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CS8656

MOS IC

Non-isolated APFC BUCK LED Controller


The Document is Applied toCS8656EO, CS8656GEO

1. General Description
The CS8656 is a non-isolated BUCK topology constant current control LED controller
with Active Power Factor Correction (APFC). For 85Vac-265Vac input voltage, it can achieve
high precision LED output current, high power factor, low THD and high system efficiency.
The CS8656 works in boundary conduction mode to reduce the MOSFET switching
losses. The CS8656 integrate 500V MOSFET internally, which simplifies external circuit.
The system full wave detection mode makes the high precision of constant current controlling,
also the Line Voltage Regulation and Load Regulation.
The multi-protection feature of CS8656 significantly improves the system reliability and
safety. The CS8656 features VCC under voltage lock out, LED open/short-circuit protection,
CS resistor open-circuit protection, cycle-by-cycle current limit, and intelligent thermal
adjust.

Features
Inductance Current of Boundary-Continuous Mode
Integrate Active Power Factor Correction, High PF, Low THD
High Precision of LED output current: 3%
Superior Line Voltage Regulation and Load Regulation
Low Start Up Current
Extremely Low Quiescent Current
High Precision LED Output current for 85Vac-265Vac Input Voltage
Output Open/Short Circuit Protection
CS Resistor Open-circuit protection
VCC UVLO
Integrate 500V power MOSFET
Available in SOP8 Package

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2. Function Diagram and Pin Description


2. 1Function Diagram

2. 2Function Description
The CS8656 is a high-PF non-isolated BUCK topology LED controller with Active Power
Factor Correction (APFC) internally. The CS8656 works in boundary conduction mode and
employs unique control mode to achieve high precision LED output current. Also it realized
superior Line Voltage Regulation and Load Regulation
2.2.1Start Up and UVLO
Initially, the capacitor beside VCC pin is charged through the start up resistor from the AC
line. After the VCC voltage climbs up to VCC turn voltage threshold VCC_ON , the control logic
start to work. After the output voltage established, the output voltage supply power for VCC
through diode to reduce system power dissipation.
When VCC falls below VCC turn off voltage threshold VCC_OFF , the system shut down, and
the system enters another start up cycle.
2.2.2Power-on Soft-start
The CS8656 supply soft-start function. The IC works in 10 kHz switch frequency after
power on, and the CAP pin voltage is pulled up to 1.5V. After the output pulse established, CAP
voltage rises from 1.5V, and the inductor peak current rise gradually along with CAP voltage,
which realize the soft-start.
Soft-start function can help to restrain clash current to reduce LED received stress during
start up, which can extend the LED life. On the other hand, soft-start also can restrain clash
voltage on MOSFETs drain to increase the system reliability.
2.2.3Power Factor Correction
After the system is stable, the voltage VCAP will be constant. The CS8656 realize high PF
though ensure MOSFET on time stable.The relation between Vin(t), TON , L and inductor peak
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current I P (t) can be calculated as fallow:

Vin(t ) Ton L Ip(t )


Vin(t) is a sinusoidal half-wave, and the envelope of inductor current peak value I P (t) fallow
with the input voltage Vin(t), which make the system realize high PF.
Inductor Current
VIN(t)

Fig.2 Power Factor Correction Scheme


2.2.4Constant Current Control
The CS8656 employs unique constant current control method and works in boundary
continuous mode, which could control the LED output current accurately.
LED output current can be calculated as:

Io

VREF
RCS

VREF-feedback loop reference voltagetypically 0.2V


R CS-The sensing resistor connected between CS pin and GND
2.2.5Zero Current Detect
When power MOSFET is off, the inductor current fall linearly from peak value to zero, also
make supply power for LED load and charge the output capacitor through freewheeling diode.
When inductor current falls to zero, the inductor voltage will fall to zero quickly. ZCD pin sense
the inductor voltage through divider resistor, and when detected voltage falls below V ZCD_FALL ,
turn on the MSFET.
2.2.6Output Over-Voltage Protection
The CS8656 detect the output voltage through ZCD pin during demagnetize process. When
the voltage of ZCD pin exceeds the OVP threshold, the OVP signal will be triggered and latched,
the MOSFET will be turned off and the IC work at quiescent mode, the VCC voltage dropped
below the UVLO which will make the IC shut down and the system restarts again. The output OVP
setting point can be calculated as:

VLED _ OVP

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R1 R 2
1.6V
R1

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D2

R4

C2

Vcc

R2

Latch

1.6V
R1
TOVPS=380ns

Fig.3 Principle of VCC OVP


To prevent OVP trigger falsely for inductor surge spike, the CS8656 designed LEB time of
380ns to ensure zero current detect sample point fall in the flat range, which is shown in Fig.4.

VZCD
Sample Point

0V
TOVPS=380n
s

Fig.4 ZCD Pin Voltage and OVP Sample Point


2.2.7Output Short-Circuit Protection
When the LED is shorted to ground, the output voltage is clamped to zero. The winding cant
supply current for Vcc, so Vcc will drop down. Since the Vcc is below VCC off voltage, the
system will restart and operate in hiccup mode until the shorted condition is removed.
2.2.8Intelligent Thermal Adjust
To prevent from any lethal thermal damage, the CS8656 has internal intelligent thermal
adjust function. When the inner temperature exceeds the threshold, the CS8656 decrease the
output current gradually which can control the output power and temperature rising to improve the
system reliability. The IC set the over temperature adjust threshold 150.

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2. 3Pin Configuration

2. 4Pin Description and Structure Scheme


Pin

Symbol

Function

I/O

I/O

CS8656

CS8656G

CAP

Internal EAs Output Pin.


Connect a Capacitor to Ground

78

GND

Ground Pin

VCC

Supply Voltage Pin.

