lJArUmpJ ~~8i®IJ6i.>'" (e}r§J. 86). QwmufT6iJ = LD(!9;fD£ffi61Jw. "6)Jww.ar6J gJ®a;m8i ... GLD~UfT G[DfT .f!)JW" (ui/th· 75:8).

QLD~isTl5J~ = UJ.fl)J guu5J6iJ. "Lf)UJJjc!f,~§Ju QUfT@§I Qq;fT GLDGirrUJ~ UJG6Iy/' (u~{b. 50:21).

GJLD~4fJL_@ = ~8)u)Lf)rr{b{l5JC:6lJ uaJrw 4fJL@G"m8i GWar46Uw = 1. tBrt6)J6TT~~fT6iJ GW6U6'6JUJ LD(!§{D{tJ • ." w'iWLJfiO mruut5J 56rm-~rrL_®u QUfTC!!Jfb" (4{Dw. 42). 2.@~Q)fTfiiJ ~6JT G LD6lJ66JUJ G) {DuJ{l>QJ tff/Q)w. "G LD~ 4fiU8; Gl8irr6iJr,g;~ eJffiJ. 119).

QLDarQ{1JrrLrt = Gll.D6U6l51rn GwrilmUJ Ff!b~rPr!Jj8; Q8)rrmrL

G/9"fT6U. ~ ~ c!)

6lJ6irQflJffLff QW6irQj!JffLff (Q~rrtiil. ~d>t61 ~ ~

G'1LDwiuQ16'tf)8i = 46kr§1rf1u4' "&QJrT @jroJ QLDarwm~

GUlmfiTr -Jj~" (lLUa~<!Fa;rr. ~Q/661fJ~. 7 '![j

GlL1JGWlilrmL = QL1J~611rrGM t1i61J)L~ mmL UJWGMW UfJ{i;4i/ 66!",6YTUJrr@w" (i/6iJ. ~rTtuci. 5 ~ 2~G1srrnLb (t.5JrfiJ.).

G1w6iir6lSf]m", = !9Lrn- /D6'IfJ!D ~~O; (w).

G)LD~QLD6lJ = Gwru6U G)LDru wGW6lJ 6))}UJ66I r;;I!i/ (]urr!h,fJj/'

(Qu@rii1. QJ"~QJ. 17:99).

G)LDru-GLD6iJ~ G>LD6b@j~ru = ffJ/6lJfT ~~. "BifT~W G1Ll>'iTmLDJ;®~

~J;a;uLSi-- ~fT~t.h GLDGiJ • p51~ , (~ruu. 15: 138. ~®t.b.). 2. G[DrrtiJUJ

~rT~6u. "G)w6u51@ a; .u®!KJmru LJ®~®t1/' (~&w. 56). 3. j)ti1T @j~6iJ.

9·a~rr.

E. melt, become 0 meta (digest),

E. molten ( E. smelt (~~ etal from ore by melting).

MOu. or ~L~S elten.

E. malt mealt, as. malt, OHO. malz, ON~ malt. cog. w. melt.

oft by liquifying by heat; OE. meltan, mieltan, ON.

6iJ = 1. 8iL1l-61T ~ GUQJ,gp 6UJ QJJrfiJa; (!JJlfI-UJ tt ~ ILJO'tnrrm6lJ U dJI m r;r ~!JjJ Q LD ~ m WUJ rr 8; ®$O 6iJ. "G) L.D6lJ6l5) ~HilH.i __"'......,_-..,Lb" (gQJ&. 62). 2. Q)1LfT ~ .g;1.!I-~UJl G)~rr"'rnQ)uu@~~ib. · u(J;~w 6ToMmar G'1LDW jJ)J Q 8irraarlJl-®&$)65T{Drr6tr (IL.QJ.).

Q UJ GU 6l5J = Q Lf) fiu 6'6J UJ ~ 6tD L iu G u mr. "G LD "-> 6l5) f1j 6UQ) fT iTr

C:~fT,,",.C:a=ft" (~~~@).

<:~6l1. urr ~ 12 -- 2

26

G L1JQ)QS7 §JJ = 1. Q WfOisr61>LDUJrrw Gurr C!!JQr. "LDQ)rfI~W GJ LD6iJ6'6J ~ &fTl.DW" (®!!Jfiitr. 1289).2. fjfiiJ66IUJrrmgp. 3. iJtDJUJ8.

Q lJ)Q)6l514J1 - G wruo6ler. GJw.u.5J ~u Lb - Q wQ)..s/ CFIJ W. QLDroiJ~6lf)c!F = G'Jw/!Jl6llrrw fPma:.

GW6i>6lSJ61Oc!F QJ~6WLiJ = G)LD6i>G16tJ@~~ u5J@jJ1;~ Gla:titll.J GtOtTfTma:. "QwwU66Jme: 6116ifTmrw G'lLDQJG>fil)(!JJ~4Jl ~" (G;)~fT6U.

Gla:tiJ. 215). (f ~

GWQ)i6)UJ6lJ = 7. GW6i16D"1Ul1Urrgr ~UJQ)4. "Gw6b~ @jlJ)/w&f/rr" (@jJl)J!h. 89). 2. Qu61hsT. "GlwiiJ.oJUJ eott 8;A>~iW ~@ffiJi)QJTGtr" (SiWUlJrT. LDfTUJrre:61iT8i. 18). 3. ~6YTffiJQ8irr~~fT.).

GWQ)i6)UJrT = 1. Qli6)6D"IW uJJfiix;ufT {liQIrT. "C:~6&UJr'r" (8)WUfffT. '4.J;~. w!hiJuu. 32).2. LLQ) Ql1}6I51~~6lJ~ 3. or6'tf1UJQJrT. "fiT~CF/J ~~ G'1 LD6iJ661 UJ r;r IT 8i1" (/6rTQJUJ-. 299).. • .oJUJ (c!!JriW (yJQ)LUJQllt.

"LDL6lJIT Qw6iJ6l51UJtT Qq6iJ6t51~ ." • 06). S. QU~Tl.!I_tt (w).

Q LD6iJ66J UlQ)fTGfr = G ufiBT. "Q (;)611 rr(Jj1Lbu tt l1J--" (a ~6lJ fT.

284 : 8).

e;, wfiiiJro1UJdr = ~ tDJ 'V ~Girr tDJlt1fjl1fiM..

GWQ)Gil5Jarw = QLD6bQ(Jt)fT

GLD6UG>6lJ@~~ = GLD6iJfOc.ma~OL

{DLD~". (G)tpjfTviJ. !JJITw. 0). 0

Gw6iJGJQ)rr{iJ.!!)J = G;)~.",~ .. w Gww. "GWQ)QfiUfT{b.f!)J~ G>~fTLrt

QWfT!fiJ" (G)~fTQ). 9).

QLD6U6>lJm6JT - Q)J 65lQfT 8i6Tr.

6TdltDff6lr' Qww65/Q)66f(:UJ "UJ6irID~ (~®8;&6IflJi>g)JU. 17)

~.a!fJrr: ~

E. mello~~E. meta, melw, Gk. melakos, soft.

L. mollis{:So~olluscus, soft-bodied animal; mollusca, sub-kingdom of soft-

bodie · alS. F. mollusque, E. mollusc.

WTa~'_' ~..,~, make soft; F. mollifier, E. mollify. Rom. molliare, Of. mollier, ~"1~n,..~. oil .

........... / .... entle; OE. milde, OS. mildi, OHG. milt; ON. mildr; Goth. milds.

LD o;6tIJr = ~1;J~&w. "GWW8i6Br (D)u®liI QrT/DwG)u®®t.b"

({D A1wmsfl. 92).

Gwara;wnTl.D = GWvUfi61m GwtUe;w ({6w. 158. ILAlIJ).

.

u rrQJrrQIiIJTrr

27

'f}.G!DfT: Goth. mel, grind; malma, sand; ON. malmr, ore; E. maim, soft chalky rock; DE. mealm, cog. w. OS., OHG. melm, dust

E. meal, DE. mela, OS., OHG. melo, ON. mjol, cog. w. L. molere, grind E. mill, building fitted with machinery for grinding com.

OE. mylen, as. mulin, OHG. muJi(n) f. LL. molinum, L. mole, grind.

E. molar, grinder (mammal's back teeth serving to grind~aris (me1a,

millstone). ~~

E. mull (Sc.), snuffbox (bar. of mill), box originally haVi~nder.

E. muller, tool used for grinding powders etc. on slab. 0

ME. mol, mulour f. mul, grind. (f ~

E. mullock (Austral.), refuse from which gold h~~racted, f. dial. mull, dust, reI. to OE. mgl. dust, MDu. mul, mol. f~ot mul-, grind.

E. multure, toll of grain or flour paid to mille~

ME. or OF. milture f. med. L. molitura ~ e, grind.

GLDW - Qwm - G'lW61r6TT - Glw60 ." QrQT GQJ(!jJt6~rfl QUJWlD

(JUf'1;-QJU/' (i/ViiJ. iJ(!!Juurr. 6) !l

QW6'1r - G)wwG')WfJfr = (;lw Q!DuJ9;®Lt!; ~6isTmm GlUJ.f!)J

"Q LDdrGfJTWC:QJ Q LDfTWr!l;@j (!!jQJrr 5. 6: 24).

G'1LD61r-QLD6TrWW = fifilGmI7 !.D. GwfiirWLDfTtUU C:UfT (fL..Qt.).

Gl.Dru-Qwro1. QllJfi6J~ru = . @j~JD~iiJ. 2. ILLa, ~~fifT"~Qj.

'\~)J;m8)6mUJu Gurra; · Qo{b G)LD6l51~Qu{D 6TQr61DQJT" (iJ®QJfTlF.

6:10). 3. 616Yf1UJt;TfT1[J6U . QI(!§t!~{D6iJ "~6TTUt5JfiM"f!rr Qw6l5lgJtb

urrGtr" (8)fT i1 0;. LD -) 5. G)a;@1J6lJ - "Qw6611LJ ~Lb(YJLQsr C:wQ>

6'5Im~ UJrrarC:" 6lJfT. 318 : 10). 6. QJQ;G)filJ~;'~ j)6ZJTG>wQ,

Qfil)(gJ~~rr e; 6U. "®mlP~~ G;)QlWU.{6J <!!§61llPt&" GQJQfT

QLD66ItA~ t51 • " (LJ!Dw, 27, fLalr;r). 7. (yJt;T66Iii> (lIi(1~iJilJ) ~fTY;~ib.

"UJfTlPG • u5JL(!jJa»!D Qw661w" (g,QJu. 3:92).

G'tLJ)o6J~ ~ Wfr ~U1. "c:!JI.mJt61m!J> Gw6t5J61lI6iT" (4.G6lJ 11. GJUwRr urrtb· 5)(l~ u4· "GlwrolQ/ ~ffiJ" (o;WUl.Jrr. i1(!§QJIlI-. 5). 3. UIT@.

"~ffiJ 8;~6iJTLfTQT GLD6l516l/8)@J)~ GIFfTfii.x;6J" (Insc. Pudu. 799). 4.

!IU Lb.. C:~fT6U65J. "Q w66>G6lIW U ~ c!:pAlTrTi6C:~Qg" (&WU t;r fT •

. 187). 6. Gl8ifT@mw. "QJ6'OIUJQJrT Gwfi6l6l/ GllFtiJfJjfTW"

~._~ tt . QJrr661QJa>~. 80). 7. gLD(fJJ&~& iY;UULL_ fj)6lJ)~. 6ljw GLDfi6J6l/f@ 8LD9)J GWQ}filJfTW" (~Q)u. 3:93).

fi6I ~ {D 6U = Q IF ti.J UJ 6Tr i1 rfI LJ & 6tr c:fJ,JD '=JlI6lr I QJ 6iJ G1 it) C!:j) ~ 111 j)6MGLD.uQQ)@~1DfT & WfT J!)l ~Q) ~.u60 UJI LDfT!bIDi.Ju@~"'. (!66V. 155).

28

G;) w66J the: ~fT Qrr = 1. 6lJo6J UJtDfDQlroSr. 2. (J (DrrtU th~6lJ'iiiT· 3. OJal!J). Gw6l5JUL/ = 1. QlJ)roJ~~6U. QlJ)roJUJ# Glt!FtiJ~ru. 2. GLlJGUQQ)@/J~. "Ql6iJQ6lJ@:fh.tM LJ5]«!!jQJIf! G:JLDo6luG:'turr@ C:~fTw!D§WLi/' (GJ!fhrrQ). G>~fT6Glr!Jj .. 15).

UJfT

Qw6l51UJQJ6lrr = QJ6l51UJtD!D~m. "QlJ)~UJQJtT urr QQJfT(!J8;Cfj(yJW 6fil~uutA ~rrWJw" (a;wuf)rr. QJfT~QJ

GlLD6l5lUJfTrT = QJ66JUJ{b{lJQJrT. "Qw~UJfTFtaLD~ (lWCfj~' (®!Dw.

867). rP~

CD) w~K:CfjfT6iJ = Q r9irr@riiJeJe;rrib. "G wG61(3t9ifTGU ~~ Qff fT(t!J&"

(LJfDw. 71). 0

GlLDib - GlLD~ = 6TmL8; @jm/D6lJrrm (J;IT~~

GlLD~ - GlLD~8;@j = GlLDmmLD (w). ~

GWiJ».$@j - QUJ§JJJ8;~~QI = G'lWWalLD ~~a GlLDQ)8;(E9QJ.

GlLD~ -, GlLD~., fjl)-~. Gurr~d;i1rf1Lj. ~: <fHivrfilm(J; - O={hrfilm(J;.

(J;fil)LDULD - (J;{hLDULD. ~ ~

GlLD~ = 7. GlLDmmLD 2. G6l.l(J; , ~ Y. "",mLDiI (w.). 4. LD{iJ{hW. 5.

• •

1..D@r9i<f,w.

&a Gl LDffJI· QJ. W(!§.:fP.

(j .

9.C:/Drr: E. smooth. OE. smo----... e usu. smethe, whence dial. smeeth).

~ rr 8; W et iIfr ffJJ Lh {h uS] Ii; '" sn ak e et W 9)J G'J r!F ® LD tt WiV1 UJ

G'I LDfT ~ 8j61fJ fJJ IF 9)'7 (YJ AT uS Gl UJ rr@ fill tp r!iJ ®QJ!J)J c: U fT ArC: fD.

GLD~ G>QJ6ir~w CD) • t.b GlJlj>rfiJ®5Jar/D G)~~s;.

f6 t..6I y> 1(;)8 rr !b 9) 61fJ t;T 6lJ .f!)J u tJ) dr Ulm fJ lh t;T ~ fi(f) ~ ~ Al L #

Q8([!J@jQJ~ r!Fw{b UJwUC:u.

or-@ : ~(!P/!Jl( - ~W®r7J. wll/--wlfl-W®. u51i1-Lb®~.

Ge:6krmwu u5J1i; ~8if7(!j)~6l5Ju5I6b. thC!!J~ 6TQr~L.b <lFLDtD

5/(f!j1fj5 Q · w.!!)J G)w§ ~6ir~w Q~mGlCFrrru j)rflth~tOtrQT

~fTo;8; 8i~~UL..@W6TT!!J/.

QLDftjI GfW~6lJ = G'JUJ~QJfTu5J([!j~{Dfiu (w.).

GlLD SLj = GlLD~d;{hmmLD (W.).

Gl~ 8;@j = Go=rr.!J)J (W.). Gl~. GlLD~8;@j.

r-..- roD] ~~Ular GlLD~6lJfTu1JC!!J/J(DQ) a;fT~ ai.

ltD d;5J@~", = GLD~QJ/Tu5J(f!j~{l>6iJ.

G,) ~~ = QWW6S)w. GLDi/)/9)IJW = ~mr~UJ (JQJta)Q)uurrLLlI-6U QLD~QJrr8i cII'7"filIW qW~ ~'7Lb.

UITQJrrQUTrr

29

G)LD~8)fTJI (QLD~® + ~J1) = G)UJ®~@W ~(!§ lh(!§o5J. GUJ~6lImL = GLDfl)JQJrru1J@8>@W 1L@{h~ QJ6'6>L-

QW/!Jl - QLD~1JjJ - QLD/JQ~aT = QWOQlfT.$.

G)LD~Q~6JTQ, = 1. QW~651LJ)8;@jt61u4' "Qw~Q{h • a:UJ~ ,JJiJokr C:W<::filJtDI" (i)6iJ. i)@uufT.19). 2. .J)Ia>wi)£n.U· ~ &rrQJi; 1Drry;~§:Jci; ®tDlu4·

"(;)W~~~~ U:fT~~8; (;)&rrmr@ QI~QI~" (iJ(I!j~. 62 : 7).

4. LDti~,g; ~t61U4 (FF@. 1:10:11). &. G)w{lif/iG)QT, ((1 (\

Qw,iiGJ{hgrfil/ = 1. ~mLDffi~ @>AlWLh. 2. QJ6I)~c9)fT@8;®th

~WA>L.D. 3. 8;QJAl6lJu.J]W6*G>LD. 0

G'Ji.n/JQ~6"M6l/ - G'1l.D~~6J16lJ = 1. a;rrQ)j,{DfT.· • QJmQ)t6Iw~LD.

QLD~IbQT6Jf}tD /PIu5I§JJt6J&ffQJ (~®QJrrQ)QJrr.

G1wi>{lJ6W6lJ - QUl~{h"'J.b = 7. a;rr6U/J{D •• 2. 8)QJ~fiI)u.1lQr",LD.

Qurr(!!JL_U@"~rrAlLD. rR

Qwj,4JJ - G>LD/Jfi6)~ = QW/liIQJ ~8;m8j. "~® urrwmu

Gilw/JVi6>{hUJfT& 65JrfI,,~" (i/ .. G) "$P. 5:1:7). "a;filf1&1Jj.m-lJI-

C:l.1).!JY&~U C:urrL G>LD~fiG)~ GtfUATUrrrTc$~w" ({hfi4f1UUfT.)

2. Uc9lFfi5>65"tfr. 3. 4»u5JG6JL tr.). 4. O:L6f)'_ (UlffiJ.). S.

G6lJLmLUJrr(l;JC:QlfTrT C:1l)fT W ~a>6RT. "QJQ)~C:~rr6JflC:Q)

~I· 1 Q LDj)"'flitLf t.b" (i) • Q {6(6){6. 21, 6D1UJfT. u. 770).

UJ. Q~. G1w/J~. &. QLD/JG)~,

QLD~m~8i &1· '9 '" = ~6lDQRJT Uf}" LU5lUJ &1· I q w.

G>LD~m{/Jc!F QLmL - 8i ILQrfi6)QI/J~~ m,,/Jrp; lFLA>L.

Q LD ~ fiS) 1Jju u rr IiJ __ ....... -..-,im ~ c: LD Q> 6111 rf18;~ Lb U L@ i.J U rr tiJ . LD. G)wj,~i.J u rruS1.

QLD~(!!) - G

Gw®® = fT", U6iTUfiitTU4.

lD.Q~. &~ Q @®(g).

(;)w4iI&~ili ~ G/W(I!j&t;TW = G/w®@) C:QI~fJl)t61tb uUJwu@w

~fJQI e.G,).

Q - GJw®8irrJl = QW®®6lJmGfT G>UJw~Ih {DLLrrtT

@~Q) - Ufi1TU6TTU'_' IL6RrLJT8i~~wiJ (w.). @j&8iQ) = QW(!!>g,L tL~6lJr6J tfiQ) (C.E.M.).

G)w®®q &riJrmrrrwLf = &QlrfJ{b ~8rW ~UUl8 gfT!h~ (Jurr6VJD : .!JJ~J1UJ &mrmr'# c!Frr~4P.

30

G1w~ C:{DtiJi;~6iJ = Qw®&I@{Ij.o. GLD~ C:UIT@$66U = Qw(!§51@fhblJ.

QLD~ LDodlu = ~I' 1 (Tit QW(l!J6J@{D{b <t!J{D6l/W W6W6lIomo;. (j,)w@~ Ql6f)G'f( = GW(!!J5IL 1L~6lJLn ~I' I rrn- &([!J66IQJ G)LD@Q&~QtimuJ = 1. uGYTu61TuU1(ba;rro; wl7uu Gwtb U8FW ",mrG)QlfTuJ (WJ. 2. uSJfflJJ;Qo;~6'6lfT •

Gw(!§<:&rr@ = GWtD4{Dj,j,ltb U6JTU6TTU461rW fP

G>wQ,(c!i - Qw@@ = 1. Qw~~~6kT(i6)LJ). (~y;&rr .1.2. @<Off5)w c:!II"'QJ~ 8ifiYf1UU1l>LDrT6J1 LD®tA~· 3. ~1J8;®l) "G)w@c$"'" !!)/TIJIQ)Q)iJ G)uuJ~ urt!jQJfTtiJ.J, GfJJfiRrLD~" ~. 155). 4. ~6ll1ar

elTalSTw. "§JJWUJ GlW@(f!jLW" (if1(!!jw~. ~~:t6rnw.

QW(Ijlft§ QI!FIi.J~Q) = GlW4JlQlfT J;@j~6b. "4~6UJQ9irr @rflcf!,ilW1&

(j,)UJ@~ GlatlJifJ/" (cNlP&rrt!hQ). 10). ~

Q LD (!:P® fj 6iJ = 1. c: LD t;Jf/ t61 tb t!F ~ ar ~ 6iJ. " (!P &J fi1hrT c!p Q) su

GI LD(!jJ5IUJ CF rr !6if1Qsr" (&WU IJ tr. Gil. 53). 2, tEJ6U~61){D~

8 fT Vim" u5J L @ ~ .{JjJ u 4 [J 6l/ GJ c!F wUU' ar p51 @8i c: CJj IT u1J .[f)ffa 8iQr

G)LJ)(!::£l::t$~" (iJC!!JQJfTlF. 5:14). •• QS)~ wm!D~~u (JuUlm1@}fiQ).

G)w@~ - Qw@&(c(!) = 1. iF rra, QW@@)Gm8i, "46UrT6lJ;fJAr

(y)fi6r~fil)8i1L(h1 Gw@& " (a~QJrr. 727:3). 2. lFrT6JJTW.

"if1®QJ6U®W j,lC!!JGw@& "~L1I-'4ffiJ Gl8jfT~@" (QurflUJ4.

j,l(!!i!DfTrDl/8;. 68).3. ClLDtb #a;.u rT@f!rr. "G6lJrflu1Jw QLD@&8irrrt i>~

QL1)~J:j !EJQ)~.:f!»" (g . 9)? 4. ~t;T 8;@. 5. UJil<Oir.

LD. G LD(!j)&«!J.

QW@8;® - Qw = 8rrmT/J~rr6iJ Qw@51UJ @Ltb."LJ)Q}fJ~

GJI..lJ~8) C:wp5J" fi5Tu. 248).

QLD~®~/!Jl . Gw(!I'® Isti)m 4P~. 2. tBtr&Q;rrU4"§)J~· 3.

tEJQ)8;&rfl • • L C:urTlt~6lJ (Tarpaulin).

GLD@8;~~ 6U = (]w{bU.l6J@~fiiJ.

Gl w@fiJ (jJ:t6~= 1. ..rvr f£J we: wi\) Gl wC!:Jl(f!j u o;:t6.tJ. 2. <!F rr.-w uS! L._@

tfJQ)~ ~(il)~ i)~(J)fiBTmUJ/J 6U4'7Q{ G~IiJ~6iJ. 3. UlJI-A>LD

6lJ <!'p5)gr tt tb q,C!!Jci;&L._@~"'.

~ • o;'MIWLj = 8'llJ'riilfiJ{bfiJ@w e;6rflw4 W(!!j!6§JJQ/Q>0;.

® o;L_@~6b = Ulll-6mW fiillnlr 8;& G'lw@51mrrtb &@8;a;L._@{/J6U. ~ 8iLIJI- QJrrtt~~QJ = Gw@® t!Ii([!jro6l6iJ 1L(!§&5JfiJT LDrr6f)l/)8j(i(j)6TT (IL CQ)fT &riJ&A>w) QJ rr rt ~§JJ U U lJ1-6mW UJQ)LDj,~ib.

..

urrQJrrQIfTfT

31

Gw@(§ r9=fTAlfiAT = 1. G'lw(!¥lirr6iJ ~a>L~~ L6'a)Q"&6U. 2. G1LD<gJ~ <!Jj®LD6lSfr~ffiJ c$fiU/Ai6I Q~tiJ~ lFfT6&QfT& ~ (W.).

QLD@~ afTi;~~6iJ = u!JI-mw 6lJfTFT&& Gw@5JfJTrrtb &(!§&

#J/iJuff/DQT/T6ir "LOQi(§ lFfft6Jl <fh\®QJITQ)QJIT. 45:2). (;h.D@(§ €/Qf)filJ = QL.D(!:98;®~ {Pfinfl. G)W@@j C:a:n-~ = G)~ a;f>IflwLJ (W.). g QLD(!J'®:fi~""@ = Gw@®/J i}rfI (UJfT,p. ~8i). ((1 ~ Qw~~i}rfI = QW@@j i}rfI. ~

G)LJ)(!JJ(§~!JjI6Bf1 = GLJ)~8;@~ !fP6Bf1. Qw@® u$hw = &fTuJ5lFUULL_ GlWQiJ@5(3UfT6U i)[TW£@61J(!jw U/llw.

GW@@!J Um6lrU1W = ~wQ)LDC:~fTui ~'NgJ./ U.JfTtC· JJ/8i).

GLD~® UfT o;cOiJ = urr c$QJQl6I)8i ( GlLD@® UfT6TTW = QLD@~ ~c!Jj@.

Qw~ t..1fr.t.@j = dfr~QJfiI) ~J.

Glw@® !s:L88r =ut.q-mwC: ® bJ,U1GJUJ@&(t!>w ~ci&.

Gh.D@® Qurrwmw = 1. ~""'L""~ wrr[b G)lFtiJ~ Q)J~61TUJrrL@iJ UL1l-~LD. 2. Qt.DtlJQJ®j,~ •

& .. aWATDQurTl.bGlu ( .). o

G LD@® (] U fT (hi {l> 6iJ fJ U u fiifT LtiJ &L@jU U 6Tf U (jj'fT iJ(l u tb!D

GW(!J'6?f)&8i <!nfTuJ5 • --....... ....... ~6i> (W.J.

QLD(!:J!rt!>LD~ = QLD(gJ~ (YJL._~"-...::

Q LD@Q c$ ~·~~l§RjNL· = LD 17 u u arsr L r§J CJj L ® Q us (f!J 51 L IL ~ 6lJ W

Qwc!p® #Q~mrQ~tiJ (fi,).QJ.).

Gw@ G'Jw@_ o

TftC7»cnL(EJLb U6'a)CFWfiBT (W).

w@(:!) UfTQTW (fi,)LQJIJ)8;®).

~ '" = ~ 6Bf1 t6I Q) dII# ~ I1J- 8; 8j Q LD@8irr6iJ IL C!!J QJ .QJ.).

w~ Lb (ylff5r.!J)J fi,)~QJ rr681&~6ir, C!P[t,~UJ.:ffJJ filJ9J'7G l.D

· ® rifTr!h!J(!j)w. 'ett' i)f7om-@ yUIJr;J(yJw ~®w .

.' dbrrru-r9irTm-&rrlP (8)@6ri>w).

_.......... Lb c: {DfJ LfJ-UJ rr til y;>a;t;T LDrTGlJ /!)J QJJ~@. er -(E1: LDfTGlJ - LD06>!:p.

32

~, ~~t6A>8JUJ G)r!FfTtbp5Jrf1Q/8i6Yf)Q}~ -~6l>1 "lUI" I w<J;fJctQa:rrritJ j)/D{i~ULL G{ljiJf1ft)JLDfTW.

(Y)6i>4 (Qun~ ~ri")

GUfT®t&~tb s;®~i1Af}roir J!)J 9/J{Dffo, (yJL@$li6i>, C:CF"sfiQ,

wow $$liiiJ ~ c9iQJ:fJ:Ii iU ~ G'1 U fT (fJJ{lj6iJ C!:P{h"" UJ &([§~ ~ 8) "dJ

8i ®;, i1 afI AT ./!)J ~ ~ GTT 6UJ @{lJ fiiJ, W i1 j, ~ iU , (;) 0: ® 8; ® ~ fi61 UJ

&(!!J/JD&@!Jw; Go: rT {Dtb &®l>iJ6IfI w!!)J i1t;T@!;~6iJ, u QJ]rff)ioO,

u51®~6U, Gr!Fy5J~{b6U, ~1P8irr>fj.u (J:P~s6/UJ &([!J~ , 'I U(!§j,,,dJ

& (f!J;' i161fJ6tr J!)J Gwrr ~tjjLDrr ~6iJ, QJSJJ~{ljQ) (YJ~ q, /J§JJ&@jW;

q,QJ;,~tb &®"iJ~~.!J)J CJ;GlJ&e;W, LDUJ&8iW (lfJ~fi6JUJ t$@~§Pc$@jLb;

LDUJ8;8i8; 8i®iiiJgf1w!f)1 ~(!!JL..NJ, c$(!§A>W 0 9i®I>~&@!jtb

QJ u)I If} A> fj)) 9; e; ® ~ f!JJ en rotT tt a; U U1 !D 8; ~. JD1 ~ m 8)l c: LD tb

G;)o;rr.nr@w U/GlJ 516m,," 8; r$(!!J~4Ua;6rr C::~,....--.a!Ur-.

(y>Q)-(lp6iJmQ) = ®~~6"6)g, (UJfTy,u). QPw &rr(Jw = rt!J<$~6'tf)&J,

&fTIJW (UJfTlPL.J)· 0

9® QUfT(!!jW (!:fJ@QJ~{!jILfW <:!9pSi~~i1tb<:!9U UUJwU@~{h#

GJe:tiJ 411(;1 8irT61r@!JW fjU u t& ~Lb • trrfn•

(!pGUAlQ) - QWfT6Ua>61J = 1. c: ~{!j G'Je:wLDpSiUJrrL.-@Ji 8JLfT).

2. aW!J)C:QJfT~17 (@Y-fT. ILW ~

c;,UJfTQ)~Q)u5Jtb C:urr(bJ{h .~ wuu Qurr §JJtl (;)e:Q)~tb®8;

(D)c9ifT@/J~.u. ~

Glwrr.o - GWfTiJ1j. G'JU) G!JD ~ G)QJowQ) = rr-8;8i6Tr QLDfTtIJ~f!jdJ

®pfJu4·

Gl LDfT6U - G1 LDn-C:Q) ~_'__,.. ........ fTC: Q)fTG) r:r 6"M6lJ = ~ J!)J W cOiJT cm..L.LW tB tt

fj)LL/Jf;iU 4Jl6Tr • ~fi6]a; ®pSiu4·

9. C:{D fT .: JIIIJ· /J = a:thiJuL/.

(i)!i. u51.u6UfT JimCli, q:{hiJa;c$ : u5JQ) = a:[i,iJ ((yJ~~mfil)).

(yJ6v - L1) • - U LD (UJfTlPu). 2. QJGTTw. "wtD.!f)Jrngu LDfTLlJ6lJrflL..(6)"

Q~@JhiJ ~" (~~$. 268) 5. LD~Q)6ifr. "wruG)¥iUrr@ a;c§<F~~

!lJlc§ ~PJ LD~6lI~QffTar" (~Qj. QurfJUJi). 11:2:3). 6.

8j fT~ LDGiJ~ mrrtiJ eutreeatt 8Tt;f6mQfT G611rn £DITLlJ-JLJ an.;fj,gu.

~ ~.j, a; W ~ fJUGl).fbl tL.f!)J U Lf a;w ~ fJU Gl).fbl Q U tr (f!j wa; W IT ®{h~QJ 1DrT GiJ (~6iJT.f!)J CleF rTQJ {LfT 6iJ) ~ iJ L._~ ~6b€V f(J.1 U ®6m LD tL~Lrr®w. ?j).G{6rr: "C:CfC:t;f i)(JLUt" (Q;21fT6b. 1Lrfl. 65). u5J®~lUfT6U QJw(!pw u@~LDUJrrru QI""'~H.D'4Lb iL~L!T®Lb. ~®QJrt ~6uQ)$1

u rrQJrr 811'rr

33

(i)® UmLc$Qr G;)UfT(!§!6iJ ~"'Q)6 8D.L1I-u GJUfT(!§QJC:~ aU"". QUfT® (QUfT(!§!66) - C:urrtt. &Q) .. cfjQ)fTLh. 8jQJ8iW. Al8;8JQ.),fi16ib

et ~~tb 6lJy;>8;6I)&U.JW <l{6fT &®8J.

LDQJ-LDoUGlJ6U = 7. uf/«!JiJ. 2. QJ6'tTw. "w"''''''' QJ6fTC:6V" ( .

7). 3. Gc!F6\JQlw. "LDfiiJQ)tbC:~ WArflJ/8j'" (uffiun-. 11:121

"W6l>Q)dr LDLP65ImL uttti~rrtb@" (6/fitJu. 17, G8ifT@§ ( ~Lrr ). 6. ~ IJ)«§. "LDfibQ)!DIDQsr AfJ /DG,)W"-t616b" (lu(JfT).

W6U-LD6lf)Q). WAlQ))fj'" = 1. 91;~6lJ. "a;6D1Qf)8j LDfTLD 8; &LQ/Q)QT

LD~6l)UJ" (e;!6~LJ. @i76fTfJ6I®8i. 9).2. fiTiJrrj,{Ij ~ ..... ~ J. 3. Ufi6)8i~ftaI

LDfT jJ)JU@$lJ6U. "~c$WLD6lJ)QJ!6 Q~@${Ij _'L....6..... ., (S6lJ&. 747). 4.

GUfTfJfT@{D6iJ. "~/J-Jj LD~ffiJc$C:QT UJQ>WQJL6a.-.-.... tbf!51 LDmQ)tA~QJTrt"

(~®QJfTc!F. 4:53).

cIi. wGlQ). (:)

LD6"U)6lJiJ~6b = 1. uut .!!)Ju@~.u. "io • 'gpSJ LD6lf)fit)$6G~c!:ptA::6"tt"

(Lj.G'JQJ. 3:24). 2. G)urr(f!j~.v ~'C:r!/h{6a",rr@ ... l.DQS)6lJ/J~"'QlT QUJ6MU4JJ" (4flJw. 36).3. QJ • . "wQr6rTft LDm6lJ~~Q) aUfT~UJ ~6tJ)Q)i>{l>fTrr LDfTrtU" (LI!DW. 1 .

wmGlJ = 1. FFL.LW, Gc!Frr • (i/C!!Jc!:p([§@j. 263). 2. uS1f!!jiJ. 3. fOljw(!j)6irGlT Qurf1UJ ~L • . "QI uUlevw QlQTth~ 8J.m-a>LDUjW LD~Q)8;C:r!I;" (!6w. Qurr Uu. ). "l..DQ)Q)l6}ffJlW UlIT.,U Qurfli!Jl'

(®!DQr. 124). 4. C:urrfr· rr1fiJfiiJ. "LJ)AlQ)~~6fJ)QJ Q1t6~ Wfj6)/}"UJrrwlu

,g;~{p6'5J mL" (W6lJ)Q) ).

Ln. LDQ). s: LDG'l6lJ.

•• •

LD6lJ-W6lJ®. !DiU

• "( 1""\

WQif .!f)J 4·\D1 .•

QlFySI/J~ · . (~~<05> U

wQ)@j - l.J)' IT LDQJiUrr. U)6i>Q)rrii~oiJ = 1. W","/6f1jfTtbC:urr.u (yJlhW (lU)C::m~~ 51L/Jtpj6b. "~/}" &j,iJrofu W6UQ)fT &e;~ ~Gb-61ft" (iJ(!§LDt6. 199). ~ [b./!)JDaurrtfjGU (IJ....QJ.).

~ • &rr /J~ (UJ.G6i.). wf>lJ&rr /J~tfjGU = 1. Gl&rrLq.. (!Jltfj.-61u.J

~ uLJ)"oD1@)fJoU. 2. (!:P&W C:wQ)fT8& 5)L&&6 Qc!FiJ~QJ.

tt - W6UaJfTrT. w"'Q)rTn- $I)6\> = 1. u(T "~QJ . .D1rff(biU. 2. (!:P&W m-fT8;5/a-, ~L"$fJQ). 61Dai 8irrQf)fiI)u ur;ruUJ& G'J&/T"'@ LDQ)60rrrt/ho 5JL&51!DfTAT (IL.QJJ.

LD6U61JfTtT .. LD",,,,rrrfi = 1. U(1Ji~ Ufi4>!DQJ6I)& 2 . .M&Qg!Dl u(f!j~ffrr.

. ~i)8irfl;;~6iJ, u5J~ib. "LD6IITtfjJQ)fJ LDfiiJ~UJ . 2. tfjJGUl!D{I)6iJ. "iJa>gUJrr6l/ LD6U51ArC:tD (1607). 3. LD 6iJ 0; LD 61D!p (yJ 51 Q) IT Qff rr tiJ "

1

LDrT6"6TF§JG&LL LDQ)Q)rrrfl (IL.QJ.).

LDQJQ)rrrfl - wii.>6lJrfl = U6f>!DW66>& (gtiJ. ~q;.). l..f)Q)-wQ)GlJrrrfl = ~QSv6lf)L8;lJjrrrfl (W.).

WQ)Q)fTrT - LD61>JT. LD6UrT ~ib = 1. uS1®~Q). "QCf(gJLl)Q) GlW6U6lJ)Q)i616iJ" (gQJOi. 3079). 2. UfJ/J~6iJ. "Q5)QJUJ

Q{DrTySlfiiT(!j)65)flJ QUJrTy5/UJfT/J)/' (ui}tb. 88:1). 3. ~c!J,fi6] • . "wQ)'7~

j}!D!hf> QJrru5J6i/' (®¢J~UJu. 203). 4. GwrrL@ ~rf1 ~r;TawdJ

&fT!i{lJw wQ)[TfT9;8;rr6iJ" (!DfTQ.)~. 283). S. LDWW ~.nrL W'l..)fT@jQ) wfT~lrC:urrQ)'" (G'/urflUJ4. ~ • ml: 161). 6. ~Ir {hfoiJ. "gwL/m ~l7wirL/& - c!p8iLlJfil)1rrJt9:!!~{h" (iJ!(!!j8iG<T.rr.

363, Q<T.rr@!j). ~~

LDQ)tT,:5~'" = 1. QWfTL(j)I61l1rf1W# Qt!FIi.J~Q).. • !DO; 51LUUQJ~GW LDQ)Q)fT &a;g Q <FtU~rOiJ. 3. wtbG u tt rf16i> c: rr!fJ LlI-/i~fiiJ. 4. fiT L.DfT tb.!J)J

fDQ). S. QJrrffiJ~bU <!1iL6"5)~8i Gl&fTLrr· ~Q).

ey:>&W wQ)rT c: u rr 6ir fDGfDArU 4JI • we: esm 8i8iJ q, .i1 L~ 1hGlJ

G>wrrL@ G61 rf1 /h1h !6JQ)Q)fiI)lUIL/W U4flJ8; Ii} Lj,{lj.v W61JrT ~1D

J::L& ®Q))~{h {EJfiI)Q)(i6)U1fL1W ~u f!J/lb a;®~/l)J.

• •

LDiUfT - ~QJrr.

l..f)Q) - ~.oJ = ~&fiir.!J)J {ljl1l-Cb~I~1

(UJfTlPu.).

LD"'-LDQ)Q}Qr = 1. wtb(J tt iii GQJ ffroW. "LDf!J~Q1DfT(jj) W6UbUrT LD/DffiJlT.L!A{h" (L/.Q6lJ. 9:4). . ........ ~®mLDt61tb ~!Dthc:{hfTQr (UJrfiJ.).

.. · 0

LDiUQ)QJT - QI. WQ)Q).

• •

WQ)-LDQ)6J)Q) -

l..f)Q) - wQ>QJ W = 1. ,.t!J!JJ.Cl*iIT. !D. ~L..LI.b (~.&.!6J.). 2. SJaT mw( 1n:ffJJ U LJ )

(WfTV;. ~&.). 3. to • rrrT (w.). 4. QJWl5/R)LD. LDQJ6UW. QJ~ WQ)6U.

u(!!j"'w. "LDQ,6lDiVci Q~QJQJ QJLQwrry5/

• 8 9) 2 .". • ."

([!JQJrrUJ. : . . QJG1TLD. LDru61f)Q)U uJPm ~f!Jl

iJ®6l/6lJfT. 8).

l..f)Q)-1J) = 7. fi'iJ tb(yJ~. U ®/>{D6U. "(yJm61J wG61 {h.{fJJ" (LJ .(;)QJ.

77. GUeRr. . . uS1®~Q). "o;QS(JuGJurrmtD w.6JthD !Kl~tD a;{iJu8)u

1sJIiIG&!lW4:J (f/QJ&. 2541). 3. ufJ~· "lDalfil)wfiDl~ {hwfilflwrr IrL/W" (4.Q . 1. u..,.. 2). 4. roDJAl(f~. "iC w~~4P Glt!FQ)QJrrti/' (Lf·G)QJ1" ~~ . 5. G1!6(!§rkJ@~. (Q~"flo. G;)CFfT6U. 396, ZLrnr;"). 6. !ffImflJflJ6b. ~~tb !DfiDr C:e:ttuu" (16""'111-· 98). 7. 6'5Jfi6)Q) (DUJj,{DQ) (IL.GlJ.). 8. ~~g)t6IQsr w5lV;fDiiJ. "LD.oJ~SJl fJ:PL~li/' (Q~IT6iJ. QUfT@fitr.

. 9. Gg ®8;@j~Q>. "w5J V;~Qu jf)J wo6lth{lJw.[!)J LDfhgfJWJ uS'IQ)(J ow" (4tDw77). 10. Q<F([!J8;5Jq Ga=fToOS}lfbGiJ. "IL.[[,)JLf8i$P wfi6J/hfhW J!)J" (L/.QQJ10:4, Q&rr@!J).

.

UfT6UrrQRfTrr

35

LD ~ - LD i6} 6l/ = 1. u5J ® iJ· 2. rf;I a>!D 6lJ. "LDolfH)~Ta Q/Qr 6D1 w6'6l6l/ OJ)!J fh ~m-J!)J" (L/.G;)6lJ, 9 .. :27).3. tLUlrT6l/. "@w(yJUUfTiJJlw. LDfTW6l5l 6lJL(Jw LD{iJ!D QLD66JQQJrr@ 5LD~ LDfTC:LD" (@LfT. 12:10). 4. !6UJ~g)QJ. "LD6616lJ ®rn!DQJ~ Q)Jqrrrft/JiJ@QJIt". (~!Du. 5~. 83). S. • 661. "Wr£l6l/fiilf>L ILfww~~rrroisT" (urfJurr. 19: 88). 6. 4~ ._......._"'IlL_. LD~y>#~. "LDo616l/w 4Q)651a.,w" (Q{hfTGiJ. QQ=uJ. 185).

