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Vitamins
supervisor:c
Dr. tareq zaidac

Collected by:c
Ahmad bassam al-Aswad
120072549
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BIOME I L IMPORT N E
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THE ETERMIN TION OF NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS EPEN S ON THE


RITERI OF EQU Y HOSEN
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THE VIT MINS RE ISP R TE GROUP OF OMPOUN S WITH


V RIETY OF MET BOLI FUN TIONS
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IPID-S E VI A I S
E I IDS & CA E IDS AVE VI A I A AC IVI Y
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(  c c  c c c c c c  c c  c c c  cc c c c c
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Vitamin A as a unction in Vision


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etinoic Acid as a ole in the egulation o ene E pression & issue


Di erentiation
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Vitamin A De iciency Is a ajor Public ealth Problem orldwide


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Vitamin A Is o ic in E cess
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VI A I D IS EA YA E
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Vitamin D Is Synthesized in the Skin


E
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Vitamin D Is etabolized to the Active etabolite, Calcitriol, in iver &


Kidney
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Vitamin D etabolism oth egulates & Is egulated by Calcium


omeostasis
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Vitamin D De iciency A ects Children & Adultsc


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Vitamin D Is o ic in E cess c
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VI A I E D ES AVE A P ECISE Y DE I ED E A IC
C I
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Vitamin E Is the ajor ipid-Soluble Antio idant in Cell embranes &


Plasma ipoproteinsc
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Dietary Vitamin E De iciency in umans Is nknown
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VI A I K IS E I ED SY ESIS D-C I
P EI S
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Vitamin K Is the Coenzyme or Carbo ylation o lutamate in the


Postsynthetic odi ication o Calcium- inding Proteins
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Vitamin K Is Also Important in the Synthesis o one Calcium- inding


Proteins
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A E -S E VI A I S
VI A I 1( IA I ) AS A KEY E I CA YD A E
E A IS
hiamin  c c@ cc c  
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c @ cc  c c@ 
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hiamin diphosphate
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hiamin De iciency A ects the ervous System & eartc
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c cheart ailure 
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c ernicke¶s encephalopathy  cKorsako ¶s psychosis,  @c c @ 
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hiamin utritional Status Can e Assessed by Erythrocyte ransketolase


Activationc
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c c c c@cc @@
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VI A I 2( I AVI ) AS A CE A EI E E YYIE DI
E A IS c
<    c   c  cc c  c cc@ c lavin mononucleotide ( ) 
c lavin
adeninedinucleotide ( AD)c C c c 
cc G

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cc c @ c c C c  c Gc c @c  cCGc c c  
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ccccccccccccccccccccc

lavin Coenzymes Are Electron Carriers in idoreduction eactionsc


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ibo lavin De iciency Is idespread ut ot atalc


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IACI IS S IC Y A VI A I c
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AD Is the Source o ADP- ibosec


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cG    c c@  c 
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Pellagra Is Caused by De iciency o ryptophan & iacin


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Pellagra Can ccur as a esult o Disease Despite an Adequate Intake o


ryptophan & iacin
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iacin Is o ic in E cess
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VI A I 6 IS I P A I A I ACID & YC E E A IS
& I S E ID E AC I
7 c@
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pyrido ine, pyrido al, pyrido amine, 
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c c c @  c c  c @
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Vitamin 6 as Several oles in etabolism


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c c cc     c  !c  c+c  c  cc  c cc
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c c c   cc  c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc cccccccccc c

Vi mi B fi i I R c


c   c  c c ccc c  ccc  c   c cc
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c c  c( c
c c   c
c c   c c  cc
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cc  cc  c( c
c
c  cc    c

Vi mi B S I i E
mi f
c c c
c c c c  c( c
c ccc   c c c
   cc   !c   cc c  c!  ccc   c  

I Ex , Vi mi B S N c

c c c c


 ccc  c c  c c-: cc c   ! c cc
cc c c c%c c c c  cc  c c   c c c m l
m &ccc c 
cc c c cc  c c c c
c
c c c! c c- c4cc c c
   c 4c

VIT MIN B IS FOUN ONLY IN FOO S OF NIM L ORIGIN


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ccc c    c cc l mi # c i i % c
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c  cc  c &c  cc   c   c cc  cc7 c
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Vitamin 12 Absorption equires wo inding Proteins
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