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Adi Parashakti
"Parashakti" redirects here. For the Tamil lm, see Parasakthi (lm).

Adi Parashakti

Sanskrit transliteration Adi Parashakti


Lalita Tripura Sundari


Situated at Chintamani Graha, Mani Dvipa




Bow, Arrows, Pasha, Angusha



According to Shaktism and Hindu mythology, Adi Para Shaktithe Goddess, Deviis the
Supreme Being. She is also popularly referred to as "Adi Shakti", "Parama Shakti", "Maha Shakti",
"Mahadevi", or even simply as "Shakti". "Parama" means absolute, "Satya" means the Truth as
per many shakta texts.[1] The Devi Bhagawata Mahapurana states that Adi Parashakti is the
original creator, observer and destroyer of the whole universe.

As per Shaktism, Adi Parashakti appeared as Divine Pure Eternal Consciousness i.e. Shoonya
Bindu, the divine zero feminine energy, which then expresses itself as prakriti (Universal
Nature).[2] Hence Adi Parashakti is Parama Prakriti.
Goddess Lalita Tripura Sundari is the original manifested form of Mother Adi-Parashakti.
Goddess Parvati/Durga is Adi- Parashakti herself and is the perfect incarnation of Lalita Tripura
Sundari . Goddess Lalita Tripura Sundari, the goddess of power and beauty, is considered as
her saguna svarupa (Manifested form). That is, Lalita Tripura Sundari is the truest material form
of the Goddess, possessing the three qualities (Sattva, rajas, or tamas). However, the Goddess
Adi Para Shakti is also considered to be truly supreme spirit without form (Param Atman). She
is the Great Goddess, and therefore the source of all other goddesses. She is supreme and
regarded as the "Absolute Truth" in Shaktism.

Adi Parashakti means "The Eternally Limitless Power". That is, she is the Power beyond this
universe. She is the active energy that both creates and dissolves the entire universe.

In the Devi Gita, it is suggested that before incarnating as Parvati, she appeared to King
Himalaya and revealed divine, eternal knowledge to him. She explained herself, in the words of
the Vedas, as having neither beginning nor end. She is the only, eternal truth. The whole
universe is her creation. She is the only victor and the manifestation of victory itself. She is a
manifested (Lord Brahma), unmanifested (Lord Vishnu) and transcendent (Lord Shiva) divinity.
She then displayed her scarcely seen form to him: Satyaloka was located in her forehead; the
created universe were her hairs; the sun and moon were her eyes; in her ears were the four
directions; the Vedas were her words; death, affection and emotion were her teeth; maya was
manifested by her smile.[3]

Adi Parashakti in Hinduism

Goddess Adi ParaShakthi is the Presiding Deity at the Parashakthi Temple in Pontiac Michigan, USA

Except for Shakta Puranas, Adi Shakti has never been mentioned with the name "Adi Shakti".
But indirectly, they also consider her to be supreme being.

In Vaishnav Puranas

Worshippers of Vishnu do not usually talk about Adi shakti directly but they do depict the
concept of Maya and Yogmaya, Radha as Mul Prakriti. Vaishnav scriptures like Vishnu Purana
and Bhagwat Purana also don't mention her in detail since both are talking about Mahalakshmi
as Radha's expansion, considering Radha as mula prakriti.[4] On the contrary, Brahmanda
Purana mentions that Adi parashakti divided herself to purusha and prakritki from single seed.
The rst seed gave birth to Krishna in masculine and Kali in feminine form. Because they were
born from same seed hence considered as cosmic siblings. Kali then converted herself to
Lalita Tripurasundari, then she gave birth to two bubbles. From one bubble, there arose Vishnu,
who gave birth to Lord Brahma and Gauri, who incarnated as Sati then Parvati. Second bubble
was of Shiva and Radha. Radha further expanded herself to Lakshmi, Saraswati and Ganga.[5]

In Shaiva Puranas
Shiva Purana says Adi Parashakti incarnated in complete materialistic form as Param Prakriti
from the left half of Lord Shiva. Linga Purana states Adi shakti's sagun swaroop i.e. Parvati
assumed the form of Yoni and Shiva assumed the form of Linga and their union brings
evolution of life. Skanda Purana and Markandeya Purana talks about Durga or Chandi as divine
mother of all creation and truest material form of Adi Shakti. Parvati is Durga by the same
above-mentioned scriptures.[6]