LD66J6lf - w6'6JL/ = uS1®iJ· "QJrTmLlLJf!)J LD66J4" (Lf·G w6l5J - wQ51rr. LD66JrT~Q) = 1. G)u®®~oiJ. "f}~ wr?~ 4)1 LD66IfJ" (!6tD·117). 2. [BIT (!jJr7J66/UJfi6T 9@@j{h6U. "UJw~ LD~§1tTC:urrQJ" (urfJufT.6 : 83), 3. Uu515J»{h6U, ~L!J-8;o;L!J- Q/®f?;;~u516ir w60rfl6ir

w~fr8>rrQJ" (wHurr. 8:54). ~ c!)

WGlJ - LDfTW = 1. Qu®mw. "UJ6rTWfT6iJ GfiJrn UJfTW" (i)([!j6lJfT 5.

34:3). 2. GlU(!!j~WtLf~LUJQJm-. "tomo • ~ fr~~ {6lwfD wrrfiiJ" (gtOll&. 286). 3. QlGlTQ)W (dI/&. {fl). 4. ~{~Ch{€lJ.

wrr6iJ - LDfTW - LDrr~65)& = 1. ~~6TT G'lu®68(fj1 (UJriiJJ. " LD ~ fD UJ 6lJ IT 8i @j LDfT 6lf1 Gtf) c$ c9i 6tr ~ QJ) LD~ {h rr IT" (G u rfI U14. c <»_rr J:GlIF ffiJ. 16). 2. dPllf .. ~~"'·Z( J?diJ.). 3. (]8>rruSifiiJ. "!!L/J{!jlf(]<!JiIT IF

UJffiJma; ..... LDrr,,",mBiUfTlJI- ~. 16:3).

LDrr61fJ~a; - fill. LDrr6Yf/8lrr.

us rr 61ft m a; <i 87 rr !6 f!jJ = {Ij 8i Q) ~ QJ.# CF th fb QT W. "@QJ,,"

~~rfJ:2if/6l# IFrrii@w wrr6'tfJ CFrr£h65>{h" (i/6iJ. iJ®uuQ). 8 661UJfT.) .

• () .1"1 • 1 - ~ • ••

Q) = WI®~Q) = . WI@j~QJ, u([!j{lj~QJ.

urfl~." (®!DQr. 124). 2. tfJm!D~GiJ. !D • . 1002). 3. {Dw{Drr~GiJ. "LDrrrdtu'-!b &rfl1hfTW !D~~6b. LDfTL._g,Q)LDUU@~GiJ.

• •

LD rr fitT - LD fT (iilflfT • LD rr

"LD~6lJu5I~w ion "uxresams UJ!DuLl' uUJw" (®!D6lr, 17 .

LfJrrmt- - WrT 1. Qu®mw (UJfTli'. ~9j.). 2. LDrrL~rnLD "@"''''QlQIr fl:FP.~u rr filST fT6lJ" (<§/DQr. 53). 3. !6ar A> LD (d)I([!j.t€J.) 4. dJJUp@)"rrt::tnFfl..........__{btDIbirrLlJfTmru{ljr;;1uc:{1J"(iJ<!!J&(J&rr.32 3).

wrrmr-UJ = 1. LD8i~H..D (LD5Jmw). "fiT~filHWrrL._UJ~ ~rr~UJ&

8i 6?ilrr ~ " !D Qr. 750). 2. (D) {lj6lf16l/ . 6'5J 6fT .9; a; Li:J "e!j)QJG fiJJ rr a> QJ

· • 0 • • /'1)0 ." (/""'\..0 I'i"\ • • 56) 3

LDfT L 8ifT LL mQJ{lj\.JI{ljw \01 U IIIUl 4· {lj\.!J'1D{ljrrL. .. ~ y;>~

" Lf9iY>~f!j LDfTLg,Uj ... LJI;T.uJ" (Qu@WUfTGRr. 487). 4.

~6t:iq f7L/rf)m6lJ G'1~rflUJrr LDrrL_~UJ" (G{ljrr6iJ. WIJLI 94).

~ = LDfTL5JomLD = LDa;mLD~ ~~W. "LDfTL~QJ)LDUJ(i4)LGUJfT!r ''UI~~rr@c9;@Lb LDI7L/(!UfT6lJ" (UJi1Ju. 76:23, fLfifDfJ)'

UJrrmr - wrrLifJalLD. "WfTGI~y51Q; ._ G{ljfTWfTli./' (a;G61~. 20:15). totr fiitrT - WfT'iWW = 7. LDfT L_g] QS)W. (cM&/J.)

36

LDfT.w - WrrAJ1Q) = 1. WrrL~66)LD. 2. f6ArQS)w (~®. tEJJ.

WfTfiDTW - LDfTLW = 1. 6lJrrfi6T6JrfTG'5IUJ udrafJ6lJ)Q) wrr61flm&. "LDe9&G~"1iJ WfT' IOAaf/ f!_i>~[Jaa;fT IF wdiJ65lt!Jj" (i)(!!J611fT s: 76:4). "'6T<!:pt6/Q)Q) LDfTl 10 &fT6barTluIA §Jj&(t!/' (~.f!)Jtf,. 54). 2. (Ju> • • ~tb

8iLLf-Ul G) u (!§fiJG 8) fT t61 fJiJ. "tOT ~c: i..rr gf 0: tb G)

G>w@u§JJ Q.g:tiJ§JJ" (i}QJ. QurfllLJiJ· 5:6:8). 3. aLD~~

to. WfTLW. &. usru: Q,s. WfT@@j{g). 0 tom 10 - WfTLfI- = (Jl.ClAflal6UIl./GTrGtT 6l1(£J. ~1P(£J8;~ (lL6lJ.). LDfT6Yr - WIT fimy> = 1. C:l.DQf}61)Q)ILI6ir6lT QJ (j)J. OJ lP@8;~ ust UJ- (IL.QJ.).

LDrrm - LDrT6O'>y> = 1. iJI}"LB=J (LilffiJ.). 2. • c$LlJI-. "8)QJT8;

LDffAly;nufTQ)" (gQj8i. 913). 3. LDfT{l>rT 8D.LL • . {6J.).

wi\> - wAr, LD.v~~6i> = (QIF.~.i6I.). 1.~®!h~1DQ), "LJ)~arrr Qo:rr~wLD" (L/.G,)QJ. 10:11). 2 uSJ(t!J{h • . ~6lSfJU1 C:QJ56!6 :9i([!Jw" (~.g:rrlJ8;. 96). 3. ~ffiJ®~fii>. "LMaI ~. tDJrn- LDrn-~1LJ ®1P~" (UfT 8iQJ{lJ. 1. u rf1 L._O:~!!JI 6'6<WG!f)rr. 1 Q)Q u.!J)J ~6iJ. "war6M'rT &@j wQr~~'" G>s:tiJ(]8jrrw~lIJ" ( fltr!J5. 5,1L!f)J~UJrniJ tEJtb!DQ) (W).

((;16. ~&ir!lJrr Q}/') .4JI@/J~QJ ( 9.G/Drr.: L. manere, stay. L. re

UJW (j)6tf>L) = 1. u5kt!)i/8i® • i'ltDJaUJfTW Qu{!5JfifT ~ ~ flJ!A~roir .f!)J

LDWC:"''' (4!Dw. 75). 2. '(!!>WUfTwGmW8J @p51UL/. "8jq~U

u)}®wG5!;r, QJrr~05I LD· w'O( .. 165). 3. {ffiOWilJGu{bJ!)l91 ®p5]uLj.

"w<DiTGar _ .. tfJA>6tJC:u • " ({6vir. 432).

9.C:~": OE. manl, . manag, Goth. manag~ E. many. g = y.

tDQsr - wfiifrT.!J)J = 1. . ~t.buQ)w. 2. ~6iJmQ)u Glurrw61fTwuQ)w.

"G~tD16UA>6tJ ~ QTfTl1I-65)QfT C:ulTtbtDJ" (iJ(!!JQJIT8. 4 : 92). 3.

eMtDrfiJ t!m.[06m. (E)wQr tOJiiJ QlfifT~au-@" (c!1iwut;Trr. e!:jJ6UUfitJ. 145).

4. c::t£ oiT •. " LD w!D tt I.JI- G> a: IT Q) Q) " (6j) (f!J fill tr fit) QJ IT. 52 : 5.

~'-9-~~~ S. ~fiifrTG)~rr@. "~~c9>QVw ... L1J~i)Jf)fQ6)fJ 4@j~fJ" (@!J!D>~~ . 6. LDI;J i>~L1I-~ iJroBr66)61f61U Qurr ~fifill Lb. "ww.f1)lW

G/UfT CtJ (~CFQJrr. 34), 7. w8;c9>rofr an..@L.b ~rr{iJ9!hi). "wQsrp51(:blJ

16 AT 61D UJ QJ L1I- QJ y> 61) c!1i <!PtD Jr)IT L._ L rr 8i ~ ~ u fifiI U Ul8i ®

I.LJIIIiIRlUl'OOl,...__'@.3:6:3)8.LD(iilJfW."WWtDQ)tTQI.f@[6§JJ6TTQ/'(IJiWUfJfT.

'1'l...VH:!D.tI. 24) .

.. ~ rr@ C:~rTtA1h {hfT(!§W LDAfTW GJU.f!)Jw" 6T~U{h[bar!Jjtbu.

QQTJDw WtORTW ~{hG)QSTrr@ a/Ftt!6~ ~QrG>6MrrwtDJtb 8i6tJ::5~GUfT6iJJ LDAlTLD w6krQ[06JTUULL6.

UfTQJfT~JT

37

wQu !!)Ju®r!iflv = ~Lbu6lJ~iJtb® QJ®~6iJ. QQJ61fIuu(l)J~6iJ. "8irrw LOAl/Dl6J[DtJj,ff)/ LD6lrr.f!)l U([;JW" (®/DQr. 1138).

t..OOrr!J)J - t..OOrr/Dw = 1. ~~UJth (UlffiJ.). 2. ~!Dtiu8npJ~6lIUJLb. "~{lJar6'film wWtDii g,16iraGTfrTft" (i'(!!j66lQi)~. tomoartrs: 35). 3. QUfT~6'5TwuQ) cYJ 6Tr tOfT ~ 6U6tD6lJ (t5J ffiJ.). 4. w(J ~ {!jIll-v G) u rr 6 6l1J Lill. " Lb

GUfTiJu5J~t.b" (iJ®CYJ@®' 226). S. @9iJm'78i6lfl6TT· U .!J)Jw

Q e:6iJr@QQJ6'IfJ. "C:u rf1 rna: {yJ/f)/T fr w6isr JDffiJ 8i~" Lh. 220,

fL6ff)fJ}. 6. C:urrlrJ;a;Qru ut;JuUl6tr !6@61l1, lh. "GlF<9& · 8; a;rrwmL

~([§i) wQg!D~/Pl" (ufBtb· 3S : 8). 7. W8;c$6Yr &. LD QJ61fltDJL.w.

"LD6lrr{DW Clurr(!J>w LD~lL/Q)L G~®tJjC:$DIr" (@) • 01). 8. ~Qr

QrfljfT@. "Ljm-{DalQJ wrn{lJw" (®!!)J{h. 64). 9. ~~~ ~@u5JLt.b.

&lftiJU#J& c$@dJC:utiJ&6II6fr6JQ&ff6lJ6r 1J!_ ... "7-. ... , <, ~ j)

WffQJW'; Qu@(!j6J6TJ6¥f 6lJff6TJ<$ w6ir/D(!/JUJ LD. 6:82-3)

10. U/DAlQJ8;Qr an..@u5JLW. "L/w61flm LD G)6lI6tr61floU wwtD

(!JJW" (LD~C:LD. 6 : 85). 11. LD8;8)Qr ~®&@Lh 68@. "6lJi'tLf<9 ~Q) warJDGw" (~[T~. !98ifJu. l:!1z_~!9@~G){!j® (@jLfT). 13.

C:~rrfiirUJ&Qr an.(E)uSJLLD. ~

&LQ1Q) a~ff6irt.5le; Qfi1TITIq.lLJ ~£Wff@ 1MIJL_11LfIJ1~1.iJ QJ6ir6l1flw ~ (lDfiIDflCID. 6:66-7)

14. LDfiIJT Lb (UJ diJ.).

'dPlW' 9@ G)u®mwu · UJGlrrGl6rTfTL...Lrr~6UfTQ}, LD~!DW

fiTWU~ ~Q)8;&6m" Q t61u Gu®wQr6lJ)!Dt!l; ®{15Ja;®w.

(;

w ~./!)J - LD 6irT !D 8) Lb W U 6U Lb. " LlHjU!D &/> c: 1'6 !6 W t.5I LD tr L

QLJ)@i>{lJ~" (iJ® .. ).

w6iT.!J)J - wWtD· - . WJy;>~ i1®LDfilr6TW. 2. ~®UfTtb en_LLW. "w6I>!DGUJrrfr a wQrtD (;)Q),' I ~6ir" (Q~rrGiJ. ,fJ;irf6l/. I), 3. L/own- ~UJ. "to -:"it'!. rMV!:'irT' WfTwtDI6iJ" (~6lJ8i. 2171). 4. Gl!6®thQ~(!§. "LDAr,,_u

6lI([!j<f!Jaq,. {Drr. ®!D. 73:2). LD6'6JTW (UJdiJ.J.

L.Dm./!)J-~~ 1. ~W8iaJTW. 2. ~arG~rr@. 3. OT@(ilf)wt61mr;r. 4. tBQ)lDQ)~~ QltT ~t6l@ULf·

er -@: • ~J;8i6iJ LD~.{/)l (Ootacamund).

~(!§mLDt61Q)r;r C:UJfTwuC:Q) U/Qf)y>uYQJyS/UJrr ~6lJfT6U. u5J (f!jU 4 w[t,f!JJ et G"M U U LL.f!JI. ~ L(b1U u L_Lq-8;@W U ULliJ-8i@J1W ~®th:!h ~!T8iW. ULUJ-QUJWG/D GJuUJrr.!!)J {l5l C!!>d;~Al6U C:{DrT 8;@j8i.

~ f) QU®ffiJ8i6U ~®t6~ LD{h~ f?tDm[lJ8;&6U wtAf/JI 6TarUu,· I 4JJ. G;)~i)JJfiJ® ~rrL_l1I-6b 9® u®i' 9® ~ !6rr@ J}/Q,Q).IJjJ tjpfJrrliJ8iQJ (Warangal) J6fT@ (iTATU (;)UUJrt Qutbp51(!!n5~& &rrfilllTe;.

38

~ffiJ~QJrT (Jj)~Qr(yJ~QJ tBGULD6W)Q)t6/Q) ~",L~~ @LLD 9{bmpJ& cnoU LDj6g». ~~QTfT.u ~~ UJpJULjU Gu(b{D§JI. ~~Qsr QUUJrfloir' ~ffiJ~Q) 6lJLq-6'6>6lJ GJUJrrLLfI-. 1L1b8iLD6HrL61JW 6T6krfJ)JW G> UUJa>fJ ~mwiJ ~t.b G)8ifTmrLaTlT QJLGlwrry51 G'lQJpftUJ·. ~Gtr

• •• •

LDe[!)IL6lJfT6V L{!Jfi6>8i ()ffi6TU{D!D(t!J~ ~~~,-!)fl{DfT Oi, 9fD .f!)J

6lJ lJ)r6J®QJC: ffh tDu5J ~G)!5{l5J c$ C:8iJiitv:!bfT Lb.

LDth~ - LD!6Ql~ = 1. &fT6U/6(6)L& 8n.LLW. ~@Lf) LDJh6'6)~UJrrti.J (lwt.iJ51ar!DfilH (!!L.6lJ.). 2. tillrf16kr (;furr _""L&J~#5~Lt.b, LD~rn~G6lJ6lfJ (IL.QJ.). 3. tilIrf1~LU Gurr ~ QI'::"t.I'K:WT' Lb. 4. ~(j;1 LDfT@ C:wuJJ;@jW (t!JQ)~tjj"®6tr 9® 1.5Jrf16>Ju Quwfr.

Gl~. l.f)ff,:2)I. CT.. LDff,Gl~. ~ 0

if) 10M - us 6lJ) 6fT = 7. U Q)rT 8n.Lq- eM Q) 6lJ 4JI ~~ QJ iJ H.f t.b v;8 ®.

"fiJ r'rGCT.@ Q/61TLDfmaT {i)fm61T />:2)1" (fiJQ/CT. ~. 2. 61f ® CT.L_®~tDCT.rf1UJ

GJQJ .f!)Jt6JiUW. 9® LJ)6'lD6IT 2400 IF /IJl 'l ~ .). 3. ~6iJ 5J» W ug, iJ» liJ

03 Ll1I-olJ QJiJlLJw LJ)6W)fi5Tfi5I. "UJ!DfiiT L.D ~fT q,8;fT ~ a ufJ fTmrfiID to"

(®/Dfitr. 148). 4. 6lfL._~fh QJjJlLfw Lb. 5. {6I!D6l/a.® 6TjlfJrrm

@6iJ6lJfTlP8;6"f)a;. "LDm6V"~8; · LfQf)LILJ6'lTrr5J" (~!D6tr. 51).

6. @;tp)rr'· '9 tb~ .dNQ)Q)tp @j QJAlf;TlLlw c:!PI6lJ)!D.

L/). use: &. t..JJGIQfT.

9.(J/DfT: E. manor, f. ME. f. er, OF. manoir, f.L. manere, remain.

E. manse, f. ME. f. med. L. 1IHll1lSU&. house (manere, mans, remain).

E. mansion, large reside . f. OF. f. L. mansioDen, f. mansus, f.

maDere, mans, remain.

LD6I)61fT -WA>QJToa = . ~ ..... ,fiJ1uJ1 ~()6){DUJ W QJ". lP8im8i~ !p maJT6l11.

"jJwu wC!!>!f,ij) mQT~ G'tlUfT;'OW" (gQJ8J.189S). 2. (y)olJalQ.)

UJ(f!)~ t6JQ)ffiJ& iUG5I (ij)QJ tr). 3. LDfif)fiIlT IL/6"6'ILUJfTm. "Ml.!P"" rfI

LDQj)6f16lYJ" ( OJ". ~QJ6iJIJ~. 215).

_--WCiaOl· ¢Jt;rw - LDt5ij)UW = 1 . .R@."Wt6ij)"IhUQJ&LJ6!P '-lU' ... N· ~@. 138). 2. ~(JfiWLDQf)fi6T (UlffilJ. 3. G~tt Ge;rru.lJru

(UlffiJ.).$ ~QT6 wtAiJ 'l1>6" (&!i~LJ· &fTLDIJj8ifilSr. 67). 4.

LiD 'LDfTQu w~ &wlPGle;fTl1/- w/ijJ 17ff,GtfifT If)/Lb" (UfffJ {D. ).5. wQvLUW. 6. @Q)c!Jj. "~rftLD~ij)(Jtb 4®!h~rr 6Urr6J>6fT ~~r~.8L&.1·' (tlij)(D')QJSJr. 2). 7.@>ilmlJC#c!FfT6lf)QJ(UlriJ.)8.@jij)mr;rJi ..... ~~~,..., (@;Lrr.).

'ltD - QJ. wtiij)l7·

W diW 6L6lDlDfi8L/JA>{h'4W ~rflLDfT,$ (!,A>&mUJlLJw ®ij)(;f)fJ8; 6.L~6I)~II.JW @JDJ&®W w!Aij)"w 6T.tr~W G,)8fT6lJ fi>wG/D. G'>lFWAlA1U UQJa;6IDa>8;&&p& ~&"(!:fJ{ljfi6l, ~~QJ)IJ a IFrrmQJ61)UJ&

UfTQJIT6RTIT

39

® p5l 8; ~ t.b LD!6 ~ r;r tb fir Qrr ~ t.b G) 6" IT 6i.> tm Q) c: QJ G !D QJr LD UJ ffiJ liJ u OJ rfl tt ~ 8; an.pfI UJ fbi 6lJ@QI/T(t!!)tb. LD a; 8i 6tr U@8; 6lf) 8i, m1 Q) rfiJ Ii1 roir u([;l&04)8i1 UJDQJ)QJ8; an.@ ~5JUJ &JWQDtDlLlw, C:U8;04)a; (;)UJ~~t.b ~ar;r GlO:fT~ QUIT ~6lJrr 8i& ~p5l~~6iJ Oirrmr &.

~y>ruJa>(iJT6*5>UJ& ~p5lJ;®tiJ tDtA~(]t.b 6T4iir~W Qa=fTQJ ~mUJuUJ6iJ ffl/Ji)®UUJ~W. ~{lJ~ (!JJflJ~6Gl 6Tmf!JJW G)a=rrQ, (!par w;rWU{DGirr ~rfJu IT ®W. (!:PW~ »U =

@!J1P1hfiiiJ. ww + ~[Jlh - wfiV{!5IfJw - w!6ilr;ri.b - · ~fF. war =

UJtA~ f}" w. (UJ ffiJ.) @f9l (yJ{DQ{-J fimfiU;' G~"y5J (bG U ~fT y5JfiUfT@j

G)UUJ®UJfT~tb.

wtiikr(QuJ = 1. QU(!!jfi6>w. (UJrrlP. ~8j.) Ul~6lST!Ta;Qr" (&th~4' @}r;r. @'7~LfT. 4 8i~QI~ "WtiuQ)8; ILJw{DQrr LDW6lJTGir" (

wm -wQrS1Q1W = 1. ~'7 8=Qrr. "(yJ6m{DG't. rruurr!bJ!)J wQsrQTQJW"

(~!D6Tr. 388). 2. Q)1~~fiU,g; c: LDfT6lf)Q} QQJ6liJT@j6GlL

wQrQTQJQr G"hrruJI5J)Jw" (~Q)u. 5 : .

I..DfiN .!J)J~iif = 1. u5)@jflj.u. 2. IL ~.u. 3. Gl~QJfT ~QJ.

wWflJ (!61.s;rr.6UJ.fiT.) = 1. uS1&. ' f 6lJ6l/~tt QJ(f!Jj,~L" (8i{6{D4.

C:~QJ. C:urrtb. 6). 2. (J{D{b!DLDrr " f01g.!!)J @6irC:!lJrrrt 8;~!6 C:{ljrr~ J!)J

w6iT{D" (4{Dw.114). "WATJD w6'51 C:~tiJ!D~ QlFtUILIU/' (G~fT6b.

",6'6>L. 17). 3. G>~61fIQJrr&. ' G{DfTrt LDwfD!E16iT UA>8)QJIT" (4!Dw.

26).

WtOJT

LDWJ!)J;?jQJ2 = ~QvL ............... 1II.·:f''''' "~L9-Qo;L LDATp51 68L6b" (ulJ).

288). @~ ~!DLDroisT'lJrau.

LD iir - WIT ar. WIT = 91>~6iJ. "LDQ1 ATit c: IF Al61T6'I)UJ WIT f!DJ

LDWC:/D" (8iWU • J!)J. 14).

LDrrw - LDrrQT Q) (lLQ.Jfi5>LD lLI(4).

Q]}6I) • tUlLI@ lir6irpJ /D"Qr(J&

~ .0 c1JPl6J& lJ)fffiIT IiJ/DUu • '6IT 'fOY'!5 1661J&1LJ C/DIf&Q&n(f)

~@tiJ 6D}m66Tuun tplQ/UJw (Q~'ffh. ILQJLD. 12>

~9U4 (U/riiJ.).

rr - LDfT6JTW = 1. 9U4A>LD. "uxre« t.D]ftiJsYUJrt w6lSIf1QJ6ftT6ATwiT"

lb. 2747). 2. ~"'6l/. 3. ULLOITW uL9-u5/6b ~Q)fJUUtq..&~6 6tD.!J).J uSleti~ (!JJ&"'~~6lf (~wJd.tr QJ!J)8;~). 4. ~6iJQJ""fa/ 8i(!§Qi1. S. ILfiI)t;TaJ"~ (i)(!!JJi(]&rr. 335, ILAlt;T). 6. &AIftULJ. (§1JLDrrQSTw. 7.

40

~6fT~QJ8; 8n.!f,)J. @®LDfTSTI.b. (yJWWfTfiSTW. 8. LD~U4. a;~~UJw. "~Qga!Dr$rrmr tott er (!j)A>LUJrrrr wiJu4" ({6fT6lJLq-. 294). 9. GU([!j6UlLD "L/lh@ LDfTiW(!P (;JLD(GJI>~QJtb 4.!J)J/J~S2JLn" (Q~fT"' . .dJIs;/J. 41). 10. 6lJ66Jmw (~L".) 11. {lJ6irTLlJiJuL/. "@GtfJ6lJrf/Gir

QlrrVJfTfJLDfTfiSr (!pQf)LUJfTfr (®!D.rr, 970). "LDflJ/JiJ~L C:wtb

GJ&fT6W@" (Lj.G)6lJ. 5:6).12. t$tDLJ.13. !s:J,Lm&. QJ8UJ6lTw. " aU)

Gs:uiGruQQfT6f1 WrTfirTc9 C;~UFUJij/' (j)'7fTwrr. ~aUJrr /J. 1. L/GUmJ.

"WfTfiIlT wffilm8)UJtT QJrTLL(Y)W" (gQl&. 2382). 1~ d;(lc9iL

@6'WtTJ§1. "iLt6Jtt!Buurr LDfTWW QJrfJw." (®/D • ~ "LDfTmJi ~a>61J6lJ®QJ G'J~tiJu(]611rr" ({6fTiUl1I-. 198). 16. G 9i. "QJ~U16'(i)UJ

WL_5J(l6lJ Q61JT6irr~ WITQf1(yJu:/' (lJiwur;rrr. cfFLJT U5JrttC. 145). 17.

GlufT(l!JmmfOlj OT-@ : QJ®LDfT65TW. 0

(@0UlL.) 1. ~QT6lJ ®t&~§JJQJ®t1J Q~" g. g-@ : Qu.!J)J

WfT6J'fw. 2. tElfitni'U <t!J[!51/J~QI(!!Jw G~rr "JOl. fiT-@ : IJiL@

Urr6UfT6alJTIT

41

6lJ!J)&®. fiTLbLDfT~~'7Lh 6TGMUfDJ 6Twwrriif[jw 6TW!f)J iJm~!fi~w 61T4JJ.

LDrr-LDfT/J~t;fW = 1. ~,,"roq. 2. LDL@Lh. 6lJfTGU LDfT~i)fJtiJ 6ll)iUm6U (IL.QJ.). 3. ~6lff}Q)LD (CFffiJ. ~a;).

LDL_@W, ~afJmLD 6767rrWlW j}® QUrTQ9L..®W dMl.!/-u 6T6V~t.b Gurr®C:<OYT.

QlF~65)6tfT i.J U~8irnQ)8;8iifJ8i {DW/ y>8ifJ (yJ~f061 ~6'fl • ~(l51 J;®w

LDrr~@f7w OT~~W Q~fT6U6mQ) (gQJ!Drra;u t5Jrf]~ ci; pSI'46TrG1T~.

9·a{!jrr: LDL.@ = ~~Glf; LDL.@Lb = LDrr.Jii)~~/',~LDUJrrtiJ.

LDrr.Jii)~w - QI. UJfTii~· ~

wrriii)~.Jifh1'" = ~~~"', P I aw, ~6"6)~L.. LD".Jii)~.Jii)tiJ

Glo;rr@.Ji~G61L.L..rrm (IL.QI.). 0

WfT~~fJt.b - wrr/JiJfi6)f7 = 1. dPlw~. "LDn; u51~{l51 [!jL8;®<::W6iJ"

(!6fT61Jl1I-. 242). 2. Q/DfTl1J-uGUIT@ ~GlT6lf. "c$mrr~mLD

QmrrL!J-QUJw dJ/6iJ(]QJ LDrr/Jf;!m' rr6lJ. ~@/J~. 6). ''c9=&

ryJw J!)JQwrrrt wlTiii)ml7 u .. ell GLDffil8iw 8)~~<ilImrrrT"

(i/®~tb· 25). 3. Qs:tUlLfm ~~ ~~.fl)J (fiT@~Q{hrr661

UJ t;;U 6l/ ) . " LD fT ,jJ i) 6lf) '7 Q UJ ~ 6"6) r!F 6lJ m 8i fir W rr ~ .....

~rura6J fii(f)iF U LfQ)6lJ fr Q c!F uJ UJ U 67U ..... Vi1J ®l>fflI 6IDfJ i> ~67U(] tt"

(G)~fT6U. G)qtiJ.l). 4. fY® uxt ~ QUJrr615JJi@jffil @jtbQflJ@ii~ (UJrry>. ~CIjJ. S. 8jfT6lJ 6'5Jmr;T6l/ (ffiJ.). 8)# 8iC!99,a;LDrrW j}LW "~Q)fJ

LDrr/J~mf}" t6}Q)LffiJ® ~61lfT. 970 : 7). 7. ~wQlrr8J# G'lc!FtUUJu

u@LiJ LD@t6,guc9i ® dH(!9·@.J 8. (!:J>fJfJU (j}a>CF58TfJU) U@ji)

(i/Qlrr.) 9. r!JjfT~ me; "Qc!FwQurr~ LDfT~i:J"'f7 Qa=rfi)UJ

&rri}filrrT" (Qu@ffiJ. . 17 : 157).

LD" /J ~ m fJ J; c: Qj • dJl61T 6lf G a; rr ru . " UJ tt r!t r$ it til Q)J y> G1 (OJ) pSI JA ~

LD"t.~mfJd;a rrJi®C:L.D" ({DfiuruySJ 4). 2. j}gJJt.bu/r(g}1h~rr)

Q)c$u5Itb,g; 6lJ~fJu5J I· I LDth~ f7 JjG 8JfT6U. "G5Iw ffiJ® QgffiJma;

t61Qr LDrr~ · C:a;rr~w" (~®QJfTfil)fillfT. 73:4). 3. w!&$JIJu,8ifTr;rar

fi1D~C:8>FiliU .).

LJ)fT/J ,0 &(!98;8itb. LDfT~~Q)fJU Qu®~o;th 6TQrUQJT G)~~ QJ6lJ)8i8iQr. 6t®9;a;w. G U®8;c$W 6TarU6lJ!D6'6l!D# 8rrj6&li:J. ~ OTQg~W 6lJLGa=IT6lJQ)fTtD ®{l5/uurt.

(~~ySJQ)8ilJjmT(!jJth j}9)Jwu(~j,{lJ) LD®~B6lJc!:pLb, ~rflUJrr

Alc$8;@j C!:P{bULL6"M ()f6irrum~ c:~I!DI{Dru (JQJ~(1)llh.

uut /JiJo>r;r - QJ. LDrT /Jer tr.

42

U Q) Q u tt C!!J61r c!Jj Qr 9W.!!)Ie: e= tT6lJ ~fT 6V I ~y;>Li:Ju ~ t.b ®!J) U U (yJW 8J6lJd;9iQJ>t..D LDUJ8;8)(!pW ZLoi5TLfT®W. !B®w LD~~tb (JCFrflW c9'iQ)ffiJo;6lJ ~6iJfiU /tJl r!h~ySI QUJQTUU@QJ.{!)IW, tB®w U1 tv G> UfT<!!i~W C:~rt!6tfJJ iJ,",~LDfTuJ)~ ®Y'WL/ ~6iJQJ~ ®y,>WU • U(!;t6lJ ftJl Lb, U 5i SJl W ~r;r6l/ t.h LDUJ ~@jtD (c$fil)8>®W) (JQI(i6) (LDUJffiJr!h6iJ) 6T~UU(Sl6lJ/llIW 8)rr~ 8).

9.(]!l>rT: c!JjQ) - c$Q)® - r!hQ)diJ® - c!JjQ)8;@ - t!1iQ)8;8i • . ~

Q/ ySI a> UJ 8; c$ rr 6uf1 W er ~ QJ ~ GJ UJ Qg.!J)J Q:!6 rf1 UJ diJ 8i 6l/ tb.

~pSJUJfT~rTft U.Q)ft &illJ-u1J<!!Jc$c!h8; c$rr~m- ~QJ® '8) C:QltOUrUl-

UJ QJ rT UJ fT G r;r dr.!J)J Q ~ rfJ UJ tr /p LD UJ rfiJ 8) 6lJ t.b a !l> ~ ~ 6lJT rr "'.

Q u rr@L8)Q)ci;e;t.i:J LDQJT 8;c!Jj(J))d;8)~iJ {b®w 'J~.

~ 6lJ) lIJ iJ UJ tt aT LD 6JT I; iJ 6U e; eu 6lJ) 6l) ~ ~ ~ ci (F til 8i 6U U tJJ 6iT W6J1c9;8iOUc$8iW L~LfT®Lb. l.Dfi6T/JQ~~@tb.f!)JW tCffiJ®QJ(J{b LDUJ8;8)W. ~~ "UJ G)urr®w ILLWUltb 8i~~fTS»L.b 8L~LfT®tb.

LD6U-LDal6lJ. LDm6U~6i> = LDUJffiJ<!!j{lj • ." QJ.Q)J C3QJJ!)J fiT@~~8;

LD6lD6Uii;?i6U = LDUJ ffiJ@j{!jQ). ~ fiST (J5I i1 u u w6lf1J;~ G)QJ~ UIT

Q (FW tDGu tr ffJJ. 6f/ L6lfJL t6J • 6lJySlt6JoiJ LJ)VilDQ)~.f!)J LJ)mfillj,~

!6JGir!lJrrw. r>:

• .~ • • 1,1' _"

LD Q) - LD 6l) - LD Q) @j - LD "'lUl~~ Q) ffiJ @'j ~ su = . VJ rr c!:p ~ fOVI UJ 6U

®y;>LDL/~ru. "LDQ}rIiJ~QJ6&T UUJrT!hfld'" (C:1D6lJrr. 130:9). 2. o;6W

8)Q.)flu «!j15""" "Q!6 ~}fiil 8)' '-I ~ 9i~ LOW ffiJ 1Ji" (g Q11Ji. 1067). 3.

a;~ J It ~.{JjJ W '-I;Ij GiJ' • ~ fi5f tT LD su du ®w Q U tt 0lJ!6 G'l1D rr l!/-"

(~c906)~QJrr.- 243). · iJ}/ySI = 8i~oort. 4. L1JwffiJe;6lJffiJ(§sfJ6iJ.

"~~ul!» (ijJfTu5/[iJ mGt) wfilJffiJe;" (i/<!!JQJfT IfF. 1:55). S. Qa;@5601>.

" t!1if) rrC:QJQrr LDfiUffiJ QJ&. 1613).

, .

l.DfiOfIil(!9-W6l)8;

(~@j6lJrrliJ. 6:4.

• •

W6l>8>@) ~ ~e;8i .

UlIilUi;® 9 ~ Lb = 1. Ulrr.!J)J. «f!jQJIJ ~f)filffffiJa;."rrtD a;~ ~mL ffiJootiiJc!J, QT 0'" QurrtD!Da;LLfT(jfiU Q(Fp5JUJ WfitJr$8)L.DfT 8i8; a.Ll1I-" (~Q) , . 3: . L6lS>t;T). 2. LD~8;&QJr9;c!JjW. "UJfiVc9;CfJLD{bflJ !6WW6lJ6'ULD6iT" (~ . QJ8'6lJmr~fr. 5). 3. ~wuw. "tLtDflJ Ulfil)8;a; Cl:PmrLrr ~ (a;wuvrr. ~vrr6lJ~wa;."r!iJ. 18).

· = urrwQuGtr!f)J LDUJ~®~tb §J, lDfT6'6T 66/fiUrrffiJ@jW ~L

LD • ® - WWfTlkJ® = Gl1JQJrrFfiJ®wdr.

LOOJr6J@ - (LDfiUrrrfil®J - 6'6Jfi'tJfT r!iJ~.

UrTQ,HTQJlTrT

43

LOQ> - LDfT6U. LDrr~{!j6iJ = 1. G1UfTC!!Jth~~6U. ~~1bQ). 2. LDUJffiJ®~6iJ. "LDfTQr.!f)J G6lJL QL@t6~ QrfFcrt§QCF6'5J GJUJ(!!Jal6)J" (c::JI9iw. 3).

wrTiU = 1. LDUJ8;8;W "L/(]"rrw u!P®'-w LDrTQ)riiI ®mLUJ wi6}6lJ6'rT UJ.!J)J5J" (@)p5Icrt§~u. 96). 2. LDUJ&@jW ~~CF. "fOTWaUuJ LDG"M'WrrfJiJ G8irr~LG{!j" (if®!W£D' 1). 3. ~Q)9 QJ~Qj8i@!Jtfrr (}) fTrorT e;rr LDLD. " LDLU t5! liJ- Clim, (Jj) QJ UJ 8;c!1irfl uur ~ {b.f!)J" (u rfl @LLb GlurrC!!JGlr Q~IfJUJrr 6lJmrG"5Mw 8i~61Ofim" WU1~2 @L@. 5. @®tDb- f)!DWfT6U 8iC!§~UJ. "LDrrru8iL~" (Qu®~. 487). 6. 8) ® f) to to fT fi6T ~ ® to tt ru. "!BITe;, c!F 6U tEl uS} Ir th $D f?rr?if ro c: u tt Gl) " ((yJQ)Q)(iUu. 3.). 7. 8iC!!J(!JJ~6U. "UJm61JwfT §J)J(f!JQjJ ~6tf)c!F. 164). 8.

~ rf} UJ (yJ ~ if ([!j a LD~ J; Q 8) fT 6Tr ttrn Q;U U IlJ- 6lJ ~ G ~fT ySJ 6lJ tr 6U

~®LDfTrmfiV GJUJrT ~~QJtmrr6lT wrrG6JUJ#C: ( riv.).

~.C:!Drr.: Gk. melas, black. @®~QT c!i; ®{l5Jet w~w c:!IJ/!J~fit)#

G'Ja=rnru. 8i@ViGlL1J. ~p5IUJfT~LD "'·riT~w G tt • 8imVi'fTILjtiJ ®p5J~$D6b

~rr~~. ~

UJrr6U - uxreseo = 1. Q~fT(j)Jr$8)uu~~rfJma:UJfT8iU Qurr(!!)lhi:! UJ§U. 2. Gl;!hfT@:!h{h y"~Q~fT~ "~C:urrtb JJ)JTr5J@j8 UJa>6M"

(8j6l5l~. 106 : 27). 3. useott usree. ~ Q{hrr@j,{h ~GbQ)~ r$LliJ-Ul

UJ ~ LD IT rn Q) ~ ru fit) .{f)I (!:fJ' 'lJ 4. I:t LD tt rn fit) c: U tt 6M tD

UfTLDfTViIDfiV. er -@ : i)®(]QJei · m6U. if®Q";rr!iJc$thfPl UJrr~Q). S.

fill rfJ m s: "LlJfT 6"G) 01J QJ mr UI- g QJ CIi. 2397) . " LD tt tOr» 6lJ LDrT tb a [D "

(tum's. ro5I.u. 493). 6. (yJ~ffP GurrdT{lJ QJlJI-6lIw. LDrrGIDfiU LDfTm6lJ

UJ IT 8) c9; 8) mr 61f"5f 6m '7 ~ 19 ( a.. 6lJ .) . 7. c!Jj t6J .f!)J . " to tt 6lf) 6lJ UJ

LD~tLfW" (urf/urr. 5: UJrr~6UC:urrW!D Gumr. (~®a;ao;fT. 1.

lL~cr. u. 9). 9. U lJI-u QU~6'6lfTfT~UJ 6'6J!D""" "UfTfiirf6TtT

LDfTmQ)UJrr uures: UJI.iJ~" (i/(!!J6lIrT6lJ6lJrr. 54:26). 10. LDUJ8;8)W"

Q;61JuLJ 11. us; fil/ffiJ 8jfilJ&@jW ~~i)u GUfT@~. "ustreoeo

ILffPc9;@j{A /tJUJ tDGir. 1135). 12. @crfT. "wrr6t»G1JtLJw ULfT

G6JfPJ;t,i)fJ61T' 8iUJfT8iu. 155). 13. ~®6ir. "wrr61f)Q)Gh.Dru G8iUW"

~!D!Dl.D ( . 4: 184, IL~IJ).

~ W tr ~ ~Q) llJ w Q u tr c!:p,gp to tt 6lfHilJ ~ UJ lLj ffiJ ®P5I J; ® W LD rr 6m 6lJ QUJ • ~cHT~ ~w(J!D. Glo=wQ)wu u.Q;.Q;~. ~Q;IJ"C!:P{lj66luSl~, 5mLlLJrfil ®p5Ia,®c9 Qa=rroiJ QQJ6iJC:QJQ!D~Jl)J r$rrLLu

~~ gu. @~ kJ,UJfT~6lJ~UJJ; ®p5IJ;®~ G)a=fT6U6lSHilJ,

~~rTruG>()l)6krJ!)J 8ifTLL QJ®~{h @5lPq51ClU1.

LDrT~Q} - Lf)fTG"61~8i = {i).ff)JLDrTa>rou, '6Ulc9i' UlJ!)J6lDLDuQufT@)L UJarQ6Mrn.:_@. ~.<J!Drr. ®~ = ®Ll/--';~)(h (UJ.f!)J (lc9irrtDlWiiJ).

44

wrr615Jm8i - fall .. LDrr66J 8irr( LDfT6'6l6lJ). 6lJ LQe: rr6iJ 51 J!)J6IDLDU G1 UrT(!§Q)QT @lPth~ tEltbfD6U 8ifT6W9l.

uureo - wrrar. LDfTW{D6U = 7. aJUf.f!)J{b6U (i)6lJrr.) 2. LDUJriJ@j~.u (@jLfT.). LDfT~ - WfT6lJW = 1. LDIU,9;®. 2. ~LDfT{b.f!)J. 3. tDlJI-uLJ.

LDfTGlJ - LDrrGir - QJrr~ = 1. OiC!!J6UlLD. 2. t66lJ6lJrrww. UJn-

O{hrr{bfDu:;" (®!DQr. 272). 3. C:1l>6lJ(!§6l)®. "6lJrrfiMGufT

(51!J)J U fT6W. 728). 4. r;;8 L-_(h/fiU8iW. "QJ rrarn-!D eu ySI ~!h~" . (!!JQJfTuJ.

