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CRISTOBAL, Lorraine Joyce P.



(Republic of the Philippines and Japan)

I. Background of the Agreement on Social Security, Military Technology, and

on visiting forces agreement.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summits this year was held
on November 17 to 20 o 2015 in the Philippines. The Agreement between the
Republic of the Philippines and Japan was made on November 19, 2015. The
said agreement was signed in Manila between Japanese Ambassador to the
Philippines Kazuhide Ishikawa and Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Republic
of the Philippines Albert del Rosario.
Employees sent from Japan to the Philippines as well as those sent
from the Philippines to Japan are currently subject to compulsory coverage
under the social security systems of both countries. The Agreement is aimed
for solving these problems. Upon the entry into force of this Agreement,
those employees temporarily dispatched for a period of five years or less to
the other country will be, in principle, covered only by the pension system of
the country from which employees are dispatched. The Agreement will also
enable establishment of eligibility to receive pension in each country by
totalizing the periods of the coverage in both countries.
A regional economic summit paving the way for Tokyo to supply Manila
with military equipment that could be used in the disputed South China Sea.
The two sides had signed a memorandum of understanding outlining specific
steps to enhance defense cooperation which included capacity-building and
collaboration on defense equipment and technology. States that Japan may
begin by supplying three Beechcraft TC-90 King Air Planes currently used to
train Japanese Self Defense Force pilots that can be fitted with basic surface
and air surveillance radar, followed by used Lockheed Martin submarinehunting P3-C patrol planes. The equipment will be in addition to previously
announced moves, including the transfer of ten patrol boats to the
Philippines announced back in 2013 confirmed to begin in 2016. Both sides
have also committed to exploring a visiting forces agreement that would give

Tokyo access to Manilas military facilities that the United States and
Australia now enjoy.
It is expected that the conclusion of this Agreement will reduce the
burden imposed on companies and employees, thereby further facilitating








II. Analysis
With the agreement of Japan and republic of the Philippines, it shows
that we both share common goals of ensuring peace and stability in the AsiaPacific region, promoting economic growth of the region, and addressing
international challenges including achieving human security. The significance
of the Strategic Partnership of both countries is anchored on collaboration








democracy, and the rule of law, respect for basic human rights, and a free
and open economy. Both countries are fully committed towards further
strengthening the Partnership, aware of the increasing and complex
challenges facing the region and the international community.

The agreement is meant to provide a framework for defense

cooperation between the two defense ministries and their
respective armed forces. Not only does it deepen the defense
relations between the Philippines and Japan but establishes
alliance between the two countries.

The agreement enhances protection of intellectual property and

strengthen cooperation in the field thereof to promote trade and
investment between Japan and the Philippines.

The agreement ensures peace and stability by having common

goals that will help the growth of the economy of both countries.

The agreement provides for the availability to obtain the

resources needed to strengthen our military forces.

The agreement helps us having a high quality, and having the

latest technology which our country lacks to establish.


It is relatively high on production costs which the budget of the

Philippines will not be able to cover.

Lack of funding for security purposes is a weakness that can be

difficult to overcome.

There might be shortcomings of the government which would

cost to unproductivity.

The Japan in providing military technology could cost a possible

internal apprehension in operations which is a disadvantage on
our part.

In having a high quality and latest military technology, could

have a potential lack of computer literacy in organization since
its new to us.


Facilitate the mutual recognition of the results of conformity

assessment procedures for products or processes.

To liberalize and facilitate trade in goods and services between

Japan and the Philippines.

New security systems and products come on to the marketplace

on a regular basis.

Utilization of higher education institutions as a source for









Retention of highly skilled workers with technical degree.

Creation of jobs that are sustainable and immune to technology
changes or outsourcing.


Due to having high quality military technologies, the ability of

local employers to quickly identify and adapt to those changes
may take a while.

The Japan in providing military technology could cost a possible

internal apprehension in operations which is a disadvantage on
our part.

The consistency of the agreement is not always guaranteed.

The support of the Japanese government is still necessary for the

Might be having new computer viruses, hacking and phishing

Having high quality technology that could harm the performance
of healthcare organizations.