ZCD

Zero Current Detection Pin

56

56

OUT

78

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CS

The Drain of The Power


MOSFET
Current Sense Pin. Source of
Power MOSFET, and Connect a
Resistor to Ground.

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Structure
Scheme

I/O

I/O

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3Electrical Characteristics
3. 1Absolute Maximum Ratings
Unless otherwise specified, T amb = 25
Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

Supply Voltage (Note 1)

VCC

8.5~25

Peak Value of the Power MOSFET Drain Voltage

VDS

-0.3~500

-0.3~6

Low Voltage Terminal (CS, CAP, ZCD)


Maximum Clamp Current for VCC Pin

I CC_MAX

10

mA

Continuous Power Dissipation(Note 2)

P DMAX

0.45

Thermal resistance

JA

145

/W

Junction Temperature

TJ

-40 to 150

Storage Temperature

TSTG

-55 to 150

kV

ESDHBM
Note 1Exceed the limit parameter, the IC would be damaged.

Note2The maximum power dissipation of IC falls along with the temperature, which
determined by thermal resistance JA, junction temperature TJ and ambient
temperature T A. The maximum allowed power dissipation is PDMAX =TJM AX -TA
/ JA.

3. 2Electrical Characteristics
Unless otherwise specified, T amb = 25
Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Value

Unit

Min.

Typ.

Max.

7.5

25

Supply Voltage
Supply range

VCC

VCC turn on threshold

VCC_ON

VCC Rising

15

17

19

VCC turn off threshold

VCC_OFF

VCC Falling

6.5

7.5

VCC Clamp Voltage

VCC_CLAMP

20

VCC Start Up Current

I CC_ON

VCC Rising
VCC =VCC_ON -1V

30

50

Operating current

I CC_OP

F OP =10kHz

300

500

Zero Current Detector (ZCD)


Zero current detect
threshold

VZCD_FALL

ZCD Falling

0.2

Zero current detect


hysteresis

VZCD_HYS

ZCD Rising

0.15

Output OVP Threshold

VZCD_OVP

1.6

Maximum On Time

TON_MAX

20

Minimum Off Time

TOFF_MIN

s
To be continued

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Continued
Parameter
Maximum Off Time

Symbol

Test Conditions

Value
Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

TOFF_MAX

100

VCS_LIMIT

Leading Edge Blanking


Time

TLEB_CS

360

ns

Turn off delay time

TDELAY

110

ns

Current Sense
Peak Value Limit for
CS Pin

Error AMP
current detect threshold

VREF

Lower clamp voltage

VCA_L

for CAP Pin


Linear operation range

0.2

0.206

1.5

VCAP

of CAP Pin
Higher clamp voltage
for CAP

0.194

1.5

VCAP_H

V
V

3.9

4.0

5.5

Power MOSFET
The turn-on resistor of
MOSFET
Breakdown Voltage of
MOSFET

R DS_ON

V GS =10V/IDS =0.5A

BVDSS

V GS =0V/IDS =250A

I DSS

V GS =0V/V DS =500V

Leakage Current of
MOSFET

500

V
10

Intelligent Thermal Adjust


Over temperature
adjust threshold

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TADJ

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150

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4Typical Application Circuit and Information

R3

OUT

ZCD

OUT

CS
Rcs

AC

C1
C2

VCC

CS

CAP

GND

C3
D1

R2

R1

L
C4

D2

R4

Fig.5 Typical Application Circuit

5Package InformationUnit: mm
5. 1Package Outline

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5. 2Dimensions
Symbol

Min.

Max.

Symbol

Min.

Max.

4.95

5.15

C3

0.10

0.20

A1

0.37

0.47

C4

0.20 TYP

A2

1.27 TYP

1.05 TYP

A3

0.41 TYP

D1

0.50 TYP

5.80

6.20

R1

0.07 TYP

B1

3.80

4.00

R2

0.07 TYP

17 TYP

B2

5.0 TYP

1.30

1.50

13 TYP

C1

0.55

0.65

4 TYP

C2

0.55

0.65

12 TYP

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WUXI CHINA RESOURCES SEMICO CO.Ltd


Add: 180-22 Linghu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu, CHINA
Zip: 214135
Tel:

(86)510-85810118

Fax:(Marketing and Sales Department) (86)510-85874503


Web Site: http//www.semico.com.cn
Contact Information
Marketing and Sales Department:180-22 Linghu Avenue Wuxi CHINA
Zip:214135 TEL: (86)510-85810118-4445/2320
FAX: (86)510-85874503
Shenzhen CR Semico Co., Ltd : Room 1001,Qinghai building,7043 Beihuan Main Road,Shenzhen
Zip:518000

TEL:0755-83572766

FAX:0755-83572811

Application Technical Service


Marketing and Solution Department: 180-22 Linghu Avenue Wuxi Jiangsu
Zip : 214135
TEL : 0510-85810118-5506/3563
FAX: 0510-85810118-3093
Shenzhen CR Semico Co., Ltd : Room 1001,Qinghai building,7043 Beihuan Main Road,Shenzhen
Zip : 518000

TEL: 0755-83947357, 83547123

FAX: 0755-83572811

Note:
Please read this material carefully before use Semico products;
Wuxi China Resources Semico Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes to its products
without prior notice, in order to improve design and performance.
Semico assumes no responsibility for or liabilities arising from the specifications listed herein.
Applications described herein are for illustrative purposes only, and Semico makes no warranty that
its products will be suitable for the applications specified without further modification.
Semico also assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor
for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.No
licence is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Semico.
Semico does not recommend the use of its products in life support applications where malfunction
of such products could be expected to threaten human life. Customers using or selling Semicos
products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and shall be liable for all claims or damages
resulting from improper use or sales.

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