10:6:5). S. eyJQJ8; 8i([!JuGurr@jm-. "QJrr6'6fJm pflySI{A wUJ8i/6:!D

LDfTlsJ,~/JiJ~" (8iwul;TfT. ~GUJrr~. LDtA®r;r. 1). 6. Sj (!j"J su "fffG/Drr(6) QJfT~Gcgu5Jr'r[i;~" ·(LD~m'7J;. 243). 7. LDflWy;> , 6W J!)IWc!JiW 6lJ Y'ffiJ5J es ([!j {bfiV tt W " (®!D 6tr. 11). 8. d!JI (yJ{lj •. " Qf[J v;ir GJ e: tt LL5 Q CF tt L_ L tffJ m- !D L._ (£1Lb 6lJ 6fT rt LfJ iI" ( a (O}J. : 1) . "6lJ fT oir ... ;fJfT6JTuS1 y,{ljw firm- .!J)J~fJ {b u rrdJ.!J)J" (®!Dw. .. /Dw ~ LD. "6lJ rfllU~ 8iLrTrurrm Gl u rrtiJGIfIQ;" (u LIJPjfTU. 38.~ lj)@j."Q.lrTmGlurrpSJ u r;r ~{h Lfm 6YfJ QfilJfiTT 5fnGlTIlJ W" (a;661{t. .

w.rurT@W. ~~ LJ)rrrotr - LDfTfiMW = 1. 8i@~LD. 2. t86lJ~w. 3. 8i®(yJ~rob. 4. l.D6Tf>lJ).

5. @itD{D ~~6>J1 @i{b{D tEl~Q) , ~~Q) LDUJ8;Q; LDrTm u514ib~Q)"

(G$h"GiJ. fiT@~. GJWfTySI. 74) · ~ Lf)"GNW OT~UC:{h 8iwrurr

LD rr th ~ r'r 92.. 6lJ C1i QI y> 8i @j . t$ 67 rn ~ w Q U tt ([!J (jiff LlJ- i.J u om L

t6JC:6lJ(gUJ. totranb 6T~ &rrru ®{b{Du QUfTC!!Jm Qr!Ilrr~L

$hfT c!h/J GJ ~rfJ ~ roirr!D /tU.

QI rr ar - 6lJ tt fii6T th = 1. a; • (tr ~~ Lb tC 6l)QI fT6lfT tb. "6lJ tt <iWf /J ~fJ 6l1J6tT

QlfTUJ8i(JtfnrrL UL._(jj)' •. 105). 2. (];fJQJC!961J®. "sutrss: (y)QrpSJw

w~m6U C:urrQ)" ( • urr6i6r. 346). 3. tfn(!!Jc!:pg](j}J. "~Q)QJ"~

QJIT~W QUIUQJ Gir. S59). 4. LDal!J>. "QJrr6STW 6lJrrtiJJio;

Lf)mrtiilJ6fTw Gil " (Lf)~GLD. 19: 149).

Q{!j. eutra«, &. (b).

LD6lJ-LDrt-LD. ~6lJ = 1. 8ifitJIhiJ((!j~~~. "w@QJrrrt ~rrUJru" (aQJ8).

uu5J~~. fT~/!JlTfitf6r wrf@ UJ6lImgr" (@{Dm-. 227). 4. 6lJJj)#'8iU

u@{D· , ~@UJ utiilfrr(Ju" (G)~rrQl. G'lurr®6ir. 308). S. 4~llr1h6U. WfT {ljtT ... LD(I!)GlJW (]6lJL6lfuliUJfTm" (Utt;TGLDfT~. 4:4). 6. ~UJ fT roof! ~{DfiiJ). "c!1jy>ru9J~,," LD(!!JQJ tt ~6lJ rr (g LD6UwW~ Lb " ((J'!iGlJrr. 501:1). !!1§1!U>®{fJ6lJ. LD~~~fTtb G1UfT®th~~roiJ.

(!lr (!!JLDW = 1. ;7h(gJ61fw usmt u. "Lf)(!!JLD:t~ Q~pflC:6lJ6i/' (a;wulJfT. 6lJ) UJ6I>L. 11). 2. ZLu5JtT!DfTI.!/-UJfTfiM ~.f!)JULJ· "6Tr§J(!!J LD(!!)LD/Ji)Q)LJi ®~uu" (L/.G)QJ. 7: 23). 3. W6'a>!DG'JUfT®m- (@I}'-!h5JUJt.b). (<FffiJ. cdPIo;).

urrQJrrQASTrr

45

4. ILl lDLf. "LD!A~(J QJG6JuSlw LD([!JLDW" (fSrrar. 59 : 20).

w® - LDfTrt = 1. COJ!D <9 &, LDITFTLf. "@i1UfT{D&6M WITrfI QATtU6lJ Q(OUQsr!!)/' (&wufJrr. @I7ITQJQJT~ 6lJm~. 192). "gW.IffJGiJ t$66JUJrrmrth. WfTrf/Q) a=!A~QTLh." (u~.). 2. ~rr~~ (!p~LDfT6(fT !EL_LQ)~_"__

&. WrTfT.

LDfT IT &8idlrr LW I LDnlr &&6)1 t!F t.b, WIT rt & ®ifJI, WfT rr ~ 'l tt rt 6lJfiJ51 , LD"FTUJrruLj (LDfT[JrTU,-/) (yJ~661UJQ1 LDr;T4 QJ~'1~ 8Q._L_@#

Gc!Frr{b8iw. (F ~

wrrrt-wrrrT4 = 1. GJ!D<9&. "8.tQr61T{bGflJ 8iQrQltfjJ6iiT LD~ (®PJ6ir.1288). 2. QUbW Q{6<98i/ (YHmfiU, wrrrflwU mlhC:~~!DrrGlsr (~.QI.) 3. filJUJ-W4· ~'fiT~ G1UJti.J~rr {CQalJT@ LlJrTlT • ~~" (Qu®Lburr~.

S. ~8iQ)tb (IF 4JlJ. 6. {6fTw(YJY> {86TTW.

Ln. u:mh-/. . . r'\' ., (:). • .." (0 •

LDfTfT4 - uurm.uo = \.D1{6C§C1i, LDfTfT . )J)J~a; LlJfTfTULD . ~/Q)U.

19:61).

•• ••

LDrTrrUW - wrrrrU8iw.

LD C!!> - LD C!!J ffiJ ® = 1. (Q U IT ) U 8; &w. "8i6lj) we;, UJ rfJ lLI r;rpSl UJ

w(!!Jffil@j CJ{Drr &51" (LJ!Dw . ~6lJrrUU8;8iw. "a;t6JJJ)J L51~&

Q8ifT~L 8i6"5lY>LD~ diJ Qr" (LJ{Dw. 3). 3. @mLUU8;8)w.

@ m L__ «(:!!} LIT.) . 4. Q) 6"5) .~' LD C!!J ffiJ 8) pSI 6lJ IT r;r rr LIJ m su t61 ~ W

1""'\ rf}("l) "( _C"I' 48 \ 0 · ( . C\' ) 6 · · ~~ __.O • •

\.D I U \.J) '7J 8) foUl 'Ii. /; . " D LJI {'fjJ.. • 8i {D{D LD. ~6l.Jboll6fT LD([!jflil

®G6>LUJfTlr wrrf;l6U • '. (®/DQr. 526). 7. ®ouw. "@Jrrw(!!Jri» 8)!f)J/J~

GJLDfTtUw01Q,- LJ)~ ~@c!:p(!!jct!J. 275). 8. QGfQJQ/w. "Wom-(JLD6U

6lJrrrt" (gQJ&. 2924). 9. J$1fitJ. "Q~rrQut.D®ri» . 8).

@jib = 1. @6lJl1 ,', u8;Oiwrr5JUJ @@ULJ. 2. @mL • W(!!)diJ&:Jro5T wtiume; 8n.{D" (~@QJrr (F. 5:67). 3. QJui]J!)J.

"ulFlu@ W • @jG'mQ/' (LJ!Dw, 260). 4. "UJrrfilJ)~ LD@ffi1@j C:6VuJ&@W

Q L@/J Q:2iffiJ51~" (Qu®WUIT61iJr. 352).

LDfiBT l.D8; 8j tOtT Q u fiifT ~ Ll!J- Gb (yJ ~ w (!P m £D UJ tr 8i8;

· ~w r;5}®!h/fJI. LD(/!) - w<!9rGl/.

~Q, = QqrrtbUJm~6l/ @"'&8iGm" Qly>e9iQ8irr@ Qurr®th~ ffi1@j~6i>. LD([§6l/ - We!!JlL = 1. [!JLLf. "We[9tL#QqtiJ ~UJrrrtLDrrL_@1J ~ffiJ® LD6lT/J'7JIT/J" ({DfTQ)l1I-. 246). 2. @fiU&&6m" 6lI!J>8;Qlhrr@ G)U"®~iJ 6lJy;>ffiJ®c9 Qt!FrrtbUJm~6l/.

46

LD®UJ8im = 7. LDIJ)~aUrrQJu QUfT(!§t5/!J1w wa;f/rr 8i,",6lJ~ 2. 9([!jQl6MJar ~L6iT U1 lDtAtbfT6Tr WC1iQr c:!JI6lJ6U.$DI 9C!!J~~uilw ~Lm UJ !D th to IT t;;ir LD 8) Qr . @ 6iJ Gll1 ® 6lJ ® t.b L.D ® LD8i iir t&1 6tfHiU ~ LD 8; ~

• •

GlJ fJ 8iBn.UJ-UJQJ rr.

w(!!JUJ8i6ifr - LD(!!jLDfT~ = 1. UJ(!!>w&m (LD®a;6irr) (1) unlT · 8iW

c: u rrfilJu Q u tt ®th~ Lb wr$Gfr c$A6TQJ~. "LD(.!!JLDrr WOiQQl6W" (Bi6l>6UIT. 15). 2. LD@LD8iGlsr (LDQ5a;w)

~@QJrf1m tLL6irr t51tDtA~lT6Tr LD8;Qu ~~Q)~ f} eLL-AT

LiJflJ{h~fTm- LDa;~. "@WQJfT6llTfTrT LD(!!)LDfTmrrrflQ/ " (C:~QJfT.

756 : 2) . 3. 6lJ y51 ~ c: {lJ tr 6lfr {D GiJ. "(r!!j L 4'iU ffiJ e; tr Q/ fT UJ ([!J LD rr 6ifT "

(Ulff)Jurrmr. 47). (f ~ 0

LD([!jW(])m - LD(!!ja>6kr = 1. LD(!!JLDa>o6r (w® ~ afJ urrfrJ;Q; = LDOiW

C:urrrou Qurr®/h,gpw LD8im Oit06'6T6lJ • 6lJ8;~ W®<h~(i5TU

U fT li/-u U tt UJ-" (~(!!JQJ tt a. 9:6). 2. UJ(!!JLDSi ®8i~) (2) u tt rr 8;8i =

~®QirfMr 9!...LW OJfD~flJfT.u- W8iW ~/fJJ fY®~~u5Jw 9!...LW

L1J {D th ~fT m LDBiW. "QJ rr fi5TQJ Q) t;J ~ 8i fT Gi4T L UJ@t9irrGQJrr"

(r!J)wufJrr. ®rTuu~. 711).3. '6lJ • c:~ ru'. "C:a=(J61.)fT LD([!J8i" (u~[b.

63:16).

W@8irotr - LDC!!J® = 1. W®8i~ ) (1) urTlr9>a; = wa;ar (lurrfiUu

G)urr®Ih/IUw W8)6Tr ClimilQJ ' • . ~8i). "UJ(!!JQr!JimC:{D UJQJLDi1$~

flJ8;8i~" (8i~:f!jLJ. 8ifTLDflJ. ~. LD®W8i~ (LD®8iW) (2) um"8;8i = 9®6lJ rflGtr ~Lv;kr UJ {D~~fT • 8i~ J)/bU6lJ f!Jl ~(!§j,iJu516irT 1PLL~

UJ!Dth:!Drr~ LD8)61fr. (UJfT ~.)

W®8i~ - LD([!j5J (Q . LD(!!J2 = 1. 9GirpSJ "jd,QQJrr@ aCF' :!h ~ VillT IT 8; @) • c: [Drr 8i®91.

~.C:fljfT:~" flJ = 8iQ)i;$l)Iii>. W6mW = @®Qi6D8i !fjfTtbfDw,

GlQi.f!)J~~ <FpSJflJlii>· Gl~!J)J - GlQipSJ = W6mw.

Q1/fJ • =<O;6lJ~~Q). Q1/fJ - 6'5J<mfJ = LD~t.D .

• ~ @~G)~rr6krQ!Drr@ ai6l)8;®W WmTw. rr®w W6m'wGluJ!)Jill " (uy>.). "Lf/Ja~fT(£J uUJIhr!)rTr5J®" ({6 tree 111-. 139) 6T~UQJtb"'!D

............. ,_,.. G)a;rrm6?1l{D" (a~Gllrr. 530:1). 2. [DjJ)JW6lSrif q Q~4-QJa>8i . . ®JiG) srr (!p/hff)/' "w@Qf a;rt!> ruff t!TalwC: urrbiJ QJth~~rr6iJ"

• m8icii(]s;rT. 112). 4. @LW (UlIfiI).

® - w®® = ~QJmt.h 6T~gJ)JtiJ ~J!)JLD~#Qr!F~.

l.D@ - w(!!Jt6.:f)/ = C:{DrTuJ ~rt 8;@W Qurr(!!Jm. w®[h~rr®Lh C:QJ@t.D ~~Y>ILJLh Qu®wurrjJ)JUJ LD~LD u51&51®uu~fT6iJ~ C:{DrruJ !C';;(§W

U fT Q.J rrQRIT IT

47

QUrT(!!JQr LlJ([!j~G~fi5TUULL/IJl. "UJ®~Q{D6M aQJ~LrrQJrrW" (~!D6tr. 942). 2. urf/-a;rrl]"w. "w®IAi)ar.!J)J LDar~6lJQg g{!5l.u" (8)~i>. 89). 3. a= fTm6lJ tC cii®w .d}I (yJ~tiJ. "aiL6U8ifil)&51 LD®~{f)J mClic$

QC1ifTGirr@" (8l6U6lJrr. 41:26). 4. uUJC:~fTUJ LD(!!J[!,1hfT~ ae- ®w.

"j)(!!)LD®!h.:!» v;V16'0)6'fT di®w ~ro1rr55T IT L@U Q u rr (I!j[Dfiir" t · . 70). S.

JBrr. 6. j)~rnw. "w®(!,(]~fT611fT GilfDr8U1{iJ@j"~·. 81). 7. Q611L4-W®(!,§. 8. Ql6/UJ w®(!,§ 9. Gil8'1iJ6l1I~GM W~

In. w_®w~. "" W~!!P. s: w~!!p. • rP <:;

LD(!!J{lj.{!;J - /..l)(!!j~fJjJQlI.J) - LD®{hfDJQJ~· ~

lJ)®!h~ - wC!!>I6{hw = (w®!A{l>fT8)U UUJwu(,ifi:B);1P/?!Jc$ (W.).

w(!!j - LD(!!)Qr. W@Glr:2iGU = 1. ~~~vU.' ~JLD@ stfitDfsrJ!)Ju5l6iJ"

(8j6l5l~. 14), 2. co5IUJrjJ~GiJ. "j)6iJGQJ @QJ " (urfJurr. 5:35). 3.

LDUJffiJ(!!jrfDGU. "wiJUJ®~®" (C:!JPJw. 12 . QfiilJ®GlJ~"->· "~{lJfTtr

wW.!J)J w®mr@ (]fDfT8;§;J" (LJ{Dw. 4~

&. w®rirr. ~

LlJC!Jj61r = 1. LDUJ8;8iW. "QQJ(!!J~ Y<!!J6YfJw" (gQJr!J). 2290). 2. i)rfI 4~fr#~. "LD(I!J~rt{6~ UJfT<'F ~UJ UJQllt". (®{DQr. 199). 3. UJ{lJuLf

(yJ ~ fiiJ ~ (l5165J roiT {l5I LD UJ ffiJ • ® W et r# CF U L51 [D ~ . " LD fT 6l/ th

LD®@JJU;" (LJflJw. 28). 4. .. "W(!!>roTr ur;r{h~ QtO)J~~6lJ6lJ"

(iJ66>fiWWfT06)fil) 96). 5. a;. ( [po ~s;). 6. aalrrLL!}- (rnu/JiJUlw)

(UJrr(p. ~8).). 7. ®{l51 • i'J • ·~[Dw ~LL~Gtr 9m.!J)J (L5Iriil.)

8. LD(!!J<ii1f} thfhGTT U U ~. rR6J dr 6lJ '7 6l/ Q IF fTGiJ6l51 LDC!!JG1r u rr(]jJsfi6U"

(~6iJ. flJrTa:. 9:8). 9. au. · .). 10. CtutiJ Q8)fTQr6YT6U. 11. 46b~® (w.).

LJ) (!!J 6fT dr = 1. ~'UV/l GlJ LlJ UJ J; 8i Gil . " u L._ L i.J U 8i tb Q u tr @66> {h

uJ1 ® Gi QT "" fD LD ( {lj rr UJ . t$ (!!j'iim" tt <!Ii IJ 8i . 4) . 2. Gl {!j til QJ c: LD tJ5) .

3. LDfhQ6lJpSJUJ • .

LD(!!j,," fT6Jf) = fJ rt GYT6!r. 2. G> ~uJQlC:LDpSJ. 3. (J UUJfT L1I- 4. W@Vi1T ~rT 2!.. ~9fiji... 'a;((j)uu ff1tUuu w([!JfJffU 466>t;T1U" (G~rr6iJ. IL.QJ.

15). ~ ~

L.D(!!Jfi1fI 0. 1. UJa;8iw. "LD®6'Jf1G1S;rT6iJr WLC:/DfTc9;c$W" (8i661/J. 14).

2. LD ·ftJ. "wC!!Jotf}{DrTW LJ)UJffiJ~" (UJ(]CFfT1h(J.2:42).

- ~~ = 1. wUJ&&w. "~UJ(!p WC!!>LQl8iUJ<9 QqQj6'5J~ 6-4&51" ~~ GUfT(!J,€tr. 659). 2. fiT6ilrTGllfXn8i QwlituurrL@6tr 966r{DfTfiM . "~a>a;GUJ ~@Q>8) ~QJfJ6U l.D(!9Lfi6)8i"(Q~1T"->. QwuJiJ. 3).

Lurr = QQ/~ufTG1JLb dfJ,~rfJUJUUfTGl.fw 8)Q)tA~6lJ®L.b &fiOa>QJUUfT. (GfhfTQ). Qurr®~. 398).

48

LD([!JvTr - uSllJetr. u51t;T@!J$66U = LDUJrfu~ ~c98i~6iJ. LD(!!JL@ - t.D1fJL.@· LD(!§L..t.q- = u5}(JLIJI-.

uSJt;TW ~ (;)LDfJm-, Gl.J)fJ@!J~6tJ = wwffiJ® .dJI<98i{DQ>. QLDr;r6tr = QW@6iT. QLD®~~6b = WUJffiJ~ ~@8i-~6iJ. Glw@rotr = ~a=c!FW. (~w. 10, wuilm6U). Glw(_0,,", = WUlIiiJ~Ul@!iI, ~qq:IiiJGl8ifTw,,",. g QLD®6Tr - QQI(!!JGtr. QQJ®~;?job = 1. LD@~$DGb. '~I; &fiATLfTrt QQJ(!!)W(f Q/~~w GLlJtUUJ6iTQ)u UJmL~ c;)U!D!DfTQr ClQJmu@C:LD" (iI®QJfT c!F. 32:3). 2. ~®9i1Dru~@jtiiJ@j'-9- usn c9;C1iW dL{D GlfilJ(_0,,"," (G'/U(_0ffiJ. LD8i{lJ. 24:84). ~d!>fijI(;3)'f (!:P{hti6lUlfiJr

uSJermr@ C1im61J~6b. ~

G>QJ@Qr = 1. J).JC§<F/J {h8;s;4U. "tEJ~ e;!)611rrrt G)6lJ([9C:w"

(iJ®QJ(f5. 6:17). 2. Lf)~c$8iQ)J;&t.h (...,rs-,....;~

QQJ®€tf) = 1. LD@L~. "GQJ®~ ~ rIDs;g," (€/Q18). 532). 2.

GlQl(_06Tf# G'/q:tiJu.flh '-Jro~(_0 {h~ 3. filJpS/UlfT(;3)'f GlQl(_0L@W

Qa:6lJQJ9- G}a:®Ji@j. "GQJ([96YfJ ~tt" (gQjr!h. 73).

G)QlC!!J6fr - QQJ@ = ~5~LD. ' QI/htD Qr!TtiJQ{DfT@@W QQJffiJ

Cl8ifT6lJar" (®!Dm. 563). "Q6lJ {hrrfiisrPJrTGYr ... 8irflt!hrrru QJGYTQJW"

(G) U tt (!!J!I>. 147). "QQJ p)J UJ rr&f+-L."Jf-~j,./fJJ QQJ(!!j6l11m 8)~~W" (G) tDrrGiJ. Qurr(!!j~. 111).

QQJ(!!rfilJ. UJ@ (b).

9.G{1jfT: OE. foer, OS v. G. fara, G. (ge) fahr. ON. far, E. fear.

QQJ@ - GQJ(!9. ®61f{hGlJ = JJlr.98i{hGiJ. "UJrror>m GQJe!§ILW

46l5J{Drr 8i®[l51w." . 599).

{fI .. G'16lJr;TuL/.

Q6lJ®6lJ . .4JIc98i{DGU. G>QJ®QJt6~ GqtUUlfT6mLD (®!D6ir.). 2. ~q~~6i>. 'Q6lJ@6lJ@ ~rr~~G)8irT@ GCF(!§UU6U 8iL!6.,~/'

(ufijltb. 7 . .).

o

(D)6lJ rr 0 (D)6lJ®QJ!6:fDW = <dPI~S=w (w.). G16lJ®QQJ®~~aiJ =

~ Pi,

• ~ - Q6lJ(!!jG6lJ®~fP tfJdr {DfiiMt;JrrfiiJ" (/!llJCl ~~g,fT. @t;Jrril.

61f - G6lJ@@ = ~c9s=:t~8;e; r$fTL@U !:J6m6'tfT. "G>QJC!§J;(§ .... ._.., .... u L UJwm-" (4{!Jt.D. 324).

&. Gurt@ - GuJi(f!j.

U(fQJrr6RTIT

49

GQJ®® - QQJ@c$® = ~8=~W. GQJ@cii® G6lJ®8;Qt$fi!r {l5J<!!>d;~!DSDJ. (Il.JolJ.).

LD(!§ - LDJJ)J - W.!J)J@j = U~LffiJ9)Gtr G)5{l5J!5:!6 QU(!!l~a;~"'r=)U an.6lJLD.D)J ® = et mr QJ~c!Jj9i 8"n.6lJffiJ c!hGlT Q (F p5J!6th LD.!J)J ® C ~UJ-U.Jrrtt. fL6'6>fJ).

LDfTQ) - LDfTrT - LDfTrfI = 1. &®(!JJUJ6iJ. "wrrrflwrrL (D)c!hfT6iJC:6lJfT GlJ6U(§" (®!D6b-. 211). 2. LD6mlj). "WfT QlfTrfl ®w{l5JffJJw" (4/Dw. 35). 3. wmy;Jio;rr (YJ6tSlY><9 li1a-, w6kr6GfJ& ~Lth~fDffiJ®w" (~iiJ. (UlIfiI.).

ID., D. wrrrf/. ~

LDrTW - LDrnY' = 1. 8i®~LD. "W6lS>Y'rJ!j@ (J) L "(i)(f!J6lJfTtfF. 6:46). 2.

$(!!jd5rL 8i(!!j(!JJ$JGiJ. "LD",~~6lfl~a-, (nil" (/bfT6lJl1I-. 361). 3.

LDGmtps,a;rr6iJ. "LDrnlPQjlP~ $bG6Trn • rr' c!h(YJ@" (Qu(!!JwurrGiJr.

363). 4. c!:pgJ~ G>urrySllLfw tErr. ' fDdJ Q{DfT@Q~@QJfTrotr

QutiJQUJwu QUtUlLfW L1JmiYIC!l/jJGtr. 55). 5. ®GYfJrr<tUJ. "(;}u(f!j LD6'4>y>8i 8iGUr" (@j{DGtr. 1239). ~~

LDm!pii~GiJ = 1. 8)C!!JrffJ!DLDfT~6iJ ~iJ@ QUJuJtq~L LDrrtb(D~rt"

(8){hrp:,LJ· @r;rW6lJrn~. 132) YJ !EJ~!D!h~C!!>:f,~Q). "LD61f)YJ/J~

6lJrrmGw" (Cf,WUfJfT. o;nlr ). 3. @)6YfJrt rJ!j6iJ. "Lf)61f)y;>ii~ LDc6~LDrT

(f§{h/Ji)wrrfiv" (QurftUJ GM. 150).

LDmfj) - us. L.J)!p. &. LD woU - LDJf)l = 1. 8i@' .. r6J8)w. "wiJw.f!)l# Qe:liJGUJrTm" (urfJUfT.

2 : 20) .. @tD/Dw ). "LD.fl)J~<iU GCFtiJiJ e!:PQJ",8)8; !hfTbtJ(!:fJW"

(Q{DfTvU. 4tD~· 2 . mLD. !D@a;9;LGU C:UfTfXfTrT§JllW w!f)JuuLrrLD6U

6llfJ c$r$L6'8"" .. 5. ~6'G)LUJrrQTw. 6. ufT~mrfiCS7Sf) (W.). 7. C:1hrr6iJ

aLD5Wfi1r~~ • 4fi1rfiffl (mole). LDctlFW. "LD!)J6)JrruiJl}'~ Q{hL

Lmf)ti>~ ~,g;. 2).

LJ)6'iJ (LD~~ Q)®~~LD.

fft.C:!b· . <fhal, OHG. meil, Goth. mail, E. mole, spot, blemish, small lump

'I~II::ILI - • ~@6l/w wrrfrLJ· 2. Q!D~<h. 3. c!:pA>ilJ.

- WWLDW - ~WLDW = 1. c!::p~6lJ. 2. (!jJrnfilJuurTfJ). "~LbL.D ~6m"~ ~u1JG61)IJ)/TaUJ" (~GiJ. Quri1UJrTfi;>. 2:2:1). 3. ®~!6fM)~ UJfi(f4TGlf (®/;p{I;rn~ QJ~rtULJ# Q5'fT6U).

us. ~J.buSJr9l€f1. cIi. ~wu5'J.

50

~.C:!6rr: &(!§WW - c!hLDL.DW - 8iLD = Q81iJ~r!Jj, GJ~rr!flruJ 9LY'GlJ, G)8ifT6lJ. @tfi. 8irrLh = C:QJ61J)6lJ. QU(!!jLDrr~ - QUWWfT~.

LDWLDW - L. mamma, E. mamma, milk - secreting organ of female in mammals.

E. mammal, one of the animals having mammae(pl.) for nourishn .. _.

E. mamilla (L. dim. of mamma), nipple of female breast.

l.D(!5LDw - QJ. WITww. 0

QI. W®-LDfr = 8fT (to die). LDrrwriT = mortal spot, le point, any

vital member or organ fiTwu§JJ QlLGWfT!flUJrrQr Lh Qurr(!!JL

8>/f6"64flUlW. @:firoir QUfT(!!jd;:fid;~:fi ~uJll8lT !5~(jjJGI8>fTQr 8>.

LDC!!JW6U = LDUJtfiJ8Jfiu. 6"bJUJ/JfJfIlJ• ~ ~ d)

~.G~rr: E. marvel, ME. f. OF. mervveille f~~'rabi/ia, neut. p. of L.

mirablis (mirari, wonder at). 0

E. mirror (looking-glass) f. ME. f. OF. f. ~ rare, look at, f. L. mirari,

wonder at. ~

GW~Q)UlIT (!p~W(!P{h6U (!p8>';;~QlTfT~~Ul';; 8>.L§JW Q)] UJ !f, ~~rr a;~ G> ~ rfJ ~ W ~.{!jJ~ il ffjJ6JT<J LD er m 6fT !6 fT LLfT (!§W

6'5JUJ/AiJ@t»f[»6U GQJ6AT@W. ~

• • • •

QJJfiU - (}jJfirr - (YJ6fT@j. (yJ61T @)~LI

@6fT(!JJQ)QJ (9J&JJiJQCFtiJ

• •

(y)UJIliI@jf[»6lJ.

(.seSl$. 125)

QJJffrr - (!p1fI = 1 . .LLQ, &J~ "iJt!JjYJ c!:pcJ~rr G1651fTQrrLj ~UJJI:/'

(~j,/!JlQJi.J. 133). 2. LD'7OJ (UJlTlP. ~c!JjJ 3. t!Jj~&c9j"6b. (w.).

(!:protfl - C!:P!fl = et L@. eyJL@.

1. (yJ!rP ffiJ ~ 8j (!P yJffiJ Cfj rr 6iJ CI:P {D 6'6J UJ QJ {b uJI AT t.5J~5J6llIL.L~ (IL.QJ.). 2. LD'7c9G1~LfI- Qe;fTliI!fl'4 u5}AfJ u1 iT ... LD 4Jlt;J 8; e;6f>IjJ8ifTiYr" (~tp8irT 8i6tJ. fJ ....... I~,RT @®a;~65Jtb 51Qf)LUULL u@i). 4. r!h(!§UJli16tT lFfTthQfDfTLJTJi ~./!)JuurrAT G~fTiiJ.

~ ~ff@QL.D"¢J FF(J~(!:R~ "~"@"l.DIT¢J

IS!Nff~aIlfFNtfO,m JJ6TJr!Fc!i~ Q~ITL,;QLDffJP1lL1mUu,--

~ "w"iP;ilQ)Q) ~,,6irtblUJ "1fj!p(JUJ. (Q~rrQ). QLO"lPI. 12>

~Q!DfTL/ffTfirT GU8:8> (Articulate speech of, articulate = connected . ts). "Qwrr!flGuUJiT (]~fiT/J~ r;Trru51euLb." (@jJJ)J/i. 11)

~, - (y){pw = 6Gl8iiA/b@u G)urr(!!J~i)fi5flfikT.8)J ~~w ./IlAf/QJA)1J lL/6Tr fiTT !B L.LWO""6lI. " IL mr u ~ {DfT u51 lLf@uu/IJ/ Ii fT 6irr@ (9)'''' tb " (!6QJQJ!fl. 28).

Ln. (!p6lfJ. & .. C!PliI-. (yJ!fl - GWfT Qurr®~~. &6'tfIGiir e;~ ___

67). 3. GlLDfT!fl o

9

51

• •

ULL ~Q)Q)!f» QjJ@ ~t;;(TQJfT6M 6lS)c$.

C!:P YJ t1J au fT @ ~ 6b = 7. (!JJ y> ffiJ (;'lfl8) UJ tt Q; ~ G1T ~ ~ 6iJ. ;f6~mLDQ)UJ ~ti..t{h~ wi'LJlJJ(£1{!jGu.

(!JJYJffiJ8Jrr6iJ «(ljJY>W + a;rrGiJ) = !D(£IuQUfT®~iI~rotr

•• •

U LL dP/"'fiV,g» (!:PIP dPlGYT 6lJfT firT sure».

(!PJP th1Drrro- ((!JJY>W + ~rrro-) - (!jJy>t!§ = c!:py>rID c$

Ln. (y)!J)W. 1fjI. C!:PtpLn. &. QWfTy>. Qf!j. (yJ'7. (!:p61r - (!:P@ - (!:P@6lf. (!:P@Glf{ljGU = 1. G'! u 'ftP~i1i> Gl fDfT@{ljGU. 2. (!:p~{lju9@fli_GU. "fill/hG'!{ljq;ffr (!:p~~(!:p@661~d) (iI®.t(l9ifT. 227).

3. r!i@6l!$fJfiV. ~

(!:P@Glf - (!:P@QI~ = 661LJTD G'!{ljfTL..Jt~Lf' "(!:P(!jJQltD c!liL_~

G'!u@~{ljrrq;ffr" ({ljIiiffll~9iULf' ~/hillLJ. ~.

QJJ@6lJ~ - m...@6lIGlJ = c!)Im4. "u QJ fiULD'7rT" (~~rrUJ8)LJ.

72:54).

6L@QJ~Lf = fir@~LDUJ/h c;;{;k, tifi;{lj ~q;ffrLf· (G'!{ljfTfiiJ. 9iwGlf· 34.

ILA>IJ)· ~

C!:P@6l[ - QJJ@aT. fJjJ(!JuJT~fiu = . ~®~6V." UJGiTmw a;6iT QP6Olfil)8;€l(P

(YJ@g,6WQJrr(l/D urrru 8JfJ • , (fOF(jjJ. 5:3:3).2. (!JJ/J§J{h6lJ. "~@{!fh~

~@QJrrG~ (}jJ@cJFrrC:~" ( . U(!!JLDfTW. 9:6).

9.Cl/DfT: UfJLJ - utr or. {)6'5I[T lh.

• •

(lj)@6lJilJ - C!PlPrT6lJ -

(gQJ8). 2541).

v~~~6f/~rOb = G~®t!v~u U!J)~~6U (~.QJ.). y;>rrGlf t!J6lJ = GJ !D®ffiJ5J L.t u YJ®{!j6V (~.6lJ.).

(!:P@~{lj'~ {lj~, U®~{ljGU, (!:P@~{lj ~Gi6rU/61r~G1T (iL.QJ.).

c!p(!;p ~ ~1P"6ir = QJ6fTrr8~UJ",L!h~ (;)urf/UJ ~6tr.

(yJ~ -!{y> = 7. iit;TmrL (yJr;J8i (UJffiJ.). 2. (!!>L®U)fT (~QJu. 147 .

.LA>. 0

fill - (YJ!pQ} lb = 7. GI u C!!J<!P'7 &. "wmr &Al AT (!JJ&pQJ Lb m1 ww" (ilQJ&.628). 2. ~L(!JJlPrr. "fli'*'81mwu U1wQJ£Ii1 tfl6V!D~ cYJIJ)GQJ" (~"'u. 3:747).

52

~.C:~rr: (!pIJ r!Ii - (yJIJ q w. '...JIILb' (;) U@6lf>LDLi;;)UfT@L UlwG;)6ITrrL(h), (y>y>fT - (yJy; - (yJy;>rkJ(§. QJJfI)fiJ®~Q) = 1. QurflG)~fTv6I~{6.o. "fiTy51w6J (!JJ IP iii C!it6 j1 m c!F G'J IU WQJIT lb" ( (6 tt fit) 111-. 392 ). 2. U QJ us p5J UJ 8

c!F tr tb.f!)J '!i 6iJ. "Q ~ rr iiJ &" u 01 UJ th j1 ® QI bir@!J 6lJ it c: 8i 6tJ) fT IT

&J 6ir p5J fllJ (!JJ y> ffiJ ® Lb" ( j)Q)8;. Q OJ rr ~. 7) . (!}lIP ffiJ (r!) c$ ® -

(y>y;>8;S;W.

(y>YJrT 8i = Qu®~S!6fT (UJfTy;,u.).

(LJJ~ = (®.(;)u.fiT.) 1. u(!!J/J~. "(yJ@(!JJ~ G) rrf5Hiu{A1b (l8ifT61f1 UJfTQJcJ,/IJI" (4!Dw. 58). 2. uSJ~~1h, QWfT/J{ll, trea, 6T6U6lJIT. 61- (];I : (!JJ@f!PLfiiT , (!:P@~ G'I~" fiaU,., ~, (!:p@QJQ)a;"6'ffl «(iJ6I>{DQlw).

(y)~&8i (®.~.()T.). = (IJl(!JJ§Jw. "LtD1ml); q,q &@fhQ5}6ig" (gQJ~.

1966, ILmIJ).

(LJJ@/J~ = QPiJrt.t~Gutb!D· "fYJ WU8; &L6b" (iJ(!§8;8i([§·

c$6151~. ~!A.). ~ !l

(y)@ - (yJ@4J1 = 6T6lJQJrr • ~rrmLD. "(y)@Q~m 516fTmI

GUJ®t!FITU GUfT(!!JL(JL" ( fT. lLrft. 28).

C!:P~.ffJJ - (yJ~8i-. orQ>6Urr ~Qu .!J)J66I LLJTQsr (IL.QJ.).

(Y)@6 - (!J>~~4P = lFfifT8i. 14).

CYJ@ - c!:p@LDQrr = 1. 4 2. dPI"'l7 8i®J.hGurr .fbi UJm~UJfT ~ ~~Lb

(yJ@8; 8n.60w0m7.

(y)@wwtr - (!JJ (YJ~/fJJ. c$LW QP~QJ~tb ~rr~§J6lS)L_LrrdT

(ILQJJ ..

(!:P@ - ~~ - 1. U(!§QS)LD. "~tiiJa;(!:p@ QJLjJIFLDrow8: ~li>tA4iJ LD5IIPQJIT ~rffUJLJ. i)®fPrr6l/. 39).2. 6T6U6lJfTW (UlffiJ).

(y)@Q/ 4jJ - c!:p@a~fToiT = 8iL6l/itr. "(ylQ1J(J~rriir 8ifTwRrlJj"

(~@ IT • :29).

-.....~fTu(!!J/J~ c:!fJ,roBrLDrr6frr (stag = male of red deer or of other large

&¥~~O eer - C.O.D.).

- Clwy>t.b = G1~LhL.D!DJUJfTL_@8; &LfT.

lPw - GLDLW = 1. G)qWw!DJUJfTL@& &LfT (UJffiJ). 2. GWLGQJfTQS)1;J (t5iffiJJ. 3. GwL4 (611$10)'7). "awl I DrrwiJ" (8il.buf}"fT. i)C!!J6lI6lJ~. no).

·

UITQJrr~rr

53

C:WLW - QJ. {lW6l1J.

(:LDlPW - ClWYlCllW = Qa:Ww{l5JUJrrL@8;8lLrr. "QQJWurfI ClW!J>CIl Clwtb{l5J" (gQJ8). 521).

C:LD~a;IlJ - tiJJpaiW = Q/FwLDp5JUJrrL_(jj>cii CIlLrr. fiJYJ&W - Ul . Wt!h.

~.C:!DfT: E. elk, large animal of the deer kind found in N. d N.

America. ME. elke, OE. elh, eoth. ~

(]wy>r!hW - C:wLa;w = 1. G~WLD{l5JUJfTL_@8i 8iLfT. 2.~C:QJfTm'7.

C::WL<!];W - QI. C::WL<!];. g

fiJy>ChW - fiTL8iW - o;r@ - UJrr@ = Ga:ww{l5JUJfT@. (;jQ1Qrwrr(~L ~@. "UJfT@ffiJ @)~mlJlLJw" (G~fT6b. WfJLj. 12). r? ~ 0

fj'tirJPh;nL UJff{T Q{!DJfiI)I!5J (§1i1r(§ ~

Qe6irIPlQe6ir !O@t6!6QJ UJffL.lIf6ir clap-

g-6irr ~ w u yulJ c;, U tt ~ U U fT uiI (J q .• . Gl6'1J6Tr "" fT Lm La;

®{l5J~~~. ()

UJfT(f;J - ~(f;J = 1. ~L._(f;JuGurr~.~C::QJrralfJ. "i/6fu6lfJf)Q)Q) w(!!JuU1 6?JTrr(]j)fl)mfilJ UJrT 0)" (G~~U 160).

UJ. ~@. &. ~@. !iii. W@· ~

fj.G{6fT: 6J" ~ - UJfT.:!J/, 6J6lJrT- QJ - UJnlr - ~rT.

LJ)fTW W ~@ t.b G) fb®ffiJ 51 LDrru51 ®i>(b6U 8iQJroVI8;6.I>~8;c$/fJJ.

<=8@ 6TW~<9 G>c!FfTru. JjJ 6mQ)uS1iiJ ~®Qlm8i UJfTL· '9 tD(§W

Gurr ~C:QJ~WI (yJ rri\3j,i'fii.> G'1lFww{l5JUJrrLrnL(JUJ 61{Du urr&& ({)[l5I1>~6.

(ylJj)fT - QPLfT - rr = (;)u® W6ArUfT6m6"5T. "(Jt!Frr JlJl G16uU1

QlTfTuJ1(Jw u57LJT" . 692). 2. urrmfifT (U/rit.).

t£1LfT~~QJfi5)6TT u@t!~QJ61)fiTT <M.M. 90).

(IJJ@ - Gl wrr@8;@j - QLD"~&&dT = )fJlII-/J~QJ6V (UJrrli;.

~q.). ~ ~ G'lWIT@~ wrr~",L = ~ ..... /J~ - QlW - QlQr (j).QJJ.

Qwrr GritDfT~ULJ = Ge:"mQ) Gl~t61~~ mu~t;Tw (t5/"c:",w).

wrrlf!u&r = GU(!§W C:uw (UJrrli>. ~8j.).

~~ - LDrr~ - GlLDfT&~ = 7. WfJ&&f!JlJ (lLJfTli>. ~c$.J. 2. u(!!JLDfifsT.

~® - G'Jwrr<!lia;w = ~l1I-f,~ - 6lJiir - QlQr - ifJI (~.QJ.).

fTt!teiQr - G1wrrriil8iQr = sfilJl-~~ - QJAr - QJQr - 6·

G)wrrliiJ8iw - GLDrrffi/8jfTQg = U(!!)~IJIJ; '""H Qurr(!§Qr (a QJ.). GlLD"ftJ8)"Or ~QJg)'" = u®/J~ U8m<F~{fJQJAl61T.

54

QLDfTc$~ - GLDrr8;~;(f)r!1i = 1. U(ljLDW. 2. an.rflW6lf>w. 6T(!:J1~aq;rrfiiJ QLDfT 9;~r!J)UJrr~ 661,' , gu (1L.QJ.). 3. 4VJmrr ,JUl.

Q LDfT c9i6'(f)r!J) G u rr@::oGiJ = 4mT rt ~GiJ.

QLDfT c9;~9i#G5fT6'lTLD = u(!!J,j,{lI ~QLDrf1J;a;~ (lCFfT61fW. G:1WfT c!iirn8i8: a~fTG1Tl.b - LDJ;a>8i# C:a:rrGYTw - LDJia;fT ~a lrl?FC'rn:..I G'JLDrT ~m8iUJrrgfJ - W9>mCliUJfTGYfJ - W8;9.rrG1fl = uSIa; •

( 1lL.6lJ.). 0

(;)WfT8;6m8j - Qwrr8is;LmL = W@&&LDrTW4J (tfQJ~

(yJGU - (!JJ~ - (yJ~/!Jl. (!P/JffJJ~6iJ = 1. C:CFn-~~. "~(!!J~rfl;rl..b" (gQJ8J.

504). 2. ~GkrmtDG'JUJfTGkr J!)J GJ~fT@$lJ6iJ. 3. a;p5]®p51UJfT8J

@®6lJrT (yJ&tiJ&6Tr ~fiiJfiU~ S!L{D@8i61r ~~ G)~fT@{DGiJ.

"Lf{h~fr y/filo;. c!:pd;~". (4!Dw. 41). c!:p~ j,~w. 4. ~'7e{hfiiJ.

(JPii~ffiJ Qt!1ifTv/tr~~GiJ = 1. G)~fT@~Q]. Qu~~6iJ. "~a>Q) c!:p~{DffiJ

GL!J)rr6lr@9t6 ~~aLfTGtr" (flQJai. 2 .. LfQ)SJl~ruJ {6(g)Gl/~fiiJ.