In Shakta Puranas
The "Devi Bhagwat Purana" says that Shiva worshiped and meditated on Adishakti for
thousands of years, using the beej mantra "Kleem". She then incarnated in front of him in the
form of Sidhidaatri as such she appeared from the left half of Lord Shiva. The same purana
mentions Parvati, the goddess of power and beauty, is considered her Sagun Swaroop
(manifested form). The Goddess Adi Para shakti is also considered to be the truly supreme
spirit without form (Param Atman). She is the Great Goddess, and all other goddesses and even
all the gods are her various forms, says the Devi Gita from Shakti Mahabhagawat Purana.[7]
Namely, according to the Devi Bhagwata Purana, Parvati is lineal progenitor of all other
goddesses (which are essentially her various forms and names).
In Devi Mahatmyam, Trimurti and demigods praises Adi shakti:
Shrishti Sthiti Vinasham Shakti Bhute Sanatane
Guna Shaye (Devoid of all attributes i.e. Nirgun) Gana maye (Having all the attributes) Narayani
Meaning: We bow to the rst female (Narayani), The eternal energy who creates, sustains and
destroys all the elements i.e. tatva and the one who is truly supreme spirit (Nirgun) at the time

who encapsulate all the attributes for Generation, Observation and Destruction.

Adi Parashakti in Sikhism

Sikhism also portrays the concept of Adi Shakti. Difference is in the philosophy. In Sikhism,
Khanda, the symbol of innite Power of GOD is referred as "Adi Shakti", so ultimately GOD is Adi
Shakti. Basic theology is same, but they never depict Adi shakti as Female, though they agree
on the feminine attributes of Adi shakti. Being female and having feminine attributes are same.
Durga or Parvati, who is said to be truest materialistic form of Adi Shakti as per Hinduism, are
manifestations of Adi Shakti to destroy demons as said in Chandi di Var. Adi shakti,
possessing female attributes also known as Bhagauti, expresses herself as Durga or Parvati,
the most powerful deity in Hinduism
Sikh Meditation quote praising Adishakti
AdiShakti AdiShakti AdiShakti Namo Sarab Shakti Sarab Shakti Sarab Shakti Namo Namo,
Prithum Bhagauti Prithum Bhagauti, Kundalini Mata Shakti, Mata Shakti Namo Namo

Role in creation
In Srimad Devi Bhagwat Purana's 1st book and 4th chapter. Devi addressed Trimurti as follows:
"I am Adi Parashakti, goddess Bhuvaneshvari. I am the owner of this universe. I am the
Absolute Reality. I am dynamic in feminine form and static in masculine form. You have
appeared to govern the universe through my energy. You are the masculine form of Absolute
Reality, while I am the feminine form of that Reality. I am beyond form, beyond everything, and
all the powers of God are contained within me. You must know that I am the Eternal limitless
She then said: Brahma! You will be generator of the universe; the Goddess Sharada (saraswati) is
your consort, my form by which I will be recognized as the goddess of wisdom and the primeval
sound. Lord Brahma, this goddess will be with you when you create the universe.

She continued: Lord Narayana! You are the Supreme, Immortal Spirit. You are formless, yet you
take form. I assign you to be the preserver of the universe. You will take a different incarnations
in order to save this universe's inhabitants. Oh Narayana! You are the Supreme of all the deities
with form. You have created Lord Brahma, and Brahma will further create thirty three kind of gods
and goddesses. My Great Power, goddess Mahakali, has been born from your mystic sleep. You
are the Paramatman. Your consort will be goddess Shri Maha Lakshmi, my form. Lord Vishnu,
this goddess will be with you when you rule/maintain the universe. When life evolves, you will
take the form of Vishnu, the one who will perform the task of observing and preserving this
At Last she instructed: Oh Lord Rudra, the Great Lord, you are the personication of time, which
is above all. You will perform the task of destroying and regenerating this universe. When you are
formless absolute, time stands still. It is due to my power that you become dynamic and are
capable of bringing about the destruction and regeneration of this universe. Your consort is
goddess Mahakali, Mahakali is myself , my full form , where Laxmi and Saraswati are just my
clone, partial form. But due to meditation, you will surpass all my forms. It is then that I will
incarnate from your left half in my manifested form. This form will be my truest manifested form.
Lord Shiva, she will perform the task of destroying evil and will be your consort. Aum Shakti is
used to describe the name of the goddess when she is without attributes. It is hence to
consider Adi Shakti as supreme primordial energy. If we analyze all the sacred texts of Indian
legends then it is legitimate to consider Adi parashakti as supreme being.[9]

