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Keystone

Prep
Ch 6- Chemistry

The diagram models how a poison bonds to the


ac:ve site of an enzyme. Which func:on is the
enzyme most likely unable to perform because
of the aAachment of the poison molecule?
the release of stored chemical energy
the dona:on of electrons to the substrate
the supply of ac:va:on energy for a reac:on
the catalysis of the reac:on with the substrate

The graph shows how the ac:vity of an enzyme


changes at dierent temperatures. Which statement
best describes what happens to the enzyme when the
temperature of the reac:on increases to 63C?
a. The enzyme is used up and the reac:on stops.
b. The enzyme begins to decrease the rate of the reac:on.
c. The enzyme con:nues to increase the rate of the reac:on.
d. The enzyme changes shape and can no longer speed up the reac:on.

Which type of organic molecule was most likely


formed by the scien:st in the laboratory?
Lipid, protein, nucleic acid, carbohydrate

A researcher no:ced that a similar CH2 molecular


structure was also located in the plasma membrane
of an animal cell. This CH2 molecular structure
contained a nega:vely charged phosphate group.
Which statement best describes the primary
func:on of the CH2 and phosphate molecular
structure located in the plasma membrane?
A. It contains the gene:c informa:on needed for
protein produc:on.
B. It catalyzes specic chemical reac:ons in the
cytoplasm of a cell.
C. It stores the energy that a cell needs to perform
various life processes.
D. It allows a cell to regulate the movement of materials
into and out of a cell.

Which statement describes the forma:on


of a protein molecule?

Amino acids combine to form a protein chain.


FaAy acid monomers dissolve to form a protein chain.
FaAy acid monomers combine to form a protein chain.
Amino acids dissolve monomers to form a protein chain.

Which two students correctly described organic


compounds?
students 1 and 2
students 2 and 3
students 3 and 4
students 2 and 4

Carbonic anhydrase is an enzyme involved


in the reac:on of carbon dioxide with water
to form a molecule that dissolves well in the
liquid part of blood. How does carbonic
anhydrase aect this reac:on?
by making the reac:on reversible
by changing chemical products of the reac:on
by increasing the :me needed for the reac:on
to occur
by decreasing the amount of energy needed to
complete the reac:on

CONSTRUCTED-RESPONSE QUESTION
8. Proteins are a major part of every living cell
and have many dierent func:ons within each
cell. Carbohydrates also perform numerous
roles in living things.

Part A: Describe the general composi:on of a
protein molecule.

Part B: Describe how the structures of proteins


dier from the structures of carbohydrates.

Part C: Describe how the func:ons of proteins


dier from the func:ons of carbohydrates.