"c!:pmQ)C!P/J~r&1 Q8ifTWW" (g6lJ8i. /J~uS1@~6U. "~fTtlJQJrrt.iJ

(JP.J;{DffJ Qt!JifTm-w" (Qurf/UJL{. ~07lT '. 23).

cYJdiffJJ - (yJ~iJ = QPj,~w (ki s . tOlJrru5l6iJ cYJ.Ji~ ~f;TC:611~t1/'

(i)®u4. 183).

cy;~~ = 1. ~LD~8;~. C:6lJ' . rotfJ (!P!2i~UJQJtbtD1ro1rr S1L(!!Jmr@ ~'7.L 6UJ6I)(lj .•• (!Jlj,~® ~ o;rrwum<F8>®w" ({hWluurr. 1:3:2). 2. G'J{DliJUj6lr6Tr G5J6"6)}fJ. 3. IL@ ~r:r~L UJGtf]l§U1Q) G;)6lJ6WWfiRft. "(l_pwm6U (yJ~,g;(YJ.!J)JQJ ~Q ~dr !J)J" ({brTfiUlSI-. 45). 4. 516tf1@;i7GiJ

C!:P ~ t!Jl u c: U tr 6iT !D W 6fT 6'6l m ~. 5. G16lJ mr u: fiRft c: u rr w!D

a;mr~ IT ~ /!JlbtfJ. " f!JJm£DuJll;" (f]QJ&. 1518). 6~ GlQJv;iJreyJ/J/lJlu

C:UfT~[D G'J6lJG1r ~L.L8; a;rrtiJ&wrrc!hu UUJDVU@LiJ 4iYf1w

QJJrf,gu 8. 7/8 6lJ6mL Q&rr~LC:~rTrT G1urr~rOOfJm!D. 9.

Q QI m-r (yJ ~ tt 6ir!D ~ t.b~ LD 8; Q a; tt U Lf GTT t.b. U1 G1r 61HiTT 8;@§

9LLLn4 LD (!jJrj,~u (]urrLL!f-®d;~!D~ (fL.QJ.). 10.

Q~drr~~ C:::urr{b €i/fDJhflJ GJUfT([!)6rr ~6iJ6lJ~ ~wmLD. "QjJ~QJ 6UJ6I)fjl) ~~ 6I)fjl)" (u fJ).J.

C!P/J • ~ = u®C!P/J~. "Urtu51® (!JJ.J;~!f, Qj)~@UJ" (ui/{b. 39).

2. tt ",,8i~,9; (Q)8irrL.6lfJL 3. U#61)t!Fc9;a;[b @(bfDr!J8i@!J

~®6'5JfifS)6TT. LDfTfiRft8i8iW. 67).

U@AlLDUG"lL,T([!JL LilarG66TfTL@ .

. 6DIW&@i - fi5JG'IT&&W, wi} - UJ~UJwJ t6J6'r)Q) - t6161)Q)UJw. C!P ~tb - 81. (!JJ.$~.

urrQJrrQIJTrT

55

c!p~!!i - (yJ~m{D = 1. ~(lL~ (@!J-ffJ. 2. <l~rrtbl!)J(!¥&1Q)L (wJ. Q'_'~ (yJ~~ (Mudda), rt!>J!)J(!j)~~w ufJJw = uS1/fJ/8i&w uY;)liJ.

G) WfT iJ» - G;) uut 6. G WfT ~Q LDfT ~ GGlIATQJ = j}r;r@]n'htb @)#uLJ· QLDrr D Glwrr ~GQJ6iT.f!)J W&OiW (c!Fmtiuo;6b) ®r;5JIA~rrrT 8i • .QJ.).

2. G)a;rr@th~ QJ611lr~ rt!J#u4.

G'1wrr ~QLDrr 4JIQQJfJT6U - QWIT ~G)LOfTG~6lJ. ~

Ql.DfT~ - QWfT/J4JJ. Qwrri>!!Jl{l>Q) = 1. ILfJ8;8) g6lJiJ»8;t$

dJlUJ-~{lj.u. fiTQ)Q)rr®<9 C:t!FlrtA~ ~QrrflJfTtiJ QWfT • LLfTtT8iQr

( g}_.QJ.). "et ~tTG) uxt j,~ tffiQsr!J)J" (8)WU r;r tr. (yJ~tba u. ).

Q~. Qwrr ~f!JJ. 8i. atDlT IJ)I. §jI. (YJ.JjQ{!j. f? ~ 0

QlIJrri>~ = t. QJ~~ffJ ~L!J-. "GWfT f!Jl iJ ii{,J) G)LDrr~:ffJJ~@"

([fJ6Uu.7, UrrLQ; 7), 2. 6'8ffiJ@{DfiiJ. ~QJ~ ~W QLDrrj,~u5J®~

~!D lIP (tL.6lJ.). .

Glwrr~~ - Glwrr~iI = LfmLuLf (UJrr~ Glwrr~~ = 1. ~~~~ - Q/w - QI," _l:~.f!)J&./!)Jut5I6iJfil)rr~ - QlW

- 6lI6Tr - 4U. 3. eyJLcJj.pj6M QJJ6TrW Giz? 6llm - II».

Q{Ij- Qwrr i>!!J (moddu), &. Qw· dda).

Gk. mastix, mast - ~Otf)fJ6 a=L.DLIlI-.

~ -~. ~~ J;s;i; ilIfILf· ~.G{6rr: Gls;rrwLf - s;wLf, ~L@ -

~L@, Q ~~LUJfTrTaUL",L - {!j61hfrmLUJnlr (JULfimL.

QL1Jrr~~O_ rr~r{!iw = 1. U(!!JLD~ (W.)., f;Jw;ffi-liimw. 8;LllI-tDairr6iJ

Gu» rr· u: C!§ ii {D (/v c: QJ 6liv (ji) t.b (Zl_.6lJ .) . et $JJl WI q <'F t1J u lP~ c: r$J tt 6U

G1~~ u5)®~~6iJ 8n_LfT~. 2. 9nL®~Q{lJfT~8>. C:~rttOl/ fiT~~rr fiTQJ6VfT®W QWfTthtjjw ","~{ljm61fT C:ufr? (IL..QJ.). 3. . et 6iJ 6lJ tt J; c!Ji fT uJ c!fj fii6) GYT lLf w Q LD rr ~ ~ UJ tt til 6l1J 6'5) fit) c: U UJ ffiJ 8; G'J 0; tt W (gJ_.QJ .) . fij)J fJ 6lf G'I r!F su 6lJ a; 8) rom 8;@jU u rr IT ~ ~ rr GiJ Q us iJ {lj~it6U @y=)l~Jl_5J '7 rr §P. 4. G U fT §P. bT6UGUfT61r>fJ UJ Lb Q LDfT /J{b wrTliJ~ il'· 19 Q)}LLrrGtr (IL.GlJ.). S. G)u®WUfTm-rnLD. GlL.DrT cJj~Q)JQ)Q) QJ6"W]a;rT (lL.6lI.).

"""",""'!&I.~QJ~. 2. Ga:rrwC:u{l51. 3. eyJLg,. rr· ,Qwrr ~m~.

GJLDrr~guu U1mrLw = Qw · QLDfT$f[)l 1,2,3.

QWrT${fJ6V = (~.urr.). 1. QWfTi>1h<iiM - (Qu. urn.

s: QWrT'~i) (rnoddi). Q LDrT j,,ff)! - GJ ion iii) "LD~iJ~a; QJ~6'ff 2. P34-8l8iWLf. 9)

- 'iJiJ()6)r!I) = ®~fiJ)I)"6lf)UJ ~l1I-a;®Lb r!FWLIJI-.

!6@ 08ffiJ@j G~uJlVilf6mL" (c!:pfiiJmfiUu. 59). t6l6&T LDi>iJrnQ;U_lft" (~rfla:l.DUJ. @jQ)C:a:. 54).

S6

(;JLDrrdJ~ - QLDrr~~6lTW = (UJrrfiJ. ~r!h.) 1. G;JLDrr~ff£,w. 2. an'·' th. G'lwrr~~w - LD~~th = ~@{i;{5L!I-c$®th GJu(!!jLD{Dffil~ (uSJ®~c!/jw) c::!)IfiiJQ) {f;I ~®fD61)6U (!PY)fT.

GJL1JfT~~ - GWfTtj,mff£, = 1. u(!9wGW (UJrrfp. ~8j.). 2. c: <fF fT tb.!J)J ®m, 6lJ) L.

Q~. CYJi>{D (mudda), &. CYJi>Q{D (mudde). Q

Q WIT i> fii4) {D UJ (!!j = Q!D L. (J)l (!!j . Q WIT i> fii4) {D UJff§U~ U IT L. (JjI j,

C:~p5JQ))L__LfT'i!sT (lL.filJ.). ~

G> LJJfT ~fiilf)~ - QLDrr #ViCf)~ = 1[JWl YJ[DrrL._(JJu u~~e;8i@!JG1r uSIa, G>LDrr~~LDrrfii(ff.:f!)J,· 6'8L.L6lJOIDljc$® ~w ~i!f-L6lJm!J.

G WrT ~(ijtf)~ - c: L1JfT iim {D = 7. Q a= ww{l5'JiUrT • . "C: LDfT rj,m)fiUJ fA

{h8i@t.D .ffL$lj(!!JW ~uu®t.b" (Q~rr6lJ. LDfJ 2). LDJPGQlrrmfJ (@}LfT.

gt_ em . 9) . 3. GlJ tt rn YJ {D rr tOri) Y; (yJr$J r;;6l LD L_ ru 6'51 rfI UJ tr {h .kL.

"G;) !b L aHilJ (OlJ Ii; 91fT c!:p {bfiV rr t8I ~ ~ ~ w kJ, c: UJ tr ~ Qf) ffh c: u tr

~(!!)uum" (;fJ{iJ. 211, 9L6ri>!J). ~

&. GWIT i>,fM. 0z !J

QWITi>,fM - QWIT£6.!M - Q ~ = QU(!!j~il.lITfii4)y,>; 8i{D~J;® tOT ~ fJ IT fii(ff .:!JI.

Glib· Qurr[hfD (bonta). (j

G,)WfT[h§JJ - GLDfTtA::D~ = 7. LD GisT Ch~ (UJrr~uJ 2. fYJLUQu~

(UJfTfp. ~8i.). 0

QWfTt!~~ - QLDrr· ~-"'" UJ,m = 1. u®~{h/!J/. 2. C:~fT{b.f!)JC!!Jmr66)L. GWfTii6tf){hlLf® - ~J QLDrr~~ - ~£ .• ~,...__

ULj ~6Il1J (yJ~~UJru 8imLUjffiJ 9i([!)6V!. 2. ~rt UJIT LD~G)~{15J ;'lJu51rfJ fiXfTrru5J~rrrt" (gQl8). 421) .

c:$GlJ) LtLJ f1il 8i

antha),

Lfl-uJl6iJ Q LlJ IT ~ fD UJfT u5l ® U U {hQrr rr ru UJ ~Q;fJ ~ U

. LD/J (math) .

...-- <, - LD~. LDiJ~~6lJ = 1. C1i6lf)L~ciU. ~'LDJh}1D fJr5JQt!JjfT@ wiJ/JfD{fJrr6tr" ~4. ~ffiJ8if7. 20). 2. UJ~iJ~rr{iJ 8)rnL~rpjfTtb(Jurr6lJ ~Cht6JfiSTfTib c:J.I6l>6U ~ ~a;ro5J l}"6lJrr 6i> dJI @~iJ 8i 8)~ U u ~LDrr 8;8iru. @y:>thi'6)~&@1i 06rrtD6'4l{D {fJQsr{DrrUJ LDiJ~~ mrIL@ (g?_.6lJ) ,

UrTQJtrQRITIT

57

wil-w§J. UJ~~6iJ = OiGYflUUrjljLDfT8i,9; 8i~LU@~ru, ~6iJ(il)4Jl ®6l> lP~Q). a,g: rr.f!)J {Droir {lJrrtU c: 6lJ8ifT r1J~WfT6iJ LD~ UJ65J6iJmfiU (tL.6lJ.). 2. UJ{lJtT ruJ®uOJtb® @6'4VffiJ@j~Q,. ~tOiT or""'iJ6iJ w~UJ WrrLLfTAT ( IL.QJ.).

LD~ - QJ. w~.

LD~/J~6iJ = 1. a;m4~ ~6UfiUUJJ t5J6rI>q{A~ @j67f>fJ)UJ9 mW8;a;LL1I-mUJ ~Q,6lJ,g,J 8i~Li:Jmu {Crf7tb ®my; • ILI@QJ tr ,9;®~6iJ. "wU/ ~/!Jl m wm UJ 651 Gtr W Q6lJ __ """.I'

i1®6lJrTGOrID. e!fJ~. 2).

w~ = fiT@~mw. "wUlOifiUtiJ Gl{D@{DU ULL_;:P~~. 60. 83). 2.

QJ6ffiLfl- LDlF®. ~

w!il- QI. ~. ~

w§'J - W8'® = m~8;ClOirr{b OirfiClUJrr@ ~OimrGlGmuj 8ifiUtiJ§jI QJ~Lq-UJ~i1tb ~@w mLD. 0

Qt6~ ws:s; (masaka), ~ ~

w5/a-,«!JutSI = wU/a;an.(j)I. ~

wfil - wu51 - VIDL.D = 1. 61J~1lI- .. c!1i~~{b~@t.h c!ljrflUJ 8i~Lb'-l

(~c9~6llTt1J). "mLDUUIlI-!hto fT@!JW" ((J1h6lJfT. 1235 : 10). 3.

6T~6W ~6iJfiOgp OJ'- '9 {b 1rf19i®y;tlJLj. 4. wIf,i)f]" G'6I~mu5Jtb

m8iUJrr~ffiJ 9iQ9w ueas :». t6Jm 8i@tffI!Dw, "w{lJQJtT rowu(§J

i1tdJr(1LJTW" (~,g;w. 89). UJLDW LJ67f)a;uJ/tf!)Jw" (LffDw. 117). 6.

@®w. "6IDLDU@ LD(!!J· 6ij}' LffDw. SO). 7. @®mrL U8i~LD.

"~LDu5J@ffiJ 8irrmu/' · . 43). B. r$([!>(y)NJffo. "Ge:(]U1fTar C:wUJ

m WQJfi6)!7 lLffi08;(yJ 60. c::!)I8i,Jj. 5). 9. e;rfI UJ ~ ® (G'lfilJ61r 6fT rr(£1).

"61S)w1!&Glu Gwrr G;)6lJ rr 8;8iG)Q)rr(£1" (4[Dw. 96). "QJ rruJIdr

l.DrrL{hG:J~fT!J)J • 61S)L ~~uu" ('-ItDw. 33). 10. e;rf/lLJ 6T®rnw.

"Qf)QJ®LJQ)rT W ",LDL/fiUW U1J"L1U" (~c$tb. 47). 71. 8i(f§6lJ>W8;®

@rn-LDfT 6-51mr (~(!!J. tEl.). 72. OjrflUJ &QTffi}8iw. "mLD~rt{A

{D6kT.Q)J r;;ir.f!)J" (r!b66Ji;. 55). 13. ~~J;@j. "mwu1l6iJ G)e:!h~~;t"

(8i661~. 85). 4. tbflJLD "~LDuiJQJp5J~QTrt" (4{!Jw. 22 : 8). 15. a;rfl&

(urrQlw t::: ~ ar. "mw~"'''{DfiiJ'' (!iJaartiJ. 457). 16. Oi(!!j(!JJ9i1fiiJ $'"

(UJfT' ~ ). ~rurugp tBGlJ8;& L6iJ/Brt.

'VIII'u..E:ollv,r'. r!Tr = &([!J(!JJHJGiJ. (!p£JGiJ (f!jw. 122. wt6l6'6>Q).

- LDc9& = 1. (!JJ5IfiiJ. "UJrr8;fif>cn LD~fiOUJfT@ wcg&Gurr[iJ !D • pSI" ({JjfT6Ut.q-. 28). 2. QQJ~ (!:pUJ6iJ. "wr8Gi1 e:6M Iff! dr 9)Jfi06l/ zb" &. 2853). 3. u~ (iJJffiJ.) 4. ey:>(£Iufiffl (@.6lJ.J.

9·C:~1T': SJ - a3!hD - ~c9o;.

~QJ. LIT. 12 - 3

· • 1 .." ..... ~ ~ • ··rl..ll:''' (. _...-.at'. ~

m~Q) = .~. mf)~'@QT 8QJT ~ L.lJbGOII\gLD. 12 : 85). 2. ~WlI

LD@ffiJ~~6iJ. "Q>I..D~.!fJ/ Wi5T IE AIr L QJ fT LLLr§J &6iBmr IT" (€1QJ8i. 2333).

. ."... . . "

6J>W - ~LDu4 = 9i@u4. mLDu4J!)Jf[Jf68i6W ourr;rwAlULDfTfT

(&rrc§g}uL/. ~rff<Frru. 2.).

mw8;en.@ (8"n-.m-(l;O = 1. er @~w 6lJ>L.DU4LI1I-. 2. 0iQ/m'

(JJJ/J/!Jl - CYJL@. (!JJL®1DQ) = 1. OTi1ttUU(h>~iiJ. "Ql6lD WlQJ)L

QJ~C:fbrr~ (!:PLIlI-~tb" (G~fT6iJ. 8i6TT6l/. 21). 2. fiTi}:· '. C':WfT ~

~Q,. "4)16b-6lf1 ~4PT '"" (!PL(J;1WfT r!J ~!j>" (!6fT6lJ~. 4). Q)ffiI®&Qr

G)8ifTwurrQ, ~rr J;@j~6iJ. 6lJfTt616iJ tfJmQ)UJfT6U ~61D6U ~6iIr~~.

4 1"""\ .". •• • " • • 50)

. \Dlurr([!Jf!j6U. ®Q)uum8j~QT (!PI '9 Wi5TfT6fT tr. /6'-4&. . .

5. (O)UfT®!hiJ~ GJ~rr(j)J~GiJ. 6. ~rrffiJ®{h.u. • W. "(!!)Y'6lJrrotr __

Alt!huJ1mw& m&UJrrQ)QJQu (y11' '9 LjJJJW" trttn. ~&~. 16).

8. (yJliI-~ 6iJ. "(!J1L.Ll1/- t6JeiT tDJ 8; @"'JD ~" 5111/1.1:/' (G> ~rriiJ.

G'Jc!ftiJ. 122). 9. tfJ6lSl{DfhoiJ. "a{fJfTUJ QJJL rrL.8!j> LDQ)fr~~LW"

(&fTcgg,U4· 8i(!JJQJfTtU. 79). 10.t:!k_~·. 11. fDQ)LUU®~.u. "G>QJmr(O)(,jffi6iJ~ wrfJUi (yJL_LJr~@Qlrt" (LDQDQJU(~t 564). 12. @j~jJ)J1Dil>. "(yJL.Lrr 6'5JtOiJr~4Il(y>'4-~Q.) Q&IiJi)Qi1tT" (gJQ)u. 15:197). 13. @L"UU(!)J~Q). 14. ~@~"'. 15. C:~@~Q,.

j!JffLq..,lPffr5J "&ff6ll6T'@~ /06!fl.vl#Irft'\. In 'Q./ffm

(!jJkJ-1li 6ljQ)&JGlJ6H (!PtO[!JA '-Jfcr-.vv.Ul6ir1J)! (a;iliuU'IT. &!Jtburr~. 7)

LD. (!JJL@a;. &~ (!pL@. (YJ L@ = 1. C!:P YJrfiI m WffiJ q," 6i> Q)J fJ iiJ OJ 6tT -dfj 51 UJ QJ dJ [T5I dl-

G) LJ tt ®/J.t!d. 2. ®65I UJ AIr Lr6J 8iW (ylL@ (!JlLLrr UJ8; 51 L8;

5Jwtr!fJw (fL.6lJ.). JW8i(]8ifT(hJ. 6U]QJffiJ«fj8i6Tr. Q&fTwurr.tJ

~rr &@jGlDc$ 4. ~61D L_(f;JQJu5Itb &Y;!DiU~" (Gl{hfTviJ. GJLDtiJU. 23). 5.

<!:pL._(~Jlj urr@. • ~@6tJ)LD. "<!:PL..(61alL cYJ@j,o;®w" (U/QJ8;.

1216). 7. ®al GQJ!j> 4Jlfi6ltDILI (YlLlII-W./!)J (JurrgJUJ" (4flJw.

166). 8. lJ) • @ (Jc$L_(jj>(!JJL.@ c!:p~.6IUJ ~L@o;Qr «(;}urffUJLJ.

~(f!j<!§fT~ ~). 9. LDfT~661LrrtiJ (W.).

(ylLL'4:z ~mrmLD (W.). (!J>L@$li.-b = Qf6®ffiJ~~6U.

~~...,.oL = 5/LL_/J.pjLL.

~~ ~GiJ = C:&rri61UJrrLl1J-ib G~rrtb!D6lJ~vmLUJ QJJLl1J-oU ~ rr (!!J:f,fijlfiil) Gl6lJar !D6lJar C:a;rr~UJ rr Q}'-9-:f,~fiil.

• alLuurr6UT = QJu1JtbA}{lJ fiBffiJ8i# QCFtUtLfW LDfTL@C:/Drnu. (M. D. I. 248.).

GPLL = cYJ~UJI <!P{iJ/D. "(!JJLL tEJ~jJQ) rE1A>fJ/J{D ut6!hrflfiiT" (urrfJ~ fiJ([!jL. 103).

·

u rrQJ IT 6IRJTrT

59

ey;L_L~;fDL_(£J~.u = 1. w[J /JiJ SJJW6JT U y;rilIa;QGTfQJ6lJfTQJ {bOGlfDlL/w LJ¢1/J~fiu. 2. ~1Jldl ~rriJ®~~Q) (IL.fill.).

(y)LL C!:Pl1I-UJ = fYltbtDl ~t1l eyu, 81QJAl[J. (yJLL_ (!:fJl1J- (] U tr 8i = @jJ)JiJQl61)".

(!:pL@ = (y)LLW = wiJ (y)L@i.JUIT@ (wi)8i® ) ~5JUJ

WLfi4>LD. , 0

(yJt' I t.b - (yJL.L~ = e!PL~ (w.). rP "¥

(!JJL..L~~~W = e!:PL/J~~6tf)1.J) (w.). ~

(!JJLLrrLt_w = (W.). 1. (y)L.LfT6rr ~~~~ ~tDlUJfTmLDUJfT SJjmrLrT®c9 G)9"@8i®. ~QJ~ (y)LL~~rffi'~{Drrroir. (1L.6l1.).

(yJL.LrrvJr1 «(yJL.(j)1 + ~ vJr) = e!PL~. "~6YrIJ 9;(J;""" ({i)(!!JuLf.

141). Ln. (!JJLLrr6tr. ~

(!JJLLfT6Tr2 = (yJL@LiJ {QJJLL!J-/J {bfT~~6iT, ~fTrfv®w !lL@Q/w, ~~(J;~iJ~ (Qlrr(J;6M~~~) .~~{6~ {6rrdiJ(!!JQI~ awnib fi4>QJ(J;(:!!jL.D ULfl-fi4>LD. (J;. (yJLL(J;;_ r

(yJL.Lrf)fi) = ~~[DmiJ (]QI(J;(1; ~(J;rr@ ®~tDlUJ) ~rf)iJ (IL.QI.).

(!JJLLLD = 1. Gurr®thi' zh, U48i5c!FrflQJ. "{D61flwmfilJ

(!pLL(yJW" (QU(!!)ffiJ. QJ~ • 3). 2. U6UrT 8rLL!J- QJfT(g>w .til1rt

( f!!jLfT.). ,. ®IJ ffiJa;~ 6i;r L • , (UJQJfikr (J8ifTu1I6b).

~.a!DfT: (!PLLfT = 1. W, ~Jl)J@6lJ ~L~. 2. Qc!Frr ii.l!Jl

(w.).

(y)LLrr - WLLfT - L._@i.J u®~, QiLt_LD 2. fJ.§!1rTrl;u.JlJ)6'rJW,

®.Q)J fffiru ~L_g]. ~,...__ ...... ,,--.. tt ;;4J/. 4. zuf]v;mw.

u5JLLrr -lillA. (!pL@{D6U = nn-,...,.,.,

~~fT (mittha).

6U, G)urr®[/;~~6b.

~.(J!fJrT: o~1Jiiit8 OS. motian, ON. moeta, Goth. (ga) mot jan, E .• eet, DE. mot~ ~oot, assembly.

E. witenage~ = Anglo ... Saxon national council or parliament. OE. witena.

wise e9 mot, meeting.

~~ LW = (!JJL@mc$.

~ f}:a~rr: E. butt, meet end to end.

• = 1lJrTffila;GU. ~.C:!DfT: ME. buttress, OF. bouterez, mod. F. bouteret, outer, E. buttress f. butt.

OF. abutex (but, end), end on, E. abut, border upon, abutment, a lateral support.

60

(!jJ L._ (j)1,9; a; L__ @ ~ 6iJ = 1. c!J) L._ m L (!JJ {lJ 6l5J UJ 6lJ {b m!D j, ~ rr ffiJ aiQ) rr 0; J; Q,g;fT@~~oiJ. 2. (yJ!pffiJcfJ)fT~'ilJJi 6m8)8ifiYTrrtb 8iL_@~Q). (YJL(£lj, 9i/' 19 ~L~rrfJrrG~ (gJ_.QJ.). 3. 6TrurnGU 8)L@~6b (UJfTy,u.). 4. Glly5J UJ61f)L~~fiiJ (w.).

(y) L._ @,Jj 8; L_ lJI- UJ rr ® ~ 6iJ = Q u tr til J; 8) rr tb 8i L._ rn L ~Lfh1hQJ·

tDM.!J)l

(yJL@a;8irruiJ~ (!::pL.@8iQ8)rr(f;ij,1fJ6iJ~ (!jJL@j 51' I _~ j &6lJrT (!JJ{h6'61UJ Q {Orr LrT Q <!F tr tba;w tjjfT ffiJ r!hfil; Qa;rr(l;)th~~.

QPL@J;9)L__~L, (yJL__@~Q1hfTtiJ6lf (eyJrta;dC_ (;wI1J-UJrr~LD), (l_JJL(Buurr(f;l (!JJ~fii6lUJ Q~rrLrt C#Qc!Frr{bo;w ~~~~~m61)lLfw/

(YJ~@(YJ~@j. (YJLI.!pffiL (YJ{!ju61tlJ Q{!jfT~8i6lr GlJ!pu5J®.i.

8jr$JrnfDlLf LJ); ~ c!)

Q~fTLfr ,JQ~rr{be;rotr f,L._(f;JuurrLmL '.

(y> L (£1 0>8) tt 6iJ ~ L@ ~ GiJ. (yJ L_(j;J . QJH:_ (£J#' ®~ ffJJ ~ ru

( QJJy>ffiJ a;rr rue: UJ~ tfjJ tDtD6lJ) I C!:PL~ U LJ I C!JH:_(J)16lJG6J, QPL® Q) J; a;w (yJ ~ roJ UJ Q {!irT Lrt ct rr tb (!PJP ffiJ Q;fT 6b Gl1J ~wH;~ mUJ UJ W

•• •

iJ_Jiim tt ~/!Jl LD.

(!:PL@{D6lJ = Q!D®ffiJ®1DG-lJ,

(yH':_@ - (yJ LL1J- = 1. GfiJ t;r • ®~~ {h Q {lJrfllLj WU I.S/- (yJL8i ~ UJ

Glf) s: 2. c!::p LI.S/-8; rom 8i UJ tt • rfil ®ii §jJ . " (!jJ Ll1I-8iroTr U LU U L"

(urTl;~. aGlJ~iJt;J. 56). 3. rr6iJ 6\Jc9>6IDW u5JJ!)J8i (yJLJ;~ ~GlJ(bp:51Gtr

W f[)J 8)LrnL roB} I) rn 9,;u UJ li/-c$@w @mt;;mUJrr 6"SIm ffi J;~a;.

(filruu. 3: 18, :!L_6mIJ)· UtSlLlJ-UJ61T6l/. ''(YJLlJI- usn ~i)t;f GLDWlLr;"

(G<!Fg»Lj. @fJfTLD . t51lJ1-U1(Qff(O)JrTc!h @@Lh ~lLIW (UJ#m,g:).

"(!JJL._~LJ@jW u rt" (;!D~UU".). 6. Ua>L9>C/i61JW U1LlJ-a,®w

a;u{h/J (;~rr~LUJ (ljJLLJJ-UJW" (urrfJ~· 29). 7. 'f}(!!JQJrT ~Lb (i(fJ8)llj6Tr w~[lJdJ~~:{h tr WfT c!1) dPUDJ Ih4U 8n.J!)l ffiJ di6"lJ)~ : 8. i) ®f£J YJrT 65J ~

laU-HUJ· Q ;{ljuJQJ ~ iJ rb(!!jW U 6'5) La,®r§ c: <!F rr.f!)l. 9. (!JJ!:pffiJ <!lilT tb

~ U t5J J(J rob Q U tt C!!>::h f[JJ 0

· 0g ~ u gp ~ ® GJ U tt (!!J 61fI1OM ~ 610 6lJ ~ 6lJ 6lJ /!Jl 8) m L (!!j Q U fT (I!J rfrr G LD {b U (j)J ~ su tt #i ru fT ~, C!:P L._@W u ® iJ u5J

L_LJ"'-'OL_G)j ~6b6V gJ 67 6V~Q)f..j Q u tt ®w c: ~rr6irr pSJ tb f!JJ.

1Al.I{o(]~1 9; a; .[!)J U U ~ (8)@U u rm- ) . 6T GiJ~)(,iULJljJ L.fT rf} I et 6U6"ID6lJlLJWL1J6'6T w Q u UJ IT 8) Gtr I ~ {iJ .f!)fT fr 6lJ rr rom rfI W 6T oU 61SHiV iJ Q ~ til QJ $i1ii>~~,J, ®¢J &@)w.

(yJLl!/- - QI. (!p~L9-.

.

UITQJITEm"fT

61

(!fJL4-c9J8irT6U = 1. (!fJY'rlu8irr[b li'JuUl ~6iJQ)~ QUfT®/J~. 2. (y)LL!J-c9;a;rr {iJ Ul6isT QTGU. (W.).

(YlLL!J-8;8ifTfiU ~L_(£1~6iJ = c!:p~ffiJ8irr tb ~ LllJ1a>6Tr 9wC: flJrrQ LJTQg .f!)J

tUJ&~6i>. (!pl· tq 8;CJirrruw = (yJLl1J-t9iGYr ;'hL@t.bU4- ~LU 6isT (W.J.

(yJ L_ 111- 0; S; tt {b c$@61S>{D = U16ir fi6T ffiJ &fT 6iJ (yJLIJI- lJ",Q-, U l1J-

• •

{ljL8i®ffil a;@6W~.

c!:pLL!J-q~6WmL = (!:pLLfl-8imc9iuGurrrT (W). (!j)~ c!F6f)c!F =

L.51tq_UJrflUI ~UJUJw. rP ~

(!pI' Iq UJl1J-~;?i'" = 1. (!jJLUJ-8: a=QRumLu5J@~"'. ~l1I-U C:urrrt Gl a: til fD Q) c: u rr Q) fill (f!j~ i) ~ i) mr LfT (]}I ~ fill. c: QI ~ Q),9;~ (!fJ LLqUJi1I-8;~!Orr 6iT (fL.W.).

(!:P Ll.!/-c9J&rT biJ Of ~ u lIP c: u rr ATe:!D Gurr®ii~{bC:UJ ~£Di.JUfT a; 8; ®p5!8i®w. ILLLI ...... Ulfifr",~ 6l1It;T{iJGurr®/.aw ~®Lb.

(Yl6Tr - eyJw. ~'€!!J{D6b = 1. Glurr ' . 2. Suutb.!J)J~ru 3. U1wffiJ

51firTWLJIDQJ. 4. u51®~6b. S. (yJAlfiMpj .' 6UJD C!Pl1J-8;c$ eyJ6RrLJTW"

(subutrtr. uxruurd. 96). ~ !l .. . .

eyJw - eyJL@ (UJ.~). e!jJL ~Urr®~ffJJ{D6t). 2. jJm6W~~6lJ.

j)mCF~fD~' "a;rTQ)Qc9iIT@~ • LJ epLlJI-" ((]1Jj6l1rT. 631 : 3). 3.

6lS)~~~Q). @[i;$68; (Jc$rr~ L__(EJ (lL.6lJ.). 4. ,uutDfD m6lJ~~Q).

"r!jJLlSJ-UJ ~" (!Drr6Ul!I-. 2 S. epL_@QlfPJC:urrdJ §:)QfT~L@1fj6b. 6. umq; eYJLlII-5 r!F • ~~. ®~ /PTmr@{D6lJ. j)(!!jQl®8;~W

fDfiir flJrrtlt e!j)LL1J-Q)/ L • rrg, (!!L.QJ.). 7. ~W06)!D5 G ~ s:u i;,!!»~6iJ.

"q,(§J®4 a;i)lrfYJ • ~. 8).

• •

fiTaruI!JILD

§JJ 8irrtbQufT®~4JIt.b

tn. e!j)L(£JS;. Q2fi. eg& (Muttintsu).

e!jJL_{§1 = 1. ~~--.,.......,..... (yJ~66JUJfiilJ{bt61w Qurr([!J~ffJI· "aJGlJ<Fdim~UJ

(8Jwu(JfT. ~LrrUJQJ. 113). 2. 5~iJu4 (UlfTYJ. ~8i.). 3. m ~UJ • . (J)1. " QJ ar !D tt 6lflg u5] ~ <!F U til ~ iJ {b QJGlJ ~ 8i6YfJ dr e!JH:-L~" (8i[i;~4' WL._~u. 8). S. Q;LLUULL.{!JI (W.). 6. ®iJ61n(J8> tretrtb (UJdiJ.). 7. W6'6TQQJ@#~. 8. QJ"a>4Pt6J~6lJ8; e; tb rn ? e!P!:i- (j)I ey; L. L rr til U UI rfI tt ~ a u rr til 661 L. L ~ (IQ... 6lJ .) . 9. Qu ~. e;L.LLU u®@.

~_. @.8i.e!jJLmL.

- e!fJL6WL = 1. QurrL_L_6mw. ~~~{E ~r;;mt8)a>61T«JLb

r!:P - LuiJ6iJ 6mQJ~!!lIa; OJL@ (9L.6lJ.). 2. Qurri). dJlrfI~ (yJL6l>L

61T G UJil>6lJrr Lb 6lJ~ l1J-u5JG 61J{b{l5J 8; c;, 8irrrom-@au trds ~ I' I rrtt aiQr. 3. dJI !J)J U f!JI U L L_ tii"m W U liJ- Q c!Ji tr mr L_ ~ (!!j c: <!Jj tr r;;mt UJ 6fT fiil/ . 4. Qu®Lb(i;JufTuJ. c:J>IQ/w fYJL61f)L_ UJGTT 8i8:}!DfTw.

62

a~Qla.a>wLb

-----------

Ln. fYJLL_. Qf!j. ry;LL. !fJI. e!j)L(lL.

e!j)LmL - eyJ67i>L_ = 1. QUfTi). "G'Jurri)ey;Q)LLt C:urrGiJp)J" (ULL!J-6M"U. 137). 2. uSJr!Ji<!T QCFp)J~fh an.6lJ8i(la;rrLmL "CJj@~GJ~[b.!J)J ey:>aJL" (LJ!Dw. 285). 3. an..6lJ5,®~rt. "8i~Ih(;)fIi[b.f!)J tyJmLuS!ffi" (Qurr(!!)[D. 245).

tyJL@ - LDfTL@. LJ)fTL@tlJru = 1. @m6m/JtDGU. "~t.bOJ rrLl1J-

QUJwC:/OM" (8iWUfJrT. t&'l®wuQ>Gl). 96) 3. QCFC!!>®~ • . " Qurrp)J

LDfTLIlI-UJ Qu®ffiJ8iGU QJLrT J)/rt" (fD[b· 19). 2. Q{Drr • fl>_ . "~(]}Iu

t5J64f]dr LDIT L@ uSl6lJffiJ r!Ji5l 6iJ" (5JrT cf§ fi) u 4· {D c!IJ (l ({f!3 t . LD~ ~ i'tb Ga;f161r~fhW "Qa=rr~lJJrr~fiV uJrn'7Jh4JJ LJ)~UJ Ul{Bm{h" (iJ(!!J6fiJg)q· &(!!J~. 8:10). 5. i>uu{iJ{Dg)QJ"~ ~~!iJ{iJ ... G'!qIhi> wrrL...LfI-" (lil J!)J u rrGW. 756). 6. ~fiff 8;®~~d!!_"f!jI{hf>iJ. "G'I!Ii riJ G>uuj~ LDrrLLq-UJ &Lrr" (®JDlth. 398). ~{D{Jjru. "6l1Jm(yJp)JUJ

LDfTL Lrr(J61fTrr" ({lJaf1uurr.). [Drn{Drr Lf) L_@ UJfTL..QLffi.9Jl

tom: '9 fillILLfTGW (IL.QJ.). 8. uUJwu . "rurirrw{!JfTW 6lJGlJ6U G6lI6UWfT LDfTLl1I-~m-" (g6).J8i. 1274).

GlJfi. wrrL@. ~

usn L...@ = G'I {hrr LrTLJWW C;;,jlr1beMr ~(!!j u rr L/.SI-w;V ~@"j;J (!!ju UJ~Lb Q[DLL1J-mLu5/L_@9; ~WlLDI G)urr®[h:!JJw QJma;u5Jtb Qa;rr'-@ 9n.LliI-U GUfT® • ® m@!J(Ij)~{D.

&llDliirlf)/QUff@liT tilLu ~ci/lU $61'Jwu5J§!Iw

,@UJiiirlf)/Quff@6Tr (_IfJ11f1J.J ~ @666'''ftbt56V

LlJffL(;/L66T QL1Jff#U . "J-lI!:jw 'U:uilil6ir (Q~rrQ). Q6uJ. 208)

(!PL@ - eyJLLW = 7. (!.JJ8iW (UJrTy,. ~8).). 2. G>lIrT8;<!hUU61l6b1

(W.). 3. ~!D® (UJfT • . . 4. SiWWc9J ai®Q)J Q/6l»C1i (UJfTtJ;y. dPlr!h.).

fYJL(J1 - (!JJLLrT • • LfTm = r:::!JI~~UJrr .{fJJ 61f)QJ8;®W Q{fJ®ULj

• •

~LLL.D.

(!pw ~ QJJIll - - UJ® - (!jJUJffiJ®. (yJUJrfiJ®~6iJ = 1. Qurr®th~{DuiJ. u(!pAlfi\) ~~ <!pUJr6.tQj~ LDUJriila;" t utiu.ur. 6:20). 2. ~@6lJ{DGiJ. "(yJUJriJ ~~GYT Jft8;Qj" (®!D61r.1238). 3. LJGmtTflJ6lJ. "~fJJ~6iJG1Jrrdr

AlUUJ @W l1.JySJ" (c!h6l5l~. 144). 4. Q~tiJ~~. "Lf)~6l1J6'4)~ (yJUJrfilc!h

661Q.> ' (@GYTfT. /fJJT J!)I. 100).

8ifT6iT~$bru = <J)6"mGllWlW LD6m~~UJLDrra; GJJrr(p{hru. (w.). ~~.(_!JJ"'- (y>UJ&(:!J = ~(!jJ6lJma;. "GllGtf}uiJmL au rryu:.J U LJT ~ (!jJUJ5,®" . 7108). "(!jJ~4 WIT ~QJU uUJdJi' m-fT6Uflillmr (yJUJ8i9jWrT eutttt" C7ll1O~tU' m&uL/. ~fT L@U. 48).

(y)UJr!T,(!!j - (!JJUJ&8iW = 7. ~@6l/m&. "GUrT([§LG'/U61hrrLfJ-rT QUITIl.uhalw (y)UJ,$c!f,u/' «(:!J{D6Tr. 913). 2. 4rmT rt ~ ~. "(y)UJ 8; t!JjilJ GJ u {b fDQJ ySJ" (Y}r6J.

63

" LDfOOirf}-",,-.... LL>®L. 5).

• () •• 1 ." ,",....L,.. • •

(yJUJOic!hW - '8 OiCJ;W = . c$Q)uLj. QJL\DI lFfTrool Wtu&&(!J>LD QI(!!JQJQf(

L/fiDT • ~ (8iro\>ltUlT. 62 : 18). 2. 9(!!j G6lJtbJ!)JfiflW UJ(!!jL/ wtbGl/DIT(!!j c: U Qurr®6Tf1tb 8iQ)~~6i>. (l6lJtDlf)J"U.D LDUJ&&W. ({66irT. 317, . et @ ~ 4»1 i.J 4 fiR( IT # Ul. tLLAf) mQ) G;h.DuJ WW UJ 8;t$W. ,_,. ... ~ tfl(j5)Q) GlwtilwwUJ&8iw.

QlJ)liJtiJWIU& ~L6IfJGlJQJ fIJJJ(JQJffJlljj 1"trL.Lff(§u5l6iJ 61fJ(!9UffQJ LJ)UJ&(lpLb (JbfHir. 110)

93 . .!LGlSlI;T). 3. G{Drrt__!TL/. "~~Qlj,i}Qr (yJ1U&SiWtDJ!).J" (~~m8iuLJ· !6t6iJ. 110).

(yJUJI6J~ - wUJtiJ(t!J LDUJffiJ®~GiJ == 1. G)~@IiiJ®fbQJ. 2. c9i6l>~~GiJ. 3. §)~~6U.

"CIlfTrfl®Qr LDtuffiJ@W~ C:wbGf'1UJ6lfr" (urf/UfT. 15:50). 4. 6lJ) • ~6iJ.

" ~ u51 ~ 1D 6"'4HiV LD UJ tiiJ 5J UJ 10 6lD 6lJ UJ rr su ffiJ OJ tt 6'5T ~ /IJl "( •. 9 ). 5.

"wUJffiJ8iJm fiillfTliluLJ@!Ju/' (L/.(;)QJ.10 UJ{Du. 11) 6. 4"'ffr;;irr LDUJffiJ~fTfiiiriT (6JfiUrT 2). 7. LD®~~6iJ. 8. aQJtD QI wrr~6iJ. 9.

QQJ{!51 Q8>fTQr@9~.u. "~rrLDUJffiJ5J UJfT8;a;~.t!lI~ ... QlITW

~fT6WtDfTU C:urr a;<t5611rrfr" ({DrTQ)UJ-. 327). 10. UJfT J!)J~fiiJ. "C:wrotiJUJ

fYJw 6Tr c!::p W UJ ffiJ a; rt ~ a ~QI rT" (a; 6iJ Q) rr. 82: ). 1 b tflvm fit) UJ yS1 $h6U

'\~G1rUQJfr 8i6lJ8;®!D LDUJffiJgJUJ ~arQSTrrL_" GLD. 23 : 704). 12.

fill(!!J{6.:!J1 ;?)Gb. "(yJUJriiJ8;QJ 6U1 LfT ~ 6ll16D)QJQ UJ diJ5J" (dNCliw. 26).