Association with other deities

Association with Trimurti
In Devi Purana, It is written that when different sages were asking the great sage Suta, who
have listened the Purana from Lord Krishna himself, that if all the puranas like Shiv Purana,
Vishnu Puranas etc. claims that Trimuti are eternal and nobody is superior to them in this
Brahmanda (World) and also that trinity is oneness and oneness is trinity then Please tell us who
is Adi Parashakti, whom you are talking about? How she took birth? When she was born. please
tell us!
Suta Said There is no one who can answer you this. Since Brahma, Narada and other eternal
sages are bewildered by these questions. Some people worship Lord Vishnu having all the
powers and the one who is omnipresent. And some claiming Lord Shiva with half body of Parvati
is supreme. In Vedas it is written that worship of Sun is the best. They name highest soul Surya
as Paramatama. Others claiming that Lord Vishnu is actual expression of all the deities. The
Great Brahmins provide three proves called perception, inference, and verbal testimony. But some

other Brahmins added 4th proof to them that is resemblance. Another intelligent pandit added
fth proof called circumstances, presumption, implication at last two authors added two more
proves called Sakshi and Aitijya. But Vedanta said that Supreme Being and main source of
Universe can not be analyzed through these proves. One should have sure reason to claim. All are
claiming and repeating one name directly or indirectly i.e. Shakti or Energy. Who is actually
omnipresent in all beings. Shakti is there in Highest "Vishnu" to lowest "Insect". If Krishna or
Shiva are sarva shaktimaan, then presence of Shakti is rst that makes them sarva shaktimaan,
hence both Shiva and Vishnu are not base. Shakti is actual Base. We Worship because of energy,
we walk because of shakti, we do all the activities because of shakti. So How can
"Creation/Preservation/Destruction" be done without shakti. Shakti is required to get a soul into a
body, Shakti is required to sustain soul to live, Shakti is required to destroy/release from a Body.
Even if Kundalini Shakti be deprived from Lord Shiva then He will be a Corpse. [10]

Association with Navagraha or nine planets

Adi Shakti is regarded as the one who can control all the nine planets. She divides herself to
Material Shakti i.e. Durga who splits herself to operate nine planets to maintain cosmic order,
Vidya Shakti i.e. Kali as source for 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu and Maya Shakti, to delude
the beings to illusion and also promotes the beings to Ultimate God. As Durga Shakti She is the
one who splits herself to NavaDurga provides direction and energy to all planets.
Sun is Governed by Kushmanda Shakti. Mahagauri operates Rahu. Kaalratri governs Shani.
Ketu is governed by Goddess Siddhidaatri.
Provider of Knowledge i.e. Bhrasapati is governed by Goddess Katyayini
Provider of All Fortunes i.e. Mangal is governed by Goddess Brahmacharini
The effect of moon is overcome by Goddess Shailaputri
Budh Planet is governed by Goddess Skandamata
Shukra Planet is operated by Goddess Chandraghanta
By this contrast Goddess Adi Shakti controls Nava Graha. Worshipping the nine goddess in
Navaratri or Nine nights of mataji, saves you from dangerous effects of planets.

Association with ten avatars of Lord Vishnu

As told above, Adi Shakti has divided herself to Material Shakti (Durga or Parvati), Kali (Vidya
Shakti) and Yog Maya (as Mayashakti). As Vidya Shakti she splits herself to 10 kinds of eternal
knowledge also known as 10 Mahavidya. The ten goddesses are known as wisdom goddesses.
As per tantras these ten goddesses are original source of ten incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

From Dhumavati, Lord Matsya was incarnated

From Bagalamukhi, Lord Kurma was incarnated From Bhairavi, Lord Varaha was incarnated
From Chinnamasta, Lord Narasimha was incarnated
From Tripurasundari, Lord Vaamana was incarnated
From Matangi, Lord Parashurama was incarnated From Tara, Lord Rama was incarnated
From Kali, Lord Krishna was incarnated From Kamala, Lord Buddha was incarnated
From Bhuvaneshvari, Lord Kalki will be incarnated
The information is sourced from Sri Devi Bhagwata Mahapurana.[11]

Association with Beings (demi-gods, living beings and demons)

Goddess Adi Shakti lastly splits up as Maya, Mahamaya and Yogmaya. It is she who actually
creates three kinds of Maya such that One subordinate another. In this respect, we have
Yogmaya, Mahamaya and Maya.
Yoga Maya
She is the one who actually creates maya on gods and teach them what to do and what not to
do so that they can be connected to ultimate GOD. She helped Lord Mahavishnu slay the
demons Madhu and Kaitabha to save the world. Moreover, she is also the one that who takes
Lord Vishnu to mystic Sleep hence called Yog Nindra of Lord Narayana. It is required by yogis,
sages and bhaktas so that they can be connected to GOD.
She is the goddess that destroys the upfold of illusion. She is the one that creates and destroys
maya. She is controlled by Yogmaya and hence subordinate to YogMaya and senior to Maya.
She emerges as seven mothers to destroy evil forces of Shumbha and Nishumbha, Being
Chamunda one of them. She is required to gain physical strength, health, satvik attributes and
demotes anger, greed and arrogance.[12]
She is the one who delude living beings from god and takes any being to the world of illusion.
She promotes greed, anger, and arrogance. It is assumed that in the Age of Kali Yuga. Her
effect is highest.[13]

The conclusion to be reached from the above-mentioned scriptures is that Parvati or Durga are
the truest material forms of Adi shakti.

Adi Parashakti Forms

Adi Para Sakthi
Sri Lalita-Tripurasundari enthroned with her left foot upon the Sri Chakra, holding her traditional symbols,
the sugarcane bow, flower arrows, noose, and goad. She is seated on a chair constituted by Brahma, Vishnu,
Rudra, Maheshwara and Sadashiva. Lakshmi and Sarswati fanning her.



Bala Tripura Sundari (9 years old)

Lalita Tripura Sundari and her incarnations Parvati is the original manifested form of Mother
Adi-Para Shakti. She is Adi-Shakti who is Energy of ultimate god .[14] The Devi Gita declares her
to be the greatest Goddess.She is seated on a chair constituted by Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra,
Maheshwara and Sadashiva. Lakshmi and Saraswati is always fanning her. Lalita
Tripurasundari holds a sugarcane bow, flower arrows, noose, and goad. She is living on the top
of Maha Meru mountain. Her abode is pictorially represented as Sri Chakra. She is the mother
of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva,Maheswara and Sadashiva collectively called Pancha Brahma. When
she retrieves her power from them they become a corpse and are often referred to as Pancha
Pretas. i.e. Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Maheswara and Sadashiva cannot function without her
power. Thus, she is considered the supreme Goddess and primary deity in Shaktism. Whatever
deity one is worshiping, ultimately, they are worshiping her. She is every other goddess. She is
Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati in her mild form; Goddess Kali, Durga and Goddess
Chandi in her wrathful form. She took various incarnations over a period of time for upholding
Dharma, collectively called the Tridevi:

Saraswati is the rst incarnation of Goddess Adi Para Shakti. She represents the Sattva Guna
and is the shakti(consort) of Lord Brahma. She is the goddess of wisdom, creation, and
learning. She is the source of all of the arts. It is she who slew Sumbha and Nisumbha, who are
symbols of ignorance. She was created from the body of Mother Parvati and is the
embodiment of her hard work, spirituality and devotion. She is also known as Ambika Devi as
per Durga Saptashati. She wears yellow clothes when she takes form. When she is without
form, she becomes the Primordial Sound.
Lakshmi is the second incarnation of Goddess Adi Para Shakti. She is the goddess of the
material world and its preservation. She also brings good fortune and spiritual satisfaction. She
is the shakti(consort) of Lord Narayana and is the bestower of all wealth and pleasure. She
wears red Cloth. She is also known as Chandi Devi as per Durga Saptashati. Mother Maha
Lakshmi is the primary deity of the Raja Guna. When she is formless, she becomes light.
Parvati is the third and perfect or complete incarnation of Goddess Adi Para Shakti. She is the
goddess of spiritual fulllment as well as presiding over the destruction of the universe. She
gives salvation to mankind. She is the shakti and consort of Lord Shiva. She helped Lord Maha
Vishnu slay the demons Madhu and Kaitabha. Parvati is same as Yogmaya also known as
Tamsi Devi as per Durga Saptashati. Parvati wears blue and presides over the Tamas Guna.
When she is formless, she becomes heat.