13. ~rr 8;@j~~~Q>. "a;rrQrufT@ LDUJffiJUJ • OiL G)QJQT" (urflurr.

8 : 31). 14. §JlLI.fl)J~QJ·1S. ;fJUJdii®~Qj. dPI urnuu urrITuutDtD@J

LDUJffiJ®5J!DrrGiT" (tL.QJ.). 16. ~~Tlt tlfi1 GU.

W UJ riiJ §iI m 5'.j: GJ e; IT .j: 5' e;w = tL~(/rr WUJ riiJ §iI UJ W uSJ 8;(!'!> w ®"'!D~~Lh QJ(!9w Qa;rrr#a:&q, ~.!l

(!pUJ8;@j - LDUJ9;® = 1. (lufTrrQ ~i)®tb4661 WUJ&®{b!D" (0;..sJ/..

48).2. 8)rua;e;w. "CliW"rrUJUJ8; ~." (LD~GLD. 11.704).3. W([§w-t

Qa:tUtLJ~ Qa:uJ~8i. "WfTUJ • LDUJ9;(J~" (i}.u. i}(!!jQJrrw. 8:7:3).

LDUJ8;®1h6lJ = 1. c$6UiJ~6b. ' UtU 4Qu8)!f, C:~C:QiTfT@ LDUJ&5/"

(4tDw. 34). 2. c:~n-~$liQ}. 'I!_ t6 ~rftLDUJ8;51" (Cl}f1QJfT. 1189:4). 3.

LD Qf{ riM ® IP tb u q G) • . "(§ flJ m 6Yr c: U ~ I.J) UJ 8; 51 6llJ l1I-~ t.b "

(tDfTQ)l1I-. 189). 4. 8 G>(Ft.lJ~fiiJ. "WfTUJ LDUJ8;(:!!J LDUJ8;8)fT

G~6iT~QT QJc9 " (j;J6iJ. ilC!§QlfTliJ. 8:7:4). 5. (jQJtD!f)JQlUJu

u@~.:f§J~6iJ. (8) • I;JrrQJfiATfikr(Je;fT. 51). 6. {iJ6lf)Q) G)8ia>~~6i>.

rrl1l-LDUJ8;~'" (~&tb. 6). 7. ~A)~~{lJfiiJ. "fiT®mw " (§Jr5J. 99). 8. IL6RTIT clUJ tD1y>8;8i6 Q9WfEJ6lJ. G!6rft~G~fiIT LDUJ&5) ._ ~A>&I>~rr6iT" (CliWUfJrr.

64

..

4. ~®urrtb a;QJuurr$!UJ dJ)I66J~{!jwmw (W.). S .. :~I!D}~6irr iJrfJ4. 6. dPI pSI UJ treou» "aut uni: QQJ(:!!J6YfJ LDUJ9;a; uS} blf)QJryJw!D 6M rr LDrfiJQe;L"

((!!)!Dw. 360). 7. 8lrrull[DrrtiJ (~®. If!.J. 8. llLGm"IrGlllfj)ULj.

wUJffiJ8i - LD<!FffiJ(f!J. LDe:r6J®f[JrolJ = 1. LDUJtfiJ®~~ «(J~QJfT. 567 : 10). 2. §)61f1 @j~ Jl){!j6lJ. "e: LD~ u5J 6i> 6lJ6irr ~ (!::P LD<!F ffiJ 8irra ;?iTT" dPlGUJrrii. 11).

<!J-> UJ@j - Lf)UJ <!!J - LDr!F ®. LD CF ®;?iru = 1. (Ji 6rn" ffiJ $I !ffj. ~@ LDfT .f!)J ~6b.

LD8'@j = Jlj@8;&Lfil5lib iJ65>8' G::hrfium /PI ~~W{!J ~LW (UJfTsj)uu).

WCFffiJ@ - LDCFffiJa;6i) = 1. Uc9i§WW ~r;r6lJw 8jfil)~{hiJu Qurr@.{fJJ. 2. LDUJ8;a;w. "LDCFffiJ8jtbCFW~ lJ)~mL8;~1l!!)(a~QJrr. 567 : 10).

WlFffiJ® - LDIF8;@5. LDCFJ;®~6lJ = 1. ®y>u ~ ~ LDUJrfiJa;,J QgtiJ~.u.

"6'6 m",t61C:wuUJ £D (!JJGlf)fD LnCF 8;<JiGl/ W" (i)__ • . 838).

wCFa;C:!!> - WCF8;&W = 1. LDUJ8;r!fjW. 2. LD LD 3. LDCF8;(ilflr!Ji.

LD8'8;&W = L.DlFrfiJ&roiJ. ~

wUJ&5! - LD<!F8,~ = ~YJ8jrraJ)J~~8;8jfT~t.h WUJc9;®UQJro1r. 1.D8'8;fi4)8i = @jfil5l8;@j ILfiWL ~8;&W.

QpUJ - LDUJ. LDUJ/J~6u = LDUJ oU. "LDUJth~C:G1T ~6tJ8i QlfTY,Ji

A>8jfiJ)UJ" (~(!!JL_UfT. VI, ~iJ!Dar. 14).

LDW-LDUJ60 = 1. 8J1LJf!J6lf. "w grr~iJ" (L/,G;}Q/.9:7). 2. LDU1&c9iW.

"wUJ.6JQJr&1@jt6 gpTUJtt" v;6lr.121:2). 3. LD[l,~Lb (llJfTY;. ~r!JjJ. 4. ~6'6>CF.

"~fiiJrLJT LDUJoUQa;fT (j)IUfJt6 ~r;r{b!D" (<JiQ)Q)fT. 20:6). 5. 8;fTLD

oBI mY' 6l/. "LD rr ~ rt .!!)J 6lJ tt It s;mr w(!!j6TrG 8i rr <i6JT L 51 t! m ~ "

(i}(f!)wt/>. 203). 6. • l!J- (mLJ~iJUJw). "wUJ{bGu®r!J 8irr~G'16lJ6ir

(lUQJ)~8;®" ( 6lJrrliJ. 4:4:10). 7. W"~UJ. "WUJfiUfT(!!JW UJrr~

w/15KJUJuJ" (. . !DfT~urr. 258). 8. dII#~W (lurr!J;. J)/8i.). 9. GutiJ

( U1 rfiJ.). '~~ {lJ. "fiJI wLJfiW G&rr 6f'l::hUJrT usrt tiJ..!J)J W L.DUJWlJGI7 rr"

(gfiJl&.~

ui. LDuJl(!!iiJ~. UJUJQJ, &. LDUJ(!:jJ.

Q)8; = 1. LDUJ&&W. "LDU1{bfi4)8j u116iJ6lJ61.J1t" (iQlc$. 1346).

2 (gQJ8). 1393, IL~(J).

~~ LD !T. LDUJrT~iO = 1. LDUJr6J~~6i>. 2. iJA)&"'~6iJ. "fi6)QJ~ ~~!DQfT C:~fTGQJQST QJfT6'UfiilJTr l.DUJ!r!h~fTr'r" (o;wu(JfT. @WUOi.

44 . 3. C:S:lTrT~6U. "wUJ@ LDarQT6lJQrr" (o;WLJr;TfT. ~l7atsRUJQsrQJm~. 1 . 4. lL6RTrT QJIP~6b. """Lth~6'6)m UJuSliirJDaT Gl;JfjlJwuUJUJlUtt!i~" (&J6~4. j1(!!J6iJ. 80).

..

.

UJTQJrTQm"IT

6S

LDUJ IT = LDUJ 8;e;W. "LDUJ [J ./!)J 8i@jffiJ aifT LIJa; 9iL6lJ6Tr" (U rf1 u rr. 15:37). LDUJtT - LDUJrtGlJ = 1. G5fTrT6l/. 2. ~p5J6lJLDUJa;8)Lb (UJffiJ.). 3. ~p5JUJrrmw (~@J@jrrt;;5rI.b). "LDUJrTQI{D L.D~{b6l) LD@6JfJru-6tu" (i16iJ. i1®QJrrtiJ. 1:7:1).

LDUJIT - LDUJrfJ = 1. ~p5J6'5I6"6l. "uxutits. 6JT~Q)fT;?jfTrT" (@

2. Clirr QJJ8j~. "l[)UJ rfl r$w Q CF tt tbQ U tt (!!)Qr QaJfT~(fj}" (

3. L5J~~~. "£El~UfTG'iJ Gllrrffila>fT Q!D®~W LDUJrflGWUJ" 75).

WUJ6U - GmLDUJ6U = 1. G)a=61>QILD (!JJ{!j66lUJQJ{iJ[DfT • Qa:@&®.

" • .• " (a 589) 2 · ., • 1"'\ •

rnwUJGlJ .. N. LD6"fT6U6'rf ~<iitl8). .. 8)fTLD LDUJa; . WUJ6lJ V>ICFUJ

Gfhw6Wm LDmffiJ8i<Olllt{lJ ~fTa6W QUJ~~w" ( 6iJ. (!!)QJfTtiJ. 7:2:6).

3. (]8ifTLl1/- (mu/J~UJth). "~LDUJ G60fT@6lJ • • ~tb{DrrGi./' (®{Dw.

838). 4. UJrr~~ LD:fl)W. "G6l.IJI) ~WUJiW~ Ll(!!jrfil. 1!L@J~a=8;.

37:232). 5. 8i®~LD~fii6)~ (W6tOru).

m LJ)UJ 6lJ QJ IT = t5I ~ ~ tt . "m LD ill Q) G).lfT LD QfT LbUJ !D {i; {D QJ 6lJ) eli

G1a=rr~~rrr'r" (fJ6l.Ia;. 2013). (:)

~LDUJfil)rrr'r = 1. t5i.Ji:fl)r'r. 2. WfTUJ G61~. "~WUJ8;@j LDUJ8;@j~L mWUJbVrrrt" (@f7®. UJfT8iU. 3~ !l

filJ)UJUJo6J = LDfTUJ 6l5l~67fTUJrr ~ y,. ~q;.).

rrtb. 13). . 53).

mLDUJC:mrr9>a;LD = ~UJl7u uS1lJ 8;a;w" (G)~rrru. G1wUJ • .

GlJ. "fi6lWUJ c: tOlfT rr &a;w U LQ./ (!!J , fl _ _(;;~)f7).

UJUJ-(06)LDUJrr. GmLDUJfT ~~GiJ - ffiJ®{D6l>. "LD"-'tT a;rr~Qr Qf)WUJfT ~~

Gl ~ c9 a s" «c!!j!D Gtr. 111 2l:f} LD@rfil ~~ 6iJ. "Q)) mr(J to G)Q) fT ""'

GW6lJ6lJrT mLDUJrr!h rfiJ~" (4.QQ/.9:13). 3. Gurrfi6l6lJySJ{D6U.

"l.Drr!h~ Qf}"rmu6lJ @ WlQ,-{l5J mWUJfT[h~ QJ£h/i&tT" (a;fTc9U]uL/.

/Ds;(lI}'{iJ. 101).

• •

(!JJ6ff - LD6'fT -

6tr@)~tOU = 1. §>~ @j6lJ)pJ~GiJ. 2. @jm{D{DoU.

I~ • (Jt!Dff6I'JL (s;tbulJrr. t$rrIT &rrQ). 104)

LDW@) - @@ji!iQ) = ~fiffJ @)~JD~6iJ. "(!JJ/J!fJ/J G):fJrrAlL

_0 • "..0

&roVIy>L/ (ismutr. 6:16).

w@® 0LD • (c!!j. w@riI®{DQJ = 1. 9GtfJ ®rn[D{D6U. "s;~Ir~ LD@ffiJ5J

fTGlJUJJ(JurrfiiJ" (8)6l51~. 146). 2. Qurr6l5JQJySJ"Gi.J (~QJfT.). 016irrp5J LD6'ID{Dth~C:urr ~Q> (W.). 4. G8i@~Q).

~ - LD@8;@j. LD@8;@j:fl)W = ~~ @jm{DUJ8: G1a=tlltJw.

~'I @j-W(!JJ&8iLD = ~6YfJ @j6'IDtDfiXDaJ.

-....,....,..~® - wffiJ®. LDffiJ®~Q, = 1. 5'otfJ @jOlS)JD~QJ. 2. tKltDrfil (!Jar .!!)J{DGl.J. 3. QU(!!JQ)w ®QS)JD~"" 4. @j6lJ)!D~GU. "~rr& LDffiJ@j~ 6"6ISr~LDUJrrQ)" (6'5I{6rTUJg,Lj. 80:94). 5. QJ(TLL(!:PJ!)J~Gi.J (W.). 6. Glc$@~6lJ. "~6'6IA>6I1~

66

G1$66iJQQJW~t.b C:UtTWriiJOi" (iJ([!j.!JITtiJ. 19). 7. IFfTtffioV. "LD~&i1'4 QJJ{bu65Jj,t§} QJ>y;>ftiJ6lJvV 6l5) Lif16b" (i1(!!JU(Ju IT. o:{h. LDL..@G>1J ®~. 7).

&~ w&® (maggu).

wfil@ - wFiJ&6lJ = 1. 961f) W@.9;&W (o:~. ~8).). 2. ~ C:{6lJw. 3. Gl&@6Ul&.

wffiJ®rkJ &rr6UW = Q/GTTrM@jIOlsr.!J)l"'"rrfiUw. "LDI5J® .'~ --<...Jr.

Qurrriil~ 8irrfiUW LJfiJft" (u!J>'>. ()

wffiJ® C {fJrr tiJ QP&W (q Af1) = QJ tt IPIPrr Qfla, (yJ~ /!Jl DJ Ij)fif)f)"

UJrra.r@ ~diJ® G;]lFuJlLJW G{6rrUJ(yJc$Qr (g:.vJ) ,

wffiJ@j = 7. Cl&@. Q,z;. LDffiJ~ • .s. uffil@j (banku).tP~ (W.). wriJ® - QJr6J® = 1. CwAflt616iJ LDffiJ&6U tffiflJ W dL(!9w 9@QJ~&U

UAlLGurrarp G~fTtb!Dt.b. 3. {DrTluetG>e:rr

tDt5J(!!) - wffiJ®", :; 1. 9gfJJ; ~QJ)!D 2. mrQ~rfJUJrrQJff!!)J §)fii'If1

~(if)JD(6{lJ (y)@uAf). "wlil@vb ww " (4.(;)611. 9:45). 3. ~®L._6J.

"wti1@jQJ LDrruL/6f;q/' (4!Dw. 3). A- 176lJ (iJwrr.). 5. ~<!9"'L

(y)5)f1o. "LDIiI~a!D" riJ LDfi9fI LD rtJ~@fJ8 ~" (a 1[1611 tr. 41:7). 6. &rffu

QJ"fifTw. "LDIiI~Q)QJfTtiJ 686fT L6U(JUJ" (i)®~C:8irr. 177). 7.

QJ"QH(;)QJ6"If1u u&c!Jiwrr 5101 IF 4U1ar wffiJ ®w;61 6JTv;s){DGlLJfTf§J&"

(~j,. 105 : 25). 0

(!JJQr - (yJtU - WtU - mw = u4. ~®61r. 67f)WWmLD = &@6l»LD.

~(!§Q/fr6l)LD. 0

QDLDLDA>W - 6'f)LD ............ 4 = &~~®GYT6iJ. 8)~ Wr6J&.u.

U"!TQ)QJ&~m!D. "VUf'~ ..... ....,.. .. ,LDuU1 QST~.f!)J ®®@" (uYl. 298).

AlWW..t> = LDrrrnGUGfbfJw (UJfT(p. ~8).J.

~LIYQ) = ~!Ai) G[61Jw.

'4-I.'1;;J~.= t. LDUJ&8iW. '" wwwfrQc!J)fTmr LDfT {Ij:1fj rt ci; <!Ii ~ tiiJ &"(t§w' ( "'111-, 14). 2. a;fTLDW (W.). 3. s;Q)Q)fTQ)w. "8ifTfi1WfTd;

~(!!JL1J1T • tUQJ{!JJ LDWWIr" (~rrwLD~. 24). 4. ~UJr.Tw (LiJffiJ.).

"unbu: O./J)JI!} w(!!j{h~ 8ifiWLlTlir (G{!jfiillrr. 845:8).

~ • LJ - WULJ = 1. WUJMW. 2. w,_._t.q..~{!jlilfTw. 3. QIF(!!>&(f!j. UJ wUa)u ~LJi& GQJ6RT@W (tIL.GlJ.). 4. (!p5JfitJ &JLLW.

\8fa~~ LDU,-/ (mabbu) .

....,_~,@j - WL®. LDL._®~6b = 1. LDUJrIiJ(f!>{D6lJ. "WL._5ItU ~~61)~" (r!J)wufJrr. Al~Q). 5). 2. 96YfJ LDffiJ~$5.u. "~fT&~i1w QJ~g 6lJrru5}w LD~GUJQfT

Urr6Urr6eTfT

67

LnL_®<OJJrr~" (g,iliufJrT. ~(]UJfTii. 12). 3. ~@8;8)mL~6lJ. 4. 6lJ6'6I ®cm jJ)J{D6U. "fDrf/UJ6l)fr CY;A>6rfWLa;" (UfT(J {D. WLg'J. 176).

~.G!6rr: G>6lJW - QQJQr@j - G)6lJL..@j.

LnL(!!J - LDc9i®. LD8;®166U = 1. ~""' LD@ffiJ(t!J~~. 2. ~@. &J!)J~6iJ

(W.). (;),fj.8i. LDc9>@j(maggu). 3. 8)C!!J~~u<::urr~GiJ. Q J;!R

~L._L.JfJI. 4. UJIh~LDfT~6b. "wJ;~UJ <9rr6M~ ~UJrr6iJ" r!J) • ~/J.

90). 4. Q8iL_@u(]urr::o~ (W.). S. ~Yi'~6b (W).

8rQ"t G;)QJ'4-ut..i)6iJ dJlfiIDL8;(t!!jW ~mL_LD~. 4. L.D c: fiUt6Jtb <F[!4J/

G~rfJUJfTwQ) ~mLJ;@jL.b Bfw.

W8;@j - W8;9i.m - w£i;::v.m. ~ 0

W8;@j - W8;9iGiJ = 1. 9i([!j~.f9lLJCiufT>ilfT Q~q Q9iL@UGUfT~

~rfI~. 0

®{lfIU,-/ : ~C!!> c!1i(f!j~!DI 9® ~6iJW4P c9i6lf16iJ C:~fTG1g!DQ)fTLb.

wQr@j - WfTW@j - wrry.,®. LD(1JP®1B&c~ ~~vi.> (W.). 2. Lf)UJffiJ®~iiJ. "®y>p5/ wrry;5J" (8iWUr;TfT: LDfTtTr!FW ~237). 3. aCFrrwLf~ru (iJ6lJrr J. 4. LDrfiJ®~6iJ, Q(1j@~"'. "~{Di£ C:QJ6W@t.b §)otf1wrrlP®<9

(;)qtiJGfilrnfjM" (®!Dw. 653). ~

U.& .. LDrry>@j(g). CJ

LDrry>® - wrry;rr. wfTYJrr j, -. ~GYfI UJ@ffiJ®~ib. "t;6fTarrwi/C:UJ ...

wrr!J)fT~~ C:{Dt.h4~UJfT6iJ' GiJ. ~®6lJ"tiJ. 2:1:6). 2. LDU.JTiiJ®~6U.

"WfifTffiJ&6lJ6lJ Ulmp5/ UJ rr{t;Q @!h~" (Qurr(!§~. 95).

WfT!J)fT - wrry>TTwuQ)

~..... 8;8iW (~8i. !ffJ J .

~QJ = 1. Q8)Q;)~6i>. 2. o;Yi'~GiJ. "WfTWfT 6516kTu mu. 4: 7: 2). 3. cdPIYi'?i6U. t.4~~u66J~~fT~W

• • " ( If') 4 7 3) 4 .".

IT U ffiJ <!Jj 6fT ,.,. \.9' . :: • . CF tt ~ Q') • fill C9 CF

____ ~v_T~ 111- G iJl) 61rr" (~® 6lJ rr s: 5:93). 5. (ylLfl-~ GiJ. 6.

UJ ~ fJ<OlJ. dII /!J/ ~Gir QlT rrfib WfT6fT IT §JJ (IL.QJ.) .

• •

LDfT6TT@j - uuretr. U)

1""'\ • • " (h') •

\D I QJ r;;rr etr LD $lJ,6l1.

ill tr G'fT rr ~ U Lq(yJmrQ)wCl

G'Ja:UJUJ

LDfT61r -

~. G{ljfT: <e: fl1I& - G!bfTuJ. G {ljfT~61T1Lf LUX.f = G{ljfTlLf~LQf LW4·

1. ~6'1fJ LD~ffiJ®~QJ. "ue;QgWfTUl" (c!T.o6J~. 143). 2. &QJi1J)Q}

• QJ®t!~~6iJ. 3. ~!DUUfT@u(!j)~wiJ. c::!JIth~ C:6lI6lS>Q)t67ol> G>a>rrmr'-9-®J;5)G/DAr (tLJolJ.). 4. "w!D~~Q). "WfTUJfT LDrr@ urflg].fI)JQggfJ" (4!Dfbrr. 139). 5. LD6lJ)JD~QJ. ""'~.l!)JLDrrtU ®fl,f;iGUJrr(6J" (LD~mr;r8;.172). 6. ~Yi'~6lJ "®l1I-G'JUJrr@ ... wrrwQJtt tfJQ)d;~" (~!Dm. 898). 7. (j)!D::6~GiJ. fhwGJUlfT@ lbwG)ulUtt Q&fTWrLOfT/r LJ)rruj~a~rrtT" W6m6lJU@. 553).

68

W .. , Qtli .. , &., 6 .. Lf)fTW.

LD IT tiJ /J~ fJiJ = 1. W 61f) !D iJ ~ Q) . "CJj gf} .!J)J LD IT tiJ ,9; ® ffiJ 8i iJ rT 8; 8) y> afI " (LDf!)lQ5JIJ,9; 247). 2. QJC!!Jii.{!JJfl)Q) (tL.QJ.). 3. Qc$ITQJ!W~"'. "LDrrtiJ"~ G6U6liJTaJfJ QJfT li.J(y>alQ) {!j[!,~/~ (i/6'iJ. ilC!!JQJ tnu. 4:3:4). 4. dJ)/ ySI ~~Q).

" • .. 0 • • • ('1) ." (h=') 5 54)

@jr;rwmuu.J14Jl WfTUJa;a;. LDfTL\J)LtOlfT ~,®6lJfT~.: .

UJrrtU - LDrrujQ»8j = 1. LDUJJi8iW. 2. QurrtiJ/J (J1DrrtbJDw.

UJrTlu - LDfTuJg9Q, = t. QJC!!Ji;~w. (WJ 2. LDm{lJ6lJ (c!F 4JJ~ (UlfT/;j).

~&.). ~

tornu - LDrTtilLJL-I = 1. LDm{DGl/ (W.) 2. CFrTGl/ (W). g

LD tr III - LlJ rr tU<OlJ = 1. LDQ) {D 6lf (~Lrr .). 2. 9 tt 61J " LD rnil 6lJ tffi cl 9 UJ Lo QJ!6~y)J" (0; wur;rrr. @t;TfT6lJaJrW QJ~~. 182lf ~ 0

WfTlll - WfTUJW = 1. 8i(!!j6lDLD (8iJJ)JuLf). (@, ~ g;/wUJOic$w. 6l1JUJu4.

8ifif16l/.. "LDfT wrIiJ Q&fT6U(J6lJrT 6116iJ 6111 "''iff • C:Q) IT" (liIQ)u. 16:61).

4. ~m6l)t61w6U)w "6TWWrTUJ UJrT 'e {h~L_ L/8;«!!j" (jJ6iJ. j1®6lIrrliJ.I073). S. GUfTtiJ. "QJ!6$h ~~~ LDfTUJc9 Q~ut5J" (Q~fTQ).

""""Gl/. 22). 6. d91tDJUJrTmLD (~ 'r8~ "LDrTUJ t8liutilUJ fiJffj{hmfiM"

(Cf,wufjrr. Ulj,iJr;r. 51). 7. QJt.@ . LDfTUJ wa;61f/iT (!JJUJJi®~' (®{Dw.

918). 8. LDfTQj)UJ "QJ<!!Jt6i)L Qqru.ffJI !EJ@)wumQJ w(!!jffi1®

4&ChfTQ'r" (a»wuv-rr. WfTUJfT 6).

LDfTUJLDrTfiOW = 1. UfTqfTffiJ rrc!FUJ- 3. 6lJ~<F~6MUJ6TrfitT cuor«:

• • •

LDfTUJ LDrrfiUi.D - WfT UJLDITfiUUJ.

• • 1 • ~ • _..o • /"'I) • "

wrrUJLD - LlJfTUJfWT = . . 6lJalfT~(!:P LDrrUJ WQJbOIlQJ~ \J)5UJQf(

(1"'"\' 30 &;'). ". Q"

\D1$6rrfiO. tLQJLD.. . fD,(!!jLDrrou. WfTlUmfTUJ ... WQJfJ6l.J fi'MfT&!

(G$66lJfT. 1050:6). 3. · &~ (OJffiJ.).

([!jLDfT6U. "G> u rflUJQJ6lJ) aT LDfT UJ6lJ6?f>taT" (U/6lJ U. 17, ULrT&ma;U f;TQJQ,).

WrTUJ6lJoTr~~ UJ tf/{D(!JlmLUJ6lJoTr. "LDrTUJ6lJmr (gLDOO(gUrT6iJ"

( ""~/J ~ ~rT6rfI. "WrT UJ6lJ 6fT tt LfJ-UJ W(J 8;a;rT eott LiJJl tl/' (fiJ 6l)u. 6 59).

o

LDrrUJ' - LD(P UJfT6irT = 1. &®tffiflJ(y)67ilLC:UJrT~ (urf/UfT. 3ao I, iLrnr;r).

2. ~ rr' "LDrrGUJrr", C:LDUJ c$rT@67il/D UjfiUc$(!JJU/' (Q~fT6iJ. ~a;~. 5).

= 1. CJj ® tEl {D (!P 6'6> L UJ 6lJ 6Yr . " LD IT c: UJ tt G1r (!jJ ~ fij(f) ,g;

..... ""r.a.LfTL!J-" (QUfT(!!J{h. 14). 2. LDrrmLD {fI/DQj)~LUJ6lJGtr. "wrrClUJrTGTr ..._........- tB8;liJfiM~" (~ffiJ. 145). 3. QJr§<F&:1 (W.). 4. 8"JrT61fJ.

LD • - LDfT6'{f)UJ. ~.C:~fT: <FrTtll - stresuu. WfTmUJ = 1. 8ifT61fI (UlrIit.). 2. LD06>!Duurr[bfDQ) (~(Jr;rrr~fTt;;5T Cf8ii)J - (~rrLD~u. 753). 3. QUfTuj~

U fT6l.I IT QUTrr

69

(J{hfTtD!DW, 4. Gurnhdi C:~rrtb{lJGlJ®. 5. WrTUJr:9;c$Q)fif) (LJ)rrUJ0J1J~~{D). "LDfTGmUJtDJ Q m-rr6Jfl~::D LD~a ui c9ia>6Uth61S>6'lST" (LD6lflfflC: Ln. 18 155). 6. QJc9,g:8)W (@LfT'). 7. fYJfiV (!jJfD~6'5>flU (t5It;T~®iJ) "kt{h~UJ LDrr!iJ~flJ LDfTmUJ (!JJp:,Q61J~urr sq6l)rT" (~fTUJ. urf1&J,IJ6m"rT. 6).

6lJ=

WILJW ro6I®uU1w~LDILJL.b)·

@ L ~ <rn to ILl Lb 8j tt 6lJ ffiJ ® {!5J ~ ~

70

(!6rrQ)~. 397). 9. &Ll1I-u5J®~{DfiiJ. "UJ~ a,®r!iJa;ff65T LDQ)fJWQfT ~6f)8i1P Qlrrti1." (&661/J. 25).

L.D~-LMBTW = 1. 8n..@m<!n. "or~Q)fTtt l.D~th~6'4f16iJ w",nlllurr8J®)..b" (&fT61o;. wc!Ji6'lflrr. 10). 2. ~6krt5Jmrn-!Ai)m~. me;J;HJmw. Qu®th JjJomfi6IT 6T ~~Lh LDfiRT6lJma;. 3. ~.!!)J [DrrtbfDw. "LDfiW £OfT IJ)J

(G)u®WUfT6UT. 354). 4. !f>J!)JLD~U GlUfT®6Tr "LDViWrtua; •

(LJ)~Q)fJ 8>. 447). 5. LDJjJUY "Ufim"(!j)GTrW QJ~J;C:8i f_J)"fililffJ (uy». 6. !DwVAf}6I)Q). "w&51 W(iDfffiJ ®mQ)~~" ( fJrr

81).

W6OTw6'61 = w(!§8iG)a;rr(!JJ!6/!1l (wm6U.)

LDW - w.!!)J. fj.C:/bfT : QQJQr - G'1QJ.f!)l. QQJGTr 0G)QJ{bp5kxnru.

LDJ!)J - W6I>!D. LDA>/DfhQ) = 1. j)®L®L LJ t)!tJl Qc$rTGlr@!J

~Q). "4~Q)LDm!Dd>~ (g6lJL__@QJSr LJLU) • .!J)J (®flJG1r· 274).3.

(J~rr~!Dm;,~fTlIJ~6b· "(9fTuSI.f!)J @LW !fJu/' (16th. 239).

UJ6mtDj,f[lQ) = 1. 961fJj,{I)6U. "LDR>!Du~oir e;fTLD~mt7J" (®/Dw. 1253). 2. &>(£J~6b. '~~tDflJLh LDmflJ' e~6b6Up5J61J" (®flJ6Tr. 846).3. 'IDI QJfT(JfTLDtD &rri;{D6U. '~(b)Lb .pj& ~tb{Dth w~!Duurr ~I lOLl' (®flJw. 1029).

LDfilS){!J = 1. LDQD!fJ6lD&. 2. WQf)!D iJc!hw. ,"tf;J6fD/DQUJfi5TU U@QJ~

LDmfDU/fO (Jp5JUJrrAlw" (&fil5J . 3. W6lJ)[Dc!i;6lDc!5. "(6)Ju5}arLD6lJ>!D8;

G>o;rrfitirtL_" ('-I!DtD. 60). 4. 0; Lb (~&.rfI.). S. G;)UG5Jr~p5J. "~I11-u5J

.61@th~ wQ}/D wrrmrmu' @LUfT. 1. j)diJ51fD. 94). 6. 9;fi'ff6l/U

4Alf1tt1Ul "W65>JDUJ9IJ fJ 1M6T!D~ ~~af!j" (<<!>./!,)J{h. 97). 7. tL(!!rJ;8if;T!h~

C:a;rr6Uw. "W6U>!DQJQJ gQJ&. 2027). 8. w6mJDo61LW (e!FdiJ. ~&.).

9. LJ&i61LW. "QJ •. .. LD6Gl!D4s;rr /!»" (@j{iJ£Drr. ~QJ. ~&&v;ir

C:6lJQrG61. 44). 1. /D&8n.LW. "LD6'4>/Du5lAJL 6lJti~" (8i[!,~Lf.

fifJ t;T QJ" ® r!F UJ 11. QJ@c!FOJ)fi5T. "LD 65) flJ u51 tb flJ AT UJ tt IPC: q; LL

" (a;.-5J~. 143). 12. LD~!DQurr®Qr (@(J9)~UJw). "LffDuu· ~ LD6IlfD'" (®/Dw. 596).13. W6mjDQl"8i# Q5tUUjW

W~~fJ~· • 65>W. "j)fJrrW6"5r(!!>LDAl!D8;®" (~&w. 70). 14.

QUIT!!JILD' t.: j, GlhrfllUfT{D LD6m[D (i;)urr®w Gl8ifTmrL LD;1j6l1lUJGlJ ~P5J 0 (i\)O wfiIl{DGlwrrllJ {hrrGfifT wif,i)'7 Glwwu" (Glfhrr(i\). GlCFtU.

176) S. rfJUJ GQJ5hw. "dPlrorrUJ{b (l&rrL 6lJ!h1hfiWIT L1J6lD!D~a1b"

( u. 20) 16. ~rflUJ G;)wuJuQurr®m ~~ (ILUt6JLfDln). · D !.D6J)!D!B" (urftUfT. 3: 66). 17. ~rf1UJii Q~fTlPiirW(iO){lJ ~-&n&.IJtb). "WQ)!D(!pfi6)!D UJp)/tA~ 6lJP)/66JAl6ST ~~QJ<!!Jw" (~rT~. 35) .

. ~p16DJUJeiJ JjlT6lJ. "~t;TLbU1dT wmfDUJ G;)QJWW65TrTrr LjQ)QJtt" ~fiV. JjJTQrr, 33).

9·(J/iff: 8iQr - 8)rT - &(!§ - 8i(!§fi4)W, 8idr - 8j6TT6l/, c$Qr - <Jilt - CTJIJ - &'76l/.

UrTQJrrQAJTrr

71

wrr!h$h@w ~o<J,tDJrnmuu GUfT(!!J6Tr8;@§W LDfT!h~6lr)/]" ~6bQJ§I ~ o~ p51 m ~ u Q u tt @jQr & 61fH;.". (yJ L_@QJ !p ~ 6lUjU UJ rrC: QJQ v UJ rr ~0lJ rrilJ I ~ 6tJ)fiU ILJ th ~ 6Ul fit) c: u rr Qsr!D ILci ~ U U @j ~ lLJ • 6lJ1fi jJJJ wrorr fLJ!)I UL! W ~~c!hQ)(!:pt1:J C!:PL1J- G'lUJ6lf1 U Q UUJIt

(lJJL1i- = 1. ~6U)Q). "~!!UC:QI U/QJ 6ir (!J1L11- (] w[b !D rr dr " ( i)a,. ~(/!)QJrrtlt. 2:8:6). 2. ~L6lJ/r 1L~U1J; @1j@u51 (UlffiJ .. 3. u6tiJrLf-"

G8irrmrAlL aurr@Li:J §JWUfT.§J)J6W- tLt!F~u1JQ) • t.b wui)tT&

OiL(j)) QJm8i (~QJ(f.) 4. :!h6mfiUwuJIlr. (!:PL1I-8; 8ifT • 8i (fL.QJ.). S.

wu51lt. uwtDJ(y)t.q- (1L..6lJ.). 6. ~mQ)t6lQ)~fL/Lb LD~~ "(9rrl6ltb !1J6AfJ QI~UU6"5)l.Dth'ih ..... ,-/mfilfT(!:pUj-" (urfl urr. 13:2~ ~ UJ8UJ. "(!:PUJ-6N1 C wm61QT Iii4fJ ~ JJ)J YfJ" (8">WU trtr. .s L._8'I. 1 ~ {Dffil 8">mu.j; ~@t..6J (UJfTlPu.).

6l1J fit) ffiJ@j wu5/ m t;T ILJ tiJ (!:P liI- GJ UJ rokT !D ~ I Gl r!F tr 6lJ Q) IT 5J us t6J m fJ <!P L1I- G> UJ Qrr (;)c$@!A1fJ UI tiJ&rreo/J{D{DfT ®w.

()TQrU~ ~L8;o;rt# L&&(TLa,o,Qj QlIP&

....._____..._,.-

• • •

~rr fD!f)J <!:PUl-l eyJL6UlL(Y)I1I-e:&

c!pl!i-G)UJQg~ Lh G)a:rriiJ QlQD

<l6lJrTU G'lurr®GTfrr&& Q<!Jirr c: fhrrw tDJ UJ{ljfT ®w.

#UJ 8'n.L@q GCFfTtD&61fJ §J»6irQr

• •••

Q)Q) §JJ &flJ!!)J ~QJ fiTQS1U6lD~

c: 6lJ G'1 !D fT ® G a: fT 6iJ.61 fi5f1 AT .IJI

~L_L_wrr8j t&1tb®w Gu · 6lf]rokT JrL#lRiJu®i1 ~QJtbg51Jb~

(!jJLJ1._(l U fTW tDJ C!!J/J~Q)rr • I.!I- Gl UJW U U LLfJjI. I..DA)QJII.J6il

QJfTm (yJ&LAlL (JjJ~~-..~ 8irr~l1I-@uu{ljrr 8iU UfTL6l/W G))lFrrQ)Q)

6l/ th u@~GJiJ &fToW (yJUi-8i@!Jw tLUJ rT !h~§JI G,)o;rr@(Y)L9-

C!P liJ- Q UJ olST ~ ~ vi> ~(!§ G> U fT ® 6lfl Qsr C!Pl1I-QJ tt fif1 (j) J!)J i) u

U @jiJQ)UJ c9; @j tt 6U I §)® Q)J 6'6) QfT (!Jl11l-~QD Q)8; ~t61 &etb

65J66>mci Q§fT • &6l/w ~o~~ ~QTi.JUI· I f!JJ.

· i;J~ ~61ifTUA)6W fDrrC:L" fiTar~w 32 ~tb ,_,,,u

urn': tLCFU/8i ~@uSlfilS)UJ8i ®tDJ8i@j@; GlCfIT6iJ<:Q), Cl6fT#Pf*

!D6lJrfiI51~ ~~tb Q~rr~L C!PL1I-Qf)UlLlffiJ ®tDJ"~iiJ &lTAli It.

c!pl1I-~' 1. ~JW~UJrr ~Q). an I' I Lb C!:P11I-tAfDfil/LQsr ~Q)QIft c:U"V

6'51 • .QJ.). 2. (!Ptb./J)JuGUJ!)l~.o. @QJ 651~~LAr Q6~1J>#

......... 'ouv.. 5 0 ~w ~ ilJ W LJ CYJL1I-5J fiir!D 4iJ . 3. t61"' fDC: QI.[DI ~Q).

~,._~ 6tr p51 fYl AT !!)J tb (!JlUJ-lLI c:: I..D ilJ " (Ii IT Q) L1I-. 250). 4. Q IF VIU ~t-I~ru. @UJSJl$lJoiJ. @j.f!)J5JUJ &rrQ)/Ji}ib fiTdr",rrQ.l ~51 G,l#Uu ~UJIT ~ (tL.QI.). S. QlrrYJ!6rr6tr (lp11l-~!§J @!D~~' «&aJ<:filNt .... .,., 8)AI1QJG>6STfT(h) cYJliI-UJ" (4.GQJ. 10. U/IDuL!ijJ. 9. G&lTeJ· <. .MiP'~. eyJC:QJ{!~tr ~QJ(lj)Lb 16 ~t.b Jj/TtDtDrrAIrGILR@ (I:PI.f$~ Hi,· I IJ.

72

~.a!Drr.: UJrr@!j~6iJ = ~{D::h~6U, Qe:tiJUJ (YJliI-{lj6iJ; ~UJ§JJJ~~, UJ. (yJl1J-8i, &. (yJ lSJ-,

(!JJl!I-l>~roU = 1. (JJJ{b!f)J Q)J /J{lJ6U. .1M' 6iJ (yJ@QJ ~ 1DlLJ t1J (yJ W uut rf!j~ il tb @j 6Tr sr @ ~ (!JJ L!J- ~ f!U 6'51 L L fT IT (gJ_. QJ .) . " t&J ~ fii5T W ~ (!:pliI-~Q~~ QQT<9<!F~ i1Ln-(!J>Ui-~~rrar" (c!hWUr;rrr. 2. tfJ ~ {D c: QJ !b J!)J fD 6iJ. " ~ ® Ih G rpj rr ~ GlJ c!:p lSI- UJ c: lJ fT .......-....._'"~.,_. Q8ifTtb!D~" (LJflJLiJ. 171). 3. ~~/Jtjj6U. "C:c!Frnm-~UJ , .. (!:fJ 8>®blJar'"

(c$wulJfT. u51i)m6lJ. 98). rr ?\

(!J11.S/- - LDl!/- - LDlSJ-",GiJ = 1. <!F tr rliru. "Q/ru6U ~ LDli1-~ GJ UJ~ 61fl W LDrT!J)Jj;lI'r" (8iwur;m. ~i18irT. 6). 2. ~~{hGU~~L1I-~:!!JI ®£D!Dw

Glu®®w" (®!Dw. 604). ~d)

LDl1I-~{hru = ~~/J{!j6iJ. "(!:p'7Q~()Vrr wiSh' ., 8iwuf_JfT. {ljrrL5{J)8i.

35). c=)

(y)L@ - LDL.@ = 1 dP/fiYTfOlJ. "LDL_@ • Bi Q BiTT liiJfiIDBi LDrTcar (TIt"

( 8iLDU IT). 2. tKJQJ ~v;rr6l/6lJ~c$. 3. 6lJ i1I-GlJ r!i;(]a;rr rT WL(JJ6ffi

LfTGWfT" (C9rr~QJrr. GfhGlJrr. 1).. · ~ wiJuLJ. S. ~L8;8)W.

6. g)JiaiW ~6Yr6lJ WL._L(TliJQ~~® (W.). 7. ~uLJ. 8. ~.ff)J6mUJ.

9. rp>rr{pGl/. 10. ®mfDfilj. ~

'fj}iirC:fDfTQLfT~ JI)J (!JJL@5J u51G6VGUJ ~Qg{Dw tE~ dP/6lTGlJ

Gtbrfl{h6U r$fT~8i.

W., Q~. &. LDL(f;J.

LDL.@ - LDLLW = 1. .12. c!FLDJ61~6'lJ. 3. ~Glr'iJ1fC:a;fT6iJ. 4. 676Um6V

(W.). 5. @j~i!JlLDi1U • {bCFW) (WJ. 6. 9u4, CFLDQQJmrr (W.)

7. 57.!J)Jmw WLLU . I. II. 184). 8. {DfT~6lJ. (;!)m[!J6lJ. 9. ~LJ;8iW.

10. Gt!FL@. 17. {IJ@ • 6OlQ). 12. i1JI)J~I;J#' ®i16'6>t;T. 13. ~~rr~6'5Tci,

@jLUJ- (UJfTliJu C:(1 ILUJIJ(yJ~6Yr {6Jrn6lJ. 15. QJ(T6ff>f/J. 8i(!!JWLj

(yJ~fi6JUJQJ{b • jJ)J (W . .). 16. eyJwG'ltvfT ii!!J1mLUJ ~fTWW (~fiUU

3:1S1~ ~ . 8)Lo;W. 18. Gurrdr LD~uilfiM 9l..!f)JULJQJ6W9i (W.J.

&.LDL~ ~

LDLL~~, LDLLriI 8iLQj){hGU, LDLL8: &QJfr, LDLLc§ G>~tiJ • OL._L~~t;Tt.b, LDLL~ ~L_®;:DWI WLLJDlTGlJ, WLLU -..- ... _. LUUfT (QwrrLGmL iomq.), LDLLuQUfT~, WLLW

~~ • I LLW UJL!J-~{Dib, LDLLW C:urr@:!D6U, Lf)LL C:6'lJ61n6lJB; ~~, LDLL ~6lf)!J)u46YfJ, LDL..LC:Qlm~ CI:P~ro6IUJ GlIlPa;®#

IF • aim6YT c: {IJfT 8;«!j&.

(jJ LDLLW = t. ®.!l)JWLL_8; @j~~fJ. 2. ~GTTt.DU®6lJ~a{Drr6ir. ~61TLDLLLh - ~""QJL_L.Lb = @J~61T(§~.

.

u rr 6l.J rr GmrrIT

73

LDL@ - WLUJ- = 7. (~rr (p tf,~ wi) tffJ 6"6)6l)lLfroirViTr) e!:PLQu '\:f!)1 {l5J UJ tr {!j ... f?_Y)LWLUJ-" (i/®uL/. 195). 2. u®wullJ-. 3. LDLL!J-Jia;rrrrnlJ. 4. wa;(f!>. 5. ~@rfil!i:l~5lj)LJ). 6. WI· '9 6lIrr6"6)~ ({DfTc§).

. . . ... . . .

LDLlS/-~~fTQT. LDLl1I-~m~IlJQ), WLLfl-U LJ6"5> LfilflQJ, l.D

Qj)rpjo5J UJ QJ !:p8;@ja;~f)(T c: {Drr ~8i.

Q{!j., &. WLL!J- (maddi). LDL_@ - LDL_~L = 1. uUJm[b{lJ - tOllrrn- - 6lJ6lr - ffJI. " ~ .!J)J j,:!h Q:!l> GiJ6l) tt w a U I T ~ W'., (611l {D 6l5J G"5I (£J . 8 Q{DGiJ. 3. LDL_LLDrr~ dJlrflg).

WL@J; BiL@::fjroiJ. wL@J;@j uSI@jBT ~ ...mu..~J; (gBiIT6'6WW, wL@BiCa;rrGU, LDL_(£J~ {huLJr$JGU, LDL_@{D ~dr!n, Lf)L._@uu@~GU,

LD L_ (£1I:J i5J UJ- ~ ~ fit> , us L__ (£J LD i) U LJ ( rf! UJ IT fOID fJ), LD L (])J

LD~ UJ Li:J, LDi_@ LDC!!JffiJ® (yJ~6l5I tLJ 6lJ ~r$ a {DIT B;®r!Il.

(yJ~/fJltjjiU ((yJL._@~6iJ) = Qurr®{h,gu Q), ~~6U.

(YJ-$/Pl ((YJL@) - w-$/Pl (WL@) -.~.

LD/J/lJI - LD~iJ· w~i)~~GU =

LD~~ - L.D~. LD5)~{fJ6iJ = 1. ~ • . "LDfJi6T ~~y>Ih§P 6lJrry,[DrTw

LD i) III fT O(f) LJ) " (i) rf] a; (f;1. 29). . Qj ~ $fJ GiJ . ''.::~b L 6lD (;t) l1J f;I Ii ~ tt ~ ,.,

( 9i!h ~LJ. iJ ®6l1I6?I>6TT. 1). 3. I/~ LU@~.:fJl r{ljGlJ. "wr;;m rOm' IT tOtr Q1 fT ~

LD@1f,~u51C:'76M" (@(!!j .12) 4. ~Y>®;'hQ) (iJUJrr~I>{D6iJ).