The Sri Yantra in diagrammatic form, showing how its nine interlocking triangles form a total of 43 smaller triangles.

Shaktas claim that it is assumed that indirectly or directly, everybody worships her. When,
someone is utilizing his/her energy in positive aspects of life then they are worshiping her.
Hypothetically Shaktas assume, since, she is absolute Energy, so when one knows how to raise
his/her inner energy and knows how to balance that energy for daily work then ultimately, they
are worshiping her. To balance Energy for day-to-day life, people worship their personal
gods/God as per their religion, enlighten candles and lamps at home, do good work for society
and many more. All these activities either energize them or these activities are method to gain
Many scholars like Swami Vivekananda prefers meditation as best practice to stop mental
impurities as he said Holy meditation helps to burn out all mental impurities and claims that to
know one's own energy is best method to worship Divine Mother.[16]
Though core shakta people believe in direct worship of Adi Shakti through dhyan, Meditation
and Samadhi, Tantra, Sri chakra and traditional deity worship. While worshiping her through
yoga, Samadhi or through Tantra, one needs proper adherent guru, who himself or herself must
know all the rules and rituals.[17] If someone who doesn't have proper guru, then one can also

worship her mere by singing praise or "aarti" of her and enlightening lamp of "claried butter" or
If a person don't have any Guru then he/she can consider and worship Lord Dakshinamurthy as
their Guru.Eventually he/she will be blessed with a human Self-Realised Guru if they are worthy.

Adi Parashakti's appearance is described in the Kalika Purana, the Lalita Sahasranama, and the
Devi Bhagavata Purana. According to the Devi Bhagavata Purana, the Goddess once invited the
Trimurti to her celestial abode. The Trimurti saw the goddess sitting on a jeweled seat in a
chariot drawn by seven lions. Her face contained the radiance of millions of stars and her
celestial beauty was so great that the Trimurti were not able to look at her. They then realized
that she was the energy responsible for creating, preserving, and destroying the whole
According to the Devi Bhagwat Purana, Adishakti is Tridevi Kali, Lakshmi, Saraswati the
equal half and eternal beloved consort of Trimurti (the three aspects of Godhead).

See also
Parashakthi Temple

^ Srimad Devi Bhagwatam, Devi Gita, Brahmand Purana, Sunder Lehri
^ "Primary Deity Parashakthi Karumari Amman Divine Eternal Mother (Heart of Divine
Love)" . . Parashakti Temple. Retrieved 6 December
2014. External link in |website= (help)
^ "The Devi Gita index" . Retrieved 2012-08-05.
^ Vishnu Purana |
^ Brahmanda Purana translated into English in PDF | Sanatana
Dharma Scriptures Puranas
^ Shiva Mahapurana | Gitapress Gorakhpur
^ Sri Bhagwati Gita | Devi Gita | Sri Parvati Gita Scribd |

^ Matri Dhyan Anandamayi Ma |

^ DailyNews (February 26, 2014). "Hindu Purana | Creation of Universe | Daily News Watch An
Effort to Unite India" . Newsgroup:DailyNewsWatch

Check |newsgroup= value (help). . Archived from the original

on 5 May 2014. Retrieved May

24, 2014.
^ F Morales 2008
^ dus-mahavidyas.pdf,,
^ The Heart of Hinduism: The Eastern Path to Freedom, Empowerment and Illumination .
Stephen Knapp. 2005. ISBN9780595350759. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
^ Srimad Bhagwata Purana
^ Amara, Vishwa. "Creation part 7 Devi Loka (Adi Shakti)" .
VishwaAmara. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
^ "Why are Gaudiya Vaishnavas so Intolerant?" . Arjunananda
Gauranga Maharaj. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
^ "Swami Vivekananda's Quotes On Meditation" . swami
vivekananda quotes. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
^ "Shakti Worship and Sri Ramakrishna" . . Swami Prabhananda.
Retrieved 15 December 2014. External link in |website= (help)
^ Sanchita, Chowdhury. "Who Is Adi Shakti?" . Sanchita Chowdhury.
Retrieved 10 December 2014.

Brown, Cheever Mackenzie (1998). The Dev Gt: the song of the Goddess; a translation,
annotation, and commentary .
Kinsley, David. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious
Traditions . ISBN 81-208-0379-5.

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