"!D!hi)UJr6J ®fJQl6*6>fiJT i). Lb'" (mJ{DrTUJaiL/. aiL6lJW. 13). 5.

~~~GiJ. "a$DrrLD~ · Q)6"lST 65J6lImrLDiJr$®l1J~" (8i~~. 126:7).

wi) - fill. wi). uS1 i). OE., as metan., 0

ure.

zzan, ON meta, Goth. metan, E. mete, to me as-

wi' = 1. wi)u ' · wi)ct ®o6le:w" (@17®. UJrraiu 92). 2. @tLJtb~Q;

U1{l5J6lJ. " • u JW"C:6lJrr @6lf>LUJrrrr&@j" (®!DGfr. 636). 3.

u(!!J-Pi~ ~t6I6l5J wLG!6~ao:" (~6lJrr s: 5 33). 4. dJlp5/lLfw L/ru~

(intellecg tDl6lfalLG:ilf)w. "LDi/ml.D s neotr LD®L_~t!1i {DfT6DTGa>"

(G;/fE>1T • • (;)lfQtiJu. 7).

= 1. l.DiJ~~{!5I{!;t!JI ~8iUJfT@!jw .fDlT6U Q!D{l5JQPUIDfD·

~ ~ t!b W/5(;L1J &LL 65rUL 6iJ wlf)Jt§lbliJ

~ ~tf/bW L£J/b(;wtP Q&IT66hr@ lD61J6Tf(J6lJ IT c::$¥ liNffLkf-iJ ~6lfT1T ~ Jl!f)Juau

,@@6lJtT LDIT!J)IC:&ff6Tr r;@/bQJ6V 56l16flC:6lJ t5Jj!Jff!f;llJi; r§tPpJlEi smi): Qj 6,T6fJ6NU

t5JpflQt§ff@ ULlTdJ)I6ir ~6irL1J/b1Ei Q<fEIT6TTC:6V. (JDm. Qurr~u. 11)

74

2. ~ wmw t61 wmw ill wmLD( LD jf)l mLD) tffimQUn6ln6JT LJ)iJ.Jj~p)I ih§J 8;mLuUJ ~8;®ffiJ G)r!Jj{fQr65)8;. 6T -@ :

g]6)JLD~W, ~(!!jWfTQJ w;fJw, 8;L.6lJffi"r LDc!JW.

(yJ/J1f» ~6i> = Q u tt ®/h/lJ/;f)6lJ, 8i",~~6i>.

• • • •• •• •

(yJ{!j ffJl - UJ~ /!Jl = c!Jj6lJ U 4, c!Jj6lJa;e;w, LDUJ c9i8iLD , LDUJ 0;&

t5J~~LD. wUJa;a;!l> {!j(!!>w 8jQr, "rfilr!li6Tr~rr UJUJ " t5J$$h

• •• •

(yJGW L.tt 8i®LD !!ill! w{h 6ln~.

a{!j~. "WL@6lJfT UJQ)/y,!A{D ~fii1iJrLrrrt" (€/Qj8i. 4 . WL@6lJrrrt ®Y;>6Uwmw = LDtOmfiVUJ8j61f}6kr QUUJfr8i<!!96Tr w~. 3. @~5fT 9)1.

"8i([!jULfLDL@ 6lJrrw LD@~i!P" (i)(!!)QJrre=. 5 : 8irrLDO; ®l1I-ULJ·

"WL@6mL LD~LJ)S;Qr" (~GlJa;. 98). 5. 6~H;lJ8i®c9 ~rrl1l-

"LDL(f)JQJrrtiJ i)fDUU6l/W" (4flJw. 113). 6. {b®t! ~ffiJ8iGir61fJtb®

(l:PrflUJ) ~.f!)JLD~W. "LDL@ tCQ{lJrr@L.b" . ~(J®6lJtb. 23).

LDrj)/tJI - LD~1DLb = 1. LDUJ&o;tD. "LD~{!j 61f6fJGfDrrIiJO;~" ((]~QJrr.

426 : 3). 2. GQJp51, s;fiffluLf. "LD~'?J UJfTW" (i'®e;(l8ifT. 388).

3. UJrrm6"5T wfDw (iI@t9>C:&rr. 8, !T ) 4. G,)u:®a;® (Lrf). tEl.) S.

(]o;rrL.'-'I- (mu~iJUJw). "us • rnIhQ~rr(6) LDfT6l51QJ G)6¥AT6?ST"

(iJ®QJ{f~. 5:3). 6. c$®~LD~m ' · fli6M wrrwQ}([!jw LD~l1Jth QJvifTlr" (J{!j 611 tt. 923:8).

• f •

LD~{!jLlJ - QI. w{!jfD.

LD~/!)J - w/IJ/ = 1. S;61r. "LD.:f!)I th ~~LJTrt w5Jy;#U! (JUrTfilJ"

(Q{!jrrru. QUfT(!!>w. 11 . 4~S). 2. c:~m. "LD~6'5Jar ®LffiJ&@!JLb"

(UlruU. 25:38). 3. uug c!:p{!j615JUJQI[bp51~rW.ff)J r!JjfTuJ#~

t6l/D8;®W QQlp5J/Btr ffiI. ~8iJ. 4. ~(!p~w (a:ffiJ. ~&.). 5. @af}a>w

(~c!Jj.). 6. utm sib ~tDw) (c!FffiJ. ~8i.). 7. ~~LD~t;JW (LD6W6U).

Q/. LD~. (madhu O. meodu, MLG. mede. OHG. metu, ON. mjathr, E mead, alcoholic-li offermented honey and water. Gk methu, wine. L mel.

honey. ~~

LD~~Lb - ~~. 1. w~LDUl8;e; LD~L~~6lJ6iT. "~{lJ!!~QTrt C:UrT6lJ

681P~f!jQn~ r;r" (urrfJ {D. tilmlJ· 102). 2. ti1/J~r;;U. "LD16:!DC:i1f1~

Qu LLHiUwrrUJ" (~rrUJ. QUrTar~HJ6T. 35). 3. eJU@Jidi

~~ . "OJ~::DrfJ~ LDUJffiJUJ LJ)fh~rf1Qr LD~~~ (i)(!§GlJrrs:. 153).4.

~~ '61T6lJ<ii6r. "LlJ~~~ r;rrrGlJ~HiM QQjfT$J~~rr6iT" (@fJfTLD{fJfT.

-"'=---..... 4).

., .

~~tjjVi5T - QI. LlJ~~.

LD/J4» - LD~i) - wi' = LDUJ8i8)~ Qs:tlJILJW i)ffiJQiGtr. @u QUfT@6Yr QJLG1WfT¢luSJfiiJ ~6lJm6l).

U ITQJ IT QRffrr

75

~.C:~rr: L. luna, moon. L. lunaticus - E. lunatic, insane person. E. lunacy, insanity.

U6BTGmL8> aifT60~i1 QJ. {Elf>UQQJrrgfl UJ rr tb (ls;rr LliI-UJ~ f?([!j r$<!!J/J4J1 ~Q)<9i (IjJ~ ~ W U I]" v;5/ u5l <!!JIh?'>!P1·

LD.f!JJ - LD~W = 1. 8i6Tr( LDgp). 2. LDfPJc9;8)GYfIULJ (LDOMf>UU Glf}fJ)' 3.

C:~m ... "W{Dr5JS;LDW (8)rr~~" (flQlr$. 2584). 4. QQJ · . ~8)J 5.

LD~ Jp#U/. "aifT ~6l5J Q ~ tt 6iJfi6l {b UJ !D8;@j CPUJ rt LD ~ • " ~ LD~. 7).

6. Qa:®a;®. "C:urrGJcrilrttJ; C:~tb!DfTrt W§P6?f>8j LD' " (urf/urr. 18

1). 7. QJ6'6ImLD. "ULfl-LD~~ CFfTWU G'l6lJrr !l)JffiJUJ" (urfJ(!fT. 4:18). 8. 8)fTUJ (l6lJL..6W8iu51®i1 (i1®Ji(J8ifT. 69. tLOIDCT). 9. (,{i~c9;8)L_W. LD{DIErt (flGllc!h. 2485). 10. {6JQ)Ql6lTW (W.). 11. 8)rr~ d6iu~rfJ) {D.ff)JmLD. "LDrTrnfiVll.J@ <FrT[6~ LD{h(IjJ u51rny;>a;~urflUrT. 10 92). 12. ai~LD~t.b. (6lJ)~6lJQJ. 6lS>{D6U. 125). 13. v;3rfJ~fTY>. ~c$.). 14. uSJ®~ (UJrr~ ~8).). 15. QU(!!J6'6>LD (UJfTU;>. ~~

LDiM - LD~rnQi = 1. IOlJroJrnLD. "~J~rna;UJrT GlQirT..u" ((;!).f!)J[6. 290). 2. -r: "IOlJrT@lUJrT LD~r!'lrTL._@W" (fllOlJa;. 664).

w4JJ - LJJ~ffiJ®. ~

LD 4JJ rfiJ@j~f!IJ = @<afJGUlLDUJ rr ~ .

LD§riu&lUJ QJO',;&6IfJ (~ w'!)w - LD~6ir = 1. CJ)Q)9;8) II rry,. ~8).). 2. LDLQf)W. "LD~~Q)L

C:[DrrfibT{1JrrGtr" (~® (t!jO 7 ILm(J). 3. G)§®c9;~ "LDflj~mL

(J!DfT6lrTtDfTW" (ULup 78). 4. QJ6l516mw/ "UJ~~~L QPY'Gl//J

Cl{hrrflrr" (Lf[!Jw.50). . fil1@<F8:J. "l.D~wmL C:{DfTm{IJfTQr (LffDw.

75). 6. ~!J>@j (U1 . . WfTLUJmw (U/ffiJ.J. B. u5k~iJ (UJrry,. dP/Cfj).

LD$hW - LD~67ff rolf (UJrT$J>. ~t!Ii.) 2. C:{hwGw@@i (UJrTlP. ~8i.).

3. LD(!rJJiq,rrm QJ.J. 4. Qu®uS1fhW (UJfTlP. ~8).). 5. suncib (UlffiJ.J.

6. L/(iift1tt • t.ui: (u/ffiJ). 7. @w(JQJoMJoU (UJfTlP. ~r$). 8. ~(f!;

gfTWU~~ S;LQ)W~. 9. 9® QQJmr~!DJi 8iLoUt.DQr.

UJ{lIw - 4P~LD~rTlJ~rob = 1. 8j6Yf1~1bru. "LDtDJUU<!!J5IU U(!!)Q/fT6lJl6JT tEJw j;!ra;® LD(!§rfiJQ8i6IJ(TW (s;wuf}'rr. {DrrL_@u. 24). 2 .

.......... _"'Bj • @!j~QJ. "LD~rr 6UImLuiJ{b flt6J" (4. (D)QJ. 774).3. G)5C!!>a;®

. . UJfJ~G~UJ-c$rotr WLUJ-tD® uS/@jUJa; G,)c!hrr@~1Jj6b. 5.

• ~"'. 6. WI®fl>6iJ. "LD~lJrfI lJ)(ilj)y>o,r!Jirom" (gQJ8). 2803).

$h' = 7. UJfTA>fi6T W$htSrt ({6fTwSu. 207). 2. Gla=®8i®. "~rflLD{hrt y>t!ii r$~omrT" (8i66JdJ. 77). 3. UJ~~#UJ (~QJfT). 4. uSJ®i1 (UJrfiJ.). 5. ~f7t.b (~@.tfJ.).

76

LD{!jrT - LD~ttQJ. 1. ~6"ID~U QU@8;8iW (UJrTYJ. dJ)/8i.). 2. 9Lr:oTr~c$c!Jj61fJu4 (LiJffiJ). 3. @jJ)JLDrrULj. 4. 6lJ615lmLD (~LfT.). 5. Ga:ySlULf 6. ~YJ<f!J (r:!!i>LrTJ 7. uSJ®iJ (iJ6lJrr.).

LD{hrT - LD~fr6"ID6lJ = 1. LDUJ8;8iW. "LD~rttfimQJ Q6l1 rfiJr.9iilJt ut;JuLf

tilL_{6Q~{)riT" (gQJ8i. 322). 2. 8>ro:JuLJ (UlffiJ.J 3. Qs:®9,®. 6'G)Q/

a~rra-,fJ)(!pw" (8i~{DLJ. G'J{huJ6lJUJfT. 64). 4. Q~ySli.J4. ' mQJa;

Qa;rrwL/' (@j~rr. {ljQ;/)". 25). ~

LD~ttGlj - LDtD6lf = QJQ)JmLD. "w~6lJ!D~L.. tDGiJrurra,-"~. 14).

LD~61f - LD~. w~.j,~6iJ = 1. LDUJffiJ®~~ (W.). 2. a;61f}~ •. ~C!!JJj(r!!jfh6b.

4. G)8)rr(gJ~1Jj6U. 5. 8)fTUJ uSJ«!jffh6iJ. 6. LDfhffilG)&fTroTr ~oU. "uSJ8i6lJw

UJ~-$!fJI LD~Lb Qurr4f/lhi!»" (§fTWQJIT. iJ®royffJ ~

LD~ - QI. LD{D. ~ c!)

QJ615JUj wfT®Lb" (G~rrQ). tLrfl. 79). LD{li1iilJ - LD{!j(f!j - LD{!jriv@j - LD{!j8;@j - LD~. §!.G{ljrr: LDUJriiJ(f!j - LDUJ8;(f!j - LDUJ8;Q;~

LDfbc9;BiW = GU@6lRrrLq-, @)lS/-, ~ail (!JJ1h6'6JUJQJ tDflJlT ~~Lrr @jW UJUJ 8; sib. ~jJ).J LD tD Jic$.j, i) ~6lJ tt 6T ffiJ a; 6'Gl<OYr 6'J5]@r6JCJjrrw6lJ

6l5lL_l1J-LL~. (~G51a6lJ. 8i6"i)) ). ~GYTULf (UJfTIP. ~r!1i.).

LDfbLD{DULJ = 1. GIF4f/ULJ ( 1>. 9, ro5iUJrr. u. 71).2. iJuSJrt (W.). 3.

I!.Jiim rt J~ ui]Qrr6tf)W (W.).

<.I:J>&:>5 (6lJQD61T$f>Ji> ~(8QJ

~rrtiJfJj~, (l8irr'i[gJ1{h • ~Q,., G1~G1fJ{h6iJ, LDLriiJ®1D6U, ~®®{D6U,

•• •• • • •

QJ L_L_WfT {!j6lJ, (!jJ [D.[f)J fEJ6U, r!lTYJ iJ)l {D6lJ, Lf r;r @!j~6lJ, g}_C!!J@!J{DQ),

![L®~mLUJrr{h ~Q), $J(!!JwL/{D6lJ, ~~fJj6iJ (yJ{D6"6JUJ U6lJ61fw

6lJ6ID61T I>{b a;® Q {lifT Lrr LJQr(JT omQJ UJ tt w.

(!JJ6iJ-roBJoiJ = · ~ aQJLmL8l c$(!!J619.

fP· C3!6 IT: • @) - ~@a;® = (9® gJ.f!)J UJL&®!Brt).

w. 66J • . "'~. 8i. 0l6il.

· Q. - C':fJ.ml = roI fill ( $I 6lJ rr .) " C':fJ.ml {lj rr.mr a Q; rr d1 fPI "

6 . U~c!FfT8i. 96).

Gb - tyJalGlJ = 1. C:8ifT6WW. "e!fJVimfiU (!JJ(f)I8i~a;@!jw" (@!JfTLD/Drr. . ). 2. e!Pa>6lJ~iJ6tf)1F (W.). 3. ~m!De!P~fit). "@®LL6lf)p:J ep fil)tbJ~(!!Jlh{!j @!Jwrfl" (~(!Jjwt6. 7514).

to. e!:P6lJ. (;}th· e!:PQ). &. &JG)filJ,

·

UITQ.urQRffrr

77

fYJ Qj) fitJ 8; ® /J.f!Jl = 1. (yJ dJ [D tli ~ e!:P ~ 6lJ r9i ® tOT it t;T tt 8) Gfj L_ (J;J iJ ~A>Q)6lJ fTu5IoiJ JfJ~Q) ~GrlLDth~C!!>a;m8). 2. r:lP~fil)U u tttreeeu.

e!j)Qj)6lJiiit6"Gl5 = Qu®thitm~8)L® !6®(]QJUj6TrGTT (]9JfT6m ~i1fiiO)~.

ryJ~fiit)UUfTn-~QJ = 1. at!hfT~ ~i)m56'lf)UJ a!Drr Ji.$]UJ ~ • 6tS)Q).

2. q rr ®th~.!J)JQJ rru5JGiJ ro6I y5J ~®Lf [Owrr C1iC# Qa: ®UJ tffi6'lf)'iV • @~8).

(y) 651 fit) I..D LL_W = 1. C! !l)tT C!.$ IT filRST W. 2. (y) 651 fit) ~. u fit) 651.$

(8iLL_L_ !l)ITI..DIT). Q

(y)651GlJ (!JlL.JfiJ&J (r:_yJ65IGlJ (!jJL_8;@jJ = 6lJ65I61T tf,~ ~ W 8'I.[J)J 6lJ y5I (W.).

o

~~6l)UJt;Tw = c!pUULfiIDLUJr;rW (W). (y)Q)Q)GUJrr@ = (yJt!hL_(j)1#8?JuSlroiJ (3QJlL/w y~ ...... \

e!:P 6'6H;U~ rr a: ~ = Q {lJ c!!> 6'51 {b® a {!J '7 rr a; ro- tfP ~ 0; BiLD fT U1 trn LD!h {D

QJfTu5J~. fYJ6lf)Q)QlfTL@ (f!jJQ>6lJfilJrrL - 61S)6U QJfT 9i®.

f!jXiflfit)..6I LI I b = !l)ITdJC!8iITfilRST di W ~ 651fit)8i65161T '* C:O'tT J;@j1iiJ (J8)rr(SL

(yJ~ - (!JJrT - (!j)(!!) - c!:p@® = ~!DqUfTGiJ QJ6"6)61T!6fh 8jrr$fj61f6f) "QJ8:r;J QPC!!JQ)a;G,)UJth~Ji C:a;fTw ~ ~a;t6Jtb G>a;rr@~fhrraG1ffrr"

(66J[065Ifi11J@. 703). (j

C!:P® - 1..D(!9 - LDm(J = 1. GlI6lf)a;. 2. 6£t6TTa;@j~ iJrf1mUJ 6Jtbt6J

u5J !OJi@)w ~ ®(;!J8;QjrrtiJ.

LD6ID(JUJ rr61f6f) = ~ C!!J8)(T Q~ .. LDIJ. &. UJG'JIJ·

(!:PC!!) - (!jJrfI. (yJrfI ~ • . 6l.I6lOQT ~oiJ. "(YJrf1 !hIP 8)6'lf)L G'J {DrfiUJ 6lJ rf1 {i>;!D

U1~fitJULJ®6lIcY?' GLD. 18:161). 2. 6lJmw{6§ &Lq...}fJQJ (~LJT.)

(8j(!!jw4 rfhwL/ UJQJ{bGm[D ~Lf/-I>1h[b@j ~QJtb~{D 6lJmrorriJ~roiJ

8ifToMr iii.). 3. 60. "@6'6>L&8imr (!prfJtf,;!DfTfr uQ)tt" (~!Dm. 473).

4. C:~fToiJ • . "C!Ptbt6J UJ6lJLDt;T n- Cl<FQJ)fi5( (yJrfl !h~6(ff" (65J {DfTUJ8JLJ·

34:15). 5. GU. "ucgUJQTW 46m&(yJrfI[A Q1O@{6G{bOM Q)1mrViW~

{bfiUUJ[J ,(/s) eotr. 7). 6. ~()f( rt 16"'. "(!JJrfJth~!Da> L LDLd;m{DUJrt ~ (!::Py>ffiJ

"'¥l.J!oI~. (QJ fPF!JQ 8)fT 6OJ1LI 11/' (~®6llI fiG),g:. 8i®m. 5:10). 7. {hQJ.!f)J ~6lJ.

Ii» rrmQ)/J GJlDrfJUJ LDtb!D~tb !DL_UJ-67f{~" (QuC!!>r6J. 6lJ/J{b6lJ. • ®~6b. 9. tff/6U}w(i;)a;@:!6GU. "@mL (yJrf}Jh/!Jl aQJt5~~w -..u.~ G8i@W" (®!Dm-. 899). 10. ®~ffiJG1a;@~Q). "9@®UfT6lJ (In...~,QJt6Jtb ULQJJrflth~/' (i)c¥=Qa:{h. UJ6irm'""56· G)c!FffiJ~6lS)'7. 1).

= c!p rfI f!j ru = Q/ m ett to Of) fit) J: G r!F til f!j 6lJ. " Lf ® QI <!p Lb (yJ rfI (yJrfI!h~C:QJ" (~QJ9i. 2310).

to., &. (yJrfI.

78

(yJrfI~pjru = 1. 6lJ67f)(iiTT ~~ ~lSJ-~~~. "{66tT U}a>6lJ (yJrfI~iJL_ LWQlU 6lJrrL!J-w~ t5JliI--~~ {6JQufDfTW" (gQJ8). 2185). 2. G{Drr{bdicT Qc!FtiJ~fltJ (UlfTYJ. ~8i.). 3. ~ySl~~Q;. "LDi/QQJfT@ 6lJLQ/fTu5Imw (yJrfJ~~/' (iJC!!J(Q)HT6lJQJfT. 24:4). 4. ~m!DmLDUJfT8i f9Lrrtj}j~~roiJ (W.). Q611LlJIeyJpSliiiJQ, 6Tm~Lb QI~J;()lf)8> (]/DfTJJeg,8i.

ui: eprfJ Jir:!1J. GI:5. (!jJ rfJ ILJ.

>

• - f. i)®a;6iJ. iJ®8iQ) (!jJ8)J&6lJ. t5Jr;rdrr6'4>LC:UfT60~

fifT~ (tL.6lJ.). 2. u5J®ilUJfT8i QQJ~~~. C:~rr6lf)a OiGUfT 8)U C:urr@ (1L.6lJ.).

• @j. (yJ.f!)JJiC!!J{!j6lJ = (G9. @jQr{Drr65J.) 1. s;u1I!!Jl (!jJ~661UJ6ST iJrfJ ~ 61). tni: U)l1I-~ iJ IJ~(£J m8i1l-/ (!fl!J)l &5t" (8iWU fJ tr. UJ(!!J~§J. 10~~ .!!)J&a;fT~a>UJ~ il®®~ru. 3. uSlm8iUL (!:PJ!)J&~ r!ir!~~ . "U}iJl-uLq- (!:PJ!)J8;~UJ QU(!!JLDfJU IsLqQ/' (~8it.h. 8).

!)J~6iJ. '''(!JJ.!J)J&liJro6Jl· I ®UJUJ8j~ pSl~rfl(JUfTQ)" (gQl8i. 786).

[bpSlmQ) &@LJ.!I- lLIfilirr ~ {lJGiJ. ({6rT <9.). 6. tm&, lnfT6lJs;m6fT U 9!AD <J~tiJii{lJ6iJ (W.J.

(G><!F-®,G6/'). 1. Gc!F®J;®~Q). 2. WfT J!)Ju@~6iJ. 3. UJfiJT~~6iJ (WfTtj>. ~8i.).

(!j)rfI = 1. GlJt;;5)rorr6lJ. "cy:;rfJ UJ rr rre« c$~ ~Lrr ~61f}!Jj" (iJ ~ . U lU8ifJ. 8). 2. ffJlroffl@. 3. c;,{DrrtiJUJrfI~. "@jtJj~UJ Qlrfl~ G~~(!jJrflUJtD8; (8)rrySlJi8i fiillrTrftT". ({h9>8iUJfT8iu. 736). 4. (yJ@jfjjf ~flJ6lJrrQfT/!)J. "w8;a;d5r (yJrflClUJ" (8i6l5JiJ. 94). 5. ~om;fJ6lf. (~;;~'46. dJ/(!!jw.). 6. fiT(~iJUJ ~mfj1J{D.J!)Jc$«!J. 7. @m~uurr6l1lru · u®@ (UlfiUU. 6:35, 1Lm(J J. 8. [DrTL8)f, {Du5JySlw @.1!)IiJW1~~· rf/fbc$W (Q{DrrfiiJ.

Qurr®';". 444, IILmf)}. ~

LD., Qfj., &., D. (!jJrfI. Q.

(!::prfJGlj = 1. LD4-ULJ (UJfTYJ. ~8j.). 2. 6lJ~ffl(f;Jfilf)a;. (UJrr{p. ~&.).

3. c!h@r9;@j6'6>8J .. "LJ([!jGll (yJrfJ~8)· ~"((yJ/JQ~rr61r. 8)6frw).

4. !EdiJ®rnClj. "@V6>6fTUJrT LDfTtT (yJ G'l1J@~ 6lJrr@w" (RQJ&.

372). S. 6ll®~~w. "Urr6m6llLD· ffl6lfIb fDrrtTClj61floir eyJir#c!F6fJlfi61

Gc!FtUu6lJrrGiJ" (€FQJ8). 1627). 6. (~®. @,).

(!PC!!J - (y).f!)J - (!jJJ!)J@j. (!JJ![)J (Q<F.®.~.). 1. ~(!!J®1Dru (UJffiJJ.

2. roEJmlJr$JGiJ. "(!JJ/J)JUJUJ 65J {b f!JfT~" (gQJ8>. 796). 3. (!JJilrrfDQ)·

"8i~ (YJ.[J)J~ 66J~QLm- rrlIUJ7). 4. uSJ@j~6U. "<l6llLms;t6}6fg

(yJ.!f)J UJ !!J,rT ~'7 ,., ( g QJ CT.. 83)';) 5. a; (£JmwUJ tt {lJ6lJ. "QQJ t6J GirT (YJ J!)J q,"

(£6fT6UliJ-. 171). 6. 8irr!h IT {bru. 7. G,)e:®8i®1DroO. "6lJiml}'(;)UJ@J;&

iJJl {b jJ)J (yJ!J)J ~6?f1 tt • 6lJ tr. 289:10).

(G'ls:. ®drfDrr6'5lJ • (OJffiJJ.

ui. (yJ jJ)J@j.

(!JJ.[J)J@ - .f!JJ

iJ®&QJ G'JUJrrfiiiT

.

UfTQJlTaarrr

79

I.D., cIi. (!P(I!J&@. Q,fj. c!pfJ' 8ia;L@.

(!JJ J!)J a,® = 1. ~ rf1 8;Q)8i. 2. i1 ®t$fTfiilmfJ g t!1itD /J)J. 3. (!JJ.f!)J 9i~ # 8iL.L ueoastmb. "~Q)L(!PJ!)J~" (Q)}{1jrTlLJ&L/. 39:39). 4. @{DsP (YJ.!f)J8;@jt01r6fT ~([§Lb4. "ey:>J!)J8;®mLth~Q)rr LDQ."tc$~Lb" (SifT<9UfU4· 780). s. ~§JJI®mr6tf)L. 6. Qlro!ULJ (@6l)Ji. ~r$). 7. Q (W.).

8. c$@65>LD (@6lJ&. ~t$). 9. WfT .!J)JUfT@ (W.). 10. Qa=®Ji 1 . (j))JJ®.

"51Y)Lf)fTtlJ {DQf)1J /J4JJ (!;p8i~iJfi6)fJ {hfPJ uSJIh~ (yJ.f!)J&a~ ~ uu (T.

I, 88 : 173). ~

(!p.8)J8>(:!!J - (!JlJl)J8>8iW = 1. i}(!§8ifiU. 2. (!p@8>(:!!J. 3. ~. C!:p!f)J c!ii® - (yJ /f)J 8i51 = (yJ!J)J 8i®ffiJ 8i(!!J6BJ.

~"'6m6U (!Jl.8)J8>8i1 = ~ 8i(!!j~ (spanner). ~ /) (!Jl.8)J8>8iQJQ)fJ, (!JlJ1)J 8>8ifTa"4fI, (!Jl J!)J 8>(:!!J~ (!Jl.8)J 8;® QJ L...LW. (y) Jl)J 8; ~ 061 rfI UJQrr (yJ~"" UJ c!Tn.L@g ~a; W <!P.!IJl8; 8i ~ UJ 60

utbp)/UJfi5T. ~~

(!JJ.t!)J 8J@j - c!:p.f!)J 8;8)fTQu = 1. (yJ.f!)J ~~8it6JrnfiV. 2. Lf6l»o;u1I RlfiO UJLW C:UfTL_@c9;G9ifT6ir~tb $6rr~ (~rrc9J.

us. (ljJJ1)J8;8ifTW. ~ !J

C!:p!!)J - (yJ tb.!f)J . (yJ tb!f)J $6 6iJ ~ sP ~ 6iJ . " u tr ~ (!j) tb .f!)I8i t5J AT arrrmsrLD51 Yi1(!!;8;6ma;" (4!D • . 2 J. 2. ar!lirrL6l»L6"IDU1# (§sP!h~ Gurr®~oiJ. "(yJ{b{!SlUJ GlJa; G5r r;;3sP{A~ Q!fJfT#fiJILJW" (Q~fT.u. 4/D/J. 13) .

&. (y}{!j /!Jl.

C!Ptb J!)J = QPtD .J!)J61)a;. ' UJ nlr ey>[b J!)l6llJ L" (LJ· QGlJ. 6:25).

(yJ{bJ!)J6ID& = 1. mOj. 2. a~rrL_mL~UJu urn&QJrT UfirJL

QJmm&mCh. 3. Q

(yJ{b.f!)Jfi"(J)8i - me; = 1. C:8ifTL._6U>L~UJU u~c$6l1fr U~L

Ql6lJ) 6TT 8; m 8i. ® 8i 8i 111- tff! 6f) Q) b~ LD. t!F rr i.J u rr LL1I-[b® Q LD I» I>

(Y){b{l5JJ; ~~ &5J!D/Dl (@.6lJ.).

Q)fj. (!JJ" ~~ ~8i (g).

• twO .0 · wO I"b. • •

C!:P £D p~ rn ao - (YJ!1J:U1 6lD c!Jj = \.D 9) rr LA> L Q) UJ U U A> 8i 6lJ rr u m L

J!)J ®. LD.f!)J «!Jff!jru = 1. or lP ~ {lj6lJ, "LD J!)J a;c!i; &L6lJ8j"> L{6 .' ri)6iJ, ~U1tb, 2 68). 2. uOlJ8jrr~th ~rfJ~QJ. "l.D-6l5JQJaf w!f)J51"

''''_IT'''''L~·~lL UJu. 97). 3. lJ)6lTrfiJc$Q)rIiJ®~fJiJ. "G)!D~~Qrr LD!J)Jc$oU tB~' (€I6lJ& .

. 4. QJ®t&ifJI~6U. "5JLth~t61fr LDJ!)J@jQJ ~fTul1~tb" (~c$w. 29). 5. g)fi5)~~oU. "®L-oiJr LDJJ)J~L" (&wurj"IT. @~~r;r51~.19). 6. dPlA>r;ru@~flo "(6J!)J<9 g fT tfi4JI LD.f!)J &" (LD .:fJJQ)r;T ct, 553).

80

W 9)J ®- LD.!J)J 8i (#j. LD.[!)J 8J®;fJ6lJ = 1. LD6"5T /JQ) ~8i c9iQ)8;®~6V. "LlJ.[!)J c9i5J 6lJGU6lJm6lJu u@j,iJ" (~Q,. iJ(!!J6lJrnu. 4:9:6).2. ormrGaJruJ (!JJ~661UJ GlJ{iJ[lJfT6iJ Q~rT~mL r!JjlJlJjlJ$6~6U (@.QJ.).

LD jJ)l8;(!!j = Lf)QiT 8;B;6l)8;Q;W. "LD.!J)J 8i5J(]6"6TfT lJI-rfl UJGU c: U fT ILl {D " U6tr~U66)L. 109).

W.!J)l8;CJ) - LD.f!)Jc!i;a;L.b = 1. 8iy;tb~. 2. LD~8i8i6lJ8;8iW "LD6trU""n~~1 ~muriiJ a;6lf),,"C:QJITw" (urflurr. 15 52). 3. §Iwuth. ' tN1HOI1UI\I\

LD~ WQJ6lf)1J UJ .!J)l8;8)c8 (;J CFtUlLJ tiJ Q u®mwUJ tt It"

LD.!J)J«!j - UJJ!)JCJi6U = 1. 8iy>[bil. 2. 8ifiUr!iJ®6t08l. "C:u • Q!D®a=w w./!)I8ifii) Gle:tiJu."J/' (iJ6iJ· iJ(!!j6llmh. 9 4 4). 3. GtJ~ ~(!!jWLJm8i tw».

w./!)I8ifii) - w!J)J8i.6l. w./!)I8i.6l~{!jflu = G!6rr~~flu (UJrry.,. ~8iJ. (JjJ JJ)J - (YJ¢J. (!jJ{l5J ~QJ = 1. fiilJal61T{tJgp 9l.!J-~· . ctr!/i- C!p{l5J Jh;fJG'1 ~w

.!J)l~"U!D" (i/(!!J6lJrra=. 14:2). 2. C:~rrtbflJQ). @ 6UG).&®~"'. "~"8;&

Q~(£Jj,~ (lj){!51 {!4JJ (Q u rf7UJ LJ· iJ (!!J~ tr . ~ ySJ {D6lJ. "6'3'7 (!JJ{l5J t6~

Q[D<9i16'5Ttt" (6'5J[DfTUJBiL/. 79:66). S. LD 8.i@~6U. UfTolJ (yJ{l5Jtl>i!P

(]ufTu5Itb.f!)J (aL.fiilI.). 6. u{D~ ~u4~' ey:>pflUJ5, &rTlut!~f[,6VfTtb

$CF8;&/ViM{D.{!)I (~.6lJ.). 7. UUJ GU. @1J5W (yJ{!5JUJ LDC!!JtA~

o:rruUJ@~!D:fI)l (W.). 8. @jal6U '. (!!;v1tr LDfT .f!)J~ru.

Ln. C!:fJrfle;. GI/6. (!JJrfl8;Q8i~. & ~.

(!:P {l5J j, fJoU = 1. ~ iJ1-iJ ~ GiJ. ' C!!J ~ m su (!JJ {l5J ~ {6 611 (J W "u fT r;r ~

$J®,' '9 ~. 141). 2. fi'lffJ~~ · LLSJ-blDUl j)t;J~LfT9) (!JJ[f5I (1L.QI.).

3. iJ .!J)Ij,~ 6U/@{DfiiJ. 6;T6lJcF • ~ (l5J~ffU6l5J I· I rTar (fl__jolJ.). 4. {DW65lLlJ

LD IT iJ jJ)J ~ fill. " ~ (i)6) c!F U pJJ ~ ~ 6lJ 6'6> 6'5T UJ tt eu /r (yJ[f5I U U 6lJ IT"

(8iLbufJfT. ~tfil8i~.18 IF~J;~{l5Ju5Jru 1L~mL LlJ{l5I~;fbiU. 6. Gu®

~~6m" 8i~6'fT Q Q. c!:pl4-~~6iJ. tC UGl)QJtDm{D Q6lJLUJ- QJJp)JJ;if» G5I LmL (]UJfT? Cc::,_~~.

C':P tr5J = 1. ~. " a!~ L QJ m61T u116irr (!j){!5JQ UJ IT ~.f!)J 51 LU u"

07). 2. 9LrnL/J~ (]~r!iJ8irTuS/{b urriJ. (]~ffiJ8ifTuj (!ppSJ. 3. . ~ GlJ6W Lb. "C:LDrr 8i6lJ rr ~UT (yJ{l5J t6J LL_ Q U LIJ1-()6)UJ" (Ih IT lL/. ~rP . 7 . S. ~'iiID6lJU utb.Jl)l(y)pSJ· 6. ~ronfI. "G>s;rrm6lfl(yJpSJu urri)fJUJ " ~rf}5. 4. UJUJfT~ 41). 7. {fJr!hrTuu®i1. C:~rf1 (t5IliJ.). 8. ~ • .). 9. I!LUJfrff,'flj Gl6ll6W 8i..vw.

~IIV£'.... ............. '-- a. 1. p5J~Q) = I. wLJ!iJ@j{hru. 2. (YJjJ)JJ;@j~f!JU{Dru. 'f.iJrflJh:f!JJ

/J;J ~rrL1l-" (8ir;;6}~.lS). 3. ~JP(]l.Dfil}rr ~6iJ. "Lf)m61J'-I~1) UJrrm6'5T • "(l_f.Q6lJ. 7:9). 4. iJ@W4{DGU. w@!J{DQ). "LD{l5J~6lf)fJ" (8ib61~. S. QPgu~@{broiJ. "rnLD~~rT LDp5JUJ UJtDffilc!I)L;iJgp" (Lf. G'ltOlJ. 6:14). 6. r!Frrti.J#jQ). "6TrfJW{l5J~ ~v;iu'iiU ~rrQ)Jw" (UJ.!f)JufTmr. 796). 7. 6'J11&{b6lJ. "tEl !p6?rr w6lf5f-} U u riM p5J U1 {b.tf).J w{l5J UjC3wfT" (~QI 8;. 2201). 8. U6lJr!JjfT §JJJ ~

UfT6lJJT6GUTrT

81

f;! rfI $lj6U. "/6UJQfT tr Lq- (6LU fT Ji®w 661 mQT 6lJ ftC: U rr6isT w{l5J $li®w" (a; 661 /J. 46). 9. tEJ~Q)®mQ}~6'iJ. "~LhuG)[u (!JJ8iQJ(J Jia;~ ~m6TTG)U1rr@ LD{l5JUJ" (a;6U6VfT. c$~uiJ GlJrrlP.) 10. J)/.J!)Ju@~6iJ. "~ar 8jfT ~ LD{l5JlLJW" (iJ6iJ· QurfJUJfTY; 2 3 6, ~(!!;w). tt. ~mLuu(f;l~6iJ. 12. ~rr~' "LD{l5Jti>~ LD8iartDmgr #erL" (dJlrfl.#. 4. usuttea. 38).

LD{l5J~~6iJ = 1. f;!C!!JULfrJh6lJ. 2. f;!®wu# QCFtiJ~6iJ. 3. ~ • rr c!i;@j~G"iJ (W). 4. :1h@di:1h6iJ. "W.!J)IO/{DU GurrL w{l5Jdif;!(£lGw" ~ rr CT. 36:2).

S. ~mLUJLDrr i>fl>6U. {DrnQa:tUc9;@J ~~.f!)J li/Q)L C:6lJ~®w.

( SL..6lJ,). 6 . ~@i> pj{iJ ®PS1 UJ rr 8jc9; filnai UJ~ IF j,~6iJ . rr flJ®ffiJ r!h(J ~ 6U

LDp5Ja,® WfT ,ff}./' (c!liwu(JfT. J!?_~LfTL_. 21). 0

w{l5J = w{l5JUJ6iJ. ~

W{l5JCT.o = .dJIQIl6m. 0

LD{l5J/J§JJ = ~®Lhu. "LD{l5J/J{ljfTffiJ ~ySJ LD~C:LD. 70:88).

wp51UL/ = w{l5JUJoU. w{l5J U@~Q; = 1. {lj(hl8i$ 13).

wp5J UJ6U = 7. 6lJ~ rrySJoiJ, a;6iJ~, C:u tt 9;®6lJfJ ~~ (JJJfl>oOJUJw

!D~LGUtDfT QI • ~(£J~1JjGiJ. 2. UJ~!D8;8nLW.

w{l5J 6lJ = 1. ~([!j • "LD{l5J~ GUfT 9 fFJ6lJ 8i~" (~(!!JLu tr. u. Q,g:Q)J UJ (l5J.

6) Ga;(1j). (aJ • . W.).

Qj).f!)J - - ru6lfli'fT6l/. 2. C:~m,",UJfTG1r i)®uuw (turn). "u6Wf1

(!JJ67DflJ Jl,~61Ilt" (8)WU '7 tr. JY§ll1tG $l>@. 49). @~.J!)I @y>rrtiJ ~

rJh r;;W rmiir J; a; a fiillmr I1J- UJ 4U UJ tt rT (!:pm {!J? (fL.QJ.) 3. {fJ Lrn QJ .

l~~''''' (Q5Jm(D@§]" (§16lJai. 3052). 4. ~mL6lJ. "(!:pmPJcY>m{D ... 6lJ6Ua;~:f!J/' (4!Dw. 29). 5. f}@r6J®. "(IjJ!6~.!JJITviJ 8j~@ 6T Glirr~" (Q ~rr6iJ. m. u rru5J.). 6. I2§l! lP. "~®t6J rT (!j>fit»!O @~Lh" (LJfDw.192J. 7. 9Cl:P8;8iW. "(Ij)m!Ou5J C:Q)rr~UJ~ G~6ir

· §Jt.Ui.Ju6irr" (8iWUf''fr. 6lJrrQS)filJm~. 177).8. (J){b4. "(!JJg;,lPWUlffiJ®

• 6106l) (!pm!Dt6J(J)Y>QJ 8jfTLL" (urf/urr. 15:~9). 9. 8L.!D'¥.

"Glurr([9L@(yJ6ri>fD UJfTf;!u5IrJr" (!D~. 298). 10. LDfimC§QlFtiJ UJ!D6l/. ~{D totr i.JL5Iwm.".. (yJ6m{DuG UQRrr. c!p"'fDa;rrf}'m-. 11. ZL/Dil/C!Jl6'4>!DU

QUalrr. "GurfJUJfTmt;T GlWAr./J)J;' QPA>!lJG1&rrfiirT@ 8Q._flJlTtt" (~qfTl7 &. 97~J 12. C:{6rrRlLD. (Yl6I>!DC:&@~ 13., Glc!Ftil(Jt!MT6lJ Q~¢J. "(g)(i5)!D(l&fTl1JwarQS1QJQrr Gi)c!;timSle;;ig" (~Qr. 559).14'. G/iJDI(YJQlUJ. &fT&(;lf)8iU UfilTW

Ui!J)(YJ61)!D (8)rr& ~fT66UJ t€1UJrrUJw)~ 15. 61'" 8IeuL/ wafl®.

iJ(!!J(yJfi6}!lJ. 16. 8),., Q)fifr ;6J6I>pJGQJtD.J!)J6&& .. f.YJ&ltJQq • rT. 17.

~RlLD. "c!:p~~iJ C:u~tb (ylQ)£l)QUJAJ& .i)cruG}w '( aLD.

22::8) .. 18. sufI~UJ. "(!Jl~~UJ G'lUlwuG'lSfjrrW J!)J~ suoutrtr.

pjo;rr!BlliI®. SJ. rP ~

Ln. oso &. (!JJQIJ. Q~. Gwrrr;r. "0

(!JJ6I>!DQJQg - t. j)a>/DQJQsr. "~rrwLDQ)tD (!JJ~' • (!:fQ)!DQ) ~&c::&" (uiJGfirTfT. QurrwQJmr. 52), 2. urra;~. "aw '(yJ~!DQJ(t JjJT.oJILJ

C:QJfr~lF" (G/u(!!JdiJ . .!Lc9~lF8;. 44:79). ~

(y)61»!lJ - WlOl»/D = QJQ)firTfOlJ· "u9Q)JDr!i;Qc!h~®1tiJaTrrC:rn" (i1QJc$.

284). ~

WJ~tIJl6G'lo;rrilfl iJ(!!Jj)1!JlSfjru ;: u ~ · iJw QJ~Grr~ tE8;@j{Dru.

u5l6npJ.!i Q&IT61f/ JJ~~QJff'; 3)

u5J~f!J8;GJa;rr~Glf{lj6b = U • Q) QJ6f)6Tf6l/ tB8i«!>{h6iJ. "~o~8j

u5]65)!D8; GJ8irrQfj)" (Lj.G;)6lI.

9.(J!6fT: (yJ6irr@ - uSJ.w@. - u51@8i®.

(!JlJ!)J - UJJ!)J. UJJ!)J~{Dru;: ~ w(DrrfifM.J 1. i}(!!J'j4{Dru. 2. iJ(!!Jli>Ulf G>t!FtU1hoU. 3. l.DfT{bjJ)J~6iJ. 4. ~~fitJ. "LD!f)J~~ LD.f!)J~§JI rnwtA~tt

stttt" (1JjQ)J~. 104). S. ~!f)J~Q) (~LGqUJ~~6iJ). ".!LLm-UL6l>

w!J)J/J toQ>" (f!j~. . !E&®~6iJ. "Qa;fT6UQ)fTW 46lJrrmWlJ

wJf)J~t{hrrfiG)fi7ff" (® . 60). 7. j)WA)'" QUJw~~6iJ. "~QJrtL.DJ!)J~

$lI8i{DGlJ IJifTGWrr" 17fT. uSIi1Q)6l)&. 125).

(Go:. @j. 051.). Q) dJC:UfT {lJw. '4j)u(]u.t!)l$brratr fft®!DfT@!J~lL_"tiJ

w{bm!DJDrrw "61>8iUJ6Wp51JiC:a;." (FF@, 24-7:7).

6lJ1J>6l/. ' ). S. (yJ6ir~@~ e:rr~8;®ci, ®J!)J8;a;rra; fiil/@6GlCli

(~rre9.1j? o

9" t2_QJLD 6lfC!!J4 "wfTtbflJ l.D.f!)J U U ~riiJ(hmQJ G) UJQfT IT ~"

611.11).

-<tI!:!i~~([!).pjoiJ = i1(!!Juu6b. WLLQ). "mwUltD£D uL9-GlJ~{hfT~ ~~~'7 GOUfT6bQJC:~fT" (8iro6J~. 15).

~ ......... j,~fJ6JI = i)@UL/66l8i1 WL~9). "lLJfTQ{hrr~ jf)J QwriTq;v;ir wJ!)J~~fJ 6l1J6iJQ)rTl6Iw" (8i(!§f,. 81).

83

UJ jJ)J ~~fJ 6lJ - LD.!!)J ~fJ G1J = W LQ)8j. "LD.f!)J {hfJ Gl11 rururr ~6'IT aUJ iiil {DfT L.b UfTL" (~Q)u. 24. UfTL@W6mL. @.!lJlil).

UJ!f)l8;8i = ®®wu6l/w. W!f)J8;& IE eut) 8;8"TLLrr f!Jl (SLJ;llJ. LJ).!!)l ~/!)J = 1. il ®wu. LD GlT. "UJ.!f)J liil6fu 6M rr Q r!F UJUJ rTQ) G8ifTGir" (®{Dw. 312). 2. w!J)JuUJ-ll.Jw "LDg;J~/!JlJ; (]a;-."'-"" C611mrLrr~Ul1l-" (FF(l;L 133). 3. il®wu6l/w. GLD uSJGfir ~Q LDfTm .ff)J mer tj, il L8;(l a;m-" (~rf/rJ. LJ·

{DfTfT

LDjJ)Jiigu 8).

LD.!J)1 r/J!!Jl ~ (J iJ tJj ~ = tjlj m L_ <!Tn..ff)J ~ 6iJ. et iJ IT ~ ~ #i 6i>. "w!f)J ~

§)I6ri>t;1U u~C:UfT Q~®GJJt!Frr@ '-I~n-~f!jJLiJ" (G)~Gi>. Qurr®. 2).

LD.f!)ldi/1i1u Gurrfb~ = 1. ~~ <'T>{Dmrou tffi~~fhGU (W.). 2.LDlYW

&rrtiJuLf tEJ..&r.f!)l (gurr fbGU (W.). ~ ·

w.f!)l - wmfD = 1. Ul.f!)luLf· 2. fiT@frwm{D. ~ rrillt fiT~u/1i1 wm{D uiJ~pSJ~ Q~rr@1!Jl 6TW./f)J Gurr (!!jC:w~w ~~rTa;. (LD61f>6lJU@. 231. lLmr;r). 3. ro5JruO;~' urrtULi:Jmw Lf6lJfT!D8)6ilrr

" t:rl

W6m!D'4i'6lLfil»LD (6J6UfT :;iV" 6).

67~rTLD.f!)J - fiT~rTUJ~{lJ. 0z !l

UJ .J!)l8>8i61fJ /J~6iJ = 1. LD .f!)Jii~ . ~ uj i) ([!Jtb4~6iJ· LD!!)Jc$a;fitfJ ~4JJ U C:U8i~roiJ = {lifT6M GdFrrwfOM ~ iJlffiu C:U&{DQJ (9L.QJ.).

UJ.f!)l ~6m6lJ = 1. et iI rt 8i 8j .' ~ Q)6?JT io jJ)J ~rnfj1) u ifJI/J~ c!/ifTQ)Q)

Uju/' ({D~. 53). 2. v;riJIrfl • Q8)fT6ir15f)8). "WJ!)J{D~HiUd; c!liLrr~"

(Q~rr6U. LD[JLf. 105). 3. @Jj-u UfT(!!Jw. "@m-~UJ UJdr~LD LD.!J)J

~6'tJ)GlJ GUJrotrww c!p ®Gir" (~. ClUff. U'I{iJ. 2 I, u. 34).4. U6J>8iQJfr.

"l.DJ!)J~~6lJ ~tb!D ~rrw4 6lJrTC:6MG'i," (o;J6tJrril· 16). 5. !E18ifr.

" ~rfI WrT 66! [b(!!!J su au it QJQI tt Q fJ tr (!!j6lJ rr" (il (!!J8;<J e;rr. 225).

tL~IJ)· 6. @IJ rnpJ. Lf).f!).J~~fil) @r!iJ@ QJ(1rra{h (1L.6lJ.).

in ff)J ~61f)(iUrJ, ( GCF. @j. ~.). fiT@rflL@/J C3 ~rr W .f!)l ~fiu. "[fJfT fi6liT

QP 1D w rr~ ~ • til- Gil UJ tt ®8' IT It W.f!)l fbVMfiOU U., ( f) (!!j66J eoe«.

~m~~~.

(Q s . ~~ Q1J .) in.f!)J f, riD tOO. "LD.!J)J ~ ~(rH;lJ ~ .:!!U m fJ r9;@j Q LD Q) 61) 6l)" (~ .. . ~8jrr~. 146).

_,.....~ ~u"'U-VflJ$8)rr uJ = U@QJ G6J Q)GTT r# ~tb®u OJ 6tr 8JrrtlJ&@jw r$fT tU8ipSJ

AlQ)U G;) u6ffi' = L.D9)J wmmQ)}. "~fJQJ LD J!)J ~R>G1JU G;) U mr

L(JJ6U18i®LiJ" (U1(l6U/h. 267).

l.J).[l)J ~rrtiJ = WfT JD!DfT {h ~rrti.J. LDl!)l {DrT6tr - ~(j)J tiJ}fJ {DrTGYr.

Ln.. LD.f!)J f.5rr 6fT. G'I {h. LD J!)J [DfT@.

84

LDj[)JUlJI- = 1. ~(!9lbu. 2. LDtbQ{DffC!f, uUJ- (copy). 3. 661mL ({DfTc9).

LJ) jf)J LDfT Ui- = LDfT L9-8>® c: W6UWIT lJI-. .a I· I q {bet!> LD.f!)l WIT L1I- (ilf)QJ ~/!JI8; OiLllJ-t6I ®8;~!DrrQr.

LD.f!)J LDfTmQ) ~@~6'i> = OitOm QJrnJ Qrr ~ J!)J u rr~ ~ y;rr Q u.!f)J W WfT 6lOQ) WIT tDJ!)J c!F ~LJiu@j.

w./!)J WfT {iJfDw = LD.[f)JG LDfT ySJ. "to J!)J wrr!bfD w[bQ {DrT C!!> •

rf1fiMp5I" (Qurf1UJLf. ~(!!JI@IT~. 474). ()

Q{h. LD(!!jwrrLL. &. LD(!!>UJfT/J!1)J. (F ~

LD.!J)J - LD ,g)./QJ6lJ = ~®tbu. LD.f!)JQJ ~w = ~®WU~" L.D jJ)I6lJlJ)J th

LJGlJ~8; Go;rrmr@" (&FQj8i. 1052). (? ~ 0

LD.ff)JQJo6I@{ljoU = t. @(!!>wLJ{hQ). "t5IarQ)w ~LJT~a{D" (Ff@. 2.

maiUJrr(3Q)" (FF~. 10:3:5).

w.f!)J - wtD.f!)J = (®.~.or). 1. LDIJ)./U ,!-/LD (W.). 2. UJw. 3. aQJ.J!)J.

4. wPJ£Duu'-9-- (@~L_J:Q~rr6b) 1. {iJ!J)J8; ®p51UL/. 2. t51pSJffJJU Qurr(!!JL ®{l5Ju4. 3. ~vm~{fI"'J<oI'I/vV

LlJ/iJQfJ)6ir ctJer6JfJ 6J1)aJ6IfTWff, • (Q~rrQ). ~Q)L. 14)

6J5}6IJ66TLOffP; {lJQUF$aJQ) L5JpfJ vjJ(:p; (JDm. 433)

~.a!Drr: Gk, meta, after, occasi with sense 'change'.

LDtD.!J)l - wtbtD = UJ[!J. aQJ

LD{b!J)J - w{b.!J)J W = 1. C:--';:...:..z;.I tfJ. 2. W ~@w. "~61DL~)l.[) LDUJ(;Urr ®w

(D{b.!J)lW QUUltT ~i§I" . 344).

• •

LD{lJ!J)J - L1JpJ6"5>{DUJ

""fill IbJDliJ6IITw (JD6is'r. 434).

LD.!f)J - LJ)fT.f!)l. ~.u = (QIF .«!>.6'5J.) 1. (jQJ J!)J u@{l)6lJ. "WIT {DfT LD6"5Tr6J

GJa;rr~ " [iJ. 47). 2. t.5JwQJrrriu~~fiiJ. "@WUl&6lr LDrr{DfT

LDtDWg IT • c9;6"6>o;" (G)u®wurr6"i5r. 736). 3. @jrn!D~'i.). G!DfT,u

G)8)fT<9<F p5Ju5I®,9;~fD.tJjJ (!!L.6lJ.). 4. @LW C:QJJ!)Ju@~~. 5.

{ErfiJ@j{lJ£ "1L c9;J;W UJrrpSJ6MITr;;M-" (o;wu(Jrr. ~Qt!F. 7). 6. QPiDJ~@ ~6U. rr 6"IDLD!A~W" (l1)olfHiVU@. 332). 7. 8n.ii~fT(£J{Dfio (OJffiJ.). 8.~~ . @Qj6lJrr~UJfTc$8jGtr wrrpSJu L51fDt6!l»6lJ®W (g,.(]urr.~tb. ~~ . 9. @GUG1f>6UUJrT;?jGiJ. "u(JuL/ LDfT{DU kti>~a; ®rorfllr!h{D ~~6U" (FF(J)J. 2:8:2). 10. QUfTtlJu(j)J~6b. "{Drr~tb L/~fiMth~

6M 66J61f)~ LDfTpJrrmLD" (urflUfT. 6:8).

(G:Jo:.(f!jm{lJfT6'8J). 7. 06Jtb{D6U. "!DrrmrClwrrn- UJfT IJ)JW'" (G)u®I.bUrT~. 160). 2. u~ QCFuj~6U. "(y)Qrafl6JT ufi65fJ(!JJA>ID WfTfD c!::p~~GlJfTrtH

.

urr6U IT6m IT

85

(Q,WU(JrT. S1§f1frC:~(ljL 49). 3. t51fD~&®fDfiilJ~fiiJ. "U~6lJ~8;c!Jjrru UfTLDrr{l5l UJfTrT8i@j" (@jLDIJ. UlfJ· wmrrL. j)r;rL. 5). 4. Qjy5Jf;~6iJ. "WfT.!J)J G;)WWWfitJ®W" (urfJUfT. 6:46). S. fii6)Ch~@tD6iJ· "4rfJLJtE LJ£Dwrr{l5l" ( 8J06!~. 15). 6. LD.f!)J /J fljrolJ (UJ tr fpu.). 7. et w;W Q u (!!ri®~rob. "8l. tt SJ1 W c;, u tt .&fJJ 6l/ W tt fii6T ~ tv tr Wl tiJ LD tt {D .!§IT tb Q £D LL tt W " 69 f wuilg)Q». 8. ~lSI-~~6lJ (@.QJ.).

ai. LDrr.£!)J. r>:

noO ~. ("l)"

LD rr.!J)J = 1. c: 611 !!)J U rr@. "t» rr lV' QJ IT 10 LD tt 8; a;@6lJl 6YT G1T \J> LD

"(jJ(!!JQlfTCF. 5:91). 2. fir~fr. ~QJdr 6T~tb(!!jLi:J to (!!>8;51£DfT6M.

3. UfOlf)c$. "WfTtbpJl([!j a6lJ~~rt" (4{Dw. 42), 4. • QI'!j!i!P. "WfT{D6lJ6U

/fJ/UJ a; a;' , (®[D6lr. 944). S. 9u4. "wrr{lJw W .. j)6IDwUJ~(JUJtiJ

6Tp5JUJfT6ir" (€!QJ8i. 2261). 6. wrrtD.!J)J(!!Juu .f!)l e:rr~® QUJw

L5Jmy> Gu.m .!J)Juufr" (QurflUJY, .dJ)/wrrtC· . OT~tT!bwu51 (UJr;ri)

lLJue;rTfJw). "QJy>~Q8)fT@ LDfT JJ)JGl8)(f , ($Ifill. @UJ{b. GlurfiUJ

$I ®611 {i5. 73). 8. LD .f!)/G'lLlJrT ySI. "wrrG/ {D f!j LDUJ.$8iU u(f)J«!1j611 rrti./'

(8j6U!f,. 716:15). 9. @W6lflLlJ tEr!iJ® • • 4· "{D8irT ~Qfil)~ 6lIrf,~

WfT(]flJ" (LJ!Dw. 253). 10. @flJu' L51{DULJ. "wrrtbg5JmL# 8iy,>

~t.b t8fJrTrr" (C:W(!!>LD{6. 136).. · 6'4)U 8n_W'w !B8i®w 06'5>LUUt..b.

'\~-6U6l5}c$GIDGlT LDrrG[fJ@.Jj§l· ~~w" (u~ro6l(£i. 285), 72.

~mLuu LbGurr ~{!j6lf t.iJ u ~ jJ)J. 13 . .{fiT .f!)l:;urr~gJ t;;)J61TfT .!J)J.

(W). 14. GlIGYTrT.!J)J C:urr6isrtD r;r . "LDrrtiJ(D fiVrr{iJ.[!)lu LJ61f)LlL/~(];tt1J"

(fJQJQ;. 2794). IS. WfT !f)J~6iJ W GlJ6'IDai. "GUIWr5JJ,Ji a9iLt_ WfT jJ)J

G>5rrriu" (LJ{Dw. 50).

(@6lflL8=QS:fT6lJ). 1. ILl IT 9)W LOTTa [D" (LJ WIT jJ)J 6lJ ®UJ {D tr •

• G) U fT ®6Jf] 61l) L<!F G) 9' tr 6iJ - "c:J)/ ~ ~ m UJ . 2. Q{hfT .!J)JuQurr®6lf!fii?f>L# Q5rT~. Uc9i6V wG) ~rr J!)J t.iJ 6lI(!!J!iJ {DfT tOM_

WrT /!Jl - LOfT!D 6l5l UJ u tt tda7l11-111~. "J:d,~1Drr rT LDfT!D" (Lf [Dw. S5)

2. (F/_~®!b® m /DwLfJfTy,Qlrrfr (9L(l8ifTUW). "QL(lClifTU6'1u

• ". • 2 6 11) 3 • .". _C'I • ('b •

W rT {D ffi . QJ rrUJ . :: • . Lf)fT f!J {!J fT rn- - QJ6U~Vf 6'Cf)~ Ch \..J) 9i(T1r

LDrT!D6V'~~ IJffiJ8)~{lj~. aifTu. 5).

torr .f!)/-OO~ = fiJ~· 8it;f~UJw ((!p8irr{i5fht;fw) (WJ. o

WfT tD.!J).J = 1. G611jJ)lu@di~6fj)a;· 2. f}y>J8iG'IDc!h. "wrrtba{D wrr{bflJ

~~ , (urfiurr. 4:53). 3. wrrtDJl)J w®t5t!Jl. 4. U~L_WfTtb.J!)J. ~~ UJ rT!p. c!!)J 8). 6. WrT [b JI)J61SlL. 7. wffi/8>fil) ~ LDffiJ $60 [!j tretr u!B{h{b®a; 8JL@W 6lJmrtDWfT6iT ~~8i~. 8. QurrwQQJG1rGlfl

~ r;r LDfT {b jJ)J. "LDfT {b [D 61T QJ ifJ {D G U tt ~ W1 @iifD rr uJ" (~ L L U ~y>8i(Jt6. 2). 9. ~6'6>I]"LDrr{b.f!)J tKJ£Dw. (Ff@. 4 3 7 ~). 10. ~iJtT. (UlfTtP. ~&.). 11. fju46l>W. "LDrrtbpSlrfJ UJrTlSJ-u urrfilfJ6lJaUJrT(£I" (f§fTWfT. 6:20).

86

12. QJi6Imw. "wrrtb!DfT~fJ wfTtbJDy5Jci;8) QlQ,Q)lTm~" <j)6iJ. iJ®uurr. 15). 13. ~C:lJlr wrr(£J §)®!Drr61fJru lJ_!p~sn_I1I-UJ @ilJW (W.J.

totr dJ!J)J - LDfT {b!D th = 1. LDrT Jl)l U LLIff! t5G)fiV . "LD rr {b [D LDfT tb 6*IDfOlJ UJ CIi~

iJ~" (iJ®6lJrr CT. 1:87). 2. 6lJC§Ulw Qwrry5J. "wrr[iJ!D WrT[!JfT,' !DfJ6]UJ

~~dJr1>66r" (Lj{Dw. 347). 3. U61f)8), "LDfT .[!)JQa;rT @!j@~ us JjJ{lJ:h

~ttthlDa6lJ" (~!5L{l>. 8lrr~4®· 3). 4. aiLq..JD11 (urf]a;rr S. LDrr{!fl#

Gc!ffT6iJ~t.b 66J~L. "LDJ!)J;JDtmGlJOl su.:« dJI LDIT{b ~' (Q~fTGiJ. WfJ4. 105) 6. G)<F/TQJ. "Q)/(f;1LDfTtbfDw GQJ~~rt a; @jt&m ~." (®fDW-. 689). "WfTtD!lJw ... Ge-fTru(]6lJ" ([DQr. 458). ~. c: · 8i-. "wrr{b!D (yl6l»fJ ci;rg,w 6UJm6M [DbUW" (!DrrarLD~. 45).

r'\' •• ~O

VlI{Ij. I..DfTI I . &. LDfT {!j§JJ. I..DfT {!j {!j~. U L. I..D~? c!)

f}.G{!jfT: It. motto. word, F. mot (mo), word, s~

(yJoU - (!:fJ6Tr - (yJWr - (yJcOr5T - (yJ67W6lJ - - (lpa-6TffiJ®.

(W.). 3. ®fJrn6lJUJL8;~u C:U8r{l>QJ (!JJfiWtiiJ(f!j = 1. G.!FfTwuQ)fTW ~. U~LWL/ Q/fiIlfiifTL/, (!pLJ;&W. G.!FfTLnL/ (rilGl)J;. ~a;.). 2. ~ · ;~LfT.).

(JpaTT ffiJ@) tfl u5l It ~6iJ = s: L LlJI-dF c: <F tt tb u ru c!p p5J :!h ~ fiU ,

" (!PmT ~ ®Iff! ufJ IT 6lJ UJ lIJ rrdr ,., . 52). "(YJ ~ ffiJ ®rfJ uS} rT ~~ ~GrT,J

Qo:{!fIILJQ;P6'r}QJ u5J~IJ8;® • • ~.,., (LJ[Dw. 78).

, ,

(yJ6OTffiJ@j - (yJ~ c9i@j. (yJ

C!J1mT,8;a;Qjw" ([D{b. 714).

(!J>rfI = Q.Jm'""GlI· (!j)rfi - = c: a: tr LhufiU (!ppS/ ~~GiJ.

ey:>rfI {ffI WI 1t;?j6V = s: · 611 U tB LJ.l/-cF C:<F mou 6"iJ c!:p{!fI~1hoiJ.

QJJ~® - (!JJ~ (y)ti6ST ® - (yJ _~_ (y1~(YJ

~6U = @jlJm6lJUJL&~U C:U8i.pjru.

. (yJarr!iJ@j{D6lJ = 1. ~1J~fiUU1LJ;51u C:U&~oiJ. . 4ruwLJ fhblJ. 3. (yJ jJ)J (yJ.f!)J /J~Q;.

9.C:pjfT.: ~" en, obs. mean, E. moan, to make a long low murmur of physical ~L~ suffering. to complain, to lament misfortune, to lament for dead person. 0

- LDrraru = WLffiJ®. uWLDrrmr (urf7urr. 13:62). fold. LDl1j-, LDLffiJ@j.

J.d:;J-fGIDOf' - LJ) ~1 = (QJ L L 6lJ Ill- GlJ n m G u rr@QrC1) fJir ) . 1. ~ fT y5J m r$

L vU. 2. ~® [Drry5Jmc!h C:/DlJw. 3. (l&fTLJIJ {DfTy5Jm& LD~. 4. rr!fJUJ~. 5. ma;LbLD~. 6. GU(!!)QJLL_ LD~U UQlJm& (gongJ. 7. ~ JJ)J6lI LL w~ U U6lJ6lSl8i (c: 68iwW Lq._). 8. ~.!J)l U D Iff! wrnWIU Gf6l7w (riI.j.) 9. CJj~JJj"r;rth (rilJi.). 10. UJ~8;8n_,*,@,

..

UrrQJIlQRJTIT

87

LD<i5?rfF = (lL.@fiAr6DL 6U~61IfTm- GJUfT®61raQr) 1. 8imr L.D~. "c!liC!!J LDfiRf}u1Jtb ufTQJrrtl/' (®!Dw. 1123). 2. Qurr6irLDfiRf}. "L.D~u5J@ ~6lJ)Q) UJ~ aq:rT~iJ" (gQJ&. 977). 3. UfTU1LD~~ 4. an.6lJLf)~. S. 1L®~jJ trtt J;e;LD~. "wrrUlQ)fT tpj LD~jJ8iy>C:LD6lSfl"" (QurftUJ4. ~

6). 6. UJ.!f)lLD~UJffJ~. 7. G)U(!§LD~UJrf1m. 8. QHi~Q)C: • jJtb

8iLLfJ-U1 (§6iIr@. "j}AT LD~ 6"5J Glf1 wLf!D& Ga;fT j,./IJI" ( , QI tr.

22:13). 9. WWQJ61f)QJ c!:p,+5or. LJJ~Ql6mQ). 10. '., C:~6iT

(!p{!jroJlLJ61Jdl«f/w GlS;I'f@~LJ)~.. [)

(lpw - (Y.>l:_@ - (!!pLA)L = t. ~61ifrmLUJfTQT ~~ (JJJL6lS)L_. "4Q)6lf~mJlJl( c!pLQDLQKJ _ .. 5Jy>ffiJQ&IT@ GU.f!)JI~ (4flJw. 176).

2. z!_QJ8i&. "G &{f 6'Ir th. ~(i6')r!F (!JJa;Qg Q IF,u {Ij l1mr L!l-QJJIjl"

(8iwulr;TfiE .. ~®QJL!I-. 66). 3. c!Frr_l1.JC!§ , UJ QJLLLDfT&~

1fJ L_ IJI- it, & tt UJ a> QI" {h QJ!D L_ 111-. "G ~ @j (!jJ L m L ILl tiJ "

(.J#,(f!);Lurr. 1. ~(!§.QJ<!!Jw. 105)~ 4. QJ L 61J!)JC1ifD6Url1l-' "9®

(!PL~ Gl~u'/' (U~GlfJTrr. as;rr~~.~

m .. (yJLQOL. &. (!jJLGL. ~

(lJJLe>L8ilhfilM, (!:pLmL& s;' rT, (!pLmL& &j,~rf1.

(!pLAlL8; 8irr6fTfT~, (yiLfiflL aT c!:p~6"6JUJ 8ifTL(JJ# QCFrr{b8i6Tr

1!..<!!J6Ur6lf>L_ QJ~QJrrw Glurr 8i (§!D1UU6lfT.

(!JJL@ - (!jJ" I fTW = 7. LDc9c!F ffiJ®. 2. ~(!J!KJ!)J t8[b!f)JQJ{D{b@jrflUJ

IFlTfiW6l/®mrfimL. i1®tltb (!J>" I fTQg C:UfT@ (IL.QJJ.

(!pL@ - (yJLIJI- = (JutiJ8i ~.~. LDL'-9-.

(!pm - QP~@ = .!L Oit66)L. (yl""@w CYJ'-9-#8rw.

(!pmr@ - c!:pdlsrLrr ' c9lFL5Ju>ffiJ®.

~(£J - (y>mr61Jl_---_'=' . (!j)L..(i(f)L. "(y)oWrnL o5I6lD6fTuIPw" (ui/tb. 60:6). 2. &®ro5I .

c!::pAlrr 6lf>L. - L = &(!!j6l11 y51. "6D1 y51 ~~®&a; u5J filIfrAlL6lJ>UJ&

(;)a;rr6TrQl ,,, j). 108, ILAlfJ).

(l::fJL@ -~~ :;: fLrg,tiitfJrAlLUJfT611 eDlmfh· ®C!!J8;@j(yJ~4P' @jJ!)J(!p~~/;j)lh = /B@!J(!9biJrmL 6lJl1I-6lJrr6M uSJ~8;s;Lhu!J)lb.

~0 tb - QPLW = 1. QJ~61Tfil/. "ey>L/JQ{hfT@ ~!D~$D 6lIfTI:Prr

.' ••• L: s-, L-'" ('-/{Dw. 307). 2. 6lJQi)6'IT!h~.{!JJ. "C!:PL/J~rr6'lf)y;" (8i66J/J. 136). ~~ 8; 8i61f18;@jLD~ (!JJL~Q$DffiJa&n (!6Qr. 35). 3. Al8i8ifTQ, ~~. 4. ~L6U urrL60 C!P1Dfi61UJ6lJtb¢'lw ~tbflJw. "u.m-(JWCJJT QT&CZ& (!pL(;W" (~Q)u. 3:46).

(!PLW - (yJL6lId'r = 1. Q[Drr.m-'-9- "q,rrfil)rr~ (yJLQlfib"" (G~rriU. Ga:rT6iJ. 73, j}fi'fTwjJ,J. 2. ~®r;;m6V (~c$$I). 3. 8irrrfl (UJffiJ.).

88

(!jJLLD - (y)L6lJ. (!:PL6lJ~~ = Q!Drrmr@~ru (UJrry,uJ

<!:pL.QJ rrfiilhfr 4- (C!:J>LLD + ~ mr l1I-) = Q a;rr ®8i QQ/GTrtOYT fT61r IT ®Q)~iJ {iJ Ul !D 8J @w t5I !D 6l1l (!JJ L8J ® Y' [t, m {h 8i fitS) GYT 6T@ ~ ~ QlGTf rt 8;@ W @lJuGurrrr QJa')8)uJ}WrT.

(!JJLW - (yJLoU - (!JJLfitD6lJ = 1. 9L([!)mrmL (u/ffiJJ 2. (!:fJ "(!JJLmQJ ~flJ8iJ~" (LD6Rf1(]W. 16:26). 3. C!:P®@' (i)GlJ . 4. !J>6tOQ). (~c$. tfJJ 5. wrn-Q/wrnLD. "[DwJ!)Jq;m trmu (!JJLm~~WJ;8)m"

(u!J). 25). 6. G"lu(!!jriil @j{D@ (~.g;. !I.). rrV

(yJ L ffiJQ 8i rr dr f!J tt r;;kr - (!jJ La; C;Lg; tr rb (D tt dr = ~ @; ~tfH;lJ 65) UJ U

C:urr8i®w QQifTU/-Q/fitf)c$. 0

CYJLW - (!:pL{hm;'h = 1. (!JJLW. 2. QJm6Tf~~ f/,6tf)~ GJ!D6iJG6J~

&61Sl!J)U1l.D6U &!J)6Dfl" (ui){iJ. 32:13). 3. fifiJ~ @G{6mu (M.L.).

c!:p LW - (yJ L ffiJ (!!j. (!JJ LrID ® {D 6U = 1. 6lS) ~ Q). "~ L ffiJ 5/ ~ ro&r

c!:pLffiJ~UJfiI)LbQ/[i,f~/' (TLI>~{J1:rrr. QJ iJ{lJ. 72). 2. 9LLtb~U

6lJmGTf~~u u@~~a; QQifTro1r~~.£~ L (!JJL-J6J~UJ 6tf)uffiJo;L. Qo={A{DrrliJ" (!6JD. 103). 3. ~ffiJ@j{lJ~QjrrJD UfD6"tf)Q} (!PLffiJ®UJ GJCFr8c!fmL (!jJef,c!hfiim 6Mrrrt~' Y!ti)G)61fTrr. QUfTwQJmr. 64). 4. aT ® ffiJ ® {lJ 6iJ. "@LffiJ® 6"6) ~~ ~ Gir (y> L ffiJ ~ u5I ® fA ff» y51"

( U i)Q 61fT rr. j;I ®G5J mL (!pw. . 6"al8iQ;fT 6i> 6lI YJffiJ SifT wtbG u tt ~Q,.

"6lS)e;a;rrro (!jJLr6J@j QUfT (UI[J46'6lffiJ. ~~. 1). 6. ~mLu

u(f;J~6iJ, C:GlJ~Q) (yJ • ~ L.L~. 7. Qc!1i@~GiJ. "UJ.!J)J6lS>LD

Qurr(!!j{!iJu G'Ju®mLD (!jJ " (~®uLJ. 372).

o

Q~. (!jJ@@ (gJ, 8i. (yJ

(yJLr6J® = 1. 3. G~®59tA~.

(!jJL.r!iJCliru = 1 • @iowa; (@Lrr.J 2. &@GQTfTAlQJ8; 8;UJ-'PiW

"w~~6'lf) r§J&6iJ" (i1(;l)u.13: 90). 3. C!PL~®q ~~Q) (@JLfT.).

4. (!:pL/J tt. ffil.J. 5. umrw (yJLffiJ~8; 5JL&",~. 6. ~~LU

gJ.f!)J rnw. rfuo;6lrr LDW ff6tJ)ruwGw u51rafl {ljfTu5J tb .!J)/' (iJ ®~tb. 30).

o

(yJ L· IT ~ IT dr {D6Rf1 rn L.D t6J 6iJ I'L 6ilsr LIT ® I b c: ~ rr rt 6lf . "@)@6lJ)GlT

fYJ WID (YJL-J6Ja;rr f)fP/J~" (~&Lb. 147) .

~~:.I~f;I]"_' - • CJ!6rrUJrrtb5J61>LUJrrtiJJ; 5JLUU-6lJWeQJQr. 2. !IQ.)~i)Qr

!BI' I W.

ts; • @j - (yJL8;(!!) = 1. QJfiU)fJ1&J. 'UfTL.&LD 9<!§ &uui}UJrrtUu UQ) ~_8;&fTGQ) GUrT c9;(§W QJ(l6l/w ILw6vLJT6ITrrtb C:UfT61J' gQJ&. 510. lLall7). 2. G~®6DJfiir C]8ifTGRTw. 3. (I;pL8;@ CJWfTi)I7W. GJ~6Yf1 (G1~(lj)16.u, 143-4, ILQDU), 4. WQDID[t,Ai/ ~wGJuuJlLJW (yJL&&6f){D {Lf.

·

urrQJrramr

89

QQJ. 5:1), G&fT@!J)' 5. (yJLffil(f!Jw ~rr8;®. "~""AlSTe!:PQLy> (!:PL8; 5165>6V UJ@j,i)" (~aU)filf)a;u4' ~8i/Ji)UJfiIT@6tr. 280). 6. (!pL8;@j ClfDfTliJ. 7. ~rnL. 8. s;rrQ).j,~rrsPuLJ. 9. G6lJ6I)QJul16iTmw.

&. Qjl@#'®.

(!J>L&® - (y)L8;$oir = ~rrm!P. (c!Fr6J. ~t$.).

(yJLffiJ® - LDLffiJ®. LDLffiJ®~ru = 7. QJ6(f)6'(T ~"'. "

(!::pL.ffiJ~ L.DLrk/5J" (a;~/J. 94 : 9).2. WL8;({!)fl}60 (iJQJrr ~~6i.>.

4. b)JmGTT{h411 Q<!FQ)s»~6U. S. w@!J~iU (UJItJ.). 6. tt ~®t.hu

QJ®~Q>. 7. jJ(!!)®(f!J{DQ) 8. Q!DgfJ~6U. 9. 8r(!!JffiJ(!!)iiii. 1a. 9@1iI@j~ii>

11. @ja>tD~GiJ. "LDLffiJ9ifT 6'5Jm6TTIL/w QJUJjJllT~~QJU. 23:119).

12. §i{puu@~ob. "a;rrQr;rrr6'6J LDL.ffiJ8J ... a;wi;~w~~ C:uQfJfT6l51" (s;wufJrr[fJfT aJurrc!F. 291). 13. ~rry;,1hviJ. 14. ~~d!#~6iJ. "iLy>~fifTrrrt 6lSlCliW LlJLt5J5J6iT" (®!D6Tr. 1036). 15. U1~~{ljQ). 16. rfllf)J/J{l)u u(f;J~QJ "W6iJr1 10 rflmGJlDfT@ wt__Aj® '( · UIJ1T. (¥bu. 267). 17.

~~L IL/mrm»~6iJ. 18. QJrrUJLffiJ~ . ~®QlGiu Qc!Frr/J!!U j)rnQarrr@ QlwisTurr[b Glc!F6MlD61S>~~

LDL.r6J(:!!) = LD~ cMQT6l/. "j)C!!>L.DL.ffiJ~ Q6lJuJ i/JI Lh" ((:!jv;(f fT BioUUJ tr. 165). LDLJ§J@j - WL&«!j. LDL Jl = 1. GlJ6U)6Jrd;~6b. 2. LDl1I-~{h.u.

"6lJrr6iJ651mCFj, Gl~@/J4JJ QJ • L8i~" (a;wuf:JfT. SiL[lJfT<iilJ. 17).

3. LDUI-/J/tJI 1:L@/J4JI~viJ. "us IT L/66Ju5J 6irT C:!DfT&~QJ" (G{hQJfT.

955:1). 4. ~®ULJPiGi>· Gc!F. fi1@/J4JJc9 G8=fToO~W ~(£I/J

fD@/J4P/J i)®wu/Ji)® ®UJrr!D~6)l.D~~~. S. LDrrp5JWfT{l5I~

Q8=tiJ~Q). 6. QQJW §l~' @fh~~Q). 7. QJrrUJLJ;®~GU. 8.

<!1irr 6iJfh6G)L$m~ <Ol11 6lJ~iJQ) ILIJ ~~ tD8)fT 9i @l7rrGQJ6lJ)6JTu.1l6iJ

~C!!J(J5FJ dPlL8;~ ~. 9. G'Ju"®Qra;a>~/J ~WQJUJu u@t.4»

:2)Q>. 10. U~filIrT • IOiJ 11. {h@di{EloU. 12. ~y5J"~fio. "WL8;@!J6lJfT

lL/u5JmfJ GUlar WU[TfT. @jWU<!1i. 188).

LDL$@) = 1. W"GlJ. 2. ryJrnfiU(yJ@&@j. 3. ~®U4. 4. UJlJI-u4.

5. LDLr9; . O. LDfTtDJW(Tp5J QJ®6'lf>CIl. 7. GlCFuJIL/6lfJ.u 6T@~8

G)a;(TVib • UJ61T ~®iJ~(£1~~ wmr(l;Jili wmr@th QUfT(!9""

G6lJjJ)JUL)_ QI~rrfilUJ Qc!FfT6U6lJ~QJOff>8i. 8. ~@u4. 9. ~mL.

LDLJ; ~ ~9;8iLD = 1. QJtm61T"'4 2. QJ,;w9;8iLD 3. u~Q/. 4. W6JTQJL.I. ~ til j;J®wL/tma-..

L.ffiJ ChoU = 1. 6)J~<Offm8i (iJQJfT')' 2. c: c!JjfT~t.b 3. rjjfT 6I>1J) .). 4. cYJ[b{l5l Q)6ID61T tbf!Jl (F rflu!A~ &~ IT. 5. (!JJw:J)J W UlfiM ~ t.b

• UJ G JDfT 8i5Jq Gl c!F 6UQJ ~rr 8i<F Q (F rr6U6lJU u@Lb ~ rfl LDfT. "LDt__ffij !b g{l5l W6lJ)6l)~GfD@!h~rrtt (L[.QQJ.324). 6. dJ)/L&S;W. 7. §)~8;a;t.D "OJ)W!hi!JI6tnL GUJfTC!§QJWJ LDL.r!iJa;5J»!B'" (urfiUfT. 144). 8. 'ILt6Irt 8i6'tf)6fr & 8i6lJ(!!)riiJ rlktbJ!)JQJW' "wL.ffiJ a;6iJCl u rr {b U1mm@" (&aS1j,. 2.).

<:~QI. UfT. 12 - 4

90

9. tLQJQs;rr@ffiJ®w l!l§!1yS1~ChfT.uth. "LDl_!A/a;{iJ &rrmQ/' (&Q)J.J,. 120). 10. ZL6lJl!'I)ySI~®W 6lJL61>QJ~~. "LDLr6J8iQ) 6lJ6iJr~ffiJ Q8ifT6WL s;@~iJ{DfJiJ" (uiJtb· 62. 8). 11. lIDlySl (!JJ~6l/.

(yJ6W@ - UJ~@ - wmrLil-- = 8ifTmQ) (!JJL8i5! C!:PYJffiJ&fTru •

"9®~fT6b LDAfrl1l-UJfT <$ ... LlJL1I-~/fJlmQJi>B" (4!Dw. w6iM llI-C:u rr@~.u. wmrLq-u1J@{66UfiTwWJwQly;8;®a;.6lblJJl.

(YJL@ - WL(f}1 - WLl1J-. UJLI.!I-~~GiJ = (Q5.@j.65/.)LD,,", L6'6J ~{!JQ;, QJ...._. -.Lf-i""-

(Qq, ®m {lJiTQ}J) QJ LLwrr c!i;®pj6U. '" j) 'fa LJrW t$1Io.ft,.........-

(a~Qlrr. 12:3). 0

• L6'I'iJ. w~Lro6J~{Dfiu - 1. 6lIroGrT ~$h'" 2. urrwL_f ~&._LD tt 0; ~ (h tb pSI t61 ® ~ 1fJ Q) . 3. Q)J QJQ) rr 6JfI c9i tr rn Q) WfT 9,@j$h6U. 4. @.f!)JiJUi L1I-u5J ~ dJ)JGUQ) 4P @.f!)JiJu ~r<r~ iJ et (gJ /J /!J ..!PI Vim q g fr et ~ U till [b.!J)J f!tr §) ~ ./J)J . ~GiJQ} 4d c!:p~{hu tt Ll1J--~ (!JJ~ru et ~/Jf!» ~(itf)1F €I rT

6T 6isr 61r fftr;;M {DrrliJ QJ(!!JLDrr.!J)J. QqthUJ61fImqj,~Gi>.

~ - LDL.oJ. LDL.oJ~{!jQJ = LDl_!A/8i1" iJ<!!JwLJ{ljQJ (UlfTlP. ~9..). ~Q)W - ~l1I-Q)W = 1. QlLI ID. 2. QlLL._ Q/L9-Qlw. 3. QlLL._.l; 17'L""Y • ..,..~ rr llI-. " rrn LDUl.f!)J L.D~ ~ fit) Li:J c: u tr QJ ~ 8i tt L L" (w6RfJC: to. -137). 4. 8ii)r;JQJw. "U&fJiJQCFuJ LD~L1I-6lJW UrTrfJ~~"ffiJ~" (Qu@Lburr~. 442) S. j;JffiJe;Qr, Qc!FtU6l/.!J)J wmrt..q-QJw (s;661/J. 7). 6. (9fTQ)w. "8)L~@;lP ~t.q...QJLb" (C:!JJ!)J~. 300). 7. &iJfJQJ61)mlJi!6'

LD~@ - uH;lRsTLQ)w = 1. QlLLW ( , LrTLD6WLQJW"

(j;J@~tb· 80).2. QJLL6lJLlI-6lJW (i)QJIT.) 3. ~fi5TtLJ!A ilffiJ8;6f)W

tL.Jc9 &[btDJ/J C:~rrm /J)./w C:8ifTLmL }fI· QJLW). 4. 1Ji~t;TQJ. urf]u4 (~r;rrr!6iJ .aiJ)· 5. ufTwUl6irr &~ Q/(rl_61JW uuSl5J}JfJ&r'r" (urrfJ~. ®@®6U. 3). 6. 6lJLL_6lJ~~6bQ)~ c!F8;8ifJQJUJ-QJfTW UfimLUJ06lLDU4 (~!DQr. 767 tL~ f6rrLlJI-oiT QU([!jwu(!!JiJ.

'4aO:rTYJ~Lfil) wG"," (i'® 9!J. 8. 6lJrrQlTQ6lJ6'If1u u®iJ, (yJ5J6iJ

LD~LQ)t.b 9. [DfTLl1J-tOirr ~ rT (i51ffiJ.). 10. w~i)fJ# 5&8ifJW

11. WrociaTlJI-6V @mfitJ (i5JffiJ.). 12. ® ~Qx;o!JjJ ~rrtbu~m~!60 !5fTW

Ga;rrmrL LD(!!jiJ~6lJ#' c$ Lb. 13. ®i)fmt;1g G)gQ)6lf QJ6lf)ai.

"u~mflUJ 08iJutiJt61 Lb uuJJtbt61 mrrGw" (gQJ&. 795).

14. ~@6l1I fJ QJ .!DI WI fL/ W G u 6b !§JafJ ILl r§J 9n_L1I- QJ6lJ)QT!6~ (!!j&8l,

w{iJ{D 6llJ O"6Uc9)@9W ~ • w!htPJ tEl tb®w @Gal6WUJrrG"filrn06Ta;6lf)c$.

(U}ruu. 3, 18, n.esur). cOUC:6UfTn- if)mfilJtl./Qt;)ffrTQr.f!)J «({!}LrrJ.

16. C:Lf)~6l)c9)t.b, u

wmrL.ruw - ~_~V"~VI

• •

LD~Lfit)LD -

·

UrrQJrr6ATrr

91

Wrfu o;rn6lTUJ<9 artbJDILuu@W (Jo;fTL~L (tiJffiJ.J. 8. QJLLLDrr (]UJfT@6llBi. "Qa:Q)QQJrr@ UJ~liI-Q)f§ Qa:6ir.!J)J" (4- QQJ. 12. GlQJm-p)Ju 14). 9. ®~61j)f7# Gl<!FfilJ6l/GlJ6mo; ({DfTLD"U. 732). 10. QjfTAI 6lJLt ID (OIrfiJ.). 11. !DfTL_UI-~ QU®WU@j~ "W6lfJrt.!I_Q)j, ~ (Q~fTGU. dPl8i~. 41) 12. [DrrLli/-6tr ~.!J)J u®~ . .ti!1ri c!Tn.~i) ~ QJfil5)t!h.

UJ~ Lq-6IJUJ tr U '-I = {ljfT {bfl I}" Lq-'* Gl<F ti.J I1JGlr. g

@/5/bff g5J6TUFtL/W W67NkJ..Q) UJffUL/W ((1 (\

@L.L(!jJ (:PHTlq..& Q&ffL"I-6IT QQJ6iru (Qthrrw. Q8~

lJ)6W/Jj.Q)r&J ~LL Qw6irp5J6TJQJ u5J{T6lJir@LiJ f? ~ 0 Qt!FJbg& ctJUJQ) QQl6irliJ66Tff'; '-!6lJQJ'; (Q~ . ~~16)

~diJf!iJwLh L1J~UJ-6U UlfTU4/J Gl{hfTGiJ&fT • • C:GI)C:UJ G1<!FfTQ)Q)u

uL._~(!!jj,~mQJUJt.b "orwWWfTrT 4(;1) w~w c!p~~6iJ

U6lJQJtDQ)!Dr$ ®p)J8;®~ G{hrrLmr;rILf~p)J GtDfTc$rt!JJ,;

t61 m 6l) W6W UJ- Q) QJ tt iii rf7 UJ U u rr, ~~ 6lhrr llI-ilJ QJ rr UJ rf1 UJ i.J u tt 6TW~W ~o;QJtbUfT Q16lf)&8idr. ~riWiifiG~rrL(J;i QJVJffiJ~ QJ(!!JQJaT.

ilJuSl y> UJfTU 4 (yJm{lJ (YJtDJ!)J W, q c!FIT rT u!DID:!lJ·

U)~Lq-Q) LDfT8;8)W = ffJITLlJ1- • g)UJ ~~t.b ~i)$rrrfla;Glr.

u~~ C:<!FfT!J)fDfT" lq Gisr t5Jrfl ~rr~mL W~L6U(!JJt.b, UlJ>e9

(15'7 (DfT" '9 6iT UJrf16lJrTiJT ~ W6i5rLfilJc!::pW C:UlTwpJ U60 ~

L",rfiJ 8i6Tr, c!:p~{b8ifT Q)~ 6iJ LlI-QJ uur c$ o;ti/rr ~Q)Q) ~ LD6Rr L

6l51S;fr 6TGir~tb ~iJo; ~fTC:Q)C:UJ ~QTUUL_(j)I 6lJ~~®~~.u

G6lJmsr(f;Jw. ~QJrr a;w ®(£Iwu~~6"5TfJ tt 9) (JQJrr, 1L@G51~~6f1Jr

i!JlIw C:QJ6TTfT~ I;JfT&GQJrr, ®!f)Jt61GU WWffifJrrs;(]QJfT,

~6irrL~ ~Q)Q)QJ tt ~®!hil®8;&6Urrw.

fiT.m ~ {b!!)J J; ~ ~ QT 6l/ C!:P <.!:P ~ u a U tr fiaT U y:> Lb U fT mr LfI-

{DfTLfTW "G · QlJj)c$G&rr(£l UJQJmf1UJ t61GU(!JJw" u~LDm6U

QJ6IlfJ U u!J1r9 C3<!Ft;J (JeFrry; ~rr@o;@!Jw, ~®£h{h (yJ§jJ

uJjlffiJ&rr • ~fhI-1SIsj) 6l1YJr6J5JUJ (yJ~~ ~~ OT~~momalUrr

LD6W L6Q;diJ fT 8iU U(!!J8;c!JjUU L(j)I W6W La6J&fJ rroU ~ 6fT U U L(l;I

• QPC:QI~®tb.

U • ®Lfl-UQUU1lT8i@!Jti/rr ~dr!Drrw U<95QJokr orA1~c9

~~ {D fi6I ® 8i lP 8i 8; 8i IT fit) .J)/ 6iJ fit) ./IU {Ij 6'6> fiU 8; a;!J) tIi ,$,g; rr Q) U

~UJtt, 6R>fiCflfTUJmr;rlLJrt (~6iJ6lJ4P LDmtL~8irT) !B6lJmlJ& @ J6rrLfTAirLAlwQ)UJ UJom-rt tJ,~ Lb.

"u cFQJ fiGf@ 8n.9lJw" fiTw!f)J lS~w JjlT{b!Drrmr@ tdII®aJT~rfI!6rr~ UfTUl-UJ~C:UfT6iTa!D. "uuSlQUJrr(£t uLlJrru Uc9.!F6lJ 6'JJrruSl" OTAr.[DJ

92

2 ~ Lh ~ tb!D rr Qu-@ @,,"dilG8ifT611t.q-8i(@jw U tr UJ- t61 (!§~ ~ 6iJ

C:6lJ~@w .

.M@j~QJW fiT6ir~19 Q~fT.uGQJ, UJtb8jfT~/Ji)fiiJ QJl_GLDfTflJuSJ~W Q(DQsrG;) wrrfIJtD1 ~ W UC!t§IFQJv;5r et Qu.!J)1 i)rfJ th~{DfT &~ G1 ~rf151w!D4JJ. (61D&- 61- !EUJ/!lI- lBlP- !BrhD- 8J!A{!jQJQr-eJ~e:QJAT- dru<9IFQJw).

9.C:/hrr: ~UU61rW - Gf6. dJ/UULQP. &. UUUGYT - 10 -

QI. UrTUULL. ~UU6TT&ChL_mL ru LDfT66)QJ

~uu61f1/Jf!jmwuu~ dJ/UUiTTw. (f ~ -

(!Jl6W@, UJ6i6T@, w6iJl1J/-_, W6WLfilJW, UJ6i6TL.o1~.Lfi15}/J~QJ,

~L1I-Q)Lb c!:p{!j~UJ Q<FfT{bC1i6Tr (J1..[)Q)Q)UJrrrfJUJ 9i61fl6l.> ~.

Mandalin (Dim. Mandolinde) 6'T6iu~w @~$h ut5/6tDt!F& c$@66Iu

QuUJ@w, wv;m-L66IUJfTlP 6TW~W Q fTa06l516isT i/rflurrtU

@®~{!j6iJ CZQJ6lhrr@w.

{!juS! flJ6M G) ~~ a>LD, Q fJjfT6irOlf)W, (yJ • 61S) ~ @{€Ial6UUJrr a; ~1}" rrtiJ t6 {h{l51 ~ ~QJ J...cn.tcn. GQl6ir~AlL w6ID6lJUJrrw.

cY'1h6'61 UJ ~ro6T 61S)W<$63)QT {i>sn.{l51 UJ65)QJe;, UJ oUQ) tt tb

.Il . . ' . ...0 •

~f:J~Il"( = 6lJ6I)6JT ~~ c!PIGlJ6lJ ~ &fD p' 8i

C!:P~@ - (Y)~l1I- - (yJL!J-. c$L@fljGlJ.

(!:plJI-ii{!j6lJ = 1. an_th~mQ)8; r;hl:::::;::..l"'9lS~ b. "UfT~9rrQ$ an.~~~ (!JJllI-&&" (i/Q). GurflUJ~. 6:7:8). 2. IT Q) Qa;rrem-filf)L.t6Jtb a;L._LfJ- UJQ5fJ:!66lJ.

"61S)8)Lj6'6>6IT C1i6WmfJ <YJ.l:lI-i>{!! ." (o;66Ji> 107,'15).

o

(!J>lJI- = 1. u£Da>6ll t5J • • 8i6ilrr6WfJ (noose). 2. r!1)L._($I. Ql.DfTLA>L~

~6lJ)Q)cii@jLh (!JJy>riil • (!P1..q..J']u rr(£Jtoru (1L..~.J. 3. (!Jll1l-~8i (knot).

"G>o;rrGir~G1T err • 8ifT@QJJIl/- 6l.Imru@rT~' (LD.&fJJ6IlfJ" di 256). 4.

u5J It 8;Q)L.. (])J Q/fifS) 8) (i/ QJ tr.). 5. ~rr ib..[!)J (yJLfI-. 8J6U6UfT. (45:14) .

. a;L_(fjI. (yJbj-.#q:~lJ>._ib. 2. LDtDJtt(yJUi-. 3. ~J!)J L L c!:pl1I-~8i. 4. ~6frf6rrrT e;.®dJrL 9)L 6"4) L. ~LW>....AI' & LlJfTu5I ®Ji5/!D ~.

~''-¥r~ '-I = !i1 ~ I U6f61 (!JJ'4-u4·

. LDl1I-/J~iiJ = L.DL~®$b6iJ. C:~'lSUiU6lS)UJ LDl1I-~~6iJ. ,~¥-u4. LDI1I-~~ <J6'Q)Q). 2. wLJiu@j. @®LDUJ-UJfT~ GUlLlrT.

~'I","'_"'~r7J d')/06)t;JUJfTfif)L~ 61>U (lap). 4. ~~6ir UfTW(!p65)Q), L.&o#......_ffiJ~ ~ ~ ~ C!!Jw alErr wuwU. "uus: QUJQrfjU tb LDrT@!jf;T" (@!DQr. ~. 6. o;L@Ji51mLQ: 51J8;(!!!J1 I.lJLq-UJrf161. 7. 8iL.._@&5Jo)L~ ~fJJ;@ fiR ciCFw, LDLfI-!6fT!DIDW 8. #TtUAlLDu1Jfhrnw. UJI9 UJrru51(lj&B;}(][Ddr.

wIJ1- - LDt.q..-U'-/ = 1. QlQDWfTu4· 2. f)A>(JUL/.

U(J'QJR'8ITIT

93

~e _ (pmar~ ~rr)

CI:fJ6b - e!:PQJ - fYl60W = 4JI61XiTTQJIJI, QJuSJ, QlfTuiib, &rr68tBtBlt ~"iJ ~L.Drr8X4; G&rr6Ar@61lt;rUU@LD, QurrN;&tb ctlc9c'F6iJ ~ ~U UUU@W, QJ([§LDfT6JT QlrflfiI)UJ8J c$AlT8;&tT ~W GlFjJH~

~W - e_yJ66IUJW = QJrru116iJ, UfTrT fY>'&UJLDrrlilei Qc!F • ~rruJ? (IL.QJJ.

(YJ~ - (yJ6rT - (y)W(-!!J. (YJ6ir®~'" = LL._GlqQ)~-.:

AU"rr WIT 6W@tE1!D (!:PW t!MT 6" (!6tb. 765).

<!:Pfirr - (IpilIIr - LDfiRT. LDfiRTf!J)JIhQ) = 1. (yJ@~~6b. "u &&111 LDfiiB65IfI"

(4!Dw. 79). 2. tC'7rr@~6iJ. "@(j)IuSI Q&rrfiilrT wliiJ lJjQ)(ylW"

(Q~rr6b. LIfO;'. 13). 3. c$(g16l/{lJQ) "LD~~· t616ir 8n_6f>IPILIW"

(&66I~ 107). ~

LJ:)dIr~./!)J~~Q) = 1. LDr8IFW LDfTL_®~,' fnt8ia&rrQ) LDfT(5)Q) (9J (ffi eotu mr UJ fiW f!J)J.f!)J LJU ill tr t.q.." ~ . 2 352 ) . 2. 8i@ 6lf ~iU.

(f)(!!j(9J(!!)((!j. 25, 1L(ffill). ~

(9J f1rr - e!:P6TT = f!P ~ = 1. ~t$I f1rr etr ffJI· 2. f!JI A> fi1T UJ .f!)J !f, ~AiI·

3. f!_J!)JUUQf)!D. 4. f!_J!)IuL/,$ 'fruuQJlTQJ)a;mw ~UJrr&&M

(j)IJrrw/6fT. !!LtL/~. 26). 5. 1L.f!)J 6lfltDlLIQrfJT Gurr®dr . .-ri\>Q)trtb

~1LIt.h a;rr61f1ILJLDrrw8i 51 (IL.Qlj. 6. ~6f)!D6lJ6ir6fT ~

c!IIQJ6ir QJIJrrmwUJITQ; ([5ww f!jl6fflUJn-tltu CurruiltiJJf)J. 7.

&fT~fiAf1I61fiiJQ)fT~6tr. 8. A)Q1T8; ®pJI/J{fJ 9®QJAUF6 Q,"_

9. (D)u""mtiilJT8; ®¢1 I.b(;(;)UfT 6,iG)a:fT6U. 4'9® !6"¢1IU"IfIW

QJ@w. 9® eyJ6Jf1UJfT (eYJlJllUfTjJ}JW) QJ([§W" (ufI)J. :z: f)<!J

.a LL1I-ibC!J ~ 8; m 8; ® til {6 fT uSJ u.J IT iJJl W QI(!§LD; QI_"

w(!!Jw&QTrr _ tb ...... ,.-.......

~8;8irr~ = ujQJQ)(f8; &fT~. 2. c:!JIguI· I &lT6.

&l6lf18it$rr 6WIu51ibQJfT {D6lJQr. 9® QJ6'4)6iG)6nW, c::fjlli*,

BiJ!JJo6J UJ 8)fT 4JI.

~67fIci;@j • fj)@ LD([§ril~ QJfTUJmLti~ e' lb.

-...0 Z), ••

&J'oJlI UJ ~ 8ifT {D.!f)JUI , {fJITUJ.

= OJG1TtIl~ 6lJ~@.

= ~Q)~!A~ fjt@.

- fYJ¢1 = 1. :!LL_®¢1t!~ ~,g;Ufi5)U (i)QJ"J. 2. rBrt8i&fiUW. "LDU5lIJ UJfT@ eyJySJ{8rr ma;u5Itb udJpJI" (Qutf#1J4. i)@€8rr6V. 607). rrtfflmQ) (t5JffiJ.). 4. 4iJlJ)rrQMJ; &mLfLlw wt.6 (W.). r.!:Pli'QlrrtU - SJ,Jic9n..6'tf>L "ry;ySlQJrrtlJ ey>6lJA)Q) LD"A>QJ" (gQJ6.. 833).

,

i

94

fYJ6rr - eyJ~G1r = 1. OTSUWU}w m_Gtrw@. 2. Wom-6lS>Lu5J6tr ILfOtr"'@. "e!j)65)6TTUJfTrT U/(J Ii/!;!" (iJQj· G)urf1UJ~ 4:2:8). 3. LDiJ· ~QJ~J;@j~ G t!hfT8t!F ffiJ8n.L ty)6J>wuiJ6i>6lDQ) (tL.QJ J.

Ln. e!:PVifT. ~.C:!DIT: QI. LDe?~fT.

UrT~Q),

• •

C!JJ~fDQ)·

6i> (!fJ~5J

OE. mearg, OS., OHG. rnarg, ON. mergr, E. marrow. (yJ6Tr - (lJJfP - (!:fJ~@j. QJJ@®rjj6lJ=I. ®6YfJ ~$ljQJ. 2. ~ uS1~e--.. ~ o;uuGU c!:p@5Jro5JLL.:fJI. 3. ~6'6)", (yJUJ tbgJu5/ru ~

4. ~tt q,s; C!:PllJ-UJfT ~GYT6lf 8iLQrr uSJ@j~6iJ. ~QJoisr~~ 651LLfTar. ~

ID. (!Jl(!¥t!J&. 5. (!Jl@, (!JlC':¥t!J- Q:fj. (!Jl@!)/@j (g)f? ~ /)

(!Jl~@j - (!Jl(!!,";. (!Jl.@8i{hW = !!!"L._4@j~ ~c!!J61 6lJ~'-"~UJ ~QfM(JJY;)fTuiJW (p;!GlJ. QurflUJiJ. 2:8:7). ~~

(!Jl@~ - ~@,? - C!:P@~fPJ· (!Jl@~fPJ{h~ ~~fPJ{h~. "~iJ.j,6"6>,g; (yJ@~iJ!DJ!)J (Fr-@. 3:5:1).

(yJ@/J~ - (Ip@.j,ff)/GfiJ. (t5J .G11I.J. (!fJ ~~tsIJ~ru = ~ u51 y;;;?i.{fJ Ql/ j,{D6lJ, "W~~6lJa>IJ···· C!:P@/JAP 661 • QCFffiJ®®~ (!par" (UfTIJG6lJ~ .126).

(yJ@C!!!; - (!J1@a; = (YJc!::pfilJ ~ Lb. ion L(J:P WIT LCf,# Q ~li.J@)fiifJT .!J)J

(yJ@8iJi «!jYJfT LD 6icrr l1I-" (i) (!!J 42).

(yJ@ - e!PJP. e!Py>/J$lj6U = ~ · Ga:tiJ~fiO. "e!:P{P/J~ (DfTGfT/h tBrnt;J

Wfi61fT UJmLD/J~ QU('!JLDfTm Q). GurfiUJi/. 6:8:2).

(!JJ@® - e!jJV;@j. \!:p~ • 0 1. L/®ff66U. "QlfT6JT fYJY:>~8 ~~airr{b

p5}ma:8i®Lh" (w./Mm ). 2. dPI@!f,/fJl~6iJ. "a;.~fJUJt.hLJ ~fpc!/;"

(t!h~di. 6). 3. ~u5} 6\). "C:6lJLa)c!J) GQ/~tBrfltb Clil!J-UU eyJJj>51"

(j)C!!Jrurrq. 6 41). · @j~6U. "c!p67fIc!p~ar e!J>lP8iJUJ QQJwmw

~rTtl>~" (aiOl5Jdi· .. L.Da>!D~GU. "65JUJ~L.D(i4)fiU &J~~# &LrT8irrar

wrrpSJUJ QCFiiJ J;&J" (~J!)JUfT~. 770).

e!:PlP8i tyJ{p&l.!I-/J~roiJ = ~{pai# Gt!FtiJ~GiJ.

(!}J@/Jjf)J - .~. fYJIP/J§J1{!Jv;i) = ~(p{i,fP{!JG"iJ·

o

(lP(gJ® = L. ergo, mergere, F. merger, E. merge.

emerge, submerge QJ>~r;6}UJ Q!Frr{bc!h6rr O1/D8;®Lb.

gfJ6fg J1)l immerse, submerse (!JJ{Dfi6lUJ Qr!FfTtDt9i6Tr UJ[lJ9J(r!!Jw. - c!:p@ffiJ®. c!:p@IiiI@j~fio = (;)5. @j. Q)1.) (YJ@rt!;~Q).

s, (!!j6fg {DfT6l1J.J. Q ~rrilfJTmL8;®6ir J)l6UQ) ~ Qlu5J tbpSl {b®m (yJ(gUJi5 QqtU{b6iJ, mJ@ffil(f!J{LIfib, LD@ QP(gJffiJUJ = 9C!!JQJ~a; G[6ru.

Q~. uSJffiJ@j.

·

UITQJITQJDTIT

9S

(!:p~t6J@) - QJ/~I§J®. 66/ey>r&J@jSl)6U = Gu®wufT~Lb G;)wwUeurrLDSNw QJ IT lit q, ® iir 61) 6lJ ~ ill,.,T LD S» t1J c:!#IQ) Q) 6 u iiJ 6"61 tb U L rr LD 5J}J tb QJulItb[6J{b®Gtr 9(Jr;rUlLq-UJrruJu 4~~il65J(h)~oiJ.

9·C:!6rr: (9J@8i(c!!) - 6l7J(f;I8;~. (IJJ!DuLj - 6'8!DuL/.

(yl(!pt6J(tJj - (yJffiJ®. (ljJffiJ~~6U = 1. !B®m (y)~~6b. "5Jw Gw(!;;pw" (~17®. C:~~. 14). 2. ~uSlY>{6f6Jaurr~6iJ. "(!p (JpffiJ5J& G8i@!D" (~C:LD. 29 : 16). 3. c!:p~5JUJ t8. u51®~1DiU. "G)&lT6lI)Q) (lpffiJ(t§riv e;w661@wfT6U" (~

Q{lI. (yJTiil(§. LD. (y)ffiJf1i/.

QJr6J& • tBJr;r lbU1 U. 25).

(!p~@j~~urr~ (~riiJfiI& @j~uurrw) = !Rrfl~~ uJlfi'6l(Ja{h@Lb

8L6TfQTlTQJT 6TQfT~LD ufDQ)QJ· ~ J)

(yl@(c!!) - (!jJ~8;@!J. cYJ@&rt!J{ljru = (yJ~q..i ~Q). "~u1J6iJ8j@!Jw

6lJrr@!Jff, a{hrr~ a;~w (!P@&~wr'r" (s; • @' ",ila;rrUJ 98).

eft. (!p@51& (g),

(!p@8;S;rr@{hfllJ = 6TmrQmrtiJ {h~ 0; @j~dJ{hfllJ. "miuQmrtiJ

Ge:rr fAC:~ (!:P@&9ifT@QJrrfr" ( • . a:~. SO).

c!:p(g)c$e;rTL._@~Q) = bTmr C:6lJ{hm~ UJ6lJ6ir4aTfitJrr • (G>~tOTT!f,~. 103).

o -'l' • 1"'1 • _Cl' ." •

......".,......... @jilJIIU4Q \.DICFUJbDI~~fit). aiL6\)

& c!hfT L_@ (!pm!D m LD G UJ oiTG ~ tt"

~

o

(!p(gJ&e;rr6TfJ = 1. ey:>rji uC:urrriT (W.). 2. ~Y'6U1tb@l8; (c!!)6YfJ8ie;

G6lJ<HRrr Lfl-UJ Q !6(I!JffiJ Ql}f)(iT m.

c!:p(!g&~@~fiiJ = 1. ®Gi"r G1hrT61l6UUjWUl1I- 651@~oiJ. 2. ~filS)L6l/

Vj6)QJ/J~ GJu tt ® L8i (!JJl1I-UJrT iI@f,~Q)·

(!:p@c$fTwi61 • = o;®6lI {b[6J ®t.~roiJ. ~QJar UJm~6'5J e!P~.!J).J

wrr~w ®&~PfTw.

(Ij)@51&~~ 6b = 1. tKrflGiJ ~u5J (pJt,i)c!!>~1h6iJ. dPl61f)LlJ)my:>uSI~rrtb u u5I rt cY!;@~ 8; g;) L_ 8;!il Gtr {D ~ (IL.QJ .). 2. <!1i L_ 6lJ '-'I-u51 tb ~ L /J {D GiJ.

U61uLD U1@8;,!J)8; @5wIflJiC:8iIT@ ~!h.:!llLDrrQJrrrflu516U <!p@~Ji ~ Lei,

s;}dr . 3. @Ql~Lb c!:pL.J!iJ~9; ~,--~~. ~QJ6irr Qqrr.J,§JJ (yl@§JJLD

~~-r' (!JJ(gJ~J; 8iJL8i51dr{D§J (tL.QJ.J. 4. ~~~~ FF@UL ,...".,.._,........ . c!IJl6lJ~ c9ifTW8; 8i6'lflUJ fT LUJ-GU c!:p@~ 8; ~ L8;~!Drr6irr.

uaurr >fj6U = t. J)/uS1Y>~§ (JUrT ~6'iJ. C:/D[b9)J QJt5~ G)u® G)QJ6lr .-.....u...ZII.L '" ~rt (yJ@';!uw (yJ@~u C:urru5JtbJ!)J (fL.QJ.). 2. ~L1I-C:UJrr@ Q8i@~~. ~~fTL._l1I-6"JTfTQJ ~QJ<Otr@j4- (!JJ@UJu (!urruJJtbw (SfL.QJ.J. 3. ~mL6lJ rnQJ~~ Qurr iJ.{!JJ WLai c!plS/-UJrrQJrT.f!)J a;L_~8;® ILL

96

UL@mJ®ffhGlJ. ~QlW ~06)LGl/mQJ/J~ !KJ6lJW c!:p@QJ~W (!JJQJJ51u C:UfTw651 L._L~ (fL.6lJ.).

(yl~8i® - (y>&®. (lJJ8;@j{ljilJ = 1. tI®6fr (YJ~(c!J~~{ljru. "~Ir~fl>W ._ ~iJ·Gfil)A)rn CYJ8;~ G>UJ~~4J/~ ({D~Q)8iU'-l {!J~i'. 60 6"0>6'0 W6tDflJUJ (c!p@«!j) tBFTLDL.l ,h LUJrT ~6U ~6bQ)!6J tBr;rrr~......v !6@ ~[l5Jtb C:UfT®W (JUfT~ {[,roroGWrt ~6lJQJ)6V

(fL.ru.). (_)

(yJ8;(c!!j - (I:P&@j6lJ6iT = ~ mGYT UJrokr, (yJ~!!Jl 9; ®6'IfI1f.iD~ ~ 6l;6V ~ tC(!!j~ (!JJ@~ ~Q)fil)~ 6lJ~Q)6mUJ tCrfJ6iJ (ljJcii~ LD~UUQJ6ifT (?).

8iLiiJ (!p8;@j6lJar = 8il_oU w~ t5Jl!J-UC:UfT~~QJfT @fil)riiJ~<!h t6Jsuw uJjJ~Ge:[T !9fTL_fT~UJ a8iIJ6YT:i>iJ~~Qf1lr. C:a:1J~fTL(EI (!:pO; @i6ll rT FI' YJ 6lI (!!j L ~ W (!:fJ <!f, 6lI (!!j L ~ Gill riil61D CIi u5I G"6fI ~ .f!)J 6lItJ;{!j{hfT Cliq Q,g: mjvGillu u(j)l6ll rT .,,-..tr.f!)J, @j~ L(j)I :!Ow W61DGillUJ tt ~

- ~ffiJ~wu dP/Bir;J (!JJ~66Ju5J{b cm.!J)lQJtT. ~

<!PJ;®6tfJ~~oiJ «(yJdiJ5J8i ®6Jf}~~~@®~ru, "~6m1Jc9iQJrr (;)C96W@ (!P8;rt!>Qfl~UTJ!)J LlJr;;rr~, ~6iJ" (~®#Qq!h. L516tral.."..

G;)CFffiJ~. 10). !J

Q{TJ. LJa-,~fi1fJ®r!R (pukkulintsu)

(yJJi ®rotfl u u tt dr «(!jJriiJ ®rotfl u ) = 9LGTr 6lT rr 6isT tOT Qrr ~ t.b 57 [!5J UJ

!KrruutDmGlJ 6lJma;. (j

(ljJ@ - (!p@j - (y>c!h. (y)8i • Glf)r;J 8; ®ffJ th~fiv dP/6VQ) ~ f/JJfi6)W f, ~6iJ C:UfT6lJ) Qwrr ........... · .. v--~0ru. 2. tBfruQurr®~~ILJr!J 8YL6lJU

G) U tt (f!j 6'(5) b1T lLJ W a; • dPloUtiitJ.tIP u lSJ-UJ rrGiJ Q WrT ~ LGTT ~fh-U ,

(y>~~6lfJfiiJJ. 3, Q UJ(f;1i;~6lJ. "(yJ8)tb.:!»uil fr eIPy>r!hU LfGUGl5I"

(c!1Jwut;Trr. ®wu . 129). 4. 6l1J(!]jw4{llfiiJ. "e!jJlT c9;8j~r;r ~fr a;a;rr

(yJr$uurr" (r:y; 4).

&. QLDfTQa; (

(yJc9i - ~ = 1. QUJrr61W@QCf,rn:/fT~~6iJ. 2. c!:pa;~~fil)VifTrnQJ. 3. tErr (!JJc$ ®~Cf,([!jro5t. "a;uilJ!)J®.f!)J (yJ8imfil/' (uiJ[b. 22:14). 4. ~a;umu (W.). UJfT a;J; G)a;rr@$&uu@Lb Gurr®m-. "yC1»rt(!j)8i c!:p8)(i5)fii)'/'

(~ . 6. Gl~tbGlum£J.

u urrL@ = $v;rrt>iJtb @LUJ-&(!9wC:urr§)l urr(l;Jw UUfTL(£1. "Qu®r§G)a:uJ~ G1~ru~w (y)8iGmQJU urrL_(£Jw" y:-.-""". U. 10: 137) . "(yJ s. a; ~ 8; G1 c$ tt (£J /J ~ ..BI Girl (!P 8i rn 6lJ UJ fT u51 {b .!J)J " (GWtDUIJj-. fJ_(i6)IJ)·

urrQJrrQITIT

97

cYJ& - c!::p~6iJ = '0 8iLQ) tC 6tf) IJ (!p8iIA,gp Q e;rrGir @!JQJ ~fT e;& &C!!J~U U LL_ WfilfIy)6'JJ rr Qu. "8j6lf)QTuJ1®6fr 6lJ ITfig ffiJ 8iLW ey>& th~" (&6"61/>. 145). "(!JJ5/surflc9&c9 (§¢/" (L/.Q6lJ. 6:22). 2. i/I7Qr (OIffiJ .

5. (!JJiiJ~ (g), Q,fj. QUJrr~5J» (gJ.

(yJ@ - (yJm!)). (yJm!})~{D6iJ = ~mrorr~{D6iJ. "(yJm!))~ • Lim!})"

(UfTfJ{D. 8;rr~TL ..... IOlI. 17). Q

(yJ6?Jl!:p{fJ6U = jJJ6lf)VJ~.u (lLoQJ 0). ((1 '<\

c!:p6'6l y;> = 1. ®R>8i. "~fi1J65Jfi6)cfF C':P~y)(J w{b !D6'fi)YJ~ urfJu IT. 19:63). 2. ftjI'iilJ)G1T ~{fJ6UaUfT6iJ 6!J)rr6lJw g,/@u4 (W!? ~ 0

(yJ6?JlY;> - (!p04>& = ®6tD&. "a;ftikT(yJ6'lf)& QJUJ~W d!iBffiJ. ~46). 2. uSJLfT.

(t5iriil.). ~

~.a!DfT: @jm!}) - @j6ll)8;. Q

~y> - (!jJmy>~ = 1.4Jlfi6lQT. "~ ~~@ f!!jL1fI{p/J/Dl'

( i/GiJ. GJ u rfI uur Jj). 3:6:11). 2. @j6ll)8;. ~ 6lI)fil)(yJ6lI)!J)c9li1~ war6Df1"

(i/ru. iJ®uurr. 23). !l

(!J)fii~y> - e!:fJrn!J) = 1. ®¢/th~ • "@jQrA}{DUJw e_yJ"" tyJQSlfJ)QJrrlil

mfiJJ~§JJ" (8iWU r;r tt LDC!!J~!!Jl. JD I· @¢/ tAfD ~6ixa> ~ c!F6J)LD~~

~ GRT 6ID QJ (y) c!h 9; ® t1J ~ <!Ii ' e!P m IJ> 8i QDQI U/ fiIV IJ IT fb rr I!iJ (t!J ,.,

(~rT6l)l1I-. 321). 3. ffJJy>fT6'5J' fitS) ILILD UJ/,~ (IF /p.).

(yJw - UJ6Tr - LD@ = • Qf)LU UW6TTW. "~p5J@ <lw@tb

LD@6lJwC:urr 6lJfT@j • QJt.h" (!6Q)QJ¢/. 32). 2. ~C!!Jr;5J 691@LD

UofrGYT tC IT c9; ®romrr@. @)W LD@6lf&@j(!jJW6TT C:QltO !f)Jfi5>!.D (IL.QJ.).

3. ~p5J6fJ)L8; @j~ L 'e;ffiJ65>& 6lJ®tBrT W@6JlW" (~(!§QJrrc!F. 6:26).

4. ~6111~ urrGiJ

LD(j)1QJ rtJ o;~17 = 6fT Ji8i6'lf)t;f .

• ~QJii{fJ6b, .fL6iIT~~Q). "l.D(f;I~~QJ rovc96(!JJ,-,IT" . 2. Q1/@ffiJ(f!){fJ6lJ. 4>, QlI}"QJf;T QJrrtiJl..D@~~" ({8j)Q /6{l5J QJ. "~Gi6rQLrrl1J- LDc!li6YfJfr w(jj)uu" (4!Dw. 56). 4.

( .~. S. (J~!T~~6iJ. "U)6m&®6lJ>Q} G&rr6"ilTGLJTl1I-& _ &LQ) (f)1:ii~mL :/jf)JTt;Trra~" (CliWUl7rr. @j&u. 21). 6. ~L8;51&

~~ 6iJ. "w@~:fIJI LDfTLD6tn6l) C:UJ~1h~tb{Drrar. (a~fT. 823:10).

~®{Dt!JI{fJ6iJ, ~~§J{bfiiJ. "8Q_rT ~~ UJ(f;II>~~ fi6fJ{De9.!FfTlJI-" (&e6J~. iz:.w. 8. ~u5Jy,~/!Jl{bGU. "~rrG'6T QJrrrft l.D@~~" (~.i>.8:16). 9. L_ lFjJJJ~./!Jl~fitJ. "w®QUJrr(j)l urrwLJ w(J;luQuw" (Cli.6l~. 144: 21).

1 . C3wfT r!FtbU65v~1h6iJ. ~6lJ6IDfi5T w@t.~65I1· I rrQu «(;).QJ.).

LJ)@m1(f;1~Q> = 7. ~p51biJ LD@6lJ6ilIrLfT ~6U. 2. &Qu6fS)!D~ {lJrrtlJuufTfiiJ ®L1I-c9ia; dj@~Q).

98

&~ w(fjJ.

w(6Juu@~{66iJ = dSlP!A~®~{hQJ· "W@UU@&@jc9 8iC'!Ji)u QUfT(!9W". (C:i6QJrr. 80:70).

LD@ - LDLW1 = ao;rrySJ&mtDYT '!!_~GlTQ)Lci;@jL1> &@LDfOW 4.

UJ(CI - WI iD2 = 1. ~IJUaurrrt® ~GWQJ~&®u5JLW Q) !iJIJU

C:UfTfr fLmr@ $hffiJ®u5ILW. 2. ~[!JQ)JUJfr ~ffiJ®u5JrR\ . 6lJySJu C:urr8;8itT ~ffiJ®uSll ID. 4. ti1lrTU G'lUfT.:fbJ& 8iLL~

~'7fTWL(y>L._@fb6i.1 = dSmr@wfT¢18i@5W ~L~~t5/LI7"'fJ8i@5 WfT6"51 UJ6ir6lfl6TT 8i6tT Gud;C:{Drr6Wt;r6l1! L__@U U1rf1tA~~tt ortiJ¢11>

i)rftf/,f!JJ u6U6Urrmr(£l&L(:!!Ju tJJar {lJwe!j)tT • filJ!AUJl ~ffiJ51

t6J®&®wC:urr!/J/, ~6lJtT GJutb(l!DfTrT, QJ8; OifTLllI-8J

Gl8ifTWWfTw(l6lJ, fbw (lU'7wt5/WfTfiiJ ~~ ~.f!)I8i6WQI [lifiiJ

s»mr~8i6WW ~'7fT/J(lfbl7.f!)1W ~QrQl~U U6~L/JgJ QI'7fiiJ.

(FFCht 1:1:5). ~-----

6 ffiJ c$1J!f>u51rorr tt fr (J&rr 6'61661.0, ~ W ./f)J o;L@~(Jc!F tt J!)J

Gl8ifTQu-@ fill (!!J6lJ rr It {DffiJ 51 UJ oRr @ UJ L u51 ®~ ~/tJI. ~ /Ill

&L._(j;I~a<!FfT tb.!J)J LDi I D (if '" ua...w......a......r..:&_~~:t:!J.I

~ QJ OJ" UJ UJ ® 5160 ~ iJ ® 6'61 roiJ "LlY'__"'_~ <:LDvU, QJySJu(JUfTa;&rrJi®·

lJ)Lu5J®!A~~. ~/!J/ Lf

• • •

fiTWV6MUUL_L~.

~Qg J!)JQrW ~(!!JLJ)Lf fJ &@?jW, G)U@<9G)a-iiJ fiD1UJIr ILfifffT@6lS>!DU! LD@i»~6b (fLoW Q&rrAITL Q~tIlIf]·I.-...o'

QJLQwrrySJ Q{hQuQJTfT(£J QJth~L.5J6irr, LDLL (matha) 67W.!J)J

i)Jf1 :f,~& ~lU LOll fr. ~~tb@j QI L G'J LOfT ySJt6I6iJ eYlQ)u5} &lJ6m60.

C::w~w~~ fr QJ(!§(y)roiTfilfT(l'7 ~W1YJ8i~iJtb C:U~fr Q~rr.f!)JW WLu5J~~

w@ - ,_Q 1. Q~rrA>QT (~QJ".J. 2. 6lJrrtiJ. 3. ~""~i:Jtb@ QlrrtiJ

c: . "1Llj>QI <!!J~L/J'Ii G'1$hfiifTfinflr LD6fDL" (~c9A)~t;;)Jrr.

@jUQl6tD&. S. tCl765>fiW. 6. ~mL. "LDR>LC:{lJrT.f!)JW .v ~q(;)q¢1 QUJ.!J)JLbOJ~rt" (a~QJfT. 372:9). 7. dP/69fi8ifiUc$

~. &l,L@. "LD6lflLUJ6'5Jy;tA~ - C:QJQ>" (f!QJ8i. 293). 9. dJI@~jJ6S1 ~""UI . "LDa>L~())JffiJ5I t616lf)Q)i)rf1~~QJT" (4[Dw. 97). 10. 1L6W~~ C:<!FIT./f)J (Ult5J.). 11. t!FQ)wUJQJ <:QJ6U)6U. "~@UJ6G>Li.J C::utiJJ;Q 8i6lJfT W" (&a01liiJ. 739). 12. G>fDti.JQJUU~)/_tu6lJ. "W6lnLUJ(£'Il.D urr6lJ" (8i06J{ij. 109).

• QqGiJ~Lb c;,u®c9l.FfTalQJ ~~ ~m,6WrT Q/Ij)rfilc$ 9® ~ (iffl finf n- ( 4""' q t!F IT 69fi ) LD L t.b

'.UJ}OGl{D i)®uuwth~rrL ~QJLDLAI o;fTmrLm-C:QJ~WI LwnrmLDt6JeiJ f!JJID • c$C:GTT ~fDQ)fTQ) uu iD 6TW~t.b G)eJTwU, et W ~ LiJ 6'5J Q) W6lf) UJ ~ tq...U Ufi4lLUJ fT &8;

• C:6U.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful